Results for 'Q. Lei'

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  1.  41
    A Splitting with Infimum in the D-C. E. Degrees.Q. Lei, L. Hong & D. Decheng - 2000 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 46 (1):53-76.
    In this paper we prove that any c. e. degree is splittable with an c. e. infimum over any lesser c. e. degree in the class of (...)
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  2.  9
    Transmission Electron Microscopy Investigation of Domains and Boundaries in Bulk La2/3Ca1/3MnO3.D. D. Liang, C. H. Lei, Q. Y. Xu & Y. Ding - 2003 - Philosophical Magazine 83 (25):2915-2927.
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  3. Dynamics and Complexity Analysis of Fractional-Order Chaotic Systems with Line Equilibrium Based on Adomian Decomposition.Heng Chen, Tengfei Lei, Su Lu, WenPeng Dai, Lijun Qiu & Lin Zhong - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-13.
    In this paper, the Adomian decomposition method is applied to solve the fractional-order system with line equilibrium. The dynamics of the system is analyzed by means (...)of the Lyapunov exponent spectrum, bifurcations, chaotic attractor, and largest Lyapunov exponent diagram. At the same time, through the Lyapunov exponent spectrum and bifurcation graph of the system under the change of the initial value, the influence of fractional order q on the system state can be observed. That is, integer-order systems do not have the phenomenon of attractors coexistence, while fractional-order systems have it. (shrink)
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  4. Taking Emergentism Seriously.Lei Zhong - 2020 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 98 (1):31-46.
    The Exclusion Argument has afflicted non-reductionists for decades. In this article, I attempt to show that emergentismthe view that mental entities can downwardly cause physical entities (...) in a non-overdetermining wayis the most plausible approach to solving the exclusion problem. The emergentist approach is largely absent in contemporary philosophy of mind, because emergentism rejects the Causal Closure of Physics, a doctrine embraced by almost all physicalists. This article, however, challenges the consensus on causal closure and defends a physicalist version of emergentism. On closer examination, I find that neither physical evidence nor physicalist considerations can satisfactorily support causal closure. Moreover, I argue that two competing approaches that accept causal closure, compatibilism and autonomism, involve ad hoc postulations of mental causation. Therefore, all things considered, emergentism is the best option available to non-reductive physicalists. (shrink)
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  5. Sophisticated Exclusion and Sophisticated Causation.Lei Zhong - 2014 - Journal of Philosophy 111 (7):341-360.
    The Exclusion Argument, which aims to deny the causal efficacy of irreducible mental properties, is probably the most serious challenge to non-reductive physicalism. Many proposed solutions (...)to the exclusion problem can only reject simplified exclusion arguments, but fail to block a sophisticated version I introduce. In this paper, I attempt to show that we can refute the sophisticated exclusion argument by appeal to a sophisticated understanding of causation, what I call the 'Dual-condition Conception of Causation'. Specifically, I argue that the dual-condition account of causation gives strong support to the so-called 'Autonomy Solution', which contends that even if mental properties are unable to cause (fundamental) physical properties, they can still cause higher-level properties (such as mental, behavioral, and social properties)—if so, human agency would be preserved in the physical world. (shrink)
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  6. The Impact of Chinese Culture on Corporate Social Responsibility: The Harmony Approach[REVIEW]Lei Wang & Heikki Juslin - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (3):433 - 451.
    Although the history of adopting the Western Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) concept in China spans less than 20 years, the core principles of CSR are not new (...)
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  7. Can Counterfactuals Solve the Exclusion Problem?Lei Zhong - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 83 (1):129-147.
    A quite popular approach to solving the Causal Exclusion Problem is to adopt a counterfactual theory of causation. In this paper, I distinguish three versions of the (...)
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  8. Semantic Normativity and Semantic Causality.Lei Zhong - 2017 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 94 (3):626-645.
    Semantic normativism, which is the view that semantic properties/concepts are some kind of normative properties/concepts, has become increasingly influential in contemporary meta-semantics. In this paper, (...)
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  9. Counterfactuals, Regularity and the Autonomy Approach.Lei Zhong - 2012 - Analysis 72 (1):75-85.
    Many philosophers insist that the most plausible solution to the exclusion problem is to adopt the so-calledautonomy approach’, which denies either upward or downward causation (...)between mental and physical properties. But the question of whether the autonomy approach is compatible with respectable theories of causation has seldom been discussed in the literature. This paper considers two influential theories of causation, the counterfactual account and the regularity account. I argue that neither the counterfactual theory nor the regularity theory can support the autonomy approachwhile the counterfactual approach fails to block downward causation, the regularity approach is unable to refute upward causation. (shrink)
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  10.  23
    Legendre Cooperative PSO Strategies for Trajectory Optimization.Lei Liu, Yongji Wang, Fuqiang Xie & Jiashi Gao - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-13.
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  11.  26
    Lack of Improvement in Scientific Integrity: An Analysis of WoS Retractions by Chinese Researchers.Lei Lei & Ying Zhang - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (5):1409-1420.
    This study investigated the status quo of article retractions by Chinese researchers. The bibliometric information of 834 retractions from the Web of Science SCI-expanded database were (...)downloaded and analysed. The results showed that the number of retractions increased in the past two decades, and misconduct such as plagiarism, fraud, and faked peer review explained approximately three quarters of the retractions. Meanwhile, a large proportion of the retractions seemed typical of deliberate fraud, which might be evidenced by retractions authored by repeat offenders of data fraud and those due to faked peer review. In addition, a majority of Chinese fraudulent authors seemed to aim their articles which contained a possible misconduct at low-impact journals, regardless of the types of misconduct. The system of scientific evaluation, thepublish or perishpressure Chinese researchers are facing, and the relatively low costs of scientific integrity may be responsible for the scientific integrity. We suggested more integrity education and severe sanctions for the policy-makers, as well as change in the peer review system and transparent retraction notices for journal administrators. (shrink)
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  12.  21
    Active Fault-Tolerant Control for Wind Turbine with Simultaneous Actuator and Sensor Faults.Lei Wang, Ming Cai, Hu Zhang, Fuad Alsaadi & Liu Chen - 2017 - Complexity:1-11.
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  13.  2
    Image Noise Preprocessing of Interactive Projection System Based on Switching Filtering Scheme.Lei Yu - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-10.
    Large-screen human-computer interaction technology is reflected in all aspects of daily life. The dynamic gesture tracking algorithm commonly used in recent large-screen interactive technologies demonstrates (...)
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  14.  8
    Carrot or Stick? The Role of In-Group/Out-Group on the Multilevel Relationship Between Authoritarian and Differential Leadership and Employee Turnover Intention.Lei Wang, Meng-Yu Cheng & Song Wang - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 152 (4):1069-1084.
    The aim of this study is to develop an integrative model linking the effect of authoritarian leadership and differential leadership on employee turnover intention, and further explore (...)
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  15. Physicalism, Psychism, and Phenomenalism.Lei Zhong - 2016 - Journal of Philosophy 113 (11):572-590.
    The dominant way to define physical entities is by appeal to ideal physics (as opposed to current physics). However, it has been worried that physicalism understood in (...)
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  16. Why the Counterfactualist Should Still Worry About Downward Causation.Lei Zhong - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (1):159-171.
    In Zhong (Philos Phenomenol Res 83:129147, 2011; Analysis 72:7585, 2012), I argued that, contrary to what many people might expect, the counterfactual theory of (...)causation will generate (rather than solve) the exclusion problem. Recently some philosophers raise an incisive objection to this argument. They contend that my argument fails as it equivocates between different notions of a physical realizer (see Christensen and Kallestrup in Analysis 72:513517, 2012). However, I find that their criticism doesnt threaten the central idea of my view. In this paper, I make two separate responses that appeal to two unequivocal notions of physical realizers, respectively. I aim to show that a modified argument that uses either notion would work. (shrink)
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  17.  5
    A Novel Automatic Generation Control Method Based on the Ecological Population Cooperative Control for the Islanded Smart Grid.Lei Xi, Yudan Li, Yuehua Huang, Ling Lu & Jianfeng Chen - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-17.
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  18. Lei, Amizade e participação política em Aristóteles após o biological turn, reflexões preliminares sobre um novo paradigma hermenêutico.Daniel Simão Nascimento - 2015 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 15:59-70.
    Este artigo tem quatro objetivos. O primeiro deles é mostrar que dois debates contemporâneos de grande importância para a filosofia política aristotélicaa saber, o debate acerca (...) do laço que liga ou deve ligar os cidadãos de uma comunidade política e o debate acerca da importância da participação política no que diz respeito ao alcance da felicidadedevem ser compreendidos em conjunto com o movimento hermenêutico que chamamos hoje de biological turn. Como veremos, a maneira como respondemos a essas duas questões influencia ainda uma terceira, a saber, a questão acerca da importância e da função da lei para a comunidade política tal como pensada por Aristóteles. O segundo objetivo é resumir os principais argumentos apresentados nos ditos debates apontando sua pertinência e as suas falhas. O terceiro objetivo é ressaltar um ponto de considerável importância para ambos os debates que não recebeu a devida atenção por parte dos comentadores. Sendo impossível alcançar uma resposta definitiva a respeito das duas questões no espaço que temos aqui, o último objetivo do presente artigo é indicar um possível caminho para futuras investigações. (shrink)
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  19.  19
    Performing Bayesian Inference with Exemplar Models.Lei Shi, Naomi H. Feldman & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 745--750.
  20. Q-Spaces and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics.Graciela Domenech, Federico Holik & Décio Krause - 2008 - Foundations of Physics 38 (11):969-994.
    Our aim in this paper is to take quite seriously Heinz Posts claim that the non-individuality and the indiscernibility of quantum objects should be introduced right (...) at the start, and not made a posteriori by introducing symmetry conditions. Using a different mathematical framework, namely, quasi-set theory, we avoid working within a label-tensor-product-vector-space-formalism, to use Redhead and Tellers words, and get a more intuitive way of dealing with the formalism of quantum mechanics, although the underlying logic should be modified. We build a vector space with inner product, the Q-space, using the non-classical part of quasi-set theory, to deal with indistinguishable elements. Vectors in Q-space refer only to occupation numbers and permutation operators act as the identity operator on them, reflecting in the formalism the fact of unobservability of permutations. Thus, this paper can be regarded as a tentative to follow and enlarge Heinsenbergs suggestion that new phenomena require the formation of a newclosed” (that is, axiomatic) theory, coping also with the physical theorys underlying logic and mathematics. (shrink)
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  21. Values and Corporate Social Responsibility Perceptions of Chinese University Students.Lei Wang & Heikki Juslin - 2012 - Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (1):57-82.
    The purpose of this study is to analyse the effects of personal demographic factors on Chinese university studentsvalues and perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) issues, (...)
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  22.  19
    Fault-Tolerant Mixed H∞/Passive Synchronization for Delayed Chaotic Neural Networks with Sampled-Data Control.Lei Su & Hao Shen - 2016 - Complexity 21 (6):246-259.
  23.  7
    Large-Screen Interactive Imaging System with Switching Federated Filter Method Based on 3D Sensor.Lei Yu & Junyi Hou - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-11.
    Large-screen human-computer interaction technology is reflected in all aspects of daily life. The dynamic gesture tracking algorithm commonly used in recent large-screen interactive technologies demonstrates (...)
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  24.  10
    Q-Adjectives and the Semantics of Quantity.S. Solt - 2015 - Journal of Semantics 32 (2):221-273.
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  25.  5
    Walking Gait Phase Detection Based on Acceleration Signals Using Voting-Weighted Integrated Neural Network.Lei Yan, Tao Zhen, Jian-Lei Kong, Lian-Ming Wang & Xiao-Lei Zhou - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-14.
    Human gait phase recognition is a significant technology for rehabilitation training robot, human disease diagnosis, artificial prosthesis, and so on. The efficient design of the recognition method (...)
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  26.  8
    Discovering Travel Community for POI Recommendation on Location-Based Social Networks.Lei Tang, Dandan Cai, Zongtao Duan, Junchi Ma, Meng Han & Hanbo Wang - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-8.
    Point-of-interest recommendations are a popular form of personalized service in which users share their POI location and related content with their contacts in location-based social (...)
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  27.  7
    An Application of -Dimensional Time-Space Fractional ZK Model to Analyze the Complex Dust Acoustic Waves.Lei Fu & Hongwei Yang - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-15.
    Dust plasma is a new field of physics which has developed rapidly in recent decades. The study of dust plasma has received much attention due to its (...)
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  28. A Confucian Virtue Theory of Supererogation.Lei Zhong - 2016 - Philosophy East and West 66 (1):328-341.
    Contemporary virtue ethicists have attempted to offer a virtue-based account of right action. However, such an account is faced by a daunting challenge, thesupererogation problem (...)as it may be called. Since what a virtuous person would characteristically do is often beyond the scope of moral duty, virtue ethics seems to have difficulty in accommodating the distinction between obligation and supererogation. This essay aims to meet this challenge by recommending a Confucian virtue theory of supererogation. (shrink)
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  29.  18
    Deep Learning Based Proactive Caching for Effective WSN-Enabled Vision Applications.Fangyuan Lei, Jun Cai, Qingyun Dai & Huimin Zhao - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-12.
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  30. Measurements of the Internal Brensstrahlunp; of 32P, 90Y and9Sr Q. Loos, W. Krelsche, W. Lampert and H.-J. Trebst I. Physlkallsches Instltut der Unlversltat Erlangen-NUrnberg[REVIEW]Q. Loos - 1968 - In Peter Koestenbaum (ed.), Proceedings. [San Jose? Calif.. pp. 1--181.
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  31. An Explanatory Challenge to Moral Reductionism.Lei Zhong - 2012 - Theoria 78 (4):309-325.
    It is generally believed that moral reductionism is immune from notorious problems in moral metaphysics and epistemology, such as the problem of moral explanationit is at (...) least on this dimension that moral reductionism scores better than moral anti- reductionism. However, in this article I reject this popular view. First, I argue that moral reductionism fails to help vindicate the explanatory efficacy of moral properties because the reductionist solution is either circular or otiose. Second, I attempt to show that a successful vindication, if any, of moral explanation requires moral-descriptive irreducibility. My discussion thus raises an explanatory challenge to moral reductionism. (shrink)
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  32.  87
    Propositional Q-Logic.Stefan Wölfl - 2002 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (5):387-414.
    Topic of the paper is Q-logic - a logic of agency in its temporal and modal context. Q-logic may be considered as a basal logic of (...)agency since the most important stitoperators discussed in the literature can be defined or axiomatized easily within its semantical and syntactical framework. Its basic agent dependent operator, the Q-operator (also known as Δ- or cstit-operator), which has been discussed independently by E v. Kutschera and B. E Chellas, is investigated here in respect of its relation to other temporal and modal operators. The main result of the paper, then, is a completeness result for a calculus of Q-logic with respect to a semantics defined on the tree-approach to agency as introduced and developed by, among others, E v. Kutschera and N. D. Belnap. (shrink)
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  33.  64
    The Relationship Between Ethical Leadership and Unethical Pro-Organizational Behavior: Linear or Curvilinear Effects[REVIEW]Q. Miao, A. Newman, J. Yu & L. Xu - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 116 (3):641-653.
    In this study, we examine the nature of the relationship between ethical leadership and unethical pro-organizational behavior (UPB), defined as unethical behavior conducted by employees with (...)the aim of benefiting their organization, and whether the strength of the relationship differs between subordinates experiencing high and low identification with supervisor. Based on three-wave survey data obtained from 239 public sector employees in China, we find that ethical leadership has an inverted u-shaped (curvilinear) relationship with UPB. As the level of ethical leadership increases from low to moderate, UPB increases; as the level of ethical leadership increases from moderate to high, UPB decreases. Further, we find that the strength of this inverted u-curve relationship differs between subordinates with high and low identification with supervisor. That is to say, the inverted u-shaped relationship between ethical leadership and UPB was stronger when subordinates experienced high levels of identification with supervisor. The theoretical and managerial implications of our findings for understanding how to manage UPB in an organizational context are discussed. (shrink)
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  34.  75
    A Unificationist Vindication of Moral Explanation.Lei Zhong - 2011 - Philosophical Forum 42 (2):131-146.
    There are two putative disanalogies between moral explanations and other sorts of higher-order explanations. First, moral properties epistemically depend on their non-normative base properties. Some might (...) thus argue that the explanatory role of moral properties entirely derive from the role of non-normative base properties. Second, moral explanations seem to be characteristically mediated by our moral beliefs, attitudes, and sensibilities, etc., in a way in which most higher-order explanations are not. It could thus be argued that alleged moral explanations are just an elliptical form of psychological explanation. These arguments against moral explanation dont seem to challenge many other kinds of higher-order explanations. In my paper, I attempt to show that the two putative disanalogies do not in the end raise serious challenges to the explanatory efficacy of the moral. In doing so, I appeal to a unificationist account of explanation to vindicate the explanatory efficacy of moral properties. I argue that moral facts or properties can have explanatory power due to their distinctive unifying role (even if they are irreducible to non-normative properties). (shrink)
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  35.  49
    Hobbes and the Purely Artificial Person of the State.Q. Skinner - 1999 - Journal of Political Philosophy 7 (1):1–29.
  36.  6
    Network Embedding-Aware Point-of-Interest Recommendation in Location-Based Social Networks.Lei Guo, Haoran Jiang, Xiyu Liu & Changming Xing - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-18.
    As one of the important techniques to explore unknown places for users, the methods that are proposed for point-of-interest recommendation have been widely studied in recent (...) years. Compared with traditional recommendation problems, POI recommendations are suffering from more challenges, such as the cold-start and one-class collaborative filtering problems. Many existing studies have focused on how to overcome these challenges by exploiting different types of contexts. However, most of these methods only model these contexts as regularization terms, and the deep information hidden in the network structure has not been fully exploited. On the other hand, neural network-based embedding methods have shown its power in many recommendation tasks with its ability to extract high-level representations from raw data. According to the above observations, to well utilize the network information, a neural network-based embedding method is first exploited to learn the user and POI representations from a social network and a predefined location network, respectively. To deal with the implicit feedback, a pair-wise ranking-based method is then introduced. Finally, by regarding the pretrained network representations as the priors of the latent feature factors, an embedding-based POI recommendation method is proposed. As this method consists of an embedding model and a collaborative filtering model, when the training data are absent, the predictions will mainly be generated by the extracted embeddings. In other cases, this method will learn the user and POI factors from these two components. Experiments on two real-world datasets demonstrate the importance of the network embeddings and the effectiveness of our proposed method. (shrink)
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  37.  7
    Adaptive Neural Networks Control Using Barrier Lyapunov Functions for DC Motor System with Time-Varying State Constraints.Lei Ma & Dapeng Li - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-9.
    This paper proposes an adaptive neural network control approach for a direct-current system with full state constraints. To guarantee that state constraints always remain in the (...)asymmetric time-varying constraint regions, the asymmetric time-varying Barrier Lyapunov Function is employed to structure an adaptive NN controller. As we all know that the constant constraint is only a special case of the time-varying constraint, hence, the proposed control method is more general for dealing with constraint problem as compared with the existing works on DC systems. As far as we know, this system is the first studied situations with time-varying constraints. Using Lyapunov analysis, all signals in the closed-loop system are proved to be bounded and the constraints are not violated. In this paper, the effectiveness of the control method is demonstrated by simulation results. (shrink)
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  38.  36
    To: “Sedimentary Facies and the Rifting Process During the Late Cretaceous to Early Oligocene in the Northern Continental Margin, South China Sea,” Zhe Wu, Weilin Zhu, Lei Shao, and Changhai Xu, Interpretation, 4, No. 3, SP33SP45, Doi: 10.1190/INT-2015-0163.1[REVIEW]Zhe Wu, Weilin Zhu, Lei Shao & Changhai Xu - 2016 - Interpretation: SEG 4 (4):Y5-Y5.
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  39.  10
    Obesity and Time Preference: The Health Consequences of Discounting the Future.Lei Zhang & Inas Rashad - 2008 - Journal of Biosocial Science 40 (1):97-113.
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  40.  8
    Automatic Processing of Emotional Words in the Absence of Awareness: The Critical Role of P2.Yi Lei, Haoran Dou, Qingming Liu, Wenhai Zhang, Zhonglu Zhang & Hong Li - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  41.  6
    Temporal Features of Psychological and Physical Self-Representation: An ERP Study.Lei Liu, Wenjie Li, Jin Li, Lingna Lou & Jie Chen - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  42.  15
    Relationship Between Pore Characteristics and Occurrence State of Shale Gas: A Case Study of Lower Silurian Longmaxi Shale in the Upper Yangtze Platform, South China.Lei Chen, Zhenxue Jiang, Keyu Liu, Pengfei Wang, Yu Liu, He Bi, Fenglin Gao, Chen Zhang & Wenming Ji - 2017 - Interpretation: SEG 5 (3):T437-T449.
    We have used focused ion beam-helium ion microscopy and low-pressure [Formula: see text] adsorption to investigate the pore characteristics of Lower Silurian Longmaxi shale. These results (...), combined with the molecular potential energy theory, reveal the relationship between pore size and the occurrence state of shale gas. Our results reveal that the pore volume and the specific surface area of Lower Silurian Longmaxi shale are mainly contributed by the pores with diameters of less than 10 nm. Nanoscale organic-matter pores are predominant, and the pore surface is not generally smooth and has fractal characteristics. When the distance between the methane molecule and the pore wall in organic-matter pores is limited to 2 nm, there is a strong interaction force between them, and the methane molecule is affected by the interaction force and is in the adsorbed state accordingly. When the distance between them is greater than 2 nm, the interaction force can be ignored, and the methane molecule is not affected by the interaction force and is in the free state accordingly. In the pores having a radius greater than 2 nm, the adsorption capacity is positively correlated with the specific surface area; whereas in the pores having a radius smaller than 2 nm, the average gas concentration is related to the pore radius. First, the adsorption-zone volume increases, and then it decreases with increasing pore diameter. When the pore diameter ranges from 1 to 6 nm, the adsorption-zone volume is significantly larger than the free-zone volume. Within this range, the adsorption volume nearly equals the pore volume. When the pore diameter ranges from 6 to 60 nm, the adsorption volume gradually decreases, whereas the free volume increases, which equals the adsorption volume when the diameter reaches 15 nm. (shrink)
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  43.  21
    Lattice Dynamics Study of the Structural Transition in IrTe2.Lei Zhang, Xiangde Zhu, Langsheng Ling, Changjin Zhang, Li Pi & Yuheng Zhang - 2014 - Philosophical Magazine 94 (5):439-446.
  44.  33
    Lei e violência ou a legitimação política em Maquiavel.José Luiz Ames - 2011 - Trans/Form/Ação 34 (1):21-42.
    Uma das mais famosas e inovadoras teses de Maquiavel é a afirmação de que as boas leis nascem dos conflitos sociais, segundo o exemplo romano das oposições (...)
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  45.  27
    Electron Spin Resonance Study of a CuIr2S4single Crystal.Lei Zhang, Hechang Lei, Xiangde Zhu, Wei Tong, Changjin Zhang, Yuheng Zhang & C. Petrovic - 2013 - Philosophical Magazine 93 (9):1132-1141.
  46.  64
    Chinese University StudentsPerceptions of Plagiarism.Guangwei Hu & Jun Lei - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior 25 (3):233-255.
    This study examines Chinese undergraduatesperceptions of plagiarism in English academic writing in relation to their disciplinary background, academic enculturation, and gender. Drawing on data collected from (...)
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  47.  31
    Q.E.D., Qed.Adam Koberinski & Chris Smeenk - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 71:1-13.
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  48.  72
    Harsh Justice: Criminal Punishment and the Widening Divide Between America and Europe.James Q. Whitman - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Why is American punishment so cruel? While in continental Europe great efforts are made to guarantee that prisoners are treated humanely, in America sentences have gotten longer (...)
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  49. Q-Consequence Operation.Grzegorz Malinowski - 1990 - Reports on Mathematical Logic 24 (1):49--59.
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  50. Unconscious Structural Knowledge of Tonal Symmetry: Tang Poetry Redefines Limits of Implicit Learning.Shan Jiang, Lei Zhu, Xiuyan Guo, Wendy Ma, Zhiliang Yang & Zoltan Dienes - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):476-486.
    The study aims to help characterize the sort of structures about which people can acquire unconscious knowledge. It is already well established that people can implicitly learn (...)
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