Results for 'R. Stephen Crespi'

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  1.  79
    An analysis of moral issues affecting patenting inventions in the life sciences: A european perspective.R. Stephen Crespi - 2000 - Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (2):157-180.
    Following the 1980 US Supreme Court decision to allow a patent on a living organism, debate has continued on the moral issues involved in biotechnology patents of many kinds and remains a contentious issue for those opposed to the use of biotechnology in industry and agriculture. Attitudes to patenting in the life sciences, including those of the research scientists themselves, are analysed. The relevance of morality to patent law is discussed here in an international context with particular reference to the (...)
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  2.  69
    Ethico-legal issues in biomedicine patenting: A patent professional viewpoint.R. Stephen Crespi - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):117-136.
    Over the last two decades, the ethical implications of patents for biological materials and processes have been the subject of spirited public debate between the many individuals and groups on which the patent system impacts. Whereas copyright, trade marks, and other species of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) are widely acceptable, the patent system evokes criticism from many quarters, especially in relation to the legal protection of inventions in the Life Sciences. Some of these criticisms expressed by prestigious public organisations are (...)
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  3.  2
    Why Science?R. Stephen White - 1998 - Kroshka.
    The book Why Science? is written for the millions of science teachers, students and the public who want evidence for their views. Society must make important choices in health and medicine, the environment, energy sources, the courts and in risk and safety. These issues and many other problems facing us require knowledge of science for their solution. Polls show that nearly half of the US population believes the myths, superstition and paranormal delivered by TV and the press. Despite the great (...)
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  4. The authenticity of sacred texts.R. Stephen Humphreys - 2012 - In Abdou Filali-Ansary & Aziz Esmail (eds.), The construction of belief: reflections on the thought of Mohammed Arkoun. Saqi Books in association with the Aga Khan University Institute for the Study of Muslim Civilisations.
     
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  5.  6
    A Thematic Analysis Investigating the Impact of Positive Behavioral Support Training on the Lives of Service Providers: “It Makes You Think Differently”.R. Stephen Walsh, Brian McClean, Nancy Doyle, Suzanne Ryan, Sammy-Jo Scarborough-Lang, Anna Rishton & Neil Dagnall - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  6.  4
    Correspondence.R. Stephen Berry - 1971 - Minerva 9 (4):565-567.
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  7.  21
    Utilitarianism and the Morality of Killing.R. Stephen Talmage - 1972 - Philosophy 47 (179):55 - 63.
    In the course of his interesting paper ‘The Morality of Killing’ , Mr. T. Goodrich apparently seeks to prove that decisions about population control cannot be based on the utilitarian principle. More exactly, I think, he wishes to show that such decisions cannot be based on this principle by making appeal either to the interests of those persons who would be brought into existence as a result of a decision to add to the population or to the interests, at times (...)
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  8.  14
    A History of the Ayyubid Sultans of Egypt.R. Stephen Humphreys, Taqī al-Dīn al-Maqrīzī, R. J. C. Broadhurst & Taqi al-Din al-Maqrizi - 1983 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 103 (2):449.
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  9.  23
    L'Islam et la Croisade: Idéologie et Propagande dans les Réactions Musulmanes aux CroisadesL'Islam et la Croisade: Ideologie et Propagande dans les Reactions Musulmanes aux Croisades.R. Stephen Humphreys & Emmanuel Sivan - 1972 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 92 (2):391.
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  10.  9
    Middle Eastern Cities: A Symposium on Ancient, Islamic, and Contemporary Middle Eastern Urbanism.R. Stephen Humphreys & Ira M. Lapidus - 1972 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 92 (1):119.
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  11.  20
    Studies in Memory of Gaston Wiet.R. Stephen Humphreys & Myriam Rosen-Ayalon - 1981 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 101 (2):224.
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  12.  13
    Human heart rate responses during experimentally induced anxiety: A follow-up.R. Stephen Jenks & George E. Deane - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (1):109.
  13. Pretending to be awake: A reply.R. Stephen Talmage - 1968 - Noûs 2 (1):91-94.
  14.  30
    Criticism and Perspectivism: The transition between Nietzsche's two truths.R. Stephen Krebbs - 1997 - The European Legacy 2 (2):388-393.
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  15.  11
    Is Friedrich Nietzsche a precursor to the holistic movement?R. Stephen Krebbs - 1989 - History of European Ideas 11 (1-6):701-709.
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  16.  12
    Life: A resolution to the post-modern problem of identity and diversity.R. Stephen Krebbs - 1992 - History of European Ideas 15 (1-3):121-126.
  17.  2
    Timaeus 49c7 -50b5.R. Stephen Cherry - 1967 - Apeiron 2 (1):1 - 11.
  18.  65
    Ethical considerations in the use of direct-to-consumer advertising and pharmaceutical promotions: The impact on pharmaceutical sales and physicians. [REVIEW]R. Stephen Parker & Charles E. Pettijohn - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 48 (3):279-290.
    The influence of direct-to-consumer advertising and physician promotions are examined in this study. We further examine some of the ethical issues which may arise when physicians accept promotional products from pharmaceutical companies. The data revealed that direct-to-consumer advertising is likely to increase the request rates of both the drug category and the drug brand choices, as well as the likelihood that those drugs will be prescribed by physicians. The data further revealed that the majority of responding physicians were either neutral (...)
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  19.  12
    Changes in aspects of social functioning depend upon prior changes in neurodisability in people with acquired brain injury undergoing post-acute neurorehabilitation.Dónal G. Fortune, R. Stephen Walsh, Brian Waldron, Caroline McGrath, Maurice Harte, Sarah Casey & Brian McClean - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  20.  9
    Islamic History: A Framework for Inquiry.Carole Hillenbrand & R. Stephen Humphreys - 1997 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 117 (4):752.
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  21.  7
    The Psychology of Classroom Learning.Gordon R. Cross & John M. Stephens - 1965 - British Journal of Educational Studies 14 (1):151.
  22. The things we mean.Stephen R. Schiffer - 2003 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Stephen Schiffer presents a groundbreaking account of meaning and belief, and shows how it can illuminate a range of crucial problems regarding language, mind, knowledge, and ontology. He introduces the new doctrine of 'pleonastic propositions' to explain what the things we mean and believe are. He discusses the relation between semantic and psychological facts, on the one hand, and physical facts, on the other; vagueness and indeterminacy; moral truth; conditionals; and the role of propositional content in information acquisition and (...)
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  23.  17
    Passing theories through topical heuristics: Donald Davidson, Aristotle, and the conditions of discursive competence.Stephen R. Yarbrough - 2004 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 37 (1):72-91.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Philosophy and Rhetoric 37.1 (2004) 72-91 [Access article in PDF] Passing Theories through Topical Heuristics: Donald Davidson, Aristotle, and the Conditions of Discursive Competence Stephen R. Yarbrough Department of English The University of North Carolina at Greensboro What are the conditions of discursive competence? In "A Nice Derangement of Epitaphs" Donald Davidson explains how it is possible that in practice we can, with little effort, understand and appropriately (...)
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  24.  23
    “Just say no”: Nietzsche's response to modern idolatry.James R. Watson & R. Stephen Krebbs Jr - 1997 - The European Legacy 2 (4):682-689.
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  25.  17
    Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Inventory of Personality Organization-Reality Testing Subscale.Neil Dagnall, Andrew Denovan, Andrew Parker, Kenneth Drinkwater & R. Stephen Walsh - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  26. Hart's Methodological Positivism: Stephen R. Perry.Stephen R. Perry - 1998 - Legal Theory 4 (4):427-467.
    To understand H.L.A. Hart's general theory of law, it is helpful to distinguish between substantive and methodological legal positivism. Substantive legal positivism is the view that there is no necessary connection between morality and the content of law. Methodological legal positivism is the view that legal theory can and should offer a normatively neutral description of a particular social phenomenon, namely law. Methodological positivism holds, we might say, not that there is no necessary connection between morality and law, but rather (...)
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  27. An Uneasy Case against Property Rights in Body Parts*: STEPHEN R. MUNZER.Stephen R. Munzer - 1994 - Social Philosophy and Policy 11 (2):259-286.
    This essay deals with property rights in body parts that can be exchanged in a market. The inquiry arises in the following context. With some exceptions, the laws of many countries permit only the donation, not the sale, of body parts. Yet for some years there has existed a shortage of body parts for transplantation and other medical uses. It might then appear that if more sales were legally permitted, the supply of body parts would increase, because people would have (...)
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  28. Meaning.Stephen R. Schiffer - 1973 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 163:478-479.
     
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  29. Epistemic Normativity.Stephen R. Grimm - 2009 - In Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Epistemic Value. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 243-264.
    In this article, from the 2009 Oxford University Press collection Epistemic Value, I criticize existing accounts of epistemic normativity by Alston, Goldman, and Sosa, and then offer a new view.
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  30. Truth and the theory of content.Stephen R. Schiffer - 1981 - In Herman Parret (ed.), Meaning and Understanding. Berlin.
     
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  31. Knowledge, Practical Interests, and Rising Tides.Stephen R. Grimm - 2015 - In John Greco & David Henderson (eds.), Epistemic Evaluation: Purposeful Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
    Defenders of pragmatic encroachment in epistemology (or what I call practicalism) need to address two main problems. First, the view seems to imply, absurdly, that knowledge can come and go quite easily—in particular, that it might come and go along with our variable practical interests. We can call this the stability problem. Second, there seems to be no fully satisfying way of explaining whose practical interests matter. We can call this the “whose stakes?” problem. I argue that both problems can (...)
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  32. Remnants of Meaning.Stephen R. Schiffer - 1987 - MIT Press.
    In this foundational work on the theory of linguistic and mental representation, Stephen Schiffer surveys all the leading theories of meaning and content in the philosophy of language and finds them lacking. He concludes that there can be no correct, positive philosophical theory or linguistic or mental representation and, accordingly advocates the deflationary "no-theory theory of meaning and content." Along the way he takes up functionalism, the nature of propositions and their suitability as contents, the language of thought and (...)
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  33. The Biophilia Hypothesis.Stephen R. Kellert & Edward O. Wilson - 1995 - Island Press.
    "Biophilia" is the term coined by Edward O. Wilson to describe what he believes is humanity's innate affinity for the natural world. In his landmark book Biophilia, he examined how our tendency to focus on life and lifelike processes might be a biologically based need, integral to our development as individuals and as a species. That idea has caught the imagination of diverse thinkers. The Biophilia Hypothesis brings together the views of some of the most creative scientists of our time, (...)
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  34.  47
    The Value of Life: Biological Diversity And Human Society.Stephen R. Kellert & Stephen H. Kellert - 1997 - Island Press.
    The Value of Life is an exploration of the actual and perceived importance of biological diversity for human beings and society. Stephen R. Kellert identifies ten basic values, which he describes as biologically based, inherent human tendencies that are greatly influenced and moderated by culture, learning, and experience. Drawing on 20 years of original research, he considers: the universal basis for how humans value nature differences in those values by gender, age, ethnicity, occupation, and geographic location how environment-related activities (...)
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  35. Meaning.Stephen R. Schiffer - 1972 - Oxford,: Clarendon Press.
    What is it for marks or sounds to have meaning, and what is it for someone to mean something in producing them? Answering these and related questions, Schiffer explores communication, speech acts, convention, and the meaning of linguistic items in this reissue of a seminal work on the foundations of meaning. A new introduction takes account of recent developments and places his theory in a broader context.
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  36.  36
    The siren song of implicit change detection.Stephen R. Mitroff, Daniel J. Simons & Steven Franconeri - 2002 - Journal Of Experimental Psychology-Human Perception And Performance 28 (4):798-815.
  37.  9
    The nature of the beast: are animals moral?Stephen R. L. Clark (ed.) - 1982 - New York: Oxford University Press.
  38. The moral status of animals.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1977 - New York: Oxford University Press.
  39.  62
    Forming and updating object representations without awareness: Evidence from motion-induced blindness.Stephen R. Mitroff & Brian J. Scholl - 2005 - Vision Research 45 (8):961-967.
  40. Changes are not localized before they are explicitly detected.Stephen R. Mitroff & Daniel J. Simons - 2000 - Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 41 (4).
  41. A Theory of Property.Stephen R. Munzer - 1990 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book represents a major new statement on the issue of property rights. It argues for the justification of some rights of private property while showing why unequal distributions of private property are indefensible. Three features of the book are especially salient: it offers a challenging new pluralist theory of justification; the argument integrates perceptive analyses of the great classical theorists Aristotle, Locke, Hegel and Marx with a discussion of contemporary philosophers such as Nozick and Rawls; and the author moves (...)
     
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  42. Is understanding a species of knowledge?Stephen R. Grimm - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (3):515-535.
    Among philosophers of science there seems to be a general consensus that understanding represents a species of knowledge, but virtually every major epistemologist who has thought seriously about understanding has come to deny this claim. Against this prevailing tide in epistemology, I argue that understanding is, in fact, a species of knowledge: just like knowledge, for example, understanding is not transparent and can be Gettiered. I then consider how the psychological act of "grasping" that seems to be characteristic of understanding (...)
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  43. "Understanding and Transparency".Stephen R. Grimm - 2016 - In Explaining Understanding: New Perspectives From Epistemology and Philosophy of Science. Routledge.
    I explore the extent to which the epistemic state of understanding is transparent to the one who understands. Against several contemporary epistemologists, I argue that it is not transparent in the way that many have claimed, drawing on results from developmental psychology, animal cognition, and other fields.
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  44. Two-dimensional semantics and propositional attitude content.Stephen R. Schiffer - 2003 - In The Things We Mean. Oxford University Press.
  45.  43
    Avicenna's Emanated Abstraction.Stephen R. Ogden - 2020 - Philosophers' Imprint 20 (10).
    One of the largest ongoing debates in scholarship on Avicenna concerns his epistemology of the first acquisition of intelligible forms or concepts. “Emanationists” hold that intelligibles are emanated by the separate Active Intellect directly into human minds. “ionists” hold that intelligibles are abstracted by the human intellect from sensory images. Neither of these positions has a satisfactory grip on Avicenna’s philosophy. I propose that the two positions can be reconciled because Avicenna states in many texts that what the AI emanates (...)
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  46.  49
    Where have all the Angels Gone?1: STEPHEN R. L. CLARK.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (2):221-234.
    Anyone who wishes to talk about angels has to respond to the mocking question, how many of them can dance on the point of a pin. The answer is: ‘just as many as they please’. Angels being immaterial intellects do not occupy space to the exclusion of any other such intellectual substance, and their being ‘on’ the point of a pin can only mean that they attend to it. The question, however, is not one that concerned our mediaeval predecessors, although (...)
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  47.  23
    World Religions and World Orders: STEPHEN R. L. CLARK.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1990 - Religious Studies 26 (1):43-57.
    There are good reasons for being suspicious of the very concept of ‘a religion’, let alone a ‘world religion’. It may be useful for a hospital administrator to know a patient's ‘religion’ – as Protestant or Church of England or Catholic or Buddhist – but such labels clearly do little more than identify the most suitable chaplain, and connote groupings in the vast and confusing region of ‘religious thought and practice’ that are of very different ranks. By any rational, genealogical (...)
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  48. A Theory of Property.Stephen R. Munzer - 1991 - Mind 100 (2):300-302.
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  49.  82
    Political Authority and Political Obligation.Stephen R. Perry - 2013 - In Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Law: Volume 2. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 1-74.
    Legitimate political authority is often said to involve a “right to rule,” which is most plausibly understood as a Hohfeldian moral power on the part of the state to impose obligations on its subjects (or otherwise to change their normative situation). Many writers have taken the state’s moral power (if and when it exists) to be a correlate, in some sense, of an obligation on the part of the state’s subjects to obey its directives. Thus legitimate political authority is said (...)
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  50.  99
    Making Sense of the World: New Essays on the Philosophy of Understanding.Stephen R. Grimm (ed.) - 2017 - New York, NY, United States of America: Oxford University Press.
    This collection offers original work on the nature of understanding by a range of distinguished philosophers. Although some of the essays are by scholars well known for their work on understanding, many of the essays bring entirely new figures to the discussion.
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