Results for 'R. Dosunmu'

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  1.  56
    Lifespan profiles of Alzheimer's disease-associated genes and products in monkeys and mice.R. Dosunmu, J. Wu, L. Adwan, B. Maloney, M. R. Basha, C. A. McPherson, G. J. Harry, D. C. Rice, N. H. Zawia & D. K. Lahiri - 2009 - J Alzheimers Dis 18:211-30.
    Alzheimer's disease is characterized by plaques of amyloid-beta peptide, cleaved from amyloid-beta protein precursor . Our hypothesis is that lifespan profiles of AD-associated mRNA and protein levels in monkeys would differ from mice and that differential lifespan expression profiles would be useful to understand human AD pathogenesis. We compared profiles of AbetaPP mRNA, AbetaPP protein, and Abeta levels in rodents and primates. We also tracked a transcriptional regulator of the AbetaPP gene, specificity protein 1 , and the beta amyloid precursor (...)
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  2.  65
    The Lottery: A Paradox Regained And Resolved.R. Weintraub - 2001 - Synthese 129 (3):439-449.
    The lottery paradox shows seemingly plausible principles of rational acceptance to be incompatible. It has been argued that we shouldn’t be concerned by this clash, since the concept of (categorical) belief is otiose, to be supplanted by a quantitative notion of partial belief, in terms of which the paradox cannot even be formulated. I reject this eliminativist view of belief, arguing that the ordinary concept of (categorical) belief has a useful function which the quantitative notion does not serve. I then (...)
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  3. The great apes. A study of anthropoïd life.R. M. Yerkes & A. W. Yerkes - 1932 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 114:464-466.
     
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  4. AI-generated art and fiction: signifying everything, meaning nothing?Steven R. Kraaijeveld - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-3.
  5.  14
    Mitigating Moral Distress through Ethics Consultation.Georgina Morley, Lauren R. Sankary & Cristie Cole Horsburgh - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (4):61-63.
    While the phenomenon of ‘moral distress’ has been of interest to the nursing community since Jameton first described it in 1984, moral distress is now understood to effect healthcare professionals...
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  6.  30
    R. Edward Freeman’s Selected Works on Stakeholder Theory and Business Ethics.Sergiy D. Dmytriyev & R. Edward Freeman (eds.) - 2023 - Springer Verlag.
    Ed Freeman’s influential ideas on stakeholder theory, business ethics, humanities, and capitalism became foundational in the management field and turned around the mainstream thinking about business. Stakeholder theory developed by Freeman and others posits that business is not as much about profits, but rather about creating value for its stakeholders, including employees, customers, communities, financiers, and suppliers. The relationship between a company and its stakeholders is the essence of business and should be of utmost attention to its managers. Managers should (...)
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  7. Against COVID‐19 vaccination of healthy children.Steven R. Kraaijeveld, Rachel Gur-Arie & Euzebiusz Jamrozik - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (6):687-698.
  8.  36
    Précis of The View from Here.R. Jay Wallace - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 92 (3):761-762.
  9. Experimental Philosophy of Technology.Steven R. Kraaijeveld - 2021 - Philosophy and Technology 34:993-1012.
    Experimental philosophy is a relatively recent discipline that employs experimental methods to investigate the intuitions, concepts, and assumptions behind traditional philosophical arguments, problems, and theories. While experimental philosophy initially served to interrogate the role that intuitions play in philosophy, it has since branched out to bring empirical methods to bear on problems within a variety of traditional areas of philosophy—including metaphysics, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, and epistemology. To date, no connection has been made between developments in experimental philosophy (...)
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  10. Hinduism.R. C. Zaehner - 1964 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 26 (1):143-143.
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  11.  99
    Direct Versus Indirect: Control, Moral Responsibility, and Free Action.Alfred R. Mele - 2020 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 102 (3):559-573.
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, EarlyView.
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  12.  10
    Brain Device Research and the Underappreciated Role of Care Partners before, during, and Post-Trial.Amanda R. Merner, Joseph J. Fins & Gabriel Lázaro-Muñoz - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 13 (4):236-239.
    The number of clinical trials for experimental brain implants continues to grow, and with this growth comes an increased reliance upon patients with treatment-refractory conditions to volunteer as...
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  13. Corresponding Conspiracy Theorists.M. R. X. Dentith & Patrick Stokes - 2024 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 13 (5):15-32.
  14.  32
    A Short Comment on Michael Slote, “The Many Faces of Empathy”.R. Zaborowski - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (3):857-859.
    ᅟThe comment discusses M. Slote's view on empathy as presented in his paper “The Many Faces of Empathy”. It is asked whether three forms of empathy he portrays are three separable concepts or three variants of the same concept of empathy.
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  15.  15
    How Hume and Kant Reconstruct Natural Law: Justifying Strict Objectivity Without Debating Moral Realism.Kenneth R. Westphal - 2016 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press UK.
    Kenneth R. Westphal presents an original interpretation of Hume's and Kant's moral philosophies, the differences between which are prominent in current philosophical accounts. Westphal argues that focussing on these differences, however, occludes a decisive, shared achievement: a distinctive constructivist account of the basic principles of justice which justifies their strict objectivity without invoking moral realism nor moral anti- or irrealism. Westphal explores how Hume developed a kind of constructivism for basic property rights and for government, and how Kant greatly refined (...)
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  16. Moral Uncertainty, Pure Justifiers, and Agent-Centred Options.Patrick Kaczmarek & Harry R. Lloyd - forthcoming - Australasian Journal of Philosophy.
    Moral latitude is only ever a matter of coincidence on the most popular decision procedure in the literature on moral uncertainty. In all possible choice situations other than those in which two or more options happen to be tied for maximal expected choiceworthiness, Maximize Expected Choiceworthiness implies that only one possible option is uniquely appropriate. A better theory of appropriateness would be more sensitive to the decision maker’s credence in theories that endorse agent-centred prerogatives. In this paper, we will develop (...)
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  17.  23
    The Potential Harms of Speculative Neuroethics Research.Amanda R. Merner & Cynthia S. Kubu - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 14 (4):418-421.
    Wexler and Specker Sullivan (2023) note that, “unbridled speculation can imperil the credibility of neuroethics, generate unrealistic expectations amongst different stakeholders, take up time that...
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  18. The influence of improvement in one mental function upon the efficiency of other functions. (I).R. S. Woodworth & E. L. Thorndike - 1901 - Psychological Review 8 (3):247-261.
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  19.  16
    An empirical investigation into moral challenges of (breaching) confidentiality and needs for ethics support when facilitating moral case deliberation.W. M. R. Ligtenberg, A. C. Molewijk & M. M. Stolper - 2024 - International Journal of Ethics Education 9 (1):79-104.
    Ethics support staff help others to deal with moral challenges. However, they themselves can also experience moral challenges such as issues regarding (breaching) confidentiality when practicing ethics support. Currently there is no insight in these confidentiality issues and also no professional guidance for dealing with them. To gain insight into moral challenges related to Moral Case Deliberation (MCD), we studied a) beliefs and experiences of MCD facilitators regarding breaching confidentiality, b) considerations for (not) breaching confidentiality, and c) needs for an (...)
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  20.  23
    Locke's Rejection of Hypotheses about Sub-Microscopic Events.R. M. Yost - 1951 - Journal of the History of Ideas 12 (1):111.
  21.  10
    Finding Darwin's God: A Scientist's Search for Common Ground between God and Evolution.Kenneth R. Miller - 1999 - New York: Cliff Street Books.
    Focusing on the ground-breaking and often controversial science of Charles Darwin, the author seeks to bridge the gulf between science and religion on the subject of human evolution.
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  22.  14
    Changes in Juvenile Foraging Behavior among the Hadza of Tanzania during Early Transition to a Mixed-Subsistence Economy.Trevor R. Pollom, Kristen N. Herlosky, Ibrahim A. Mabulla & Alyssa N. Crittenden - 2020 - Human Nature 31 (2):123-140.
    The Hadza foragers of Tanzania are currently experiencing a nutritional shift that includes the intensification of domesticated cultigens in the diet. Despite these changes, no study, to date, has examined the possible effects of this transition on the food collection behavior of young foragers. Here we present a cross-sectional study on foraging behavior taken from two time points, 2005 and 2017. We compare the number of days foraged and the type and amount of food collected for young foragers, aged 5–14 (...)
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  23. Beyond ’Salience’ and ’Affordance’: Understanding Anomalous Experiences of Significant Possibilities.Matthew Ratcliffe & Matthew R. Broome - 2022 - In Sophie Archer (ed.), Salience: A Philosophical Inquiry. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 50–69.
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  24.  12
    Norm and Action: A Logical Enquiry.R. M. Hare - 1965 - Philosophical Quarterly 15 (59):172-175.
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  25. Freud, A Collection of Critical Essays.R. Wollheim - 1976 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 27 (2):191-197.
  26.  9
    The Greeks and the Irrational.Friedrich Solmsen & E. R. Dodds - 1954 - American Journal of Philology 75 (2):190.
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  27.  17
    Reflections on New Evidence on Crisis Standards of Care in the COVID-19 Pandemic.Mark R. Mercurio, Mark D. Siegel, John Hughes, Ernest D. Moritz, Jennifer Kapo, Jennifer L. Herbst, Sarah C. Hull, Karen Jubanyik, Katherine Kraschel, Lauren E. Ferrante, Lori Bruce, Stephen R. Latham & Benjamin Tolchin - 2021 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 32 (4):358-360.
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  28.  9
    Necessary Causality and Miracle in Mu'tazila: An Analysis within the Frame of Nature (Tabʽ) Theories.Ahmet Mekin Kandemi̇r - 2020 - Kader 18 (1):31-60.
    This article is focused on the theory of nature (ṭabʽ) advocated by some of the early Muʽtazilī scholars such as Muʻammar b. ʽAbbād al-Sulamī (d. 215/830), Abū Isḥāq al-Naẓẓām (d. 231/845), Abū ʽUthmān al-Jāḥiẓ (d. 255/869) and Abū al-Qāsim al-Kaʽbī (d. 319/931) and its consequences about causality and miracle. The supporters of the ṭabʽ theory argue that Allah creates all beings with innate and permanent natures and these natures determine all movements and events in universe, and that necessary causal relationships (...)
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  29.  22
    Rethinking Human Embryo Research Policies.Kirstin R. W. Matthews, Ana S. Iltis, Nuria Gallego Marquez, Daniel S. Wagner, Jason Scott Robert, Inmaculada de Melo-Martín, Marieke Bigg, Sarah Franklin, Soren Holm, Ingrid Metzler, Matteo A. Molè, Jochen Taupitz, Giuseppe Testa & Jeremy Sugarman - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (1):47-51.
    It now seems technically feasible to culture human embryos beyond the “fourteen‐day limit,” which has the potential to increase scientific understanding of human development and perhaps improve infertility treatments. The fourteen‐day limit was adopted as a compromise but subsequently has been considered an ethical line. Does it remain relevant in light of technological advances permitting embryo maturation beyond it? Should it be changed and, if so, how and why? What justifications would be necessary to expand the limit, particularly given that (...)
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  30.  9
    Heidegger's Anxiety: On the Role of Mood in Phenomenological Method.R. Matthew Shockey - 2016 - Bulletin D’Analyse Phénoménologique, 12 (1).
    Heidegger’s early project aims to articulate the form of our being as Dasein, and he says that for this usually hidden form to become accessible, a certain kind of “mood” is required of the philosopher. This “ground-mood” he identifies in Sein und Zeit as anxiety. He also, however, presents anxiety as a mood anyone, philosopher or not, experiences when there is some significant breakdown in the living of her life. I argue here that there are largely unrecognized problems with this (...)
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  31.  4
    Psychiatry as a vocation: Moral injury, COVID-19, and the phenomenology of clinical practice.Matthew R. Broome, Jamila Rodrigues, Rosa Ritunnano & Clara Humpston - 2024 - Clinical Ethics 19 (2):157-170.
    In this article, we focus on a particular kind of emotional impact of the pandemic, namely the phenomenology of the experience of moral injury in healthcare professionals. Drawing on Weber's reflections in his lecture Politics as a Vocation and data from the Experiences of Social Distancing during the COVID-19 Pandemic Survey, we analyse responses from healthcare professionals which show the experiences of burnout, sense of frustration and impotence, and how these affect clinicians’ emotional state. We argue that this may relate (...)
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  32.  26
    Keeping Teams Together: How Ethical Leadership Moderates the Effects of Performance on Team Efficacy and Social Integration.Sean R. Martin, Kyle J. Emich, Elizabeth J. McClean & Col Todd Woodruff - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 176 (1):127-139.
    Prior research has demonstrated a strong relationship between team performance and team members’ team efficacy beliefs and perceptions of social integration. Performing well increases the feelings of collective ability that comprise team efficacy and the feelings of psychological connectedness that make up social integration, while performing poorly erodes them. In this article, we draw from the social cognitive base of ethical leadership theory to argue that ethical leadership moderates the relationship between team performance and team efficacy beliefs, and between team (...)
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  33. The property rights approach to moral uncertainty.Harry R. Lloyd - manuscript
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  34.  15
    Birth order and intellectual development.R. B. Zajonc & Gregory B. Markus - 1975 - Psychological Review 82 (1):74-88.
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  35.  12
    Modeling Structure‐Building in the Brain With CCG Parsing and Large Language Models.Miloš Stanojević, Jonathan R. Brennan, Donald Dunagan, Mark Steedman & John T. Hale - 2023 - Cognitive Science 47 (7):e13312.
    To model behavioral and neural correlates of language comprehension in naturalistic environments, researchers have turned to broad‐coverage tools from natural‐language processing and machine learning. Where syntactic structure is explicitly modeled, prior work has relied predominantly on context‐free grammars (CFGs), yet such formalisms are not sufficiently expressive for human languages. Combinatory categorial grammars (CCGs) are sufficiently expressive directly compositional models of grammar with flexible constituency that affords incremental interpretation. In this work, we evaluate whether a more expressive CCG provides a better (...)
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  36.  7
    The story of evolution in 25 discoveries: the evidence and the people who found it.Donald R. Prothero - 2020 - New York: Columbia University Press.
    The theory of evolution unites the past, present, and future of living things. It puts humanity's place in the universe into necessary perspective. Despite a history of controversy, the evidence for evolution continues to accumulate as a result of many separate strands of incredible scientific sleuthing. In The Story of Evolution in 25 Discoveries, Donald R. Prothero explores the most fascinating breakthroughs in piecing together the evidence for evolution. In twenty-five vignettes, he recounts the dramatic stories of the people who (...)
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  37.  16
    A measurement of the charge on edge dislocations in a sodium chloride crystal.R. W. Whitworth - 1967 - Philosophical Magazine 15 (134):305-319.
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  38.  5
    Vaishnavism in Nammalvar’s Poem “Tiruviruttam”.Sergey R. Moiseev - 2023 - RUDN Journal of Philosophy 27 (4):996-1008.
    Nammalvar, a Tamil poet who lived in IX-X centuries, is revered as one of the great mystics of India. His four poetic works are equated with the sacred hymns and are part of the ritual worship in the temples of South India. Artistic images of Nammalvar formed the basis of the philosophy of Vishishta-Advaita several centuries later. The poem “Thiruviruttam” is considered as his early work, where he combines the canons of ancient Tamil poetry and his devoted love for Vishnu-Tirumal. (...)
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  39.  11
    The biological paradigm of psychosis in crisis: A Kuhnian analysis.Mark Pearson, Stefan R. Egglestone & Gary Winship - 2023 - Nursing Philosophy 24 (4):e12418.
    The philosophy of Thomas Kuhn proposes that scientific progress involves periods of crisis and revolution in which previous paradigms are discarded and replaced. Revolutions in how mental health problems are conceptualised have had a substantial impact on the work of mental health nurses. However, despite numerous revolutions within the field of mental health, the biological paradigm has remained largely dominant within western healthcare, especially in orientating the understanding and treatment of psychosis. This paper utilises concepts drawn from the philosophy of (...)
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  40.  77
    How to Derive “Ought” from “Is” Revisited.John R. Searle - 2021 - In Paolo Di Lucia & Edoardo Fittipaldi (eds.), Revisiting Searle on Deriving “Ought” From “Is”. Springer Verlag. pp. 3-16.
    In his seminal article “How to Derive ‘Ought’ from ‘Is’,” which was published in 1964, John R. Searle offered a counterexample to Hume’s law. Here, Searle reconstructs the historical context in which that article appeared, when the task of moral philosophers—especially in the Anglophone world—was supposed to be metaethics, which aims to describe the use of ethical terms and their logical behavior. Searle stands by the validity of his derivation, and in light of his subsequent philosophical developments—notably his social ontology (...)
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  41. Ḥāshiyat al-ʻAṭṭār.Ḥasan ibn Muḥammad al-ʻAṭṭār ʻalá sharḥ al-Maqūlāt - 1896 - In Ḥasan ibn Muḥammad ʻAṭṭār (ed.), Hādhihi ḥāshiyat al-ʻAllāmah al-ʻAṭṭār wa-maʻahā ḥāshiyat al-fāḍl al-Shaykh Muḥammad Ḥasanayn al-ʻAdawī al-Mālikī ʻalá sharḥ al-Maqūlāt lil-ʻAllāmah al-Shaykh al-Sujāʻī. Miṣr: al-Maṭbaʻah al-ʻĀmirah al-ʻUthmānīyah.
     
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  42.  19
    Understanding Language Evolution: Beyond Pan‐Centrism.Adriano R. Lameira & Josep Call - 2020 - Bioessays 42 (3):1900102.
    Language does not fossilize but this does not mean that the language's evolutionary timeline is lost forever. Great apes provide a window back in time on our last prelinguistic ancestor's communication and cognition. Phylogeny and cladistics implicitly conjure Pan (chimpanzees, bonobos) as a superior (often the only) model for language evolution compared with earlier diverging lineages, Gorilla and Pongo (orangutans). Here, in reviewing the literature, it is shown that Pan do not surpass other great apes along genetic, cognitive, ecologic, or (...)
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  43. Reasons for Action and Action for Reasons.Alfred R. Mele - 2003 - In Motivation and agency. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Investigates the connection between motivation and reasons for action. It begins with a sketch of Donald Davidson's influential version of the view that reasons for action are states of mind. It then undermines some criticisms of a broadly Davidsonian view of action explanation, including objections by Rosalind Hursthouse and T. M. Scanlon. Finally, it builds a theoretical bridge between work on its central topic by two groups of theorists: those guided primarily by a concern with the evaluation of actions or (...)
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  44. The Motivational Power of Practical Reasoning.Alfred R. Mele - 2003 - In Motivation and agency. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Examines the motivational power of practical reasoning. Two views are distinguished: “the antecedent motivation theory,” according to which, in actual human beings, all motivation nonaccidentally produced by practical reasoning issuing in a belief favoring a course of action derives, at least partly, from motivation already present in the agent; and “the cognitive engine theory,” according to which, in actual human beings, some instances of practical evaluative reasoning nonaccidentally produce motivation that does not derive at all from motivation already present. The (...)
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  45. Le kodgor̄înî Kantewe bo tiyorî fîlm: derwazeyek bo fînomînolojyay matiryalîstîy Zîgfrîd Kirakawer.Peşr̄ew Miḧemed - 2021 - Silêmanî [Kurdistan, Iraq]: Nawendî Roşinbîrîy R̄ehend.
     
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  46. Forma i otnoshenie: prinosʺ kŭmʺ uchenieto za poznanieto.Dimitŭr Georgiev Mikhalchev - 1914 - Sofii︠a︡: Sofiĭski universitet.
     
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  47. A Therapeutic Fallacy.Peter F. R. Mills - 2024 - In Neal Baer (ed.), The promise and peril of CRISPR. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
     
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  48. Humanism and gender.Monica R. Miller - 2021 - In Anthony B. Pinn (ed.), The Oxford handbook of humanism. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
     
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  49.  8
    John Locke: drafts for the essay concerning human understanding.J. R. Milton & G. A. J. Rogers (eds.) - 2021 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This volume provides the first complete edition of the third and final surviving draft of John Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding, dating from 1685, four years before the publication of the Essay itself (December 1689). There is a General Introduction that gives a detailed account of the content and circumstances of composition of this draft, and a Textual Introduction that provides a full description of the manuscript and its0history.
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  50. Spatial Information Theory: Foundations of Geographic Information Science.Daniel R. Montello (ed.) - 2001 - New York: Springer.
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