Results for 'Prospective versus retrospective assessment'

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  1.  43
    On Complicity and Compromise: A Reply to Peter French and Steven Ratner.Chiara Lepora & Robert E. Goodin - 2016 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 10 (3):591-602.
    Peter French’s and Steven Ratner’s thoughtful comments are helpful in advancing the analysis we offered in our book On Complicity and Compromise. Inevitably, there are areas of disagreement and bones to pick. However, our primary concern in this reply will be to press, with their assistance, the more positive agenda.
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  2.  4
    Retrospective Versus Prospective Processes in Delayed Matching to Sample.Thomas B. Stonebraker & Mark Rilling - 1984 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (4):372-375.
  3. Maritain's "Creative Intuition in Art and Poetry": A Retrospective and Prospective Assessment.Mary Carman Rose - 1983 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 57:163.
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  4.  44
    It's Good to Be Autonomous: Prospective Consent, Retrospective Consent, and the Foundation of Consent in the Criminal Law. [REVIEW]Jonathan Witmer-Rich - 2011 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 5 (3):377-398.
    What is the foundation of consent in the criminal law? Classically liberal commentators have offered at least three distinct theories. J.S. Mill contends we value consent because individuals are the best judges of their own interests. Joel Feinberg argues an individual’s consent matters because she has a right to autonomy based on her intrinsic sovereignty over her own life. Joseph Raz also focuses on autonomy, but argues that society values autonomy as a constituent element of individual well-being, which it is (...)
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  5.  42
    Cancellations of Elective Surgery May Cause an Inferior Postoperative Course: The 'Invisible Hand' of Health-Care Prioritization?H. Magnusson, L. Fellander-Tsai, M. G. Hansson & L. Ryd - 2011 - Clinical Ethics 6 (1):27-31.
    Elective surgery can be cancelled when resources are overwhelmed by emergency cases. We hypothesized that such cancellations, on psychological grounds, are followed also by inferior clinical results and we conducted a retrospective survey of patients following joint replacement surgery. Sixty patients having suffered from administrative cancellation prior to their operation during an 18-month period and with six months follow-up were identified and compared with another 60 matched patients after having the same type of surgery but without prior cancellation. All (...)
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  6.  35
    Mental Health Care in the Aftermath of Deinstitutionalization: A Retrospective and Prospective View. [REVIEW]Enric J. Novella - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (3):222-238.
    This paper offers a panoramic assessment of the significant changes experienced by psychiatric care in Western Europe and North America in the course of the last decades of deinstitutionalization and reform. Drawing on different comparative studies and an own review of relevant data and reports, the main transformations in the mental health field are analyzed around seven major topics: the expanding scope of psychiatry; the decline and metamorphosis of the asylum; the introduction of alternative and diversified forms of care; (...)
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  7.  24
    An Assessment of Alternatives for a National Computerized Criminal History System.Office of Technology Assessment - 1982 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 12 (3):14-25.
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  8. Quantitative Framework for Retrospective Assessment of Interim Decisions in Clinical Trials.Roger Stanev - forthcoming - Medical Decision Making.
    This article presents a quantitative way of modeling the interim decisions of clinical trials. While statistical approaches tend to focus on the epistemic aspects of statistical monitoring rules, often overlooking ethical considerations, ethical approaches tend to neglect key epistemic dimension. The proposal is a second-order decision theoretic framework. The framework provides means for retrospective assessment of interim decisions based on a clear and consistent set of criteria that combines both ethical and epistemic considerations. The framework is broadly Bayesian (...)
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  9.  18
    Academic Dishonesty, Self-Control, and General Criminality: A Prospective and Retrospective Study of Academic Dishonesty in a New Zealand University.Mei Wah M. Williams & Matthew Neil Williams - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (2):89 - 112.
    Academic dishonesty is an insidious problem that besets most tertiary institutions, where considerable resources are expended to prevent and manage students' dishonest actions within academia. Using a mixed retrospective and prospective design this research investigated Gottfredson and Hirschi's self-control theory as a possible explanation for academic dishonesty in 264 university students. The relationship between academic dishonesty and general criminality was also examined. A significant but small to moderate relationship between academic dishonesty and general criminality was present, including correlations (...)
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  10.  18
    Towards a Prospective Technology Assessment: Challenges and Requirements for Technology Assessment in the Age of Technoscience. [REVIEW]Wolfgang Liebert & Jan C. Schmidt - 2010 - Poiesis and Praxis 7 (1-2):99-116.
    The objective of this paper is to contribute to the expanding discourse on conceptual elements of TA. As a point of departure, it takes the recent transformation of the science, technology and innovation system ( technoscience ). We will show that the age of technoscience can be regarded as presenting not only a challenge, but also a chance and opportunity for TA. Embracing this opportunity, however, implies imposing several requirements on TA. In order to specify these requirements and to foster (...)
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  11.  10
    Effects of Infant Feeding Practices and Birth Spacing on Infant and Child Survival: A Reassessment From Retrospective and Prospective Data.Barthelemy Kuate Defo - 1997 - Journal of Biosocial Science 29 (3):303-326.
    Retrospective and prospective data collected in Cameroon were used to reassess hypotheses about how infant and early childhood mortality is affected by birth spacing and breast-feeding. These data show that: (a) a short preceding birth interval is detrimental for child survival in the first 4 months of life; (b) full and partial breast-feeding have direct protective effects on child survival in the first 4-6 months of life, with the effects of the former stronger than those of the latter; (...)
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  12.  6
    Dynamic Essences: Absolute, Prospective, Retrospective, and Relative Modalities.Paweł Rojek & Błażej Skrzypulec - 2018 - Studia Humana 7 (1):3-20.
    Essential properties are usually thought as properties that things must always possess, whereas accidental properties are considered as changeable. In this paper, we challenge this traditional view. We argue that in some important cases, such as social or biological development, we face not only the change of accidents, but also the change of essences. To analyze this kind of change we propose an alternative view on the relations between the modalities and time. Some properties might be necessary or possible for (...)
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  13.  9
    Prospective Technology Assessment of Synthetic Biology: Fundamental and Propaedeutic Reflections in Order to Enable an Early Assessment.Jan Schmidt - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):1151-1170.
    Synthetic biology is regarded as one of the key technosciences of the future. The goal of this paper is to present some fundamental considerations to enable procedures of a technology assessment of synthetic biology. To accomplish such an early “upstream” assessment of a not yet fully developed technology, a special type of TA will be considered: Prospective TA. At the center of ProTA are the analysis and the framing of “synthetic biology,” including a characterization and assessment (...)
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  14.  7
    The Sense of Agency in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Dissociation Between Prospective and Retrospective Mechanisms?Tiziana Zalla & Marco Sperduti - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  15.  29
    Paper One: The Distinction Between Prospective and Retrospective Responsibility. [REVIEW]Henk ten Have - 1994 - Health Care Analysis 2 (2):119-123.
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  16.  14
    Paper One: The Distinction Between Prospective and Retrospective Responsibility.Henk Have - 1994 - Health Care Analysis 2 (2):119-123.
  17.  3
    The Future Orientation of Past Memory: The Role of BA 10 in Prospective and Retrospective Retrieval Modes.Adam G. Underwood, Melissa J. Guynn & Anna-Lisa Cohen - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  18.  2
    Guilt and Penance: Prospective and Retrospective Voting in 2002.Jan de Ridder, Dirk Oegema, Jan Kleinnijenhuis & Anita van Hoof - 2003 - Communications 28 (4):405-426.
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  19.  2
    Loads and Loads and Loads: The Influence of Prospective Load, Retrospective Load, and Ongoing Task Load in Prospective Memory.Beat Meier & Thomas D. Zimmermann - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  20.  10
    Is Binding Decline the Main Source of the Ageing Effect on Prospective Memory? A Ride in a Virtual Town.Grégory Lecouvey, Julie Gonneaud, Pascale Piolino, Sophie Madeleine, Eric Orriols, Philippe Fleury, Francis Eustache & Béatrice Desgranges - 2017 - Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology 7 (1).
    ABSTRACTObjective: This study was designed to improve our understanding of prospective memory changes in ageing, and to identify the cognitive correlates of PM decline, using a virtual environment, to provide a more realistic assessment than traditional laboratory tasks.Design: Thirty-five young and 29 older individuals exposed to a virtual town were asked to recall three event-based intentions with a strong link between prospective and retrospective components, three event-based intentions with a weak link, and three time-based intentions. They (...)
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  21.  70
    Prospective Memory: A New Focus for Research.P. Graf & B. Uttl - 2001 - Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):437-450.
    Prospective memory is required for many aspects of everyday cognition, its breakdown may be as debilitating as impairments in retrospective memory, and yet, the former has received relatively little attention by memory researchers. This article outlines a strategy for changing the fortunes of prospective memory, for guiding new research to shore up the claim that prospective memory is a distinct aspect of cognition, and to obtain evidence for clear performance dissociations between prospective memory and other (...)
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  22.  5
    Multiple Processes in Prospective Memory Retrieval: Factors Determining Monitoring Versus Spontaneous Retrieval.Gilles O. Einstein, Mark A. McDaniel, Ruthann Thomas, Sara Mayfield, Hilary Shank, Nova Morrisette & Jennifer Breneiser - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 134 (3):327-342.
  23.  10
    Retrospective and Prospective Cognitions in Anxiety and Depression.Andrew K. MacLeod, Philip Tata, John Kentish & Hanne Jacobsen - 1997 - Cognition and Emotion 11 (4):467-479.
  24.  8
    Performance-Based Tests Versus Behavioral Ratings in the Assessment of Executive Functioning in Preschoolers: Associations with ADHD Symptoms and Reading Achievement.Ana Miranda, Carla Colomer, Jessica Mercader, M. Inmaculada Fernández & M. Jesús Presentación - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  25.  4
    Longitudinal Assessment of Exercise Capacity and Quality of Life Outcome Measures in Cystic Fibrosis: A Year-Long Prospective Pilot Study.Rajeev Bhatia, Melissa Kaye & Adria Roberti-Miller - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.
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  26. Conceptual Analysis Versus Scientific Understanding: An Assessment of Wakefield's Folk Psychiatry.Dominic Murphy & Robert L. Woolfolk - 2000 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 7 (4):271-293.
  27.  10
    Self-Esteem Revisited: Performance on the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure as a Measure of Self- Versus Ideal Self-Related Cognitions in Dysphoria.Jonathan Remue, Jan De Houwer, Dermot Barnes-Holmes, Marie-Anne Vanderhasselt & Rudi De Raedt - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (8):1441-1449.
  28.  36
    Whatever Happened to Critical Mass Theory? A Retrospective and Assessment.Pamela E. Oliver & Gerald Marwell - 2001 - Sociological Theory 19 (3):292-311.
    Between 1983 and 1993 the authors published a series of articles and a book promulgating and explicating "Critical Mass Theory," a theory of public goods provision in groups. In this article we seek to trace the growth, change, or decline of the theory, primarily through an analysis of all journal citations of the theory. We find that the majority of citations are essentially gratuitous or pick a single point from the theory, which may or may not be central to the (...)
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  29.  80
    J. S. Mill's Liberal Utilitarian Assessment of Capitalism Versus Socialism.Jonathan Riley - 1996 - Utilitas 8 (1):39.
    John Stuart Mill argued, in his Principles of Political Economy, that existing laws and customs of private property ought to be reformed to promote a far more egalitarian form of capitalism than hitherto observed anywhere. He went on to suggest that such an ideal capitalism might evolve spontaneously into a decentralized socialism involving a market system of competing worker co-operatives. That possibility of market socialism emerged only as the working classes gradually developed the intellectual and moral qualities required for worker (...)
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  30.  12
    Two-Point Orientation Discrimination Versus the Traditional Two-Point Test for Tactile Spatial Acuity Assessment.Jonathan Tong, Oliver Mao & Daniel Goldreich - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  31.  15
    Civil Society and Religion: Retrospective Reflections on Catholicism and Prospective Reflections in Islam.Jose Casanova - 2001 - Social Research 68.
  32.  8
    Assessment of 16-Year Retrospective Cohort Study of Factors Associated with Non-Compliance with a Tuberculosis Contact Tracing Programme at a Spanish Hospital.Patricia García, José Sanchez, Juan Mora & Elena Ronda - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (4):758-766.
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  33.  1
    The Shape of the History of Science Profession, 2038: A Prospective Retrospective.Lynn K. Nyhart - 2013 - Isis 104 (1):131-139.
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  34.  6
    J. S. Mill's Liberal Utilitarian Assessment of Capitalism Versus Socialism: Jonathan Riley.Jonathan Riley - 1996 - Utilitas 8 (1):39-71.
    John Stuart Mill argued, in his Principles of Political Economy, that existing laws and customs of private property ought to be reformed to promote a far more egalitarian form of capitalism than hitherto observed anywhere. He went on to suggest that such an ideal capitalism might evolve spontaneously into a decentralized socialism involving a market system of competing worker co-operatives. That possibility of market socialism emerged only as the working classes gradually developed the intellectual and moral qualities required for worker (...)
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  35.  6
    Syntactic Loss Versus Processing Deficit: An Assessment of Two Theories of Agrammatism and Syntactic Comprehension Deficits.Randi C. Martin, W. Frederick Wetzel, Carol Blossom-Stach & Edward Feher - 1989 - Cognition 32 (2):157-191.
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  36.  7
    A Novel Method to Enhance Informed Consent: A Prospective and Randomised Trial of Form-Based Versus Electronic Assisted Informed Consent in Paediatric Endoscopy.Joel A. Friedlander, Greg S. Loeben, Patricia K. Finnegan, Anita E. Puma, Xuemei Zhang, Edwin F. De Zoeten, David A. Piccoli & Petar Mamula - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (4):194-200.
    Next SectionObjectives To evaluate the adequacy of paediatric informed consent and its augmentation by a supplemental computer-based module in paediatric endoscopy. Methods The Consent-20 instrument was developed and piloted on 47 subjects. Subsequently, parents of 101 children undergoing first-time, diagnostic upper endoscopy performed under moderate IV sedation were prospectively and consecutively, blinded, randomised and enrolled into two groups that received either standard form-based informed consent or standard form-based informed consent plus a commercial (Emmi Solutions, Inc, Chicago, Il), sixth grade level, (...)
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  37.  1
    Self-Disclosure Here and Now: Combining Retrospective Perceived Assessment With Dynamic Behavioral Measures.Hamutal Kreiner & Yossi Levi-Belz - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  38.  8
    Uncovering the Problem-Solving Process: Cued Retrospective Reporting Versus Concurrent and Retrospective Reporting.Tamara van Gog, Fred Paas, Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer & Puk Witte - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 11 (4):237-244.
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  39. Introduction : Pragmatism, Retrospective, and Prospective.Joseph Margolis - 2006 - In John R. Shook & Joseph Margolis (eds.), A Companion to Pragmatism. Blackwell.
  40.  30
    Retrospective and Prospective.Robert Ginsberg - 1991 - Journal of Value Inquiry 25 (1):1-4.
  41.  27
    Prescription Versus Description in Philosophy of Science, or Methodology Versus History: A Critical Assessment.Nader Chokr - 1986 - Metaphilosophy 17 (4):289-299.
    This paper examines critically the current state of affairs in philosophy of science. It focuses on the well-Known puzzle about the relationship between the normative prescriptive methodology of science and positive descriptive history of science. This puzzle has dogged philosophers of science for over a generation and is still controversial. My conclusion is that there is really no escape from it. The best way to characterize it is as follows: "philosophy of science without history of science is empty; history of (...)
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  42.  18
    The Stateville Penitentiary Malaria Experiments: A Case Study in Retrospective Ethical Assessment.Franklin G. Miller - 2013 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (4):548-567.
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  43.  19
    Retrospective and Prospective Utilitarianism.Brian Ellis - 1981 - Noûs 15 (3):325-339.
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  44.  21
    Retrospective and Prospective Timing: Memory, Attention and Consciousness.Richard A. Block & Dan Zakay - 2001 - In Christoph Hoerl & Teresa McCormark (eds.), Time and Memory. Oxford University Press. pp. 59--76.
  45.  9
    The Research Assessment Exercise Versus Development in Higher Education: A Response to Richard Pring.Saville Kushner - 1996 - British Journal of Educational Studies 44 (1):5-8.
  46.  7
    The Open Agent Society: Retrospective and Prospective Views.Jeremy Pitt & Alexander Artikis - 2015 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 23 (3):241-270.
  47.  7
    Uncovering the Problem-Solving Process: Cued Retrospective Reporting Versus Concurrent and Retrospective Reporting.Tamara van Gog, Fred Paas & Jeroen J. Van Merrienboer - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (4):237.
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  48.  6
    Conversations Communities in Context: A Retrospective Prospective.A. Laszlo - 2015 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (1):54-56.
    Open peer commentary on the article “The Banathy Conversation Methodology” by Gordon Dyer, Jed Jones, Gordon Rowland & Silvia Zweifel. Upshot: The tradition of the Banathy Conversation Communities and its related methodology represent a distinct evolution of social systems design inquiry. This inquiry has given rise to a strong cultural identity within the systems sciences for many who have experienced it. Key historical and axiological aspects of this inquiry are presented and future orientations explored as a complement to the main (...)
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  49.  8
    Outpatient Versus Inpatient Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Prospective Randomized Study of Symptom Occurrence, Symptom Distress and General State of Health During the First Post‐Operative Week.Cajsa Barthelsson, Bo Anderberg, Stig Ramel, Catrin Bjrvell, Kajsa Giesecke & Gun Nordstrm - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (4):577-584.
  50.  6
    The Effectiveness of Computer Reminders Versus Postal Reminders for Improving Quality Assessment for Point-of-Care Testing in Primary Care: A Randomized Controlled Trial.Volkert Siersma, Marius Brostrøm Kousgaard, Susanne Reventlow, Ruth Ertmann, Peter Felding & Frans Boch Waldorff - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (1):13-20.
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