Results for 'Politics of Science'

999 found
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  1. Hobbes and Locke the Politics of Freedom and Obligation.W. von Leyden & London School of Economics and Political Science - 1981
     
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  2.  43
    What If We Were Already in the In-Between? Further Ventures Into the Ontologies of Science and Politics.Casper Bruun Jensen - 2013 - Foundations of Science 18 (2):331-336.
    What follows from the suggestion to pay attention to what is in-between science and politics? Karen François’s paper “In-between science and politics” follows Latour in arguing for the need for political theory to get out of the Platonic cave that it still inhabits. Political theory needs to be brought into the wild through empirical studies of how science and politics in fact intermix. And the Latourian proposition needs to be strengthened by focusing on the (...)
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  3.  12
    The Dialectic of Politics and Science From a Post-Truth Standpoint.Steve Fuller - 2018 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 55 (2):59-74.
    This chapter takes off from Max Weber’s famous lectures on poli­tics and science as ‘vocations’ to explore the concept of ‘modal power’, that is, the power to determine what is possible. Politics and science are complementarily concerned with modal power, in ways that go to the heart of Michael Dummett’s influential metaphysical characterisation of the antirealism/realism distinc­tion, which the chapter pursues across several philosophical fields, including logic, epistemology, jurisprudence and finally historiog­raphy. The chapter adopts a ‘post-truth’ perspective (...)
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  4. Science Amidst Religion: The Politics of Knowledge.Koshy Tharakan - 2008 - Current Science 94 (6):714.
  5.  40
    The Politics and Contexts of Soviet Science Studies (Naukovedenie): Soviet Philosophy of Science at the Crossroads.Elena Aronova - 2011 - Studies in East European Thought 63 (3):175-202.
    Naukovedenie (literarily meaning ‘science studies’), was first institutionalized in the Soviet Union in the twenties, then resurfaced and was widely publicized in the sixties, as a new mode of reflection on science, its history, its intellectual foundations, and its management, after which it dominated Soviet historiography of science until perestroika . Tracing the history of meta-studies of science in the USSR from its early institutionalization in the twenties when various political, theoretical and institutional struggles set the (...)
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  6.  32
    Against the Politics of Postmodern Philosophy of Science.Dimitri Ginev - 2005 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 19 (2):191 – 208.
    This paper discusses the tenets of the politics of postmodern philosophy of science. At issue are Rouse's version of naturalism and his reading of Quine's distinction between the indeterminacy of translation and the underdetermination of theories by empirical evidence. I argue that the postmodern approach to science's research practices as patterns of interaction within the world is not in line with the naturalistic account Rouse aims at. I focus also on Rouse's readings of Heidegger's existential conception of (...)
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  7.  46
    Science, Philosophy, and Politics in the Work of J. B. S. Haldane, 1922–1937.Sahotra Sarkar - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (4):385-409.
    This paper analyzes the interaction between science, philosophy and politics (including ideology) in the early work of J. B. S. Haldane (from 1922 to 1937). This period is particularly important, not only because it is the period of Haldane's most significant biological work (both in biochemistry and genetics), but also because it is during this period that his philosophical and political views underwent their most significant transformation. His philosophical stance first changed from a radical organicism to a position (...)
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  8. Stoppard’s Hapgood and the Drama of Politics and Science.Corey Abel - 2006 - Perspectives on Political Science 35 (3):143-148.
    This paper presents a detailed analysis of Stoppard's "Hapgood," in order present two related arguments. First, due to the modal differences between science and human conduct, the play must relegate science to a secondary role, in spite of the apparent primacy of science as the engine of the play's theme and plot. Second, while the drama hinges on its presentation of a fictive world very much patterned after the world of human conduct, drawing on love, friendship, patriotism, (...)
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  9. The Politics of Certainty: Conceptions of Science in an Age of Uncertainty.Carl A. Rubino - 2000 - Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (4):499-508.
    The prestige of science, derived from its claims to certainty, has adversely affected the humanities. There is, in fact, a “politics of certainty”. Our ability to predict events in a limited sphere has been idealized, engendering dangerous illusions about our power to control nature and eliminate time. In addition, the perception and propagation of science as a bearer of certainty has served to legitimate harmful forms of social, sexual, and political power. Yet, as Ilya Prigogine has argued, (...)
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  10.  10
    Ravecca, Paulo. . The Politics of Political Science. Re-Writing Latin American Experiences. New York, Estados Unidos de América: Routledge. 275 p. [REVIEW]David Cardozo Santiago - 2019 - Las Torres de Lucca. International Journal of Political Philosophy 8 (15):251-256.
    “La política es la continuación de la guerra por otros medios.” Así rezaba la inversión del clásico aforismo de Clausewitz pronunciada por Michel Foucault en su curso del Collège de France 1975-1976 y ahondaba: “la política es la sanción y la prórroga del desequilibrio de fuerzas manifestado en la guerra”. Esta concepción agonística de la política es el suelo sobre el que se levanta The politics of political science. Re-Writing Latin American Experiences, de Paulo Ravecca, quien no duda (...)
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  11.  4
    Morality Through Inquiry, Motive Through Rhetoric: The Politics of Science and Religion in the Epoch of the Anthropocene.Nathan Crick - 2019 - Zygon 54 (3):648-664.
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  12. What's New About the Politics of Science?Daniel J. Kevles - 2006 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (3):761-778.
    Since the 1970s, a sea change has marked the politics of science in the United States. In the quarter century after World War II, a broad, bipartisan consensus prevailed on the promotion and uses of science in American society: first, that the federal government should support research and training in technically meritorious fields of likely long-term benefit to national defense, the economy, and health; second, that the benefits of this investment should be developed into useful products by (...)
     
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  13.  13
    The Passion and Politics of Science.Steven French - 2007 - Metascience 16 (3):469-473.
  14.  14
    The Millenarian Turn: Millenarian Contexts of Science, Politics, and Everyday Anglo-American Life in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Vol. 3 of Millenarianism and Messianism in Early Modern European Culture (Review).W. Clark Gilpin - 2002 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (4):549-550.
    W. Clark Gilpin - The Millenarian Turn: Millenarian Contexts of Science, Politics, and Everyday Anglo-American Life in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Vol. 3 of Millenarianism and Messianism in Early Modern European Culture - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40:4 Journal of the History of Philosophy 40.4 549-550 Book Review The Millenarian Turn: Millenarian Contexts of Science, Politics, and Everyday Anglo-American Life in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries James E. Force and Richard H. Popkin, editors. (...)
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  15.  15
    Property, Patronage, and the Politics of Science: The Founding of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.Steven Shapin - 1974 - British Journal for the History of Science 7 (1):1-41.
    The institutionalization of natural knowledge in the form of a scientific society may be interpreted in several ways. If we wish to view science as something apart, unchanging in its intellectual nature, we may regard the scientific enterprise as presenting to the sustaining social system a number of absolute and necessary organizational demands: for example, scientific activity requires acceptance as an important social activity valued for its own sake, that is, it requires autonomy; it is separate from other forms (...)
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  16.  15
    Science, Politics and the Production of Biological Knowledge: New Trends and Old Challenges.Abigail Nieves Delgado - 2018 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 49 (3):467-473.
    In the history of biology, knowledge about human differences often has been produced through an interaction with politics and values assumed to be external to science. Two recent books—Jonathan Marks’ Is Science Racist? and Maurizio Meloni’s Political Biology—shed new light on this interplay. While Marks looks into the field of anthropology, Meloni offers a historiographical view on the soft-hard heredity debate. Based on these new contributions, this essay addresses a number of current ways in which society and (...)
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  17. Science, Politics and the Production of Biological Knowledge: New Trends and Old Challenges: Jonathan Marks: Is Science Racist? Polity Press, Cambridge, 2017, 142 Pp, Hardcover €44.74, ISBN: 9780745689210 Maurizio Meloni: Political Biology. Science and Social Values in Human Heredity From Eugenics to Epigenetics. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016, 284 Pp, Hardcover $150.00, ISBN: 9780199692026. [REVIEW]Abigail Nieves Delgado - 2018 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 49 (3):467-473.
    In the history of biology, knowledge about human differences often has been produced through an interaction with politics and values assumed to be external to science. Two recent books—Jonathan Marks’ Is Science Racist? and Maurizio Meloni’s Political Biology—shed new light on this interplay. While Marks looks into the field of anthropology, Meloni offers a historiographical view on the soft-hard heredity debate. Based on these new contributions, this essay addresses a number of current ways in which society and (...)
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  18. Politics and Science: A Series of Lessons.Neal Lane - 2006 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (3):861-874.
    In this paper, Neal Lane describes some lessons he learned about science and politics from his seven years in Washington, serving in the Clinton Administration, first as Director of the National Science Foundation and then as Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy.
     
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  19. The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations: Philosophy of Science and its Implications for the Study of World Politics.Patrick Thaddeus Jackson - 2010 - Routledge.
    __The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations_ first edition was winner of the ISA-Northeast’s Yale H. Ferguson Award, and the ISA Theory Section’s Best Book of the Year award._ _The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations_ provides an introduction to the philosophy of science issues and their implications for the study of global politics. The author draws attention to the problems caused by the misleading notion of a single unified scientific method, and proposes a framework that clarifies the (...)
     
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  20.  34
    Reason, Politics, and the Politics of Truth: How Science is Both Autonomous and Dependent.Richard Harvey Brown & Elizabeth L. Malone - 2004 - Sociological Theory 22 (1):106-122.
    The concept of "science" usually includes commitments to reason, objectivity, and disinterest in the search for truth about the nature of the world. In this view, politics, in the sense of maneuvering to gain power, corrupts both the process and the product of science. However, we show that science is political through and through-in the process of constructing scientific knowledge, in maintaining disciplines, and in being responsive to partisan sponsorship. Nevertheless, the practitioners of both science (...)
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  21. What is Justice?: Justice, Law, and Politics in the Mirror of Science: Collected Essays.Hans Kelsen - 1957 - Lawbook Exchange.
    What is justice? -- The idea of justice in the Holy Scriptures -- Platonic justice -- Aristotle's doctrine of justice -- The natural-law doctrine before the tribunal of science -- A "dynamic" theory of natural law -- Absolutism and relativism in philosophy and politics -- Value judgments in the science of law -- The law as a specific social technique -- Why should the law be obeyed? -- The pure theory of the law and analytical jurisprudence -- (...)
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  22.  10
    Arendt and the Authority of Science in Politics.Robert P. Crease - 2017 - Arendt Studies 1:43-60.
    Arendt’s explorations of the dynamics of politics, facts, and truth in the public sphere contain important insights into the authority of science and science denial. This article reviews and contextualizes Arendt’s views on modern science and technology, discusses her views on authority, and identifies some insights that her writings provide on the dynamics of science denial. Arendt’s writings point to another possible source of authority besides Weber’s three categories, based on a relationship between ruler and (...)
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  23. The Politics of Postmodern Philosophy of Science.Joseph Rouse - 1991 - Philosophy of Science 58 (4):607-627.
    Modernism in the philosophy of science demands a unified story about what makes an inquiry scientific (or a successful science). Fine's "natural ontological attitude" (NOA) is "postmodern" in joining trust in local scientific practice with suspicion toward any global interpretation of science to legitimate or undercut that trust. I consider four readings of this combination of trust and suspicion and their consequences for the autonomy and cultural credibility of the sciences. Three readings take respectively Fine's trusting attitude, (...)
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  24.  11
    Science and Politics in the Philosophy of Science: Popper, Kuhn, and Polanyi.Mary Jo Nye - 2010 - In Claus Zittel & Moritz Epple (eds.), Science as Cultural Practice: Vol. I: Cultures and Politics of Research From the Early Modern Period to the Age of Extremes. Akademie Verlag. pp. 201-216.
  25. Philosophy of Social Science: The Methods, Ideals, and Politics of Social Inquiry.Michael Root - 1993 - Blackwell.
    This book is a critical introduction to the philosophy of social science. While most social scientists maintain that the social sciences should stand free of politics, this book argues that they should be politically partisan. Root offers a clear description and provocative criticism of many of the methods and ideals that guide research and teaching in the social sciences.
     
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  26.  17
    Science and the Politics of Hunger.Mary Tiles - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):174.
    The problem of hunger is a problem of the inequitable distribution of food entitlements. I argue that 'modern' science is implicated in the current form of this problem and that it can only contribute to its resolution, rather than exacerbation, if the forms of its implication are acknowledged. But this requires acceptance of the claim that science is not value-neutral. In part this paper is also an examination, in a particular problem context, of some dimensions of disputes over (...)
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  27.  60
    The Attempt on the Life of the Tree of Life: Science, Philosophy and Politics.W. Ford Doolittle - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (4):455-473.
    Lateral gene transfer, the exchange of genetic information between lineages, not only makes construction of a universal Tree of Life difficult to achieve, but calls into question the utility and meaning of any result. Here I review the science of prokaryotic LGT, the philosophy of the TOL as it figured in Darwin’s formulation of the Theory of Evolution, and the politics of the current debate within the discipline over how threats to the TOL should be represented outside it. (...)
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  28. The New Politics of Materialism: History, Philosophy, Science.Sarah Ellenzweig & John H. Zammito (eds.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    New materialism challenges conventional theories of understanding human being and subjectivity, which it regards as shaped by mechanistic models characteristic of early modern philosophy that regarded matter as largely passive. Instead it gives weight to topics often overlooked in such accounts: the body, the role of affect and the emotions, gender, temporality, agency and vitalism. This collection, which includes an international roster of contributors from philosophy, history, literature and science, is the first to ask what is 'new' about the (...)
     
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  29.  28
    Leo Strauss, Political Science, and the Trouble with a “Great Books” Approach to the Study of Politics.Jason Blakely - forthcoming - Journal of the Philosophy of History.
    _ Source: _Page Count 21 I argue that Leo Strauss’s critique of political science has been deeply misunderstood. Moreover, once the true nature of Strauss’s critique is clarified, I argue that he does not provide a viable alternative to contemporary political science. Instead, his philosophy has mostly justified a “great books” approach to the study of politics, which has contributed to the self-isolation of political theory from the rest of political science. Political theorists should seek new (...)
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  30.  8
    Politics of Science: Unwarranted Encounters.Tanuj Kanchan & Kewal Krishan - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (5):1561-1563.
    This communication highlights a very pertinent and recent case of an erroneous representation of the Indian borders in an article ‘India by the numbers’ by Richard Van Noorden in Nature where a considerable part of the Jammu and Kashmir State of India is missing in the map incorporated in the article. The article received a series of comments showing disappointment on the issue and a need for the correction to the depicted Indian borders. The editor instead of making corrections to (...)
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  31.  12
    A Theory of Everything: An Integral Vision for Business, Politics, Science, and Spirituality.Ken Wilber - 2000 - Shambhala.
    Wilber's most timely, accessible, and practical work to date. Here is a concise, comprehensive overview of Wilber's revolutionary thought and its application in today's world. Wilber has long been hailed as one of the most important thinkers of our time, but--until now--his work has seemed inaccessible to the general reader who lacks a background in consciousness studies or evolutionary theory. Integral Vision will allow a general audience to fully understand what all the excitement has been about. In clear, non-technical language, (...)
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  32.  18
    The New Science of Politics: An Introduction.Eric Voegelin - 1952 - University of Chicago Press.
    "Thirty-five years ago few could have predicted that The New Science of Politics would be a best-seller by political theory standards. Compressed within the Draconian economy of the six Walgreen lectures is a complete theory of man, society, and history, presented at the most profound and intellectual level. . . . Voegelin's [work] stands out in bold relief from much of what has passed under the name of political science in recent decades. . . . The New (...)
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  33.  16
    Einstein's Jewish Science: Physics at the Intersection of Politics and Religion.Steven Gimbel - 2012 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Introduction : Einstein's Jewish science -- Is Einstein a Jew? -- Is relativity pregnant with Jewish concepts? -- Why did a Jew formulate the theory of relativity? -- Is the theory of relativity political science or scientific politics? -- Einstein and the Jewish intelligentsia -- Einstein's liberal science? -- Conclusion : Einstein's cosmopolitan science.
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  34. Appeals to Experience in Hobbes’ Science of Politics.Tom Sorell - 2019 - In Alberto Vanzo & Peter R. Anstey (eds.), Experiment, Speculation and Religion in Early Modern Philosophy. New York: Routledge.
    This chapter examines the role of experience in Thomas Hobbes’ science of politics. Although Hobbes claims for his own formulation of civil philosophy a kind of definitiveness and certainty that only geometry has among the sciences, and although both geometry and civil philosophy are supposed to be the products of reason, where reason excludes experience (sense and memory), the necessity of establishing and submitting to the commonwealth is open to a certain sort of confirmation from experience. This is (...)
     
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  35.  28
    Hermann Cohen's Das Prinzip der Infinitesimalmethode, Ernst Cassirer, and the Politics of Science in Wilhelmine Germany.Gregory B. Moynahan - 2003 - Perspectives on Science 11 (1):35-75.
    Few texts summarize and at the same time compound the challenges of their author's philosophy so sharply as Hermann Cohen's Das Prinzip der Infinitesimalmethode und seine Geschichte . The book's meaning and style are greatly illuminated by placing it in the scientific, political, and academic context of late-nineteenth century Germany. As this context changed, so did both the reception of the philosophy of the infinitesimal and of the Marburg school more generally. A study of this transformation casts significant light on (...)
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  36.  94
    The Imagined and Wished for Imperium of Reason and Science: Russell's Empiricism and its Relation to His and Our Ethics and Politics.Richard E. Flathman - 1996 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 26 (2):162-180.
    During most of his long philosophical career, Bertrand Russell was a strong moral subjectivist or emotivist who argued that ethics, because it cannot hope to arrive at truth, is not properly a part of either science or philosophy. In several works, however, most notably Philosophy and Politics and Human Society in Ethics and Politics, he attempted to bring his empiricism and his philosophy of science to bear on moral and other axiological questions. In these writings, he (...)
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  37.  10
    Freud’s Lamarckism’ and the Politics of Racial Science.Eliza Slavet - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (1):37 - 80.
    This article re-contextualizes Sigmund Freud's interest in the idea of the inheritance of acquired characteristics in terms of the socio-political connotations of Lamarckism and Darwinism in the 1930s and 1950s. Many scholars have speculated as to why Freud continued to insist on a supposedly outmoded theory of evolution in the 1930s even as he was aware that it was no longer tenable. While Freud's initial interest in the inheritance of phylogenetic memory was not necessarily politically motivated, his refusal to abandon (...)
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  38.  56
    Deleuze and Guattari and the Future of Politics: Science Fiction, Protocols and the People to Come.Ronald Bogue - 2011 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 5 (Suppl):77-97.
    When is the future? Is it to come or is it already here? This question serves as the frame for three further questions: why is utopia a bad concept and in what way is fabulation its superior counterpart? If the object of fabulation is the creation of a people to come, how do we get from the present to the future? And what is a people to come? The answers are that the future is both now and to come, now (...)
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  39.  10
    Nils Roll-Hansen, the Lysenko Effect: The Politics of Science. New York: Humanity Books, 2005. Pp. 335. Isbn 1-59102-262-2. £17.99. [REVIEW]Andy Hammond - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Science 40 (2):309-310.
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  40.  8
    The Politics of Science Before Scientism. [REVIEW]Mark Brown - 2014 - Isis 105 (1):164-166.
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  41.  6
    What About Participation, Governance and Politics? Remarks on Contemporary Techno-Science and the Field of STS.Dominique Pestre - 2010 - In Claus Zittel & Moritz Epple (eds.), Science as Cultural Practice: Vol. I: Cultures and Politics of Research From the Early Modern Period to the Age of Extremes. Akademie Verlag. pp. 163-182.
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  42.  5
    Francis Bacon and the Politics of Science by John E. Leary. [REVIEW]Stephen Pumfrey - 1998 - Isis 89:721-722.
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  43.  4
    Karl Compton, Isaiah Bowman, and the Politics of Science in the Great Depression.Robert Kargon & Elizabeth Hodes - 1985 - Isis 76:300-318.
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  44. The Science, the Ethics, the Politics: the socio-cultural aspects of modern genetics.Valentin Cheshko & Valentin Kulinichenko (eds.) - 2004 - Parapan.
    Modern genetics becomes a bridge between the natural sciences, humanities and social practtoon the social life of biomedicine and genetics this branch of science makes these branches of science by comparable in their socio-forming role to politics and economics factors. The research objective of this paper is theoretical analysis of social and cultural challenges posed by the development of basic genetics and genetic technologies. The problems of this book may be attributed to the new field of (...), formed at the intersection of genetics and sociology, which was called "social Genetics" (community genetics). In the field of philosophy and methodology of science, its goal is a comparative historical-scientific and philosophical and methodological analysis of general mechanisms of evolution of the dual socio-cultural and scientific paradigms. (shrink)
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  45. Politics of Science in India.Sunil Sondhi - 1992 - In Jayant Vishnu Narlikar, Indu Banga & Chhanda Gupta (eds.), Philosophy of Science: Perspectives From Natural and Social Sciences. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers. pp. 40--237.
     
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  46.  61
    Putting Pragmatism to Work in the Cold War: Science, Technology, and Politics in the Writings of James B. Conant.Justin Biddle - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (4):552-561.
    This paper examines James Conant’s pragmatic theory of science – a theory that has been neglected by most commentators on the history of 20th-century philosophy of science – and it argues that this theory occupied an important place in Conant’s strategic thinking about the Cold War. Conant drew upon his wartime science policy work, the history of science, and Quine’s epistemological holism to argue that there is no strict distinction between science and technology, that there (...)
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  47.  43
    The Politics and Philosophy of Anti-Science.David E. Tabachnick - 2005 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 9 (1):27-43.
  48.  28
    The Politics of Anti-Creationism: The Committees of Correspondence. [REVIEW]Hee-Joo Park - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (2):349 - 370.
    When the creationism issue rose to the surface in the late 1970s, an organized opposition to the creationist campaign came from an unexpected source. Local groups of rank and file evolution defenders, led by a retired biology teacher, organized a grassroots network of anti-creationism called the Committees of Correspondence. They basically approached the creationism issue as a political rather than a scientific problem and fought the battle on local fronts, where creationists were heavily engaged in legal campaigns to include their (...)
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  49. Economics: Mathematical Politics or Science of Diminishing Returns?Alexander Rosenberg - 1992 - University of Chicago Press.
    Economics today cannot predict the likely outcome of specific events any better than it could in the time of Adam Smith. This is Alexander Rosenberg's controversial challenge to the scientific status of economics. Rosenberg explains that the defining characteristic of any science is predictive improvability--the capacity to create more precise forecasts by evaluating the success of earlier predictions--and he forcefully argues that because economics has not been able to increase its predictive power for over two centuries, it is not (...)
  50. Religion and the Politics of Science: Can Evolutionary Biology Be Religiously Neutral?R. Audi - 2009 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (1-2):23-50.
    This article examines the permissibility of teaching evolution in the public schools of a religiously diverse society. Science is committed to methodological naturalism, which is a limited epistemological position that is silent on issues of religious importance. The article argues that it is possible to teach evolution under the assumptions of methodological naturalism without violating the principle, of secular rationale or the neutrality principle which apply to religion in a pluralistic democracy. However, neither creationism nor Intelligent Design qualify for (...)
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