Results for 'Quantification Parts'

992 found
Order:
  1.  41
    Parts, Quantification and Aristotelian Predication.Mario Mignucci - 2000 - The Monist 83 (1):3-21.
    Reading through the Corpus Aristotelicum we come across a group of expressions meant to indicate predicative relations, which lead us to think that Aristotle connected predication to a part-whole relation. He frequently calls the ‘εἴδη’, “species”, ‘μέρη’, “parts”, of their genera. More generally, the universal is said to contain that of which it is true. In a parallel way, what is contained by something is also what is under something else. Again, it is quite common for him to consider (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  2.  13
    The Politics of Modern Reason: Politics, Anti-Politics and Norms on Continental Philosophy, James Bohman.Quantification Parts & Aristotelian Predication - 1999 - The Monist 82 (2).
  3. The Grammar of Quantification and the Fine Structure of Interpretation Contexts.Adrian Brasoveanu - 2013 - Synthese 190 (15):3001-3051.
    Providing a compositional interpretation procedure for discourses in which descriptions of complex dependencies between interrelated objects are incrementally built is a key challenge for formal theories of natural language interpretation. This paper examines several quantificational phenomena and argues that to account for these phenomena, we need richly structured contexts of interpretation that are passed on between different parts of the same sentence and also across sentential boundaries. The main contribution of the paper is showing how we can add structure (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  4.  27
    The Tinctures and Implicit Quantification Over Worlds.Jay Zeman - 1997 - In Paul Forster & Jacqueline Brunning (eds.), The Rule of Reason: The Philosophy of C.S. Peirce. University of Toronto Press. pp. 96-119.
    Jay Zeman one must keep a bright lookout for unintended and unexpected changes thereby brought about in the relations of different significant parts of the diagram to one another. Such operations upon diagrams, whether external or imaginary, take the place of the experiments upon real things that one performs in chemical and physical research. Chemists have ere now, I need not say, described experimentation as the putting of questions to Nature. Just so, experiments upon diagrams are questions put to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  5.  34
    XI.—Hamilton's Quantification of the Predicate.W. Bednarowski - 1956 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 56 (1):217-240.
    This paper consists roughly of three parts. In the first part, an attempt has been made to find some tenable interpretation of Hamilton's logic. This results in accepting that Hamilton's logic can be "saved" if it is understood as being an everday language version of Euler's relations, i.e., extensional relations between terms. In the second part, the propositions of Euler and the propositions of Aristotle are compared and found to be interdefinable: every proposition of Aristotle can be defined by (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  6. On the Infinite in Mereology with Plural Quantification.Massimiliano Carrara & Enrico Martino - 2011 - Review of Symbolic Logic 4 (1):54-62.
    In Lewis reconstructs set theory using mereology and plural quantification (MPQ). In his recontruction he assumes from the beginning that there is an infinite plurality of atoms, whose size is equivalent to that of the set theoretical universe. Since this assumption is far beyond the basic axioms of mereology, it might seem that MPQ do not play any role in order to guarantee the existence of a large infinity of objects. However, we intend to demonstrate that mereology and plural (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7.  31
    Commentary: David Lewis, Parts of Classes, Oxford: Blackwell, 1991.Einar Duenger Bohn - 2011 - Humana Mente 4 (19):151-158.
    David Lewis‘s Parts of Classes is a great book, in all respects. But one of its most interesting thesis, in my mind, is not its core thesis that standard set theory — ZFC — reduces to classical mereology + plural quantification + a primitive singleton-relation, but rather its sub-thesis of how to understand classical mereology, what Lewis calls the thesis of Composition as Identity: (CAI): a whole is the same portion of reality as its many parts taken (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8.  11
    Untranslated Parts of Genes Interpreted: Making Heads or Tails of High-Throughput Transcriptomic Data Via Computational Methods.Krzysztof J. Szkop & Irene Nobeli - 2017 - Bioessays 39 (12):1700090.
    In this review we highlight the importance of defining the untranslated parts of transcripts, and present a number of computational approaches for the discovery and quantification of alternative transcription start and poly-adenylation events in high-throughput transcriptomic data. The fate of eukaryotic transcripts is closely linked to their untranslated regions, which are determined by the position at which transcription starts and ends at a genomic locus. Although the extent of alternative transcription starts and alternative poly-adenylation sites has been revealed (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  13
    Neuromimetic Semantics: Coordination, Quantification, and Collective Predicates.Harry Howard - 2004 - Elsevier.
    This book attempts to marry truth-conditional semantics with cognitive linguistics in the church of computational neuroscience. To this end, it examines the truth-conditional meanings of coordinators, quantifiers, and collective predicates as neurophysiological phenomena that are amenable to a neurocomputational analysis. Drawing inspiration from work on visual processing, and especially the simple/complex cell distinction in early vision (V1), we claim that a similar two-layer architecture is sufficient to learn the truth-conditional meanings of the logical coordinators and logical quantifiers. As a prerequisite, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  51
    The Aristotelian Continuum. A Formal Characterization.Peter Roeper - 2006 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 47 (2):211-232.
    While the classical account of the linear continuum takes it to be a totality of points, which are its ultimate parts, Aristotle conceives of it as continuous and infinitely divisible, without ultimate parts. A formal account of this conception can be given employing a theory of quantification for nonatomic domains and a theory of region-based topology.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  11. On the Ontological Commitment of Mereology.Massimiliano Carrara & Enrico Martino - 2009 - Review of Symbolic Logic 2 (1):164-174.
    In Parts of Classes (1991) and Mathematics Is Megethology (1993) David Lewis defends both the innocence of plural quantification and of mereology. However, he himself claims that the innocence of mereology is different from that of plural reference, where reference to some objects does not require the existence of a single entity picking them out as a whole. In the case of plural quantification . Instead, in the mereological case: (Lewis, 1991, p. 87). The aim of the (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  12. How To Precisify Quantifiers.Arvid Båve - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (1):103-111.
    I here argue that Ted Sider's indeterminacy argument against vagueness in quantifiers fails. Sider claims that vagueness entails precisifications, but holds that precisifications of quantifiers cannot be coherently described: they will either deliver the wrong logical form to quantified sentences, or involve a presupposition that contradicts the claim that the quantifier is vague. Assuming (as does Sider) that the “connectedness” of objects can be precisely defined, I present a counter-example to Sider's contention, consisting of a partial, implicit definition of the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  13.  99
    Ontology, Identity, and Modality: Essays in Metaphysics.Peter van Inwagen - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book gathers together thirteen of Peter van Inwagen's essays on metaphysics, several of which have acquired the status of modern classics in their field. They range widely across such topics as Quine's philosophy of quantification, the ontology of fiction, the part-whole relation, the theory of 'temporal parts', and human knowledge of modal truths. In addition, van Inwagen considers the question as to whether the psychological continuity theory of personal identity is compatible with materialism, and defends the thesis (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  14. Ontology and the Ambitions of Metaphysics.Thomas Hofweber - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Many significant problems in metaphysics are tied to ontological questions, but ontology and its relation to larger questions in metaphysics give rise to a series of puzzles that suggest that we don't fully understand what ontology is supposed to do, nor what ambitions metaphysics can have for finding out about what the world is like. Thomas Hofweber aims to solve these puzzles about ontology and consequently to make progress on four metaphysical debates tied to ontology: the philosophy of arithmetic, the (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  15. Consequences of Collapse.Theodore Sider - 2014 - In Donald Baxter & Aaron Cotnoir (eds.), Composition as Identity. Oxford University Press. pp. 211-221.
    "Composition as identity" is the radical claim that the whole is identical to the parts - radical because it implies that a single object can be identical to many objects. Composition as identity, together with auxiliary assumptions, implies the principle of "collapse": an object is one of some things if and only it is part of the fusion of those things. Collapse has important implications: the comprehension principle of plural logic must be restricted, plural definite descriptions such as "the (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  16.  17
    Plurals, Presuppositions and the Sources of Distributivity.Roger Schwarzschild - 1993 - Natural Language Semantics 2 (3):201-248.
    This paper begins with a discussion ofcumulativity (e.g., ‘P(a) & P(b) implies P(a+b)’), formalized using a verb phrase operator. Next, the meanings of distributivity markers such aseach and non-distributivity indicators such astogether are considered. An existing analysis ofeach in terms of quantification over parts of a plurality is adopted. However,together is problematic, for it involves a cancellation or negation of the quantification associated witheach. (The four boys together owned exactly three cars could not be true if each (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  17.  77
    Unarticulated Constituents and Propositional Structure.Adam Sennet - 2011 - Mind and Language 26 (4):412-435.
    Attempts to characterize unarticulated constituents (henceforth: UCs) by means of quantification over the parts of a sentence and the constituents of the proposition it expresses come to grief in more complicated cases than are commonly considered. In particular, UC definitions are inadequate when we consider cases in which the same constituent appears more than once in a proposition that only has one word with the constituent as its semantic value. This article explores some consequences of trying to repair (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  18. Composition as Analysis: The Meta-Ontological Origins (and Future) of Composition as Identity.Martina Botti - forthcoming - Synthese.
    In this paper, I argue that the debate on Composition as Identity—the thesis that any composite object is identical to its parts—is deadlocked because both the defenders and the detractors of the claim have so far failed to take its philosophical core at face value and have, as a result, defended and criticized respectively something that is not Composition as Identity. After establishing how Composition as Identity should properly be understood and proposing for it a new interpretation centered around (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19. The Classical Continuum Without Points.Geoffrey Hellman & Stewart Shapiro - 2013 - Review of Symbolic Logic 6 (3):488-512.
    We develop a point-free construction of the classical one- dimensional continuum, with an interval structure based on mereology and either a weak set theory or logic of plural quantification. In some respects this realizes ideas going back to Aristotle,although, unlike Aristotle, we make free use of classical "actual infinity". Also, in contrast to intuitionistic, Bishop, and smooth infinitesimal analysis, we follow classical analysis in allowing partitioning of our "gunky line" into mutually exclusive and exhaustive disjoint parts, thereby demonstrating (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  20.  10
    Social Negotiations of Meanings and Changes in the Beliefs of Prospective Teachers: A Vygotskian Perspective.Y. Soysal & S. Radmard - 2018 - Educational Studies 44 (1):57-80.
    This study presents an exploration of the belief changes of prospective teachers through social co-constructivist teaching. The future presumed in-class teaching orientations of the PTs were also estimated by metaphor analysis. A case study was conducted to monitor the belief changes of the PTs and estimate their probable in-class practices. The participants were six PTs involved in a certification in education programme. The data were gathered from the following different sources; interviews, written reflections and metaphor explanations. The data that were (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21.  79
    Consistency, Models, and Soundness.Matthias Schirn - 2010 - Axiomathes 20 (2-3):153-207.
    This essay consists of two parts. In the first part, I focus my attention on the remarks that Frege makes on consistency when he sets about criticizing the method of creating new numbers through definition or abstraction. This gives me the opportunity to comment also a little on H. Hankel, J. Thomae—Frege’s main targets when he comes to criticize “formal theories of arithmetic” in Die Grundlagen der Arithmetik (1884) and the second volume of Grundgesetze der Arithmetik (1903)—G. Cantor, L. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  10
    Terms and Truth, Reference Direct and Anaphoric.Alan Berger - 2002 - Bradford.
    In this book, Alan Berger further develops the new theory of reference -- as formulated by Kripke and Putnam -- applying it in novel ways to many philosophical problems concerning reference and existence. Berger argues that his notion of anaphoric background condition and anaphoric links within a linguistic community are crucial not only to a theory of reference, but to the analysis of these problems as well. The book is organized in three parts. In part I, Berger distinguishes between (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  23. To Exist and to Count: A Note on the Minimalist View.Francesco Berto & Massimiliano Carrara - 2009 - Dialectica 63 (3):343-356.
    Sometimes mereologists have problems with counting. We often don't want to count the parts of maximally connected objects as full-fledged objects themselves, and we don't want to count discontinuous objects as parts of further, full-fledged objects. But whatever one takes "full-fledged object" to mean, the axioms and theorems of classical, extensional mereology commit us to the existence both of parts and of wholes – all on a par, included in the domain of quantification – and this (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  24.  9
    Composition as Identity, Universalism, and Generic Quantifiers.Edward Falls - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-15.
    Composition as Identity is, roughly, the thesis that the parts of a whole, taken collectively, are in some sense identical with the whole. Einar Duenger Bohn argues for Universalism from CAI. Universalism says that composition is totally unrestricted: wherever two or more objects occur, an instance of composition occurs, however unnatural or gerrymandered. Bohn’s argument relies on inferences with generic quantifiers, but he does not provide a clear account of generic quantification. My argument is that on the most (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  25.  27
    The Ingredients of Reciprocity in Cuzco Quechua.M. Faller - 2007 - Journal of Semantics 24 (3):255-288.
    In Cuzco Quechua, reciprocity is marked by means of two verbal suffixes, one of which is a marker of reflexivity, the other of which is a marker of pluractionality. The paper develops an analysis that composes reciprocity from these more basic notions. Two further ingredients that are needed will be argued to derive from independent principles: universal quantification over parts of the reciprocal plural agent derives from plural predication, as has been argued by other researchers for English reciprocity, (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  26. The Oxford Handbook of Information Structure.Caroline Féry & Shinichiro Ishihara (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This book provides linguists with a clear, critical, and comprehensive overview of theoretical and experimental work on information structure. Leading researchers survey the main theories of information structure in syntax, phonology, and semantics as well as perspectives from psycholinguistics and other relevant fields. Following the editors' introduction the book is divided into four parts. The first, on theories of and theoretical perspectives on information structure, includes chapters on topic, prosody, and implicature. Part 2 covers a range of current issues (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27.  26
    Far From Obvious: The Semantics of Locative Indefinites.Sela Mador-Haim & Yoad Winter - 2015 - Linguistics and Philosophy 38 (5):437-476.
    Simple locative sentences show a variety of pseudo-quantificational interpretations. Some locatives give the impression of universal quantification over parts of objects, others involve existential quantification, and yet others cannot be characterized by either of these quantificational terms. This behavior is explained by virtually all semantic theories of locatives. What has not been previously observed is that similar quantificational variability is also exhibited by locative sentences containing indefinites with the ‘a’ article. This phenomenon is especially problematic for traditional (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  28.  4
    To Exist and to Count: A Note on the Minimalist View.Massimiliano Carrara Francesco Berto - 2009 - Dialectica 63 (3):343-356.
    Sometimes mereologists have problems with counting. We often don't want to count the parts of maximally connected objects as full‐fledged objects themselves, and we don't want to count discontinuous objects as parts of further, full‐fledged objects. But whatever one takes “full‐fledged object” to mean, the axioms and theorems of classical, extensional mereology commit us to the existence both of parts and of wholes – all on a par, included in the domain of quantification – and this (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  29. Individuals Enough for Classes.Daniel Nolan - manuscript
    This paper builds on the system of David Lewis’s “Parts of Classes” to provide a foundation for mathematics that arguably requires not only no distinctively mathematical ideological commitments (in the sense of Quine), but also no distinctively mathematical ontological commitments. Provided only that there are enough individual atoms, the devices of plural quantification and mereology can be employed to simulate quantification over classes, while at the same time allowing all of the atoms (and most of their fusions (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  30.  83
    II—Hyperintensional Truth Conditions.Gary Kemp - 2014 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 88 (1):57-68.
    A response to certain parts of Rumfitt : I defend Davidson's project in semantics, suggest that Rumfitt's use of sentential quantification renders his definition of truth needlessly elaborate, and pose a question for Rumfitt's handling of the strengthened Liar.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  10
    Obstacles on the Path to Organismic Ethics:: Some Second Thoughts.Frederick Ferré - 1989 - Environmental Ethics 11 (3):231-241.
    An organismic viewpoint is a welcome alternative to modern mechanistic consciousness, with the latter’s excessive epistemic reliance on analysis, its ontological presumption of atomism, and its value commitments to competition, quantification, reduction, and predictability. These ideas have had negative social and environmental consequences and require replacement. Organismic ethics, grounded in the “wisdom of life”--especially the dialectical triad of creativity, homeostasis, and holism-is far healthier. But organicism alone has serious defects sometimes overlooked by environmental enthusiasts (earlier including this author): life’s (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  32.  5
    Das Wahrheitsproblem Und Die Idee der Semantik. [REVIEW]F. M. R. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (4):759-759.
    The second edition of this book on the problem of truth and the idea of semantics is an unchanged reprint of a volume originally published in 1957. While it is formally organized into twelve chapters, it effectively falls into three parts of which the first two primarily deal with the theories of A. Tarski and R. Carnap. Aside from a brief chapter on "Semantics, Quantification Theory and Metamathematics," the final part consists of a chapter, which the author entitles (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  18
    Can Sustainability Auditing Be Indigenized?John Reid & Matthew Rout - 2018 - Agriculture and Human Values 35 (2):283-294.
    Although there are different approaches to sustainability auditing, those considered authoritative use scientific indicators and instruments to measure and predict the impact of organizational operations on socio-ecological systems. Such approaches are biased because they can only measure phenomena whose features lend themselves to quantification, control, and observation directly with the instruments produced by technology. This technocratic bias is a product of the mechanistic worldview, which presumes that all components of socio-ecological systems are identifiable, discrete, and material. In contrast to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  64
    Review: Warren Goldfarb’s Deductive Logic. [REVIEW]Gillian Russell - 2005 - Australasian Journal of Logic 3:63-66.
    Deductive Logic is an introductory textbook in formal logic. The book is divided into four parts covering (i) truth-functional logic, (ii) monadic quantifi- cation, (iii) polyadic quantification and (iv) names and identity, and there are exercises for all these topics at the end of the book. In the truth-functional logic part, the reader learns to produce paraphrases of English statements and arguments in logical notation (this subsection is called “analysis”), then about the semantic properties of such paraphrased statements (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Subtle Truths. A Formal Investigation Into Deflationism and Conservativeness.Andrea Strollo - 2010 - Dissertation, University of Torino - Italy
    At the end of the nineties some authors (Leon Horsten, Stewart Shapiro and Jeffrey Ketland) worked out a fairly technical argument against deflationary theories of truth. In a nutshell, deflationism, it was argued, is committed to conservativeness by the the claim that truth is not a substantial notion, a conservative theory (under the light of certain logico-mathematical facts) can not be an adequate theory of truth, therefore deflationism is an inadequate theory of truth. Beside the apparent simplicity of this argument, (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36. Quantification.Anna Szabolcsi - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book surveys research in quantification starting with the foundational work in the 1970s. It paints a vivid picture of generalized quantifiers and Boolean semantics. It explains how the discovery of diverse scope behavior in the 1990s transformed the view of quantification, and how the study of the internal composition of quantifiers has become central in recent years. It presents different approaches to the same problems, and links modern logic and formal semantics to advances in generative syntax. A (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  37. Quantification in the Ontology Room.Bradley Rettler - 2019 - Dialectica 73 (4):563-585.
    There is a growing movement towards construing some classic debates in ontology as meaningless, either because the answers seem obvious or the debates seem intractable. In this paper, I respond to this movement. The response has three components: First, the members of the two sides of the ontological debates that dismissivists have targeted are using different quantifiers. Second, the austere ontologist is using a more fundamental quantifier than her opponent. Third, the austere ontologist’s more fundamental quantifier is a restriction of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  38. Plural Quantification and Classes.Gabriel Uzquiano - 2003 - Philosophia Mathematica 11 (1):67-81.
    When viewed as the most comprehensive theory of collections, set theory leaves no room for classes. But the vocabulary of classes, it is argued, provides us with compact and, sometimes, irreplaceable formulations of largecardinal hypotheses that are prominent in much very important and very interesting work in set theory. Fortunately, George Boolos has persuasively argued that plural quantification over the universe of all sets need not commit us to classes. This paper suggests that we retain the vocabulary of classes, (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  39. How Composites Could Have Been Indispensable.William Bynoe - manuscript
    Mereological Nihilism is the thesis that no material object has proper parts; every material object is a simple. Recent developments in plural semantics have made it possible to develop and motivate this position. In particular, some have argued that the tools of plural reference and quantification enable us to systematically paraphrase true statements apparently about composites into statements that only concern simples. Are composites really surplus to philosophical requirements? Given the resources of plural semantics, what must the world (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  16
    Two Kinds of Distributivity.Hanna de Vries - 2017 - Natural Language Semantics 25 (2):173-197.
    This paper argues that lexical and operator-based analyses of distributivity are not in conflict, but are both necessary components of any theory of distributivity that aims to account for all the relevant data. I use several contrasts between plural definites and group NPs to show that we need an operator-based analysis of distributivity; this kind of distributivity is available with plural definites but not with group subjects, which can be explained under the common assumption that group NPs denote atoms rather (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  2
    Obstacles on the Path to Organismic Ethics:: Some Second Thoughts.Frederick Ferré - 1989 - Environmental Ethics 11 (3):231-241.
    An organismic viewpoint is a welcome alternative to modern mechanistic consciousness, with the latter’s excessive epistemic reliance on analysis, its ontological presumption of atomism, and its value commitments to competition, quantification, reduction, and predictability. These ideas have had negative social and environmental consequences and require replacement. Organismic ethics, grounded in the “wisdom of life”--especially the dialectical triad of creativity, homeostasis, and holism-is far healthier. But organicism alone has serious defects sometimes overlooked by environmental enthusiasts : life’s creativity wastes individual (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. Concealed Questions.Ilaria Frana - 2017 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This book presents a novel analysis of concealed-question constructions, reports of a mental attitude in which part of a sentence looks like a nominal complement, but is interpreted as an indirect question. Such constructions are puzzling in that they raise the question of how their meaning derives from their constituent parts. In particular, how a nominal complement, normally used to refer to an entity ends up with a question-like meaning. In this book, Ilaria Frana adopts a theory according to (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  43. Teaching and Learning Guide For: Recent Work on Propositions.Peter Hanks - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (5):889-892.
    Some of the most interesting recent work in philosophy of language and metaphysics is focused on questions about propositions, the abstract, truth-bearing contents of sentences and beliefs. The aim of this guide is to give instructors and students a road map for some significant work on propositions since the mid-1990s. This work falls roughly into two areas: challenges to the existence of propositions and theories about the nature and structure of propositions. The former includes both a widely discussed puzzle about (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  43
    Stanley Peters and Dag Westerståhl: Quantifiers in Language and Logic: OUP, New York, 2006, 528 Pp. [REVIEW]Edward Keenan & Denis Paperno - 2010 - Linguistics and Philosophy 33 (6):513-549.
    Quantifiers in Language and Logic (QLL) is a major contribution to natural language semantics, specifically to quantification. It integrates the extensive recent work on quantifiers in logic and linguistics. It also presents new observations and results. QLL should help linguists understand the mathematical generalizations we can make about natural language quantification, and it should interest logicians by presenting an extensive array of quantifiers that lie beyond the pale of classical logic. Here we focus on those aspects of QLL (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  10
    Stanley Peters and Dag Westerståhl: Quantifiers in Language and Logic: OUP, New York, 2006, 528 Pp. [REVIEW]Edward L. Keenan & Denis Paperno - 2010 - Linguistics and Philosophy 33 (6):513 - 549.
    Quantifiers in Language and Logic (QLL) is a major contribution to natural language semantics, specifically to quantification. It integrates the extensive recent work on quantifiers in logic and linguistics. It also presents new observations and results. QLL should help linguists understand the mathematical generalizations we can make about natural language quantification, and it should interest logicians by presenting an extensive array of quantifiers that lie beyond the pale of classical logic. Here we focus on those aspects of QLL (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  24
    Expressivity of Imperfect Information Logics Without Identity.Antti Kuusisto - 2013 - Studia Logica 101 (2):237-265.
    In this article we investigate the family of independence-friendly (IF) logics in the equality-free setting, concentrating on questions related to expressive power. Various natural equality-free fragments of logics in this family translate into existential second-order logic with prenex quantification of function symbols only and with the first-order parts of formulae equality-free. We study this fragment of existential second-order logic. Our principal technical result is that over finite models with a vocabulary consisting of unary relation symbols only, this fragment (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Expansionism and Mereological Universalism.Giorgio Lando - 2020 - Theoria 86 (2):187-219.
    Mereological universalists, according to whom every plurality of entities has a fusion, usually claim that most quantifications are restricted to ordinary entities. However, there is no evidence that our usual quantifications over ordinary objects are restricted. In this article I explore an alternative way of reconciling Mereological Universalism with our usual quantifications. I resort to a modest form of ontological expansionism and to the so-called interpretational modalities. Quantifications over ordinary objects are the initial stages of the expansion. From these initial (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. Formal Languages and Intensional Semantics.Sten Carl Lindstrom - 1981 - Dissertation, Stanford University
    This is a thesis in formal semantics. It consists of two parts corresponding to the distinction, due to Richard Montague, between universal grammar and specific semantic theories. The first part concerns universal grammar and is intended to provide a precise and unified conceptual framework within which different theories of formal semantics can be represented and compared. ;The second part of the thesis is concerned with intensional logic, i.e., with the logical analysis of discourse involving so called oblique contexts. These (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  9
    Das Wahrheitsproblem Und Die Idee der Semantik.R. F. M. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (4):759-759.
    The second edition of this book on the problem of truth and the idea of semantics is an unchanged reprint of a volume originally published in 1957. While it is formally organized into twelve chapters, it effectively falls into three parts of which the first two primarily deal with the theories of A. Tarski and R. Carnap. Aside from a brief chapter on "Semantics, Quantification Theory and Metamathematics," the final part consists of a chapter, which the author entitles (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  17
    A Lot of Hatred and a Ton of Desire: Intensity in the Mereology of Mental States.Robert Pasternak - 2019 - Linguistics and Philosophy 42 (3):267-316.
    Certain measurement-related constructions impose a requirement that the measure function used track the part-whole structure of the domain of measurement, so that a given entity or eventuality must have a larger measurement in the chosen dimension than any of its salient proper parts. I provide evidence from English and Chinese that these constructions can be used to measure the intensity of mental states like hatred and love, indicating that in the natural language ontology of such states, intensity correlates with (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 992