Results for 'Pregnancy'

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Bibliography: Pregnancy in Applied Ethics
  1. Update on Selected Ethical Questions: New Methods of Handling Ectopic Pregnancies.Ectopic Pregnancies - forthcoming - Communicating the Catholic Vision of Life: Proceedings of the Twelfth Bishops' Workshop, Dallas, Texas.
     
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  2.  14
    The Pregnancy [Does-Not-Equal] Childbearing Project: A Phenomenology of Miscarriage.Jennifer Scuro - 2017 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    Part graphic novel, part feminist and philosophical analysis, The Pregnancy ≠ Childbearing Project explores how pregnancy can be a meaningful and distinct phenomenon from childbirth and does not equate with childbearing or the production of children.
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  3.  11
    Reconceiving Pregnancy and Childcare: Ethics, Experience, and Reproductive Labor.Amy Mullin - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    This highly original book argues for increased recognition of pregnancy, birthing and childrearing as social activities demanding simultaneously physical, intellectual, emotional and moral work from those who undertake them. Amy Mullin considers both parenting and paid childcare, and examines the impact of disability on this work. The first chapters contest misconceptions about pregnancy and birth such as the idea that pregnancy is only valued for its end result, and not also for the process. Following chapters focus on (...)
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  4.  25
    Perfecting Pregnancy: Law, Disability, and the Future of Reproduction.Isabel Karpin - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Disability; 2. Risk; 3. Terminations; 4. De-selections; 5. Interpretations; 6. Futures.
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  5.  12
    Pregnancy, Parthood and Proper Overlap: A Critique of Kingma.Alexander Geddes - forthcoming - Philosophical Quarterly.
    Elselijn Kingma argues that, in cases of mammalian placental pregnancy, the foster is part of the gravida. But she does not consider the possibility of proper overlap. I show that this generates a number of serious problems for her argument and trace the oversight to a quite general issue within the literature on biological individuality. Doing so provides an opportunity to pull apart and clarify the relations between some importantly distinct questions concerning organismality and organismic parthood, and to identify (...)
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  6. Policing Pregnancy: The Law and Ethics of Obstetric Conflict. [REVIEW]Rodney Taylor - 2010 - Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 13 (1):38-38.
    Are pregnant women entitled to the same rights of self-determination and bodily integrity as other adults? This is the fundamental question underlying recent highprofile legal interventions in situations when pregnant women and healthcare staff do not agree on management options or appropriate behaviour. Courts on both sides of the Atlantic have sometimes answered that they are not, and the law has at times been manipulated to enforce compliance with medical recommendations. This book offers a comprehensive assessment of healthcare law as (...)
     
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  7.  73
    Prégnances du devenir. Simondon et les images.Emmanuel Alloa - 2015 - Critique 816:356-371.
    Problématisation, individuation, (dés)adaptation L’inventivité du vivant : la « disparation » Mouvements à vide. La spontanéité selon Simondon La prégnance des images Ontogenèse, phylogenèse, eikogenèse. L’image comme médiation .
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  8.  57
    Agency, Pregnancy and Persons: Essays in Defense of Human Life.Nicholas Colgrove, Bruce P. Blackshaw & Daniel Rodger (eds.) - 2022 - Oxford, UK: Routledge.
    This book provides extensive and critical engagement with some of the most recent and compelling arguments favoring abortion choice. It features original essays from leading and emerging philosophers, bioethicists and medical professionals that present philosophically sophisticated and novel arguments against abortion choice. The chapters in this book are divided into three thematic sections. The first set of essays focuses primarily on unborn human individuals--zygotes, embryos and fetuses. In these chapters it is argued, for example, that human organisms begin to exist (...)
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  9. Twin Pregnancy, Fetal Reduction and the 'All or Nothing Problem’.Joona Räsänen - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (2):101-105.
    Fetal reduction is the practice of reducing the number of fetuses in a multiple pregnancy, such as quadruplets, to a twin or singleton pregnancy. Use of assisted reproductive technologies increases the likelihood of multiple pregnancies, and many fetal reductions are done after in vitro fertilisation and embryo transfer, either because of social or health-related reasons. In this paper, I apply Joe Horton’s all or nothing problem to the ethics of fetal reduction in the case of a twin (...). I argue that in the case of a twin pregnancy, there are two intuitively plausible claims: abortion is morally permissible, and it is morally wrong to abort just one of the fetuses. But since we should choose morally permissible acts rather than impermissible ones, the two claims lead to another highly implausible claim: the woman ought to abort both fetuses rather than only one. Yet, this does not seem right. A plausible moral theory cannot advocate such a pro-death view. Or can it? I suggest ways to solve this problem and draw implications for each solution. There are no data in this work. (shrink)
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  10.  38
    Feminist Phenomenology, Pregnancy, and Transcendental Subjectivity.Stella Sandford - 2016 - In Jonna Bornemark & Nicholas Smith (eds.), Phenomenology of Pregnancy. Stockholm: Södertörn University. pp. 51–69.
    In 1930 Husserl wrote that phenomenology is ‘a transcendental idealism that is nothing more than a consequentially executed self-explication in the form of an egological science, an explication of my ego as subject of every possible cognition, and indeed with respect to every sense of what exists, wherewith the latter might be able to have a sense for me, the ego.’ In transcendental-phenomenological theory, according to Husserl, ‘every sort of existent itself, real or ideal, becomes understandable as a “product” of (...)
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  11.  28
    Double Effect & Ectopic Pregnancy – Some Problems.Michal Pruski - 2019 - Catholic Medical Quarterly 69 (2):17-20.
    This paper looks at the Catholic justification of medical interventions in ectopic pregnancies. The paper first shows that the way how Double Effect Reasoning is often applied to ectopic pregnancies is not consistent with the way Aquinas introduces this mode of reasoning. The paper then shows certain problems in common defences of the use of salpingectomies. The paper then re-evaluates the medical interventions used in the management of ectopic pregnancies, with both a focus on the aim of the treatment and (...)
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  12.  54
    Should Pregnancy Be Considered a (Temporary) Disability?Devora Shapiro - 2018 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 11 (1):91-105.
    Individuals with disabilities face significant challenges, both physically and socially. To claim a disability, therefore, is not something one ought to do lightly. Pregnancy, however, presents a very difficult and interesting case. Pain, discomfort, and inconvenience are often daily aspects of pregnancy, and pregnancy itself can cause physical, as well as social, impediments that can substantially interfere with one's day-to-day work and life. In practice, based on our current laws concerning family leave, ailments brought on by (...) can be cited as a temporary disability in certain circumstances. However, the kind of "pregnancyrelated disability" that is built into such leave policies and laws falls short of... (shrink)
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  13. Pregnancy in Practice: Expectation and Experience in the Contemporary US.[author unknown] - 2013
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  14.  32
    Preventing Pregnancy After Rape.Kevin McGovern - 2008 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 13 (3):7.
    McGovern, Kevin This article explores what may ethically be done to prevent pregnancy after rape. The issue of pregnancy approach is dealt with in this article.
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  15. Torture Born: Representing Pregnancy and Abortion in Contemporary Survival-Horror.Steve Jones - 2015 - Sexuality and Culture 19 (3):426-443.
    In proportion to the increased emphasis placed on abortion in partisan political debate since the early 2000s, there has been a noticeable upsurge in cultural representations of abortion. This article charts ways in which that increase manifests in contemporary survival-horror. This article contends that numerous contemporary survival-horror films foreground pregnancy. These representations of pregnancy reify the pressures that moralistic, partisan political campaigning places on individuals who consider terminating a pregnancy. These films contribute to public discourse by engaging (...)
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  16. The Pregnancy of the Real: A Phenomenological Defense of Experimental Realism.Shannon Vallor - 2009 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 52 (1):1 – 25.
    This paper develops a phenomenological defense of Ian Hacking's experimental realism about unobservable entities in physical science, employing historically undervalued resources from the phenomenological tradition in order to clarify the warrant for our ontological commitments in science. Building upon the work of Husserl, Merleau-Ponty and Heelan, the paper provides a phenomenological correction of the positivistic conception of perceptual evidence maintained by antirealists such as van Fraassen, the experimental relevance of which is illustrated through a phenomenological interpretation of the 1974 discovery (...)
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  17. Unintended Pregnancy and Public Policy.Adam Thomas - 2012 - Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 26 (2):501-532.
     
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  18. Aesthetic Pregnancy.David A. Goldblatt - 1979 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 60 (4):360.
     
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  19.  11
    Twin Pregnancy Reduction is Not an ‘All or Nothing’ Problem: A Response to Räsänen.Dunja Begović, Elizabeth Chloe Romanis & E. J. Verweij - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (2):139-141.
    In his paper, ‘Twin pregnancy, fetal reduction and the ‘all or nothing problem’, Räsänen sets out to apply Horton’s ‘all or nothing’ problem to the ethics of multifetal pregnancy reduction from a twin to a singleton pregnancy. Horton’s problem involves the following scenario: imagine that two children are about to be crushed by a collapsing building. An observer would have three options: do nothing, save one child by allowing their arms to be crushed, or save both by (...)
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  20.  15
    Is Pregnancy Really a Good Samaritan Act?Bruce P. Blackshaw - 2021 - Christian Bioethics 27 (2):158–168.
    One of the most influential philosophical arguments in favour of the permissibility of abortion is Judith Jarvis Thomson’s violinist analogy, presented in ‘A Defense of Abortion’. Its appeal for pro-choice advocates lies in Thomson’s granting that the fetus is a person with equivalent moral status to any other human being, and yet demonstrating—to those who accept her reasoning—that abortion is still permissible. In her argument, Thomson draws heavily on the parable of the Good Samaritan, arguing that gestating a fetus in (...)
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  21. Pregnancy, Addiction, and Incarceration.Katya B. Rubinow & Irl B. Hirsch - 2007 - Substance 32 (3):267-277.
     
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  22. Mother Knows Best: Pregnancy, Applied Ethics, and Epistemically Transformative Experiences.Fiona Woollard - 2021 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 38 (1):155-171.
    L.A. Paul argues that interesting issues for rational choice theory are raised by epistemically transformative experiences: experiences which provide access to knowledge that could not be known without the experience. Consideration of the epistemic effects of pregnancy has important implications for our understanding of epistemically transformative experiences and for debate about the ethics of abortion and applied ethics more generally. Pregnancy is epistemically transformative both in Paul’s narrow sense and in a wider sense: those who have not been (...)
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  23.  19
    Pregnancy Reduction in Jewish Law.Fred Rosner - 1990 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 1 (3):181.
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  24. Posthumous Pregnancies: Some Thoughts on 'Life'and Death.K. De Gama - 1998 - In Sally Sheldon & Michael Thomson (eds.), Feminist Perspectives on Health Care Law. Cavendish.
     
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  25.  54
    The Ethics of Pregnancy, Abortion and Childbirth: Exploring Moral Choices in Childbearing.Helen Watt - 2016 - Routledge.
    _The Ethics of Pregnancy, Abortion and Childbirth_ addresses the unique moral questions raised by pregnancy and its intimate bodily nature. From assisted reproduction to abortion and ‘vital conflict’ resolution to more everyday concerns of the pregnant woman, this book argues for pregnancy as a close human relationship with the woman as guardian or custodian. Four approaches to pregnancy are explored: ‘uni-personal’, ‘neighborly’, ‘maternal’ and ‘spousal’. The author challenges not only the view that there is only one (...)
  26. Psychic Pregnancy and Platonic Epistemology.Frisbee Sheffield - 2001 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 20:1-33.
  27. Symbolic Pregnance and Passive Synthesis-Genetic Phenomenology of Perception in Cassirer and Husserl.M. Bosch - 2002 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 109 (1):148-161.
  28. Terminating Pregnancy After Prenatal Diagnosis—with a Little Help of Professional Ethics?Dagmar Schmitz - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (7):399-402.
    Termination of pregnancy after a certain gestational age and following prenatal diagnosis, in many nations seem to be granted with a special status to the extent that they by law have to be discussed within a predominantly medical context and have physicians as third parties involved in the decision-making process (‘indication-based’ approach). The existing legal frameworks for indication-based approaches, however, do frequently fail to provide clear guidance for the involved physicians. Critics, therefore, asked for professional ethics and professional institutions (...)
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  29. Becoming with Childi.Pregnancy as A. Provocation, To Authenticity & Sarah Lachance Adams - 2010 - In Adrian Mirvish & Adrian Van den Hoven (eds.), New Perspectives on Sartre. Cambridge Scholars Press.
     
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  30.  19
    Pregnancy Is Not a Disease: Conscientious Refusal and the Argument From Concepts.Daniel Brudney - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (5):43-49.
    A new kind of argument has been proposed to explain why health-care workers can sometimes refuse to offer a service or treatment. But this new kind of argument must also be evaluated and invoked differently.
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  31.  39
    Spiritual Pregnancy in Plato's Symposium.E. E. Pender - 1992 - Classical Quarterly 42 (01):72-.
    Although Plato's notion of spiritual pregnancy has received a great deal of critical attention in recent years, the development of the metaphor in the Symposium has not been fully analysed. Close attention to the details of the image reveals two important points which have so far been overlooked: There are two quite different types of spiritual pregnancy in the Symposium: a ‘male’ type, which is analogous to the build-up to physical ejaculation, and a ‘female’ type, which is analogous (...)
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  32. Evaluating Ectogenesis Via the Metaphysics of Pregnancy.Suki Finn & Sasha Isaac - 2021 - In Robbie Davis-Floyd (ed.), Birthing Techno-Sapiens: Human-Technology, Co-Evolution, and the Future of Reproduction. E-Book: Routledge: Taylor & Francis. pp. Chapter 8.
    Ectogenesis, or “artificial womb technology,” has been heralded by some, such as prominent feminist Shulamith Firestone, as a way to liberate women. In this chapter, we challenge this view by offering an alternative analysis of the technology as relying upon and perpetuating a problematic model of pregnancy which, rather than liberating women, serves to devalue them. We look to metaphysics as the abstract study of reality to elucidate how the entities in a pregnancy are related to one another. (...)
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  33.  2
    ‘Experimental pregnancy’ revisited.Anne Drapkin Lyerly - 2022 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 43 (4):253-266.
    In this paper, I reflect on an important article by Bob Veatch in the inaugural issue of the Hastings Center Report, entitled “Experimental Pregnancy.” It is a report and elegant analysis of the Goldzieher Study, in which nearly 400 women were randomized to receive hormonal contraception or placebo absent consent or disclosure about placebo use, resulting in several pregnancies. Noting the study’s limited notoriety, I first consider the narratives that have instead dominated bioethics’ approach to pregnancy and research: (...)
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  34. Psychic Pregnancy and Platonic Epistemology.Frisbee C. C. Sheffield - 2001 - In David Sedley (ed.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume Xx Summer 2001. Clarendon Press.
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  35.  12
    Pregnancy, Birth and Abortion.Herbert Brewer - 1959 - The Eugenics Review 51 (2):105.
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  36.  16
    Dangerous Pregnancies: Mothers, Disabilities, and Abortion in Modern America: Leslie J. Reagan, 2010, University of California Press. [REVIEW]Patricia Green - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3):415-417.
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  37. Early Pregnancies Among Middle School Students: Attribution of Blame and the Feelings of Responsibility Among Teachers and Parents.Antony Fute, Binghai Sun & Mohamed Oubibi - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    IntroductionGlobally, 15% of adolescents give birth before turning 18, leading to considerable personal, social, and medical impacts on adolescents and to the general society.ObjectiveThis study aimed at exploring and comparing three psychological attributes between parents and teachers for the phenomena.Method672 teachers and 690 parents participated in the study.ResultsThe results indicated a significant mean difference between parents and teachers on empathy, attribution of blame, and feelings of responsibility. Except for attribution of blame, parents’ mean scores of other variables were higher than (...)
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  38.  57
    Is Pregnancy Necessary? Feminist Concerns About Ectogenesis.Julien S. Murphy - 1989 - Hypatia 4 (3):66-84.
    To what extent are women obliged to be child-bearers? If reproductive technology could offer some form of ectogenesis, would feminists regard it as a liberating reproductive option? Three lines of reproductive rights arguments currently used by feminists are applied to ectogenesis. Each fails to provide strong grounds for prohibiting it. Yet, there are several ways in which ectogenesis could contribute to women's oppression, in particular, if it were used to undermine abortion rights, reinforce traditional views of fertility, increase fetal rights (...)
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  39. The Pregnancy of Matter: Marsilio Ficino on Natural Change" From Within" Matter.James G. Snyder - 2011 - Rinascimento 51:139-155.
     
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  40.  5
    American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 198.Tubal Pregnancies - 2010 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 84 (1).
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  41.  17
    Pregnancy Outcomes Among Infertile Patients with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Treated with Metformin.Mileva Milosavljević, Milan Stefanović, Ranko Kutlešić, Predrag Vukomanović & Aleksandra Andrić - 2006 - Facta Universitatis, Series: Linguistics and Literature 13 (3):172-176.
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  42. The Normative Importance of Pregnancy Challenges Surrogacy Contracts.Anca Gheaus - 2016 - Analize. Journal of Gender and Feminist Studies 6 (20):20-31.
    Birth mothers usually have a moral right to parent their newborns in virtue of a mutual attachment formed, during gestation, between the gestational mother and the fetus. The attachment is formed, in part, thanks to the burdens of pregnancy, and it serves the interest of the newborn; the gestational mother, too, has a powerful interest in the protection of this attachment. Given its justification, the right to parent one's gestated baby cannot be transferred at will to other people who (...)
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  43.  2
    The Pregnancy Compensation Hypothesis, Not the Staying Alive Theory, Accounts for Disparate Autoimmune Functioning of Women Around the World.Erin M. O'Mara Kunz, Jackson A. Goodnight & Melissa A. Wilson - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45.
    The pregnancy compensation hypothesis provides a mechanistic explanation for the evolution of sex differences in immune system functioning, the excess of women experiencing autoimmune disease, and why this is observed only in industrialized nations; none of which can be explained by the staying alive theory, as proposed by the authors of the target article.
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  44.  28
    Pregnancy and Prenatal Harm to Offspring: The Case of Mothers with PKU.John A. Robertson & Joseph D. Schulman - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (4):23-33.
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  45.  12
    Modern Pregnancies and (Im)Perfect Babies.Stephanie A. Kraft - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):1-2.
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  46.  27
    Ectopic Pregnancy and Catholic Morality.Marie A. Anderson, Robert L. Fastiggi, David E. Hargroder, Joseph C. Howard & C. Ward Kischer - 2011 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 11 (1):65-82.
    Respected Catholic ethicists have recently defended the use of salpingostomy and methotrexate in the management of ectopic pregnancies.This article examines the arguments for the revised assessments to determine whether there are sound reasons to believe that these two methods do not constitute the direct and immediate killing of innocent human beings. National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 11.1 : 65–82.
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  47.  9
    Philosophical Inquiries Into Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Mothering: Maternal Subjects.Sheila Lintott & Maureen Sander-Staudt (eds.) - 2011 - Routledge.
    Philosophical inquiry into pregnancy, childbirth, and mothering is a growing area of interest to academic philosophers. This volume brings together a diverse group of philosophers to speak about topics in this reemerging area of philosophical inquiry, taking up new themes, such as maternal aesthetics, and pursuing old ones in new ways, such as investigating stepmothering as it might inform and ground an ethics of care. The theoretical foci of the book include feminist, existential, ethical, aesthetic, phenomenological, social and political (...)
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  48.  13
    Pregnancy Leave, Comparable Worth, And Concepts of Equality.Marjorie Weinzweig - 1987 - Hypatia 2 (1):71-101.
    Pregnancy leave and comparable worth deal with differences between female and male employees. In each case feminists are divided as to whether special treatment for women will promote equality or reinforce sex stereotypes and gender based segregation in the workplace. A radical restructuring of the workplace is necessary, to make possible a more human life for men and women. This restructuring is articulated in terms of the concepts of equality as "participation" or "incorporation" of all individuals into a community, (...)
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  49.  3
    Unintended Pregnancy and Sex Education in Chile: A Behavioural Model.Joan M. Herold, Nancy J. Thompson, M. Solange Valenzuela & Leo Morris - 1994 - Journal of Biosocial Science 26 (4):427-39.
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  50.  15
    Pregnancy and the Culture of Extreme Risk Aversion.Angela Ballantyne, Colin Gavaghan, John McMillan & Sue Pullon - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (2):21-23.
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