Results for 'R. Alexander Schumacher'

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  1.  1
    Familiarity, Consistency, and Systematizing in Morphology.R. Alexander Schumacher & Janet B. Pierrehumbert - 2021 - Cognition 212:104512.
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  2.  7
    Briefwechsel Zwischen Alexander von Humboldt Und Heinrich Christian Schumacher by Kurt R. Biermann. [REVIEW]Frederick Gregory - 1981 - Isis 72:323-324.
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  3.  9
    Briefwechsel zwischen Alexander von Humboldt und Heinrich Christian Schumacher. Kurt R. Biermann.Frederick Gregory - 1981 - Isis 72 (2):323-324.
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  4.  39
    Mapping Collective Behavior in the Big-Data Era.R. Alexander Bentley, Michael J. O'Brien & William A. Brock - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (1):63-76.
    The behavioral sciences have flourished by studying how traditional and/or rational behavior has been governed throughout most of human history by relatively well-informed individual and social learning. In the online age, however, social phenomena can occur with unprecedented scale and unpredictability, and individuals have access to social connections never before possible. Similarly, behavioral scientists now have access to “big data” sets – those from Twitter and Facebook, for example – that did not exist a few years ago. Studies of human (...)
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  5.  9
    Denis R. Alexander and Ronald L. Numbers, Eds. Biology and Ideology From Descartes to Dawkins. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010. Pp. 453. $95.00 , $35.00. [REVIEW]James R. Hofmann - 2013 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 3 (1):175-179.
  6.  15
    Special Supplement: The Birth of Bioethics.Albert R. Jonsen, Shana Alexander, Judith P. Swazey, Warren T. Reich, Robert M. Veatch, Daniel Callahan, Tom L. Beauchamp, Stanley Hauerwas, K. Danner Clouser, David J. Rothman, Daniel M. Fox, Stanley J. Reiser & Arthur L. Caplan - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (6):S1.
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  7.  31
    The Ontological Argument and the Motivational Centres of Lives: ALEXANDER R. PRUSS.Alexander R. Pruss - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (2):233-249.
    Assuming S5, the main controversial premise in modal ontological arguments is the possibility premise, such as that possibly a maximally great being exists. I shall offer a new way of arguing that the possibility premise is probably true.
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  8.  41
    From Restricted to Full Omniscience: ALEXANDER R. PRUSS.Alexander R. Pruss - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (2):257-264.
    Some, notably Peter van Inwagen, in order to avoid problems with free will and omniscience, replace the condition that an omniscient being knows all true propositions with a version of the apparently weaker condition that an omniscient being knows all knowable true propositions. I shall show that the apparently weaker condition, when conjoined with uncontroversial claims and the logical closure of an omniscient being's knowledge, still yields the claim that an omniscient being knows all true propositions.
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  9.  28
    The Essential Divine-Perfection Objection to the Free-Will Defence: Alexander R. Pruss.Alexander R. Pruss - 2008 - Religious Studies 44 (4):433-444.
    The free-will defence holds that the value of significant free will is so great that God is justified in creating significantly free creatures even if there is a risk or certainty that these creatures will sin. A difficulty for the FWD, developed carefully by Quentin Smith, is that God is unable to do evil, and yet surely lacks no genuinely valuable kind of freedom. Smith argues that the kind of freedom that God has can be had by creatures, without a (...)
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  10. Dennis R. Alexander and Ronald L. Numbers : Biology and Ideology: From Descartes to Dawkins.Massimo Pigliucci - 2013 - Science & Education 22 (2):405-409.
    Science has always strived for objectivity, for a ‘‘view from nowhere’’ that is not marred by ideology or personal preferences. That is a lofty ideal toward which perhaps it makes sense to strive, but it is hardly the reality. This collection of thirteen essays assembled by Denis R. Alexander and Ronald L. Numbers ought to give much pause to scientists and the public at large, though historians, sociologists and philosophers of science will hardly be surprised by the material covered (...)
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  11. Saccadic Suppression of Motion of the Entire Visual Field.R. S. Allison, J. Schumacher & R. Herpers - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 146-146.
  12.  11
    AMIR R. ALEXANDER, Geometrical Landscapes: The Voyages of Discovery and the Transformation of Mathematical Practice. Writing Science. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002. Pp. Xvii+293. ISBN 0-80473-260-4. £46.95. [REVIEW]Jackie Stedall - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Science 38 (1):108-109.
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  13.  9
    Amir R. Alexander. Geometrical Landscapes: The Voyages of Discovery and the Transformation of Mathematical Practice. Xv + 293 Pp., Illus., Fig., Bibl., Index. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2002. $65. [REVIEW]Katherine Neal - 2003 - Isis 94 (3):525-526.
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  14.  6
    God and Man's Destiny. [REVIEW]R. S. & Hartley Burr Alexander - 1937 - Journal of Philosophy 34 (1):26.
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  15.  9
    Mapping Multiple Drivers of Human Obesity.R. Alexander Bentley & Michael J. O'Brien - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  16.  12
    More on Maps, Terrains, and Behaviors.R. Alexander Bentley, Michael J. O'Brien & William A. Brock - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (1):105-119.
    The behavioral sciences have flourished by studying how traditional and/or rational behavior has been governed throughout most of human history by relatively well-informed individual and social learning. In the online age, however, social phenomena can occur with unprecedented scale and unpredictability, and individuals have access to social connections never before possible. Similarly, behavioral scientists now have access to “big data” sets – those from Twitter and Facebook, for example – that did not exist a few years ago. Studies of human (...)
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  17.  18
    Quality Versus Mere Popularity: A Conceptual Map for Understanding Human Behavior.R. Alexander Bentley, Michael J. O’Brien & Paul Ormerod - 2011 - Mind and Society 10 (2):181-191.
    We propose using a bi-axial map as a heuristic for categorizing different dynamics involved in the relationship between quality and popularity. The east–west axis represents the degree to which an agent’s decision is influenced by those of other agents. This ranges from the extreme western edge, where an agent learns individually (no outside influence), to the extreme eastern edge, where an agent is influenced by a large number of other agents. The vertical axis represents how easy or difficult it is (...)
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  18.  17
    Social Complexity in Behavioral Models.R. Alexander Bentley - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):19-19.
    Although the beliefs, preferences, and constraints (BPC) model may account for individuals independently making simple decisions, it becomes less useful the more complex the social setting and the decisions themselves become. Perhaps rather than seek to unify their field under one model, behavioral scientists could explore when and why the BPC model generally applies versus fails to apply as a null hypothesis. (Published Online April 27 2007).
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  19.  3
    Alexander of Aphrodisias on Fate: Text, Translation and Commentary.Alexander Aphrodisiensis, Alexander of Aphrodisias, Alexander (of Aphrodisias.) & R. W. Sharples (eds.) - 1983 - Duckworth.
  20. Amygdala Volume and Nonverbal Social Impairment in Adolescent and Adult Males with Autism.Richard J. Davidson, Nacewicz, M. B., Dalton, M. K., Johnstone, T., Long, M., McAuliff, M. E., Oakes, R. T., Alexander & L. A. - manuscript
     
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  21.  7
    Infinity, Causation, and Paradox.Alexander R. Pruss - 2018 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Alexander R. Pruss examines a large family of paradoxes to do with infinity - ranging from deterministic supertasks to infinite lotteries and decision theory. Having identified their common structure, Pruss considers at length how these paradoxes can be resolved by embracing causal finitism.
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  22.  30
    Ideology and Science: D. R. Alexander and R. L. Numbers : Biology and Ideology: From Descartes to Dawkins. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2010, 453pp, £22.50 PB.David E. Packham - 2012 - Metascience 21 (1):171-174.
    Ideology and science Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9535-3 Authors David E. Packham, Materials Research Centre, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  23. The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Reassessment.Alexander R. Pruss - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason says that all contingent facts must have explanation. In this 2006 volume, which was the first on the topic in the English language in nearly half a century, Alexander Pruss examines the substantive philosophical issues raised by the Principle Reason. Discussing various forms of the PSR and selected historical episodes, from Parmenides, Leibnez, and Hume, Pruss defends the claim that every true contingent proposition must have an explanation against major objections, including Hume's imaginability argument (...)
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  24. One Body: An Essay in Christian Sexual Ethics.Alexander R. Pruss - 2012 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    This important philosophical reflection on love and sexuality from a broadly Christian perspective is aimed at philosophers, theologians, and educated Christian readers. Alexander R. Pruss focuses on foundational questions on the nature of romantic love and on controversial questions in sexual ethics on the basis of the fundamental idea that romantic love pursues union of two persons as one body. _One Body_ begins with an account, inspired by St. Thomas Aquinas, of the general nature of love as constituted by (...)
     
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  25.  14
    Necessary Existence.Alexander R. Pruss & Joshua L. Rasmussen - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Necessary Existence breaks ground on one of the deepest questions anyone ever asks: why is there anything? Pruss and Rasmussen present an original defence of the hypothesis that there is a necessarily existing being capable of providing an ultimate foundation for the existence of all things.
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  26.  52
    Alexander and the Greeks. By V. Ehrenberg; Translated by R. F. Von Velsen. Pp. V + 110. Oxford: Blackwell, 1938. 7s. 6d. [REVIEW]G. T. Griffith, V. Ehrenberg & R. F. von Velsen - 1939 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 59 (1):156-157.
  27. Infinitesimals Are Too Small for Countably Infinite Fair Lotteries.Alexander R. Pruss - 2014 - Synthese 191 (6):1051-1057.
    We show that infinitesimal probabilities are much too small for modeling the individual outcome of a countably infinite fair lottery.
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  28. Probability, Regularity, and Cardinality.Alexander R. Pruss - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (2):231-240.
  29. Might All Infinities Be the Same Size?Alexander R. Pruss - 2020 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 98 (3):604-617.
    Cantor proved that no set has a bijection between itself and its power set. This is widely taken to have shown that there infinitely many sizes of infinite sets. The argument depends on the princip...
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  30.  29
    The Interface Effect.Alexander R. Galloway - 2012 - Polity.
    Introduction : the computer as a mode of mediation -- The unworkable interface -- Software and ideology -- Are some things unrepresentable? -- Disingenuous informatics -- Postscript : we are the gold farmers.
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  31. Infinite Lotteries, Perfectly Thin Darts and Infinitesimals.Alexander R. Pruss - 2012 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):81-89.
    One of the problems that Bayesian regularity, the thesis that all contingent propositions should be given probabilities strictly between zero and one, faces is the possibility of random processes that randomly and uniformly choose a number between zero and one. According to classical probability theory, the probability that such a process picks a particular number in the range is zero, but of course any number in the range can indeed be picked. There is a solution to this particular problem on (...)
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  32. Incompatibilism Proved.Alexander R. Pruss - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (4):430-437.
    (2013). Incompatibilism proved. Canadian Journal of Philosophy. ???aop.label???
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  33.  9
    Rocking to the Beat: Effects of Music and Partner's Movements on Spontaneous Interpersonal Coordination.Alexander P. Demos, Roger Chaffin, Kristen T. Begosh, Jennifer R. Daniels & Kerry L. Marsh - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (1):49-53.
  34.  3
    Entrepreneurial Potential and Gender Effects: The Role of Personality Traits in University Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions.Alexander Ward, Brizeida R. Hernández-Sánchez & Jose C. Sánchez-García - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  35. Sincerely Asserting What You Do Not Believe.Alexander R. Pruss - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (3):541 - 546.
    I offer examples showing that, pace G. E. Moore, it is possible to assert ?Q and I don't believe that Q? sincerely, truly, and without any absurdity. The examples also refute the following principles: (a) justification to assert p entails justification to assert that one believes p (Gareth Evans); (b) the sincerity condition on assertion is that one believes what one says (John Searle); and (c) to assert (to someone) something that one believes to be false is to lie (Don (...)
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  36. How Not to Reconcile Evolution and Creation Alexander R. Pruss.Alexander Pruss - manuscript
    It is widely accepted that divine creation of human beings is compatible with evolutionary theory, except perhaps in regard of the human soul, and that neo-Darwinian evolutionary theory provides an explanation of speciation and of complex features of organisms that undercuts Paley-style teleological arguments, whether or not the evolutionary mechanisms are truly random or deterministic. I will argue that a plausible understanding of the doctrine of creation of human beings is either logically or rationally incompatible with full evolutionary theory, even (...)
     
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  37.  95
    Biology and Ideology From Descartes to Dawkins.Denis R. Alexander & Ronald L. Numbers (eds.) - 2010 - University of Chicago Press.
    Over the course of human history, the sciences, and biology in particular, have often been manipulated to cause immense human suffering. For example, biology has been used to justify eugenic programs, forced sterilization, human experimentation, and death camps—all in an attempt to support notions of racial superiority. By investigating the past, the contributors to _Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins_ hope to better prepare us to discern ideological abuse of science when it occurs in the future. Denis R. (...) and Ronald L. Numbers bring together fourteen experts to examine the varied ways science has been used and abused for nonscientific purposes from the fifteenth century to the present day. Featuring an essay on eugenics from Edward J. Larson and an examination of the progress of evolution by Michael J. Ruse, _Biology and Ideology_ examines uses both benign and sinister, ultimately reminding us that ideological extrapolation continues today. An accessible survey, this collection will enlighten historians of science, their students, practicing scientists, and anyone interested in the relationship between science and culture. (shrink)
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  38.  26
    Avoiding Dutch Books despite inconsistent credences.Alexander R. Pruss - 2021 - Synthese 198 (12):11265-11289.
    It is often loosely said that Ramsey The foundations of mathematics and other logical essays, Routledge and Kegan Paul, Abingdon, pp 156–198, 1931) and de Finetti Studies in subjective probability, Kreiger Publishing, Huntington, 1937) proved that if your credences are inconsistent, then you will be willing to accept a Dutch Book, a wager portfolio that is sure to result in a loss. Of course, their theorems are true, but the claim about acceptance of Dutch Books assumes a particular method of (...)
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  39.  42
    Underdetermination of Infinitesimal Probabilities.Alexander R. Pruss - 2018 - Synthese 198 (1):777-799.
    A number of philosophers have attempted to solve the problem of null-probability possible events in Bayesian epistemology by proposing that there are infinitesimal probabilities. Hájek and Easwaran have argued that because there is no way to specify a particular hyperreal extension of the real numbers, solutions to the regularity problem involving infinitesimals, or at least hyperreal infinitesimals, involve an unsatisfactory ineffability or arbitrariness. The arguments depend on the alleged impossibility of picking out a particular hyperreal extension of the real numbers (...)
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  40.  16
    Non-classical probabilities invariant under symmetries.Alexander R. Pruss - forthcoming - Synthese:1-26.
    Classical real-valued probabilities come at a philosophical cost: in many infinite situations, they assign the same probability value—namely, zero—to cases that are impossible as well as to cases that are possible. There are three non-classical approaches to probability that can avoid this drawback: full conditional probabilities, qualitative probabilities and hyperreal probabilities. These approaches have been criticized for failing to preserve intuitive symmetries that can be preserved by the classical probability framework, but there has not been a systematic study of the (...)
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  41. A Counterexample to Plantinga’s Free Will Defense.Alexander R. Pruss - 2012 - Faith and Philosophy 29 (4):400-415.
    Plantinga’s Free Will Defense is an argument that, possibly, God cannot actualize a world containing significant creaturely free will and no wrongdoings. I will argue that if standard Molinism is true, there is a pair of worlds w1 and w2 each of which contains a significantly free creature who never chooses wrongly, and that are such that, necessarily, at least one of these worlds is a world that God can actualize.
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  42. I Was Once a Fetus: That is Why Abortion is Wrong.Alexander R. Pruss - unknown
     
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  43. Another Step in Divine Command Dialectics.Alexander R. Pruss - 2009 - Faith and Philosophy 26 (4):432-439.
    Consider the following three-step dialectics. (1) Even if God (consistently) commanded torture of the innocent, it would still be wrong. Therefore Divine Command Metaethics (DCM) is false. (2) No: for it is impossible for God to command torture of the innocent. (3) Even if it is impossible, there is a non-trivially true per impossibile counterfactual that even if God (consistently) com­manded torture of the innocent, it would still be wrong, and this counterfac­tual is incompatible with DCM. I shall argue that (...)
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  44. The Accomplishment of Plans: A New Version of the Principle of Double Effect.Alexander R. Pruss - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 165 (1):49-69.
    The classical principle of double effect offers permissibility conditions for actions foreseen to lead to evil outcomes. I shall argue that certain kinds of closeness cases, as well as general heuristic considerations about the order of explanation, lead us to replace the intensional concept of intention with the extensional concept of accomplishment in double effect.
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  45.  72
    The Actual and the Possible.Alexander R. Pruss - 2002 - In Richard M. Gale (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Metaphysics. Blackwell. pp. 317--33.
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  46. Possibility is Not Consistency.Alexander R. Pruss - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (9):2341-2348.
    We shall use Gödel’s Second Incompleteness Theorem to show that consistency is not possibility, and then argue that the argument does serious damage to some theories of modality where consistency plays a major but not exclusive role.
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  47.  1
    Widening Global Access – the Need for a Paradigm Shift From Excellence to Responsibility in International Higher Education.Alexander Lenger, Christian Schneickert & Florian Schumacher - 2011 - International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 5 (4):354.
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  48. The Eucharist : Real Presence and Real Absence.Alexander R. Pruss - 2008 - In Thomas P. Flint & Michael C. Rea (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology. Oxford University Press.
    This article focuses on the question of whether the doctrine of the real presence of Christ's body and blood, and likewise the doctrine of the real absence of bread and wine, can be defended philosophically. It argues for an affirmative answer, and does so by considering a variety of metaphysical models, including that of Aquinas. It will appear, thus, that transubstantiation is a philosophical possibility. If it is possible for two substances to be in the same place at the same (...)
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  49. The Ontological Argument and the Motivational Centres of Lives.Alexander R. Pruss - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (2):233-249.
    Assuming S₅, the main controversial premise in modal ontological arguments is the possibility premise, such as that possibly a maximally great being exists. I shall offer a new way of arguing that the possibility premise is probably true.
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  50. Agodelian Ontological Argument Improved Even More.Alexander R. Pruss - 2012 - In Miroslaw Szatkowski (ed.), Ontological Proofs Today. Ontos Verlag. pp. 50--203.
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