Results for 'Primi-Ashley Ranola'

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  1.  7
    How Long is Long Enough, and Have We Done Everything We Should?—Ethics of Calling Codes.Primi-Ashley Ranola, Raina M. Merchant, Sarah M. Perman, Abigail M. Khan, David Gaieski, Arthur L. Caplan & James N. Kirkpatrick - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (8):663-666.
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  2. Beit Professorship of Colonial History in the University of Oxford Statement of W.J. Ashley and Accompanying Letters.W. J. Ashley - 1905 - [S.N.].
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  3. William James Ashley a Life.Annie Ashley & John H. Muirhead - 1932 - P. S. King.
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  4. Ashley Montagu , "The Concept of the Primitive". [REVIEW]Benedict M. Ashley - 1968 - The Thomist 32 (4):589.
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  5. The Way Toward Wisdom: An Interdisciplinary and Intercultural Introduction to Metaphysics.Benedict M. Ashley - 2009 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    Working from a realist Thomistic epistemology, Ashley asserts that we must begin our search for wisdom in the natural sciences; only then, he believes, can we ensure that our claims about immaterial and invisible things are rooted in reliable experience of the material. Any attempt to share wisdom, he insists, must derive from a context that is both interdisciplinary and intercultural. Ashley offers an ambitious analysis and synthesis of major historical contributions to the unification of knowledge, including non-Western traditions. Beginning (...)
     
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  6. The Way Toward Wisdom: An Interdisciplinary and Intercultural Introduction to Metaphysics.Benedict M. Ashley - 2006 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    “This is an impressive, well-researched book, of great value. It offers the wider philosophical community a point of entrance, by a proponent of a certain type of Thomism, into a domain that all philosophers think they already understand. The result is the creation of a ‘big picture’ of human knowledge.” —Mark Johnson, Marquette University Working from a realist Thomistic epistemology, noted scholar Benedict Ashley, O.P., asserts that we must begin our search for wisdom in the natural sciences; only then, Ashley (...)
     
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  7.  9
    In Favor of Covering Ethically Important Cosmetic Surgeries: Facial Feminization Surgery for Transgender People.Florence Ashley & Carolyn Ells - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (12):23-25.
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  8.  53
    Automatically Classifying Case Texts and Predicting Outcomes.Kevin D. Ashley & Stefanie Brüninghaus - 2009 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 17 (2):125-165.
    Work on a computer program called SMILE + IBP (SMart Index Learner Plus Issue-Based Prediction) bridges case-based reasoning and extracting information from texts. The program addresses a technologically challenging task that is also very relevant from a legal viewpoint: to extract information from textual descriptions of the facts of decided cases and apply that information to predict the outcomes of new cases. The program attempts to automatically classify textual descriptions of the facts of legal problems in terms of Factors, a (...)
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  9.  9
    Puberty Blockers Are Necessary, but They Don’T Prevent Homelessness: Caring for Transgender Youth by Supporting Unsupportive Parents.Florence Ashley - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (2):87-89.
    Volume 19, Issue 6, June 2019, Page W3-W4.
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  10.  28
    Comment II.Benedict M. Ashley - 1965 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 39:248.
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  11.  62
    A History of AI and Law in 50 Papers: 25 Years of the International Conference on AI and Law. [REVIEW]Trevor Bench-Capon, Michał Araszkiewicz, Kevin Ashley, Katie Atkinson, Floris Bex, Filipe Borges, Daniele Bourcier, Paul Bourgine, Jack G. Conrad, Enrico Francesconi, Thomas F. Gordon, Guido Governatori, Jochen L. Leidner, David D. Lewis, Ronald P. Loui, L. Thorne McCarty, Henry Prakken, Frank Schilder, Erich Schweighofer, Paul Thompson, Alex Tyrrell, Bart Verheij, Douglas N. Walton & Adam Z. Wyner - 2012 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 20 (3):215-319.
    We provide a retrospective of 25 years of the International Conference on AI and Law, which was first held in 1987. Fifty papers have been selected from the thirteen conferences and each of them is described in a short subsection individually written by one of the 24 authors. These subsections attempt to place the paper discussed in the context of the development of AI and Law, while often offering some personal reactions and reflections. As a whole, the subsections build into (...)
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  12.  34
    Case-Based Approaches to Professional Ethics: A Systematic Comparison of Students' and Ethicists' Moral Reasoning.Matthewg Keefer & Kevin D. Ashley - 2001 - Journal of Moral Education 30 (4):377-398.
    This article provides a systematic analysis of the cognitive processes required for acquiring skill in practical ethical reasoning in a professional domain. We undertook this NSF-supported research project in part to study relationships between case-based instruction in professional ethics and cognitive analyses of ethical reasoning strategies. Using a web-based experimental design, we report striking differences in the students' and ethicists' use of knowledge and reasoning. Virtually all of the ethicists and some students' protocols made significant use of specialized professional knowledge (...)
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  13.  41
    Integrating Pragmatism and Ethics in Entrepreneurial Leadership for Sustainable Value Creation.Gita Surie & Allan Ashley - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (1):235-246.
    The relationship between entrepreneurship and ethics has largely been characterized as antithetical. In this article we develop a conceptual model integrating pragmatism, a philosophical approach that emphasizes experimentation and action characteristic of entrepreneurial leadership, with ethics to suggest that the two are not incompatible and that sustaining entrepreneurial leadership for value creation necessitates ethical action to build legitimacy. Case studies from the United States and India highlight the necessity of infusing pragmatism with ethics for sustainable entrepreneurial leadership.
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  14.  20
    The Role of the Philosophy of Nature in Catholic Liberal Education.Benedict M. Ashley - 1956 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 30:62.
  15.  19
    Significance in Non-Objective Art.Benedict M. Ashley - 1965 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 39:156.
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  16.  19
    Truth and Technology.Benedict M. Ashley - 1993 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 67:27.
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  17.  10
    Watchful Waiting Doesn’T Mean No Puberty Blockers, and Moving Beyond Watchful Waiting.Florence Ashley - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (6):W3-W4.
    Volume 19, Issue 6, June 2019, Page W3-W4.
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  18. Delayed Hominization: Catholic Theological Perspective.Benedict Ashley - forthcoming - The Interaction of Catholic Bioethics and Secular Society, Proceedings of the Eleventh Bishops’ Workshop in Dallas, Tx.
     
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  19. Health Care Ethics: A Theological Analysis.Benedict M. Ashley - 1997 - Georgetown University Press.
  20.  11
    Are There Gender Differences in Cognitive Reflection? Invariance and Differences Related to Mathematics.Caterina Primi, Maria Anna Donati, Francesca Chiesi & Kinga Morsanyi - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 24 (2):258-279.
    Cognitive reflection is recognized as an important skill, which is necessary for making advantageous decisions. Even though gender differences in the Cognitive Reflection test appear to be robust across multiple studies, little research has examined the source of the gender gap in performance. In Study 1, we tested the invariance of the scale across genders. In Study 2, we investigated the role of math anxiety, mathematical reasoning, and gender in CRT performance. The results attested the measurement equivalence of the Cognitive (...)
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  21.  22
    Validity and Reliability of an Instrument for Assessing Case Analyses in Bioengineering Ethics Education.Ilya M. Goldin, Rosa Lynn Pinkus & Kevin Ashley - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (3):789-807.
    Assessment in ethics education faces a challenge. From the perspectives of teachers, students, and third-party evaluators like the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology and the National Institutes of Health, assessment of student performance is essential. Because of the complexity of ethical case analysis, however, it is difficult to formulate assessment criteria, and to recognize when students fulfill them. Improvement in students’ moral reasoning skills can serve as the focus of assessment. In previous work, Rosa Lynn Pinkus and Claire Gloeckner (...)
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  22.  11
    Gatekeeping Hormone Replacement Therapy for Transgender Patients is Dehumanising.Florence Ashley - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (7):480-482.
    Although informed consent models for prescribing hormone replacement therapy are becoming increasingly prevalent, many physicians continue to require an assessment and referral letter from a mental health professional prior to prescription. Drawing on personal and communal experience, the author argues that assessment and referral requirements are dehumanising and unethical, foregrounding the ways in which these requirements evidence a mistrust of trans people, suppress the diversity of their experiences and sustain an unjustified double standard in contrast to other forms of clinical (...)
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  23.  33
    A Note on Dimensions and Factors.Edwina L. Rissland & Kevin D. Ashley - 2002 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 10 (1-3):65-77.
    In this short note, we discuss several aspectsof dimensions and the related constructof factors. We concentrate on those aspectsthat are relevant to articles in this specialissue, especially those dealing with the analysisof the wild animal cases discussed inBerman and Hafner's 1993 ICAIL article. We reviewthe basic ideas about dimensions,as used in HYPO, and point out differences withfactors, as used in subsequent systemslike CATO. Our goal is to correct certainmisconceptions that have arisen over the years.
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  24.  47
    Emerging AI & Law Approaches to Automating Analysis and Retrieval of Electronically Stored Information in Discovery Proceedings.Kevin D. Ashley & Will Bridewell - 2010 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 18 (4):311-320.
    This article provides an overview of, and thematic justification for, the special issue of the journal of Artificial Intelligence and Law entitled “E-Discovery”. In attempting to define a characteristic “AI & Law” approach to e-discovery, and since a central theme of AI & Law involves computationally modeling legal knowledge, reasoning and decision making, we focus on the theme of representing and reasoning with litigators’ theories or hypotheses about document relevance through a variety of techniques including machine learning. We also identify (...)
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  25.  39
    Developmental Changes in Probabilistic Reasoning: The Role of Cognitive Capacity, Instructions, Thinking Styles, and Relevant Knowledge.Francesca Chiesi, Caterina Primi & Kinga Morsanyi - 2011 - Thinking and Reasoning 17 (3):315 - 350.
    In three experiments we explored developmental changes in probabilistic reasoning, taking into account the effects of cognitive capacity, thinking styles, and instructions. Normative responding increased with grade levels and cognitive capacity in all experiments, and it showed a negative relationship with superstitious thinking. The effect of instructions (in Experiments 2 and 3) was moderated by level of education and cognitive capacity. Specifically, only higher-grade students with higher cognitive capacity benefited from instructions to reason on the basis of logic. The implications (...)
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  26.  79
    Case-Based Reasoning and its Implications for Legal Expert Systems.Kevin D. Ashley - 1992 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 1 (2-3):113-208.
    Reasoners compare problems to prior cases to draw conclusions about a problem and guide decision making. All Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) employs some methods for generalizing from cases to support indexing and relevance assessment and evidences two basic inference methods: constraining search by tracing a solution from a past case or evaluating a case by comparing it to past cases. Across domains and tasks, however, humans reason with cases in subtly different ways evidencing different mixes of and mechanisms for these components.In (...)
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  27.  24
    Cloning, Aquinas, and the Embryonic Person.Benedict Ashley & Albert Moraczewski - 2001 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 1 (2):189-201.
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  28.  52
    Executive Compensation and Earnings Persistence.Allan S. Ashley & Simon S. M. Yang - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 50 (4):369-382.
    Governing boards utilize executive compensation contracts in an attempt to align executive actions with corporate goals. The objective is to ensure that executive performance provides value to the organization in terms of successful outcomes. A key performance criteria typically specified in CEO compensation contracts is earnings targets. However, using earnings as a performance evaluation may be problematic because some firms exhibit robust and sustained earnings over time (high earnings persistence), and other firms, such as high growth oriented firms, exhibit weak (...)
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  29.  7
    Principles of Political Economy with Some of Their Applications to Social Philosophy.John Stuart Mill & W. J. Ashley - 1911 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 8 (1):26-26.
  30.  66
    An AI Model of Case-Based Legal Argument From a Jurisprudential Viewpoint.Kevin D. Ashley - 2002 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 10 (1-3):163-218.
    This article describes recent jurisprudential accountsof analogical legal reasoning andcompares them in detail to the computational modelof case-based legal argument inCATO. The jurisprudential models provide a theoryof relevance based on low-levellegal principles generated in a process ofcase-comparing reflective adjustment. Thejurisprudential critique focuses on the problemsof assigning weights to competingprinciples and dealing with erroneously decidedprecedents. CATO, a computerizedinstructional environment, employs ArtificialIntelligence techniques to teach lawstudents how to make basic legal argumentswith cases. The computational modelhelps students test legal hypotheses againsta database of (...)
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  31.  46
    Albertus Magnus on Aristotle’s Metaphysics, Bk. I, Tr. 1.Benedict M. Ashley - 1996 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 70 (1):137-155.
  32. Unfolding the Future: Bifurcation in Organizing Form and Emergence in Social Systems.James K. Hazy & A. Ashley - 2011 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 13 (3):58-80.
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  33.  23
    Mary's Mother: Saint Anne in Late Medieval Europe. Virginia Nixon.Kathleen Ashley - 2006 - Speculum 81 (2):573-575.
  34.  98
    Hume's Theory of the Self and its Identity.Lawrence Ashley & Michael Stack - 1974 - Dialogue 13 (2):239-254.
    In our paper we attempt an examination of Hume's positive contributions to the problem of personal identity. In contrast to Penelhum, smith and others, we argue that Hume can and does make sense of the identity of persons through time, but that this identity is not perfect in nature. We argue that Hume presents a logical construction theory of the self. We explain how such a view accounts for our identity and individuality and why it conforms to the empiricist approach.
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  35.  22
    Analogy and Inference.William H. Shaw & L. R. Ashley - 1983 - Dialogue 22 (3):415-432.
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  36.  33
    Catholicism as a Sign System: Three Religious Languages.Benedict Ashley - 1993 - American Journal of Semiotics 10 (1/2):67-84.
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  37.  24
    Ethics of Health Care: An Introductory Textbook.Benedict M. Ashley - 1994 - Georgetown University Press.
    Contending that concern over the ethical dimensions of these and other like issues are no longer just in the domain of those involved in medical practice, the ...
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  38.  38
    The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Women's Writing. Carolyn Dinshaw, David Wallace.Kathleen Ashley - 2005 - Speculum 80 (1):212-214.
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  39.  27
    A Postmodern History of Philosophy.Benedict Ashley - 2005 - American Journal of Semiotics 21 (1/4):5-10.
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  40.  52
    That a State Establishment of Any Religion Claiming Divine Revelation Is Contrary to Natural Law.Ralph Austin Powell & Benedict Ashley - 2000 - Semiotics:455-469.
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  41.  26
    Gender and Power in Medieval Exegesis. [REVIEW]Kathleen Ashley - 2012 - Speculum 87 (3):929-931.
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  42.  16
    Chromosome Chains and Platypus Sex: Kinky Connections.Terry Ashley - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (7):681-684.
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  43. Cloning, Aquinas, and the Embryonic Person.Rev Benedict Ashley & Rev Albert Moraczewski - 2001 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 1 (2):189-201.
     
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  44.  3
    Tailoring Self-Help Mindfulness and Relaxation Techniques for Stroke Survivors: Examining Preferences, Feasibility and Acceptability.Xu Wang, Connie Smith, Laura Ashley & Michael E. Hyland - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  45.  25
    L'Art d'éduquer les nobles damoiselles: Le livre du Chevalier de la Tour Landry. Anne Marie De Gendt.Kathleen Ashley - 2005 - Speculum 80 (3):861-862.
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  46.  21
    Patterns of Divine Comedy: A Study of Mediaeval English Drama.R. D. S. Jack.Kathleen Ashley - 1991 - Speculum 66 (4):897-898.
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  47.  4
    Institutional Ethics Committees: Issues of Confidentiality and Immunity.Ronald E. Cranford, F. Allen Hester & Barbara Ziegler Ashley - 1985 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 13 (2):52-60.
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  48.  16
    The Call for Internationalization of the University: Is Anybody Listening?Susan J. Cook, Charles S. Colgan & Kathleen Ashley - 1991 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 7 (2):10-13.
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  49.  3
    Institutional Ethics Committees: Issues of Confidentiality and Immunity.Ronald E. Cranford, F. Allen Hester & Barbara Ziegler Ashley - 1985 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 13 (2):52-60.
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  50.  32
    Graceful Reason: Essays in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy Presented to Joseph Owens, CSSR. Edited by Lloyd P. Gerson.Benedict M. Ashley - 1987 - Modern Schoolman 64 (2):124-125.
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