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H. K. R. [69]H. R. [47]H. T. R. [10]H. R. H. R. [3]
H. P. R. [1]H. S. R. [1]
See also
Dr. Hagengruber, Dr.
Universität-GH Paderborn
  1.  24
    Ontological Relativity and Other Essays. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):747-748.
    The title essay was originally presented as two lectures inaugurating the John Dewey lectures at Columbia. It is an important essay for understanding Quine's work for it brings together many themes at the center of his thinking since Word and Object. Quine quotes with approval Dewey's statement "meaning is primarily a property of behavior" and then goes on to consider a thesis which, according to Quine, is a consequence of such a behavioral theory of meaning, i.e., the thesis of the (...)
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  2.  52
    General Investigations Concerning the Analysis of Concepts and Truths. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):559-560.
    Leibniz' General Investigations, a group of memoranda on logical and methodological matters, remained unpublished until Couturat published the original Latin manuscript in 1903. Only after 1960 was a German translation made by F. Schmidt and an English translation by G. H. R. Parkinson. The present translation provides extensive reference notes to Leibniz' other manuscripts, and a commentary and notes to the text. In these respects it has some advantages over previous translations. The translation is clear although the work itself is (...)
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  3.  50
    Space and Time. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):568-568.
    The virtue of this book is that it brings together in one volume discussions related to our ordinary conception of space and time on the one hand and discussions related to the conception of space and time in contemporary physical theory on the other. Thus we have discussion of the topology, metrical geometry, and tri-dimensionality of space; absolute vs. relative space; the order and direction of time in physical theory; the size and physical limits of the universe; and the beginning (...)
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  4.  46
    The Anatomy of Inquiry. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (4):634-634.
    A book which attempts to introduce the reader to current problems in the philosophy of science, and at the same time to provide a new and significant treatment of some of these problems. The "modest empiricism" which Scheffler has espoused in a number of previous publications is given a detailed presentation in a study of historical attempts to provide meaning for three crucial concepts in the field: explanation, signification and confirmation.--R. H. K.
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  5.  44
    Referring. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (3):574-574.
    This book considers some of the problems of a logical nature about reference which have troubled contemporary philosophers--particularly problems about existence, identity, and definite descriptions. It deals with five philosophers who have been especially concerned with these logical problems: Meinong, Frege, Russell, Strawson, and Quine. The pivotal chapters concern Russell's theory of descriptions and Strawson's well-known critique of that theory in his paper "On Referring." According to Linsky, some of Strawson's criticisms of Russell hit their mark; but not all of (...)
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  6.  43
    The Behaviorial Basis of Perception. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (3):587-587.
    A highly technical theory of visual perception is developed in the first half of this psychological study with the aid of set-theoretical symbols and a complex array of variables ranging over states of the various sub-systems of the organism related to perception. In the later chapters the author describes several new and crucial experiments favoring the theory over other theories of perception, and discusses its philosophical implications for a behavioral account of mind. Those who wade through the welter of symbols (...)
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  7.  42
    The Poverty of Liberalism. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):570-570.
    This is a careful analytical study of some of the central concepts of contemporary political thought. In separate chapters the author deals with the concepts of liberty, loyalty, power, and tolerance, exposing in the process some of the contradictions and confusions of contemporary American liberal and conservative thought. In the first chapter, which takes its point of departure from J. S. Mill's writings on liberty and political economy, Wolff shows that conservatives and liberals in the U.S. often share common principles (...)
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  8.  39
    Topics in Philosophical Logic. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):564-565.
    The aim of this book is to introduce the reader to some new areas of contemporary logic which generally fall under the rubric of philosophical logic. It succeeds in this task to a degree, although the chapters are for the most part adaptations of journal articles published by Rescher over the last ten years and are more self-contained than they might have been. But the book should renew interest in the problems of philosophical logic. It contains many interesting discussions and (...)
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  9.  31
    Hume and the Problem of Causation. [REVIEW]H. P. R. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (4):853-855.
    This volume claims to offer first a correct interpretation of Hume's theory of causation, and second, a philosophical defense of it against many recent criticisms. The first two chapters try to reconcile Hume's two definitions of "cause," and to prove that Hume was not a skeptic about induction. The authors contend that Hume's views on causation can be rationally reconstructed as a unified theory that is, they believe, faithful to his intentions, namely that causation involves regularities or constant conjunctions, and (...)
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  10.  37
    The Philosophy of Being. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (1):196-196.
    Intended for students of Thomistic metaphysics, this is a companion to Smith's earlier work on Natural Theology. From the basic question of being, stated in terms of the one and the many, a consistent metaphysics is developed. Stress is put upon the questions of our knowledge and the cause of being, and the relations of metaphysics, epistemology, and theology in Thomistic philosophy. The treatments of analogy, possibility, abstraction, and the transcendentals are especially informative.--R. H. K.
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  11.  36
    Axiomatization of the Theory of Relativity. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):748-748.
    Reichenbach wrote this book just after taking the first course Einstein ever taught on the theory of relativity. His important and influential work The Philosophy of Space and Time was written several years later and relied in part on the axiomatization of the special and general theories of relativity already worked out in this book. For special relativity Reichenbach divides his axioms into two sets, the light axioms which relate light signals to the topology and metric of time and space, (...)
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  12.  36
    Directives and Norms. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):138-138.
    The expressed aim of Alf Ross' study is to lay the philosophical foundations for deontic logic by explicating the concepts of directive and norm. But there is a wider significance to his task, for he makes clear throughout that the concepts of directive and norm are central to a wide variety of disciplines, including moral, legal, and social philosophy, linguistics and the other social sciences. Moreover, the test of adequacy of his explications include an appeal to the usefulness the concepts (...)
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  13.  36
    God and the Soul. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):741-741.
    Peter Geach brings the same careful attention to logical detail to these studies in the philosophy of religion and philosophy of mind as he has brought to other philosophical works. Some of the topics discussed here, however, will surprise some readers of Geach's earlier works, e.g., reincarnation, immortality, creation, praying for things to happen, and worshipping the right God. There are separate chapters on these topics as well as chapters on thought, form and existence, and the moral law. It should (...)
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  14.  36
    The Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]H. R. - 1955 - Review of Metaphysics 9 (1):158-158.
    The author tries to show that modern western science is coherent with past philosophical speculation, both western and eastern. Some of the book's 9 chapters have previously been published in American and Indian journals.--R. H.
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  15. S. Augustine's Confessions with the Continuation of His Life to the End Thereof, Extracted Out of Possidius, and the Father's Own Unquestioned Works. Translated Into English. Augustine, Possidius & H. R. - 1679 - [S.N.].
     
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  16. Mind: An Essay on Human Feeling. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (4):755-755.
    Suzanne Langer's earlier works on the philosophy of art, particularly her Feeling and Form, are the points of departure for this general study of the phenomena of life and mind which she clearly intends to be her magnum opus. This is the first of two volumes, the second volume as yet unpublished. Her main thesis is that the "departure [of man] from the normal pattern of animal mentality is a vast and special evolution of feeling in the hominoid stock". She (...)
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  17. On the Use of Philosophy. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (3):527-527.
    Three short essays on the position of the philosopher and philosophy in modern society. Maritain illuminates the situation of the philosopher in a milieu of conflicting systems. The final essay, which deals with the relation of science and religion, shows evidence of a growing appreciation by Maritain of the aims of modern science.--R. H. K.
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  18. Alciphron II 4, 8.H. R. - 1867 - Hermes 2 (2):251.
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  19. Book Review. [REVIEW]H. R. - 1964 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 84 (2):209.
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  20. Droit.H. R. H. R. - 1918 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 25:389-404.
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  21. Druckfehler.H. R. - 1876 - Hermes 11 (4):515.
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  22. Discipline militaire.H. R. H. R. - 1917 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 24:355-368.
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  23. Ein Räthsel.H. R. - 1867 - Hermes 2 (2):224.
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  24. Guerre expiatrice.H. R. H. R. - 1917 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 24:603-616.
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  25. Zu Arrians Indica XV 9.H. R. - 1867 - Hermes 2 (2).
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  26.  32
    Charles S. Peirce.H. R. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 36 (1):155-157.
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  27.  31
    On the Sources of Knowledge and Ignorance, From Proceedings of the British Academy, Vol. XLVI. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (4):678-678.
    In this British Academy lecture, Popper argues for a reformulation of epistemological questions. In the past we have asked for the ultimate sources of knowledge and thus begged for authoritarian answers. He charges that this question of origins is relevant to the determination of meaning but not to the determination of truth. The historical sections are often interesting in their own right, especially those on the conspiracy theory of ignorance.--R. H. K.
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  28.  30
    Greek Mathematical Thought and the Origin of Algebra. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):132-132.
    This is a translation of Jacob Klein's study "Die Griechische Logistik und die Entstehung der Algebra" which appeared in 1934-1936. His principal thesis is that the Renaissance mathematicians of the sixteenth century did not simply continue the work of the Greek and Arab mathematicians but in the process of developing ancient mathematics introduced a radically new conception of number which has since guided modern mathematical thought. The central figure in this revolution is Vieta. Klein traces the influence of Vieta's ideas (...)
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  29.  24
    Science in a Free Society. [REVIEW]H. S. R. - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (2):383-385.
    Science in a Free Society is the sequel to Feyerabend's earlier iconoclastic, provocative book, Against Method. As he states in the preface: "Like the earlier book this volume has one aim: to remove obstacles intellectuals and specialists create for traditions different from their own and to prepare the removal of the specialists themselves from the life centers of society". The book is divided into three parts: Part 1 resumes the argument presented in Against Method; part 2 extends the implications of (...)
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  30.  29
    Philosophical Logic. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):754-755.
    Many of the papers in this volume originated in a colloquium at the University of Western Ontario in 1967. These include a paper on the logic of norms by G. H. Von Wright, a paper on the logic of questions by L. Åqvist, a paper on the logic of belief by W. Sellars, and a paper on inductive logic by R. Ackermann. The commentaries by Anderson and Sosa have been revised for the volume and a further commentary to Ackermann's paper (...)
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  31.  29
    Unified Symbolism For World Understanding in Science. [REVIEW]H. R. - 1955 - Review of Metaphysics 9 (2):363-363.
    A detailed account of a recently proposed pictorial language for international communication, together with some papers on the nature and consequences of cybernetics.--R. H.
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  32.  28
    The Nature of Philosophy. [REVIEW]H. R. - 1955 - Review of Metaphysics 9 (2):361-361.
    An interesting book, offering a forceful criticism of some classical and modern traditions in philosophy, especially of speculative idealism, phenomenology, and existentialism. The argument is not so much an attack on the explicit theories of these traditions as it is a criticism of their underlying assumptions about the purpose and limits of philosophizing itself. For the author this purpose has been and must always be the clarification of "confusions," as against the discovery of ultimate truths about reality.--R. H.
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  33.  27
    Time, Change and Contradiction. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):569-569.
    In this Eddington Memorial lecture, Von Wright distinguishes two points of view from which a logician may study time. The one focuses interest on the order of temporal events and the macro-aspect of time, its flow from an indefinitely remote past through the present to an indefinitely remote future. The other focuses attention on the micro-aspect of time, the nature of the time medium, on questions of whether time is discrete or infinitely divisible or the internal structure of limited time (...)
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  34.  27
    The Mind of Santayana. [REVIEW]H. R. - 1956 - Review of Metaphysics 9 (3):517-517.
    Fr. Butler centers attention on Santayana's doctrine of essence, seen as the expression of a total outlook on life, as well as of a theory of knowledge. The basic criticism is that Santayana's scepticism and "essentialism" arise from a self-defeating doubt about the existence of knowledge.--R. H.
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  35.  27
    The Value Judgment. [REVIEW]H. R. - 1956 - Review of Metaphysics 9 (3):520-520.
    An independent attempt to discover the standards of judging goodness and right, based on a description of the ways in which such judgments arise in economics and law. The approach and outcome are generally Kantian, and the author concludes with an effort to reconcile the claims of causality and freedom.--R. H.
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  36.  26
    Mathematical Epistemology and Psychology. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (2):372-373.
    When in 1950, the distinguished psychologist, Jean Piaget, published a book on the relation of logic and psychology, the book was severely criticized in the journal Methodos by the logician E. V. Beth. Piaget asked to get together with Beth to discuss the issues involved. The result, over 15 years later, is the present book. Beth is the author of the first half in which he defends the complete autonomy of logic in relation to psychology by means of a partly (...)
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  37.  26
    On the Use of Philosophy. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (3):527-527.
    Three short essays on the position of the philosopher and philosophy in modern society. Maritain illuminates the situation of the philosopher in a milieu of conflicting systems. The final essay, which deals with the relation of science and religion, shows evidence of a growing appreciation by Maritain of the aims of modern science.--R. H. K.
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  38.  25
    An Introduction to Modal Logic. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):739-740.
    A comprehensive introduction to modal logic is long overdue and this one has many virtues. It is clearly written and should be accessible to any student who has at least one semester of basic logic and is willing to read carefully and think abstractly. The first part, on modal propositional logic, begins with a summary account of classical propositional logic, the axiomatization of Principia Mathematica being the basis for the development of modal logics throughout the book. The transition to modal (...)
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  39.  24
    Studies in the Methodology and Foundations of Science. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):749-749.
    This collection contains twenty-three papers published by Suppes over the last eighteen years. For the most part they are foundational studies ranging over a wide variety of topics in the philosophy of science. The first two of four parts contain papers on methodological issues like models, measurement, probability and utility. There are two papers on models, an axiomatic treatment of extensive quantity and two papers on measurement. The six papers in Part II deal with probability theory and decision theory with (...)
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  40.  24
    Soviet Russian Dialectical Materialism. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (2):379-379.
    The fact that this study of Russian dialectical materialism originally appeared before the demotion of Stalin should not be allowed to obscure its value as a source book in the development of dialectical materialism in the U.S.S.R. The author notes its limitations in the preface to the second edition and remedies the situation somewhat in a second appendix with an account of significant developments from 1950 to 1958. Each of the two major parts of the main text, the first historical (...)
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  41. The Age of Enlightenment: The Eighteenth Century Philosophers. [REVIEW]H. R. - 1956 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (1):187-187.
    Shows the Enlightenment concern with human affairs, and in particular with the problem of human knowledge, by extensive selections from Locke's Essay, and the Treatises of Berkeley and Hume. The editor's comments point out major confusions and errors, and aid the reader in understanding the selections in their own terms.--R. H.
     
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  42.  23
    Frege's Logical Theory. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (3):579-580.
    This book is far more than an exposition of Frege's logical system and semantic concepts, although it is that. The author puts forward the challenging thesis that in trying to cope with Russell's paradox Frege deserted principles of his system which he had relied on throughout. Sternfeld attempts to show, by offering his own interpretation of Frege's logical theory, that if Frege had relied consistently on his previously formulated logical principles, Russell's paradox would have given him no trouble. Further, he (...)
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  43.  23
    Probability and Inductive Logic. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (4):748-748.
    For a helpful presentation of the various views on probability and inductive logic as well as a thorough survey of the present literature on these topics, one could hardly do better than this work. Kyburg presents, in separate chapters, classical, frequency, logical, subjectivist and epistemological theories of probability, referring to major classical and contemporary works where each of these views is defended. He presents the common criticisms of each view as well as some criticisms of his own and brings out (...)
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  44.  23
    Pilgrimage to Humanity. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (4):679-680.
    The translator has collected passages from the varied corpus of Schweitzer's writing and has pieced them together into a brief but impressive sketch of the man and the thinker. Some sections are autobiographical; others contain Schweitzer's thoughts on Africa, world peace, on Goethe and Bach among historical figures, and a few of his basic philosophical ideas. An index provides references to the original works.--R. H. K.
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  45.  23
    The Dogmatic Principles of Soviet Philosophy. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (2):379-379.
    In this very brief space the author summarizes in the form of a succession of theses, all but the purely historical sections of Osnovy Marksistskoj Filosofii, the 1958 text of Soviet Marxist Philosophy published by the Institute of Philosophy and the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union. For specialists, this synopsis cannot replace the original text, as yet untranslated into English, but it will provide for the general reader an excellent summary of what is currently, in the author's words, (...)
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  46.  18
    Conflicting Appearances. [REVIEW]H. R. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (3):596-597.
    Arguments from conflicting appearances are almost as ancient as philosophy itself, and in a sense the whole thrust of Burnyeat's essay is to emphasize the curious fact of the continual appearance of such arguments throughout the history of philosophy. The premise of conflicting appearances has led on the one hand to relativistic views of knowledge and sometimes beyond these to skepticism. On the other hand, however, the same premise drove Plato to the conclusion that knowledge could never be perceptual, and (...)
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  47.  18
    Linguistic Frameworks and Ontology: A Reexamination of Carnap’s Metaphilosophy. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1979 - Review of Metaphysics 33 (2):440-441.
    The author attempts to extract from Carnap’s writings a coherent theory of the nature of philosophical questions and then tries to defend this theory against criticism from various quarters. Special attention is given in the middle chapters to the alternative views of Quine on ontological questions and ontological commitment and to Quine’s criticisms of related Carnapian views.
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  48.  22
    Recursive Analysis. [REVIEW]H. T. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (1):174-174.
    A development of a constructive fragment of analysis: "constructive" in the strong sense that instead of, say, Cauchy sequences, it deals only with recursive sequences of rationals which can be recursively shown to converge. Analogues of classical subjects such as continuity and differentiability are explored in detail. The book presupposes familiarity with both classical analysis and the theory of recursive functions.—R. H. T.
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  49.  22
    Statistical and Inductive Probabilities. [REVIEW]H. T. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (1):179-179.
    A careful presentation of the foundations of probability theory, containing many valuable innovations. Two accounts of probability are adduced: probability as a measure on the subsets of a probability set, and as a measure on the sentences of a formal language. The book stresses connections between these two accounts; of particular interest is its thesis that statistical probabilities may be regarded as estimates of inductive probabilities.—R. H. T.
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  50.  22
    Understanding Physics Today. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (3):483-483.
    A physicist searches for models with which to interpret the idea of atomicity in modern physical theory. He favors a notion of atomic connexions over traditional particle and wave interpretations. The implications of physical theory, it is argued, cannot be understood without a familiarity with the mathematical tools, and in particular the experimental procedures of physicists. This is not a crude operationalism but a simple statement of the thesis that much writing in the philosophy of science is of less value (...)
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