Results for 'R. Mandel David'

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  1.  47
    Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava, edidit Institutum Papyrologicum Universitatis Lugduno-Batavae, moderantibus M. David, B. A. van Groningen, J. C. van Oven. I. The Warren Papyri. Ed. by M. David, B. A. van Groningen, and J. C. van Oven. Pp. xii + 76, 7 pll. 1941. Gld. 15. E. J. Brill, Leyden.II. Einige Wiener Papyri. Ed. by E. Boswinkel. Pp. viii + 76, 6 pll. 1942. Gld. 15. E. J. Brill, Leyden. III. Some Oxford Papyri. Ed. by E.P. Wegener. A. Text, pp. xxi + 96. 1942. B. Plates . 1948. Gld. 25. E. J. Brill, Leyden. IV. De Herodoti reliquiis in papyris et membranie Aegyptiis servatis. Ed. by A. H. R. E. Paap. Pp. viii + 104. 1948. Gld. 17.50. E. J. Brill, Leyden. V. Recherches sur le Recensement dans l'Égypte romaine . Ed. by M. Humbert and Cl. Préaux. Pp. x + 186, 1 pl. 1952. Gld. 50. E. J. Brill, Leyden.VI. A Family-Archive from Tebtunis. Ed. by B. A. van Groningen. 1950. Pp. xvi + 190. Gld. 40. E. J. Brill, Leyden. [REVIEW]E. G. Turner, M. David, B. A. van Groningen, J. C. van Oven, E. Boswinkel, E. P. Wegener, A. H. R. E. Paap, M. Hombert & Cl Preaux - 1953 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 73:163-164.
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  2.  11
    Instruction in Information Structuring Improves Bayesian Judgment in Intelligence Analysts.David R. Mandel - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  3.  17
    Judgment Dissociation Theory: An Analysis of Differences in Causal, Counterfactual and Covariational Reasoning.David R. Mandel - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (3):419.
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  4.  9
    Do Framing Effects Reveal Irrational Choice?David R. Mandel - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (3):1185-1198.
  5.  39
    The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking.David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.) - 2005 - Routledge.
    It is human nature to wonder how things might have turned out differently--either for the better or for the worse. For the past two decades psychologists have been intrigued by this phenomenon, which they call counterfactual thinking. Specifically, researchers have sought to answer the "big" questions: Why do people have such a strong propensity to generate counterfactuals, and what functions does counterfactual thinking serve? What are the determinants of counterfactual thinking, and what are its adaptive and psychological consequences? This important (...)
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  6.  17
    Violations of Coherence in Subjective Probability: A Representational and Assessment Processes Account.David R. Mandel - 2008 - Cognition 106 (1):130-156.
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  7.  8
    Integration of Contingency Information in Judgments of Cause, Covariation, and Probability.David R. Mandel & Darrin R. Lehman - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (3):269-285.
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  8.  5
    Are Risk Assessments of a Terrorist Attack Coherent?David R. Mandel - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 11 (4):277-288.
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  9.  15
    Debunking the Myth of Value-Neutral Virginity: Toward Truth in Scientific Advertising.David R. Mandel & Philip E. Tetlock - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  10.  65
    Effect of Counterfactual and Factual Thinking on Causal Judgements.David R. Mandel - 2003 - Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):245 – 265.
    The significance of counterfactual thinking in the causal judgement process has been emphasized for nearly two decades, yet no previous research has directly compared the relative effect of thinking counterfactually versus factually on causal judgement. Three experiments examined this comparison by manipulating the task frame used to focus participants' thinking about a target event. Prior to making judgements about causality, preventability, blame, and control, participants were directed to think about a target actor either in counterfactual terms (what the actor could (...)
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  11.  33
    Taboo or Tragic: Effect of Tradeoff Type on Moral Choice, Conflict, and Confidence. [REVIEW]David R. Mandel & Oshin Vartanian - 2008 - Mind and Society 7 (2):215-226.
    Historically, cognitivists considered moral choices to be determined by analytic processes. Recent theories, however, have emphasized the role of intuitive processes in determining moral choices. We propose that the engagement of analytic and intuitive processes is contingent on the type of tradeoff being considered. Specifically, when a tradeoff necessarily violates a moral principle no matter what choice is made, as in tragic tradeoffs, its resolution should result in greater moral conflict and less confidence in choice than when the tradeoff offers (...)
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  12. Counterfactual and Causal Explanation: From Early Theoretical Views to New Frontiers.David R. Mandel - 2005 - In David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.), The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking. Routledge.
     
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  13.  2
    Editorial: Judgment and Decision Making Under Uncertainty: Descriptive, Normative, and Prescriptive Perspectives.David R. Mandel, Gorka Navarrete, Nathan Dieckmann & Jonathan Nelson - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  14.  58
    The Obedience Alibi.David R. Mandel - 1998 - Analyse & Kritik 20 (S 74):94.
    Stanley Milgram's work on obedience to authority is social psychology's most influential contribution to theorizing about Holocaust perpetration. The gist of Milgram's claims is that Holocaust perpetrators were just following orders out of a sense of obligation to their superiors. Milgram, however, never undertook a scholarly analysis of how his obedience experiments related to the Holocaust. The author first discusses the major theoretical limitations of Milgram's position and then examines the implications of Milgram's experimental manipulations for Holocaust theorizing, contrasting a (...)
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  15.  7
    Correcting Judgment Correctives in National Security Intelligence.David R. Mandel & Philip E. Tetlock - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  16.  20
    Differential Focus in Causal and Counterfactual Thinking: Different Possibilities or Different Functions?David R. Mandel - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (5-6):460-461.
    In The Rational Imagination, Byrne proposes a mental models account of why causal and counterfactual thinking often focus on different antecedents. This review critically examines the two central propositions of her account, finding both only weakly defensible. Byrne's account is contrasted with judgment dissociation theory, which offers a functional explanation for differences in the focus of causal and counterfactual thinking.
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  17.  13
    Nested Sets Theory, Full Stop: Explaining Performance on Bayesian Inference Tasks Without Dual-Systems Assumptions.David R. Mandel - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):275-276.
    Consistent with Barbey & Sloman (B&S), it is proposed that performance on Bayesian inference tasks is well explained by nested sets theory (NST). However, contrary to those authors' view, it is proposed that NST does better by dispelling with dual-systems assumptions. This article examines why, and sketches out a series of NST's core principles, which were not previously defined.
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  18.  4
    Cognitive Style and Frame Susceptibility in Decision-Making.David R. Mandel & Irina V. Kapler - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  19.  32
    Forecasted Risk Taking in Youth: Evidence for a Bounded-Rationality Perspective.Mandeep K. Dhami & David R. Mandel - 2012 - Synthese 189 (S1):161-171.
    This research examined whether youth's forecasted risk taking is best predicted by a compensatory (namely, subjective expected utility) or non-compensatory (e.g., single-factor) model. Ninety youth assessed the importance of perceived benefits, importance of perceived drawbacks, subjective probability of benefits, and subjective probability of drawbacks for 16 risky behaviors clustered evenly into recreational and health/safety domains. In both domains, there was strong support for a noncompensatory model in which only the perceived importance of the benefits of engaging in a risky behavior (...)
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  20.  16
    Suicide Terrorism, Moral Relativism, and the Situationist Narrative.David R. Mandel - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (4):373-373.
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  21.  10
    Editorial: Improving Bayesian Reasoning: What Works and Why?David R. Mandel & Gorka Navarrete - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  22.  24
    On the Meaning and Function of Normative Analysis: Conceptual Blur in the Rationality Debate?David R. Mandel - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):686-687.
    The rationality debate centers on the meaning of deviations of decision makers' responses from the predictions/prescriptions of normative models. But for the debate to have significance, the meaning and functions of normative analysis must be clear. Presently, they are not, and the debate's persistence owes much to conceptual blur. An attempt is made here to clarify the concept of normative analysis.
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  23.  10
    Predicting Blame Assignment in a Case of Negligent Harm.David R. Mandel - 2010 - Mind and Society 9 (1):5-17.
    Theories of blame posit that observers consider causality, controllability, and foreseeability when assigning blame to actors. The present study examined which of these factors, either on their own or in interaction, predicted blame assigned to actors in a case of harm caused by negligence. The findings revealed that only causal impact ratings predicted blame. The findings also revealed a novel form of asymmetric discounting: the causal impact of a negligent actor was used to discount blame assigned to an innocent actor, (...)
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  24.  4
    Of Causal and Counterfactual Explanation.David R. Mandel - 2011 - In Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Sarah R. Beck (eds.), Understanding Counterfactuals, Understanding Causation. Oxford University Press. pp. 147.
  25.  1
    Communicating Numeric Quantities in Context: Implications for Decision Science and Rationality Claims.David R. Mandel - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  26. Escape From Reality: Prisoners' Counterfactual Thinking About Crime, Justice, and Punishment.K. Dhami Mandeep, R. Mandel David & A. Souza Karen - 2005 - In David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.), The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking. Routledge.
  27.  25
    Eng, David L. And David Kazanjian, Eds. Loss: The Politics of Mourning. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003. Pp. 448. [REVIEW]N. Mandel, R. J. Golsan & R. Larson - 2003 - Substance 32 (3):175-179.
  28.  10
    Horizons of a Philosopher: Essays in Honor of David Baumgardt. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):823-823.
    A collection of essays by a group of international scholars from Israel, England, the United States, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Sweden, and Argentina testify to the humane influence of Baumgardt. There is little that unites the subject matter of these essays and only one deals explicitly with the thought of Baumgardt. A bibliography of Baumgardt's writings is included.—R. J. B.
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  29.  7
    David Hume. [REVIEW]F. T. R. - 1959 - Review of Metaphysics 12 (3):486-486.
    Basson's introduction to Hume follows the pattern which has led to successful treatments of Aquinas and Kant in this series: he limits himself almost exclusively to exposition and minimal criticism, apparently assuming that the reader will not be able to obtain or to follow the original text.--R. F. T.
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  30.  7
    Human Understanding: Studies in the Philosophy of David Hume. [REVIEW]J. W. R. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (4):781-782.
    Intended to complement the reading of Hume's own works in a philosophy course, this is a collection of recent journal articles on Hume's thought and relevant philosophical problems. Included are essays by Flew, Price, Strawson, Broad, Gasking, Penelhum, and Popper. This book should prove useful in making readily available discussions relating Hume's philosophy to contemporary problems.—R. J. W.
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  31.  17
    Dante, Chaucer, and the Currency of the Word: Money, Images, and Reference in Late Medieval Poetry. R. A. Shoaf.Alfred David - 1986 - Speculum 61 (2):468-470.
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  32.  9
    Scientists Are Human by David Lindsay Watson. [REVIEW]M. R. - 1940 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 31:466-467.
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  33.  11
    Book Review:The Life of Jesus Critically Examined. David Friedrich Strauss. [REVIEW]M. W. R. - 1893 - Ethics 4 (1):131-.
  34. Human Territoriality. Its Theory and History. By Robert David Sack. [REVIEW]G. R. G. R. - 1987 - History and Theory 26 (3):382.
     
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  35.  16
    Justice and Punishment. [REVIEW]E. C. R. - 1978 - Review of Metaphysics 31 (4):667-669.
    The nine essays in this volume resulted from a symposium on "criminal justice and punishment" at the University of Nebraska at Omaha, in response to concerns about the workability and defensibility of any system of punishment. Among the contributors are Professors of Philosophy, Law, and Government, and the executive director of a Law Enforcement Commission. What emerges as the central focus of the book is a predominant interest in "retributivism." As J. B. Cederblom writes in the introduction, the retributive or (...)
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  36.  14
    Parva Naturalia. [REVIEW]W. R. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (3):535-535.
    Sir David Ross, now nearing his eightieth birthday has published another of his valuable critical texts, provided, like its predecessors, with a commentary. He has made full use of the contributions of Drossaert Lulofs, Forster and Nuyens, at the same time judging them with an independent mind and adding views and arguments of his own. This book greatly facilitates the study of these physiological-psychological treatises which form so indispensable a supplement to the De Anima. --R. W.
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  37.  12
    De Anima. [REVIEW]W. R. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (3):534-534.
    Conformably to the practice of the series to which this edition belongs, the critical apparatus accompanying the Greek text is simplified, reporting only the readings of the six oldest manuscripts, except for eighteen passages on which the readings are given more fully, as samples. In his Latin preface Sir David briefly evaluates the Greek commentators and reports the contributions of the Western editors, particularly Torstrik. In the text he proposes a number of readings of his own, and his edition (...)
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  38.  11
    The Logical Way of Doing Things. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):753-753.
    The essays in philosophical logic collected in this volume are dedicated to Henry S. Leonard who was one of the first American philosophers to urge the application of modern logic to non-mathematical areas. Leonard also inspired the development of certain areas of contemporary philosophical logic discussed in some of the papers of this volume. This is especially clear in the case of free, or presupposition free, logics which Leonard's early work on a logic of existence inspired. In one essay of (...)
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  39.  25
    Counterfactuals, Emotions, and Context.David Mandel - 2003 - Cognition and Emotion 17 (1):139-159.
  40.  5
    The Wisconsin Assets and Incomes Studies Archive.R. A. Bauman, M. H. David & R. F. Miller - 1967 - Social Science Information 6 (6):49-70.
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  41.  5
    Bioaesthetics: Aesthetic Experience and the Evolution of Man.David Mandel - 1979 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 13 (3):115.
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  42.  5
    Changing Art, Changing Man.David Mandel - 1970 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 28 (3):402-402.
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  43.  49
    Gendering the Divine: New Forms of Feminine Hindu Worship. [REVIEW]Ann R. David - 2009 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 13 (3):337-355.
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  44.  9
    Some Results on Higher Suslin Trees.R. David - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (2):526-536.
  45. Review: Michael R. Garey, David S. Johnson, Computers and Intractability. A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness. [REVIEW]Harry R. Lewis - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (2):498-500.
  46. Minds in the Making Essays in Honor of David R. Olson.David R. Olson & Janet W. Astington - 2000
     
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  47.  13
    David Boucher: "The Social and Political Thought of R. G. Collingwood". [REVIEW]Matti Häyry - 1994 - Idealistic Studies 24:283.
    Although interest in the philosophy of the Oxford idealist Robin George Collingwood has been growing steadily during the past two decades, his political thought has up until now been all but forgotten. David Boucher in his book The Social and Political Thought of R. G. Collingwood has set out to rectify the situation by attempting to show that Collingwood’s political philosophy as well as his more widely recognized views on history and aesthetics deserve some serious attention from today’s philosophers.
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  48.  15
    Authority: David R. Bell.David R. Bell - 1970 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 4:190-203.
    Some things are pervasive and yet elusive. If it can be agreed that the concept of my title and its instances are of this kind, then the observation may serve to justify the present enterprise. The elusiveness of authority is that so often pursued in philosophical enterprise, namely the repeated confident use of a general term by even the unsophisticated, accompanied by the Socratic puzzlement that sets in as soon as a rationale or account of this use is sought. Such (...)
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  49.  8
    Can God Be Both Perfect and Free?1: DAVID R. MASON.David R. Mason - 1982 - Religious Studies 18 (2):191-200.
    The difficulty of ascribing metaphysical predicates such as absoluteness, necessity and perfection to God while simultaneously ascribing personal predicates such as compassion, freedom and agency has often been noted. Most efforts to resolve this dilemma have tended to fall into one of three categories: a merely verbal solution such as that God is ‘compassionate in terms of our experience but…not so in terms of [God's] own’; the univocal and unqualified ascription of the metaphysical predicates to God coupled with equivocation with (...)
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  50.  9
    Review of David Perlman, R. Smith, and R. Cha, Bioethics 2.0 Podcasts E4–Eclipse Ethics Education Enterprises. [REVIEW]Lisa Anderson-Shaw - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (3):42-43.
    (2011). Review of David Perlman, R. Smith, and R. Cha, Bioethics 2.0 Podcasts E4–Eclipse Ethics Education Enterprises. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 42-43.
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