Results for 'R. A. Kearsley'

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  1. Global Health and Global Health Ethics.S. R. Benatar & Gillian Brock (eds.) - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Preface; Introduction; Part I. Global Health, Definitions and Descriptions: 1. What is global health? Solly Benatar and Ross Upshur; 2. The state of global health in a radically unequal world: patterns and prospects Ron Labonte and Ted Schrecker; 3. Addressing the societal determinants of health: the key global health ethics imperative of our times Anne-Emmanuelle Birn; 4. Gender and global health: inequality and differences Lesley Doyal and Sarah Payne; 5. Heath systems and health Martin McKee; Part (...)
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  2.  27
    Moral Tales: R. A. Sharpe.R. A. Sharpe - 1992 - Philosophy 67 (260):155-168.
    In the 11th chapter of the second book of Samuel, we read how King David saw Bathsheba in the evening: ‘v.2. And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon.’.
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  3.  10
    The Greek and Latin Literary Texts From Greco-Roman Egypt. By R. A. Pack. Ann Arbor: Michigan University Press, 1952 . Pp. Ix + 105. 28s. [REVIEW]B. R. Rees & R. A. Pack - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:205-206.
  4.  13
    Can a Human Rights Framework Improve Biomedical and Social Scientific HIV/AIDS Research for African Women?Kearsley A. Stewart - 2006 - Human Rights Review 7 (2):130-136.
    In most countries in Africa, the epidemiologic profile of HIV/AIDS is significantly different from that of the USA or Europe. Women in Africa are as likely to be HIV positive as men, while young women are significantly more likely to be HIV positive than young men. How can health research in Africa be made more responsive and relevant to women’s health needs? And how would a human rights perspective change the conduct of biomedical and social scientific research on gender and (...)
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  5.  12
    Teaching Corner: The Prospective Case Study: A Pedagogical Innovation for Teaching Global Health Ethics.Kearsley A. Stewart - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (1):57-61.
    Over the past decade, global health has emerged as one of the fastest growing academic programs in the United States. Ethics training is cited widely as an essential feature of U.S. global health programs, but generally it is not deeply integrated into the global health teaching and training curricula. A discussion about the pedagogy of teaching global health ethics is long overdue; to date, only a few papers specifically engage with pedagogy rather than competencies or content. This paper explores the (...)
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  6.  99
    R. A. Fisher, Lancelot Hogben, and the Origin of Genotype–Environment Interaction.James Tabery - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (4):717-761.
    This essay examines the origin of genotype-environment interaction, or G×E. "Origin" and not "the origin" because the thesis is that there were actually two distinct concepts of G×E at this beginning: a biometric concept, or \[G \times E_B\], and a developmental concept, or \[G \times E_D \]. R. A. Fisher, one of the founders of population genetics and the creator of the statistical analysis of variance, introduced the biometric concept as he attempted to resolve one of the main problems in (...)
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  7.  9
    Reciprocity in Quarantine: Observations From Wuhan’s COVID-19 Digital Landscapes.Yanping Ni, Morris Fabbri, Chi Zhang & Kearsley A. Stewart - 2020 - Asian Bioethics Review 12 (4):435-457.
    The 2003 SARS pandemic heralded the return of quarantine as a vital part of twenty-first century public health practice. Over the last two decades, MERS, Ebola, and other emerging infectious diseases each posed unique challenges for applying quarantine ethics lessons learned from the 2003 SARS-CoV-1 outbreak. In an increasingly interdependent and connected global world, the use of quarantine to contain the spread of SARS-CoV-2, or COVID-19, similarly poses new and unexpected ethical challenges. In this essay, we look beyond standard debates (...)
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  8.  20
    R. A. BILLINGTON with the Collaboration of C. P. HILL, A. J. JOHNSTONE II, and C. F. MULLETT, "The Historian's Contribution to Anglo-American Misunderstanding. Report of a Committee on National Bias in Anglo-American History Textbooks". [REVIEW]T. H. von Laue, E. H. Dance, R. A. Billington, C. P. Hill, A. J. Johnstone Ii, C. L. Mowat & C. F. Mullett - 1967 - History and Theory 6 (2):219.
  9.  13
    Attempted Homicide: R. A. Duff.R. A. Duff - 1995 - Legal Theory 1 (2):149-178.
    Criminal attempts, it is often said, are crimes of intention. While many complete crimes can be committed recklessly, criminal attempts require “purposive conduct”; in attempts “the intent is the essence of the crime.” But what kind of intention is required; what must be intended, or purposed, by someone who is to be guilty of a criminal attempt?
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  10.  57
    Moral Relativity.R. A. Duff - 1986 - Philosophical Quarterly 36 (142):99-101.
  11.  97
    ACT-R: A Higher-Level Account of Processing Capacity.John R. Anderson, Christian Lebiere, Marsha Lovett & Lynne Reder - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):831-832.
    We present an account of processing capacity in the ACT-R theory. At the symbolic level, the number of chunks in the current goal provides a measure of relational complexity. At the subsymbolic level, limits on spreading activation, measured by the attentional parameter W, provide a theory of processing capacity, which has been applied to performance, learning, and individual differences data.
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  12.  15
    ‘Workshops in Healing’ for Senior Medical Students: A 5-Year Overview and Appraisal.John H. Kearsley & Elizabeth A. Lobb - 2014 - Medical Humanities 40 (2):73-79.
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  13.  46
    The Very Idea of a Folk Psychology.R. A. Sharpe - 1987 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 30 (December):381-93.
    Three arguments are proposed against the idea that ordinary talk about the mind constitutes a folk psychology, a sort of prescientific theory which explains human behaviour and which is ripe for replacement by a neurological or computational theory with better scientific credentials. First, not all talk of the mind is introduced to explain in the way assumed by those who think that mental talk hypothesizes inner processes to explain behaviour. Second, the individuation of the behaviour which is explained by the (...)
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  14.  61
    Obesity: Towards a System of Libertarian Paternalistic Public Health Interventions.R. A. Skipper - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (2):181-191.
    This article draws on scientific explanations of obesity to motivate the creation of a system of paternalistic public health interventions into the obesity epidemic. Libertarian paternalists argue that paternalism is warranted in light of the cognitive limits of human decision-making abilities. There are further, specific biological limits on our capacity to choose and maintain a healthy diet. These biological facts strengthen the general motivation for libertarian paternalism. As a consequence, the creation of a system of paternalistic public health interventions into (...)
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  15. Towards a Modest Legal Moralism.R. A. Duff - 2014 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 8 (1):217-235.
    After distinguishing different species of Legal Moralism I outline and defend a modest, positive Legal Moralism, according to which we have good reason to criminalize some type of conduct if it constitutes a public wrong. Some of the central elements of the argument will be: the need to remember that the criminal law is a political, not a moral practice, and therefore that in asking what kinds of conduct we have good reason to criminalize, we must begin not with the (...)
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  16.  5
    Modal Logic and Classical Logic.R. A. Bull - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (2):557-558.
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  17.  33
    Sources of the Self.R. A. Sharpe - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (167):234.
    'Most of us are still groping for answers about what makes life worth living, or what confers meaning on individual lives', writes Charles Taylor in Sources of the Self. 'This is an essentially modern predicament.' Charles Taylor's latest book sets out to define the modern identity by tracing its genesis, analysing the writings of such thinkers as Augustine, Descartes, Montaigne, Luther, and many others. This then serves as a starting point for a renewed understanding of modernity. Taylor argues that modern (...)
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  18.  14
    A Realist Theory of Science.R. A. Sharpe - 1976 - Philosophical Quarterly 26 (104):284-285.
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  19. Punishment, Communication, and Community.R. A. Duff - 2001 - Oup Usa.
    Part of the Studies in Crime and Public Policy series, this book, written by one of the top philosophers of punishment, examines the main trends in penal theorizing over the past three decades. Duff asks what can justify criminal punishment, and then explores the legitimacy of actual practices by examining what would count as adequate justification for them. Duff argues that a "communicative conception of punishment," which he presents as a third way between consequentialist and retributive theories, offers the most (...)
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  20.  28
    [Book Review] Equality, Responsibility, and the Law. [REVIEW]R. A. Duff - 1999 - Ethics 111 (3):644-648.
    This book examines responsibility and luck as these issues arise in tort law, criminal law, and distributive justice. The central question is: whose bad luck is a particular piece of misfortune? Arthur Ripstein argues that there is a general set of principles to be found that clarifies responsibility in those cases where luck is most obviously an issue: accidents, mistakes, emergencies, and failed attempts at crime. In revealing how the problems that arise in tort and criminal law as well as (...)
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  21. The Persistence of the R.A. Fisher-Sewall Wright Controversy.Robert A. Skipper - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (3):341-367.
    This paper considers recent heated debates led by Jerry A. Coyne andMichael J. Wade on issues stemming from the 1929–1962 R.A. Fisher-Sewall Wrightcontroversy in population genetics. William B. Provine once remarked that theFisher-Wright controversy is central, fundamental, and very influential.Indeed,it is also persistent. The argumentative structure of therecent (1997–2000) debates is analyzed with the aim of eliminating a logicalconflict in them, viz., that the two sides in the debates havedifferent aims and that, as such, they are talking past each other. (...)
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  22. Saeculum History and Society in the Theology of St. Augustine.R. A. Markus - 1970
  23.  18
    Virtues and Vices.R. A. Duff - 1980 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (118):86-88.
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  24.  22
    Studies in Platonic Chronology.R. A. H. Waterfield & H. Thesleff - 1983 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 103:174-175.
  25.  91
    Unbeggable questions.R. A. Sorensen - 1996 - Analysis 56 (1):51-55.
    I can get away with it because no one is in a position to call me on it. Professor Robinson cannot consistently complain that (A) begs the question against his thesis that there is no such fallacy. He would discourage anyone from "helping" him by accusing me of committing the fallacy against him. With advocates like that, who needs adversaries? I. EMBEDDING PERSPECTIVES After all, Robinson has a viable reply to my argument. He should simply deny my premise. Later I (...)
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  26.  15
    Triumviral Politics, the Oath of 32 B.C. And the Veterans.Rosalinde Kearsley - 2013 - Classical Quarterly 63 (2):828-834.
    The compact formed between Antonius, Lepidus and Octavian near Bononia in November 43 b.c. , commonly named the second triumvirate, was characterized by civil conflict. The major battles at Philippi, Perusia and Naulochus led to the presence of many legions in Italy. In addition, a large number of time-served soldiers were settled throughout the peninsula. The requirement of land for the veterans meant conflicting interests arose with landowners who were dispossessed to make way for them. The impact of the army (...)
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  27. Blame, Moral Standing and the Legitimacy of the Criminal Trial.R. A. Duff - 2010 - Ratio 23 (2):123-140.
    I begin by discussing the ways in which a would-be blamer's own prior conduct towards the person he seeks to blame can undermine his standing to blame her. This provides the basis for an examination of a particular kind of 'bar to trial' in the criminal law – of ways in which a state or a polity's right to put a defendant on trial can be undermined by the prior misconduct of the state or its officials. The examination of this (...)
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  28.  60
    The Empiricist Theory of Artistic Value.R. A. Sharpe - 2000 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 58 (4):321-332.
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  29.  4
    Moral Dilemmas.R. A. Duff - 1989 - Philosophical Quarterly 39 (155):240-242.
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  30.  32
    Ethological Models and the Concept of 'Drive'.R. A. Hinde - 1956 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 6 (24):321-331.
  31.  26
    “What They Think of the Causes of So Much Suffering”: S. Weir Mitchell, John Kearsley Mitchell, and Ideas About Phantom Limb Pain in Late 19th C. America.Daniel Goldberg - 2016 - Spontaneous Generations 8 (1):27-54.
    This paper analyzes S. Weir Mitchell and his son John Kearsley Mitchell’s views on phantom limb pain in late 19th c. America. Drawing on a variety of primary sources including journal articles, letters, and treatises, the paper pioneers analysis of a cache of surveys sent out by the Mitchells that contain amputee Civil War veterans’ own narratives of phantom limb pain. The paper utilizes an approach drawn from the history of ideas, documenting how changing models of medicine and objectivity (...)
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  32. DAVIES, R.-Descartes.R. A. Watson - 2003 - Philosophical Books 44 (2):163-163.
     
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  33.  25
    Categorical Semantics for Higher Order Polymorphic Lambda Calculus.R. A. G. Seely - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (4):969-989.
    A categorical structure suitable for interpreting polymorphic lambda calculus (PLC) is defined, providing an algebraic semantics for PLC which is sound and complete. In fact, there is an equivalence between the theories and the categories. Also presented is a definitional extension of PLC including "subtypes", for example, equality subtypes, together with a construction providing models of the extended language, and a context for Girard's extension of the Dialectica interpretation.
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  34.  94
    Iv-Answering for Crime.R. A. Duff - 2006 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (1):87-113.
    We can gain fresh insights into aspects of criminal liability by focusing first on the prior topic of criminal responsibility, and on the relational dimensions of responsibility: responsibility is responsibility for something, to someone. We are criminally responsible as citizens, to our fellow citizens, for committing 'public' wrongs: I discuss the difficulty of giving determinate content to this idea of public wrongs, and the way in which, whereas moral responsibility is typically strict, criminal responsibility is not. Finally, I explore the (...)
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  35.  14
    A Nonlow2 R. E. Degree with the Extension of Embeddings Properties of a Low2 Degree.Y. Yang & R. A. Shore - 2002 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 48 (1):131-146.
    We construct a nonlow2 r.e. degree d such that every positive extension of embeddings property that holds below every low2 degree holds below d. Indeed, we can also guarantee the converse so that there is a low r.e. degree c such that that the extension of embeddings properties true below c are exactly the ones true belowd.Moreover, we can also guarantee that no b ≤ d is the base of a nonsplitting pair.
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  36. Towards a Theory of Criminal Law?R. A. Duff - 2010 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 84 (1):1-28.
    After an initial discussion (§i) of what a theory of criminal law might amount to, I sketch (§ii) the proper aims of a liberal, republican criminal law, and discuss (§§iii–iv) two central features of such a criminal law: that it deals with public wrongs, and provides for those who perpetrate such wrongs to be called to public account. §v explains why a liberal republic should maintain such a system of criminal law, and §vi tackles the issue of criminalization—of how we (...)
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  37.  20
    A History of Argos to 500 B.C. [REVIEW]R. A. Tomlinson & T. Kelly - 1978 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 98:194-194.
  38.  41
    R. A. Fisher and His Advocacy of Randomization.Nancy S. Hall - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 40 (2):295-325.
    The requirement of randomization in experimental design was first stated by R. A. Fisher, statistician and geneticist, in 1925 in his book Statistical Methods for Research Workers. Earlier designs were systematic and involved the judgment of the experimenter; this led to possible bias and inaccurate interpretation of the data. Fisher's dictum was that randomization eliminates bias and permits a valid test of significance. Randomization in experimenting had been used by Charles Sanders Peirce in 1885 but the practice was not continued. (...)
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  39.  19
    The Place of the Philebus in Plato's Dialogues1.R. A. H. Waterfield - 1980 - Phronesis 25 (3):270-305.
  40.  4
    A General Interpreted Modal Calculus.R. A. Bull - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):352-352.
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  41.  15
    Insight, A Study of Human Understanding.A. J. R. - 1958 - Review of Metaphysics 11 (3):516-516.
    Father Lonergan, Professor at the Gregorian University in Rome, writes from the conviction that by thoroughly understanding what it is to understand, one will understand the structure of all that is and can be understood. Focussing on insight, the very essence of understanding, Father Lonergan examines illustrations of insight in mathematics, science, common sense, etc., in order to bring the reader to an insight into insight. The sometimes annoyingly prolix discussion is intended to enable the reader to grasp within his (...)
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  42.  51
    Excuses, Moral and Legal: A Comment on Marcia Baron’s ‘Excuses, Excuses’.R. A. Duff - 2007 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 1 (1):49-55.
    Marcia Baron has offered an illuminating and fruitful discussion of extra-legal excuses. What is particularly useful, and particularly important, is her focus on our excusatory practices—on the ways and contexts in which we make, offer, accept, bestow and reject excuses: if we are to reach an adequate understanding of excuses, their implications and their grounds, we must attend to the roles that they can play in our human activities and relationships—and to the complexities and particularities of those roles. However, I (...)
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  43.  46
    Social Network Size in Humans.R. A. Hill & R. I. M. Dunbar - 2003 - Human Nature 14 (1):53-72.
    This paper examines social network size in contemporary Western society based on the exchange of Christmas cards. Maximum network size averaged 153.5 individuals, with a mean network size of 124.9 for those individuals explicitly contacted; these values are remarkably close to the group size of 150 predicted for humans on the basis of the size of their neocortex. Age, household type, and the relationship to the individual influence network structure, although the proportion of kin remained relatively constant at around 21%. (...)
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  44.  18
    A Modal Extension of Intuitionist Logic.R. A. Bull - 1965 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 6 (2):142-146.
  45.  7
    ${\Rm C}_1$ is Not Algebraizable.R. A. Lewin, I. F. Mikenberg & M. G. Schwarze - 1991 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 32 (4):609-611.
  46.  26
    Catalogue of the Terracottas in the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities, British Museum. Vol. I, Greek: 730–330 B.C. Text and Plates. By R. A. Higgins. Pp. Viii + 432, with 208 Plates. London: British Museum, 1954. £15 15s. [REVIEW]T. B. L. Webster & R. A. Higgins - 1955 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 75:184-184.
  47.  40
    Higher Education for Business.R. A. Gordon & J. E. Howell - 1960 - British Journal of Educational Studies 9 (1):91-91.
  48. Responsibility, Citizenship, and Criminal Law.R. A. Duff - 2011 - In Antony Duff & Stuart P. Green (eds.), Philosophical Foundations of Criminal Law. Oxford University Press. pp. 125--148.
  49.  59
    On Modal Logic with Propositional Quantifiers.R. A. Bull - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (2):257-263.
  50.  70
    An Approach to Tense Logic.R. A. Bull - 1970 - Theoria 36 (3):282-300.
    The author's motivation for constructing the calculi of this paper\nis so that time and tense can be "discussed together in the same\nlanguage" (p. 282). Two types of enriched propositional caluli for\ntense logic are considered, both containing ordinary propositional\nvariables for which any proposition may be substituted. One type\nalso contains "clock-propositional" variables, a,b,c, etc., for\nwhich only clock-propositional variables may be substituted and that\ncorrespond to instants or moments in the semantics. The other type\nalso contains "history-propositional" variables, u,v,w, etc., for\nwhich only history-propositional variables may (...)
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