Results for 'Political science Philosophy'

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  1. Love, Order, & Progress: The Science, Philosophy, & Politics of Auguste Comte.[author unknown] - 2018
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  2. Political Theory: Philosophy, Ideology, Science.Andrew Hacker - 1961 - New York: Macmillan.
     
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  3.  53
    Science, Philosophy, and Politics in the Work of J. B. S. Haldane, 1922–1937.Sahotra Sarkar - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (4):385-409.
    This paper analyzes the interaction between science, philosophy and politics (including ideology) in the early work of J. B. S. Haldane (from 1922 to 1937). This period is particularly important, not only because it is the period of Haldane's most significant biological work (both in biochemistry and genetics), but also because it is during this period that his philosophical and political views underwent their most significant transformation. His philosophical stance first changed from a radical organicism to a (...)
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  4.  13
    Process Tracing in Political Science: What's the Story?Sharon Crasnow - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 62:6-13.
    Methodologists in political science have advocated for causal process tracing as a way of providing evidence for causal mechanisms. Recent analyses of the method have sought to provide more rigorous accounts of how it provides such evidence. These accounts have focused on the role of process tracing for causal inference and specifically on the way it can be used with case studies for testing hypotheses. While the analyses do provide an account of such testing, they pay little attention (...)
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  5.  61
    The Attempt on the Life of the Tree of Life: Science, Philosophy and Politics.W. Ford Doolittle - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (4):455-473.
    Lateral gene transfer, the exchange of genetic information between lineages, not only makes construction of a universal Tree of Life difficult to achieve, but calls into question the utility and meaning of any result. Here I review the science of prokaryotic LGT, the philosophy of the TOL as it figured in Darwin’s formulation of the Theory of Evolution, and the politics of the current debate within the discipline over how threats to the TOL should be represented outside it. (...)
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  6.  47
    The Politics and Philosophy of Anti-Science.David E. Tabachnick - 2005 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 9 (1):27-43.
  7. Methodological Individualism and Holism in Political Science: A Reconciliation.Christian List & Kai Spiekermann - 2013 - American Political Science Review 107 (4):629-643.
    Political science is divided between methodological individualists, who seek to explain political phenomena by reference to individuals and their interactions, and holists (or nonreductionists), who consider some higher-level social entities or properties such as states, institutions, or cultures ontologically or causally significant. We propose a reconciliation between these two perspectives, building on related work in philosophy. After laying out a taxonomy of different variants of each view, we observe that (i) although political phenomena result from (...)
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  8.  3
    Beyond the Hoax: Science, Philosophy and Culture.Alan Sokal - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    In 1996, Alan Sokal, a Professor of Physics at New York University, wrote a paper for the cultural-studies journal Social Text, entitled: 'Transgressing the Boundaries: Towards a transformative hermeneutics of quantum gravity'. It was reviewed, accepted and published. Sokal immediately confessed that the whole article was a hoax - a cunningly worded paper designed to expose and parody the style of extreme postmodernist criticism of science. The story became front-page news around the world and triggered fierce and wide-ranging controversy. (...)
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  9.  51
    Habermas and the Political Sciences: The Relationship Between Theory and Practice.Jørgen Pedersen - 2009 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (3):381-407.
    Jürgen Habermas’s theories have received enormous attention in the public sphere as well as in political science. It is therefore surprising that his method, rational reconstruction, is not more debated. In political science the method is of particular interest because of its ambition to bridge the gap between empirical and normative approaches. In this article the author traces Habermas’s interest in rational reconstruction by going back to his writings on theory and practice and subsequently shows what (...)
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  10.  74
    Connected Knowledge: Science, Philosophy, and Education.Alan H. Cromer - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    When physicist Alan Sokal recently submitted an article to the postmodernist journal Social Text, the periodical's editors were happy to publish it--for here was a respected scientist offering support for the journal's view that science is a subjective, socially constructed discipline. But as Sokal himself soon revealed in Lingua Franca magazine, the essay was a spectacular hoax--filled with scientific gibberish anyone with a basic knowledge of physics should have caught--and the academic world suddenly awoke to the vast gap that (...)
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  11.  4
    Masses, Classes, Ideas: Studies on Politics and Philosophy Before and After Marx.Etienne Balibar - 1994 - Routledge.
  12. Public Philosophy and Political Science: Crisis and Reflection.E. Robert Statham Jr (ed.) - 2002 - Lexington Books.
    The crisis of western civilization is a crisis of public philosophy. This is the charge of Public Philosophy and Political Science, a stunning new collection of essays edited by E. Robert Statham Jr. Vividly cataloging the decay of the moral and intellectual foundations of civic liberty, the book portrays a generation of Americans alienated from institutions built on public philosophy. The work exposes the failure of America's political scientists to acknowledge and understand this alarming (...)
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  13.  25
    Intersubjective Accountability: Politics and Philosophy in the Left Vienna Circle.Thomas Uebel - 2020 - Perspectives on Science 28 (1):35-62.
    The question of the political potential possessed by the philosophies of the Vienna Circle is complex for more than one reason. It is so partly due to the politically heterogeneous membership of the Circle, partly due to the difficult if not extreme political circumstances under which they had to operate, and partly due to the variable meanings of the parameter "political," some of which are and some of which are not compatible with, in turn, variable versions of (...)
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  14. Political Philosophy or Political Science?A. H. Hanson - 1965 - [Leeds, Eng.]Leeds University Press.
  15. Proceedings of the International Colloquium in the Philosophy of Science, London, 1965.Imre Lakatos, British Society for the Philosophy of Science, London School of Economics and Political Science & International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science - 1967
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  16.  6
    Philosophy of Social Science: The Methods, Ideals, and Politics of Social Inquiry.Michael Root - 1993 - Blackwell.
    This book is a critical introduction to the philosophy of social science. While most social scientists maintain that the social sciences should stand free of politics, this book argues that they should be politically partisan. Root offers a clear description and provocative criticism of many of the methods and ideals that guide research and teaching in the social sciences.
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  17.  69
    Philosophy and Real Politics.Raymond Geuss - 2008 - Princeton University Press.
    This book is vigorous in its arguments, displays an impressive historical sweep, and on several occasions gets in the perfect skewering criticism.
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  18. Evidence for Use: Causal Pluralism and the Role of Case Studies in Political Science Research.Sharon Crasnow - 2011 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (1):26-49.
    Most contemporary political science researchers are advocates of multimethod research, however, the value and proper role of qualitative methodologies, like case study analysis, is disputed. A pluralistic philosophy of science can shed light on this debate. Methodological pluralism is indeed valuable, but does not entail causal pluralism. Pluralism about the goals of science is relevant to the debate and suggests a focus on the difference between evidence for warrant and evidence for use. I propose that (...)
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  19.  1
    Monism: Science, Philosophy, Religion, and the History of a Worldview.Todd H. Weir (ed.) - 2012 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This groundbreaking volume casts light on the long shadow of naturalistic monism in modern thought and culture. When monism's philosophical proposition - the unity of all matter and thought in a single, universal substance - fused with scientific empiricism and Darwinism in the mid-nineteenth century, it led to the formation of a powerful worldview articulated in the work of figures such as Ernst Haeckel. The compelling essays collected here, written by leading international scholars, investigate the articulation of monism in (...), philosophy, and religion and its impact on a range of social movements, from socialism and early feminism to imperialism and eugenics. The result is a broad and comprehensive chronological, disciplinary, and geographic map of a century of monism, as well as a bellwether for innovative new directions in the interdisciplinary study of science, religion, philosophy, and culture. (shrink)
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  20. Between Science and Politics: The Philosophy of Otto Neurath.Nancy Cartwright, Jordi Cat, Lola Fleck & Thomas Uebel - 1996 - Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
  21.  39
    Politics, Virtue and Political Science: An Interpretation of Spinoza's Political Philosophy.Hans Willem Blom - 1985 - Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 1:209-230.
  22.  30
    Political Science Methodology: A Plea for Pluralism.Sharon Crasnow - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 78:40-47.
    Case study research was once the primary methodology of research in political science. The shift to other methodologies in recent decades suggests has led to a devaluing of these approaches. This article explores six roles for case studies in the social sciences and argues that an understanding of the multiple aims of research supports a methodological pluralism that includes case study research.
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  23.  3
    Albert Einstein: Science, Philosophy and Politics.Samuel Simon - 2005 - Scientiae Studia 3 (4):715-726.
  24. The Politics and Philosophy of Experimental Science.Robert K. Faulkner - 2003 - In Jorge J. E. Gracia, Gregory M. Reichberg & Bernard N. Schumacher (eds.), The Classics of Western Philosophy: A Reader's Guide. Blackwell. pp. 210.
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  25. Political Philosophy.Jean Hampton - 1997 - Westview Press.
    Political philosophy, perhaps even more than other branches of philosophy, calls for constant renewal to reflect not just re-readings of the tradition but also the demands of current events. In this lively and readable survey, Jean Hampton has created a text for our time that does justice both to the great traditions of the field and to the newest developments. In a marvelous feat of synthesis, she links the classical tradition, the giants of the modern period, the (...)
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  26. Global Distributive Justice: Why Political Philosophy Need Political Science.Michael Blake - 2012 - Annual Review of Political Science 15:121-136.
  27.  1
    Interpretive Political Science.Mark Bevir (ed.) - 2010 - Sage Publications.
    v. 1. Interpretive theories -- v. 2. Interpretive methods -- v. 3. Interpreting politics -- v. 4. Interpreting policies.
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  28.  32
    Frontier Science Philosophies for Quality Lives.Akbar Nikkhah - 2012 - Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):128-129.
    The optimum science benefits to routine life have insufficiently been proved. Science progress is not merely reflected in machinery and technological breakthroughs. Subordinate impacts of science and scientists on global interactions are an evidence for the major deficiencies and futility of the many current science designations. A primary objective is to describe postmodern global interrelations of science mentoring policies and life quality. Also, global programs are proposed that will aid in the timely achievement of optimal (...)
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  29.  9
    Philosophy, Politics, Autonomy: Essays in Political Philosophy.Cornelius Castoriadis - 1991 - Oxford University Press.
    These remarkable essays include Cornelius Castoriadis's latest contributions to philosophy, political and social theory, classical studies, development theory, cultural criticism, science, and ecology. Examining the "co-birth" in ancient Greece of philosophy and politics, Castoriadis shows how the Greeks' radical questioning of established ideas and institutions gave rise to the "project of autonomy". The "end of philosophy" proclaimed by Postmodernism would mean the end of this project. That end is now hastened by the lethal expansion of (...)
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  30. Politics and Philosophy: The Necessity and Limitations of Rational Argument.Stanley S. Kleinberg - 1991 - Blackwell.
    This book demonstrates how an interest in political argument leads naturally to a philosophical way of thinking. It analyses both practising politicans and political theorists and is a much needed introudction to two vitally important, and independent, disciplines.
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  31. The Politics of Postmodern Philosophy of Science.Joseph Rouse - 1991 - Philosophy of Science 58 (4):607-627.
    Modernism in the philosophy of science demands a unified story about what makes an inquiry scientific (or a successful science). Fine's "natural ontological attitude" (NOA) is "postmodern" in joining trust in local scientific practice with suspicion toward any global interpretation of science to legitimate or undercut that trust. I consider four readings of this combination of trust and suspicion and their consequences for the autonomy and cultural credibility of the sciences. Three readings take respectively Fine's trusting (...)
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  32. Knowledge and Power: Toward a Political Philosophy of Science.Joseph Rouse - 1987 - Cornell University Press.
    This lucidly written book examines the social and political significance of the natural sciences through a detailed and original account of science as an interpretive social practice.
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  33.  45
    The Politics and Contexts of Soviet Science Studies (Naukovedenie): Soviet Philosophy of Science at the Crossroads.Elena Aronova - 2011 - Studies in East European Thought 63 (3):175-202.
    Naukovedenie (literarily meaning ‘science studies’), was first institutionalized in the Soviet Union in the twenties, then resurfaced and was widely publicized in the sixties, as a new mode of reflection on science, its history, its intellectual foundations, and its management, after which it dominated Soviet historiography of science until perestroika . Tracing the history of meta-studies of science in the USSR from its early institutionalization in the twenties when various political, theoretical and institutional struggles set (...)
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  34. Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction.Will Kymlicka - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    This new edition of Will Kymlicka's best selling critical introduction to contemporary political theory has been fully revised to include many of the most significant developments in Anglo-American political philosophy in the last eleven years, particularly the new debates over issues of democratic citizenship and cultural pluralism. The book now includes two new chapters on citizenship theory and multiculturalism, in addition to updated chapters on utilitarianism, liberal egalitarianism, libertarianism, socialism, communitarianism, and feminism. The many thinkers discussed include (...)
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  35.  21
    Survey Article: The Perils of Value-Ladenness in Politics, Science and Philosophy.David Zimmerman - 2001 - Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (2):217–247.
  36.  3
    The Political Science of War in the System of Scientific Knowledge.Vasily K. Belozerov - 2021 - Russian Journal of Philosophical Sciences 63 (11):74-90.
    The article substantiates the possibility and necessity of the development of the political science of war in Russia as a relatively independent branch of political science. To solve this problem, a retrospective review of the emergence and development of a political component in the system of scientific knowledge about war is provided. This process was controversial in Russia. Some credible thinkers, including military scientists, denied the science of war as such. The study of war (...)
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  37.  70
    Economics Imperialism and Solution Concepts in Political Science.Jaakko Kuorikoski & Aki Lehtinen - 2010 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 40 (3):347-374.
    Political science and economic science . . . make use of the same language, the same mode of abstraction, the same instruments of thought and the same method of reasoning. (Black 1998, 354) Proponents as well as opponents of economics imperialism agree that imperialism is a matter of unification; providing a unified framework for social scientific analysis. Uskali Mäki distinguishes between derivational and ontological unification and argues that the latter should serve as a constraint for the former. (...)
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  38. Political Philosophy of Science in Logical Empiricism: The Left Vienna Circle.Thomas Uebel - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (4):754-773.
  39.  62
    The Role of Case Study Research in Political Science: Evidence for Causal Claims.Sharon Crasnow - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (5):655-666.
    Political science research, particularly in international relations and comparative politics, has increasingly become dominated by statistical and formal approaches. The promise of these approaches shifted the methodological emphasis away from case study research. In response, supporters of case study research argue that case studies provide evidence for causal claims that is not available through statistical and formal research methods, and many have advocated multimethod research. I propose a way of understanding the integration of multiple methodologies in which the (...)
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  40.  58
    A Philosophy of Political Myth.Chiara Bottici - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, originally published in 2007, Chiara Bottici argues for a philosophical understanding of political myth. Bottici demonstrates that myth is a process, one of continuous work on a basic narrative pattern that responds to a need for significance. Human beings need meaning in order to master the world they live in, but they also need significance in order to live in a world that is less indifferent to them. This is particularly true in the realm of politics. (...)
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  41.  70
    Otto Neurath: Philosophy Between Science and Politics.Nancy Cartwright, Jordi Cat, Lola Fleck & Thomas E. Uebel (eds.) - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    An international team of four authors, led by distinguished philosopher of science, Nancy Cartwright, and leading scholar of the Vienna Circle, Thomas E. Uebel, have produced this lucid and elegant study of a much-neglected figure. The book, which depicts Neurath's science in the political, economic and intellectual milieu in which it was practised, is divided into three sections: Neurath's biographical background and the socio-political context of his economic ideas; the development of his theory of science; (...)
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  42.  12
    Taking Political Science Seriously: Mixing Methods Makes for a More Contingent but Self-Reflective Discipline: Keith Topper, The Disorder of Political Inquiry. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2005, Ix + 336 Pp.Sanford F. Schram - 2007 - Human Studies 30 (3):275-280.
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  43.  17
    Japan and the Enemies of Open Political Science.David Williams - 1996 - Routledge.
    Japan and the Enemies of Open Political Science argues that Eurocentric blindness is a scientific failing, not a moral one. In a way true of no other political system, Japan's greatness has the potential to enliven and reform almost all the main branches of Western Political Science. David Williams criticizes Western social science, Anglo-American Philosophy and French Theory and explains why mainstream economists, historians of political thought and postculturalists have ignored Japan's modern (...)
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  44.  19
    Otto Neurath: Philosophy Between Science and Politics. [REVIEW]T. A. Ryckman, Nancy Cartwright, Jordi Cat, Lola Fleck & Thomas E. Uebel - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (2):327.
    Four distinguished authors have been brought together to produce this elegant study of a much-neglected figure. The book is divided into three sections: Neurath's biographical background and the economic and social context of his ideas; his theory of science; and the development of his role in debates on Marxist concepts of history and his own conception of science. Coinciding with the emerging serious interest in logical positivism, this timely publication will redress a current imbalance in the history and (...)
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  45.  53
    Philosophy: A New Knowledge and an Alternative Political Science.Thalia Fung - 2006 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 2:23-27.
    Philosophy can enhance communication among new forms of knowledge, existing ones, and those that will arise in light of the heuristic possibilities of the revolutions in science, technology, and thought; it can turn to a reevaluation of all of the culture that humanity has produced for its own welfare and can prevent the loss of the differentiating essences of diverse social groups. In the conjugation of the forms of knowledge, I am interested in the relationship that has emerged (...)
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  46.  1
    Political Science: A Philosophical Analysis.J. Roland Pennock - 1962 - Philosophical Review 71 (3):406-407.
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  47.  20
    Biopolitics: Biologically Oriented Political Philosophy and Political Science.Alexander V. Oleskin - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 50:517-523.
    Biopolitics, originally interpreted as the subfield of political science focusing on biological (evolutionary) factors involved in political behavior, has faced conceptual and organizational differences during the forty-year period of its development. It has recently been redefined as the totality of all applications of biology to social and political concepts, problems and practical issues and concerns. In these new terms, biopolitics represents a promising interdisciplinary area of research, whose potential with respect to political philosophy and (...)
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  48.  7
    Political Science: A Philosophical Analysis.J. Roland Pennock & Vernon Van Dyke - 1962 - Philosophical Review 71 (3):406.
  49.  9
    What, If Anything, is the Philosophy of Political Science?Gianluca Pozzoni - 2020 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 51 (3):289-311.
    Compared to other philosophies of special sciences, the scope, object, and definition of the philosophy of political science remain vague. This article traces this vagueness to the changing subject matter of political science throughout its history, but argues that all social sciences are subject to radical changes in what count as their defining characteristics. Accordingly, the only legitimate definition of “philosophy of political science” is “the philosophical study of whatever happens to conventionally (...)
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  50. Public Philosophy: Essays on Morality in Politics.Michael J. Sandel - 2005 - Harvard University Press.
    In this book, Michael Sandel takes up some of the hotly contested moral and political issues of our time, including affirmative action, assisted suicide, ...
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