Results for 'Problem of Other Minds'

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  1. XII—Is There a Problem of Other Minds?Anil Gomes - 2011 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 111 (3pt3):353-373.
    Scepticism is sometimes expressed about whether there is any interesting problem of other minds. In this paper I set out a version of the conceptual problem of other minds which turns on the way in which mental occurrences are presented to the subject and situate it in relation to debates about our knowledge of other people's mental lives. The result is a distinctive problem in the philosophy of mind concerning our relation to (...)
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  2. The Problem of Other Minds: Wittgenstein's Phenomenological Perspective. [REVIEW]Søren Overgaard - 2006 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 5 (1):53-73.
    This paper discusses Wittgenstein's take on the problem of other minds. In opposition to certain widespread views that I collect under the heading of the “No Problem Interpretation,” I argue that Wittgenstein does address some problem of other minds. However, Wittgenstein's problem is not the traditional epistemological problem of other minds; rather, it is more reminiscent of the issue of intersubjectivity as it emerges in the writings of phenomenologists such (...)
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  3.  64
    David Hume and the Problem of Other Minds.Anik Waldow - 2009 - Continuum.
    The problem of other minds has widely been considered as a special problem within the debate about scepticism. If one cannot be sure that there is a world existing independently of one's mind, how can we be sure that there are minds - minds which we cannot even experience the way we experience material objects? This book shows, through a detailed examination of David Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature, that these concerns are unfounded. (...)
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  4. Solipsism and the Problem of Other Minds.Stephen Thornton - 2004 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  5. Neuroethics and the Problem of Other Minds: Implications of Neuroscience for the Moral Status of Brain-Damaged Patients and Nonhuman Animals. [REVIEW]Martha J. Farah - 2008 - Neuroethics 1 (1):9-18.
    Our ethical obligations to another being depend at least in part on that being’s capacity for a mental life. Our usual approach to inferring the mental state of another is to reason by analogy: If another being behaves as I do in a circumstance that engenders a certain mental state in me, I conclude that it has engendered the same mental state in him or her. Unfortunately, as philosophers have long noted, this analogy is fallible because behavior and mental states (...)
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  6.  80
    The Problem of Other Minds in the Buddhist Epistemological Tradition.Masahiro Inami - 2001 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 29 (4):465-483.
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  7. Emotions and the Problem of Other Minds.Hanna Pickard - 2003 - In A. Hatimoysis (ed.), Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement. Cambridge University Press. pp. 87-103.
    The problem of other minds is a collection of problems centering upon the extent to which our belief in other minds or other's minds can be justified. Swedish psychologist, Gunnar Borg has developed a principle called "the range principle" which helps fill out our "knowledge" of other minds. Borg developed this principle partly in response to the skeptical challenge of Harvard psychophysicist S S Stevens. Stevens claimed that the intersubjective comparison of (...)
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  8. Problems of Other Minds: Solutions and Dissolutions in Analytic and Continental Philosophy.Jack Reynolds - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (4):326-335.
    While there is a great diversity of treatments of other minds and inter-subjectivity within both analytic and continental philosophy, this article specifies some of the core structural differences between these treatments. Although there is no canonical account of the problem of other minds that can be baldly stated and that is exhaustive of both traditions, the problem(s) of other minds can be loosely defined in family resemblances terms. It seems to have: (1) (...)
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  9. The Problem of Other Minds.Bruce Aune - 1961 - Philosophical Review 70 (July):320-339.
  10.  70
    The Moral Problem of Other Minds.Jeff Sebo - 2018 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 25:51-70.
    In this paper I ask how we should treat other beings in cases of uncertainty about sentience. I evaluate three options: an incautionary principle that permits us to treat other beings as non-sentient, a precautionary principle that requires us to treat other beings as sentient, and an expected value principle that requires us to multiply our subjective probability that other beings are sentient by the amount of moral value they would have if they were. I then (...)
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  11. Evolution and the Problem of Other Minds.Elliott Sober - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (7):365-387.
    We learned from Good that there is no saying whether a black raven confirms the generalization that all ravens are black unless one is prepared to make substantive background assumptions. The same point, applied to the problem of other minds, is that the mere observation that Self and Other share certain behaviors and that Self has a mind is not enough. The problem of other minds turns into the problem of searching out (...)
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  12. Joint Attention and the Problem of Other Minds.Johannes Roessler - 2005 - In Naomi Eilan, Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Johannes Roessler (eds.), Joint Attention: Communication and Other Minds: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    The question of what it means to be aware of others as subjects of mental states is often construed as the question of how we are epistemically justified in attributing mental states to others. The dominant answer to this latter question is that we are so justified in virtue of grasping the role of mental states in explaining observed behaviour. This chapter challenges this picture and formulates an alternative by reflecting on the interpretation of early joint attention interactions. It argues (...)
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  13.  73
    Emotions and the Problem of Other Minds.Hanna Pickard - 2003 - In A. Hatimoysis (ed.), Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement. pp. 87-103.
    Can consideration of the emotions help to solve the problem of other minds? Intuitively, it should. We often think of emotions as public: as observable in the body, face, and voice of others. Perhaps you can simply see another's disgust or anger, say, in her demeanour and expression; or hear the sadness clearly in his voice. Publicity of..
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  14.  58
    Buddhist Idealism and the Problem of Other Minds.Roy W. Perrett - 2017 - Asian Philosophy 27 (1):59-68.
    This essay is concerned with Indian Yogācāra philosophers’ treatment of the problem of other minds in the face of a threatened collapse into solipsism suggested by Vasubandhu’s epistemological argument for idealism. I discuss the attempts of Dharmakīrti and Ratnakīrti to address this issue, concluding that Dharmakīrti is best seen as addressing the epistemological problem of other minds and Ratnakīrti as addressing the conceptual problem of other minds.
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  15.  11
    V. Emotions and the Problem of Other Minds: Hanna Pickard.Hanna Pickard - 2003 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 52:87-103.
    Can consideration of the emotions help to solve the problem of other minds? Intuitively, it should. We often think of emotions as public: as observable in the body, face, and voice of others. Perhaps you can simply see another's disgust or anger, say, in her demeanour and expression; or hear the sadness clearly in his voice. Publicity of mind, meanwhile, is just what is demanded by some solutions to the problem. But what does this demand amount (...)
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  16.  74
    The Problem of Other Minds: A Debate Between Schrödinger and Carnap. [REVIEW]Michel Bitbol - 2004 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (1):115-123.
    This paper reviews the debate between Carnap and Schrödinger about Hypothesis P (It is not only I who have perceptions and thoughts; other human beings have them too)–a hypothesis that underlies the possibility of doing science. For Schrödinger this hypothesis is not scientifically testable; for Carnap it is. But Schrödinger and Carnap concede too much to each other and miss an alternative understanding: science does not depend on an explicit hypothesis concerning what other human beings see and (...)
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  17.  64
    Thompson Clarke and the Problem of Other Minds.Charles Sayward - 2005 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 13 (1):1-14.
    The force of sceptical inquiries into out knowledge of other people is a paradigm of the force that philosophical views can have. Sceptical views arise out of philosophical inquiries that are identical in all major respects with inquiries that we employ in ordinary cases. These inquiries employ perfectly mundane methods of making and assessing claims to know. This paper tries to show that these inquiries are conducted in cases that lack certain contextual ingredients found in ordinary cases. The paper (...)
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  18. What is the Problem of Other Minds?Colin McGinn - 1984 - Aristotelian Society Proceedings 58:119-37.
     
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  19.  40
    An Answer to the Problem of Other Minds.Maria Antonietta Perna - 2008 - PhaenEx 3 (1):1-31.
    The present paper sets out to counter the claim put forward by British philosopher of mind, Robert Kirk, according to which Sartre's notion of consciousness as for-itself, while offering some valuable insights regarding human existence, nonetheless fails to engage with the problem of how to establish the existence of such conscious beings on philosophical grounds. To the extent that it succeeds in meeting the challenge raised by Kirk's comment, the reading of Being and Nothingness offered here could be considered (...)
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  20.  41
    Evolution and the Problem of Other Minds.Elliott Sober - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (7):365.
  21.  98
    Kant and the Problem of Other Minds.Carol A. Van Kirk - 1986 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 77 (1):41.
  22.  17
    The Problem of Other Minds.Katherine Tullmann - 2019 - Metaphilosophy 50 (5):708-728.
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  23.  98
    The Problem of Other Minds: A Reliable Solution.Mylan Engel Jr - 1996 - Acta Analytica 11:87-109.
    Paul Churchland characterizes the "epistemological problem" in philosophy of mind as the problem "concerned with how we come to have knowledge of the internal activities of conscious, intelligent minds." This problem is itself divided into two separate, but related problems: (1) the problem of self-consciousness -- that of determining how one comes to have knowledge of one's own mental states, and (2) the problem of other minds -- that of explaining how one (...)
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  24.  53
    Three Problems of Other Minds.Chad Engelland - 2019 - Think 18 (51):63-75.
    The traditional problem of other minds is epistemological. What justification can be given for thinking that the world is populated with other minds? More recently, some philosophers have argued for a second problem of other minds that is conceptual. How can we conceive of the point of view of another mind in relation to our own? This article retraces the logic of the epistemological and conceptual problems, and it argues for a third (...)
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  25.  77
    Spinoza's Problem of “Other Minds”.Joel I. Friedman - 1983 - Synthese 57 (1):99 - 126.
  26. Troubles with a Second Self: The Problem of Other Minds in 11th Century Indian and 20th Century Western Philosophy.Arindam Chakrabarti - 2011 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 1 (1):23-36.
    In contemporary Western analytic philosophy, the classic analogical argument explaining our knowledge of other minds has been rejected. But at least three alternative positive theories of our knowledge of the second person have been formulated: the theory-theory, the simulation theory and the theory of direct empathy. After sketching out the problems faced by these accounts of the ego’s access to the contents of the mind of a “second ego”, this paper tries to recreate one argument given by Abhinavagupta (...)
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  27.  10
    Wittgenstein and the Problem of Other Minds.Harold Morick (ed.) - 1967 - Humanities Press.
  28.  95
    The Problem of Other Minds.Joseph Margolis - 1963 - Synthese 15 (December):401-411.
    I May, at a gathering, notice that Peter is sitting very stiffly in his chair. I say to myself, “Perhaps he has a pain. Yes, I think he has some sort of pain.” I have inferred a feeling of some sort from bodily behavior. It is not an impossible thing to do, to infer sometimes a feeling from bodily behavior. But it is a puzzling thing to do, at least in a philosophieal sense. Because we ordinarily hold that we cannot (...)
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  29.  57
    Defending Moral Precaution as a Solution to the Problem of Other Minds: A Reply to Holm and Coggon.Deryck Beyleveld & Shaun D. Pattinson - 2010 - Ratio Juris 23 (2):258-273.
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  30. The Problem of Other Minds.Jeremy J. Benton - 1969 - Kinesis 2:26-38.
     
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  31. The Problem of Other Minds.Shri Dc Pattanayak - 1972 - In Ganeswar Misra, K. P. Mishra & Bijayananda Kar (eds.), Proceedings of the Third Conference of All Orissa Philosophy Association. Post-Graduate Dept. Of Philosophy, [Utkal University.
     
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  32.  20
    The Problem of Other Minds.Grant Gillett - 1990 - Cogito 4 (2):91-96.
  33.  79
    The Problem of Other Minds - Genuine or Pseudo?Robert Hoffman - 1959 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 20 (June):503-512.
  34.  65
    Neuroscience and the Problem of Other Animal Minds: Why It May Not Matter So Much for Neuroethics.Andrew Fenton - 2012 - The Monist 95 (3):463-485.
    A recent argument in the neuroethics literature has suggested that brain-mental-state identities promise to settle epistemological uncertainties about nonhuman animal minds. What’s more, these brain-mental-state identities offer the further promise of dismantling the deadlock over the moral status of nonhuman animals, to positive affect in such areas as agriculture and laboratory animal science. I will argue that neuroscientific claims assuming brain-mental-state identities do not so much resolve the problem of other animal minds as mark its resolution. (...)
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  35. The Problem of Other Minds.Shri Pk Mahapatra - 1972 - In Ganeswar Misra, K. P. Mishra & Bijayananda Kar (eds.), Proceedings of the Third Conference of All Orissa Philosophy Association. Post-Graduate Dept. Of Philosophy, [Utkal University.
     
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  36.  53
    Neuroscience and the Problem of Other Animal Minds.Andrew Fenton - 2012 - The Monist 95 (3):463-485.
    A recent argument in the neuroethics literature has suggested that brain-mental-state identities promise to settle epistemological uncertainties about nonhuman animal minds. What's more, these brain-mental-state identities offer the further promise of dismantling the deadlock over the moral status of nonhuman animals, to positive affect in such areas as agriculture and laboratory animal science. I will argue that neuroscientific claims assuming brain-mental-state identities do not so much resolve the problem of other animal minds as mark its resolution. (...)
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  37. The Problem of Other Minds.J. Shri - 1972 - In Ganeswar Misra, K. P. Mishra & Bijayananda Kar (eds.), Proceedings of the Third Conference of All Orissa Philosophy Association. Post-Graduate Dept. Of Philosophy, [Utkal University. pp. 21.
     
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  38.  34
    The Virtues of Reason and the Problem of Other Minds: Reflections on Argumentation in a New Century.G. Thomas Goodnight - 2013 - Informal Logic 33 (4):510-530.
    From early modernity, philosophers have engaged in skeptical discussions concerning knowledge of the existence, state, and standing of other minds. The analogical move from self to other unfolds as controversy. This paper reposes the problem as an argumentation predicament and examines analogy as an opening to the study of rhetorical cognition. Rhetorical cognition is identified as a productive process coming to terms with an other through testing sustainable risk. The paper explains how self-sustaining risk is (...)
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  39.  64
    William James and the Problem of Other Minds.Michael H. DeArmey - 1982 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 20 (3):325-336.
    William james's views on the other minds problem are a serious lacuna in jamesian scholarship. this essay systematically collects together and examines his encounter with this problem. james consistently held to a teleological criterion for mindedness, which appeals to certain eidetic features which living things manifest. the essay also examines the implications of this view for james's ethical theory, especially his 'privacy defense' of democracy.
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  40.  50
    The Metaphysical Problem of Other Minds.Giovanni Merlo - 2021 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 102 (4):633-664.
    This paper presents a distinctively metaphysical version of the problem of other minds. The main source of this version of the problem lies in the principle that, when it comes to consciousness, no distinction can sensibly be drawn between appearance and reality. I will argue that, unless we want to call that principle into question, we should seriously consider the possibility of accepting the conclusion that other minds are not like our own. This option (...)
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  41. Wittgenstein on Criteria and the Problem of Other Minds.Edward Witherspoon - 2011 - In Marie McGinn & Oskari Kuusela (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Wittgenstein. Oxford University Press.
     
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  42. The Real Problem of Others: Cavell, Merleau‐Ponty and Wittgenstein on Scepticism About Other Minds.Marie McGinn - 1998 - European Journal of Philosophy 6 (1):45-58.
  43.  28
    The Epistemological Problem of Other Minds and the Knowledge Asymmetry.Michael Sollberger - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):1476-1495.
    The traditional epistemological problem of other minds seeks to answer the following question: how can we know someone else's mental states? The problem is often taken to be generated by a fundamental asymmetry in the means of knowledge. In my own case, I can know directly what I think and feel. This sort of self-knowledge is epistemically direct in the sense of being non-inferential and non-observational. My knowledge of other minds, however, is thought to (...)
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  44.  3
    Social Perception and the Problem of Other Minds.Katsunori Miyahara - 2018 - Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 45:21-26.
    How do we understand other people’s minds? This is a descriptive problem of other minds, a question concerning the descriptive nature of social cognition or interpersonal understanding. There are currently three prominent approaches to this problem, namely, the theory theory approach, the simulation theory approach and the direct perception approach. Instead of trying to resolve the conflict between them, I will conduct a preliminary exploration concerning the nature of social perception or the experience of (...)
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  45.  56
    Hume on the Problem of Other Minds.Byoungjae Kim - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 27 (3):535-555.
    ABSTRACTHume is not often cited as a philosopher who posited a solution to the Problem of Other Minds. He instead seems to assume the belief in other minds in his moral philosophy without justification. However, Hume needs to explain how we experience and respond to others’ affections, and hence generate moral sentiments, given how central the latter are to his moral theory. Two recent interpretations of Hume’s solution to the Problem are the Wittgensteinian Interpretation, (...)
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  46.  9
    Chimeras and the Problem of Other Minds.Benjamin Capps - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (1):46-46.
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  47.  57
    Computationalism and the Problem of Other Minds.Stuart S. Glennan - 1995 - Philosophical Psychology 8 (4):375-88.
    In this paper I discuss Searle's claim that the computational properties of a system could never cause a system to be conscious. In the first section of the paper I argue that Searle is correct that, even if a system both behaves in a way that is characteristic of conscious agents (like ourselves) and has a computational structure similar to those agents, one cannot be certain that that system is conscious. On the other hand, I suggest that Searle's intuition (...)
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  48.  36
    Cavell and the Problem of Other Minds.Russell B. Goodman - 1985 - Philosophical Topics 13 (2):43-52.
  49.  46
    There is No Actual Problem of Other Minds.Benjamin Nelson - manuscript
    I shall argue that you can substantially refute the most persuasive variety of solipsism by taking its most plausible version seriously, and then showing that it is not rational to hold, once one understands the nature of actualist metaphysical commitments.1 In the first section, I argue that the only viable form of solipsism involves de dicto self-reference. In the second, I argue that this position involves a claim of contingent identity, for which some actual worlds are those where solipsism is (...)
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  50.  42
    Wittgenstein and the Problem of Other Minds. Ed. By Harold Morick, New York and Toronto: McGraw-Hill, 1967. Pp. Xxii, 231. [REVIEW]Henry Laycock - 1969 - Dialogue 8 (2):337-338.
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