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Robin Cooper [41]Rachel Cooper [37]Richard P. Cooper [25]Robert Cooper [14]
Richard Cooper [12]Robert W. Cooper [10]Ron L. Cooper [7]R. Cooper [6]

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Rachel Cooper
Lancaster University
Rebecca Reilly-Cooper
Oxford University
Rachel Katherine Cooper
University of California, Irvine
  1. Generalized Quantifiers and Natural Language.John Barwise & Robin Cooper - 1981 - Linguistics and Philosophy 4 (2):159--219.
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  2. Disease.Rachel Cooper - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (2):263-282.
    This paper examines what it is for a condition to be a disease. It falls into two sections. In the first I examine the best existing account of disease (as proposed by Christopher Boorse) and argue that it must be rejected. In the second I outline a more acceptable account of disease. According to this account, by disease we mean a condition that it is a bad thing to have, that is such that we consider the afflicted person to have (...)
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  3.  23
    Situation Theory and its Applications Vol.Robin Cooper, Kuniaki Mukai & John Perry (eds.) - 1990 - CSLI Publications.
    Preface This volume represents the proceedings of the First Conference on Situation Theory and Its Applications held by CSLI at Asilomar, California, ...
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  4. Quantification and Syntactic Theory.Robin Cooper - 1983 - Dordrecht: Reidel.
     
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  5.  24
    The Organisation of Mind.Tim Shallice & Rick Cooper - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    To understand the mind, we need to draw equally on the fields of cognitive science and neuroscience. But these two fields have very separate intellectual roots, and very different styles. So how can these two be reconciled in order to develop a full understanding of the mind and brain.This is the focus of this landmark new book.
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  6. Cognitive Control: Componential or Emergent?Richard P. Cooper - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (4):598-613.
    The past 25 years have witnessed an increasing awareness of the importance of cognitive control in the regulation of complex behavior. It now sits alongside attention, memory, language, and thinking as a distinct domain within cognitive psychology. At the same time it permeates each of these sibling domains. This introduction reviews recent work on cognitive control in an attempt to provide a context for the fundamental question addressed within this topic: Is cognitive control to be understood as resulting from the (...)
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  7.  6
    Where’s the Problem? Considering Laing and Esterson’s Account of Schizophrenia, Social Models of Disability, and Extended Mental Disorder.Rachel Cooper - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (4):295-305.
    In this article, I compare and evaluate R. D. Laing and A. Esterson’s account of schizophrenia as developed in Sanity, Madness and the Family, social models of disability, and accounts of extended mental disorder. These accounts claim that some putative disorders should not be thought of as reflecting biological or psychological dysfunction within the afflicted individual, but instead as external problems. In this article, I consider the grounds on which such claims might be supported. I argue that problems should not (...)
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  8.  53
    Classifying Madness: A Philosophical Examination of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.Rachel Cooper - unknown
    Classifying Madness (Springer, 2005) concerns philosophical problems with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, more commonly known as the D.S.M. The D.S.M. is published by the American Psychiatric Association and aims to list and describe all mental disorders. The first half of Classifying Madness asks whether the project of constructing a classification of mental disorders that reflects natural distinctions makes sense. Chapters examine the nature of mental illness, and also consider whether mental disorders fall into natural kinds. The (...)
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  9.  40
    Beyond Single‐Level Accounts: The Role of Cognitive Architectures in Cognitive Scientific Explanation.Richard P. Cooper & David Peebles - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (2):243-258.
    We consider approaches to explanation within the cognitive sciences that begin with Marr's computational level or Marr's implementational level and argue that each is subject to fundamental limitations which impair their ability to provide adequate explanations of cognitive phenomena. For this reason, it is argued, explanation cannot proceed at either level without tight coupling to the algorithmic and representation level. Even at this level, however, we argue that additional constraints relating to the decomposition of the cognitive system into a set (...)
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  10.  4
    Hierarchical Schemas and Goals in the Control of Sequential Behavior.Richard P. Cooper & Tim Shallice - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (4):887-916.
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  11. Why Hacking is Wrong About Human Kinds.Rachel Cooper - 2004 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (1):73-85.
    is a term introduced by Ian Hacking to refer to the kinds of people—child abusers, pregnant teenagers, the unemployed—studied by the human sciences. Hacking argues that classifying and describing human kinds results in feedback, which alters the very kinds under study. This feedback results in human kinds having histories totally unlike those of natural kinds (such as gold, electrons and tigers), leading Hacking to conclude that human kinds are radically unlike natural kinds. Here I argue that Hacking's argument fails and (...)
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  12.  14
    Why is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders so Hard to Revise? Path-Dependence and “Lock-in” in Classification.Rachel Cooper - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 51:1-10.
  13.  1
    Is There a Semantic System for Abstract Words?Tim Shallice & Richard P. Cooper - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  14. Analogy as Relational Priming: A Developmental and Computational Perspective on the Origins of a Complex Cognitive Skill.Robert Leech, Denis Mareschal & Richard P. Cooper - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):357-378.
    The development of analogical reasoning has traditionally been understood in terms of theories of adult competence. This approach emphasizes structured representations and structure mapping. In contrast, we argue that by taking a developmental perspective, analogical reasoning can be viewed as the product of a substantially different cognitive ability – relational priming. To illustrate this, we present a computational (here connectionist) account where analogy arises gradually as a by-product of pattern completion in a recurrent network. Initial exposure to a situation primes (...)
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  15.  5
    Psychiatry and Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]R. V. Cooper - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):195-197.
    The key objectives of this book are to demonstrate the applicability of issues in the philosophy of science to problems in psychiatry and to show how the conceptual issues raised by psychiatry should be considered more closely by philosophers of science. These are worthy aims: the philosophy of psychiatry needs to draw more thoughtfully upon contemporary philosophical debates and stimulating interest within the philosophy of science is a good way to do this.Cooper's book succeeds for both of these desiderata. The (...)
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  16. What is Wrong with the DSM?Rachel Cooper - 2004 - History of Psychiatry 15 (1):5-25.
    The DSM is the main classification of mental disorders used by psychiatrists in the United States and, increasingly, around the world. Although widely used, the DSM has come in for fierce criticism, with many commentators believing it to be conceptually flawed in a variety of ways. This paper assesses some of these philosophical worries. The first half of the paper asks whether the project of constructing a classification of mental disorders that ‘cuts nature at the joints’ makes sense. What is (...)
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  17.  6
    Thought Experiments.Rachel Cooper - 2005 - Metaphilosophy 36 (3):328-347.
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  18.  39
    Are Automatic Imitation and Spatial Compatibility Mediated by Different Processes?Richard P. Cooper, Caroline Catmur & Cecilia Heyes - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (4):605-630.
    Automatic imitation or “imitative compatibility” is thought to be mediated by the mirror neuron system and to be a laboratory model of the motor mimicry that occurs spontaneously in naturalistic social interaction. Imitative compatibility and spatial compatibility effects are known to depend on different stimulus dimensions—body movement topography and relative spatial position. However, it is not yet clear whether these two types of stimulus–response compatibility effect are mediated by the same or different cognitive processes. We present an interactive activation model (...)
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  19. Austinian Truth, Attitudes and Type Theory ∗.Robin Cooper - unknown
    This paper is part of a broader project whose aim is to present a coherent unified approach to natural language dialogue semantics using tools from type theory. Here we explore aspects of our approach which relate to situation theory and situation semantics. We first point out a relationship between type theory and the Austinian notion of truth. We then consider how records in type theory might be used to represent situations and how dependent record types can be used to model (...)
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  20. Probabilistic Type Theory and Natural Language Semantics.Robin Cooper, Simon Dobnik, Shalom Lappin & Stefan Larsson - 2015 - Linguistic Issues in Language Technology 10 (1):1--43.
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  21. A Compositional Situation Semantics for Attitude Reports.Robin Cooper & Jonathan Ginzburg - 1996 - In Jerry Seligman & Dag Westerståhl (eds.), Logic, Language and Computation. Csli Publications, Stanford. pp. 1--151.
     
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  22.  46
    Clarification, Ellipsis, and the Nature of Contextual Updates in Dialogue.Jonathan Ginzburg & Robin Cooper - 2004 - Linguistics and Philosophy 27 (3):297-365.
    The paper investigates an elliptical construction, Clarification Ellipsis, that occurs in dialogue. We suggest that this provides data that demonstrates that updates resulting from utterances cannot be defined in purely semantic terms, contrary to the prevailing assumptions of existing approaches to dynamic semantics. We offer a computationally oriented analysis of the resolution of ellipsis in certain cases of dialogue clarification. We show that this goes beyond standard techniques used in anaphora and ellipsis resolution and requires operations on highly structured, linguistically (...)
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  23.  53
    Are Culture-Bound Syndromes as Real as Universally-Occurring Disorders?Rachel Cooper - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (4):325-332.
    This paper asks what it means to say that a disorder is a “real” disorder and then considers whether culture-bound syndromes are real disorders. Following J.L. Austin I note that when we ask whether some supposed culture-bound syndrome is a real disorder we should start by specifying what possible alternatives we have in mind. We might be asking whether the reported behaviours genuinely occur, that is, whether the culture-bound syndrome is a genuine phenomenon as opposed to a myth. We might (...)
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  24.  42
    Thirty Years After Marr's Vision: Levels of Analysis in Cognitive Science.David Peebles & Richard P. Cooper - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (2):187-190.
    Thirty years after the publication of Marr's seminal book Vision the papers in this topic consider the contemporary status of his influential conception of three distinct levels of analysis for information-processing systems, and in particular the role of the algorithmic and representational level with its cognitive-level concepts. This level has been downplayed or eliminated both by reductionist neuroscience approaches from below that seek to account for behavior from the implementation level and by Bayesian approaches from above that seek to account (...)
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  25.  5
    On the Relation Between Marr's Levels: A Response to Blokpoel.Richard P. Cooper & David Peebles - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (3):649-653.
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  26.  22
    Business and Professional Ethics in Transitional Economies and Beyond: Considerations for the Insurance Industries of Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary. [REVIEW]Robert W. Cooper & Mark S. Dorfman - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 47 (4):381 - 392.
    This paper examines several key aspects of the ethical environment facing the insurance industries of Poland, The Czech Republic and Hungary as they complete the transition from Communist insurance systems built upon state-owned monopolies to viable private domestic insurance markets, and then seek to harmonize their markets with the single insurance market of the European Union. Since many types of ethical problems encountered during the transition are unlikely to diminish significantly as a result of either privatization or regulation of the (...)
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  27. Can It Be a Good Thing to Be Deaf?Rachel Cooper - 2007 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (6):563 – 583.
    Increasingly, Deaf activists claim that it can be good to be Deaf. Still, much of the hearing world remains unconvinced, and continues to think of deafness in negative terms. I examine this debate and argue that to determine whether it can be good to be deaf it is necessary to examine each claimed advantage or disadvantage of being deaf, and then to make an overall judgment regarding the net cost or benefit. On the basis of such a survey I conclude (...)
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  28.  7
    The Role of Falsification in the Development of Cognitive Architectures: Insights From a Lakatosian Analysis.Richard P. Cooper - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (3):509-533.
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  29.  49
    The Goal Circuit Model: A Hierarchical Multi‐Route Model of the Acquisition and Control of Routine Sequential Action in Humans.Richard P. Cooper, Nicolas Ruh & Denis Mareschal - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (2):244-274.
    Human control of action in routine situations involves a flexible interplay between (a) task-dependent serial ordering constraints; (b) top-down, or intentional, control processes; and (c) bottom-up, or environmentally triggered, affordances. In addition, the interaction between these influences is modulated by learning mechanisms that, over time, appear to reduce the need for top-down control processes while still allowing those processes to intervene at any point if necessary or if desired. We present a model of the acquisition and control of goal-directed action (...)
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  30. Health, Illness and Disease: Philosophical Essays.Havi Carel & Rachel Valerie Cooper (eds.) - 2013 - Routledge.
    What counts as health or ill health? How do we deal with the fallibility of our own bodies? Should illness and disease be considered simply in biological terms, or should considerations of its emotional impact dictate our treatment of it? Our understanding of health and illness had become increasingly more complex in the modern world, as we are able to use medicine not only to fight disease but to control other aspects of our bodies, whether mood, blood pressure, or cholesterol. (...)
     
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  31. Copredication, Dynamic Generalized Quantification and Lexical Innovation by Coercion.Robin Cooper - unknown
    We propose a record type theoretical account of cases of copredication which have motivated the introduction of dot types in the Generative Lexicon. We will suggest that using record types gives us a simple and intuitive account of dot types and also makes a connection between copredication and the use of hypothetical contexts in a record type theoretic analysis of dynamic generalized quantifiers. We propose a view of lexical innovation which draws both on Pustejovsky’s original work on the Generative Lexicon (...)
     
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  32.  10
    Introduction.Rachel Cooper & Chris Megone - 2007 - Philosophical Papers 36 (3):339-341.
  33. Proceedings of the Thirty-Fourth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.Naomi Miyake, David Peebles & Richard Cooper (eds.) - 2012 - Cognitive Science Society.
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  34.  19
    Unveiling the Promise of Community Cultural Wealth to Sustaining Latina/o Students' College-Going Information Networks.Daniel D. Liou, René Antrop-González & Robert Cooper - 2009 - Educational Studies: Journal of the American Educational Studies Association 45 (6):534-555.
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  35.  4
    Relevance Theory, Pragmatic Inference and Cognitive Architecture.Wen Yuan, Francis Y. Lin & Richard P. Cooper - 2018 - Philosophical Psychology 32 (1):98-122.
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  36.  1
    An Architecturally Constrained Model of Random Number Generation and its Application to Modeling the Effect of Generation Rate.Nicholas J. Sexton & Richard P. Cooper - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  37.  28
    Psychiatric Classification and Subjective Experience.Rachel Cooper - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (2):197-202.
    This article does not directly consider the feelings and emotions that occur in mental illness. Rather, it concerns a higher level methodological question: To what extent is an analysis of feelings and felt emotions of importance for psychiatric classification? Some claim that producing a phenomenologically informed descriptive psychopathology is a prerequisite for serious taxonomic endeavor. Others think that classifications of mental disorders may ignore subjective experience. A middle view holds that classification should at least map the contours of the phenomenology (...)
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  38.  7
    Acutely Induced Anxiety Increases Negative Interpretations of Events in a Closed-Circuit Television Monitoring Task.Robbie Cooper, Christina J. Howard, Angela S. Attwood, Rachel Stirland, Viviane Rostant, Lynne Renton, Christine Goodwin & Marcus R. Munafò - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (2):273-282.
  39.  16
    Soar and the Case for Unified Theories of Cognition.Richard Cooper & Tim Shallice - 1995 - Cognition 55 (2):115-149.
  40.  22
    Dilemmas in Dispensing, Problems in Practice? Ethical Issues and Law in UK Community Pharmacy.R. J. Cooper, P. Bissell & J. Wingfield - 2007 - Clinical Ethics 2 (2):103-108.
    Do UK community pharmacists encounter the high drama dilemmas of the medical ethics literature or is a 'morality of the mundane' more appropriate? This paper presents the findings of a qualitative study that asked a sample of UK pharmacists to describe their ethical issues and to establish whether these were ethical dilemmas as understood philosophically or ethical problems of a more legal or emotional nature. It emerged that although many pharmacists referred to 'dilemmas', these were often problems involving a conflict (...)
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  41.  19
    On the Relation Between Marr's Levels: A Response to Blokpoel.Richard P. Cooper & David Peebles - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (2).
    Blokpoel reminds us of the importance of consistency of function across Marr's levels, but we argue that the approach to ensuring consistency that he advocates—a strict relation through exact implementation of the higher level function at the lower level—is unnecessarily restrictive. We show that it forces overcomplication of the computational level and results in the sacrifice of the distinct responsibilities associated with each level. We propose an alternative, no less rigorous, potential characterization of the relation between levels.
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  42.  15
    A New Prescription for Empirical Ethics Research in Pharmacy: A Critical Review of the Literature.R. J. Cooper, P. Bissell & J. Wingfield - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (2):82-86.
    Empirical ethics research is increasingly valued in bioethics and healthcare more generally, but there remain as yet under-researched areas such as pharmacy, despite the increasingly visible attempts by the profession to embrace additional roles beyond the supply of medicines. A descriptive and critical review of the extant empirical pharmacy ethics literature is provided here. A chronological change from quantitative to qualitative approaches is highlighted in this review, as well as differing theoretical approaches such as cognitive moral development and the four (...)
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  43.  31
    Simple Heuristics Could Make Us Smart; but Which Heuristics Do We Apply When?Richard Cooper - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):746-746.
    Simple heuristics are clearly powerful tools for making near optimal decisions, but evidence for their use in specific situations is weak. Gigerenzer et al. (1999) suggest a range of heuristics, but fail to address the question of which environmental or task cues might prompt the use of any specific heuristic. This failure compromises the falsifiability of the fast and frugal approach.
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  44. Austinian Propositions Davidsonian Events and Perception Complements.Robin Cooper - unknown
    Intuitively Austinian propositions are propositions that tell us something about a situation In this paper we will consider Austinian propositions and the associated notion that situations support infons which are to be found in situation theory and situation semantics We will try to tease out the consequences of taking the Austinian approach advocated in situation semantics as opposed to a very similar approach originally proposed by Davidson That is that event predicates where events are to be generally conceived so as (...)
     
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  45. Modelling the Correlation Between Two Putative Inhibition Tasks: An Analytic Approach.Eddy J. Davelaar & Richard P. Cooper - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
  46.  57
    The NP-S Analysis of Relative Clauses and Compositional Semantics.Emmon Bach & Robin Cooper - 1978 - Linguistics and Philosophy 2 (1):145 - 150.
    We have sketched how it is possible to give an analysis for adjoined relative clauses which is consistent with the compositionality principle and have shown that the technique which seems necessary for this analysis can be used to provide a compositional semantics for the NP-S analysis of English relative clauses.It is unlikely that anyone working within the framework of a compositional theory would choose the NP-S analysis for English, since it is clearly much less elegant and simple, in some intuitive (...)
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  47. Modernism, Postmodernism and Organizational Analysis an Introduction.Robert Cooper & Gibson Burrell - 1988
     
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  48.  3
    The Myth of Hempel and the DSM-III.Rachel Cooper & Roger Blashfield - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 70:10-19.
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  49. Towards a Formal View of Corrective Feedback.Staffan Larsson & Robin Cooper - unknown
    This paper introduces a formal view of the semantics and pragmatics of corrective feedback in dialogues between adults and children. The goal of this research is to give a formal account of language coordination in dialogue, and semantic coordination in particular. Accounting for semantic coordination requires (1) a semantics, i.e. an architecture allowing for dynamic meanings and meaning updates as results of dialogue moves, and (2) a pragmatics, describing the dialogue moves involved in semantic coordination. We illustrate the general approach (...)
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  50. Cognitive Neuroscience: The Troubled Marriage of Cognitive Science and Neuroscience.Richard P. Cooper & Tim Shallice - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):398-406.
    We discuss the development of cognitive neuroscience in terms of the tension between the greater sophistication in cognitive concepts and methods of the cognitive sciences and the increasing power of more standard biological approaches to understanding brain structure and function. There have been major technological developments in brain imaging and advances in simulation, but there have also been shifts in emphasis, with topics such as thinking, consciousness, and social cognition becoming fashionable within the brain sciences. The discipline has great promise (...)
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