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R. Palmaru [5]Raivo Palmaru [1]
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Raivo Palmaru
Tallinn University
  1.  14
    Constructivism as a Key Towards Further Understanding of Communication, Culture and Society.R. Palmaru - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (1):30-38.
    Context: The interest of communication scholars in constructivism is fuelled by the need to radically rethink the theoretical assumptions that have governed most media and communication research for the past three or four decades. Problem: On at least two points, constructivism poses difficulties that need to be overcome by scholars of communication. These are the attitudes of many radical constructivists towards “reality” and the constructivist position with regard to “society.” The article seeks to clarify the constructivist position with regard to (...)
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  2.  25
    Making Sense and Meaning: On the Role of Communication and Culture in the Reproduction of Social Systems.R. Palmaru - 2012 - Constructivist Foundations 8 (1):63-75.
    Context: Although the relationship between communication and culture has received significant attention among communication scholars over the past thirty or more years, there is still no satisfactory explanation as to how these two are related and how culture evolves in communication. It forces the author to turn to Niklas Luhmann’s social systems theory, which is one of the main hypotheses of how social systems emerge. Problem: Unfortunately, Luhmann’s concept of meaning is too weak to explain the autopoiesis of communication. In (...)
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  3.  15
    How Can a Social System Be Autopoietic?Raivo Palmaru - 2014 - Constructivist Foundations 9 (2):170-172.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Social Autopoiesis?” by Hugo Urrestarazu. Upshot: I argue that it is possible to conceptualise the social system as autopoietic if we derive the social from the most important feature of a living being on which his relationship to the environment is based - from consciousness. This approach also allows us to solve Husserl’s problem of intersubjectivity.
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  4.  11
    Author's Response: Culture Matters.R. Palmaru - 2012 - Constructivist Foundations 8 (1):80-82.
    Upshot: I draw the attention to the fact that the communication concept of Luhmann's social system theory and that of radical constructivism are not congruent. Also, communication and culture cannot be understood without taking into consideration that they are two sides of the same coin and that both act as reality-generating agents.
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  5.  4
    Communication and Media Studies in Crisis.R. Palmaru - 2014 - Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):150-152.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Do the Media Fail to Represent Reality? A Constructivist and Second-order Critique of the Research on Environmental Media Coverage and Its Normative Implications” by Julia Völker & Armin Scholl. Upshot: The present commentary is not intended as a criticism of the arguments presented in Julia Völker and Armin Scholl’s target article. I very much agree with these arguments. I only wish to draw attention to the fact that Völker and Scholl are not writing about (...)
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  6.  2
    Author’s Response: Cognitive Autonomy and Communication.R. Palmaru - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (1):50-58.
    Upshot: I revisit the basic assumptions of constructivism on which the solutions presented in the target article rest, and argue that communication is difficult to understand until the cognitive autonomy of individuals resulting from operational closure is adopted as the point of departure.
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