Results for 'R. Mandel David'

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  1.  13
    Instruction in Information Structuring Improves Bayesian Judgment in Intelligence Analysts.David R. Mandel - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  2.  41
    Taboo or Tragic: Effect of Tradeoff Type on Moral Choice, Conflict, and Confidence. [REVIEW]David R. Mandel & Oshin Vartanian - 2008 - Mind and Society 7 (2):215-226.
    Historically, cognitivists considered moral choices to be determined by analytic processes. Recent theories, however, have emphasized the role of intuitive processes in determining moral choices. We propose that the engagement of analytic and intuitive processes is contingent on the type of tradeoff being considered. Specifically, when a tradeoff necessarily violates a moral principle no matter what choice is made, as in tragic tradeoffs, its resolution should result in greater moral conflict and less confidence in choice than when the tradeoff offers (...)
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  3.  50
    The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking.David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.) - 2005 - Routledge.
    It is human nature to wonder how things might have turned out differently--either for the better or for the worse. For the past two decades psychologists have been intrigued by this phenomenon, which they call counterfactual thinking. Specifically, researchers have sought to answer the "big" questions: Why do people have such a strong propensity to generate counterfactuals, and what functions does counterfactual thinking serve? What are the determinants of counterfactual thinking, and what are its adaptive and psychological consequences? This important (...)
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  4.  24
    Judgment Dissociation Theory: An Analysis of Differences in Causal, Counterfactual and Covariational Reasoning.David R. Mandel - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (3):419.
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  5.  12
    Do Framing Effects Reveal Irrational Choice?David R. Mandel - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (3):1185-1198.
  6.  9
    Integration of Contingency Information in Judgments of Cause, Covariation, and Probability.David R. Mandel & Darrin R. Lehman - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (3):269-285.
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  7.  20
    Violations of Coherence in Subjective Probability: A Representational and Assessment Processes Account.David R. Mandel - 2008 - Cognition 106 (1):130-156.
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  8.  7
    Editorial: Judgment and Decision Making Under Uncertainty: Descriptive, Normative, and Prescriptive Perspectives.David R. Mandel, Gorka Navarrete, Nathan Dieckmann & Jonathan Nelson - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  9.  89
    Effect of Counterfactual and Factual Thinking on Causal Judgements.David R. Mandel - 2003 - Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):245 – 265.
    The significance of counterfactual thinking in the causal judgement process has been emphasized for nearly two decades, yet no previous research has directly compared the relative effect of thinking counterfactually versus factually on causal judgement. Three experiments examined this comparison by manipulating the task frame used to focus participants' thinking about a target event. Prior to making judgements about causality, preventability, blame, and control, participants were directed to think about a target actor either in counterfactual terms (what the actor could (...)
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  10.  8
    Are Risk Assessments of a Terrorist Attack Coherent?David R. Mandel - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 11 (4):277-288.
  11. Counterfactual and Causal Explanation: From Early Theoretical Views to New Frontiers.David R. Mandel - 2005 - In David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.), The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking. Routledge.
     
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  12.  31
    Debunking the Myth of Value-Neutral Virginity: Toward Truth in Scientific Advertising.David R. Mandel & Philip E. Tetlock - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  13.  27
    Differential Focus in Causal and Counterfactual Thinking: Different Possibilities or Different Functions?David R. Mandel - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (5-6):460-461.
    In The Rational Imagination, Byrne proposes a mental models account of why causal and counterfactual thinking often focus on different antecedents. This review critically examines the two central propositions of her account, finding both only weakly defensible. Byrne's account is contrasted with judgment dissociation theory, which offers a functional explanation for differences in the focus of causal and counterfactual thinking.
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  14.  10
    Editorial: Improving Bayesian Reasoning: What Works and Why?David R. Mandel & Gorka Navarrete - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  15.  84
    The Obedience Alibi.David R. Mandel - 1998 - Analyse & Kritik 20 (S 74):94.
    Stanley Milgram's work on obedience to authority is social psychology's most influential contribution to theorizing about Holocaust perpetration. The gist of Milgram's claims is that Holocaust perpetrators were just following orders out of a sense of obligation to their superiors. Milgram, however, never undertook a scholarly analysis of how his obedience experiments related to the Holocaust. The author first discusses the major theoretical limitations of Milgram's position and then examines the implications of Milgram's experimental manipulations for Holocaust theorizing, contrasting a (...)
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  16.  19
    Predicting Blame Assignment in a Case of Negligent Harm.David R. Mandel - 2010 - Mind and Society 9 (1):5-17.
    Theories of blame posit that observers consider causality, controllability, and foreseeability when assigning blame to actors. The present study examined which of these factors, either on their own or in interaction, predicted blame assigned to actors in a case of harm caused by negligence. The findings revealed that only causal impact ratings predicted blame. The findings also revealed a novel form of asymmetric discounting: the causal impact of a negligent actor was used to discount blame assigned to an innocent actor, (...)
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  17.  15
    Nested Sets Theory, Full Stop: Explaining Performance on Bayesian Inference Tasks Without Dual-Systems Assumptions.David R. Mandel - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):275-276.
    Consistent with Barbey & Sloman (B&S), it is proposed that performance on Bayesian inference tasks is well explained by nested sets theory (NST). However, contrary to those authors' view, it is proposed that NST does better by dispelling with dual-systems assumptions. This article examines why, and sketches out a series of NST's core principles, which were not previously defined.
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  18.  11
    Correcting Judgment Correctives in National Security Intelligence.David R. Mandel & Philip E. Tetlock - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  19.  4
    Communicating Numeric Quantities in Context: Implications for Decision Science and Rationality Claims.David R. Mandel - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  20.  10
    Cognitive Style and Frame Susceptibility in Decision-Making.David R. Mandel & Irina V. Kapler - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  21.  4
    Of Causal and Counterfactual Explanation.David R. Mandel - 2011 - In Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Sarah R. Beck (eds.), Understanding Counterfactuals, Understanding Causation. Oxford University Press. pp. 147.
  22.  27
    On the Meaning and Function of Normative Analysis: Conceptual Blur in the Rationality Debate?David R. Mandel - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):686-687.
    The rationality debate centers on the meaning of deviations of decision makers' responses from the predictions/prescriptions of normative models. But for the debate to have significance, the meaning and functions of normative analysis must be clear. Presently, they are not, and the debate's persistence owes much to conceptual blur. An attempt is made here to clarify the concept of normative analysis.
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  23.  18
    Suicide Terrorism, Moral Relativism, and the Situationist Narrative.David R. Mandel - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (4):373-373.
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  24.  52
    Forecasted Risk Taking in Youth: Evidence for a Bounded-Rationality Perspective.Mandeep K. Dhami & David R. Mandel - 2012 - Synthese 189 (S1):161-171.
    This research examined whether youth's forecasted risk taking is best predicted by a compensatory (namely, subjective expected utility) or non-compensatory (e.g., single-factor) model. Ninety youth assessed the importance of perceived benefits, importance of perceived drawbacks, subjective probability of benefits, and subjective probability of drawbacks for 16 risky behaviors clustered evenly into recreational and health/safety domains. In both domains, there was strong support for a noncompensatory model in which only the perceived importance of the benefits of engaging in a risky behavior (...)
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  25.  2
    Political Identity Over Personal Impact: Early U.S. Reactions to the COVID-19 Pandemic.Robert N. Collins, David R. Mandel & Sarah S. Schywiola - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Research suggests political identity has strong influence over individuals’ attitudes and beliefs, which in turn can affect their behavior. Likewise, firsthand experience with an issue can also affect attitudes and beliefs. A large survey of Americans was analyzed to investigate the effects of both political identity and personal impact on individuals’ reactions to the COVID-19 pandemic. Results show that political identity and personal impact influenced the American public’s attitudes about and response to COVID-19. Consistent with prior research, political identity exerted (...)
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  26. Escape From Reality: Prisoners' Counterfactual Thinking About Crime, Justice, and Punishment.K. Dhami Mandeep, R. Mandel David & A. Souza Karen - 2005 - In David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.), The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking. Routledge.
     
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  27.  27
    Eng, David L. And David Kazanjian, Eds. Loss: The Politics of Mourning. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003. Pp. 448. [REVIEW]N. Mandel, R. J. Golsan & R. Larson - 2003 - Substance 32 (3):175-179.
  28.  27
    Counterfactuals, Emotions, and Context.David Mandel - 2003 - Cognition and Emotion 17 (1):139-159.
  29. Rescuing Frankfurt-Style Cases.Alfred R. Mele & David Robb - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (1):97-112.
    Almost thirty years ago, in an attempt to undermine what he termed "the principle of alternate possibilities" (the thesis that people are morally responsible for what they have done only if they could have done otherwise), Harry Frankfurt offered an ingenious thought-experiment that has played a major role in subsequent work on moral responsibility and free will. Several philosophers, including David Widerker and Robert Kane, argued recently that this thought-experiment and others like it are fundamentally flawed. This paper develops (...)
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  30. Computers and Intractability. A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness.Michael R. Garey & David S. Johnson - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (2):498-500.
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  31. Conceptual Space Modeling for Space Event Characterization.Jeremy R. Chapman, David Kasmier, David Limbaugh, Stephen R. Gagnon, John L. Crassidis, James Llinas, Barry Smith & Alexander Cox - 2020 - IEEE 23rd International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION).
    This paper provides a method for characterizing space events using the framework of conceptual spaces. We focus specifically on estimating and ranking the likelihood of collisions between space objects. The objective is to design an approach for anticipatory decision support for space operators who can take preventive actions on the basis of assessments of relative risk. To make this possible our approach draws on the fusion of both hard and soft data within a single decision support framework. Contextual data is (...)
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  32.  69
    Moral Objectivism Across the Lifespan.James R. Beebe & David Sackris - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (6):912-929.
    We report the results of two studies that examine folk metaethical judgments about the objectivity of morality. We found that participants attributed almost as much objectivity to ethical statements as they did to statements of physical fact and significantly more objectivity to ethical statements than to statements about preferences or tastes. In both studies, younger participants attributed less objectivity to ethical statements than older participants. Females were observed to attribute slightly less objectivity to ethical statements than males, and we found (...)
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  33. Solving the Measurement Problem: De Broglie-Bohm Loses Out to Everett. [REVIEW]Harvey R. Brown & David Wallace - 2004 - Foundations of Physics 35 (4):517-540.
    The quantum theory of de Broglie and Bohm solves the measurement problem, but the hypothetical corpuscles play no role in the argument. The solution finds a more natural home in the Everett interpretation.
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  34. The "Tip of the Tongue" Phenomenon.R. Brown & David N. McNeill - 1966 - Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 5:325-37.
  35.  5
    Bioaesthetics: Aesthetic Experience and the Evolution of Man.David Mandel - 1979 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 13 (3):115.
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  36.  5
    Changing Art, Changing Man.David Mandel - 1970 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 28 (3):402-402.
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  37. The Rebirth of the Soviet Labor Movement: The Coalminers' Strike of July 1989.David Mandel - 1990 - Politics and Society 18 (3):381-404.
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  38.  63
    What Would Confucius Do? – Confucian Ethics and Self-Regulation in Management.Peter R. Woods & David A. Lamond - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 102 (4):669-683.
    We examined Confucian moral philosophy, primarily the Analects, to determine how Confucian ethics could help managers regulate their own behavior (self-regulation) to maintain an ethical standard of practice. We found that some Confucian virtues relevant to self-regulation are common to Western concepts of management ethics such as benevolence, righteousness, wisdom, and trustworthiness. Some are relatively unique, such as ritual propriety and filial piety. We identify seven Confucian principles and discuss how they apply to achieving ethical self-regulation in management. In addition, (...)
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  39.  12
    Categorical Perception and Conceptual Judgments by Nonhuman Primates: The Paleological Monkey and the Analogical Ape.Roger K. R. Thompson & David L. Oden - 2000 - Cognitive Science 24 (3):363-396.
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  40.  10
    Information Value and Stimulus Configuring as Factors in Conditioned Reinforcement.David R. Thomas, David L. Berman & George E. Serednesky - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (2p1):181.
  41.  33
    Bbs, Magnets and Seesaws: The Metaphysics of Frankfurt-Style Cases.Alfred R. Mele & David Robb - 2003 - In David Widerker & Michael McKenna (eds.), Moral Responsibility and Alternative Possibilities: Essays on the Importance of Alternative Possibilities. Ashgate. pp. 107--126.
    In this paper Mele and Robb defend their (1998) paper against a variety of objections and further their develop their defense of Frankfurt-style cases.
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  42.  17
    Conversation as Planned Behavior.Jerry R. Hobbs & David Andreoff Evans - 1980 - Cognitive Science 4 (4):349-377.
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  43.  17
    The Impact of Retraction on Citation Networks.Charisse R. Madlock-Brown & David Eichmann - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (1):127-137.
    Article retraction in research is rising, yet retracted articles continue to be cited at a disturbing rate. This paper presents an analysis of recent retraction patterns, with a unique emphasis on the role author self-cites play, to assist the scientific community in creating counter-strategies. This was accomplished by examining the following: A categorization of retracted articles more complete than previously published work. The relationship between citation counts and after-retraction self-cites from the authors of the work, and the distribution of self-cites (...)
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  44.  19
    The Role of Ethnicity, Gender, Emotional Content, and Contextual Differences in Physiological, Expressive, and Self-Reported Emotional Responses to Imagery.Scott R. Vrana & David Rollock - 2002 - Cognition and Emotion 16 (1):165-192.
  45.  18
    The Impact of Expert Visual Guidance on Trainee Visual Search Strategy, Visual Attention and Motor Skills.Daniel R. Leff, David R. C. James, Felipe Orihuela-Espina, Ka-Wai Kwok, Loi Wah Sun, George Mylonas, Thanos Athanasiou, Ara W. Darzi & Guang-Zhong Yang - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  46.  37
    How Teaching Business Ethics Makes a Difference.Edward R. Balotsky & David S. Steingard - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 3:5-34.
    This paper introduces a four-stage ethical learning model that we posit will augment the evaluation of the effectiveness of business ethics education. Using the Ignatian (Jesuit, Catholic) methodologies of self-reflection and discernment, comments by 195 undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in an American university regarding the relationship between ethical attitudes and business conduct are examined before and after completing a business ethics course. Results suggest that ethics education can 1) raise students’ ethical awareness, and 2) shift ethical attitudes in either (...)
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  47.  32
    The Abuse of Animals and Domestic Violence: A National Survey of Shelters for Women Who Are Battered.Frank R. Ascione, David S. Wood & Claudia V. Weber - 1997 - Society and Animals 5 (3):205-218.
    The maltreatment of animals, usually companion animals, may occur in homes where there is domestic violence, yet we have limited information about the prevalence of such maltreatment. We surveyed the largest shelters for women who are battered in 49 states and the District of Columbia. Shelters were selected if they provided overnight facilities and programs or services for children. Ninety-six percent of the shelters responded. Analysis revealed that it is common for shelters to serve women and children who talk about (...)
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  48.  15
    The Model of Motivational Dynamics in Sport: Resistance to Peer Influence, Behavioral Engagement and Disaffection, Dispositional Coping, and Resilience.Adam R. Nicholls, David Morley & John L. Perry - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  49.  69
    Becoming Aware of Feelings: Integration of Cognitive-Developmental, Neuroscientific, and Psychoanalytic Perspectives.Richard D. R. Lane & David A. S. Garfield - 2005 - Neuro-Psychoanalysis 7 (1):5-30.
  50.  29
    The Entropic Brain: A Theory of Conscious States Informed by Neuroimaging Research with Psychedelic Drugs.Robin L. Carhart-Harris, Robert Leech, Peter J. Hellyer, Murray Shanahan, Amanda Feilding, Enzo Tagliazucchi, Dante R. Chialvo & David Nutt - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
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