Results for 'Prudence'

6 found
Order:
  1. Prudence and Authenticity: Intrapersonal Conflicts of Value.David O. Brink - 2003 - Philosophical Review 112 (2):215-245.
    Prudence and authenticity are sometimes seen as rival virtues. Prudence,as traditionally conceived, is temporally neutral. It attaches no intrinsic significance to the temporal location of benefits or harms within the agent’s life; the prudent agent should be equally concerned about all parts of her life. But people’s values and ideals often change over time, sometimes in predictable ways, as when middle age and parenthood often temporize youthful radicalism or spontaneity with concerns for comfort,security, and predictability. In situations involving (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  2. Prudence.Phillip Bricker - 1980 - Journal of Philosophy 77 (7):381-401.
    The article explicates a notion of prudence according to which an agent acts prudently if he acts so as to satisfy not only his present preferences, but his past and future preferences as well. A simplified decision-theoretic framework is developed within which three analyses of prudence are presented and compared. That analysis is defended which can best handle cases in which an agent's present act will affect his future preferences.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  3. Prudence, Morality, and the Humean Theory of Reasons.Eden Lin - 2015 - Philosophical Quarterly 65 (259):220-240.
    Humeans about normative reasons claim that there is a reason for you to perform a given action if and only if this would promote the satisfaction of one of your desires. Their view has traditionally been thought to have the revisionary implication that an agent can sometimes lack any reason to do what morality or prudence requires. Recently, however, Mark Schroeder has denied this. If he is right, then the Humean theory accords better with common sense than it has (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  4. Prudence, Sunk Costs, and the Temporally Extended Self.Antti Kauppinen - 2020 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 17 (6):658-681.
    Many find it reasonable to take our past actions into account when making choices for the future. In this paper, I address two important issues regarding taking past investments into account in prudential deliberation. The first is the charge that doing so commits the fallacy of honoring sunk costs. I argue that while it is indeed irrational to care about sunk costs, past investments are not sunk costs when we can change their teleological significance, roughly their contribution to our excellence (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  5. Prudence for Changing Selves.Krister Bykvist - 2006 - Utilitas 18 (3):264-283.
    What is the prudentially right thing to do in situations in which our actions will shape our preferences? Suppose, for instance, that you are considering getting married, and that you know that if you get married, you will prefer being unmarried, and that if you stay unmarried, you will prefer being married. This is the problem I will deal with in this article. I will begin by explaining why preferences matter to prudence. I will then go on to discuss (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  6.  18
    Dear Prudence: The Nature and Normativity of Prudential Discourse.Guy Fletcher - 2021 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    Philosophers have long theorized about what makes people's lives go well, and why, and the extent to which morality and self-interest can be reconciled. However, we have spent little time on meta-prudential questions, questions about prudential discourse—thought and talk about what is good and bad for us; what contributes to well-being; and what we have prudential reason, or prudentially ought, to do. This situation is surprising given that prudence is, prima facie, a normative form of discourse and cries out (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  7.  57
    Prudence and Past Selves.Dale Dorsey - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (8):1901-1925.
    An important platitude about prudential rationality is that I should not refuse to sacrifice a smaller amount of present welfare for the sake of larger future benefits. I ought, in other words, to treat my present and future as of equal prudential significance. The demands of prudence are less clear, however, when it comes to one’s past selves. In this paper, I argue that past benefits are possible in two ways, and that this fact cannot be easily accommodated by (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  8.  10
    Prudence in Shared Decision-Making: The Missing Link Between the “Technically Correct” and the “Morally Good” in Medical Decision-Making.Paul Muleli Kioko & Pablo Requena Meana - 2021 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 46 (1):17-36.
    Shared Decision-Making is a widely accepted model of the physician–patient relationship providing an ethical environment in which physician beneficence and patient autonomy are respected. It acknowledges the moral responsibility of physician and patient by promoting a deliberative collaboration in which their individual expertise—complementary in nature, equal in importance—is emphasized, and personal values and preferences respected. Its goal coincides with Pellegrino and Thomasma’s proximate end of medicine, that is, a technically correct and morally good healing decision for and with a particular (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9. Taking Prudence Seriously.Guy Fletcher - 2019 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 14:70-94.
    Philosophers have long theorized about which things make people’s lives go well, and why, and the extent to which morality and self-interest can be reconciled. Yet little time has been spent on meta-prudential questions, questions about prudential discourse. This is surprising given that prudence is, prima facie, a normative form of discourse and, as such, cries out for further investigation. Chapter 4 takes up two major meta-prudential questions. It first examines whether there is a set of prudential reasons, generated (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10.  10
    Can Prudence Be Enhanced?Jason T. Eberl - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (5):506-526.
    Some bioethicists have argued that moral bioenhancement, complementing traditional means of enhancing individuals’ moral dispositions, is essential if we are to survive as a species. Traditional means of moral enhancement have historically included civil legislation, socially recognized moral exemplars, religious teachings and disciplines, and familial upbringing. I explore the necessity and feasibility of pursuing methods of moral bioenhancement as a complement to such traditional means, grounding my analysis within a virtue-theoretic framework. Specifically, I focus on the essential intellectual virtue for (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  11.  32
    Response to “Commentaire Sur le Texte de Sr Prudence Allen Par Jocelyne St-Arnaud”.Prudence Allen - 1987 - Dialogue 26 (2):277.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  61
    Prudence and Anti-Prudence.Evan Simpson - 1998 - American Philosophical Quarterly 35 (1):73 - 86.
    This article identifies both prudence and antiprudence as options for rational people. Building upon Wiggins's "sensible subjectivism," the account offers an analysis of prudential emotions which are not rationally required but whose reasonableness need not be doubted. One result is that skepticism about prudence is avoidable. Another, as shown through examination of some of Parfit's worries about replication, is that prudence is autonomous from metaphysical theories of persons. It is also autonomous from morality, neither prudence nor (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  13. Derivation of Morality From Prudence.Marcus Arvan - 2020 - In Neurofunctional Prudence and Morality: A Philosophical Theory. New York: Routledge. pp. 60-94.
    This chapter derives and refines a novel normative moral theory and descriptive theory of moral psychology--Rightness as Fairness--from the theory of prudence defended in Chapter 2. It briefly summarizes Chapter 2’s finding that prudent agents typically internalize ‘moral risk-aversion’. It then outlines how this prudential psychology leads prudent agents to want to know how to act in ways they will not regret in morally salient cases, as well as to regard moral actions as the only types of actions that (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14. Prudence, Morality, and the Prisoner's Dilemma.Derek Parfit - 1981 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    "From the Proceedings of the British Academy, London, volume LXV (1979)" - title page. Series: Henrietta Hertz Trust annual philosophical lecture -- 1978 Other Titles: Proceedings of the British Academy. Vol.65: 1979.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  15.  44
    The Normativity of Prudence.Markus Kohl - 2017 - Kant-Studien 108 (4):517-542.
    Kant's account of “precepts of prudence” raises a striking interpretive puzzle. On the one hand, he presents such precepts as normative-practical rules; on the other hand, he relegates them to theoretical philosophy. I argue that to render these two strands coherent, we must assume that our empirical nature is a source of normativity for us: prudence is normative for us just because we have an “unconditional” empirical desire for obtaining happiness, a maximum of pleasant sensations. Since rules of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  16.  55
    Dear Prudence: An Essay on Practical Wisdom in Strategy Making.Matt Statler, Johan Roos & Bart Victor - 2007 - Social Epistemology 21 (2):151 – 167.
    If we presume an organizational ontology of complex, dynamic change, then what role remains for strategic intent? If managerial action is said to consist of adaptive responsiveness, then what are the foundations of value on the basis of which strategic decisions can be made? In this essay, we respond to these questions and extend the existing strategy process literature by turning to the Aristotelian concept of prudence, or practical wisdom. According to Aristotle, practical wisdom involves the virtuous capacity to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  17.  36
    Silent Prudence.Donald W. Bruckner - 2009 - Philosophical Explorations 12 (3):349-364.
    It is commonly recognized that not all actions are candidates for moral evaluation. For instance, morality is silent on the issue whether to tie one's right shoe before one's left shoe or the other way around. This shoe-tying action is not a candidate for moral appraisal. The matter is amoral, for neither alternative is morally required nor forbidden, and both are permissible. It is not commonly recognized that not all actions are candidates for prudential evaluation. I shall argue, however, that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  18. Prudence in Hobbes's Political Philosophy.A. Vanden Houten - 2002 - History of Political Thought 23 (2):288-302.
    This essay explores three questions: What are the salient features of Hobbes's concept of prudence? Prudence for Hobbes is a capacity to predict the future rooted in experience. Second, can 'Hobbesian individuals' have significantly different capacities for prudence? Challenging a common view, asserted even by Hobbes himself, I contend that Hobbes's own conception of prudence yields significant variation across individuals' capacities for prudence. Finally, what is the role of prudence in Hobbes's political thought? A (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  19.  12
    Measuring Treatment Effects on Dual-Task Performance: A Framework for Research and Clinical Practice.Prudence Plummer & Gail Eskes - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  20.  24
    Prudence Gone Wild.Nancy M. Rourke - 2011 - Environmental Ethics 33 (3):249-266.
    A Catholic environmental virtue ethic must include an understanding of prudence that incorporates attunement significantly. Catholic theologians are reluctant to revise notions of prudence, but there are traditions in theology that support such an approach. Catholic virtue ethical traditions point to this necessity, and, in addition, philosophical environmental virtue ethics (which are much more fully developed) simply insist on it. The comparison of a moral character (as it is understood in virtue ethics) with a bioregion’s ecosystem helps support (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21.  31
    Prudence, Well-Being and Sport.Andrew Bloodworth - 2014 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 8 (2):191-202.
    Participation in sport, in particular intensive elite sport may be associated with shorter and longer term risks to health. Elite sport participation might also be associated with a narrow focus, to the detriment of developing in other ways, perhaps with regard to friendships or education. This paper explores the issues surrounding prudence and sport. It begins by examining two central aspects of the rationale for prudential engagement with sport and physical activity. The contention that each stage of life counts (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  23
    Normative Prudence as a Tradition of Statecraft.Alberto R. Coll - 1991 - Ethics and International Affairs 5:33–51.
    Coll clearly advocates the Aristotelian notion that "moral principles are ultimately realized only in specific acts which human beings choose to carry out." He cites Washington, Lincoln, and Churchill as examples of leaders whose moral wisdom in political reasoning led to a statecraft explicitly derived from prudence.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  23.  32
    Prudence and Past Preferences: Reply to Wlodzimierz Rabinowicz.R. M. Hare - 1989 - Theoria 55 (3):152-158.
  24. Can Morality Do Without Prudence?David Kaspar - 2011 - Philosophia 39 (2):311-326.
    This paper argues that morality depends on prudence, or more specifically, that one cannot be a moral person without being prudent. Ethicists are unaware of this, ignore it, or imply it is wrong. Although this thesis is not obvious from the current perspective of ethics, I believe that its several implications for ethics make it worth examining. In this paper I argue for the prudence dependency thesis by isolating moral practice from all reliance on prudence. The result (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  25.  51
    Prudence and Morality in Greek Ethics.T. H. Irwin - 1995 - Ethics 105 (2):284-295.
    Focuses on the traditional view of Greek ethics. Response to articles by Julia Annas and Nicholas White about the interpretation of Greek ethics; Plato's concept of happiness based on his book `Republic'; Issues about prudential and moral reasoning.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  26. Prudence and Morality in Ancient and Modern Ethics.Julia Annas - 1995 - Ethics 105 (2):241-257.
    Examines prudential and moral reasoning in ancient and modern ethics. Ancient ethical theories' task of articulating the agent's overall goal; Structural differences between ancient eudaemonist theories and modern theories; Virtue as a complex intellectual kind of understanding.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  27.  36
    From Prudence to Morality: A Case for the Morality of Some Forms of Nondualistic Mysticism.Daniel Zelinski - 2007 - Journal of Religious Ethics 35 (2):291-317.
    Several contemporary philosophers have charged that there is a conceptual tension between nondualistic types of mystical awareness--an awareness of some particular conception of the divine as an all-pervasive unity within which there are no distinct substances--and the social character of morality. However, some nondualistic mystics have conceptualized enlightenment not only as being compatible with moral virtue--specifically, compassion and care--but as providing a foundation for it. I here offer a conceptual model for this grounding, at least according to Dōgen Zenji and (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  28. Prudence and the Fear of Death in Plato’s Apology.Emily A. Austin - 2010 - Ancient Philosophy 30 (1):39-55.
  29. The Priority of Prudence: Virtue and Natural Law in Thomas Aquinas and the Implications for Modern Ethics.Daniel Mark Nelson - 1992 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    In _The Priority of Prudence_, Daniel Mark Nelson proposes a reappropriation of a moral perspective that focuses on the cardinal virtues of courage, temperance, justice, and prudence. The study aims to recover and rehabilitate the virtue of prudence as a way of resuming a moral conversation that has been stalemated for too long. Nelson's main source for reviving the virtue of prudence is St. Thomas Aquinas's account of the cardinal virtues in the _Summa Theologica_. A primary problem (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  30.  46
    Prudence, Rationality and Happiness in Aristippus.Kristian Urstad - 2008 - Gnosis.
    It is noticeably clear from several ancient sources that the hedonist Aristippus of Cyrene (a friend and student of Socrates) asks us to concentrate on enjoying the pleasures of the present or near­ future. What is not so obvious is his reason for such a recommendation. Although any explanation for this is bound to be somewhat speculative due to the inadequacy of the sources, I would like to offer a possible rationale for, and subsequent reconstruction of, his view, one which (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  31.  12
    Prudence, Rationality and Happiness in Aristippus.Kristian Urstad - 2008 - Gnosis 9:1-23.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  32.  26
    Prudence, Benevolence, and Negligence : Virtue Ethics and Tort Law.Heidi Li Feldman - 2007 - In Colin Patrick Farrelly & Lawrence Solum (eds.), Virtue Jurisprudence. Palgrave-Macmillan.
  33. Animals, Advance Directives, and Prudence: Should We Let the Cheerfully Demented Die?David Limbaugh - 2016 - Ethics, Medicine and Public Health 2 (4):481-489.
    A high level of confidence in the identity of individuals is required to let them die as ordered by an advance directive. Thus, if we are animalists, then we should lack the confidence required to apply lethal advance directives to the cheerfully demented, or so I argue. In short, there is consensus among animalists that the best way to avoid serious objections to their account is to adopt an ontology that denies the existence of brains, hands, tables, chairs, iced-tea, and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  34.  16
    Prudence and the Principles of Natural Law: A Medieval Development.Pierre Payer - 1979 - Speculum 54 (1):55-70.
    The Virtue of prudence plays a central role in Aristotelian ethical thought, as it does in the early Christian speculation that developed relatively independently of Aristotelian influence. For Aristotle prudence is essential for the determination of the mean of moral virtue; there can be no moral virtue without prudence nor is it possible to be good in the true sense without prudence. Prudence is right reason in matters of human moral action. jQuery.click { event.preventDefault(); }).
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35.  68
    Prudence and the Temporal Structure of Practical Reasons.Duncan MacIntosh - 2003 - In Sarah Stroud & Christine Tappolet (eds.), Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality. Oxford University Press. pp. 230--250.
    I reject three theories of practical reason according to which a rational agent's ultimate reasons for acting must be unchanging: that one is rationally obliged in each choice (1) to be prudent--to advance all the desires one foresees ever having (the self-interest theory), rather than just those one has at the time of choice, or (2) to cause states of affairs that are good by some timeless, impersonal measure (Thomas Nagel), or (3) to obey permanent, universalizable deontic principles (Kant). Whether (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36. Prudence and the Reasons of Rational Persons.Duncan MacIntosh - 2001 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (3):346 – 365.
    Hume said that the reasons that determine the rationality of one's actions are the desires one has when acting: one's actions are rational iff they advance these desires. Thomas Nagel says this entails calling rational, actions absurdly conflicting in aims over time. For one might have reason, in one's current desires, to begin trying to cause states one foresees having reason, in one's foreseen desires, to prevent. Instead, then, real reasons must be timeless, so that current and foreseen reasons cannot (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37.  21
    Thomas Aquinas on Military Prudence.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2010 - Journal of Military Ethics 9 (3):262-275.
    Virtually all historical treatments of just war recognize the importance of the account given by Thomas Aquinas in Summa theologiae II-II, q. 40, ?De bello?, where he outlines three conditions ? legitimate authority, just cause, and right intention ? for a justifiable use of armed force. It is, however, less well known that within the same section of the work (q. 50, a. 4) Aquinas extended his reflection on just war into a theory of military prudence. By placing generalship (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  38.  31
    Prudence and Justice.Donald W. Bruckner - 2004 - Economics and Philosophy 20 (1):35-63.
    Whereas principles of justice adjudicate interpersonal conflicts, principles of prudence adjudicate intrapersonal conflicts – i.e., conflicts between the preferences an individual has now and the preferences he will have later. On a contractarian approach, principles of justice can be theoretically grounded in a hypothetical agreement in an appropriately specified pre-moral situation in which those persons with conflicting claims have representatives pushing for their claims. Similarly, I claim, principles of prudence can be grounded in a hypothetical agreement in an (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39.  16
    The Concept of Woman: The Aristotelian Revolution 750 BC-AD 1250.Prudence Allen - 1989 - Hypatia 4 (1):172-175.
  40. Prudence, Passion, and Freedom. On Heidegger¿ s Ideal of Besinnung.Hans Ruin - 2006 - Giornale di Metafisica 28 (1):29-52.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41.  17
    Prudence: Reply to Garver.Charles Jones - 1987 - Social Epistemology 1 (4):311 – 320.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  42. The Concept of Woman: The Aristotelian Revolution, 750 B.C. – A.D. 1250.Sr. Prudence Allen - 1997
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43.  32
    Morality, Prudence, and Obligations to Oneself.William Neblett - 1969 - Ethics 80 (1):70-73.
  44.  78
    Does Zhu Xi Distinguish Prudence From Morality?Justin Tiwald - 2013 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 12 (3):359-368.
    In Stephen Angle’s Sagehood, he contends that Neo-Confucian philosophers reject ways of moral thinking that draw hard and fast lines between self-directed or prudential concerns (about what is good for me) and other-directed or moral concerns (about what is right, just, virtuous, etc.), and suggests that they are right to do so. In this paper, I spell out Angle’s arguments and interpretation in greater detail and then consider whether they are faithful to one of the chief figures in Neo-Confucian thought. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  45.  34
    La Prudence Chez Kant.Pierre Aubenque - 1975 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 80 (2):156 - 182.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  46. Moral and Political Prudence in Kant.Eric Sean Nelson - 2004 - International Philosophical Quarterly 44 (3):305-319.
    This paper challenges the standard view that Kant ignored the role of prudence in moral life by arguing that there are two notions of prudence at work in his moral and political thought. First, prudence is ordinarily understood as a technical imperative of skill that consists in reasoning about the means to achieve a particular conditional end. Second, prudence functions as a secondary form of practical thought that plays a significant role in the development of applied (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  47.  22
    Practices and Prudence.W. Miller Brown - 1990 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 17 (1):71-84.
  48.  40
    Prudence: Aristotelian Perspectives on Practical Reason.Nick Haslam - 1991 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 21 (2):151–169.
  49. Prudence in the Twenty-First Century.Robert Hariman & Liu - 2007 - Modern Philosophy 1:63-73.
    Prudence is in order to achieve sustainability of good behavior and political contingencies applicable to deal with the kind of intellectual. To prudence and the recent recovery of Modern arrogant different alternative, one should take into account the distinctive features is that it reflects how deeply the plight of human behavior. These characteristics of practical wisdom through the words to define the history, theory, practice, structure, quality and other aspects of the audience to identify, they in this magazine (...)
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  16
    The Concept of Woman.Prudence Allen - 1997 - W.B. Eerdmans.
    v. 1. The Aristotelian revolution, 750 BC-AD 1250 -- v. 2. The early humanist Reformation, 1250-1500.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations