Results for 'R. A. Gatter'

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  1.  24
    From Futility to Triage.R. A. Gatter & J. C. Moskop - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (2):191-205.
    Basic disagreements about what makes human life valuable hinder use of the concept of futility to decide whether it is appropriate to continue life support for one in a permanent state of unconsciousness, or to provide intensive medical care to one in the last stages of a terminal illness (the “paradigm cases”). Triage planning (the process of establishing criteria for health care prioritization) is an attractive alternative framework for addressing the paradigm cases. Triage planning permits society to see the cases (...)
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  2.  24
    Self-Regulation of Science: What Can We Still Learn From Asilomar?Carole R. Baskin, Robert A. Gatter, Mark J. Campbell, James M. Dubois & Allison C. Waits - 2016 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 59 (3):364-381.
    Ethical decision-making in public health rarely involves simply avoiding a bad choice in favor of a good choice. Instead, it requires policymakers to strike a balance among conflicting goals that are all good—goals such as the health of populations and individuals, knowledge gained through scientific research, autonomy, social justice, and the efficient use of limited resources. This balance can be elusive, and perfect examples are the legal instruments governing dual-use research, a term describing scientific endeavors meant to produce beneficial knowledge (...)
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  3.  30
    Moral Tales: R. A. Sharpe.R. A. Sharpe - 1992 - Philosophy 67 (260):155-168.
    In the 11th chapter of the second book of Samuel, we read how King David saw Bathsheba in the evening: ‘v.2. And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon.’.
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  4.  15
    Attempted Homicide: R. A. Duff.R. A. Duff - 1995 - Legal Theory 1 (2):149-178.
    Criminal attempts, it is often said, are crimes of intention. While many complete crimes can be committed recklessly, criminal attempts require “purposive conduct”; in attempts “the intent is the essence of the crime.” But what kind of intention is required; what must be intended, or purposed, by someone who is to be guilty of a criminal attempt?
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  5.  23
    R. A. BILLINGTON with the Collaboration of C. P. HILL, A. J. JOHNSTONE II, and C. F. MULLETT, "The Historian's Contribution to Anglo-American Misunderstanding. Report of a Committee on National Bias in Anglo-American History Textbooks". [REVIEW]T. H. von Laue, E. H. Dance, R. A. Billington, C. P. Hill, A. J. Johnstone Ii, C. L. Mowat & C. F. Mullett - 1967 - History and Theory 6 (2):219.
  6. Towards a Modest Legal Moralism.R. A. Duff - 2014 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 8 (1):217-235.
    After distinguishing different species of Legal Moralism I outline and defend a modest, positive Legal Moralism, according to which we have good reason to criminalize some type of conduct if it constitutes a public wrong. Some of the central elements of the argument will be: the need to remember that the criminal law is a political, not a moral practice, and therefore that in asking what kinds of conduct we have good reason to criminalize, we must begin not with the (...)
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  7.  15
    A Realist Theory of Science.R. A. Sharpe - 1976 - Philosophical Quarterly 26 (104):284-285.
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  8. Christian Faith and Greek Philosophy [by] A.H. Armstrong and R.A. Markus.A. H. Armstrong & R. A. Markus - 1960 - Darton, Longman & Todd.
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  9.  11
    The Greek and Latin Literary Texts From Greco-Roman Egypt. By R. A. Pack. Ann Arbor: Michigan University Press, 1952 . Pp. Ix + 105. 28s. [REVIEW]B. R. Rees & R. A. Pack - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:205-206.
  10.  16
    A Nonlow2 R. E. Degree with the Extension of Embeddings Properties of a Low2 Degree.Y. Yang & R. A. Shore - 2002 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 48 (1):131-146.
    We construct a nonlow2 r.e. degree d such that every positive extension of embeddings property that holds below every low2 degree holds below d. Indeed, we can also guarantee the converse so that there is a low r.e. degree c such that that the extension of embeddings properties true below c are exactly the ones true belowd.Moreover, we can also guarantee that no b ≤ d is the base of a nonsplitting pair.
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  11. An Accuracy‐Dominance Argument for Conditionalization.R. A. Briggs & Richard Pettigrew - 2020 - Noûs 54 (1):162-181.
  12. Punishment, Communication, and Community.R. A. Duff - 2001 - Oup Usa.
    Part of the Studies in Crime and Public Policy series, this book, written by one of the top philosophers of punishment, examines the main trends in penal theorizing over the past three decades. Duff asks what can justify criminal punishment, and then explores the legitimacy of actual practices by examining what would count as adequate justification for them. Duff argues that a "communicative conception of punishment," which he presents as a third way between consequentialist and retributive theories, offers the most (...)
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  13. MACMILLAN, R. A. C. - The Crowning Phase of the Critical Philosophy: A Study in Kant's Critique of Judgement. [REVIEW]R. F. A. Hoernlé - 1914 - Mind 23:597.
     
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  14.  16
    WHITE, A. R.: "Modal Thinking".R. A. Girle - 1978 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 56:72.
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  15.  13
    Congress. Bronze Age Migrations in the Aegean: Archaeological and Linguistic Problems in Greek Prehistory: Proceedings of the Ist International Colloquium on Aegean Prehistory. Ed. R. A. Crossland and A. Birchall. London: Duckworth. 1973. Pp. Xxvi + 361. Plates 34 . 35 Text Figs. 6 Maps . £12·50. [REVIEW]G. Huxley, Congress, R. A. Crossland & A. Birchall - 1975 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 95:256-257.
  16.  16
    M. R. Haight, "A Study of Self-Deception".D. W. R. A. Hamlyn - 1982 - Philosophical Quarterly 32 (127):184.
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  17.  8
    Cambridge Ancient History. Vol. 1, Ch. Xxvii. Immigrants From the North. By R. A. Crossland. Cambridge: The University Press. 1967. Pp. 61. 6s. [REVIEW]James Mellaart & R. A. Crossland - 1969 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 89:172-173.
  18.  59
    Moral Relativity.R. A. Duff - 1986 - Philosophical Quarterly 36 (142):99-101.
  19. Towards a Theory of Criminal Law?R. A. Duff - 2010 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 84 (1):1-28.
    After an initial discussion (§i) of what a theory of criminal law might amount to, I sketch (§ii) the proper aims of a liberal, republican criminal law, and discuss (§§iii–iv) two central features of such a criminal law: that it deals with public wrongs, and provides for those who perpetrate such wrongs to be called to public account. §v explains why a liberal republic should maintain such a system of criminal law, and §vi tackles the issue of criminalization—of how we (...)
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  20. R. A. Fisher, Lancelot Hogben, and the Origin of Genotype–Environment Interaction.James Tabery - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (4):717-761.
    This essay examines the origin of genotype-environment interaction, or G×E. "Origin" and not "the origin" because the thesis is that there were actually two distinct concepts of G×E at this beginning: a biometric concept, or \[G \times E_B\], and a developmental concept, or \[G \times E_D \]. R. A. Fisher, one of the founders of population genetics and the creator of the statistical analysis of variance, introduced the biometric concept as he attempted to resolve one of the main problems in (...)
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  21.  20
    A Modal Extension of Intuitionist Logic.R. A. Bull - 1965 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 6 (2):142-146.
  22. Augustine; a Collection of Critical Essays.R. A. Markus - 1972 - Garden City, N.Y., Anchor Books.
    Introduction, by R. A. Markus.--St. Augustine and Christian Platonism, by A. H. Armstrong.--Action and contemplation, by F. R. J. O'Connell.--St. Augustine on signs, by R. A. Markus.--The theory of signs in St. Augustine's De doctrina Christiana, by B. D. Jackson.--Si fallor, sum, by G. B. Matthews.--Augustine on speaking from memory, by G. B. Matthews.--The inner man, by G. B. Matthews.--On Augustine's concept of a person, by A. C. Lloyd.--Augustine on foreknowledge and free will, by W. L. Rowe.--Augustine on free will (...)
     
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  23.  63
    Obesity: Towards a System of Libertarian Paternalistic Public Health Interventions.R. A. Skipper - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (2):181-191.
    This article draws on scientific explanations of obesity to motivate the creation of a system of paternalistic public health interventions into the obesity epidemic. Libertarian paternalists argue that paternalism is warranted in light of the cognitive limits of human decision-making abilities. There are further, specific biological limits on our capacity to choose and maintain a healthy diet. These biological facts strengthen the general motivation for libertarian paternalism. As a consequence, the creation of a system of paternalistic public health interventions into (...)
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  24.  4
    A General Interpreted Modal Calculus.R. A. Bull - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):352-352.
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  25.  57
    Excuses, Moral and Legal: A Comment on Marcia Baron’s ‘Excuses, Excuses’.R. A. Duff - 2007 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 1 (1):49-55.
    Marcia Baron has offered an illuminating and fruitful discussion of extra-legal excuses. What is particularly useful, and particularly important, is her focus on our excusatory practices—on the ways and contexts in which we make, offer, accept, bestow and reject excuses: if we are to reach an adequate understanding of excuses, their implications and their grounds, we must attend to the roles that they can play in our human activities and relationships—and to the complexities and particularities of those roles. However, I (...)
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  26. ACT-R: A Higher-Level Account of Processing Capacity.John R. Anderson, Christian Lebiere, Marsha Lovett & Lynne Reder - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):831-832.
    We present an account of processing capacity in the ACT-R theory. At the symbolic level, the number of chunks in the current goal provides a measure of relational complexity. At the subsymbolic level, limits on spreading activation, measured by the attentional parameter W, provide a theory of processing capacity, which has been applied to performance, learning, and individual differences data.
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  27.  48
    Aristote: L'Éthique À Nicomaque.R. A. Gauthier & J. Y. Jolif - 1961 - Philosophical Quarterly 11 (45):366-372.
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  28. Punishment, Communication, and Community.R. A. Duff - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (211):310-313.
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  29. Blame, Moral Standing and the Legitimacy of the Criminal Trial.R. A. Duff - 2010 - Ratio 23 (2):123-140.
    I begin by discussing the ways in which a would-be blamer's own prior conduct towards the person he seeks to blame can undermine his standing to blame her. This provides the basis for an examination of a particular kind of 'bar to trial' in the criminal law – of ways in which a state or a polity's right to put a defendant on trial can be undermined by the prior misconduct of the state or its officials. The examination of this (...)
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  30.  50
    The Very Idea of a Folk Psychology.R. A. Sharpe - 1987 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 30 (December):381-93.
    Three arguments are proposed against the idea that ordinary talk about the mind constitutes a folk psychology, a sort of prescientific theory which explains human behaviour and which is ripe for replacement by a neurological or computational theory with better scientific credentials. First, not all talk of the mind is introduced to explain in the way assumed by those who think that mental talk hypothesizes inner processes to explain behaviour. Second, the individuation of the behaviour which is explained by the (...)
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  31.  12
    Trials and Punishments.R. A. Duff - 1986 - Cambridge University Press.
    How can a system of criminal punishment be justified? In particular can it be justified if the moral demand that we respect each other as autonomous moral agents is taken seriously? Traditional attempts to justify punishment as a deterrent or as retribution fail, but Duff suggests that punishment can be understood as a communicative attempt to bring a wrong-doer to repent her crime. This account is supported by discussions of moral blame, of penance, of the nature of the law's demands, (...)
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  32. Enthusiasm, A Chapter in the History of Religion.R. A. Knox - 1951 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 13 (1):138-139.
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  33.  28
    The Chronographia of Michael Psellus, Translated From the Greek by E. R. A. Sewter. With an Introduction by ProfessorJ. M. Hussey. Pp. Viii + 320. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1953. 30s. [REVIEW]R. J. H. Jenkins, Michael Psellus & E. R. A. Sewter - 1955 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 75:204-204.
  34. The Persistence of the R.A. Fisher-Sewall Wright Controversy.Robert A. Skipper - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (3):341-367.
    This paper considers recent heated debates led by Jerry A. Coyne andMichael J. Wade on issues stemming from the 1929–1962 R.A. Fisher-Sewall Wrightcontroversy in population genetics. William B. Provine once remarked that theFisher-Wright controversy is central, fundamental, and very influential.Indeed,it is also persistent. The argumentative structure of therecent (1997–2000) debates is analyzed with the aim of eliminating a logicalconflict in them, viz., that the two sides in the debates havedifferent aims and that, as such, they are talking past each other. (...)
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  35. Sentient Flesh: Thinking in Disorder, Poiesis in Black.R. A. Judy - 2020 - Duke University Press.
    In _Sentient Flesh _R. A. Judy takes up freedman Tom Windham’s 1937 remark “we should have our liberty 'cause... us is human flesh" as a point of departure for an extended meditation on questions of the human, epistemology, and the historical ways in which the black being is understood. Drawing on numerous fields, from literary theory and musicology, to political theory and phenomenology, as well as Greek and Arabic philosophy, Judy engages literary texts and performative practices such as music and (...)
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  36.  34
    Catalogue of the Terracottas in the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities, British Museum. Vol. I, Greek: 730–330 B.C. Text and Plates. By R. A. Higgins. Pp. Viii + 432, with 208 Plates. London: British Museum, 1954. £15 15s. [REVIEW]T. B. L. Webster & R. A. Higgins - 1955 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 75:184-184.
  37.  21
    A Manual of Intensional Logic.R. A. Bull & Johan van Benthem - 1989 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (4):1489.
  38.  25
    Does Christianity Make a Difference?R. A. McCormick - 1995 - Christian Bioethics 1 (1):97-101.
    The human person makes great demands on the physician and calls for unique attention. Hence the doctor-patient relationship calls for the highest ideals of kindness, patience, trustworthiness, generosity and skill. The Catholic physician brings to these demands a specific meaning: ministering to the sick is to see Christ in them and to show Him to them.
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  39.  13
    Socrates, Ironist and Moral Philosopher.R. A. McNeal - 1994 - History and Theory 33 (3):382.
  40. Alan R. White, Grounds of Liability: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Law Reviewed By.R. A. Duff - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6 (6):316-318.
     
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  41. BHASKAR, R. "A Realist Theory of Science". [REVIEW]R. Harré - 1976 - Mind 85:627.
     
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  42.  37
    Bioethics Consultation Practices and Procedures: A Survey of a Large Canadian Community of Practice.R. A. Greenberg, K. W. Anstey, R. Macri, A. Heesters, S. Bean & R. Zlotnik Shaul - 2014 - HEC Forum 26 (2):135-146.
    The literature fails to reflect general agreement over the nature of the services and procedures provided by bioethicists, and the training and core competencies this work requires. If bioethicists are to define their activities in a consistent way, it makes sense to look for common ground in shared communities of practice. We report results of a survey of the services and procedures among bioethicists affiliated with the University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics (JCB). This is the largest group of (...)
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  43.  34
    Theory of Games as a Tool for the Moral Philosopher. [REVIEW]R. A. A. - 1956 - Review of Metaphysics 9 (3):516-516.
    An extension of game theory to the two-person game involving collaboration. In a detailed discussion of a simple case, the author argues persuasively that his methods yield a strategy which is sensible, prudent and fair for both participants. One of the more interesting by-products is a method for comparing inter-personal preference scales, thus providing an answer to one of the standard objections to the Hedonistic calculus. Braithwaite's approach is novel, and should be of interest to game-theorists as well as philosophers.--A. (...)
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  44. A History of Color. The Evolution of Theories of Lights and Color. [REVIEW]R. A. Crone - 2002 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (2):327-328.
  45. Fittingness: A User’s Guide.Chris Howard & R. A. Rowland - forthcoming - In Chris Howard & R. A. Rowland (eds.), Fittingness. Oxford University Press.
    The chapter introduces and characterizes the notion of fittingness. It charts the history of the relation and its relevance to contemporary debates in normative and metanormative philosophy and proceeds to survey issues to do with fittingness covered in the volume’s chapters, including the nature and epistemology of fittingness, the relations between fittingness and reasons, the normativity of fittingness, fittingness and value theory, and the role of fittingness in theorizing about responsibility. The chapter concludes with a brief discussion of issues to (...)
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  46. DAVIES, R.-Descartes.R. A. Watson - 2003 - Philosophical Books 44 (2):163-163.
     
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  47.  98
    Iv-Answering for Crime.R. A. Duff - 2006 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (1):87-113.
    We can gain fresh insights into aspects of criminal liability by focusing first on the prior topic of criminal responsibility, and on the relational dimensions of responsibility: responsibility is responsibility for something, to someone. We are criminally responsible as citizens, to our fellow citizens, for committing 'public' wrongs: I discuss the difficulty of giving determinate content to this idea of public wrongs, and the way in which, whereas moral responsibility is typically strict, criminal responsibility is not. Finally, I explore the (...)
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  48.  6
    Modal Logic and Classical Logic.R. A. Bull - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (2):557-558.
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  49. WENLEY, R. M., Kant and His Philosophical Revolution. [REVIEW]R. A. C. Macmillan - 1911 - Mind 20:584.
  50.  25
    The Structure of a Moral Code. [REVIEW]R. A. A. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (4):722-722.
    This book consists of three parts: a general theory of descriptive ethics, a general theory of ethical discourse, and an application of II to the ethical discourse of the Navaho Indians, based on the writer's own field studies. The work is careful, clear, thorough, and detailed, and the inclusion of field notes is helpful in understanding and evaluating Ladd's reconstructions. There are questions of detail where one might cavil, but the book is an important contribution to the relatively unexplored area (...)
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