Results for 'Rachel A. Schwartz'

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  1.  22
    Retail Relations: An Interlocking Directorate Analysis of Food Retailing Corporations in the United States. [REVIEW]Rachel A. Schwartz & Thomas A. Lyson - 2007 - Agriculture and Human Values 24 (4):489-498.
    The US food retailing industry continues to concentrate and consolidate. Power in the agriculture, food, and nutrition system has shifted from producers to processors, and is now shifting to retailers. Currently, only eight food-retailing corporations control the majority of food sales in the United States. Expanding on previous research by Lyson and Raymer (2000, Agriculture and Human Values 17: 199–208), this paper examines the characteristics of the boards of directors of the leading food retailing corporations and the indirect interlocks that (...)
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  2.  91
    Repertoires: A Post-Kuhnian Perspective on Scientific Change and Collaborative Research.Rachel A. Ankeny & Sabina Leonelli - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 60:18-28.
  3. Imaging Recollection and Familiarity in the Medial Temporal Lobe: A Three-Component Model.Rachel A. Diana, Andrew P. Yonelinas & Charan Ranganath - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (9):379-386.
  4.  91
    Cortical Speech Processing Unplugged: A Timely Subcortico-Cortical Framework.Sonja A. Kotz & Michael Schwartze - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (9):392-399.
  5.  10
    Developing a Reflexive, Anticipatory, and Deliberative Approach to Unanticipated Discoveries: Ethical Lessons From iBlastoids.Rachel A. Ankeny, Megan J. Munsie & Joan Leach - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (1):36-45.
    In this paper, we explore the recent creation of “iBlastoids,” which are 3-D structures that resemble early human embryos prior to implantation which formed via self-organization of reprogrammed ad...
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  6. What’s so Special About Model Organisms?Rachel A. Ankeny & Sabina Leonelli - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (2):313-323.
    This paper aims to identify the key characteristics of model organisms that make them a specific type of model within the contemporary life sciences: in particular, we argue that the term “model organism” does not apply to all organisms used for the purposes of experimental research. We explore the differences between experimental and model organisms in terms of their material and epistemic features, and argue that it is essential to distinguish between their representational scope and representational target. We also examine (...)
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  7.  85
    Fashioning Descriptive Models in Biology: Of Worms and Wiring Diagrams.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):272.
    The biological sciences have become increasingly reliant on so-called 'model organisms'. I argue that in this domain, the concept of a descriptive model is essential for understanding scientific practice. Using a case study, I show how such a model was formulated in a preexplanatory context for subsequent use as a prototype from which explanations ultimately may be generated both within the immediate domain of the original model and in additional, related domains. To develop this concept of a descriptive model, I (...)
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  8. Model Organisms as Models: Understanding the 'Lingua Franca' of the Human Genome Project.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2001 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S251-.
    Through an examination of the actual research strategies and assumptions underlying the Human Genome Project (HGP), it is argued that the epistemic basis of the initial model organism programs is not best understood as reasoning via causal analog models (CAMs). In order to answer a series of questions about what is being modeled and what claims about the models are warranted, a descriptive epistemological method is employed that uses historical techniques to develop detailed accounts which, in turn, help to reveal (...)
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  9.  10
    Perspective-Taking in Comprehension, Production, and Memory: An Individual Differences Approach.Rachel A. Ryskin, Aaron S. Benjamin, Jonathan Tullis & Sarah Brown-Schmidt - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (5):898-915.
  10.  29
    Marvelling at the Marvel: The Supposed Conversion of A. D. Darbishire to Mendelism. [REVIEW]Rachel A. Ankeny - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (2):315 - 347.
    The so-called "biometric-Mendelian controversy" has received much attention from science studies scholars. This paper focuses on one scientist involved in this debate, Arthur Dukinfield Darbishire, who performed a series of hybridization experiments with mice beginning in 1901. Previous historical work on Darbishire's experiments and his later attempt to reconcile Mendelian and biometric views describe Darbishire as eventually being "converted" to Mendelism. I provide a new analysis of this episode in the context of Darbishire's experimental results, his underlying epistemology, and his (...)
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  11.  21
    Model Organisms as Models: Understanding the 'Lingua Franca' of the Human Genome Project.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (S3):S251-S261.
    Through an examination of the actual research strategies and assumptions underlying the Human Genome Project, it is argued that the epistemic basis of the initial model organism programs is not best understood as reasoning via causal analog models. In order to answer a series of questions about what is being modeled and what claims about the models are warranted, a descriptive epistemological method is employed that uses historical techniques to develop detailed accounts which, in turn, help to reveal forms of (...)
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  12.  36
    Studies A, B, and C Merger.Rachel A. Ankeny, James Ladyman & Darrell Rowbottom - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
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  13.  43
    The Overlooked Role of Cases in Casual Attribution in Medicine.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (5):999-1011.
    Although cases are central to the epistemic practices utilized within clinical medicine, they appear to be limited in their ability to provide evidence about causal relations because they provide detailed accounts of particular patients without explicit filtering of those attributes most likely to be relevant for explaining the phenomena observed. This paper uses a series of recent case reports to explore the role of cases in casual attribution in medical diagnosis. It is argued that cases are brought together by practitioners (...)
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  14.  23
    Historiographic Reflections on Model Organisms: Or How the Mureaucracy May Be Limiting Our Understanding of Contemporary Genetics and Genomics.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2010 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 32 (1).
  15.  51
    A View of Bioethics From Down Under.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (3):242-246.
    When I immigrated to Australia from the United States a few years ago, at first I found many similarities between the countries. But underneath the apparent similarities, notably a shared language, lay much deeper differences in history, politics, and culture that have considerable impacts on attitudes and approaches to issues in bioethics and medicine. For instance, debates continue regarding cloning and embryonic stem cell research, particularly given the long history of research in reproductive medicine and reproductive technologies in Australia. Although (...)
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  16.  36
    Response and Non-Response to Postal Questionnaire Follow-Up in a Clinical Trial – a Qualitative Study of the Patient’s Perspective.Rachel A. Nakash, Jane L. Hutton, Sarah E. Lamb, Simon Gates & Joanne Fisher - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (2):226-235.
  17.  30
    Making Organisms Model Human Behavior: Situated Models in North-American Alcohol Research, Since 1950.Rachel A. Ankeny, Sabina Leonelli, Nicole C. Nelson & Edmund Ramsden - 2014 - Science in Context 27 (3):485-509.
    ArgumentWe examine the criteria used to validate the use of nonhuman organisms in North-American alcohol addiction research from the 1950s to the present day. We argue that this field, where the similarities between behaviors in humans and non-humans are particularly difficult to assess, has addressed questions of model validity by transforming the situatedness of non-human organisms into an experimental tool. We demonstrate that model validity does not hinge on the standardization of one type of organism in isolation, as often the (...)
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  18.  19
    Buying In: The Influence of Interactions at Farmers’ Markets.Rachel A. Carson, Zoe Hamel, Kelly Giarrocco, Rebecca Baylor & Leah Greden Mathews - 2016 - Agriculture and Human Values 33 (4):861-875.
    Many consumers are motivated to attend Farmers’ Markets because of the opportunity to purchase fresh and local products. The subsequent interactions at FMs provide an important pathway for the direct exchange of information. While previous research suggests that people value local food and the FM shopping experience and that purchasing directly from producers can lead to transformative learning, little is known about exactly how the shopping experience at FMs can influence consumer purchasing behavior. This study examines the extent of and (...)
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  19.  23
    Testing the Correlates of Consciousness in Brain Organoids: How Do We Know and What Do We Do?Rachel A. Ankeny & Ernst Wolvetang - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):51-53.
    What consciousness exactly is remains an unsettled issue among both philosophers and biologists. Three aspects of consciousness are generally recognized: awareness consciousness (through connection...
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  20.  36
    Corrigendum: Imaging Recollection and Familiarity in the Medial Temporal Lobe: A Three-Component Model.Rachel A. Diana, Andrew P. Yonelinas & Charan Ranganath - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (4):128.
  21.  71
    Re-Thinking Organisms: The Impact of Databases on Model Organism Biology.Sabina Leonelli & Rachel A. Ankeny - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (1):29-36.
    Community databases have become crucial to the collection, ordering and retrieval of data gathered on model organisms, as well as to the ways in which these data are interpreted and used across a range of research contexts. This paper analyses the impact of community databases on research practices in model organism biology by focusing on the history and current use of four community databases: FlyBase, Mouse Genome Informatics, WormBase and The Arabidopsis Information Resource. We discuss the standards used by the (...)
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  22.  89
    The Moral Status of Preferences for Directed Donation: Who Should Decide Who Gets Transplantable Organs?Rachel A. Ankeny - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (4):387-398.
    Bioethics has entered a new era: as many commentators have noted, the familiar mantra of autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice has proven to be an overly simplistic framework for understanding problems that arise in modern medicine, particularly at the intersection of public policy and individual preferences. A tradition of liberal pluralism grounds respect for individual preferences and affirmation of competing conceptions of the good. But we struggle to maintain (or at times explicitly reject) this tradition in the face of individual (...)
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  23.  20
    Listeners Use Speaker Identity to Access Representations of Spatial Perspective During Online Language Comprehension.Rachel A. Ryskin, Ranxiao Frances Wang & Sarah Brown-Schmidt - 2016 - Cognition 147:75-84.
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  24.  19
    Detecting Themes and Variations: The Use of Cases in Developmental Biology.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (5):644-654.
    This article unpacks a particular use of ‘cases’ within developmental biology, namely as a means of describing the typical or canonical patterns of phenomena. The article explores how certain cases have come to be established within the field and argues that although they were initially selected for reasons of convenience or ease of experimental manipulation, these cases come to serve as key reference points within the field because of the epistemological structures imposed on them by the scientists using them and, (...)
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  25.  77
    Recollection, Familiarity and Memory Strength: Confusion About Confounds.Rachel A. Diana & Charan Ranganath - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (8):337-338.
  26.  11
    How to Choose Your Research Organism.Michael R. Dietrich, Rachel A. Ankeny, Nathan Crowe, Sara Green & Sabina Leonelli - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 80:101227.
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  27.  11
    Matthew Smith. Another Person’s Poison: A History of Food Allergy. Xii + 290 Pp., Bibl., Index. New York: Columbia University Press, 2015. $29.95. [REVIEW]Rachel A. Ankeny - 2016 - Isis 107 (4):888-889.
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  28.  45
    Do Physicians Disclose Uncertainty When Discussing Prognosis in Grave Critical Illness?Rachel A. Schuster, Seo Yeon Hong, Robert M. Arnold & Douglas B. White - 2012 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 2 (2):125-135.
  29.  28
    Angela N.H. Creager, The Life of a Virus: Tobacco Mosaic Virus as an Experimental Model, 1930–1965. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002. [REVIEW]Rachel A. Ankeny - 2003 - Metascience 12 (3):341-344.
  30.  13
    Janelle A. Schwartz. Worm Work: Recasting Romanticism. Xxv + 277 Pp., Bibl., Index. Minneapolis/London: University of Minnesota Press, 2012. $27.50. [REVIEW]Noah Heringman - 2014 - Isis 105 (1):240-241.
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  31.  32
    Parahippocampal Cortex Activation During Context Reinstatement Predicts Item Recollection.Rachel A. Diana, Andrew P. Yonelinas & Charan Ranganath - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (4):1287.
  32.  13
    (A.) Schwartz Reinstating the Hoplite: Arms, Armour and Phalanx Fighting in Archaic and Classical Greece (Historia Einzelschriften 207). Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2009. Pp. 337. €64. 9783515093309. [REVIEW]Fernando Echeverría Rey - 2011 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 131:206-.
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  33.  4
    Geneticization in MIM/OMIM®? Exploring Historic and Epistemic Drivers of Contemporary Understandings of Genetic Disease.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 42 (4):367-384.
    Prior to the genomic sequencing era, the bible for those working in clinical genetics was McKusick’s Mendelian Inheritance in Man, which appeared in multiple editions between the 1960s and the late 1990s. This catalogue was organized according to general patterns of inheritance and focused on phenotypes. Beginning in the mid-1980s, it was replaced by Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, a continuously updated catalogue documenting molecular relationships between genetic variation and phenotypic expression. This paper explores this resource’s evolution with attention to (...)
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  34.  12
    Cell Death Suffers a TKO.Barbara A. Osborne & Lawrence M. Schwartz - 1995 - Bioessays 17 (6):557-559.
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  35.  9
    Short-Term Group Schema Therapy for Mixed Personality Disorders: A Pilot Study.Sally A. Skewes, Rachel A. Samson, Susan G. Simpson & Michiel van Vreeswijk - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  36.  7
    Inviting Everyone to the Table: Strategies for More Effective and Legitimate Food Policy Via Deliberative Approaches.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2016 - Journal of Social Philosophy 47 (1):10-24.
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  37.  1
    Teaching the Art and Science of Logic: A Manual for the Instructor.Daniel A. Bonevac & Andrew Schwartz - 1990 - Mountain View, CA, USA: Mayfield.
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  38.  81
    How History and Philosophy of Science and Medicine Could Save the Life of Bioethics.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2003 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (1):115 – 125.
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  39.  14
    The Bermuda Triangle: The Pragmatics, Policies, and Principles for Data Sharing in the History of the Human Genome Project.Kathryn Maxson Jones, Rachel A. Ankeny & Robert Cook-Deegan - 2018 - Journal of the History of Biology 51 (4):693-805.
    The Bermuda Principles for DNA sequence data sharing are an enduring legacy of the Human Genome Project. They were adopted by the HGP at a strategy meeting in Bermuda in February of 1996 and implemented in formal policies by early 1998, mandating daily release of HGP-funded DNA sequences into the public domain. The idea of daily sharing, we argue, emanated directly from strategies for large, goal-directed molecular biology projects first tested within the “community” of C. elegans researchers, and were introduced (...)
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  40.  7
    The Mismeasure of Memory: When Retrieval Fluency is Misleading as a Metamnemonic Index.Aaron S. Benjamin, Robert A. Bjork & Bennett L. Schwartz - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (1):55-68.
  41.  14
    Midwives, Their Employers and the UKCC: An Eternally Unethical Triangle.Rachel A. Clarke - 1995 - Nursing Ethics 2 (3):247-253.
    The majority of midwives in the UK are employed within the NHS. They are legally bound to fulfil their contractual obligations to their employers. At the same time they are professionally mandated to interpret and act on the UKCC's Code of professional conduct. Midwives have always maintained that they are autonomous practitioners, and the Code is written in a way that endorses this belief. Underlying the Code is the assumption that midwives have moral and professional freedom to act on its (...)
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  42.  9
    No Real Categories, Only Chimeras and Illusions: The Interplay Between Morality and Science in Debates Over Embryonic Chimeras.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):31-33.
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  43.  11
    Bimanual Reach to Grasp Movements in Youth With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder.Rachel A. Rodgers, Brittany G. Travers & Andrea H. Mason - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  44.  4
    6 Victims or Offenders?Rachel A. Bloul - 1997 - In Kathy Davis (ed.), Embodied Practices: Feminist Perspectives on the Body. Sage Publications. pp. 1--93.
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  45.  23
    On Not Taking Objective Risk Assessments at Face Value.Rachel A. Ankeny & Ian Kerridge - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):35 – 37.
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  46. Sweat the Fall Stuff: Physical Activity Moderates the Association of White Matter Hyperintensities With Falls Risk in Older Adults.Rachel A. Crockett, Ryan S. Falck, Elizabeth Dao, Chun Liang Hsu, Roger Tam, Walid Alkeridy & Teresa Liu-Ambrose - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Background: Falls in older adults are a major public health problem. White matter hyperintensities are highly prevalent in older adults and are a risk factor for falls. In the absence of a cure for WMHs, identifying potential strategies to counteract the risk of WMHs on falls are of great importance. Physical activity is a promising countermeasure to reduce both WMHs and falls risk. However, no study has yet investigated whether PA attenuates the association of WMHs with falls risk. We hypothesized (...)
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  47.  9
    Explaining Default Intuitions Using Maximum Entropy.Rachel A. Bourne - 2003 - Journal of Applied Logic 1 (3-4):255-271.
  48.  3
    Comments on “On Being Reasonably Different”.Rachel A. Johnson - 2017 - Southwest Philosophy Review 33 (2):27-30.
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  49.  86
    The Effect of Organizational Culture and Ethical Orientation on Accountants' Ethical Judgments.Patricia Casey Douglas, Ronald A. Davidson & Bill N. Schwartz - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 34 (2):101 - 121.
    This paper examines the relationship between organizational ethical culture in two large international CPA firms, auditors'' personal values and the ethical orientation that those values dictate, and judgments in ethical dilemmas typical of those that accountants face. Using an experimental task consisting of multiple judgments designed to vary in "moral intensity" (Jones, 1991), and unique as well as tried-and-true approaches to variable measurements, this study examined the judgments of more than three hundred participants in our study. ANCOVA and path analysis (...)
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  50. Bringing Data Out of the Shadows.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2017 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 42 (2):306-310.
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