Results for 'R. L. Berghmans'

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  1.  85
    Advance Directives for Non-Therapeutic Dementia Research: Some Ethical and Policy Considerations.R. L. Berghmans - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (1):32-37.
    This paper explores the use of advance directives in clinical dementia research. The focus is on advance consent to participation of demented patients in non-therapeutic research involving more than minimal risks and/or burdens. First, morally relevant differences between advance directives for treatment and care, and advance directives for dementia research are discussed. Then attention is paid to the philosophical issue of dementia and personal identity, and the implications for the moral authority of research advance directives. Thirdly, a number of practical (...)
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  2.  17
    To Die or Not to Die.R. L. Berghmans - 2011 - Nursing Ethics 18 (6):863-864.
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  3.  40
    Ethical Guidance on Human Embryonic and Fetal Tissue Transplantation: A European Overview.G. de Wert, R. L. P. Berghmans, G. J. Boer, S. Andersen, B. Brambati, A. S. Carvalho, K. Dierickx, S. Elliston, P. Nunez, W. Osswald & M. Vicari - 2002 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (1):79-90.
    This article presents an overview ofregulations, guidelines and societal debates ineight member states of the EC about a)embryonic and fetal tissue transplantation(EFTT), and b) the use of human embryonic stemcells (hES cells) for research into celltherapy, including `therapeutic' cloning. Thereappears to be a broad acceptance of EFTT inthese countries. In most countries guidance hasbeen developed. There is a `strong' consensusabout some of the central conditions for `goodclinical practice' regarding EFTT.International differences concern, amongstothers, some of the informed consent issuesinvolved, and the (...)
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  4. Abel, Peter W., 193 Aerts, Goele, 1 Aida, Katsumi, 257 Amano, Masafumi, 251, 300.Yutaka Amemiya, Noriko Amiya, Hironori Ando, L. Anjos, Wayne L. Bacon, R. Balment, Veerle Beck, Luc R. Berghman, A. Lelania Bilodeau & Adelino Vm Canario - 2005 - In Alan F. Blackwell & David MacKay (eds.), Power. Cambridge University Press. pp. 57.
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  5.  23
    The Lonely Crowd: A Study of the Changing American Character. By R. L. Meier and E. C. Banfield.R. L. Meier - 1951 - Ethics 62 (2):135-136.
  6.  26
    God, Christ and Possibilities: R. L. STURCH.R. L. Sturch - 1980 - Religious Studies 16 (1):81-84.
    I propose to begin with some fairly unexciting and uncontroversial remarks about possibility-statements, and then in their light to examine two problems philosophers have raised about certain statements of this kind which might be made in Christian theology where it touches on the doctrine of the Incarnation.
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  7.  29
    The Problem of the Divine Eternity: R. L. STURCH.R. L. Sturch - 1974 - Religious Studies 10 (4):487-493.
    The ‘traditional’ view among philosophical theologians, that God is eternal not merely in the sense of being everlasting but in the sense of being outside time altogether, has come under sharp criticism in recent years, both from biblical theologians and from philosophers. It is against the latter form of attack, particularly as represented by the detailed criticisms of Professor Nelson Pike, that I wish to try and defend the notion of a divine timelessness.
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  8.  36
    Global Religion: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1994 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 36:113-128.
    The social and environmental problems that we face at this tail end of twentieth-century progress require us to identify some cause, some spirit that transcends the petty limits of our time and place. It is easy to believe that there is no crisis. We have been told too often that the oceans will soon die, the air be poisonous, our energy reserves run dry; that the world will grow warmer, coastlands be flooded and the climate change; that plague, famine and (...)
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  9.  10
    God and Probability: R. L. STURCH.R. L. Sturch - 1972 - Religious Studies 8 (4):351-354.
    Mr D. H. Mellor, in his article of this title in Religious Studies , Vol. 5 , distinguishes three senses of words such as ‘probable’ which might be used in a religious context, especially in that of attempted theistic proofs: statistical, subjective, and inductive probability. In each case he concludes that it is misleading to use these words in such contexts at all. With his discussion of the second I do not wish to quarrel; but there seem to me to (...)
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  10.  91
    Therapy and Theory Reconstructed: Plato and His Successors: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 2010 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 66:83-102.
    When we speak of philosophy and therapy, or of philosophy as therapy, the usual intent is to suggest that ‘philosophizing’ is or should be a way to clarify the mind or purify the soul. While there may be little point in arguing with psychoses or deeply-embedded neuroses our more ordinary misjudgements, biases and obsessions may be alleviated, at least, by trying to ‘see things clearly and to see them whole’, by carefully identifying premises and seeing what they – rationally – (...)
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  11.  34
    Sexual Ontology and Group Marriage: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1983 - Philosophy 58 (224):215-227.
    Philosophers of earlier ages have usually spent time in considering thenature of marital, and in general familial, duty. Paley devotes an entire book to those ‘relative duties which result from the constitution of the sexes’,1 a book notable on the one hand for its humanity and on the other for Paley‘s strange refusal to acknowledge that the evils for which he condemns any breach of pure monogamy are in large part the result of the fact that such breaches are generally (...)
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  12.  32
    Orwell and the Anti-Realists: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1992 - Philosophy 67 (260):141-154.
    The purpose of Newspeak was not only to provide a medium of expression for the world-view and mental habits proper to the devotees of Ingsoc, but to make all other modes of thought impossible.
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  13.  20
    Religion and Religions1: R. L. FRANKLIN.R. L. Franklin - 1974 - Religious Studies 10 (4):419-431.
    When philosophers approach philosophy of religion, they typically ask two questions: are there any sound arguments to prove the existence of God; and is talk about God even rationally intelligible? Theologians, for their part, primarily expound the meaning and relevance of Christianity. I am by profession a philosopher, but apart from Secs. VI and VII I am here writing as a puzzled twentieth-century man. My prime worry is whether we philosophers and theologians are beginning with the right questions.
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  14.  41
    How Many Selves Make Me?1: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1991 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 29:213-233.
    Cartesian accounts of the mental make it axiomatic that consciousness is transparent: what I feel, I know I feel, however many errors I may make about its cause. ‘I’ names a simple, unextended, irreducible substance, created ex nihilo or eternally existent, and only associated with the complete, extended, dissoluble substance or pretend-substance that is ‘my’ body by divine fiat. Good moderns take it for granted that ‘we’ now realize how shifting, foggy and deconstructible are the boundaries of the self; ‘we’ (...)
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  15.  54
    Medical Ethics Needs a New View of Autonomy.R. L. Walker - 2008 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (6):594-608.
    The notion of autonomy commonly employed in medical ethics literature and practices is inadequate on three fronts: it fails to properly identify nonautonomous actions and choices, it gives a false account of which features of actions and choices makes them autonomous or nonautonomous, and it provides no grounds for the moral requirement to respect autonomy. In this paper I offer a more adequate framework for how to think about autonomy, but this framework does not lend itself to the kinds of (...)
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  16.  33
    A Science of Pure Consciousness?: R. L. FRANKLIN.R. L. Franklin - 1983 - Religious Studies 19 (2):185-204.
    I have come to believe that the whole framework of our current thought is about to begin a long and radical transformation, based on what I shall call a new science of pure consciousness. The content of most of the matters to be considered by this science have hitherto been the concern of some areas of religion, particularly what in our culture we call ‘mysticism’; but the treatment of it would legitimately be called scientific. Thus one aspect of the transformation (...)
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  17.  23
    Slaves and Citizens: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1985 - Philosophy 60 (231):27-46.
    R. M. Hare has argued 1 that there are conceivable circumstances in which it would be right not to abolish the institution of slavery: in the imaginary land of Juba established slave-plantations are managed by a benevolent elite for the good of all, no ‘cruel or unusual ’ punishments are in use, and citizens of the neighbouring island of Camaica, ‘free ’but impoverished, regularly seek to become slaves. Hare adds that it is unlikely, given human nature, that ‘masters ’would treat (...)
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  18.  27
    Non-Personal Minds: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 2003 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 53:185-209.
    Persons are creatures with a range of personal capacities. Most known to us are also people, though nothing in observation or biological theory demands that all and only people are persons, nor even that persons, any more than people, constitute a natural kind. My aim is to consider what non-personal minds are like. Darwin's Earthworms are sensitive, passionate and, in their degree, intelligent. They may even construct maps, embedded in the world they perceive around them, so as to be able (...)
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  19.  23
    The Better Part: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1993 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 35:29-49.
    According to Aristotle, the goal of anyone who is not simply stupid or slavish is to live a worthwhile life. There are, no doubt, people who have no goal at all beyond the moment's pleasure or release from pain. There may be people incapable of reaching any reasoned decision about what to do, and acting on it. But anyone who asks how she should live implicitly agrees that her goal is to live well, to live a life that she can (...)
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  20.  40
    Parts Outweigh the Whole (Word) in Unconscious Analysis of Meaning.R. L. Abrams & Anthony G. Greenwald - 2000 - Psychological Science 11 (2):118-124.
  21.  49
    Illusion in Nature and Art.R. L. Gregory & E. H. Gombrich - 1975 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 34 (2):213-215.
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  22.  25
    Abstract Morality, Concrete Cases: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1987 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 22:35-53.
    Practitioners of disciplines whose problems are debated by moral philosophers regularly complain that the philosophers are engaged in abstract speculation, divorced from ‘real-life’ consequences and responsibilities, that it is the practitioners who must take the decisions, and that they cannot act in accordance with strict abstract logic.
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  23.  23
    Descartes' Debt to Augustine: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1992 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 32:73-88.
    Jonathan Edwards identified the central act of faith as ‘the cordial consent of beings to Being in general’, which is to say to God . That equation, of Being, Truth and God, is rarely taken seriously in analytical circles. My argument will be that this is to neglect the real context of a great deal of past philosophy, particularly the very Cartesian arguments from which so many undergraduate courses begin. All too many students issue from such courses immunized against enthusiasm, (...)
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  24.  32
    How to Become Unconscious: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 2010 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 67:21-44.
    Consistent materialists are almost bound to suggest that ‘conscious experience’, if it exists at all, is no more than epiphenomenal. A correct understanding of the real requires that everything we do and say is no more than a product of whatever processes are best described by physics, without any privileged place, person, time or scale of action. Consciousness is a myth, or at least a figment. Plotinus was no materialist: for him, it is Soul and Intellect that are more real (...)
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  25.  42
    Plotinus: Charms and Countercharms: Stephen R.L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 2009 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 65:215-231.
    For the last few years, thanks to the Leverhulme Trust, I've been largely absent from my department, working on the late antique philosopher Plotinus. To speak personally – it's been a difficult few years, since my youngest daughter has been afflicted with anorexia during this period, and my own bowel cancer was discovered, serendipitously, and removed, at the end of 2005. Since then I've had ample occasion to consider the importance – and the difficulty – of the practice of detachment, (...)
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  26.  13
    Thinking About How and Why to Think 1: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1996 - Philosophy 71 (277):385-403.
    1. Believing Enough to Think The Scottish system of university education requires most aspirants to an Ordinary Degree to study some philosophy. Philosophers in Scottish Universities must therefore contend with enormous first-year classes, stocked with youngsters who have little real desire to be philosophers, or even to philosophize. Some years ago, at Glasgow, a question in the final exam was as follows: ‘“Philosophy is of no use, and so should not be studied.” Discuss’. A couple of hundred students answered, more (...)
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  27.  31
    The Limits of Explanation: Limited Explanations: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1990 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 27:195-210.
    When I was first approached to read a paper at the conference from which this volume takes its beginning I expected that Flint Schier, with whom I had taught a course on the Philosophy of Biology in my years at Glasgow, would be with us to comment and to criticize. I cannot let this occasion pass without expressing once again my own sense of loss. I am sure that we would all have gained by his presence, and hope that he (...)
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  28.  13
    Tools, Machines and Marvels: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1995 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 38:159-176.
    Technology, according to Derry and Williams's Short History , ‘comprises all that bewilderingly varied body of knowledge and devices by which man progressively masters his natural environment’. Their casual, and unconscious, sexism is not unrelated to my present topic. Women enter the story as spinners, burden bearers and, at long last, typists. ‘The tying of a bundle on the back or the dragging of it along upon the outspread twigs of a convenient branch are contributions [and by implication the only (...)
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  29.  41
    Where Have All the Angels Gone?1: STEPHEN R. L. CLARK.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (2):221-234.
    Anyone who wishes to talk about angels has to respond to the mocking question, how many of them can dance on the point of a pin. The answer is: ‘just as many as they please’. Angels being immaterial intellects do not occupy space to the exclusion of any other such intellectual substance, and their being ‘on’ the point of a pin can only mean that they attend to it. The question, however, is not one that concerned our mediaeval predecessors, although (...)
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  30.  21
    World Religions and World Orders: STEPHEN R. L. CLARK.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1990 - Religious Studies 26 (1):43-57.
    There are good reasons for being suspicious of the very concept of ‘a religion’, let alone a ‘world religion’. It may be useful for a hospital administrator to know a patient's ‘religion’ – as Protestant or Church of England or Catholic or Buddhist – but such labels clearly do little more than identify the most suitable chaplain, and connote groupings in the vast and confusing region of ‘religious thought and practice’ that are of very different ranks. By any rational, genealogical (...)
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  31.  17
    Denumerable Models of Complete Theories.R. L. Vaught, Lars Svenonius, Erwin Engeler & Gebhard Fukrken - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (2):342-344.
  32.  11
    The Dislocation Distribution in Face-Centred Cubic Metals After Fatigue.R. L. Segall, P. G. Partridge & P. B. Hirsch - 1961 - Philosophical Magazine 6 (72):1493-1513.
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  33.  27
    On the Restricted Ordinal Theorem.R. L. Goodstein - 1944 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 9 (2):33-41.
  34.  88
    Does Quantum Mechanics Disprove the Principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles?R. L. Barnette - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (3):466-470.
  35. Sentences True in All Constructive Models.R. L. Vaught - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (1):39-53.
  36.  45
    Knowledge, Belief and Understanding.R. L. Franklin - 1981 - Philosophical Quarterly 31 (124):193-208.
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  37. Genetic Testing: A Conceptual Exploration.R. L. Zimmern - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (2):151-156.
    This paper attempts to explore a number of conceptual issues surrounding genetic testing. It looks at the meaning of the terms, genetic information and genetic testing in relation to the definition set out by the Advisory Committee on Genetic Testing in the UK, and by the Task Force on Genetic Testing in the USA. It argues that the special arrangements that may be required for the regulation of genetic tests should not be determined by reference to the nature or technology (...)
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  38. The Moral Status of Animals.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1977 - Oxford University Press.
  39.  9
    Dislocation Arrangements in Aluminium Deformed in Tension or by Fatigue.R. L. Segall & P. G. Partridge - 1959 - Philosophical Magazine 4 (44):912-919.
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  40.  17
    Implementing Mathematics with the Nuprl Proof Development System.R. L. Constable, S. F. Allen, H. M. Bromley, W. R. Cleaveland, J. F. Cremer & R. W. Harper - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (3):1299-1302.
  41.  20
    Recursive Number Theory. A Development of Recursive Arithmetic in a Logic-Free Equation Calculus.R. L. Goodstein - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (2):227-228.
  42. Politics Proper: On Action and Prudence.R. L. Nichols & D. M. White - 1979 - Ethics 89 (4):372-384.
  43.  3
    Influence of Oxidizing and Reducing Treatments on Vacancy Clustering in Gold.R. L. Segall & L. M. Clarebrough - 1964 - Philosophical Magazine 9 (101):865-877.
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  44.  54
    'Short on Heroics': Jason in the Argonautica.R. L. Hunter - 1988 - Classical Quarterly 38 (02):436-.
    ‘Jason…chosen leader because his superior declines the honour, subordinate to his comrades, except once, in every trial of strength, skill, or courage, a great warrior only with the help of magical charms, jealous of honour but incapable of asserting it, passive in the face of crisis, timid and confused before trouble, tearful at insult, easily despondent, gracefully treacherous in his dealings with the love-sick Medea but cowering before her later threats and curses, coldly efficient in the time-serving murder of an (...)
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  45.  35
    On Understanding.R. L. Franklin - 1983 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 43 (3):307-328.
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  46.  7
    Function Theory in an Axiom-Free Equation Calculus.R. L. Goodstein - 1946 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 11 (1):24-26.
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  47.  9
    Recursive Analysis.R. L. Goodstein - 1961 - Dover Publications.
    This graduate-level_text by a master in the field builds a function theory of the rational field that combines aspects of classical and intuitionist analysis. Topics include recursive convergence, recursive and relative continuity, recursive and relative differentiability, the relative integral, elementary functions, and transfinite ordinals. 1961 edition.
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  48.  14
    A Löwenheim-Skolem Theorem for Cardinals for Apart.R. L. Vaught, J. W. Addison, Leon Henkin & Alfred Tarski - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (3):476-477.
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  49.  17
    On the Formalisation of Indirect Discourse.R. L. Goodstein - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (4):417-419.
  50.  35
    Walter Benjamin and the Dispersion of Cinema.R. L. Rutsky - 2007 - Symploke 15 (1):8-23.
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