Results for 'ProfPeter Milne'

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  1. Peter.Milne@Stir.Ac.Uk.ProfPeter Milne - unknown
    In natural deduction classical logic is commonly formulated by adding a rule such as Double Negation Elimination (DNE) or Classical Reductio ad Absurdum (CRA) to a set of introduction and elimination rules sufficient for intuitionist first-order logic with conjunction, disjunction, implication, negation and the universal and existential quantifiers all taken as primitive. The natural deduction formulation of intuitionist logic, coming from Gentzen, has nice properties:— (i) the separation property: an intuitionistically valid inference is derivable using only the introduction and elimination (...)
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  2.  5
    II—Peter Milne: What is the Normative Role of Logic?Peter Milne - 2009 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 83 (1):269-298.
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  3.  1
    Professor Milne's Reply.E. A. Milne - 1942 - Philosophy 17 (65):78-.
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  4. Winnie-the-Pooh's Little Book of Wisdom.A. A. Milne & Ernest H. Shepard - 1999
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  5. Rewriting Lyotard: Figuration, Presentation, Resistance.Peter W. Milne - 2013 - Duke University Press.
    The visual arts operated as a touchstone for French philosopher Jean-François Lyotard, influencing his thinking on everything from epistemology to politics. Building on the recent publication of a bilingual, six-volume edition of his writings on contemporary art and artists, this special issue of_ Cultural Politics_ provides a focus on Lyotard’s aesthetics. The issue includes a review of Lyotard’s writings on art, a discussion of his early figural aesthetics, and an essay on Lyotard’s little-known work, _Pacific Wall_, as well as two (...)
     
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  6.  52
    W(H)Ither Ecology? The Triple Bottom Line, the Global Reporting Initiative, and Corporate Sustainability Reporting.Markus J. Milne & Rob Gray - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (1):13-29.
    This paper offers a critique of sustainability reporting and, in particular, a critique of the modern disconnect between the practice of sustainability reporting and what we consider to be the urgent issue of our era: sustaining the life-supporting ecological systems on which humanity and other species depend. Tracing the history of such reporting developments, we identify and isolate the concept of the ‘triple bottom line’ (TBL) as a core and dominant idea that continues to pervade business reporting, and business engagement (...)
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  7.  29
    Log[P(H/Eb)/P(H/B)] is the One True Measure of Confirmation.Peter Milne - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (1):21-26.
  8. What is the Normative Role of Logic?Peter Milne - 2009 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 83 (1):269-298.
    In making assertions one takes on commitments to the consistency of what one asserts and to the logical consequences of what one asserts. Although there is no quick link between belief and assertion, the dialectical requirements on assertion feed back into normative constraints on those beliefs that constitute one's evidence. But if we are not certain of many of our beliefs and that uncertainty is modelled in terms of probabilities, then there is at least prima facie incoherence between the normative (...)
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  9.  2
    The Uptake of Sustainability Reporting in Australia.Colin Higgins, Markus J. Milne & Bernadine van Gramberg - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 129 (2):445-468.
    In this paper, we identify and discuss how sustainability reporting has spread throughout the Australian business community over the past twenty years or so. We identified all Australian business organisations that have produced a sustainability report since 1995, and we undertook an interview survey with managers of reporting companies. By incorporating a wide range and large number of reporting companies, we offer insights beyond those obtained from traditional report content analysis and from close analyses of singular case-study organisations. We reveal (...)
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  10.  58
    Indicative Conditionals, Conditional Probabilities, and the “Defective Truth-Table”: A Request for More Experiments.Peter Milne - 2012 - Thinking and Reasoning 18 (2):196 - 224.
    While there is now considerable experimental evidence that, on the one hand, participants assign to the indicative conditional as probability the conditional probability of consequent given antecedent and, on the other, they assign to the indicative conditional the ?defective truth-table? in which a conditional with false antecedent is deemed neither true nor false, these findings do not in themselves establish which multi-premise inferences involving conditionals participants endorse. A natural extension of the truth-table semantics pronounces as valid numerous inference patterns that (...)
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  11.  50
    Harmony, Purity, Simplicity and a “Seemingly Magical Fact”.Peter Milne - 2002 - The Monist 85 (4):498-534.
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  12. Not Every Truth has a Truthmaker.Peter Milne - 2005 - Analysis 65 (3):221–224.
    First paragraph: Truthmaker theory maintains that for every truth there is something, some thing, some entity, that makes it true. Balking at the prospect that logical truths are made true by any particular thing, a consequence that may in fact be hard to avoid (see Restall 1996, Read 2000), this principle of truthmaking is sometimes restricted to (logically) contingent truths. I aim to show that even in its restricted form, the principle is provably false.
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  13.  41
    Belief, Degrees of Belief, and Assertion.Peter Milne - 2012 - Dialectica 66 (3):331-349.
    Starting from John MacFarlane's recent survey of answers to the question ‘What is assertion?’, I defend an account of assertion that draws on elements of MacFarlane's and Robert Brandom's commitment accounts, Timothy Williamson's knowledge norm account, and my own previous work on the normative status of logic. I defend the knowledge norm from recent attacks. Indicative conditionals, however, pose a problem when read along the lines of Ernest Adams' account, an account supported by much work in the psychology of reasoning. (...)
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  14.  54
    Bruno de Finetti and the Logic of Conditional Events.Peter Milne - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (2):195-232.
    This article begins by outlining some of the history—beginning with brief remarks of Quine's—of work on conditional assertions and conditional events. The upshot of the historical narrative is that diverse works from various starting points have circled around a nexus of ideas without convincingly tying them together. Section 3 shows how ideas contained in a neglected article of de Finetti's lead to a unified treatment of the topics based on the identification of conditional events as the objects of conditional bets. (...)
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  15.  99
    Act and Value: Expectation and the Representability of Moral Theories.Graham Oddie & Peter Milne - 1991 - Theoria 57 (1-2):42-76.
    According to the axiologist the value concepts are basic and the deontic concepts are derivative. This paper addresses two fundamental problems that arise for the axiologist. Firstly, what ought the axiologist o understand by the value of an act? Second, what are the prospects in principle for an axiological representation of moral theories. Can the deontic concepts of any coherent moral theory be represented by an agent-netural axiology: (1) whatever structure those concepts have and (2) whatever the causal structure of (...)
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  16. Not Every Truth has a Truthmaker II.Peter Milne - 2013 - Analysis 73 (3):473-481.
    A proof employing no semantic terms is offered in support of the claim that there can be truths without truthmakers. The logical resources used in the proof are weak but do include the structural rule Contraction.
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  17.  65
    The Simplest Lewis-Style Triviality Proof Yet?Peter Milne - 2003 - Analysis 63 (4):300–303.
  18.  2
    II—W Hat is the N Ormative R Ole of L Ogic&Quest.Peter Milne - 2009 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 83 (1):269-298.
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  19. On Gödel Sentences and What They Say.Peter Milne - 2007 - Philosophia Mathematica 15 (2):193-226.
    Proofs of Gödel's First Incompleteness Theorem are often accompanied by claims such as that the gödel sentence constructed in the course of the proof says of itself that it is unprovable and that it is true. The validity of such claims depends closely on how the sentence is constructed. Only by tightly constraining the means of construction can one obtain gödel sentences of which it is correct, without further ado, to say that they say of themselves that they are unprovable (...)
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  20.  22
    Is There a Logic of Confirmation Transfer?Peter Milne - 2000 - Erkenntnis 53 (3):309-335.
    This article begins by exploring a lost topic in the philosophy of science:the properties of the relations evidence confirming h confirmsh'' and, more generally, evidence confirming each ofh1, h2, ..., hm confirms at least one of h1, h2,ldots;, hn''.The Bayesian understanding of confirmation as positive evidential relevanceis employed throughout. The resulting formal system is, to say the least, oddlybehaved. Some aspects of this odd behaviour the system has in common withsome of the non-classical logics developed in the twentieth century. Oneaspect (...)
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  21. Classical Harmony: Rules of Inference and the Meaning of the Logical Constants.Peter Milne - 1994 - Synthese 100 (1):49 - 94.
    The thesis that, in a system of natural deduction, the meaning of a logical constant is given by some or all of its introduction and elimination rules has been developed recently in the work of Dummett, Prawitz, Tennant, and others, by the addition of harmony constraints. Introduction and elimination rules for a logical constant must be in harmony. By deploying harmony constraints, these authors have arrived at logics no stronger than intuitionist propositional logic. Classical logic, they maintain, cannot be justified (...)
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  22.  89
    Bayesianism V. Scientific Realism.Peter Milne - 2003 - Analysis 63 (4):281–288.
  23.  22
    A Dilemma for Subjective Bayesians — and How to Resolve It.Peter Milne - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 62 (3):307 - 314.
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  24.  12
    Reaching for the Unknown: Multiple Target Encoding and Real-Time Decision-Making in a Rapid Reach Task.Craig S. Chapman, Jason P. Gallivan, Daniel K. Wood, Jennifer L. Milne, Jody C. Culham & Melvyn A. Goodale - 2010 - Cognition 116 (2):168-176.
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  25.  57
    Challenges of Ethical and Legal Responsibilities When Technologies' Uses and Users Change: Social Networking Sites, Decision-Making Capacity and Dementia. [REVIEW]Rachel Batchelor, Ania Bobrowicz, Robin Mackenzie & Alisoun Milne - 2012 - Ethics and Information Technology 14 (2):99-108.
    Successful technologies’ ubiquity changes uses, users and ethicolegal responsibilities and duties of care. We focus on dementia to review critically ethicolegal implications of increasing use of social networking sites (SNS) by those with compromised decision-making capacity, assessing concerned parties’ responsibilities. Although SNS contracts assume ongoing decision-making capacity, many users’ may be compromised or declining. Resulting ethicolegal issues include capacity to give informed consent to contracts, protection of online privacy including sharing and controlling data, data leaks between different digital platforms, and (...)
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  26.  25
    What Price Cheap Food?Michael C. Appleby, Neil Cutler, John Gazzard, Peter Goddard, John A. Milne, Colin Morgan & Andrew Redfern - 2003 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (4):395-408.
    This paper is the report of a meetingthat gathered many of the UK's most senioranimal scientists with representatives of thefarming industry, consumer groups, animalwelfare groups, and environmentalists. Therewas strong consensus that the current economicstructure of agriculture cannot adequatelyaddress major issues of concern to society:farm incomes, food security and safety, theneeds of developing countries, animal welfare,and the environment. This economic structure isbased primarily on competition betweenproducers and between retailers, driving foodprices down, combined with externalization ofmany costs. These issues must be addressed (...)
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  27.  75
    Omniscient Beings Are Dialetheists.Peter Milne - 2007 - Analysis 67 (3):250–251.
  28.  46
    Probability as a Measure of Information Added.Peter Milne - 2012 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 21 (2):163-188.
    Some propositions add more information to bodies of propositions than do others. We start with intuitive considerations on qualitative comparisons of information added . Central to these are considerations bearing on conjunctions and on negations. We find that we can discern two distinct, incompatible, notions of information added. From the comparative notions we pass to quantitative measurement of information added. In this we borrow heavily from the literature on quantitative representations of qualitative, comparative conditional probability. We look at two ways (...)
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  29.  78
    Tarski, Truth and Model Theory.Peter Milne - 1999 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 99 (2):141–167.
    As Wilfrid Hodges has observed, there is no mention of the notion truth-in-a-model in Tarski's article 'The Concept of Truth in Formalized Languages'; nor does truth make many appearances in his papers on model theory from the early 1950s. In later papers from the same decade, however, this reticence is cast aside. Why should Tarski, who defined truth for formalized languages and pretty much founded model theory, have been so reluctant to speak of truth in a model? What might explain (...)
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  30.  6
    Bayesianism V. Scientific Realism.P. Milne - 2003 - Analysis 63 (4):281-288.
  31.  26
    Existence, Freedom, Identity, and the Logic of Abstractionist Realism.Peter Milne - 2007 - Mind 116 (461):23-53.
    From the point of view of proof-theoretic semantics, we examine the logical background invoked by Neil Tennant's abstractionist realist account of mathematical existence. To prepare the way, we must first look closely at the rule of existential elimination familiar from classical and intuitionist logics and at rules governing identity. We then examine how well free logics meet the harmony and uniqueness constraints familiar from the proof-theoretic semantics project. Tennant assigns a special role to atomic formulas containing singular terms. This, we (...)
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  32.  34
    Bets and Boundaries: Assigning Probabilities to Imprecisely Specified Events.Peter Milne - 2008 - Studia Logica 90 (3):425-453.
    Uncertainty and vagueness/imprecision are not the same: one can be certain about events described using vague predicates and about imprecisely specified events, just as one can be uncertain about precisely specified events. Exactly because of this, a question arises about how one ought to assign probabilities to imprecisely specified events in the case when no possible available evidence will eradicate the imprecision (because, say, of the limits of accuracy of a measuring device). Modelling imprecision by rough sets over an approximation (...)
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  33.  1
    Impressions of Enforced Disintegration and Bursting in the Visual Perception of Collision Events.Peter A. White & Alan Milne - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (4):499.
  34.  30
    Review: The Physicalization of Mathematics. [REVIEW]Peter Milne - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (1):305 - 340.
  35.  39
    Algebras of Intervals and a Logic of Conditional Assertions.Peter Milne - 2004 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 33 (5):497-548.
    Intervals in boolean algebras enter into the study of conditional assertions (or events) in two ways: directly, either from intuitive arguments or from Goodman, Nguyen and Walker's representation theorem, as suitable mathematical entities to bear conditional probabilities, or indirectly, via a representation theorem for the family of algebras associated with de Finetti's three-valued logic of conditional assertions/events. Further representation theorems forge a connection with rough sets. The representation theorems and an equivalent of the boolean prime ideal theorem yield an algebraic (...)
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  36.  37
    Scotching the Dutch Book Argument.Peter Milne - 1990 - Erkenntnis 32 (1):105--26.
    Consistent application of coherece arguments shows that fair betting quotients are subject to constraints that are too stringent to allow their identification with either degrees of belief or probabilities. The pivotal role of fair betting quotients in the Dutch Book Argument, which is said to demonstrate that a rational agent's degrees of belief are probabilities, is thus undermined from both sides.
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  37.  70
    A Bayesian Defence of Popperian Science?Peter Milne - 1955 - Analysis 55 (3):213 - 215.
  38.  61
    Schlesinger On Justified Belief And Probability.Peter Milne - 1989 - Analysis 49 (January):11-16.
    George schlesinger has characterized justified belief probabilistically. I question the propriety of this characterization and demonstrate that with respect to it certain principles of epistemic logic that he considers plausible are unsound.
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  39.  52
    Benenson, F. C. [1984]: Probability, Objectivity and Evidence. Routledge and Kegan Paul. Hardback £19.95. Pp. Xii+284. [REVIEW]Peter Milne - 1986 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (1):123-126.
  40.  65
    Intuitionistic Relevant Logic and Perfect Validity.Peter Milne - 1994 - Analysis 54 (3):140 - 142.
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  41.  82
    Quick Triviality Proofs for Probabilities of Conditionals.Peter Milne - 1997 - Analysis 57 (1):75–80.
  42.  55
    The Foundations of Probability and Quantum Mechanics.Peter Milne - 1993 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 22 (2):129 - 168.
    Taking as starting point two familiar interpretations of probability, we develop these in a perhaps unfamiliar way to arrive ultimately at an improbable claim concerning the proper axiomatization of probability theory: the domain of definition of a point-valued probability distribution is an orthomodular partially ordered set. Similar claims have been made in the light of quantum mechanics but here the motivation is intrinsically probabilistic. This being so the main task is to investigate what light, if any, this sheds on quantum (...)
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  43.  85
    Tarski on Truth and its Definition.Peter Milne - 1997 - In Timothy Childers, Petr Kolft & Vladimir Svoboda (eds.), Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society. Filosofia. pp. 198-210.
    Of his numerous investigations ... Tarski was most proud of two: his work on truth and his design of an algorithm in 1930 to decide the truth or falsity of any sentence of the elementary theory of the high school Euclidean geometry. [...] His mathematical treatment of the semantics of languages and the concept of truth has had revolutionary consequences for mathematics, linguistics, and philosophy, and Tarski is widely thought of as the man who "defined truth". The seeming simplicity of (...)
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  44.  1
    When Help Becomes Hindrance: Unexpected Errors of Omission and Commission in Eyewitness Memory Resulting From Change Temporal Order at Retrieval?Coral J. Dando, Thomas C. Ormerod, Rachel Wilcock & Rebecca Milne - 2011 - Cognition 121 (3):416-421.
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  45.  71
    A Note on Popper, Propensities, and the Two-Slit Experiment.Peter Milne - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (1):66-70.
  46.  19
    Human Rights and Human Diversity: An Essay in the Philosophy of Human Rights.A. J. M. Milne - 1986 - State University of New York Press.
    He argues that an adequate idea of human rights must take such a diversity seriously, and unlike the UN Declaration, it must not presuppose Western institutions and values.
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  47.  65
    Sensibility and the Law: On Rancière's Reading of Lyotard.Peter Milne - 2011 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 15 (2):95-119.
    This paper responds to Rancière’s reading of Lyotard’s analysis of the sublime by attempting to articulate what Lyotard would call a “differend” between the two. Sketching out Rancière’s criticisms, I show that Lyotard’s analysis of the Kantian sublime is more defensible than Rancière claims. I then provide an alternative reading, one that frees Lyotard’s sublime from Rancière’s central accusation that it signals nothing more than the mind’s perpetual enslavement to the lawof the Other. Reading the sublime through the figure of (...)
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  48.  60
    Obituary.E. A. Milne & R. S. F. - 1950 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 1 (3):256-256.
  49.  49
    A Note on Scale Invariance.Peter Milne - 1983 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 34 (1):49-55.
  50.  23
    C. S. Lewis and the Moral Imagination.Stephen Milne - 2005 - The Chesterton Review 31 (3/4):97-107.
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