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Ronald P. Loui [12]R. P. Loui [8]Ronald Loui [2]Ronald Prescott Loui [2]
Ron Loui [2]R. Loui [2]
  1. Logical Models of Argument.Ronald Prescott Loui, Carlos Ivan Ches~Nevar & Ana Gabriela Maguitman - unknown
    Logical models of argument formalize commonsense reasoning while taking process and computation seriously. This survey discusses the main ideas which characterize di erent logical models of argument. It presents the formal features of a few main approaches to the modeling of argumentation. We trace the evolution of argumentationfrom the mid-80's, when argumentsystems emerged as an alternative to nonmonotonic formalisms based on classical logic, to the present, as argument is embedded in di erent complex systems for real-world applications, and allows more (...)
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  2.  71
    A History of AI and Law in 50 Papers: 25 Years of the International Conference on AI and Law. [REVIEW]Trevor Bench-Capon, Michał Araszkiewicz, Kevin Ashley, Katie Atkinson, Floris Bex, Filipe Borges, Daniele Bourcier, Paul Bourgine, Jack G. Conrad, Enrico Francesconi, Thomas F. Gordon, Guido Governatori, Jochen L. Leidner, David D. Lewis, Ronald P. Loui, L. Thorne McCarty, Henry Prakken, Frank Schilder, Erich Schweighofer, Paul Thompson, Alex Tyrrell, Bart Verheij, Douglas N. Walton & Adam Z. Wyner - 2012 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 20 (3):215-319.
    We provide a retrospective of 25 years of the International Conference on AI and Law, which was first held in 1987. Fifty papers have been selected from the thirteen conferences and each of them is described in a short subsection individually written by one of the 24 authors. These subsections attempt to place the paper discussed in the context of the development of AI and Law, while often offering some personal reactions and reflections. As a whole, the subsections build into (...)
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  3.  48
    Rationales and Argument Moves.R. P. Loui & Jeff Norman - 1995 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 3 (3):159-189.
    We discuss five kinds of representations of rationales and provide a formal account of how they can alter disputation. The formal model of disputation is derived from recent work in argument. The five kinds of rationales are compilation rationales, which can be represented without assuming domain-knowledge (such as utilities) beyond that normally required for argument. The principal thesis is that such rationales can be analyzed in a framework of argument not too different from what AI already has. The result is (...)
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  4. Hart's Critics On Defeasible Concepts and Ascriptivism.Ronald P. Loui - unknown
    Hart's "Ascription of Responsibility and Rights" is where we find perhaps the first clear pronouncement of defeasibility and the technical introduction of the term. The paper has been criticised, disavowed, and never quite fully redeemed. Its lurid history is now being used as an excuse for dismissing the importance of defeasibility.
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  5. An Argument Game.Ronald Loui - unknown
    This game3 was designed to investigate protocols and strategies for resourcebounded disputation. The rules presented here correspond very closely to the problem of controlling search in an actual program. The computer program on which the game is based is LMNOP. It is a LISP system designed to produce arguments and counterarguments from a set of statutory rules and a corpus of precedents, and applied to legal and quasi-legal reasoning. LMNOP was co-designed by a researcher in AI knowledge representation and by (...)
     
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  6.  29
    Response to Hanks and McDermott: Temporal Evolution of Beliefs and Beliefs About Temporal Evolution.Ronald P. Loui - 1987 - Cognitive Science 11 (3):283-297.
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  7.  9
    A Citation-Based Reflection on Toulmin and Argument.Ronald P. Loui - 2005 - Argumentation 19 (3):259-266.
  8.  70
    Nozick's Acceptance Rule and the Lottery Paradox.R. P. Loui - 1987 - Analysis 47 (4):213 - 216.
  9.  27
    Decisions with Indeterminate Probabilities.Ronald P. Loui - 1986 - Theory and Decision 21 (3):283-309.
  10.  16
    Prakken Henry. Logical Tools for Modelling Legal Argument. A Study of Defeasible Reasoning in Law. Law and Philosophy Library, Vol. 32. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, and London, 1997, Xiii + 314 Pp. [REVIEW]R. P. Loui - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (4):1840-1841.
  11. Concepts and Ascriptivism.Ronald P. Loui - unknown
    Hart’s "Ascription of Responsibility and Rights" is where we find perhaps the first clear pronouncement of defeasibility and the technical introduction of the term. The paper has been criticised, disavowed, and never quite fully redeemed. Its lurid history is now being used as an excuse for dismissing the importance of defeasibility.
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  12.  19
    Book Review. [REVIEW]Ronald P. Loui & David B. Skalak - 1995 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 3 (1-2):143-150.
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  13.  37
    Jaap Hage, Reasoning with Rules: An Essay on Legal Reasoning and its Underlying Logic. Law and Philosophy Library. [REVIEW]Ronald P. Loui - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 8 (4):353-358.
  14.  38
    How a Formal Theory of Rationality Can Be Normative.R. P. Loui - 1993 - Journal of Philosophy 60 (3):137-143.
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  15. Dialectic, Computation, and Ampliative Inference.Ronald P. Loui - 1991 - In Robert C. Cummins (ed.), Philosophy and Ai. Cambridge: MIT Press.
  16.  20
    Argument and Belief: Where We Stand in the Keynesian Tradition. [REVIEW]R. P. Loui - 1991 - Minds and Machines 1 (4):357-365.
    There is the idea that rational belief for a single individual can be constructed via a process of unilateral argument. To preempt antipathy between the AI communities that can claim the idea that rational belief can be so constructed, we trace the idea to the beginning of this century, to Keynes' dispute with Russell over logic and probability. We review how Keynesian ideas were revived in AI's work on non-monotonic reasoning and parallel developments in philosophical logic.
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  17.  19
    Review of H. Prakken, Logical Tools for Modelling Legal Argument. A Study of Defeasible Reasoning in Law[REVIEW]R. P. Loui - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (4):1840-1841.
  18.  8
    Defeasible Specification of Utilities.Ronald Loui - 1990 - In Kyburg Henry E., Loui Ronald P. & Carlson Greg N. (eds.), Knowledge Representation and Defeasible Reasoning. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 345--359.
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  19. Review of Deontic Logic in Computer Science. [REVIEW]Ron Loui - manuscript
    Most of the papers in this collection are from the First International Workshop on Deontic Logic in Computer Science, DEON91, held in Amsterdam in December 1991. AI (especially AI and law, and knowledge representation) and formal system specification are the computer science communities that would seem to be most interested. In fact, this reviewer, a researcher in AI, was surprised to find common ground with a visiting researcher in distributed systems by discussing the contents of this book: he being in (...)
     
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  20. Corrigenda to Poole's Rules and A Lemma of Simari-Loui.R. Loui - unknown
    This note corrects a lemma in the recent paper 1] of one of the authors by rst correcting problems with Poole's rule for speci city of arguments. It also responds to the criticism of Touretzky, et al. 9].
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  21. Report on the Computational Dialectics Workshop.Ron Loui - manuscript
    Dialectic is the fancy word for debate. AI contributes to the logic and processing of argument and uses ideas of argument in its models of communication; as it continues to do this, the computational study of dialectic, like the computational study of argument, is inevitable.
     
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  22. Dialogue and Deliberation.Ronald P. Loui & Diana M. Moore - unknown
    Formal accounts of negotiation tend to invoke the strategic models of conflict which have been impressively developed by game theorists in this half-century. For two decades, however, research on artificial intelligence (AI) has produced a different formal picture of the agent and of the rational deliberations of agents. AI's models are not based simply on intensities of preference and quantities of probability. AI's models consider that agents use language in various ways, that agents use and convey knowledge, that agents plan, (...)
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  23. Departamento de Econom a, Universidad Del Sur, Argentina.Ronald P. Loui - unknown
    Carlos Alchourron was a scholar in the old tradition, with a vast culture and a passion for knowledge. His initial research, with Eugenio Bulygin on Normative Systems ( Alchourron-Bulygin 71]), led him to the realization that legal reasoning is actually representative of a more general kind of reasoning. He subsequently concluded that classical mathematical logic was not appropiate for formalizing this ampliative and non-deterministic kind of reasoning. His line of attack shows clearly in the characteristics of the AGM system of (...)
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  24. Defeasible Reasoning About Utilities and Decision Trees.R. Loui - 1990 - In Kyburg Henry E., Loui Ronald P. & Carlson Greg N. (eds.), Knowledge Representation and Defeasible Reasoning. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 345--359.
  25. How a Formal Theory of Rationality Can Be Normative.R. P. Loui - 1993 - Journal of Philosophy 90 (3):137-143.
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  26. Patricia Bizzell & Bruce Herzberg (Eds.), The Rhetorical Tradition: Readings From Classical Times to the Present Henry Prakken, Logical Tools for Modelling Legal Argument.R. P. Loui - 1995 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 3:143-150.