Results for 'Principle of Sufficient Reason'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Reassessment.Alexander R. Pruss - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason says that all contingent facts must have explanation. In this 2006 volume, which was the first on the topic in the English language in nearly half a century, Alexander Pruss examines the substantive philosophical issues raised by the Principle Reason. Discussing various forms of the PSR and selected historical episodes, from Parmenides, Leibnez, and Hume, Pruss defends the claim that every true contingent proposition must have an explanation against major objections, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  2.  62
    Principle of Sufficient Reason.Fatema Amijee - 2021 - Encyclopedia of Early Modern Philosophy and the Sciences.
  3. The Principle of Sufficient Reason in Spinoza.Martin Lin - 2017 - In Michael Della Rocca (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Spinoza. New York:
  4. The Principle of Sufficient Reason and Necessitarianism.Kris McDaniel - 2019 - Analysis 79 (2):230-236.
    Peter van Inwagen presented a powerful argument against the Principle of Sufficient Reason, which I henceforth abbreviate as ‘PSR’. For decades, the consensus was that this argument successfully refuted PSR. However, now a growing consensus holds that van Inwagen’s argument is fatally flawed, at least when ‘sufficient reason’ is understood in terms of ground, for on this understanding, an ineliminable premiss of van Inwagen’s argument is demonstrably false and cannot be repaired. I will argue that (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  5. Principle of Sufficient Reason.Yitzhak Melamed & Martin Lin - unknown - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason is a powerful and controversial philosophical principle stipulating that everything must have a reason or cause. This simple demand for thoroughgoing intelligibility yields some of the boldest and most challenging theses in the history of metaphysics and epistemology. In this entry we begin with explaining the Principle, and then turn to the history of the debates around it. A section on recent discussions of the Principle will be added (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  6. The Principle of Sufficient Reason Defended: There Is No Conjunction of All Contingently True Propositions.Christopher M. P. Tomaszewski - 2016 - Philosophia 44 (1):267-274.
    Toward the end of his classic treatise An Essay on Free Will, Peter van Inwagen offers a modal argument against the Principle of Sufficient Reason which he argues shows that the principle “collapses all modal distinctions.” In this paper, a critical flaw in this argument is shown to lie in van Inwagen’s beginning assumption that there is such a thing as the conjunction of all contingently true propositions. This is shown to follow from Cantor’s theorem and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7. The Principle of Sufficient Reason.Gordon Belot - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (2):55-74.
    The paper is about the physical theories which result when one identifies points in phase space related by symmetries; with applications to problems concerning gauge freedom and the structure of spacetime in classical mechanics.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  8.  59
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason, the Ontological Argument and the Is/Ought Distinction.Omri Boehm - 2016 - European Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):556-579.
    Kant's attack on metaphysics consists in large part in his attack on a principle that he names the Supreme Principle of Pure Reason. This principle, it is not often noticed, is the Principle of Sufficient Reason [PSR]. In interpreting this principle as such, I argue that Kant's attack on the PSR depends on Kant's claim that existence is not a first-order predicate. If existence isn't what Kant calls a real predicate, the PSR (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  9. Reasoning Without the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Shieva Kleinschmidt - 2013 - In Tyron Goldschmidt (ed.), The Philosophy of Existence: Why Is There Something Rather Than Nothing? Routledge. pp. 64-79.
    According to Principles of Sufficient Reason, every truth (in some relevant group) has an explanation. One of the most popular defenses of Principles of Sufficient Reason has been the presupposition of reason defense, which takes endorsement of the defended PSR to play a crucial role in our theory selection. According to recent presentations of this defense, our method of theory selection often depends on the assumption that, if a given proposition is true, then it has (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  10. Indefinite Extensibility and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Geoffrey Hall - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (2):471-492.
    The principle of sufficient reason threatens modal collapse. Some have suggested that by appealing to the indefinite extensibility of contingent truth, the threat is neutralized. This paper argues that this is not so. If the indefinite extensibility of contingent truth is developed in an analogous fashion to the most promising models of the indefinite extensibility of the concept set, plausible principles permit the derivation of modal collapse.
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11. Prevention, Preemption, and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Christopher Hitchcock - 2007 - Philosophical Review 116 (4):495-532.
  12.  91
    Plural Grounding and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Jonas Werner - 2020 - Analysis 80 (1):90-95.
    In a recent article published in this journal, Kris McDaniel proposes a variant of Peter van Inwagen’s argument against the principle of sufficient reason that makes crucial use of plural grounding. In this response paper I object to McDaniel’s argument. I argue that there is no notion of plural grounding available that is both irreflexive in the sense required for the argument to go through and general enough to formulate the principle of sufficient reason (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  13.  37
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason in Some Scholastic Systems, 1750-1900.John Edwin Gurr - 1959 - Marquette University Press.
  14.  89
    Avicenna and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Kara Richardson - 2014 - Review of Metaphysics 67 (4):743-768.
    The term “principle of sufficient reason” was coined by Leibniz, and he is often regarded as its paradigmatic proponent. But as Leibniz himself often insisted, he was by no means the first philosopher to appeal to the idea that everything must have a reason. Histories of the principle attribute versions of it to various ancient authors. A few of these studies include—or at least do not exclude—medieval philosophers; one finds the PSR in Abelard, another finds (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  15.  29
    Prevention, Preemption, and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Christopher Hitchcock - 2007 - Philosophical Review 116 (4):495-532.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   56 citations  
  16. Grounding the Principle of Sufficient Reason: Leibnizian Rationalism Versus the Humean Challenge.Brandon C. Look - 2011 - In Carlos Fraenkel, Dario Perinetti & Justin Smith (eds.), The Rationalists: Between Tradition and Revolution. Springer. pp. 201--219.
    This essay examines arguments offered in support of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) by Leibniz and his followers as well as Hume's critique of the PSR. It is shown that Leibniz has a defensible argument for the PSR, whereas the arguments of his self-proclaimed followers are weak. Thus, Hume's challenge is met by Leibniz, by Wolff and Baumgarten not so much.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  17. On Some Leibnizian Arguments for the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Stephen Harrop - 2020 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 37 (2):143-162.
    Leibniz often refers to the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) as something like a first principle. In some texts, however, he attempts to give positive arguments in its favor. I examine two such arguments, and find them wanting. The first argument has two defects. First, it is question-begging; and second, when the question-begging step is excised, the principle one can in fact derive is highly counter-intuitive. The second argument is valid, but has the defect of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18. A Restricted Principle of Sufficient Reason and the Cosmological Argument.Alexander R. Pruss - 2004 - Religious Studies 40 (2):165-179.
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) says that, necessarily, every contingently true proposition has an explanation. The PSR is the most controversial premise in the cosmological argument for the existence of God. It is likely that one reason why a number of philosophers reject the PSR is that they think there are conceptual counter-examples to it. For instance, they may think, with Peter van Inwagen, that the conjunction of all contingent propositions cannot have an explanation, or (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  19.  30
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Reassessment. [REVIEW]David Werther - 2010 - Faith and Philosophy 27 (1):94-98.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  67
    After Contingency: Toward the Principle of Sufficient Reason as Post Factum.Tyler Tritten - 2015 - Symposium 19 (1):24-38.
    This essay argues for the contingency of necessity. The thesis is that contingency constitutes the possibility of necessity, which is always subsequent to contingency, only contingent necessity, a mere modality of contingent being. This study posits the contingency of necessity through a reading of Quentin Meillassoux and the late lectures of F. W. J. Schelling. While Meillassoux argues for the necessity of contingency, Schelling seeks to uncover the contingency at the heart of what is necessary. Although the principle of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21.  40
    Fundamental Truths and the Principle of Sufficient Reason in Bolzano's Theory of Grounding.Stefan Roski & Benjamin Schnieder - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (4):675-706.
    reality is a complex affair. It comprises a huge variety of different elements. Importantly, though, reality is not a mere aggregate of its elements but rather a structured whole or system whose building blocks are not all on the same level. Instead, they form hierarchical networks ordered by relations of priority. In such networks, derivative aspects of reality obtain in virtue of their grounds, that is, in virtue of more fundamental aspects of reality that are prior to them.This picture of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  22.  10
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason in Some Scholastic Systems, 1750-1900.L. J. Russell & John Edwin Gurr - 1961 - Philosophical Review 70 (1):135.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  23.  5
    On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Arthur Schopenhauer - 1974 - La Salle, Ill., Open Court.
    Machine generated contents note: General editor's preface; Editorial notes and references; Introduction; Notes on text and translation; Chronology; Bibliography; Part I. On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason: 1. Introduction; 2. Survey of what is most important in previous teachings about the principle of sufficient reason; 3. Inadequacy of previous accounts and sketch of a new one; 4. On the first class of objects for the subject and the form of the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  24. How to Refute Principles of Sufficient Reason.John F. Post - 1999
    Outlines a conceptual argument against the Principle of Sufficient reason. The argument is presented in detail in earlier work, and is based on deductive inferences from PSR's own concept of explanation. The argument shows that not everything can have an explanation of the sort claimed by PSR. So far from being a presupposition of reason itself, as some think, PSR can be refuted by reason, arguing only from PSR's own concept of explanation. Hence PSR cannot (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  25.  56
    Violations of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (in Leibniz and Spinoza).Michael Della Rocca - 2012 - In Fabrice Correia & Benjamin Schnieder (eds.), Metaphysical Grounding: Understanding the Structure of Reality. Cambridge University Press. pp. 139-164.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  26. On the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Jacek Wojtysiak - 2007 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):111-135.
    The aim of this paper is to defend the ontological Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR-O). I analyse various versions of this principle and various ways of justifying it. Then I attempt to challenge some counterexamples allegedly refuting a universal application of the PSR-O. There are standard and non-standard versions of the PSR-O. The PSR-Ostand can only be valid if there are no chains of contingent reasons and outcomes with first modules, i.e. all chains are actually infinite. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  27. Principle of Sufficient Reason.Fatema Amijee - 2020 - In Michael J. Raven (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Metaphysical Grounding. New York: Routledge. pp. 63-75.
    According to the Principle of Sufficient Reason (henceforth ‘PSR’), everything has an explanation or sufficient reason. This paper addresses three questions. First, how continuous is the contemporary notion of grounding with the notion of sufficient reason endorsed by Spinoza, Leibniz, and other rationalists? In particular, does a PSR formulated in terms of ground retain the intuitive pull and power of the PSR endorsed by the rationalists? Second, to what extent can the PSR avoid (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  46
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason and Libertarianism: A Critique of Pruss.Brandon Rdzak - forthcoming - Philosophia:1-16.
    Alexander Pruss’s Principle of Sufficient Reason states that every contingent true proposition has an explanation. Pruss thinks that he can plausibly maintain both his PSR and his account of libertarian free will. This is because his libertarianism has it that contingent true propositions reporting free choices are self-explanatory. But I don’t think Pruss can plausibly maintain both his PSR and libertarianism without a rift occurring in one or the other. Similar to the old luck/randomness objection, I contend (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. On a Principle of Sufficient Reason.Brian Leftow - 2003 - Religious Studies 39 (3):269-286.
    In The Metaphysics of Creation and The Metaphysics of Theism, Norman Kretzmann defends an argument for God's existence which he claims to find in Aquinas. I assess this argument's key premise, a principle of sufficient reason, that: ‘PSR2: Every existing thing has a reason for its existence either in the necessity of its own nature or in the causal efficacy of some other beings’. PSR2 requires God's nature to explain His existence. Kretzmann does not tell us (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  30.  20
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason and the Uncaused Beginning of the Universe.Chad Allen - 1997 - Dialogue 36 (3):555-562.
    Des philosophes théistes comme Thomas D. Sullivan ont adapté les arguments cosmologiques bases sur le Principe de raison suffisante pour les ajuster à la cosmologie contemporaine du Big Bang Leur thèse centrale est que uisque le Big Bang n'a pas pu avoir une cause physique et puisque tout a une cause, le Big Bang a dû avoir une cause non physique ou surnaturelle. Des philosophes non théistes qui acceptent la cosmologie standard du Big Bang ont remis en question la vérité (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  31.  95
    A Defense of a Principle of Sufficient Reason.Quentin Smith - 1995 - Metaphilosophy 26 (1‐2):97-106.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  32.  8
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason and the Development of Formal Logic.Ni Dingfu - 1981 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 12 (3):16-28.
    Whether or not the principle of sufficient reason is a fundamental rule of formal logic is a question that merits serious discussion. In debates from as early as the 1960s, when discussing the subject and functions of formal logic, some comrades pointed out that formal logic cannot study just the forms of thought alone. One of their basic arguments was that "the principle of sufficient reason demands that the content of a premise must be (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  11
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason and the Development of Formal Logic: A Discussion with Comrade Li Xiankun.Ni Dingfu - 1976 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 7 (3):16-28.
    Whether or not the principle of sufficient reason is a fundamental rule of formal logic is a question that merits serious discussion. In debates from as early as the 1960s, when discussing the subject and functions of formal logic, some comrades pointed out that formal logic cannot study just the forms of thought alone. One of their basic arguments was that "the principle of sufficient reason demands that the content of a premise must be (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  15
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason in Some Scholastic Systems 1750-1900. [REVIEW]S. F. L. - 1960 - Review of Metaphysics 13 (3):530-530.
    In an effort to document the infiltration of rationalistic and essentialistic patterns of thought in nineteenth century scholasticism, Father Gurr has been patient and thorough enough to search through most of the Catholic manuals in use from 1750 to 1900, focusing on the single problem of the principle of sufficient reason. Whatever the ultimate origins of this principle, it received its classic formulation with Leibniz and Wolff. It is from these thinkers that the manual writers borrowed (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  50
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason and Free Will.Blake McAllister - 2010 - Stance 3:1-8.
    I examine Leibniz’s version of the Principle of Sufficient Reason with respect to free will, paying particular attention to Peter van Inwagen’s argument that this principle leads to determinism. Ultimately I conclude that Leibniz’s formulation is incompatible with free will. I then discuss a reformulation of the Principle of Sufficient Reason endorsed by Alexander Pruss that, I argue, manages to both retain the strength of Leibniz’s formulation and remain consistent with free will.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  34
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Moral Argument: MARK T. NELSON.Mark T. Nelson - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (1):15-26.
    The Clarke/Rowe version of the Cosmological Argument is sound only if the Principle of Sufficient Reason is true, but many philosophers, including Rowe, think that there is not adequate evidence for the principle of sufficient reason. I argue that there may be indirect evidence for PSR on the grounds that if we do not accept it, we lose our best justification for an important principle of metaethics, namely, the Principle of Universalizability. To (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Moral Argument.Mark T. Nelson - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (1):15-26.
    The Clarke/Rowe version of the Cosmological Argument is sound only if the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) is true, but many philosophers, including Rowe, think that there is not adequate evidence for the principle of sufficient reason. I argue that there may be indirect evidence for PSR on the grounds that if we do not accept it, we lose our best justification for an important principle of metaethics, namely, the Principle of Universalizability. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  56
    Critical Rationalism and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Gunnar Andersson - 2009 - In Zuzana Parusniková & R. S. Cohen (eds.), Rethinking Popper. Springer. pp. 21--30.
  39.  65
    Alexander Pruss the Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Reassessment. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006). Pp. XIII+335. £48.00 (Hbk). [REVIEW]Kevin Davey - 2007 - Religious Studies 43 (4):500-503.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40.  78
    On Schopenhauer's Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason.F. C. WHITE - 1992 - E.J. Brill.
    This book is a philosophical commentary on Schopenhauer's "Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason," dealing with each of Schopenhauer's principal ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  41.  18
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Study of Heideggerian Self-Criticism.John D. Caputo - 1975 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 13 (4):419-426.
  42.  2
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Study of a Heideggerian Self-Criticism.John D. Caputo - 1975 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 13 (4):419-426.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  9
    Leibniz’s Justification of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (Mainly) in the Correspondence with Clarke.Paul Lodge - 2018 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 21 (1):69-91.
    The aim of this paper is to shed light on Leibniz’s justification of the Principle of Sufficient Reason. It approaches this issue through a close textual analysis of the correspondence with Samuel Clarke and a more abstruse and lesser-known writing, ‘Leibniz’s Philosophical Dream’.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  44.  34
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason.Ismay Barwell & Kathleen Lennon - 1983 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 83:19 - 33.
  45.  5
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason in German Philosophy of the Enlightenment.Darya Fetisova - 2013 - Kantovskij Sbornik 4:64-75.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Reassessment.Alexander Pruss - 2007 - Religious Studies 43 (4):500-503.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  47. The Principle of Sufficient Reason and the Development of Formal Logic+ Leibnitz.Df Ni - 1981 - Chinese Studies in Philosophy 12 (3):16-28.
  48. Kant and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Huaping Lu-Adler - 2021 - Review of Metaphysics 74:301–30.
    Leibniz, and many following him, saw the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) as pivotal to a scientific (demonstrated) metaphysics. Against this backdrop, Kant is expected to pay close attention to PSR in his reflections on the possibility of metaphysics, which is his chief concern in the Critique of Pure Reason. It is far from clear, however, what has become of PSR in the Critique. On one reading, Kant has simply turned it into the causal principle (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. Alexander Baumgarten on the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Courtney D. Fugate - 2014 - Philosophica -- Revista Do Departamento de Filosofia da Faculdade de Letras de Lisboa 44.
    This paper defends the Principle of Sufficient Reason, taking Baumgarten as its guide. The primary aim is not to vindicate the principle, but rather to explore the kinds of resources Baumgarten originally thought sufficient to justify the PSR against its early opponents. The paper also considers Baumgarten's possible responses to Kant's pre-Critical objections to the proof of the PSR. The paper finds that Baumgarten possesses reasonable responses to all these objections. While the paper notes that (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  47
    A Rationalist Manifesto: Spinoza and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Michael Della Rocca - 2003 - Philosophical Topics 31 (1):75-93.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000