Results for 'Pradipta Sarkar'

316 found
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  1.  5
    A Conditional Randomization Test to Account for Covariate Imbalance in Randomized Experiments.Jonathan Hennessy, Tirthankar Dasgupta, Luke Miratrix, Cassandra Pattanayak & Pradipta Sarkar - 2016 - Journal of Causal Inference.
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  2. Introductory Note to the Contributions by Sarkar and Thaler.S. Sarkar & D. S. Thaler - 1996 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 183:185-186.
  3. Genetics and Reductionism.Sahotra Sarkar - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    With the advent of the Human Genome Project there have been many claims for the genetic origins of complex human behavior including insanity, criminality, and intelligence. But what does it really mean to call something 'genetic'? This is the fundamental question that Sahotra Sarkar's book addresses. The author analyses the nature of reductionism in classical and molecular genetics. He shows that there are two radically different kinds of reductionist explanation: genetic reduction and physical reduction . This important book clarifies (...)
     
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  4.  42
    Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction.Sahotra Sarkar - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book explores the epistemological and ethical issues at the foundations of environmental philosophy, emphasising the conservation of biodiversity. Sahota Sarkar criticises attempts to attribute intrinsic value to nature and defends an anthropocentric position on biodiversity conservation based on an untraditional concept of transformative value. Unlike other studies in the field of environmental philosophy, this book is as much concerned with epistemological issues as with environmental ethics. It covers a broad range of topics, including problems of explanation and prediction (...)
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  5.  71
    Molecular Models of Life: Philosophical Papers on Molecular Biology.Sahotra Sarkar - 2004 - Bradford.
    Despite the transformation in biological practice and theory brought about by discoveries in molecular biology, until recently philosophy of biology continued to focus on evolutionary biology. When the Human Genome Project got underway in the late 1980s and early 1990s, philosophers of biology -- unlike historians and social scientists -- had little to add to the debate. In this landmark collection of essays, Sahotra Sarkar broadens the scope of current discussions of the philosophy of biology, viewing molecular biology as (...)
  6.  37
    Group Rationality in Scientific Research.Husain Sarkar - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Under what conditions is a group of scientists rational? How would rational scientists collectively agree to make their group more effective? What sorts of negotiations would occur among them and under what conditions? What effect would their final agreement have on science and society? These questions have been central to the philosophy of science for the last two decades. In this 2007 book, Husain Sarkar proposes answers to them by building on classical solutions - the skeptical view, two versions (...)
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  7.  46
    Descartes' Cogito: Saved From the Great Shipwreck.Husain Sarkar - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    Perhaps the most famous proposition in the history of philosophy is Descartes' cogito 'I think, therefore I am'. Husain Sarkar claims in this provocative interpretation of Descartes that the ancient tradition of reading the cogito as an argument is mistaken. It should, he says, be read as an intuition. Through this interpretative lens, the author reconsiders key Cartesian topics: the ideal inquirer, the role of clear and distinct ideas, the relation of these to the will, memory, the nature of (...)
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  8.  43
    Flights of Fancy.Sahotra Sarkar - 2012 - Metascience 21 (2):425-426.
    Flights of fancy Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-2 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9572-y Authors Sahotra Sarkar, Section of Integrative Biology, Department of Philosophy, University of Texas at Austin, Waggener Hall 316, Austin, TX 78712-1180, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  9.  10
    Subalternité et histoire globale.Déborah Cohen, Urs Lindner & Sumit Sarkar - 2011 - Actuel Marx 50 (2):207-217.
    Sumit Sarkar, one of the leading Indian historians of his generation, participated in the Indian-British Subaltern Studies Collective that established new standards in the historiography of colonialism in the 1980’s. In this Interview, Déborah Cohen and Urs Lindner ask him about the achievements and oversights of the Subaltern Studies project, the prospects of global history, Marx’s eurocentrism and the problem of religion.
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  10.  3
    A Sustainable Philosophy—the Work of Bryan Norton.Ben Minteer & Sahotra Sarkar (eds.) - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
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  11. Genetics and Reductionism.Sahotra Sarkar - 2000 - Philosophical Quarterly 50 (198):128-130.
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  12.  19
    Mathematics Anxiety: What Have We Learned in 60 Years?Ann Dowker, Amar Sarkar & Chung Yen Looi - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  13.  25
    Environmental Philosophy: From Theory to Practice.Sahotra Sarkar - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 45 (1):89-91.
    Environmental philosophy is a hybrid discipline drawing extensively from epistemology, ethics, and philosophy of science and analyzing disciplines such as conservation biology, restoration ecology, sustainability studies, and political ecology. The book being discussed both provides an overview of environmental philosophy and develops an anthropocentric framework for it. That framework treats natural values as deep cultural values. Tradeoffs between natural values are analyzed using decision theory to the extent possible, leaving many interesting question for philosophical deliberation. This framework is supposed to (...)
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  14.  72
    Information in Genetics and Developmental Biology: Comments on Maynard Smith.Sahotra Sarkar - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (2):208-213.
  15. Models of Reduction and Categories of Reductionism.Sahotra Sarkar - 1992 - Synthese 91 (3):167-94.
    A classification of models of reduction into three categories — theory reductionism, explanatory reductionism, and constitutive reductionism — is presented. It is shown that this classification helps clarify the relations between various explications of reduction that have been offered in the past, especially if a distinction is maintained between the various epistemological and ontological issues that arise. A relatively new model of explanatory reduction, one that emphasizes that reduction is the explanation of a whole in terms of its parts is (...)
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  16. The Science Question in Intelligent Design.Sahotra Sarkar - 2011 - Synthese 178 (2):291-305.
    Intelligent Design creationism is often criticized for failing to be science because it falls afoul of some demarcation criterion between science and non-science. This paper argues that this objection to Intelligent Design is misplaced because it assumes that a consistent non-theological characterization of Intelligent Design is possible. In contrast, it argues that, if Intelligent Design is taken to be non-theological doctrine, it is not intelligible. Consequently, a demarcation criterion cannot be used to judge its status. This position has the added (...)
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  17.  29
    Nagel on Reduction.Sahotra Sarkar - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 53:43-56.
    This paper attempts a critical reappraisal of Nagel's (1961, 1970) model of reduction taking into account both traditional criticisms and recent defenses. This model treats reduction as a type of explanation in which a reduced theory is explained by a reducing theory after their relevant representational items have been suitably connected. In accordance with the deductive-nomological model, the explanation is supposed to consist of a logical deduction. Nagel was a pluralist about both the logical form of the connections between the (...)
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  18.  41
    A Companion to the Philosophy of Biology.Sahotra Sarkar & Anya Plutynski (eds.) - 2008 - Blackwell.
    Comprised of essays by top scholars in the field, this volume offers concise overviews of philosophical issues raised by biology. Brings together a team of eminent scholars to explore the philosophical issues raised by biology Addresses traditional and emerging topics, spanning molecular biology and genetics, evolution, developmental biology, immunology, ecology, mind and behaviour, neuroscience, and experimentation Begins with a thorough introduction to the field Goes beyond previous treatments that focused only on evolution to give equal attention to other areas, such (...)
  19.  67
    From the reaktionsNorm to the Adaptive Norm: The Norm of Reaction, 1909–1960. [REVIEW]Sahotra Sarkar - 1999 - Biology and Philosophy 14 (2):235-252.
  20. Defining “Biodiversity”; Assessing Biodiversity.Sahotra Sarkar - 2001 - The Monist 85 (1):131-155.
    This paper analyzes the concept of biodiversity in conservation biology and assesses potential methods for its measurement.
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  21.  53
    Did Malament Prove the Non-Conventionality of Simultaneity in the Special Theory of Relativity?Sahotra Sarkar & John Stachel - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (2):208-220.
    David Malament's (1977) well-known result, which is often taken to show the uniqueness of the Poincare-Einstein convention for defining simultaneity, involves an unwarranted physical assumption: that any simultaneity relation must remain invariant under temporal reflections. Once that assumption is removed, his other criteria for defining simultaneity are also satisfied by membership in the same backward (forward) null cone of the family of such cones with vertices on an inertial path. What is then unique about the Poincare-Einstein convention is that it (...)
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  22.  9
    Habitat Reconstruction: Moving Beyond Historical Fidelity.Sahotra Sarkar - 2011 - In Kevin deLaplante, Bryson Brown & Kent A. Peacock (eds.), Philosophy of Ecology. North-Holland. pp. 11--327.
  23.  7
    M-HMOGA: A New Multi-Objective Feature Selection Algorithm for Handwritten Numeral Classification.Ritam Guha, Manosij Ghosh, Pawan Kumar Singh, Ram Sarkar & Mita Nasipuri - forthcoming - Journal of Intelligent Systems.
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  24. The Philosophy and History of Molecular Biology: New Perspectives.Sahotra Sarkar (ed.) - 1996 - Kluwer Academic.
  25.  48
    A Note on Frequency Dependence and the Levels/Units of Selection.Sahotra Sarkar - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (2):217-228.
    On the basis of distinctions between those properties of entities that can be defined without reference to other entities and those that (in different ways) cannot, this note argues that non-trivial forms of frequency-dependent selection of entities should be interpreted as selection occurring at a level higher than that of those entities. It points out that, except in degenerately simple cases, evolutionary game-theoretic models of selection are not models of individual selection. Similarly, models of genotypic selection such as heterosis cannot (...)
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  26.  10
    Doubting Darwin: Creationist Designs on Evolution.Sahotra Sarkar - 2008 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 64 (3):167-171.
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  27.  24
    Formal Darwinism.Sahotra Sarkar - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (2):249-257.
    Two questions are raised for Grafen’s formal darwinism project of aligning evolutionary dynamics under natural selection with the optimization of phenotypes for individuals of a population. The first question concerns mean fitness maximization during frequency-dependent selection; in such selection regimes, not only is mean fitness typically not maximized but it is implausible that any parameter closely related to fitness is being maximized. The second question concerns whether natural selection on inclusive fitness differences can be regarded as individual selection or whether (...)
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  28.  27
    A Theory of Group Rationality.Husain Sarkar - 1982 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 13 (1):55.
  29.  20
    Seismic Attribute Driven Integrated Characterization of the Woodford Shale in West-Central Oklahoma.Nabanita Gupta, Supratik Sarkar & Kurt J. Marfurt - 2013 - Interpretation: SEG 1 (2):SB85-SB96.
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  30.  3
    Effect of Volcanic Bodies on Hydrocarbon Reservoirs in the Northeastern Part of the Chicontepec Foredeep, Mexico.Supratik Sarkar & Kurt J. Marfurt - 2017 - Interpretation: SEG 5 (3):SK1-SK10.
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  31. The Principle of Complementarity in the Design of Reserve Networks to Conserve Biodiversity: A Preliminary History.Sahotra Sarkar & James Justus - unknown
    Explicit, quantitative procedures for identifying biodiversity priority areas are replacing the often ad hoc procedures used in the past to design networks of reserves to conserve biodiversity. This change facilitates more informed choices by policy makers, and thereby makes possible greater satisfaction of conservation goals with increased efficiency. A key feature of these procedures is the use of the principle of complementarity, which ensures that areas chosen for inclusion in a reserve network complement those already selected. This paper sketches the (...)
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  32. From Ecological Diversity to Biodiversity.Sahotra Sarkar - 2007 - In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge University Press.
  33.  60
    Hierarchy Perspectives for Ecological Complexity.Sahotra Sarkar - 1982
  34. A Theory of Method.Husain Sarkar - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (2):228-230.
     
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  35.  83
    Evolutionary Theory in the 1920s: The Nature of the “Synthesis”.Sahotra Sarkar - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):1215-1226.
    This paper analyzes the development of evolutionary theory in the period from 1918 to 1932. It argues that: (i) Fisher's work in 1918 constituted a not fully satisfactory reduction of biometry to Mendelism; (ii) there was a synthesis in the 1920s but that this synthesis was mainly one of classical genetics with population genetics, with Haldane's The Causes of Evolution being its founding document; (iii) the most important achievement of the models of theoretical population genetics was to show that natural (...)
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  36. Sober on Intelligent Design. [REVIEW]Sahotra Sarkar - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 83 (3):683-691.
    This response to Sober's (2008) Evidence and Evolution draws out and criticizes some consequences of his analysis because of its reliance on a likelihood framework for adjucating the dispute between (Intelligent Design) creationism and evolution. In particular, Sober's analysis does not allow it to be formally claimed that evolutionary theory better explains living phenomena than Intelligent Design and makes irrelevant the contribution of the theory of evolution by natural selection to assessments of the status of the argument from design. Finally, (...)
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  37. Placing Nyāya Epistemology Properly in the Western Tradition.Proyash Sarkar - 2003 - In Srilekha Datta & Amita Chatterjee (eds.), Some Philosophical Issues in Indian Logic. Centre of Advanced Study in Philosophy, Jadavpur University in Collaboration with Allied Publishers, New Delhi.
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  38.  17
    Environmental Philosophy: From Theory to Practice.Sahotra Sarkar - 2011 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    The first comprehensive treatment of environmental philosophy, going beyond ethics to address the philosophical concepts that underlie environmental thinking and policy-making today Encompasses all of environmental philosophy, including conservation biology, restoration ecology, sustainability, environmental justice, and more Offers the first treatment of decision theory in an environmental philosophy text Explores the conceptions of nature and ethical presuppositions that underlie contemporary environmental debates, and, moving from theory to practice, shows how decision theory translates to public policy Addresses both hot-button issues, including (...)
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  39. Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia.Sahotra Sarkar & Jessica Pfeifer (eds.) - 2015 - Routledge.
     
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  40.  39
    Carnap and the Compulsions of Interpretation: Reining in the Liberalization of Empiricism. [REVIEW]Sahotra Sarkar - 2013 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 3 (3):353-372.
  41.  14
    Seismic-Petrophysical Reservoir Characterization in the Northern Part of the Chicontepec Basin, Mexico.Supratik Sarkar, Sumit Verma & Kurt J. Marfurt - 2016 - Interpretation: SEG 4 (3):T403-T417.
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  42.  10
    The Human Genome Project: Has Blind Reductionism Gone Too Far?Alfred I. Tauber & Sahotra Sarkar - 1992 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 35 (2):220-235.
  43.  36
    The Real Objective of Mendel's Paper: A Response to Monaghan and Corcos. [REVIEW]Raphael Falk & Sahotra Sarkar - 1991 - Biology and Philosophy 6 (4):447-451.
    Mendel's work in hybridization is ipso facto a study in inheritance. He is explicit in his interest to formulate universal generalizations, and at least in the case of the independent segregation of traits, he formulated his conclusions in the form of a law. Mendel did not discern, however, the inheritance of traits from that of the potential for traits. Choosing to study discrete non-overlapping traits, this did not hamper his efforts.
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  44.  38
    Comprehension and Recall of Informed Consent Among Participating Families in a Birth Cohort Study on Diarrhoeal Disease.R. Sarkar, E. W. Grandin, B. P. Gladstone, J. Muliyil & G. Kang - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (1):37-44.
    Comprehension and recall of informed consent was assessed after the study closure in the parents/guardians of a birth cohort of children participating in an intensive three-year diarrhoeal surveillance. A structured questionnaire was administered by field workers who had not participated in the study's follow-up protocol. Of 368 respondents, 329 (89.4 per cent) stated that the study was adequately explained during enrolment, but only 159 (43.2 per cent) could recall that it was on diarrhoea. Nearly half (45.9 per cent) of the (...)
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  45. Ecological Diversity and Biodiversity as Concepts for Conservation Planning: Comments on Ricotta.Sahotra Sarkar - 2006 - Acta Biotheoretica 54 (2):133-140.
    Ricotta argues against the existence of a unique measure of biodiversity by pointing out that no known measure of α-diversity satisfies all the adequacy conditions that have traditionally been set for it. While that technical claim is correct, it is not relevant in the context of defining biodiversity which is most usefully measured by β-diversity. The concept of complementarity provides a closely related family of measures of biodiversity which can be used for systematic conservation planning. Moreover, these measures cannot be (...)
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  46.  26
    The Genomic Challenge to Adaptationism.Sahotra Sarkar - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (3):505-536.
    Since the late 1990s, the characterization of complete DNA sequences for a large and taxonomically diverse set of species has continued to gain in speed and accuracy. Sequence analyses have indicated a strikingly baroque structure for most eukaryotic genomes, with multiple repeats of DNA sequences and with very little of the DNA specifying proteins. Much of the DNA in these genomes has no known function. These results have generated strong interest in the factors that govern the evolution of genome architecture. (...)
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  47. Ethics of End-of-Life Care: The Need for Improved Communication Among Physicians, Patients, and Families.D. Passigli, R. Sarkar, S. Paul, Pamela S. Saha & Subrata Saha - 2011 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 2 (1):45-69.
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  48.  11
    Annas: The Just Soul, the Community, and the Circularity Objection.Husain Sarkar - 2015 - Dialogue 54 (1):159-184.
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  49.  88
    Evolutionary Psychology: History and Current Status.Sahotra Sarkar & Paul E. Griffiths - unknown
    The evolutionary study of the mind in the twentieth century has been marked by three self-conscious movements: classical ethology, sociobiology and Evolutionary Psychology (capitalized to indicate that it functions here as a proper name). Classical ethology was established in the years immediately before the Second World War, primarily by Konrad Lorenz and Niko Tinbergen (Burckhardt, 1983). Interrupted by the war, the movement blossomed in the early 1950s, when ethologists established major research institutes in most developed countries and developed a successful (...)
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  50.  27
    Generalized Norms of Reaction for Ecological Developmental Biology.Sahotra Sarkar & Trevon Fuller - unknown
    A standard norm of reaction (NoR) is a graphical depiction of the phenotypic value of some trait of an individual genotype in a population as a function of an environmental parameter. NoRs thus depict the phenotypic plasticity of a trait. The topological properties of NoRs for sets of different genotypes can be used to infer the presence of (non-linear) genotype-environment interactions. While it is clear that many NoRs are adaptive, it is not yet settled whether their evolutionary etiology should be (...)
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