Results for 'Prasanta Bihari Mukharji'

60 found
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  1. Mukharji on the New Jurisprudence.Prasanta Bihari Mukharji - 1970 - Calcutta, Eastern Law House.
     
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  2.  1
    Parachemistries: Colonial Chemopolitics in a Zone of Contest.Projit Bihari Mukharji - 2016 - History of Science 54 (4):362-382.
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  3.  1
    Projit Bihari Mukharji. Doctoring Traditions: Ayurveda, Small Technologies, and Braided Sciences. 374 Pp., Figs., Tables, Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2016. $45. [REVIEW]Sundar Sarukkai - 2017 - Isis 108 (4):935-936.
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  4.  16
    Technology in the Banking Sector in India, How Profitable It is for the Customer?Dr Suresh Chandra Bihari - 2011 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 1 (2):56-76.
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  5.  26
    Quality and World Peace: City Montessori School, Lucknow. [REVIEW]Jagdish Gandhi, Vineeta Kamran & P. C. Bihari - 2012 - AI and Society 27 (3):427-428.
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  6. From History of Colonial Medicine to Plural Medicine in a Global Perspective.Waltraud Ernst & Projit B. Mukharji - 2009 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 17 (4).
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  7. Bauddhaparamparāyāḥ Vaiśvikasandeśaḥ Pālisāhityasya Viśeshasandarbhe =.Radhavallabh Tripathi & Śuklā Mukharjī (eds.) - 2010 - Rāshṭriya Saṃskr̥ta Saṃsthāna.
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  8.  28
    The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice: An Overview of New Foundations and Applications, Edited by Paul Anand, Prasanta K. Pattanaik and Clemens Puppe, Oxford University Press, 2009, Xi + 581 Pages. [REVIEW]Conrad Heilmann - 2012 - Economics and Philosophy 28 (1):92-98.
    Book Reviews Conrad Heilmann, Economics and Philosophy, FirstView Article.
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  9.  10
    Book Review:Choice, Welfare, and Development: A Festschrift in Honour of Amartya K. Sen. Kaushik Basu, Prasanta Pattanaik, Kotaro Suzumura. [REVIEW]Robert Sugden - 1997 - Ethics 107 (4):724-.
  10.  2
    Kangra Paintings of the Bihari Sat Sai.Anna L. Dallapiccola & M. S. Randhawa - 1970 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 90 (4):591.
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  11. Dutch Book Arguments.Alan Hajek - 2008 - In Paul Anand, Prasanta Pattanaik & Clemens Puppe (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Rational and Social Choice. Oxford University Press.
    in The Oxford Handbook of Corporate Social Responsibility, ed. Paul Anand, Prasanta Pattanaik, and Clemens Puppe, forthcoming 2007.
     
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  12.  36
    Handbook of Rational and Social Choice.Paul Anand, Prasanta Pattanaik & Clemens Puppe (eds.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume provides an overview of issues arising in work on the foundations of decision theory and social choice. The collection will be of particular value to researchers in economics with interests in utility or welfare, but also to any social scientist or philosopher interested in theories of rationality or group decision-making.
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  13.  50
    Choice, Internal Consistency and Rationality.Aditi Bhattacharyya, Prasanta K. Pattanaik & Yongsheng Xu - 2011 - Economics and Philosophy 27 (2):123-149.
    The classical theory of rational choice is built on several important internal consistency conditions. In recent years, the reasonableness of those internal consistency conditions has been questioned and criticized, and several responses to accommodate such criticisms have been proposed in the literature. This paper develops a general framework to accommodate the issues raised by the criticisms of classical rational choice theory, and examines the broad impact of these criticisms from both normative and positive points of view.
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  14.  67
    Acceptibility, Evidence, and Severity.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay & Gordon G. Brittan - 2006 - Synthese 148 (2):259-293.
    The notion of a severe test has played an important methodological role in the history of science. But it has not until recently been analyzed in any detail. We develop a generally Bayesian analysis of the notion, compare it with Deborah Mayo’s error-statistical approach by way of sample diagnostic tests in the medical sciences, and consider various objections to both. At the core of our analysis is a distinction between evidence and confirmation or belief. These notions must be kept separate (...)
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  15. The Curve Fitting Problem: A Bayesian Rejoinder.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay & Robert J. Boik - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):402.
    In the curve fitting problem two conflicting desiderata, simplicity and goodness-of-fit pull in opposite directions. To solve this problem, two proposals, the first one based on Bayes's theorem criterion (BTC) and the second one advocated by Forster and Sober based on Akaike's Information Criterion (AIC) are discussed. We show that AIC, which is frequentist in spirit, is logically equivalent to BTC, provided that a suitable choice of priors is made. We evaluate the charges against Bayesianism and contend that AIC approach (...)
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  16. Simpson's Paradox and Causality.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay, Mark Greenwood, Don Dcruz & Venkata Raghavan - 2015 - American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (1):13-25.
    There are three questions associated with Simpson’s Paradox (SP): (i) Why is SP paradoxical? (ii) What conditions generate SP?, and (iii) What should be done about SP? By developing a logic-based account of SP, it is argued that (i) and (ii) must be divorced from (iii). This account shows that (i) and (ii) have nothing to do with causality, which plays a role only in addressing (iii). A counterexample is also presented against the causal account. Finally, the causal and logic-based (...)
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  17. The Curve Fitting Problem: A Bayesian Approach.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhayay, Robert J. Boik & Prasun Basu - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):272.
    In the curve fitting problem two conflicting desiderata, simplicity and goodness-of-fit, pull in opposite directions. To this problem, we propose a solution that strikes a balance between simplicity and goodness-of-fit. Using Bayes' theorem we argue that the notion of prior probability represents a measurement of simplicity of a theory, whereas the notion of likelihood represents the theory's goodness-of-fit. We justify the use of prior probability and show how to calculate the likelihood of a family of curves. We diagnose the relationship (...)
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  18.  65
    Two Dogmas of Strong Objective Bayesianism.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay & Gordon Brittan - 2010 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (1):45 – 65.
    We introduce a distinction, unnoticed in the literature, between four varieties of objective Bayesianism. What we call ' strong objective Bayesianism' is characterized by two claims, that all scientific inference is 'logical' and that, given the same background information two agents will ascribe a unique probability to their priors. We think that neither of these claims can be sustained; in this sense, they are 'dogmatic'. The first fails to recognize that some scientific inference, in particular that concerning evidential relations, is (...)
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  19.  62
    On Preference and Freedom.Prasanta K. Pattanaik & Yongsheng Xu - 1998 - Theory and Decision 44 (2):173-198.
    We consider the role of preferences in the assessment of an agent's freedom, visualized as the opportunity for choice. After discussing several possible intuitive approaches to the problem, we explore an approach based on the notion of preference orderings that a reasonable person may possibly have. Using different sets of axioms, we characterize the rules for ranking opportunity sets in terms of freedom. We also show that certain axioms for ranking opportunity sets are incompatible.
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  20.  44
    Empiricism and/or Instrumentalism?Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay, Mark Greenwood, Gordon Brittan & Ken A. Aho - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (S5):1019-1041.
    Elliott Sober is both an empiricist and an instrumentalist. His empiricism rests on a principle called actualism, whereas his instrumentalism violates this. This violation generates a tension in his work. We argue that Sober is committed to a conflicting methodological imperative because of this tension. Our argument illuminates the contemporary debate between realism and empiricism which is increasingly focused on the application of scientific inference to testing scientific theories. Sober’s position illustrates how the principle of actualism drives a wedge between (...)
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  21.  93
    How to Undermine Underdetermination?Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay, John G. Bennett & Megan D. Higgs - 2015 - Foundations of Science 20 (2):107-127.
    The underdetermination thesis poses a threat to rational choice of scientific theories. We discuss two arguments for the thesis. One draws its strength from deductivism together with the existence thesis, and the other is defended on the basis of the failure of a reliable inductive method. We adopt a partially subjective/objective pragmatic Bayesian epistemology of science framework, and reject both arguments for the thesis. Thus, in science we are able to reinstate rational choice called into question by the underdetermination thesis.
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  22.  38
    The Logic of Simpson's Paradox.Prasanta S. Bandyoapdhyay, Davin Nelson, Mark Greenwood, Gordon Brittan & Jesse Berwald - 2011 - Synthese 181 (2):185 - 208.
    There are three distinct questions associated with Simpson's paradox, (i) Why or in what sense is Simpson's paradox a paradox? (ii) What is the proper analysis of the paradox? (iii) How one should proceed when confronted with a typical case of the paradox? We propose a "formar" answer to the first two questions which, among other things, includes deductive proofs for important theorems regarding Simpson's paradox. Our account contrasts sharply with Pearl's causal (and questionable) account of the first two questions. (...)
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  23.  82
    Kolkata Turning Contemporary Urban Bengali Cinema, Popular Cultures and the Politics of Change.Brinda Bose & Prasanta Chakravarty - 2012 - Thesis Eleven 113 (1):129-140.
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  24.  24
    On Dominance and Context-Dependence in Decisions Involving Multiple Attributes.Prasanta K. Pattanaik & Yongsheng Xu - 2012 - Economics and Philosophy 28 (2):117-132.
    In decision-making involving multiple criteria or attributes, a decision maker first identifies all relevant evaluative attributes in making decisions. Then, a dominance principle is often invoked whenever applicable: whenever an option x is better than an option y in terms of some attribute and no worse than y in terms of any other attributes, x is judged to be better than y. If, however, this dominance principle is not applicable, then the decision maker determines the relative importance between the identified (...)
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  25. On an Inconsistency in Constructive Empiricism.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (3):511-514.
    I show that van Fraassen's empiricism leads to mutually incompatible claims with regard to empirical theories. He is committed to the claim that reasons for accepting a theory and believing it are always identical, insofar as the theory in question is an empirical theory. He also makes a general claim that reasons for accepting a theory are not always reasons for believing it irrespective of whether the theory is an empirical theory.
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  26.  24
    On Some Suggestions for Having Non-Binary Social Choice Functions.Raveendran N. Batra & Prasanta K. Pattanaik - 1972 - Theory and Decision 3 (1):1-11.
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  27. Re-Examination.Prasanta K. Pattanaik & Yongsheng Xu - 2009 - In Reiko Gotoh & Paul Dumouchel (eds.), Against Injustice: The New Economics of Amartya Sen. Cambridge University Press. pp. 187.
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  28.  4
    Non-Bayesian Accounts of Evidence: Howson’s Counterexample Countered.S. Bandyopadhyay Prasanta, L. Taper Mark & Brittan Gordon - 2016 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 30 (3):291-298.
    There is a debate in Bayesian confirmation theory between subjective and non-subjective accounts of evidence. Colin Howson has provided a counterexample to our non-subjective account of evidence: the counterexample refers to a case in which there is strong evidence for a hypothesis, but the hypothesis is highly implausible. In this article, we contend that, by supposing that strong evidence for a hypothesis makes the hypothesis more believable, Howson conflates the distinction between confirmation and evidence. We demonstrate that Howson’s counterexample fails (...)
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  29.  21
    Collective Rationality and Strategy-Proofness of Group Decision Rules.Prasanta K. Pattanaik - 1976 - Theory and Decision 7 (3):191-203.
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  30.  9
    Radial-Basis-Function-Based Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Heavy Oil Viscosity Prediction Model for a Kuwait Viscous Oil Field.Khalid Ahmad, Faisal Hassan, Prasanta Kumar Mishra, Waleed Al-Khamees, Wei Shao, Songhua Chen, Magdalena Sandor & Yuesheng Cheng - 2016 - Interpretation: SEG 4 (2):SF81-SF92.
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  31.  4
    In Search of a Pointless Decision Principle.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhayay - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:260 - 269.
    I advance a decision principle called the "weak dominance principle" (WDP) based on the interval notion of probability to deal with the Ellsberg type paradox (ETP). Given ETP, I explain three things: (i) Why WDP is a better principle than many principles e.g. Kyburg's principle and Gardenfors and Sahlin's principle, (ii) Why one should not, contrary to many principles, expect a unique solution in ETP, and (iii) What is the relationship between WDP and the principles mentioned above. I prove also (...)
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  32.  10
    The Logic of Simpson’s Paradox.Prasanta S. Bandyoapdhyay, Davin Nelson, Mark Greenwood, Gordon Brittan & Jesse Berwald - 2011 - Synthese 181 (2):185-208.
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  33. Preference, Choice, and Rationality : Amartya Sen's Critique of the Theory of Rational Choice in Economics.Shatakshee Dhongde & Prasanta K. Pattanaik - 2009 - In Christopher W. Morris (ed.), Amartya Sen. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  34.  4
    Uncertainty Relation and Inseparability Criterion.Ashutosh K. Goswami & Prasanta K. Panigrahi - 2017 - Foundations of Physics 47 (2):229-235.
    We investigate the Peres–Horodecki positive partial transpose criterion in the context of conserved quantities and derive a condition of inseparability for a composite bipartite system depending only on the dimensions of its subsystems, which leads to a bi-linear entanglement witness for the two qubit system. A separability inequality using generalized Schrodinger–Robertson uncertainty relation taking suitable operators, has been derived, which proves to be stronger than the bi-linear entanglement witness operator. In the case of mixed density matrices, it identically distinguishes the (...)
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  35.  7
    On Measuring Personal Connections and the Extent of Social Networks.Prasanta K. Pattanaik & Yongsheng Xu - 2007 - Analyse & Kritik 29 (2):290-310.
    The notions of personal connection and social networks are key ingredients of the increasingly important concept of social capital in social sciences in general and in economics in particular. This paper discusses the problem of measuring personal connection and the extent of social networks that may exist in a society. For this purpose we develop several conceptual and analytical frameworks. In the process, we axiomatically characterize several measures of personal connection and social networks.
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  36.  6
    The Concepts of Choice and Preference in Economics.Prasanta K. Pattanaik - 2013 - Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (2):215-218.
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  37.  2
    Kolkata Turning.Bose Brinda & Chakravarty Prasanta - 2012 - Thesis Eleven 113 (1):129-140.
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  38.  3
    The Liberal Paradox: Some Interpretations When Rights Are Represented as Game Forms.Prasanta K. Pattanaik - 1996 - Analyse & Kritik 18 (1):38-53.
    The paper seeks to interpret the liberal paradox in a framework where individual rights are represented as game forms. Several close counterparts, in this framework, of Sen's theorem are considered, and their intuitive significance is discussed.
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  39.  3
    Lives Saved, With a Little Help From Friends.Prasanta Tripathy - 2012 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 2 (2):109-113.
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  40.  1
    Naimiṣāraṇya in LiteratureNaimisaranya in Literature.Rajendra Bihari Pandeya - 1964 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 84 (4):405.
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  41.  1
    Punjab University Indological SeriesPunjab University Indological Series, No. 1. Kṣudrakalpasūtra of Maśaka Gārgya with the Commentary of Śrī ŚrīnivāsaPunjab University Indological Series, No. 2. Kāṅgaṛī. A Descriptive Study of the Kaṅgra Valley Dialect of Himavhal PradeshPunjab University Indological Series, No. 4. Bhāṣikasūtra of Maharṣi Kātyāyana with the Commentaries of Mahāsvāmin and AnantabhaṭṭaPunjab University Indological Series, No. 1. Ksudrakalpasutra of Masaka Gargya with the Commentary of Sri SrinivasaPunjab University Indological Series, No. 2. Kangari. A Descriptive Study of the Kangra Valley Dialect of Himavhal PradeshPunjab University Indological Series, No. 4. Bhasikasutra of Maharsi Katyayana with the Commentaries of Mahasvamin and Anantabhatta. [REVIEW]Ludwik Sternbach, B. R. Sharma, Shyamlal Sharma & Braj Bihari Chaubey - 1981 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 101 (4):482.
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  42. The Oxford Handbook of Rational and Social Choice.Paul Anand, Prasanta Pattanaik & Clemens Puppe (eds.) - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
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  43. Constructive Empiricism: From a Theory of Empirical Adequacy to a Theory of Acceptance.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay - 1995 - Dissertation, The University of Rochester
    I begin chapter I by discussing two key distinctions that constitute the core of van Fraassen's constructive empiricism: a distinction between observables and unobservables and a distinction between acceptance and belief with regard to a theory. To support constructive empiricism, van Fraassen also deploys two epistemological principles: only actual observations are to be taken as evidence and possible evidence is all that can be rationally inferred from the actual evidence. I reject both principle and van Fraassen's construal of observation. As (...)
     
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  44. Handbook of the Philosophy of Statistics.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay & Malcolm Forster (eds.) - forthcoming - Elsevier.
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  45. Handbook of the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 7: Philosophy of Statistics.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay & Malcolm R. Forster (eds.) - 2011 - Elsevier B.V..
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  46. Incongruent Counterparts and the Nature of Space: Demystifying Their Reappearance in Kant's Writings.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay - 2001 - In Ralph Schumacher, Rolf-Peter Horstmann & Volker Gerhardt (eds.), Kant Und Die Berliner Aufklärung: Akten des Ix. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Bd. I: Hauptvorträge. Bd. Ii: Sektionen I-V. Bd. Iii: Sektionen Vi-X: Bd. Iv: Sektionen Xi-Xiv. Bd. V: Sektionen Xv-Xviii. De Gruyter. pp. 110-121.
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  47. Philosophy of Statistics, Handbook of the Philosophy of Science, Volume 7.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay & Malcolm Forster (eds.) - forthcoming - Elsevier.
  48. The Curve Fitting Problem: A Bayesian Approach.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhayay, Robert J. Boik & Prasun Basu - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (5):S264-S272.
    In the curve fitting problem two conflicting desiderata, simplicity and goodness-of-fit, pull in opposite directions. To this problem, we propose a solution that strikes a balance between simplicity and goodness-of-fit. Using Bayes' theorem we argue that the notion of prior probability represents a measurement of simplicity of a theory, whereas the notion of likelihood represents the theory's goodness-of-fit. We justify the use of prior probability and show how to calculate the likelihood of a family of curves. We diagnose the relationship (...)
     
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  49. Choice, Welfare, and Development: A Festschrift in Honour of Amartya K. Sen.Kaushik Basu, Prasanta Pattanaik & Kotaro Suzumura - 1997 - Ethics 107 (4):724-725.
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  50. Globalization, Culture, and the Limits of the Market Essays in Economics and Philosophy.Stephen Cullenberg & Prasanta K. Pattanaik - 2004
     
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