Results for 'Preston D. Barber'

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  1.  37
    Using the Scenario Method to Analyze Cheating Behaviors.Peter W. Schuhmann, Robert T. Burrus, Preston D. Barber, J. Edward Graham & M. Fara Elikai - 2013 - Journal of Academic Ethics 11 (1):17-33.
    Using student self-reported cheating admissions and answers from a hypothetical cheating scenario, this paper analyzes the effects of individual and situational factors on potential cheating behavior. Results confirm several conclusions about student factors that are related to cheating. The probability of cheating is associated with younger students, lower GPAs, alcohol consumption, fraternity/sorority membership, and having cheated in high school. Student perceptions of the certainty and severity of punishment appear to have a negative and significant impact on the probability of cheating (...)
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  2.  20
    Erratum To: Using the Scenario Method to Analyze Cheating Behaviors. [REVIEW]Peter W. Schuhmann, Robert T. Burrus, Preston D. Barber, J. Edward Graham & M. Fara Elikai - 2013 - Journal of Academic Ethics 11 (1):81-81.
  3.  35
    Michael D. Barber, Equality and Diversity, Phenomenological Investigations of Prejudice and Discrimination.William S. Hamrick - 2003 - Human Studies 26 (3):401-407.
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  4.  22
    Teilhard and the Future of Humanity—Ed. Thierry Meynard, S.J. [REVIEW]S. Michael D. Barber - 2007 - International Philosophical Quarterly 47 (3):382-384.
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  5.  19
    On the Ability to Inhibit Complex Thoughts: A Stop-Signal Study of Arithmetic.Gordon D. Logan & Carol Y. Barber - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (4):371-373.
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  6. Michael D. Barber: The Intentional Spectrum and Intersubjectivity: Phenomenology and the Pittsburgh Neo-Hegelians: Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2011. Pp. Xvi + 326. $69.95/£60.95. ISBN 9780821419618. [REVIEW]Timothy Mooney - 2012 - Husserl Studies 28 (2):167-177.
  7.  7
    Ethical Experience and the Motives for Practical Rationality: A Kantian/Levinasian Criticism of McDowell’s Ethics.S. Michael D. Barber - 2007 - International Philosophical Quarterly 47 (4):425-441.
    John McDowell’s ethical writings interpret ethical experience as intentional, socially-conditioned, virtuous responsiveness to situations and develop a modest account of practical rationality. His work converges with investigations of ethical experience by recent Kant scholars (Sherman, Brewer, Herman) and Emmanuel Levinas. The Kantian interpreters and Levinas locate the categorical demands of ethical experience in rational agents’ demands for respect, while McDowell finds it in noble adherence to the demands of virtuous living. For McDowell, moral-practical rational efforts to justify ethics cannot transcend (...)
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  8.  6
    Process, Praxis and Transcendence.S. Michael D. Barber - 2001 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 75 (3):454-459.
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  9. Michael D. Barber, Guardian of Dialogue.P. Gorevan - 1996 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 4:199-199.
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  10. The Idea of Education.Robert Fisher & D. Preston - 2004 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 60 (1):246-248.
    This book represents a ‘position statement’ from the intellectually vibrant and challenging debate that emanated from the inaugural conference project launch entitled 'The Idea of Education' held at Mansfield College, Oxford in July 2002. The book conveys a wide spectrum of views about 'the idea of education' in recognition of the fact that 'the idea' is not as straightforward as it may appear on the surface. It seems the universities are not alone in this apparent uncertainty of definition. Further Education (...)
     
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  11. Can We Assess the Needs of Elephants in Zoos? Can We Meet the Needs of Elephants in Zoos?D. Mellen Jill, C. E. Barber Joseph & W. Miller Gary - 2008 - In Christen M. Wemmer & Catherine A. Christen (eds.), Elephants and Ethics: Toward a Morality of Coexistence. Johns Hopkins University Press.
     
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  12.  43
    Review of Michael D. Barber, The Intentional Spectrum and Intersubjectivity: Phenomenology and the Pittsburgh Neo-Hegelians.Chauncey Maher - 2012 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
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  13.  9
    The Effects of Controllability on Extinction.Richard S. Calef, Donald W. Murray, Preston D. Modlin, Byarr W. Meekins & E. Scott Geller - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (5):241-243.
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  14. Holism and Horizon: Husserl and McDowell on Non-Conceptual Content.Michael D. Barber - 2008 - Husserl Studies 24 (2):79-97.
    John McDowell rejects the idea that non-conceptual content can rationally justify empirical claims—a task for which it is ill-fitted by its non-conceptual nature. This paper considers three possible objections to his views: he cannot distinguish empty conception from the perceptual experience of an object; perceptual discrimination outstrips the capacity of concepts to keep pace; and experience of the empirical world is more extensive than the conceptual focusing within it. While endorsing McDowell’s rejection of what he means by non-conceptual content, and (...)
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  15. Empathy: Its Ultimate and Proximate Bases.Stephanie D. Preston & Frans B. M. de Waal - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):1-20.
    There is disagreement in the literature about the exact nature of the phenomenon of empathy. There are emotional, cognitive, and conditioning views, applying in varying degrees across species. An adequate description of the ultimate and proximate mechanism can integrate these views. Proximately, the perception of an object's state activates the subject's corresponding representations, which in turn activate somatic and autonomic responses. This mechanism supports basic behaviors that are crucial for the reproductive success of animals living in groups. The Perception-Action Model, (...)
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  16.  27
    Social Typifications and the Elusive Other: The Place of Sociology of Knowledge in Alfred Schutz's Phenomenology. By Michael D. Barber.Walter J. Stohrer - 1991 - Modern Schoolman 68 (3):273-274.
  17. George Psathas/Alfred Schutz's Influence on American Sociologists and Sociology 1–35 Richard M. Zaner/the Discipline of the “Norm”: A Critical Appreciation of Erwin Straus 37–50 Michael D. Barber/a Moment of Unconditional Validity? [REVIEW]Marek Chojnacki & Herbert Spiegelberg - 2004 - Human Studies 27:471-472.
     
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  18.  10
    The Intentional Spectrum and Intersubjectivity: Phenomenology and the Pittsburgh Neo-Hegelians.Michael D. Barber - 2011 - Ohio University Press.
    In The Intentional Spectrum and Intersubjectivity Michael D. Barber is the first to bring phenomenology to bear not just on the perspectives of McDowell or Brandom alone, but on their intersection.
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  19. The Many Faces of Empathy: Parsing Emathic Phenomena Through a Proximate, Dynamic-Systems View Reprsenting the Other in the Self.Stephanie D. Preston & Alicia J. Hofelich - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (1):24-33.
    A surfeit of research confirms that people activate personal, affective, and conceptual representations when perceiving the states of others. However, researchers continue to debate the role of self–other overlap in empathy due to a failure to dissociate neural overlap, subjective resonance, and personal distress. A perception–action view posits that neural-level overlap is necessary during early processing for all social understanding, but need not be conscious or aversive. This neural overlap can subsequently produce a variety of states depending on the context (...)
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  20. Darwin and the Situation of Emotion Research.Daniel M. Gross & Stephanie D. Preston - 2020 - Emotion Review 12 (3):179-190.
    This article demonstrates how researchers from both the sciences and the humanities can learn from Charles Darwin’s mixed methodology. We identify two basic challenges that face emotion research in the sciences, namely a mismatch between experiment design and the complexity of life that we aim to explain, and problematic efforts to bridge the gap, including invalid inferences from constrained study designs, and equivocal use of terms like “sympathy” and “empathy” that poorly reflect such methodological constraints. We argue that Darwin’s mixed (...)
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  21.  14
    Attentional Inhibition Mediates Inattentional Blindness.Preston P. Thakral & Scott D. Slotnick - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):636-643.
    Salient stimuli presented at unattended locations are not always perceived, a phenomenon termed inattentional blindness. We hypothesized that inattentional blindness may be mediated by attentional inhibition. It has been shown that attentional inhibition effects are maximal near an attended location. If our hypothesis is correct, inattentional blindness effects should similarly be maximal near an attended location. During central fixation, participants viewed rapidly presented colored digits at a peripheral location. An unexpected black circle was concurrently presented. Participants were instructed to maintain (...)
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  22.  9
    Guardian of Dialogue: Max Scheler's Phenomenology, Sociology of Knowledge, and Philosophy of Love, by Michael D. Barber.Francis Dunlop - 1995 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 26 (1):99-101.
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  23.  15
    Reporting an Exemplary Life as a Participating Citizen: Michael D. Barber, The Participating Citizen. A Biography of Alfred Schutz. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2004. 322 Pp. $25.00.Martin Endress - 2008 - Human Studies 31 (2):229-232.
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  24.  48
    Phenomenology and Rigid Dualisms: Joachim Renn's Critique of Alfred Schutz.Michael D. Barber - 2006 - Human Studies 29 (1):21-32.
    Joachim Renn argues that Schutz fails to integrate two fundamental strands in his work: phenomenology and pragmatism. Gaps between separated consciousnesses block synchronization and access to others, and objective symbol schemes, absorbed within the egological outlook, cannot bridge these gaps. Renn, however, construes phenomenology as practicing a solipsistic withdrawal of a self cut off from its environs, denies that contents correlative to individual intentional acts can be objective and common, and overlooks the intricacies of Schutz's descriptive methodology. Furthermore, for Renn, (...)
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  25. The Participating Citizen.Michael D. Barber - 2008 - Human Studies 31 (2):229-232.
     
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  26.  10
    Preston, Post, and the Principle of Public Responsibility.William D. Oberman - 1996 - Business and Society 35 (4):465-478.
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  27. Elbow Grease: The Experience of Effort in Action.J. Preston, D. M. Wegner, E. Morsella, J. A. Bargh & P. M. Gollwitzer - 2009 - In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Human Action. Oxford University Press.
     
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  28.  23
    Equality and Diversity: Phenomenological Investigations of Prejudice and Discrimination.Michael D. Barber - 2001 - Humanity Books.
  29.  29
    A New Method for Decorating Dislocations in Crystals of Alkali Halides.D. J. Barber, K. B. Harvey & J. W. Mitchell - 1957 - Philosophical Magazine 2 (17):704-708.
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  30.  20
    The Meaning in Empathy: Distinguishing Conceptual Encoding From Facial Mimicry, Trait Empathy, and Attention to Emotion.Alicia J. Hofelich & Stephanie D. Preston - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (1):119-128.
  31.  12
    Altruism in the Wild: When Affiliative Motives to Help Positive People Overtake Empathic Motives to Help the Distressed.David J. Hauser, Stephanie D. Preston & R. Brent Stansfield - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (3):1295-1305.
  32.  16
    Phenomenology and Rigid Dualisms: Joachim Renn’s Critique of Alfred Schutz.Michael D. Barber - 2006 - Human Studies 29 (3):269-282.
    Joachim Renn argues that Schutz fails to integrate two fundamental strands in his work: phenomenology and pragmatism. Gaps between separated consciousnesses block synchronization and access to others, and objective symbol schemes, absorbed within the egological outlook, cannot bridge these gaps. Renn, however, construes phenomenology as practicing a solipsistic withdrawal of a self cut off from its environs, denies that contents correlative to individual intentional acts can be objective and common, and overlooks the intricacies of Schutz’s descriptive methodology. Furthermore, for Renn, (...)
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  33.  12
    Congress Thera and the Aegean World. 3. Proceedings of the Third International Congress, Santorini, 3–9 September 1989. Ed. D. A. Hardy and A. C. Renfrew, Iii Chronology. London: Thera Foundation, 1990. Pp. 242, Numerous Illus. Price Not Stated. [REVIEW]R. L. N. Barber, Congress, D. A. Hardy & A. C. Renfrew - 1992 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 112:212-213.
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  34. Autonomy, Reciprocity, and Responsibility: Darwall and Levinas on the Second Person.Michael D. Barber - 2008 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (5):629 – 644.
    Stephen Darwall's The Second-Person Standpoint converges with Emmanuel Levinas's concern about the role of the second-person relationship in ethics. This paper contrasts their methodologies (regressive analysis of presuppositions versus phenomenology) to explain Darwall's narrower view of ethical experience in terms of expressed reactive attitudes. It delineates Darwall's overall justificatory strategy and the centrality of autonomy and reciprocity within it, in contrast to Levinas's emphasis on the experience of responsibility. Asymmetrical responsibility plays a more foundational role as a critical counterpoint to (...)
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  35.  45
    A Moment of Unconditional Validity? Schutz and the Habermas/Rorty Debate.Michael D. Barber - 2004 - Human Studies 27 (1):51-67.
    Richard Rorty challenges Jurgen Habermas's belief that validity-claims raised within context-bound discussions contain a moment of universality validity. Rorty argues that immersion within contingent languages prohibits any neutral, context-independent ground, that one cannot predict the defense of one's assertions before any audience, and that philosophy can no more escape its contextual limitations than strategic counterparts. Alfred Schutz's phenomenological account of motivation, the reciprocity of perspectives, and the theoretical province of meaning can articulate Habermas's intuitions.Since any claim can be analyzed from (...)
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  36.  14
    Unfulfilled Renown: Thomas Preston and the Anomalous Zeeman Effect.D. Weaire & S. O'Connor - 1987 - Annals of Science 44 (6):617-644.
    When leading spectroscopists in Europe and America were engaged, during 1897, in exploring the recently-discovered Zeeman Effect, they were overtaken by a relatively obscure phsicist working in Dublin. Thomas Preston had previously been known only for his excellent textbooks. His achievement in discovering the Anomalous Zeeman Effect was immediately recognized, but his untimely death has deprived posterity until now of a full account of his life and qualities.
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  37.  41
    Empathy: Each is in the Right – Hopefully, Not All in the Wrong.Stephanie D. Preston & Frans B. M. de Waal - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):49-58.
    Only a broad theory that looks across levels of analysis can encompass the many perspectives on the phenomenon of empathy. We address the major points of our commentators by emphasizing that the basic perception-action process, while automatic, is subject to control and modulation, and is greatly affected by experience and context because of the role of representations. The model can explain why empathy seems phenomenologically more effortful than reflexive, and why there are different levels of empathy across individuals, ages, and (...)
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  38.  13
    A Study of Guinier-Preston Zones in Aluminium-Copper Alloys Using the Weak-Beam Technique of Electron Microscopy.H. Yoshida, D. J. H. Cockayne & M. J. Whelan - 1976 - Philosophical Magazine 34 (1):89-100.
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  39.  51
    Author Reply: Understanding Empathy by Modeling Rather Than Organizing Its Contents.Stephanie D. Preston & Alicia J. Hofelich - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (1):38-39.
    Perception–action approaches are sometimes criticized because empathy takes cognitive forms and people do not overtly imitate or feel all observed states. These complaints reflect a misunderstanding of the framework, which we tried to clarify through a review that bridged social and neuroscientific views. Far from “simple fixes,” these misunderstandings appear to reflect deeply rooted differences in the way that each discipline conceptualizes science and the mind. We address the important points made by the commentators and reiterate the need to incorporate (...)
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  40. Societal-Level Versus Individual-Level Predictions of Ethical Behavior: A 48-Society Study of Collectivism and Individualism.David A. Ralston, Carolyn P. Egri, Olivier Furrer, Min-Hsun Kuo, Yongjuan Li, Florian Wangenheim, Marina Dabic, Irina Naoumova, Katsuhiko Shimizu, María Teresa Garza Carranza, Ping Ping Fu, Vojko V. Potocan, Andre Pekerti, Tomasz Lenartowicz, Narasimhan Srinivasan, Tania Casado, Ana Maria Rossi, Erna Szabo, Arif Butt, Ian Palmer, Prem Ramburuth, David M. Brock, Jane Terpstra-Tong, Ilya Grison, Emmanuelle Reynaud, Malika Richards, Philip Hallinger, Francisco B. Castro, Jaime Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Laurie Milton, Mahfooz Ansari, Arunas Starkus, Audra Mockaitis, Tevfik Dalgic, Fidel León-Darder, Hung Vu Thanh, Yong-lin Moon, Mario Molteni, Yongqing Fang, Jose Pla-Barber, Ruth Alas, Isabelle Maignan, Jorge C. Jesuino, Chay-Hoon Lee, Joel D. Nicholson, Ho-Beng Chia, Wade Danis, Ajantha S. Dharmasiri & Mark Weber - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (2):283–306.
    Is the societal-level of analysis sufficient today to understand the values of those in the global workforce? Or are individual-level analyses more appropriate for assessing the influence of values on ethical behaviors across country workforces? Using multi-level analyses for a 48-society sample, we test the utility of both the societal-level and individual-level dimensions of collectivism and individualism values for predicting ethical behaviors of business professionals. Our values-based behavioral analysis indicates that values at the individual-level make a more significant contribution to (...)
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  41.  9
    Electron Microscopy and Diffraction of Aluminium Oxide Whiskers.D. J. Barber - 1964 - Philosophical Magazine 10 (103):75-94.
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  42. Thinking From the Underside of History: Enrique Dussel's Philosophy of Liberation.Karl-Otto Apel, Michael D. Barber, Enrique Dussel, Roberto S. Goizueta, Lynda Lange, James L. Marsh, Walter D. Mignolo, Mario Saenz, Hans Schelkshorn & Elina Vuola (eds.) - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Enrique Dussel's writings span the theology of liberation, critiques of discourse ethics, evaluations of Marx, Levinas, Habermas, and others, but most importantly, the development of a philosophy written from the underside of Eurocentric modernist teleologies, an ethics of the impoverished, and the articulation of a unique Latin American theoretical perspective. This anthology of original articles by U.S. philosophers elucidating Dussel's thought, offers critical analyses from a variety of perspectives, including feminist ones. Also included is an essay by Dussel that responds (...)
     
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  43.  13
    Barber, Michael. The Intentional Spectrum and Intersubjectivity: Phenomenology the Pittsburgh Neo-Hegelians. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2011. $69.95 Botz-Bornstein, Thorsten, Ed. Inception and Philosophy: Ideas to Die For. Chicago: Open Court, 2011. $19.95 Pb. Bouchard, Larry D. Theater and Integrity: Emptying Selves in Drama, Ethics, and Religion. Evanston: North. [REVIEW]Jason Bridges, Mik Kolodyny & Wai-Hung Wong - forthcoming - Philosophy Today.
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  44.  23
    Short Notices.D. J. Foskett, John Hayes, John Cumming, M. F. Cleugh, E. B. Castle, A. E. M. Seaborne, K. G. Mukherjee, S. Beaumont, K. W. Keohane, John Lawson, C. P. Hill, Brian Holmes, R. D. Gidney, L. J. Lewis, Maurice Preston & A. C. F. Beales - 1968 - British Journal of Educational Studies 16 (2):220-232.
  45.  21
    Introduction.Michael D. Barber - 2009 - Schutzian Research 1:7-10.
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  46.  31
    Ronald Preston, William Temple, and the Future of Christian Politics.Mark D. Chapman - 2004 - Studies in Christian Ethics 17 (2):162-172.
    This article discusses Ronald Preston's understanding of William Temple and the relationships between the two thinkers. It shows how both develop a theology of Christian realism which places great emphasis on the autonomy of the social sciences and the importance of economic expertise. Questions are raised about the appropriateness of this method, as well as their understanding of the state as an order of creation: these can easily lead to the reduction of the sphere of political morality and its (...)
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  47. Preston, Confusions in Christian Social Ethics.D. Brown - 1996 - Studies in Christian Ethics 9:109-111.
     
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  48.  37
    Putting the Subjective Back Into Intersubjective: The Importance of Person-Specific, Distributed, Neural Representations in Perception-Action Mechanisms.Stephanie D. Preston - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (1):36-37.
    The shared circuits model (SCM) relies on well-regarded theories of perception-action, mirror neurons, and forward models, but the functional/informational level of the model limits its ability to explain complex behavior such as true imitation. Data from our lab and others confirm the more general details of the model, accepted by most, but specify the neural mechanisms involved in perception-action processes.
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  49.  14
    Emmanuel Levinas and the Philosophy of Liberation.Michael D. Barber - 1998 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 54 (3):473-481.
  50.  31
    BARBER, ALISON E., See Luce, RA BENJAMIN, JOHN D., See Orlitzky, M. CALTON, JERRY M.,“Dialogue and the Art of Thinking Together: A Pioneering Approach to Communicating in Business and in Life by William Isaacs”[Book Review], 343. CALTON, JERRY M.,“Ties That Bind: A Social Contracts Approach to Business Ethics By. [REVIEW]Dawn R. Elm, Ellen J. Kennedy & Leigh Lawton - 2001 - Business and Society 40 (4):492-494.
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