Results for 'Pollock Joey'

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  1.  37
    Conceptual Engineering and Semantic Deference.Joey Pollock - 2019 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 12:81-98.
    Many ameliorative projects aim at moral goods such as social equality. For example, the amelioration of the concept MARRIAGE forms part of efforts to achieve equal rights for the LGBT+ community. What does implementation of such an ameliorated concept consist in? In this paper, I argue that, for some ameliorated concepts, successful implementation requires that individuals eschew semantic deference, at least with respect to relevant dimensions of the concept. My argument appeals to consideration of the aims of conceptual engineers engaged (...)
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  2.  41
    Content Internalism and Conceptual Engineering.Joey Pollock - 2020 - Synthese 198 (12):11587-11605.
    Cappelen proposes a radically externalist framework for conceptual engineering. This approach embraces the following two theses. Firstly, the mechanisms that underlie conceptual engineering are inscrutable: they are too complex, unstable and non-systematic for us to grasp. Secondly, the process of conceptual engineering is largely beyond our control. One might think that these two theses are peculiar to the Austerity Framework, or to metasemantic externalism more generally. However, Cappelen argues that there is no reason to think that internalism avoids either commitment. (...)
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  3.  98
    Social Externalism and the Problem of Communication.Joey Pollock - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (12):3229-3251.
    Social externalism must allow that subjects can misunderstand the content of their own thoughts. I argue that we can exploit this commitment to create a dilemma for the view’s account of communication. To arrive at the first horn of the dilemma, I argue that, on social externalism, it is understanding which is the measure of communicative success. This would be a highly revisionary account of communication. The only way that the social externalist can salvage the claim that mental content is (...)
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  4.  26
    Linguistic Understanding and Testimonial Warrant.Joey Pollock - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-21.
    How much linguistic understanding is required for testimonial knowledge acquisition? One answer is that, so long as we grasp the content expressed by the speaker, it does not matter if our understanding of it is poor. Call this the ‘Liberal View’ of testimony. This approach looks especially promising when combined with the thesis that we share a public language that makes it easy to grasp the right content. In this paper, I argue that this picture is epistemically problematic. Poor linguistic (...)
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  5.  29
    Holism, Conceptual Role, and Conceptual Similarity.Joey Pollock - 2020 - Philosophical Psychology 33 (3):396-420.
    Holistic views of content claim that we each speak and think in distinct and idiosyncratic idiolects: although we may often entertain thoughts with similar contents, the content of our thoughts can...
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  6.  12
    Content Internalism and Testimonial Knowledge.Joey Pollock - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    It is commonly assumed that content preservation is required for success in testimonial exchanges. Many content internalists, however, cannot endorse this assumption. They must claim instead that testimonial exchanges can often succeed when the content grasped by the hearer is not the content of the speaker’s testimony, p, but some merely similar content, p*. Goldberg (2007. Anti-Individualism: Mind and Language, Knowledge and Justification. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) argues that this internalist approach is epistemically problematic: it cannot maintain certain features thought (...)
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  7. Review of Brown and Cappelen, Assertion (Oxford University Press). [REVIEW]Allan Hazlett, Robin McKenna & Joey Pollock - 2012 - Mind 121 (483):784-788.
  8. The Unity of Linguistic Meaning, by John Collins. Oxford: Oxford. [REVIEW]Allan Hazlett, Robin Mckenna & Joey Pollock - 2012 - Mind 121 (483):483.
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  9.  49
    Which Method(s) for Conceptual Engineering?Manuel Gustavo Isaac, Belleri Delia, Brun Georg, Decock Lieven, Koch Steffen, Pollock Joey & Reuter Kevin - forthcoming - In Hanne Andersen, Benedikt Löwe, Hasok Chang & Tomas Marvan (eds.), Proceedings of the Congress for Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science and Technology 2019. London: College Publications.
  10.  12
    Joey Smallwood Talks With Russell.Joey Smallwood - 1992 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies.
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  11.  10
    Joey Smallwood Talks With Russell.Joey Smallwood - 1992 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 12.
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  12. Pollock on Probability in Epistemology. [REVIEW]Branden Fitelson - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 148 (3):455 - 465.
    In Thinking and Acting John Pollock offers some criticisms of Bayesian epistemology, and he defends an alternative understanding of the role of probability in epistemology. Here, I defend the Bayesian against some of Pollock's criticisms, and I discuss a potential problem for Pollock's alternative account.
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  13. Pollock and Sturgeon on Defeaters.Albert Casullo - 2018 - Synthese 195 (7):2897-2906.
    Scott Sturgeon has recently challenged Pollock’s account of undercutting defeaters. The challenge involves three primary contentions: the account is both too strong and too weak, undercutting defeaters exercise their power to defeat only in conjunction with higher-order beliefs about the basis of the lower-order beliefs whose justification they target, and since rebutting defeaters exercise their power to defeat in isolation, rebutting and undercutting defeaters work in fundamentally different ways. My goal is to reject each of these contentions. I maintain (...)
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  14. Griselda Pollock 90.Griselda Pollock - 2007 - In Diarmuid Costello & Jonathan Vickery (eds.), Art: Key Contemporary Thinkers. Berg. pp. 89.
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  15.  54
    Interview by Genevieve Pollock of ZENIT, with Newman Scholar Joseph Pearce.Genevieve Pollock & Joseph Pearce - 2010 - The Chesterton Review 36 (3/4):269-270.
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  16.  6
    Thinking About Acting: Logical Foundations for Rational Decision Making.John L. Pollock - 2006 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press USA.
    John Pollock aims to construct a theory of rational decision making for real agents--not ideal agents. Pollock argues that theories of ideal rationality are largely irrelevant to the decision making of real agents. Thinking about Acting aims to provide a theory of "real rationality.".
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  17.  20
    Listen, Follow Me: Dynamic Vocal Signals of Dominance Predict Emergent Social Rank in Humans.Joey T. Cheng, Jessica L. Tracy, Simon Ho & Joseph Henrich - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (5):536-547.
  18.  85
    The Foundations of Philosophical Semantics.John L. Pollock - 1984 - Princeton University Press.
    Princeton University Press, 984. This book is out of print, but can be downloaded as a pdf file (3.9 MB).
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  19.  26
    Top–Down Modulation on the Perception and Categorization of Identical Pitch Contours in Speech and Music.Joey L. Weidema, M. P. Roncaglia-Denissen & Henkjan Honing - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  20.  31
    Pollock on Practical Reasoning.David Hitchcock - 2002 - Informal Logic 22 (3).
    The epistemologist John Pollock has implemented computationally an architecture for a rational agent which he calls OSCAR. OSCAR models both practical and theoretical (or epistemic) reasoning. I argue that Pollock's model of practical reasoning, which has seven components, is superior not only to the two-component belief-desire model stemming from Aristotle, but also to the three-component belief-desire-intention model developed especially by Michael Bratman. Despite its advantages, Pollock's model of practical reasoning is incomplete in at least three respects: it (...)
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  21.  89
    Rational Choice and Action Omnipotence.John L. Pollock - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (1):1-23.
    Counterexamples are constructed for the theory of rational choice that results from a direct application of classical decision theory to ordinary actions. These counterexamples turn on the fact that an agent may be unable to perform an action, and may even be unable to try to perform an action. An alternative theory of rational choice is proposed that evaluates actions using a more complex measure, and then it is shown that this is equivalent to applying classical decision theory to "conditional (...)
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  22.  45
    Pollock on Defeasible Reasons.Scott Sturgeon - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 169 (1):105-118.
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  23.  9
    The Social Transmission of Overconfidence.Joey T. Cheng, Cameron Anderson, Elizabeth R. Tenney, Sebastien Brion, Don A. Moore & Jennifer M. Logg - 2021 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 150 (1):157-186.
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  24. Pollock on Defeasible Reasons.Scott Sturgeon - 2012 - Philosophical Studies (1):1-14.
  25. Language and Thought.John L. Pollock - 1982 - Princeton University Press.
    Princeton University Press, 1982. This book is out of print, but can be downloaded as a pdf file (5 MB).
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  26.  23
    Mathematical Proof.John Pollock - 1967 - American Philosophical Quarterly 4 (3):238 - 244.
  27.  15
    Rational Choice and Action Omnipotence.John L. Pollock - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (1):1.
    A theory of rational choice is a theory of how an agent should, rationally, go about deciding what actions to perform at any given time. For example, I may want to decide whether to go to a movie this evening or stay home and read a book. The actions between which we want to choose are perfectly ordinary actions, and the presumption is that to make such a decision we should attend to the likely consequences of our decision. It is (...)
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  28. The Structure of Defeat: Pollock's Evidentialism, Lackey's Framework, and Prospects for Reliabilism.Peter J. Graham & Jack C. Lyons - forthcoming - In Jessica Brown & Mona Simion (eds.), Reasons, Justification, and Defeaters. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    Epistemic defeat is standardly understood in either evidentialist or responsibilist terms. The seminal treatment of defeat is an evidentialist one, due to John Pollock, who famously distinguishes between undercutting and rebutting defeaters. More recently, an orthogonal distinction due to Jennifer Lackey has become widely endorsed, between so-called doxastic (or psychological) and normative defeaters. We think that neither doxastic nor normative defeaters, as Lackey understands them, exist. Both of Lackey’s categories of defeat derive from implausible assumptions about epistemic responsibility. Although (...)
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  29.  57
    Gaze Allocation in a Dynamic Situation: Effects of Social Status and Speaking.Tom Foulsham, Joey T. Cheng, Jessica L. Tracy, Joseph Henrich & Alan Kingstone - 2010 - Cognition 117 (3):319-331.
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  30.  39
    Defeasible Reasoning and Degrees of Justification.Pollock & L. John - 2010 - Argument and Computation 1 (1):7-22.
  31.  2
    Cognitive Carpentry a Blueprint for How to Build a Person.John L. Pollock - 1995 - MIT Press.
    In his groundbreaking new book, John Pollock establishes an outpost at the crossroads where artificial intelligence meets philosophy. Specifically, he proposes a general theory of rationality and then describes its implementation in OSCAR, an architecture for an autonomous rational agent he claims is the "first AI system capable of performing reasoning that philosophers would regard as epistemically sophisticated." A sequel to Pollock's How to Build a Person, this volume builds upon that theoretical groundwork for the implementation of rationality (...)
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  32.  38
    Cognitive Carpentry: A Blueprint for How to Build a Person.John L. Pollock - 1995 - MIT Press.
    "A sequel to Pollock's How to Build a Person, this volume builds upon that theoretical groundwork for the implementation of rationality through artificial ...
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  33.  3
    Lectures and Essays.William Kingdon Clifford, Frederick Pollock & Leslie Stephen (eds.) - 1879 - Macmillan.
    A fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, and of the Royal Society, William Clifford made his reputation in applied mathematics, but his interests ranged far more widely, encompassing ethics, evolution, metaphysics and philosophy of mind. This posthumously collected two-volume work, first published in 1879, bears witness to the dexterity and eclecticism of this Victorian thinker, whose commitment to the most abstract principles of mathematics and the most concrete details of human experience resulted in vivid and often unexpected arguments. Volume 1 includes (...)
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  34.  1
    A Deep Learning Framework for Hybrid Heterogeneous Transfer Learning.Joey Tianyi Zhou, Sinno Jialin Pan & Ivor W. Tsang - 2019 - Artificial Intelligence 275:310-328.
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  35. Contemporary Theories of Knowledge.John L. Pollock - 1986 - Hutchinson.
    This new edition of the classic Contemporary Theories of Knowledge has been significantly updated to include analyses of the recent literature in epistemology.
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  36. Sociology: The Good, the Bad, and the Public.Joey Sprague - 2008 - Gender and Society 22 (6):697-704.
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  37.  2
    Holy Men and Big Guns: The Can[N]on in Social Theory.Joey Sprague - 1997 - Gender and Society 11 (1):88-107.
    Theory in sociology is constructed as a canon, a very short list of social theorists who have been endowed with suprahistorical status. Drawing on the feminist analysis of gendered consciousness, the author argues that social theory is organized exactly as it should be if one were thinking like a White male capitalist. The perceptual frameworks it employs—a hierarchy of the social, logical dichotomies, decontextualized abstraction, an individualist approach—resonate well with descriptions of hegemonic masculine consciousness. As a result, social theory has (...)
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  38.  17
    Perceived Social Change, Parental Control, and Family Relations: A Comparison of Chinese Families in Hong Kong, Mainland China, and the United States.Joey Fung, Joanna J. Kim, Joel Jin, Qiaobing Wu, Chao Fang & Anna S. Lau - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  39.  38
    Complicating Power in High-Tech Reproduction: Narratives of Anonymous Paid Egg Donors. [REVIEW]Anne Pollock - 2003 - Journal of Medical Humanities 24 (3-4):241-263.
    This paper is informed by my own participant observation and uses my own ethnography which included conducting in-depth interviews with anonymous paid egg donors and observing a listserv for women considering, pursuing, or having completed egg donation, to illustrate the way that power operates at this particular site of the reproductive center in postmodernity. After outlining who the consumers and providers of eggs are, I will use Foucault's concepts of biopower, disciplinary power, and normativity to describe how anonymous paid egg (...)
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  40.  2
    Frederick Pollock and the English Juristic Tradition.Neil Duxbury - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Frederick Pollock and the English Juristic Tradition provides the first detailed historical account of one of England's great jurists. Drawing upon a vast array of sources, Neil Duxbury examines Pollock's career, jurisprudence, philosophy of the common law, treatise writing, and editorial initiatives, and shows that Pollock's contribution to the development of English law and juristic inquiry is both complex and crucial.Readership: Scholars and students of legal history and legal thought, barristers, and judges.
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  41.  42
    Pollock on Rational Choice and Trying.Peter K. Mcinerney - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 129 (2):253-261.
    In everyday life people frequently recognize that a person at a time may be more or less strongly motivated to carry out an intentional action and that “trying harder” frequently affects the successful completion of an intentional action. In “Rational Choice and Action Omnipotence,” John Pollock provides an original account of rational choice in which “trying to do an action” is a basic factor. This paper argues that Pollock’s “expected-utility optimality prescription” is deficient because it lacks a parameter (...)
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  42.  37
    How to Build a Person: A Prolegomenon.John L. Pollock - 1989 - MIT Press.
    Pollock describes an exciting theory of rationality and its partial implementation in OSCAR, a computer system whose descendants will literally be persons.
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  43.  34
    The World as Will: Wang Kuo-Wei and the Philosophy of Metaphysical Pessimism.Joey Bonner - 1979 - Philosophy East and West 29 (4):443-466.
  44.  52
    Nomic Probability and the Foundations of Induction.John L. Pollock - 1990 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
    In this book Pollock deals with the subject of probabilistic reasoning, making general philosophical sense of objective probabilities and exploring their ...
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  45.  22
    Thinking About an Object.John L. Pollock - 1980 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 5 (1):487-500.
  46.  44
    Gossip as an Effective and Low-Cost Form of Punishment.Matthew Feinberg, Joey T. Cheng & Robb Willer - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (1):25-25.
    The spreading of reputational information about group members through gossip represents a widespread, efficient, and low-cost form of punishment. Research shows that negative arousal states motivate individuals to gossip about the transgressions of group members. By sharing information in this way groups are better able to promote cooperation and maintain social control and order.
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  47.  26
    Joey: A Design Scenario for an Ordinary Life in the Future.Stephen Thompson - 2009 - Technoetic Arts 7 (1):13-29.
    We occupy a fascinating moment in time when the trajectory of technological development is throwing into doubt the certainty of understandings of the boundary between the human and the technological. Perhaps one of the key contributions that industrial designers have made to humankind has been the way in which they have made the extraordinary potentiality of technology seem utterly ordinary: they call it the 'humanisation of technology' . Designers, however, seem to be in something of an intellectual spin; they have (...)
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  48.  1
    What is Hope?Joey Fabela - 2021 - Questions: Philosophy for Young People 21:19-19.
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  49.  5
    Uncanny Encounters: Literature, Psychoanalysis, and the End of Alterity. [REVIEW]Joey S. Kim - 2017 - The European Legacy 22 (5):621-623.
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  50.  3
    Citizen Science Improves the Ethics of Foreign Led Research.Joey Hulbert - 2019 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 9 (1):E8-E9.
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