26 found
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  1. The Concepts of Obligation and Duty.R. B. Brandt - 1964 - Mind 73 (291):374-393.
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  2. Fairness to Indirect Optimific Theories in Ethics.R. B. Brandt - 1988 - Ethics 98 (2):341-360.
  3. Utilitarianism and the Rules of War.R. B. Brandt - 1972 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 1 (2):145-165.
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  4. Blameworthiness and Obligation.R. B. Brandt - 1958 - In A. I. Melden (ed.), Essays in Moral Philosophy. University of Washington Press.
     
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  5.  21
    The Structure of Virtue.R. B. Brandt - 1988 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 13 (1):64-82.
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  6.  62
    Fairness To Happiness.R. B. Brandt - 1989 - Social Theory and Practice 15 (1):33-58.
  7.  73
    The Science of Man and Wide Reflective Equilibrium.R. B. Brandt - 1990 - Ethics 100 (2):259-278.
  8. Utilitarianism and Moral Rights.R. B. Brandt - 1984 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):1 - 19.
    Virtually all philosophers now agree that human beings - and possibly the higher animals - have moral rights in some sense, both special rights against individuals to whom they stand in a special relation, and general rights, against everybody or against the government, just in virtue of their human nature. Some philosophers also think, however, that anyone who is a utilitarian ought not to share this view: there is a fundamental incompatibility between utilitarinism and human rights. Most utilitarians, of course, (...)
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  9.  28
    Rational Desires.R. B. Brandt - 1969 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 43:43 - 64.
  10.  44
    The Concept of Rational Action.R. B. Brandt - 1983 - Social Theory and Practice 9 (2/3):143-164.
  11.  77
    Relativism Refuted?R. B. Brandt - 1984 - The Monist 67 (3):297-307.
    Many social scientists and philosophers have counted themselves moral relativists in some sense or other. We cannot deal with all the various views which are properly called forms of “moral relativism”; so I propose to explain a form of moral relativism which seems to me an interesting, and somewhat plausible theory. This theory comprises the following three affirmations: The basic moral principles of different individuals or groups sometimes are, or can be, in some important sense conflicting. When there is such (...)
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  12.  27
    Morality and Its Critics.R. B. Brandt - 1989 - American Philosophical Quarterly 26 (2):89 - 100.
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  13.  64
    Overvold on Self-Interest and Self-Sacrifice.R. B. Brandt - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Research 16:353-363.
    In order to explain the idea that sacrifice involves voluntary diminution of the agent’s well-being, “well-being” must be explained. The thesis that an agent’s well-being just consists in the occurrence of events wanted is rejected. Overvold replaces it by the view that the motivating desires involve the existence of the agent, alive, at the time of their satisfaction. This view seems counterintuitive. The whole desire-satisfaction theory is to be rejected partly because we dont’t think an event worthwile if it is (...)
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  14.  8
    Overvold on Self-Interest and Self-Sacrifice.R. B. Brandt - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Research 16:353-363.
    In order to explain the idea that sacrifice involves voluntary diminution of the agent’s well-being, “well-being” must be explained. The thesis that an agent’s well-being just consists in the occurrence of events wanted is rejected. Overvold replaces it by the view that the motivating desires involve the existence of the agent, alive, at the time of their satisfaction. This view seems counterintuitive. The whole desire-satisfaction theory is to be rejected partly because we dont’t think an event worthwile if it is (...)
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  15.  79
    The Morality of Abortion.R. B. Brandt - 1972 - The Monist 56 (4):503-526.
    The term “abortion” is conveniently used, for my present discussion, to refer to deliberate removal of a fetus from the womb of a human female, at the request or through the agency of the mother, so as in fact to result in the death of the fetus but with insignificantly small risk to the life or health of the mother. The question I want to raise is roughly whether abortion in that sense is morally wrong. I am not raising the (...)
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  16.  33
    Roderick Firth's Contribution to Ethics.R. B. Brandt - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (1):137-142.
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  17.  21
    Hare on Abortion.R. B. Brandt - 1989 - Social Theory and Practice 15 (1):15-24.
  18.  24
    The Future of Ethics.R. B. Brandt - 1981 - Noûs 15 (1):31-40.
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  19.  7
    Roderick Firth's Contribution to Ethics.R. B. Brandt - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (1):137-142.
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  20. Conscience (Rule) Utilitarianism and the Criminal Law.R. B. Brandt - 1995 - Law and Philosophy 14 (1):65 - 89.
    A rule- utilitarian appraisal of criminal law requires that the total system, including punishments, is justified only if it will expectably maximize public benefit, including its stigmatizing some behaviors as "offenses" and its prescribed punishment of these, such as imprisonment, with (possible) deterrent effects. In view of the paucity of evidence about the deterrent effect of prison sentences, some changes seem to be in order: reduction in the length of incarceration, replacement of prison by fines or restrictions on the convicted (...)
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  21.  36
    W. K. Frankena and Ethics of Virtue.R. B. Brandt - 1981 - The Monist 64 (3):271-292.
    William Frankena has several times discussed, in his usual cautious and judicious manner, a contrast between two types of normative ethics: an ethics of “duty” and an ethics of “virtue.” Without claiming that actual philosophers have been pure exemplars of either type, he has tried to give a clear statement of these two possible and contrasting types of theory, and to expose their problems. His final view seems to be that a complete normative theory will combine elements of both, but (...)
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  22.  25
    Comments on Professor Card's Critique.R. B. Brandt - 1984 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):31 - 37.
    Professor Card is not disposed to object to the main argument of my paper, which was intended to reply to Professor Lyons’ suggestion that a utilitarian cannot explain how legal rights have moral force, and at the same time to urge that the particular form of utilitarianism espoused by Professor Hare in his recent work does seem to be open to the difficulty Professor Lyons alleges. Professor Card says she is ‘not dissatisfied’ with this reasoning. I suspect that Card views (...)
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  23.  30
    Practical Rationality: A Response.R. B. Brandt - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (1):125-130.
  24.  36
    Is Ethics a Science?R. B. Brandt - 1980 - Zygon 15 (1):21-28.
  25.  3
    The Concept of Welfare.R. B. Brandt - 1966 - In S. R. Krupp (ed.), The Structure of Economic Science: Essays on Methodology. pp. 257-76.
    One area in which the moral philosopher might say something useful for the thinking of economists is that of welfare economics – not by improving formalizations or criticizing proofs as to conditions necessary or sufficient for an optimum situation, much less by suggesting what particular state of society would be optimal. Rather, he can do this by pointing out some distinctions, by suggesting how some terms used by economists can profitably be defined, and by questioning some assumptions which seem to (...)
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  26.  74
    The Insanity Defense and the Theory of Motivation.R. B. Brandt - 1988 - Law and Philosophy 7 (2):123 - 146.