Results for 'Psychology and philosophy'

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  1. Confabulation: Views From Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Psychology and Philosophy.William Hirstein (ed.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    [This download contains the introductory chapter.] People confabulate when they make an ill-grounded claim that they honestly believe is true, for example in claiming to recall an event from their childhood that never actually happened. This interdisciplinary book brings together some of the leading thinkers on confabulation in neuroscience, psychiatry, psychology, and philosophy.
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  2.  72
    Nietzsche, Psychology, and First Philosophy.Robert B. Pippin - 2010 - University of Chicago Press.
    Friedrich Nietzsche is one of the most elusive thinkers in the philosophical tradition. His highly unusual style and insistence on what remains hidden or unsaid in his writing make pinning him to a particular position tricky. Nonetheless, certain readings of his work have become standard and influential. In this major new interpretation of Nietzsche’s work, Robert B. Pippin challenges various traditional views of Nietzsche, taking him at his word when he says that his writing can best be understood as a (...)
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  3. The Psychology and Philosophy of Buddhism.W. F. Jayasuriya - 1963 - Colombo, Y. M. B. A. Press.
     
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  4. Psychology and Philosophy of Teaching, According to Traditional Philosophy and Modern Trends.S. Alfonso Vargas - 1944 - Washington: The Catholic University of America Press.
     
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  5. Science, Psychology and Philosophy.Jose Thadavanal - 2002 - Journal of Dharma 27 (4):441-452.
    The article aims at highlighting the inadequacy of traditional philosophy, especially when taught in the traditional way, in making itself relevant to modern humans. The mind of the modern human is attuned to the scientific attitude and the scientific method; the speculative method which philosophy employs is no longer held reliable in the search for truth and objective knowledge. This shift in attitude and methodology is reflective of the transition from the prescientific to the scientific era. Philosophy, (...)
     
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  6.  39
    Social Psychology and Philosophy: Problems in Translation.Simon Keller - 2011 - Noûs 45 (4):776-791.
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  7.  3
    Between Psychology and Philosophy: East-West Themes and Beyond.Michael Slote - 2020 - Springer Verlag.
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  8.  37
    Psychology and Philosophy of Play (I.).W. H. Winch - 1906 - Mind 15 (57):32-52.
  9.  47
    Psychology and Philosophy of Play (II.).W. H. Winch - 1906 - Mind 15 (58):177-190.
  10. Philosophy of Psychology and the Humanities.Edith Stein - 2000 - Ics Publications, Institute of Carmelite Studies.
  11. Psychology and the Use of Intuitions in Philosophy.Brian Talbot - 2009 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 2 (2):157-176.
    There is widespread controversy about the use of intuitions in philosophy. In this paper I will argue that there are legitimate concerns about this use, and that these concerns cannot be fully responded to using the traditional methods of philosophy. We need an understanding of how intuitions are generated and what it is they are based on, and this understanding must be founded on the psychological investigation of the mind. I explore how a psychological understanding of intuitions is (...)
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  12.  55
    Functionalism, Psychology and the Philosophy of Mind.Kathleen V. Wilkes - 1981 - Philosophical Topics 12 (1):147-67.
  13.  91
    Cartesian Psychology and Physical Minds: Individualism and the Sciences of the Mind.Robert Andrew Wilson - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book offers the first sustained critique of individualism in psychology, a view that has been the subject of debate between philosophers such as Jerry Fodor and Tyler Burge for many years. The author approaches individualism as an issue in the philosophy of science and by discussing issues such as computationalism and the mind's modularity he opens the subject up for non-philosophers in psychology and computer science. Professor Wilson carefully examines the most influential arguments for individualism and (...)
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  14.  28
    Functionalism, Psychology, and the Philosophy of Mind.K. V. Wilkes - 1981 - Philosophical Topics 12 (1):147-167.
  15. The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture.Jerome H. Barkow, Leda Cosmides & John Tooby - 1992 - Oxford University Press.
    Second, this collection of cognitive programs evolved in the Pleistocene to solve the adaptive problems regularly faced by our hunter-gatherer ancestors-...
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  16. Evolutionary Psychology and the Massive Modularity Hypothesis.Richard Samuels - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (4):575-602.
    In recent years evolutionary psychologists have developed and defended the Massive Modularity Hypothesis, which maintains that our cognitive architecture—including the part that subserves ‘central processing’ —is largely or perhaps even entirely composed of innate, domain-specific computational mechanisms or ‘modules’. In this paper I argue for two claims. First, I show that the two main arguments that evolutionary psychologists have offered for this general architectural thesis fail to provide us with any reason to prefer it to a competing picture of the (...)
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  17. Psychology as Philosophy.Donald Davidson - 1974 - In Stuart C. Brown (ed.), Philosophy of Psychology. Harper & Row. pp. 41-52.
    This essay develops the relation, implicit in Essay 11, of intentional action to behaviour described in purely physical terms; Davidson repeats from Essay 3 that an action counts as intentional if the agent caused it, and asks to which degree a study of action thus conceived permits being scientific. Davidson stresses the central importance of a normative concept of rationality in attributing reasons to agents ; because this concept has no echo in physical theory, any explanatory schema governed by the (...)
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  18.  10
    Functionalism, Psychology, and the Philosophy of Mind.K. V. Wilkes - 1981 - Philosophical Topics 12 (1):147-167.
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  19. Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading.Alvin I. Goldman - 2006 - Oxford University Press USA.
    People are minded creatures; we have thoughts, feelings and emotions. More intriguingly, we grasp our own mental states, and conduct the business of ascribing them to ourselves and others without instruction in formal psychology. How do we do this? And what are the dimensions of our grasp of the mental realm? In this book, Alvin I. Goldman explores these questions with the tools of philosophy, developmental psychology, social psychology and cognitive neuroscience. He refines an approach called (...)
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  20.  47
    Introspection in Psychology and Philosophy.Jeffery L. Geller - 1987 - Philosophy Research Archives 13:471-480.
    This article analyzes Wittgenstein’s position on the grammatical incorrigibility of psychological self-ascriptions and shows how introspective statements can be of use to philosophers. In Wittgenstein On Rules and Private Language, Kripke notes Wittgenstein’s puzzling ambivalence toward introspection. On the one hand Wittgenstein repudiates introspection and on the other he uses it in his own philosophical investigations. To resolve the paradox, this paper distinguishes between introspective methodology in psychological and philosophical investigations. Wittgenstein’s arguments against introspection are specifically directed at introspective methodology (...)
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  21. Psyche Lectures on Psychology and Philosophy.James F. Sheridan - 1979
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  22.  11
    Consciousness in Psychology and Philosophy.G. A. Tawney - 1911 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 8 (8):197-203.
  23.  55
    Attention, Psychology, and Pluralism.Henry Taylor - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 69 (4):935-956.
    There is an overriding orthodoxy amongst philosophers that attention is a ‘unified phenomenon’, subject to explanation by one monistic theory. In this article, I examine whether this philosophical orthodoxy is reflected in the practice of psychology. I argue that the view of attention that best represents psychological work is a variety of conceptual pluralism. When it comes to the psychology of attention, monism should be rejected and pluralism should be embraced. _1_ The Monistic Consensus _2_ The Varieties of (...)
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  24.  1
    Soviet Education: Its Psychology and Philosophy[REVIEW]N. S. Timasheff - 1948 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 23 (2):323-323.
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  25. Consciousness in Psychology and Philosophy.G. A. Tawney - 1911 - Journal of Philosophy 8 (8):197.
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  26.  12
    A Rapprochement of Biology, Psychology, and Philosophy.Sandra Scarr - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):29-29.
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  27. Consciousness in Psychology and Philosophy.G. A. Tawney - 1911 - Philosophical Review 20:583.
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  28. Soul and Body-Neuroscience, Psychology and Philosophy in Confrontation.P. Valore - 2004 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 96 (2-3):567-575.
     
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  29.  41
    The Innate Capacity: Mysticism, Psychology, and Philosophy.Robert K. C. Forman (ed.) - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    This is a sequel to Forman's well-received collection, The Problems of Pure Consciousness (OUP 1990). The essays in this previous volume argued that some mystical experiences do not seem to be formed or shaped by the language system--a thesis that stands in sharp contrast to the constructivist school, which holds that all mysticism is the product of a cultural and linguistic process. In The Innate Capacity, the same scholars put forward a hypothesis about the formative causes of these "pure consciousness" (...)
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  30.  16
    Cartesian Psychology and Physical Minds.Robert A. Wilson - 1997 - Philosophical Quarterly 47 (188):392-395.
    This book offers a sustained critique of individualism in psychology, a view that has been the subject of debate between philosophers such as Jerry Fodor and Tyler Burge for many years. The author approaches individualism as an issue in the philosophy of science and by discussing issues such as computationalism and the mind's modularity he opens the subject up for non-philosophers in psychology and computer science. Professor Wilson carefully examines the most influential arguments for individualism and identifies (...)
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  31. Psychology and Philosophy: Interdisciplinary Problems and Responses.William T. O'Donohue & Richard F. Kitchener (eds.) - 1995 - Allyn & Bacon.
     
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  32.  13
    Personal Construct Theory as the Ground for a Rapproachment Between Psychology and Philosophy in Education.W. G. Warren - 1990 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 22 (1):31–39.
  33.  17
    Embodied Moral Psychology and Confucian Philosophy.Bongrae Seok - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    The body is not a physical reservoir or temporary means of cognitive processes but the part and parcel of our cognitive and moral life. Confucian philosophy provides insightful discussions and examples of how the body serves the moral mind not only causally but also constitutionally.
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  34.  34
    Arabic and Islamic Psychology and Philosophy of Mind.Alfred Ivry - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  35. Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading.Alvin L. Goldman - 2008 - Oup Usa.
    People are minded creatures; we have thoughts, feelings and emotions. More intriguingly, we grasp our own mental states, and conduct the business of ascribing them to ourselves and others without instruction in formal psychology. How do we do this? And what are the dimensions of our grasp of the mental realm? In this book, Alvin I. Goldman explores these questions with the tools of philosophy, developmental psychology, social psychology and cognitive neuroscience. He refines an approach called (...)
     
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  36. Rediscovering Empathy: Agency, Folk Psychology, and the Human Sciences.Karsten Stueber - 2006 - Bradford.
    In this timely and wide-ranging study, Karsten Stueber argues that empathy is epistemically central for our folk-psychological understanding of other agents--that it is something we cannot do without in order to gain understanding of other minds. Setting his argument in the context of contemporary philosophy of mind and the interdisciplinary debate about the nature of our mindreading abilities, Stueber counters objections raised by some in the philosophy of social science and argues that it is time to rehabilitate the (...)
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  37.  22
    Psychology and Philosophy.Gary Hatfield - 2010 - In Dean Moyar (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Nineteenth Century Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 522-53.
    This chapter first discusses psychology in the eighteenth century as the background to nineteenth-century psychology. It then recounts developments within German psychology, British psychology, evolutionary psychology, and American psychology, followed by a discussion of introspective methods in the laboratory. The final three sections discuss conflicting opinions on the existence of unconscious mental states, review relations between philosophy and psychology, and survey the state of psychology in the early twentieth century.
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  38.  21
    Animal Psychology and Criteria of the Psychic.Robert M. Yerkes - 1905 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 2 (6):141-149.
  39. Grammar, Psychology, and Indeterminacy.Stephen P. Stich - 1972 - Journal of Philosophy 69 (22):799.
  40.  66
    Should Christians Be Worried About Situationist Claims in Psychology and Philosophy?Christian B. Miller - 2016 - Faith and Philosophy 33 (1):48-73.
    The situationist movement in psychology and, more recently, in philosophy has been associated with a number of striking claims, including that most people do not have the moral virtues and vices, that any ethical theory which is wedded to such character traits is empirically inadequate, and that much of our behavior is causally influenced, to significant degrees, by psychological influences about which we are often unaware. Yet Christian philosophers have had virtually nothing to say about situationist claims. The (...)
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  41.  9
    Autonomous Psychology and the Belief-Desire Thesis.Stephen P. Stich - 1978 - The Monist 61 (4):573-591.
    A venerable view, still very much alive, holds that human action is to be explained at least in part in terms of beliefs and desires. Those who advocate the view expect that the psychological theory which explains human behavior will invoke the concepts of belief and desire in a substantive way. I will call this expectation the belief-desire thesis. Though there would surely be a quibble or a caveat here and there, the thesis would be endorsed by an exceptionally heterogeneous (...)
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  42. Understanding Social Norms and Constitutive Rules: Perspectives From Developmental Psychology and Philosophy.Ingar Brinck - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):699-718.
    An experimental paradigm that purports to test young children’s understanding of social norms is examined. The paradigm models norms on Searle’s notion of a constitutive rule. The experiments and the reasons provided for their design are discussed. It is argued that the experiments do not provide direct evidence about the development of social norms and that the concepts of a social norm and constitutive rule are distinct. The experimental data are re-interpreted, and suggestions for how to deal with the present (...)
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  43. Gestalt Psychology and the Philosophy of Mind.William Epstein & Gary Hatfield - 1994 - Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):163-181.
    The Gestalt psychologists adopted a set of positions on mind-body issues that seem like an odd mix. They sought to combine a version of naturalism and physiological reductionism with an insistence on the reality of the phenomenal and the attribution of meanings to objects as natural characteristics. After reviewing basic positions in contemporary philosophy of mind, we examine the Gestalt position, characterizing it m terms of phenomenal realism and programmatic reductionism. We then distinguish Gestalt philosophy of mind from (...)
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  44.  69
    Jung's Psychology and Deleuze's Philosophy: The Unconscious in Learning.Inna Semetsky & Joshua A. Delpech‐Ramey - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (1):69-81.
    This paper addresses the unconscious dimension as articulated in Carl Jung's depth psychology and in Gilles Deleuze's philosophy. Jung's theory of the archetypes and Deleuze's pedagogy of the concept are two complementary resources that posit individuation as the goal of human development and self-education in practice. The paper asserts that educational theory should explore the role of the unconscious in learning, especially with regard to adult education in the process of learning from life-experiences. The integration of the unconscious (...)
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  45. Editorial: Psychology and Experimental Philosophy.Joshua Knobe, Tania Lombrozo & Edouard Machery - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (2):157-160.
    Recent years have seen an explosion of new work at the intersection of philosophy and experimental psychology. This work takes the concerns with moral and conceptual issues that have so long been associated with philosophy and connects them with the use of systematic and well-controlled empirical investigations that one more typically finds in psychology. Work in this new field often goes under the name "experimental philosophy".
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  46. Folk Psychology and Phenomenal Consciousness.Justin Sytsma - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (8):700-711.
    In studying folk psychology, cognitive and developmental psychologists have mainly focused on how people conceive of non-experiential states such as beliefs and desires. As a result, we know very little about how non-philosophers (or the folk) understand the mental states that philosophers typically classify as being phenomenally conscious. In particular, it is not known whether the folk even tend to classify mental states in terms of their being or not being phenomenally conscious in the first place. Things have changed (...)
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  47. Folk Psychology and Mental Simulation.Tony Stone & Martin Davies - 1998 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 43:53-82.
    This paper is about the contemporary debate concerning folk psychology – the debate between the proponents of the theory theory of folk psychology and the friends of the simulation alternative.1 At the outset, we need to ask: What should we mean by this term ‘folk psychology’?
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  48.  64
    Phenomenology in Psychology and Psychiatry: An Historical Introduction.Herbert Spiegelberg - 1972 - Northwestern University Press.
    Phenomenological Psychology in Phenomenological Philosophy [i] Introductory Remarks The chief purpose of the present chapter is to serve as a reminder. ...
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  49. Lectures & Conversations on Aesthetics, Psychology and Religious Belief.Ludwig Wittgenstein (ed.) - 1966 - Blackwell.
    In 1938 Wittgenstein delivered a short course of lectures on aesthetics to a small group of students at Cambridge. The present volume has been compiled from notes taken down at the time by three of the students: Rush Rhees, Yorick Smythies, and James Taylor. They have been supplemented by notes of conversations on Freud (to whom reference was made in the course on aesthetics) between Wittgenstein and Rush Rhees, and by notes of some lectures on religious belief. As very little (...)
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  50.  60
    Sensation in Psychology and Philosophy.Charles Hartshorne - 1963 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):3-14.
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