Results for 'Rachael Bailes'

233 found
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  1.  16
    Mirror Neurons, Prediction and Hemispheric Coordination: The Prioritizing of Intersubjectivity Over ‘Intrasubjectivity’.Richard Shillcock, James Thomas & Rachael Bailes - 2019 - Axiomathes 29 (2):139-153.
    We observe that approaches to intersubjectivity, involving mirror neurons and involving emulation and prediction, have eclipsed discussion of those same mechanisms for achieving coordination between the two hemispheres of the human brain. We explore some of the implications of the suggestion that the mutual modelling of the two situated hemispheres is a productive place to start in understanding the phylogenetic and ontogenetic development of cognition and of intersubjectivity.
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  2. Noise Resistance in Communication: Quantifying Uniformity and Optimality.Christine Cuskley, Rachael Bailes & Joel Wallenberg - 2021 - Cognition 214:104754.
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  3. Bail Under Special Legislations.Deepa Kansra - 2019 - In Manoj Kr Sinha and Anuragdeep (ed.), Bail: Law and Practice in India. Delhi, India: pp. 185-193.
    BAIL JURISPRUDENCE in India (as in other common law countries) has evolved laying emphasis on the right to liberty of the accused as opposed to the requirement of the State to keep him/her under custody...The mechanism for cancellation of bail is provided in law in order to ensure that justice will be done to the society by preventing the accused who had been set at liberty by the bail order from tampering with the evidence in a heinous crime. At the (...)
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  4.  14
    Internal Representations Reveal Cultural Diversity in Expectations of Facial Expressions of Emotion.Rachael E. Jack, Roberto Caldara & Philippe G. Schyns - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (1):19-25.
  5. Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Anscombe’s Intention.Rachael Wiseman - 2016 - Routledge.
    G. E. M. Anscombe’s Intention is a classic of twentieth-century philosophy. The work has been enormously influential despite being a dense and largely misunderstood text. It is a standard reference point for anyone engaging with philosophy of action and philosophy of psychology. In this Routledge Philosophy GuideBook, Rachael Wiseman: situates _Intention_ in relation to Anscombe’s moral philosophy and philosophy of mind considers the influence of Aquinas, Aristotle, Frege, and Wittgenstein on the method and content of _Intention_ adopts a structure (...)
     
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  6.  6
    The Complexity of Scott Sentences of Scattered Linear Orders.Rachael Alvir & Dino Rossegger - 2020 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 85 (3):1079-1101.
    We calculate the complexity of Scott sentences of scattered linear orders. Given a countable scattered linear order L of Hausdorff rank $\alpha $ we show that it has a ${d\text {-}\Sigma _{2\alpha +1}}$ Scott sentence. It follows from results of Ash [2] that for every countable $\alpha $ there is a linear order whose optimal Scott sentence has this complexity. Therefore, our bounds are tight. We furthermore show that every Hausdorff rank 1 linear order has an optimal ${\Pi ^{\mathrm {c}}_{3}}$ (...)
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  7.  5
    Strengthening the Research Agenda of Educational Integrity in Canada: A Review of the Research Literature and Call to Action. [REVIEW]Rachael Ileh Edino & Sarah Elaine Eaton - 2018 - International Journal for Educational Integrity 14 (1).
    We present findings of a literature review on the topic of educational integrity in the Canadian context. Our search revealed 56 sources, published between 1992 and 2017. A historical overview showed a rise in the number of scholarly publications in recent years, but with an overall limited number of research contributions. We identified three major themes in the literature: empirical research; prevention and professional development; and other. Our analysis showed little evidence of sustained research programs in Canada over time or (...)
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  8.  20
    Four Not Six: Revealing Culturally Common Facial Expressions of Emotion.Rachael E. Jack, Wei Sun, Ioannis Delis, Oliver G. B. Garrod & Philippe G. Schyns - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (6):708-730.
  9.  5
    Scott Complexity of Countable Structures.Rachael Alvir, Noam Greenberg, Matthew Harrison-Trainor & Dan Turetsky - 2021 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 86 (4):1706-1720.
    We define the Scott complexity of a countable structure to be the least complexity of a Scott sentence for that structure. This is a finer notion of complexity than Scott rank: it distinguishes between whether the simplest Scott sentence is $\Sigma _{\alpha }$, $\Pi _{\alpha }$, or $\mathrm {d-}\Sigma _{\alpha }$. We give a complete classification of the possible Scott complexities, including an example of a structure whose simplest Scott sentence is $\Sigma _{\lambda + 1}$ for $\lambda $ a limit (...)
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  10. Interventionist Counterfactuals.Rachael Briggs - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 160 (1):139-166.
    A number of recent authors (Galles and Pearl, Found Sci 3 (1):151–182, 1998; Hiddleston, Noûs 39 (4):232–257, 2005; Halpern, J Artif Intell Res 12:317–337, 2000) advocate a causal modeling semantics for counterfactuals. But the precise logical significance of the causal modeling semantics remains murky. Particularly important, yet particularly under-explored, is its relationship to the similarity-based semantics for counterfactuals developed by Lewis (Counterfactuals. Harvard University Press, 1973b). The causal modeling semantics is both an account of the truth conditions of counterfactuals, and (...)
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  11.  22
    The Role of the Hippocampus in Flexible Cognition and Social Behavior.Rachael D. Rubin, Patrick D. Watson, Melissa C. Duff & Neal J. Cohen - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  12. Normative Theories of Rational Choice: Expected Utility.Rachael Briggs - 2017 - The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  13. Distorted Reflection.Rachael Briggs - 2009 - Philosophical Review 118 (1):59-85.
    Diachronic Dutch book arguments seem to support both conditionalization and Bas van Fraassen's Reflection principle. But the Reflection principle is vulnerable to numerous counterexamples. This essay addresses two questions: first, under what circumstances should an agent obey Reflection, and second, should the counterexamples to Reflection make us doubt the Dutch book for conditionalization? In response to the first question, this essay formulates a new "Qualified Reflection" principle, which states that an agent should obey Reflection only if he or she is (...)
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  14.  4
    Building a Scaffolded Research Experience for Undergraduates.Rachael D. Reavis & Margaret A. Thomas - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  15. What Evolvability Really Is.Rachael L. Brown - 2013 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (3):axt014.
    In recent years, the concept of evolvability has been gaining in prominence both within evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo) and the broader field of evolutionary biology. Despite this, there remains considerable disagreement about what evolvability is. This article offers a solution to this problem. I argue that, in focusing too closely on the role played by evolvability as an explanandum in evo-devo, existing philosophical attempts to clarify the evolvability concept have been overly narrow. Within evolutionary biology more broadly, evolvability offers a (...)
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  16.  58
    The Cultural Environment: Measuring Culture with Big Data.Christopher A. Bail - 2014 - Theory and Society 43 (3-4):465-482.
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  17. The Real Truth About the Unreal Future.Rachael Briggs & Graeme A. Forbes - 2012 - In Karen Bennett & Dean Zimmerman (eds.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, volume 7.
    Growing-Block theorists hold that past and present things are real, while future things do not yet exist. This generates a puzzle: how can Growing-Block theorists explain the fact that some sentences about the future appear to be true? Briggs and Forbes develop a modal ersatzist framework, on which the concrete actual world is associated with a branching-time structure of ersatz possible worlds. They then show how this branching structure might be used to determine the truth values of future contingents. They (...)
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  18. Decision-Theoretic Paradoxes as Voting Paradoxes.Rachael Briggs - 2010 - Philosophical Review 119 (1):1-30.
    It is a platitude among decision theorists that agents should choose their actions so as to maximize expected value. But exactly how to define expected value is contentious. Evidential decision theory (henceforth EDT), causal decision theory (henceforth CDT), and a theory proposed by Ralph Wedgwood that this essay will call benchmark theory (BT) all advise agents to maximize different types of expected value. Consequently, their verdicts sometimes conflict. In certain famous cases of conflict—medical Newcomb problems—CDT and BT seem to get (...)
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  19.  15
    What If the Private Linguist Were a Poet? Iris Murdoch on Privacy and Ethics.Rachael Wiseman - 2020 - European Journal of Philosophy 28 (1):224-234.
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  20.  22
    The “Splendid Isolation” of Aaron T. Beck.Rachael I. Rosner - 2014 - Isis 105 (4):734-758.
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  21.  21
    Oxytocin Enhances the Neural Efficiency of Social Perception.Rachael Tillman, Ilanit Gordon, Adam Naples, Max Rolison, James F. Leckman, Ruth Feldman, Kevin A. Pelphrey & James C. McPartland - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  22. What Am I and What Am I Doing?Rachael Wiseman - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy 114 (10):536-550.
    There is a deep connection between Anscombe’s argument that ‘I’ is not a referring expression and Intention’s account of practical knowledge and knowledge without observation. The assumption that the so-called “no-reference thesis” can be resisted while the account of action set out in her book INTENTION is embraced is based on a misunderstanding of the argument of “The First Person” and the status of its conclusion; removing that misunderstanding helps to illuminate the concept of practical knowledge and brings into view (...)
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  23. Costs of Abandoning the Sure-Thing Principle.Rachael Briggs - 2015 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (5):827-840.
    Risk-weighted expected utility theory permits preferences which violate the Sure-Thing Principle. But preferences that violate the STP can lead to bad decisions in sequential choice problems. In particular, they can lead decision-makers to adopt a strategy that is dominated – i.e. a strategy such that some available alternative leads to a better outcome in every possible state of the world.
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  24. Truthmaking Without Necessitation.Rachael Briggs - 2012 - Synthese 189 (1):11-28.
    I propose an account truthmaking that provides truthmakers for negative truths. The account replaces Truthmaker Necessitarianism with a "Duplication Principle", according to which a suitable entity T is a truthmaker for a proposition P just in case the existence of an appropriate counterpart of T entails the truth of P, where the counterpart relation is cashed out in terms of qualitative duplication. My account captures an intuitive notion of truthmakers as "things the way they are", validates two appealing principles about (...)
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  25. Putting a Value on Beauty.Rachael Briggs - 2010 - In Tamar Szabo Gendler and John Hawthorne (Eds.), Oxford Studies in Epistemology, Volume 3. Oxford University Press:3-34.
     
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  26.  7
    Data-Driven Methods to Diversify Knowledge of Human Psychology.Rachael E. Jack, Carlos Crivelli & Thalia Wheatley - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (1):1-5.
  27. The Anatomy of the Big Bad Bug.Rachael Briggs - 2009 - Noûs 43 (3):428-449.
  28.  14
    The NHS: Sticking Fingers in Its Ears, Humming Loudly.Rachael Pope - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (3):577-598.
    Evidence exists that the UK National Health Service has had, over many years, persistent problems of negative and intimidating behaviour towards staff from other employees. The evidence also suggests the organisational responses to negative behaviour can be inadequate. A conceptual model of organisational dysfunction was proposed to assist in explaining those responses and the overall culture in the NHS. Through research this model has been tested. Based upon the findings, an extended and developed model of organisational dysfunction is presented. A (...)
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  29.  20
    What Evolvability Really Is.Rachael L. Brown - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (3):549-572.
  30. Putting a Value on Beauty.Rachael Briggs - 2010 - Oxford Studies in Epistemology 3.
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  31. Mad, Bad and Dangerous to Know.Rachael Briggs & Daniel Nolan - 2012 - Analysis 72 (2):314-316.
    Tracking accounts of knowledge formulated in terms of counterfactuals suffer from well known problems. Examples are provided, and it is shown that moving to a dispositional tracking theory of knowledge avoids three of these problems.
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  32. Assertion: New Philosophical Essays. Edited by Jessica Brown and Herman Cappelen. [REVIEW]Rachael Wiseman - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (253):832-835.
    The Philosophical Quarterly, Volume 63, Issue 253, Page 832-835, October 2013.
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  33. Transformative Experience and Interpersonal Utility Comparisons.Rachael Briggs - 2015 - Res Philosophica 92 (2):189-216.
  34.  52
    The Misidentification of Immunity to Error Through Misidentification.Rachael Wiseman - 2019 - Journal of Philosophy 116 (12):663-677.
    Sidney Shoemaker credits Wittgenstein’s Blue Book with identifying a special kind of immunity to error that is characteristic of ‘I’ in its “use as subject”. This immunity to error is thought by Shoemaker, and by many following him, to be central to the meaning of ‘I’ and thus to the topics of self-knowledge, self-consciousness and personal memory. This paper argues that Wittgenstein’s work does not contain the thesis, nor any version of the thesis, that there is a use of ‘I’—‘use (...)
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  35.  41
    No Morality, No Self: Anscombe’s Radical Skepticism, Written by James Doyle. [REVIEW]Rachael Wiseman - 2019 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 9 (4):357-363.
  36.  82
    The Intended and Unintended Consequences of Intention.Rachael Wiseman - forthcoming - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly.
    This paper examines the context in which Anscombe wrote Intention—focusing on the years 1956–1958. At this time Anscombe was engaged in a number of battles against her university, her colleagues, and, ultimately, “the spirit of the age,” which included her public opposition to Oxford University’s decision to award Harry Truman an honorary degree. Intention, I show, must be understood as a product of the explicitly ethical and political debates in which Anscombe was involved. Understanding the intention with which she wrote (...)
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  37. El baile español.José Antonio Ruiz - 2005 - Contrastes: Revista Cultural 39:27-29.
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  38. The Metaphysics of Chance.Rachael Briggs - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (11):938-952.
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  39. Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism.Rachael Briggs - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (4):690-691.
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  40.  50
    Rewriting the Requirement for a 'Recognized Psychiatric Injury' in Negligence Claims.Rachael Mulheron - 2012 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 32 (1):77-112.
    The rules governing recovery for negligently inflicted psychiatric injury are among the most criticized of all of tort law. However, one area which, to date, has escaped with a minimum of judicial or academic scrutiny concerns the very threshold requirement for these actions: proof of a ‘recognized psychiatric illness’. This article critiques that longstanding requirement of English law from two perspectives. First, it is argued that the international classifications of psychiatric disorders (ICD-10 and DSM-IV) are being misapplied and misconstrued in (...)
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  41.  12
    A Theory of Resonance.Terence E. McDonnell, Christopher A. Bail & Iddo Tavory - 2017 - Sociological Theory 35 (1):1-14.
    The metaphor of resonance often describes the fit between a message and an audience’s worldviews. Yet scholars have largely ignored the cognitive processes audiences use to interpret messages and interactions that determine why certain messages and other cultural objects appeal to some but not others. Drawing on pragmatism, we argue that resonance occurs as cultural objects help people puzzle through practical challenges they face or construct. We discuss how cognitive distance and the process of emotional reasoning shape the likelihood of (...)
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  42.  5
    Sean 6 Nuallain.Baile Atha Cliath - 1997 - In S. O'Nuillain, Paul McKevitt & E. MacAogain (eds.), Two Sciences of Mind. John Benjamins.
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  43.  4
    Bail thasien pour un terrain planté.François Salviat - 1972 - Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 96 (1):363-373.
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  44. Cancellation of Bail.Deepa Kansra - 2019 - Delhi, India: Bail: Law and Practice in India, Indian Law Institute, India.
    BAIL JURISPRUDENCE in India (as in other common law countries) has evolved laying emphasis on the right to liberty of the accused as opposed to the requirement of the State to keep him/her under custody... The mechanism for cancellation of bail is provided in law in order to ensure that justice will be done to the society by preventing the accused who had been set at liberty by the bail order from tampering with the evidence in a heinous crime. At (...)
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  45. Foundations of Probability.Rachael Briggs - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 44 (6):625-640.
    The foundations of probability are viewed through the lens of the subjectivist interpretation. This article surveys conditional probability, arguments for probabilism, probability dynamics, and the evidential and subjective interpretations of probability.
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  46.  87
    Rights and Value: Construing the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights as Civil Commons.Giorgio Baruchello & Rachael Lorna Johnstone - 2011 - Studies in Social Justice 5 (1):91-125.
    This article brings together the United Nations’ International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and John McMurtry’s theory of value. In this perspective, the ICESCR is construed as a prime example of “civil commons,” while McMurtry’s theory of value is proposed as a tool of interpretation of the covenant. In particular, McMurtry’s theory of value is a hermeneutical device capable of highlighting: (a) what alternative conception of value systemically operates against the fulfilment of the rights enshrined in the (...)
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  47. The Discursive Construction of Intelligence in Introductory Educational Psychology Textbooks.Rachael Gabriel & Jessica Nina Lester - 2014 - Discourse Studies 16 (6):776-791.
    The meaning of intelligence has varied across time and place, with these varied constructions holding consequences for people and society at large. There is, however, little consensus around what intelligence actually means and how the construct should be applied. Educational discourses, including textbooks used to train teachers, have commonly been the site for the dissemination of ‘authoritative’ information surrounding intelligence. In this article, we present findings from a discourse analysis informed by discursive psychology of passages related to defining and measuring (...)
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  48.  17
    Social Ontology, Normativity and Law.Rachael Mellin, Raimo Tuomela & Miguel Garcia-Godinez (eds.) - 2020 - Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter.
    This volume contains the proceedings of the Social Ontology, Normativity, and Philosophy of Law conference, which took place on May 30–31, 2019 at the University of Glasgow. At the invitation of the Social Ontology Research Group, a panel of prominent scholars shed light on a range of key topics within social ontology, normativity, and philosophy of law from an interdisciplinary perspective.
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  49. Rachael M. Kydd, Reason and Conduct in Hume's Treatise. [REVIEW]S. H. Mellone - 1945 - Hibbert Journal 44:382.
  50.  3
    A. Joan Saab. Objects of Vision: Making Sense of What We See. (Perspectives on Sensory History, 3.) 150 Pp., Illus., Notes, Bibl., Index. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2020. $69.95 (Cloth); ISBN 9780271088105. E-Book Available. [REVIEW]Rachael Z. DeLue - 2022 - Isis 113 (1):169-170.
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