Results for 'R. Casagrandi P. Melia'

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  1. Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience.M. R. Bennett & P. M. S. Hacker - 2003 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Writing from a scientifically and philosophically informed perspective, the authors provide a critical overview of the conceptual difficulties encountered in many current neuroscientific and psychological theories.
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  2. Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience.M. R. Bennett & P. M. S. Hacker - 2003 - Wiley-Blackwell.
  3. Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience.Max R. Bennett & P. M. S. Hacker - 2006 - Behavior and Philosophy 34:71-87.
    The book "Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience" is an engaging criticism of cognitive neuroscience from the perspective of a Wittgensteinian philosophy of ordinary language. The authors' main claim is that assertions like "the brain sees" and "the left hemisphere thinks" are integral to cognitive neuroscience but that they are meaningless because they commit the mereological fallacy—ascribing to parts of humans, properties that make sense to predicate only of whole humans. The authors claim that this fallacy is at the heart of Cartesian (...)
     
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  4.  40
    The Explanation of Social Behaviour.Alan Ryan, R. Harre & P. F. Secord - 1973 - Philosophical Quarterly 23 (93):374.
  5. The Misuse of Sober's Selection for/Selection of Distinction.R. Goode & P. E. Griffiths - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (1):99-108.
    Elliott Sober''s selection for/selection of distinction has been widely used to clarify the idea that some properties of organisms are side-effects of selection processes. It has also been used, however, to choose between different descriptions of an evolutionary product when assigning biological functions to that product. We suggest that there is a characteristic error in these uses of the distinction. Complementary descriptions of function are misrepresented as mutually excluding one another. This error arises from a failure to appreciate that selection (...)
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  6.  15
    Responsibilities in International Research: A New Look Revisited.S. R. Benatar & P. A. Singer - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (4):194-197.
    Following promulgation of the Nuremberg code in 1947, the ethics of research on human subjects has been a challenging and often contentious topic of debate. Escalation in the use of research participants in low-income countries over recent decades , has intensified the debate on the ethics of international research and led to increasing attention both to exploitation of vulnerable subjects and to considerations of how the 10:90 gap in health and medical research could be narrowed. In 2000, prompted by the (...)
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  7.  11
    The Logic of Education.Z. R. Prvulovich, P. H. Hirst & R. S. Peters - 1972 - Philosophical Quarterly 22 (87):188.
  8.  11
    Coding the Universe.A. Beller, R. Jensen & P. Welch - 1982 - Cambridge University Press.
  9.  21
    Empirical Examination of the Ability of Children to Consent to Clinical Research.N. Ondrusek, R. Abramovitch, P. Pencharz & G. Koren - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (3):158-165.
    This study examined the quality of children's assent to a clinical trial. In subjects younger than 9 years of age, understanding of most aspects of the study was found to be poor to non-existent. Understanding of procedures was poor in almost all subjects. In addition, voluntariness may have been compromised in many subjects by their belief that failure to complete the study would displease others. If the fact that a child's assent has been obtained is used to justify the exposure (...)
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  10.  36
    Mechanisms of Unconscious Priming: Response Competition, Not Spreading Activation.M. R. Klinger, P. Burton & G. Pitts - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 26 (2):441-455.
  11.  21
    What is Quantum Mechanics? A Minimal Formulation.R. Friedberg & P. C. Hohenberg - 2018 - Foundations of Physics 48 (3):295-332.
    This paper presents a minimal formulation of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics, by which is meant a formulation which describes the theory in a succinct, self-contained, clear, unambiguous and of course correct manner. The bulk of the presentation is the so-called “microscopic theory”, applicable to any closed system S of arbitrary size N, using concepts referring to S alone, without resort to external apparatus or external agents. An example of a similar minimal microscopic theory is the standard formulation of classical mechanics, which (...)
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  12.  31
    In Quest of Justice? Clinical Prioritisation in Healthcare for the Aged.R. Pedersen, P. Nortvedt, M. Nordhaug, A. Slettebo, K. H. Grothe, M. Kirkevold, B. S. Brinchmann & B. Andersen - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):230-235.
    Background: A fair distribution of healthcare services for older patients is an important challenge, but qualitative research exploring clinicians’ consideration in daily clinical prioritisation in healthcare services for the aged is scarce.Objectives: To explore what kind of criteria, values, and other relevant considerations are important in clinical prioritisations in healthcare services for older patients.Design: A semi-structured interview-guide was used to interview 45 clinicians working with older patients. The interviews were analysed qualitatively using hermeneutical content analysis and template organising style.Participants: 20 (...)
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  13.  45
    The preservation of coherence.R. E. Jennings & P. K. Schotch - 1984 - Studia Logica 43:89.
    It is argued that the preservation of truth by an inference relation is of little interest when premiss sets are contradictory. The notion of a level of coherence is introduced and the utility of modal logics in the semantic representation of sets of higher coherence levels is noted. It is shown that this representative role cannot be transferred to first order logic via frame theory since the modal formulae expressing coherence level restrictions are not first order definable. Finally, an inference (...)
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  14.  13
    The Effect of Stacking Fault Energy on Low Temperature Creep in Pure Metals.P. R. Thornton & P. B. Hirsch - 1958 - Philosophical Magazine 3 (31):738-761.
  15.  92
    Clinical Ethics: Autonomy at the End of Life: Life-Prolonging Treatment in Nursing Homes—Relatives’ Role in the Decision-Making Process.A. Dreyer, R. Forde & P. Nortvedt - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (11):672-677.
    Background: The increasing number of elderly people in nursing homes with failing competence to give consent represents a great challenge to healthcare staff’s protection of patient autonomy in the issues of life-prolonging treatment, hydration, nutrition and hospitalisation. The lack of national guidelines and internal routines can threaten the protection of patient autonomy. Objectives: To place focus on protecting patient autonomy in the decision-making process by studying how relatives experience their role as substitute decision-makers. Design: A qualitative descriptive design with analysis (...)
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  16.  48
    Voting with Your Feet: Payoff Biased Migration and the Evolution of Group Beneficial Behavior.R. Boyd & P. J. Richerson - unknown
    Human migration is nonrandom. In small scale societies of the past, and in the modern world, people tend to move to wealthier, safer, and more just societies from poorer, more violent, less just societies. If immigrants are assimilated, such nonrandom migration can increase the occurrence of culturally transmitted beliefs, values, and institutions that cause societies to be attractive to immigrants. Here we describe and analyze a simple model of this process. This model suggests that long run outcomes depend on the (...)
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  17.  31
    Life-Prolonging Treatment in Nursing Homes: How Do Physicians and Nurses Describe and Justify Their Own Practice?A. Dreyer, R. Forde & P. Nortvedt - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (7):396-400.
    Background Making the right decisions, while simultaneously showing respect for patient autonomy, represents a great challenge to nursing home staff in the issues of life-prolonging treatment, hydration, nutrition and hospitalisation to dying patents in end-of-life. Objectives To study how physicians and nurses protect nursing home patients' autonomy in end-of-life decisions, and how they justify their practice. Design A qualitative descriptive design with analysis of the content of transcribed in-depth interviews with physicians and nurses. Participants Nine physicians and ten nurses in (...)
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  18.  25
    The Emergence of Consciousness.P. R. Zelazo & P. D. Zelazo - 1998 - In H. Jasper, L. Descarries, V. Castellucci & S. Rossignol (eds.), Consciousness: At the Frontiers of Neuroscience. Lippincott-Raven.
  19.  37
    The Philosophy of J. S. Mill.R. P. Anschutz - 1953 - Greenwood Press.
  20.  36
    Family Involvement in the End-of-Life Decisions of Competent Intensive Care Patients.R. Lind, P. Nortvedt, G. Lorem & O. Hevroy - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (1):0969733012448969.
    In this article, we report the findings from a qualitative study that explored how relatives of terminally ill, alert and competent intensive care patients perceived their involvement in the end-of-life decision-making process. Eleven family members of six deceased patients were interviewed. Our findings reveal that relatives narrate about a strong intertwinement with the patient. They experienced the patients’ personal individuality as a fragile achievement. Therefore, they viewed their presence as crucial with their primary role to support and protect the patient, (...)
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  21. Representation in Chemistry.R. Hoffmann & P. Laszlo - 1989 - Diogenes 37 (147):23-51.
  22.  24
    The Principle of Justice in Patient Priorities in the Intensive Care Unit: The Role of Significant Others.K. Halvorsen, R. Forde & P. Nortvedt - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (8):483-487.
    Background: Theoretically, the principle of justice is strong in healthcare priorities both nationally and internationally. Research, however, has indicated that questions can be raised as to how this principle is dealt with in clinical intensive care. Objective: The objective of this article is to examine how significant others may affect the principle of justice in the medical treatment and nursing care of intensive care patients. Method: Field observations and in-depth interviews with physicians and nurses in intensive care units (ICU). Emphasis (...)
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  23.  8
    Nucleation of Surface Pits by the Condensation of Vacancies.J. R. Jasperse & P. E. Doherty - 1964 - Philosophical Magazine 9 (100):635-644.
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  24. Review of M. R. Bennett & P. M. S. Hacker, Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience. [REVIEW]Joel Smith - 2005 - Mind 114 (454):391-394.
    In this long and detailed book Bennett and Hacker set themselves two ambitious tasks. The first is to offer a philosophical critique of, what they argue are, philosophical confusions within contemporary cognitive neuroscience. The second is to present a ‘conceptual reference work for cognitive neuroscientists who wish to check the contour lines of the psychological concept relevant to their investigation’ (p.7). In the process they cover an astonishing amount of material. The first two chapters present a critical history of neuroscience (...)
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  25.  40
    Culture and the Evolution of the Human Social Instincts.R. Boyd & P. J. Richerson - unknown
    Human societies are extraordinarily cooperative compared to those of most other animals. In the vast majority of species, individuals live solitary lives, meeting to only to mate and, sometimes, raise their young. In social species, cooperation is limited to relatives and (maybe) small groups of reciprocators. After a brief period of maternal support, individuals acquire virtually all of the food that they eat. There is little division of labor, no trade, and no large scale conflict. Communication is limited to a (...)
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  26.  9
    Personality Assessment: A Critical Survey.R. R. Dale & P. E. Vernon - 1964 - British Journal of Educational Studies 13 (1):113.
  27.  8
    Cross-Slip of Orowan Loops at Incoherent Particles.S. R. Macewen, P. B. Hirsch & V. Vitek - 1973 - Philosophical Magazine 28 (3):703-723.
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  28.  6
    Electron Microscope Image Profiles of Planar Defects in Crystals.G. R. Booker & P. M. Hazzledine - 1967 - Philosophical Magazine 15 (135):523-527.
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  29.  18
    Protestant Thought in the Nineteenth Century. [REVIEW]L. P. R. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (1):165-165.
    This survey of the history of Protestant thought in the nineteenth century is founded upon two major methodological principles. The first is the hard-nosed avoidance of the national history approach. In spite of the continuity in certain nations of specific theological traditions there is another sense in which the varying efforts of Protest theology struggled to answer the same questions. Welch chose to ignore, as far as possible, national boundaries and concentrate on what can usefully be called the "Victorian era" (...)
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  30.  19
    The Fiery Brook, Selected Writings. [REVIEW]L. P. R. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (2):383-383.
    The volume contains new translations of the introduction and preface to the second edition of The Essence of Christianity and Principles of the Philosophy of the Future. This comprises about one-half of the book. The remainder is Hanfi’s fifty-page introduction and translations of "Towards a Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy," "The Beginning of Philosophy," "The Necessity of a Reform of Philosophy," "Preliminary Theses on the Reform of Philosophy," and "Fragments Concerning the Characteristics of My Philosophical Development." The translations are quite readable. (...)
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  31.  3
    Oxidation, Defects and Vacancy Diffusion in Silicon.I. R. Sanders & P. S. Dobson - 1969 - Philosophical Magazine 20 (167):881-893.
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  32.  10
    The Effect of Weak Bragg Reflected Beams on the Absorption of Electrons.C. R. Hall & P. B. Hirsch - 1965 - Philosophical Magazine 12 (117):539-545.
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  33.  37
    Hegel. [REVIEW]L. P. R. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (2):410-410.
    Professor Plant has presented a briefer treatment of Hegel’s philosophical development than did H. S. Harris in Towards the Sunlight, and a considerably more historical, epistemological and metaphysical treatment than is presented in Pelcynski’s Hegel; Political Philosophy and not so exhaustive an account of the political and social philosophy as appears in Avineri’s Hegel’s Philosophy of the Modern State. These four books taken together testify to the importance of Hegel on the contemporary philosophic scene. Plant’s volume is perhaps the best (...)
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  34.  22
    In the Twilight of Christendom, Hegel Vs. Kierkegaard on Faith and History. [REVIEW]L. P. R. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (1):122-122.
    Professor Crites comes to his task with deep personal sympathy for and philosophic commitment to each of the protagonists in his volume. The subject of Crites’ work is not the tension of faith and history with which we are familiar in the works of Strauss, Baur, Feuerbach, Renan, and M. Arnold, but rather the tension of Christianity and culture. Crites chooses for his departure the notion and analogy of "domesticity," the accommodation, or lack thereof, of the gospel and the world. (...)
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  35.  26
    Sartre, J.-P., 322.R. Kirk, P. Kitcher, S. Kripke, C. LaCasse, D. Lenat, E. LePore, R. Lewontin, Mackie Jl, D. Marr & A. Marras - 2000 - In Don Ross, Andrew Brook & David L. Thompson (eds.), Dennett's Philosophy: A Comprehensive Assessment. MIT Press.
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  36.  6
    Schistosomiasis-Related Perceptions, Attitudes and Treatment-Seeking Practices in Magu District, Tanzania: Public Health Implications.J. R. Mwanga, P. Magnussen, The Late C. L. Mugashe, The Late R. M. Gabone & J. Aagaard-Hansen - 2004 - Journal of Biosocial Science 36 (1):63-81.
  37.  8
    Stacking Faults, Ribbons and the Formation of Extended Jogs in Tin-Disulphide.R. Siems, P. Delavignette & S. Amelinckx - 1964 - Philosophical Magazine 9 (97):121-152.
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  38.  5
    A Survey of the Growth of Knowledge About Certain Parts of the Foetal Cardio-Vascular Apparatus, and About the Foetal Circulation, in Man and Some Other Mammals. Part I: Galen to Harvey.R. C. P. F. - 1941 - Annals of Science 5 (1):57-89.
    (1941). A survey of the growth of knowledge about certain parts of the foetal cardio-vascular apparatus, and about the foetal circulation, in Man and some other mammals. Part I: Galen to Harvey. Annals of Science: Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 57-89.
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  39.  28
    Soren Kierkegaard’s Journals and Papers. [REVIEW]L. P. R. - 1977 - Review of Metaphysics 30 (3):530-531.
    These two volumes complete the topical selections from Kierkegaard’s papers. Volume 3 covers L-R. Volume 4 covers S-Z. The entries are arranged chronologically within the topic. The forthcoming Volumes 5 and 6 will carry the autobiographical material. Volume 7 will contain a complete set of indexes and cross references. This is quite an expansion of the five volumes projected in the Hongs’ preface to Volume 1. English students will gain a full volume of selections and a much expanded cross reference (...)
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  40.  4
    Vico: A Study of the ‘New Science’. [REVIEW]L. P. R. - 1976 - Review of Metaphysics 29 (4):746-746.
    Pompa’s book is a welcome addition to the sparse English literature on Vico, and it will be of interest not only to philosophers but to historians, anthropologists, and other social scientists. Vico is written and developed as a guide to the final version of the New Science which is surely one of the most obscure books ever written. This is the first book in English which takes as its aim the exposition of the New Science. The other English books, ranging (...)
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  41.  3
    The L/K-Capture Ratio of Germanium 71.R. W. P. Drever & A. Moljk - 1957 - Philosophical Magazine 2 (16):427-436.
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  42.  17
    Dumbarton Oaks Collection. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection. Ed. A. R. Bellinger and P. Grierson. 1. Anastasius I to Maurice, 491–602. By A. R. Bellenger. Washington: Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies. 1966. Pp. Xxvi + 383. 80 Plates. $20.000. [REVIEW]D. M. Metcalf, Dumbarton Oaks Collection, A. R. Bellinger & P. Grierson - 1968 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 88:247-248.
  43.  12
    Information Orale Et Chirurgie Programmée Pour Pathologie Tumorale Bénigne de la Glande Thyroïde : Le Point de Vue du Chirurgien, du Médecin, de l'Avocat, Et du Magistrat☆.O. LaccOurreye, R. Cauchois, P. Touraine, A. GAray & A. BourlA - 2005 - Médecine et Droit 2005 (74-75):161-167.
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  44.  5
    R.V. & P.J. Wallis. Biobibliography of British Mathematics and its Applications, Part II, 1701–1760. Newcastle Upon Tyne: Project for Historical Biobibliography, 1986, Pp. Xxiii + 502. ISBN 1-85027-003-1. £48. [REVIEW]John Fauvel - 1989 - British Journal for the History of Science 22 (1):118-119.
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  45.  11
    Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy with Atomic Resolution on the Twofold Surface of the Icosahedral AlPdMn Quasicrystal.O. Gröning, R. Widmer, P. Ruffieux & P. Gröning - 2006 - Philosophical Magazine 86 (6-8):773-779.
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  46.  37
    R. S. P. Beekes: The Origins of the Etruscans . (Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen: Mededelingen van de Afdeling Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, 66.1.) Pp. 59, Map. Amsterdam: Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, 2003. Paper. ISBN: 90-6984-369-2. A. Grandazzi: Les Origines de Rome . (Que Sais-Je? 216.) Pp. 127, Maps. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2003. Paper. ISBN: 2-13-053219-. [REVIEW]Christopher Smith - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (1):361-362.
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  47.  21
    Pastoral Care and Personal-Social Education: Entitlement and Provision.R. Best, P. Lang, C. Lodge & C. Watkins - 1996 - British Journal of Educational Studies 44 (1):111-112.
  48.  16
    Thèbes de Béotie, des Origines À la Conquête Romaine. By P. Cloché. Pp. 289, with 1 Map. Namur: Facultés Universitaires, 1952. B. Fr. 150. [REVIEW]A. R. Burn & P. Cloche - 1953 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 73:173-173.
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  49.  9
    Space and Incongruence.B. P. R. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (4):856-859.
  50. SETTANNI, HARRY: Holism: a Philosophy for Today anticipating the Twenty First Century.A. P. G. R. - 1992 - Pensamiento 48 (189/192):499-500.
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