Results for 'Rachel A. Nakash'

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  1.  49
    Response and non-response to postal questionnaire follow-up in a clinical trial – a qualitative study of the patient’s perspective.Rachel A. Nakash, Jane L. Hutton, Sarah E. Lamb, Simon Gates & Joanne Fisher - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (2):226-235.
  2. Repertoires: A post-Kuhnian perspective on scientific change and collaborative research.Rachel A. Ankeny & Sabina Leonelli - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 60:18-28.
  3.  32
    Developing a Reflexive, Anticipatory, and Deliberative Approach to Unanticipated Discoveries: Ethical Lessons from iBlastoids.Rachel A. Ankeny, Megan J. Munsie & Joan Leach - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (1):36-45.
    In this paper, we explore the recent creation of “iBlastoids,” which are 3-D structures that resemble early human embryos prior to implantation which formed via self-organization of reprogrammed ad...
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  4.  51
    Marvelling at the Marvel: The Supposed Conversion of A. D. Darbishire to Mendelism.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (2):315 - 347.
    The so-called "biometric-Mendelian controversy" has received much attention from science studies scholars. This paper focuses on one scientist involved in this debate, Arthur Dukinfield Darbishire, who performed a series of hybridization experiments with mice beginning in 1901. Previous historical work on Darbishire's experiments and his later attempt to reconcile Mendelian and biometric views describe Darbishire as eventually being "converted" to Mendelism. I provide a new analysis of this episode in the context of Darbishire's experimental results, his underlying epistemology, and his (...)
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  5. What’s so special about model organisms?Rachel A. Ankeny & Sabina Leonelli - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (2):313-323.
    This paper aims to identify the key characteristics of model organisms that make them a specific type of model within the contemporary life sciences: in particular, we argue that the term “model organism” does not apply to all organisms used for the purposes of experimental research. We explore the differences between experimental and model organisms in terms of their material and epistemic features, and argue that it is essential to distinguish between their representational scope and representational target. We also examine (...)
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  6.  53
    Making Organisms Model Human Behavior: Situated Models in North-American Alcohol Research, since 1950.Rachel A. Ankeny, Sabina Leonelli, Nicole C. Nelson & Edmund Ramsden - 2014 - Science in Context 27 (3):485-509.
    ArgumentWe examine the criteria used to validate the use of nonhuman organisms in North-American alcohol addiction research from the 1950s to the present day. We argue that this field, where the similarities between behaviors in humans and non-humans are particularly difficult to assess, has addressed questions of model validity by transforming the situatedness of non-human organisms into an experimental tool. We demonstrate that model validity does not hinge on the standardization of one type of organism in isolation, as often the (...)
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  7. The Moral Status of Preferences for Directed Donation: Who Should Decide Who Gets Transplantable Organs?Rachel A. Ankeny - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (4):387-398.
    Bioethics has entered a new era: as many commentators have noted, the familiar mantra of autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice has proven to be an overly simplistic framework for understanding problems that arise in modern medicine, particularly at the intersection of public policy and individual preferences. A tradition of liberal pluralism grounds respect for individual preferences and affirmation of competing conceptions of the good. But we struggle to maintain (or at times explicitly reject) this tradition in the face of individual (...)
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  8.  49
    Model Organisms as Models: Understanding the 'Lingua Franca' of the Human Genome Project.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (S3):S251-S261.
    Through an examination of the actual research strategies and assumptions underlying the Human Genome Project, it is argued that the epistemic basis of the initial model organism programs is not best understood as reasoning via causal analog models. In order to answer a series of questions about what is being modeled and what claims about the models are warranted, a descriptive epistemological method is employed that uses historical techniques to develop detailed accounts which, in turn, help to reveal forms of (...)
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  9.  44
    Testing the Correlates of Consciousness in Brain Organoids: How Do We Know and What Do We Do?Rachel A. Ankeny & Ernst Wolvetang - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):51-53.
    What consciousness exactly is remains an unsettled issue among both philosophers and biologists. Three aspects of consciousness are generally recognized: awareness consciousness (through connection...
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  10.  39
    Buying in: the influence of interactions at farmers’ markets.Rachel A. Carson, Zoe Hamel, Kelly Giarrocco, Rebecca Baylor & Leah Greden Mathews - 2016 - Agriculture and Human Values 33 (4):861-875.
    Many consumers are motivated to attend Farmers’ Markets because of the opportunity to purchase fresh and local products. The subsequent interactions at FMs provide an important pathway for the direct exchange of information. While previous research suggests that people value local food and the FM shopping experience and that purchasing directly from producers can lead to transformative learning, little is known about exactly how the shopping experience at FMs can influence consumer purchasing behavior. This study examines the extent of and (...)
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  11.  92
    The Overlooked Role of Cases in Casual Attribution in Medicine.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (5):999-1011.
    Although cases are central to the epistemic practices utilized within clinical medicine, they appear to be limited in their ability to provide evidence about causal relations because they provide detailed accounts of particular patients without explicit filtering of those attributes most likely to be relevant for explaining the phenomena observed. This paper uses a series of recent case reports to explore the role of cases in casual attribution in medical diagnosis. It is argued that cases are brought together by practitioners (...)
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  12. Fashioning descriptive models in biology: Of Worms and wiring diagrams.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):272.
    The biological sciences have become increasingly reliant on so-called 'model organisms'. I argue that in this domain, the concept of a descriptive model is essential for understanding scientific practice. Using a case study, I show how such a model was formulated in a preexplanatory context for subsequent use as a prototype from which explanations ultimately may be generated both within the immediate domain of the original model and in additional, related domains. To develop this concept of a descriptive model, I (...)
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  13. Model organisms as models: Understanding the 'lingua Franca' of the human genome project.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2001 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S251-.
    Through an examination of the actual research strategies and assumptions underlying the Human Genome Project (HGP), it is argued that the epistemic basis of the initial model organism programs is not best understood as reasoning via causal analog models (CAMs). In order to answer a series of questions about what is being modeled and what claims about the models are warranted, a descriptive epistemological method is employed that uses historical techniques to develop detailed accounts which, in turn, help to reveal (...)
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  14.  37
    Values of Australian Meat Consumers Related to Sheep and Beef Cattle Welfare: What Makes a Good Life and a Good Death?Rachel A. Ankeny, Heather J. Bray & Emily A. Buddle - 2022 - Food Ethics 8 (1):1-17.
    There has been growing global interest in livestock animal welfare. Previous research into attitudes towards animal welfare has focused on Europe and the United States, with comparatively little focus on Australia, which is an important location due to the prominent position of agriculture economically and culturally. In this article, we present results from qualitative research on how Australian meat consumers conceptualise sheep and beef cattle welfare. The study was conducted in two capital cities (Melbourne, Victoria and Adelaide, South Australia) and (...)
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  15.  41
    Midwives, Their Employers and the UKCC: an Eternally Unethical Triangle.Rachel A. Clarke - 1995 - Nursing Ethics 2 (3):247-253.
    The majority of midwives in the UK are employed within the NHS. They are legally bound to fulfil their contractual obligations to their employers. At the same time they are professionally mandated to interpret and act on the UKCC's Code of professional conduct. Midwives have always maintained that they are autonomous practitioners, and the Code is written in a way that endorses this belief. Underlying the Code is the assumption that midwives have moral and professional freedom to act on its (...)
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  16.  22
    Inviting Everyone to the Table: Strategies for More Effective and Legitimate Food Policy via Deliberative Approaches.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2016 - Journal of Social Philosophy 47 (1):10-24.
  17.  40
    Bioethics Authorship in Context: How Trends in Biomedicine Challenge Bioethics.Rachel A. Ankeny & Sabina Leonelli - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (10):22 - 24.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 10, Page 22-24, October 2011.
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  18.  34
    Detecting Themes and Variations: The Use of Cases in Developmental Biology.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (5):644-654.
    This article unpacks a particular use of ‘cases’ within developmental biology, namely as a means of describing the typical or canonical patterns of phenomena. The article explores how certain cases have come to be established within the field and argues that although they were initially selected for reasons of convenience or ease of experimental manipulation, these cases come to serve as key reference points within the field because of the epistemological structures imposed on them by the scientists using them and, (...)
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  19.  61
    Studies A, B, and C merger.Rachel A. Ankeny, James Ladyman & Darrell Rowbottom - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
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  20.  95
    Re-thinking organisms: The impact of databases on model organism biology.Sabina Leonelli & Rachel A. Ankeny - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (1):29-36.
    Community databases have become crucial to the collection, ordering and retrieval of data gathered on model organisms, as well as to the ways in which these data are interpreted and used across a range of research contexts. This paper analyses the impact of community databases on research practices in model organism biology by focusing on the history and current use of four community databases: FlyBase, Mouse Genome Informatics, WormBase and The Arabidopsis Information Resource. We discuss the standards used by the (...)
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  21.  30
    Historiographic reflections on model organisms: Or how the mureaucracy may be limiting our understanding of contemporary genetics and genomics.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2010 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 32 (1).
  22.  47
    Dealing Drugs with the Bush.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (3):241-244.
    The past year in bioethics in Australia has been relatively predictable. We continue to struggle with rising healthcare costs, though thankfully not on par with numerous other countries due to a relatively positive economic outlook. We are still fighting difficulties associated with higher medical indemnity costs, which have again caused many physicians to leave private practice, particularly in high-risk and specialty practice areas. In response, the federal government delayed the imposition of the medical indemnity levy for physicians until mid 2005. (...)
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  23.  23
    “If We're Happy to Eat It, Why Wouldn't We Be Happy to Give It to Our Children?” Articulating the Complexities Underlying Women's Ethical Views on Genetically Modified Food.Rachel A. Ankeny & Heather J. Bray - 2016 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 9 (1):166-191.
    I’m sick of being treated like a dumb Mum who doesn’t understand the science. As far as I’m concerned, my family’s health is just too important. … If the government can’t protect the safety of my family, then I will.Recent Greenpeace activism in Australia resulted in the destruction of a field trial of a line of wheat “designed” to improve human nutrition. This incident demonstrates that, while there is significant ongoing public and private investment in genetically modified crop research and (...)
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  24.  26
    Listeners use speaker identity to access representations of spatial perspective during online language comprehension.Rachel A. Ryskin, Ranxiao Frances Wang & Sarah Brown-Schmidt - 2016 - Cognition 147 (C):75-84.
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  25.  13
    Sweat the Fall Stuff: Physical Activity Moderates the Association of White Matter Hyperintensities With Falls Risk in Older Adults.Rachel A. Crockett, Ryan S. Falck, Elizabeth Dao, Chun Liang Hsu, Roger Tam, Walid Alkeridy & Teresa Liu-Ambrose - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Background: Falls in older adults are a major public health problem. White matter hyperintensities are highly prevalent in older adults and are a risk factor for falls. In the absence of a cure for WMHs, identifying potential strategies to counteract the risk of WMHs on falls are of great importance. Physical activity is a promising countermeasure to reduce both WMHs and falls risk. However, no study has yet investigated whether PA attenuates the association of WMHs with falls risk. We hypothesized (...)
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  26.  18
    Geneticization in MIM/OMIM®? Exploring Historic and Epistemic Drivers of Contemporary Understandings of Genetic Disease.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 42 (4):367-384.
    Prior to the genomic sequencing era, the bible for those working in clinical genetics was McKusick’s Mendelian Inheritance in Man, which appeared in multiple editions between the 1960s and the late 1990s. This catalogue was organized according to general patterns of inheritance and focused on phenotypes. Beginning in the mid-1980s, it was replaced by Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, a continuously updated catalogue documenting molecular relationships between genetic variation and phenotypic expression. This paper explores this resource’s evolution with attention to (...)
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  27. The case study in medicine.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2016 - In Miriam Solomon, Jeremy R. Simon & Harold Kincaid (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  28.  20
    Learning Not Just From But With Citizens: The Importance of Co-Design in Health-Related Social Research.Rachel A. Ankeny & Helen Barrie - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (8):54-56.
    In recent years, there has been a distinct shift in the relationship between science and society. We have moved away from the classic unidirectional “deficit” model (Simis et al. 2016) focused on t...
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  29.  25
    Explaining default intuitions using maximum entropy.Rachel A. Bourne - 2003 - Journal of Applied Logic 1 (3-4):255-271.
  30.  43
    How to choose your research organism.Michael R. Dietrich, Rachel A. Ankeny, Nathan Crowe, Sara Green & Sabina Leonelli - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 80:101227.
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  31.  10
    6 Victims or Offenders?Rachel A. Bloul - 1997 - In Kathy Davis (ed.), Embodied practices: feminist perspectives on the body. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications. pp. 1--93.
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  32.  23
    7. Valuing Data in Postgenomic Biology.Rachel A. Ankeny & Sabina Leonelli - 2015 - In Sarah S. Richardson & Hallam Stevens (eds.), Postgenomics: Perspectives on Biology after the Genome. Duke University Press. pp. 126-149.
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  33.  35
    Individual responsibility and reproduction.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2007 - In Rosamond Rhodes, Leslie Francis & Anita Silvers (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Medical Ethics. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 38–51.
    The prelims comprise: Why Is Reproductive Choice Important? Is There a Right to Reproduce? Is There a Duty to Reproduce? Are There Duties Not to Reproduce? Responsibilities in Reproductive Decisions Are There Rights to Rear Children? Conclusions References.
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  34.  23
    Back to Basics for Bioethics.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2003 - Metascience 12 (2):177-182.
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  35.  12
    Bringing Data Out of the Shadows.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2017 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 42 (2):306-310.
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  36.  28
    Recasting the Debate on Multiple Listing for Transplantation through Consideration of Both Principles and Practice.Rachel A. Ankeny - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (3):330-339.
    Debates continue to surround the system in the United States for allocating transplantable cadaveric organs, due in large part to the scarcity of such organs in relation to the number of individuals waiting to undergo transplantation. Candidates awaiting transplantation gain access to cadaveric organs by being placed by individual transplant programs on the national list of the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network, overseen by the United Network for Organ Sharing. In recent years, the UNOS board has visited the issue of (...)
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  37.  28
    No Real Categories, Only Chimeras and Illusions: The Interplay between Morality and Science in Debates over Embryonic Chimeras.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):31-33.
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  38.  12
    Comments on “On Being Reasonably Different”.Rachel A. Johnson - 2017 - Southwest Philosophy Review 33 (2):27-30.
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  39.  17
    Book Forum.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 84:101330.
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  40.  54
    Do Physicians Disclose Uncertainty When Discussing Prognosis in Grave Critical Illness?Rachel A. Schuster, Seo Yeon Hong, Robert M. Arnold & Douglas B. White - 2012 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 2 (2):125-135.
    Objective: Even when critically ill patients are almost certain to die from their illnesses, there is generally an element of prognostic uncertainty. Little is known about how physicians handle this uncertainty in conversations with surrogate decision makers. We sought to evaluate whether and how physicians discuss prognostic uncertainty with surrogate decision makers of patients who are highly likely, but not certain, to die. Design: We audiotaped and transcribed discussions between clinicians and surrogate decision makers at two major California teaching hospitals (...)
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  41.  14
    Philosophy of Biology, Psychology, and Neuroscience-The Organism in Philosophical Focus-Fashioning Descriptive Models in Biology: Of Worms and Wiring Diagrams.Manfred D. Laubichier & Rachel A. Ankeny - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):S260-S272.
    The biological sciences have become increasingly reliant on so-called ‘model organisms’. I argue that in this domain, the concept of a descriptive model is essential for understanding scientific practice. Using a case study, I show how such a model was formulated in a preexplanatory context for subsequent use as a prototype from which explanations ultimately may be generated both within the immediate domain of the original model and in additional, related domains. To develop this concept of a descriptive model, I (...)
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  42.  95
    How history and philosophy of science and medicine could save the life of bioethics.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2003 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (1):115 – 125.
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  43.  21
    Bimanual Reach to Grasp Movements in Youth With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder.Rachel A. Rodgers, Brittany G. Travers & Andrea H. Mason - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  44.  37
    On not taking objective risk assessments at face value.Rachel A. Ankeny & Ian Kerridge - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):35 – 37.
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  45.  45
    Parahippocampal cortex activation during context reinstatement predicts item recollection.Rachel A. Diana, Andrew P. Yonelinas & Charan Ranganath - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (4):1287.
  46.  23
    Victims or Offenders?: 'Other' Women in French Sexual Politics.Rachel A. Bloul - 1996 - European Journal of Women's Studies 3 (3):251-268.
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  47.  20
    The influence of linguistic form and causal explanations on the development of social essentialism.Josie Benitez, Rachel A. Leshin & Marjorie Rhodes - 2022 - Cognition 229 (C):105246.
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  48.  11
    Assessing Mathematics Misunderstandings via Bayesian Inverse Planning.Anna N. Rafferty, Rachel A. Jansen & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (10):e12900.
    Online educational technologies offer opportunities for providing individualized feedback and detailed profiles of students' skills. Yet many technologies for mathematics education assess students based only on the correctness of either their final answers or responses to individual steps. In contrast, examining the choices students make for how to solve the equation and the ways in which they might answer incorrectly offers the opportunity to obtain a more nuanced perspective of their algebra skills. To automatically make sense of step‐by‐step solutions, we (...)
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  49.  16
    Matthew Smith. Another Person’s Poison: A History of Food Allergy. xii + 290 pp., bibl., index. New York: Columbia University Press, 2015. $29.95. [REVIEW]Rachel A. Ankeny - 2016 - Isis 107 (4):888-889.
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  50.  17
    Short-term group schema therapy for mixed personality disorders: a pilot study.Sally A. Skewes, Rachel A. Samson, Susan G. Simpson & Michiel van Vreeswijk - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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