Results for 'Rachel Lorna Johnstone'

999 found
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  1.  78
    Comment on Rights and Value: The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Addresses the Environment.Giorgio Baruchello & Rachel Lorna Johnstone - 2013 - Studies in Social Justice 7 (1):175-179.
  2.  69
    Rights and Value: Construing the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights as Civil Commons.Giorgio Baruchello & Rachael Lorna Johnstone - 2011 - Studies in Social Justice 5 (1):91-125.
    This article brings together the United Nations’ International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and John McMurtry’s theory of value. In this perspective, the ICESCR is construed as a prime example of “civil commons,” while McMurtry’s theory of value is proposed as a tool of interpretation of the covenant. In particular, McMurtry’s theory of value is a hermeneutical device capable of highlighting: (a) what alternative conception of value systemically operates against the fulfilment of the rights enshrined in the (...)
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  3.  23
    The Philosophy of Biology / by James Johnstone.James Johnstone - unknown
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  4.  19
    Henry W. Johnstone, Jr.: A Bibliography, 1948-1997.Henry W. Johnstone - 1998 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 31 (1):6 - 18.
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  5. Validity and Rhetoric in Philosophical Argument an Outlook in Transition /Henry W. Johnstone, Jr. --. --.Henry W. Johnstone - 1978 - Dialogue Press of Man & World, C1978.
     
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  6.  65
    Locke and Whately on the Argumentum Ad Hominem.Henry W. Johnstone - 1996 - Argumentation 10 (1):89-97.
    This is an exploration of what Locke and Whately said about the Argumentatum ad Hominem, especially in the context of what they said about the other ad arguments, and with a view to ascertaining whether what they said lends support to the understanding of this argument implicit in Johnstone's thesis that all valid philosophical arguments are ad hominem. It is concluded that this support is forthcoming insofar as Locke and Whately had in mind an argument concerned with principles.The essay (...)
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  7.  74
    Notes on Logic and Set Theory.P. T. Johnstone - 1987 - Cambridge University Press.
    A succinct introduction to mathematical logic and set theory, which together form the foundations for the rigorous development of mathematics. Suitable for all introductory mathematics undergraduates, Notes on Logic and Set Theory covers the basic concepts of logic: first-order logic, consistency, and the completeness theorem, before introducing the reader to the fundamentals of axiomatic set theory. Successive chapters examine the recursive functions, the axiom of choice, ordinal and cardinal arithmetic, and the incompleteness theorems. Dr. Johnstone has included numerous exercises (...)
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  8. The Philosophy of Biology.James Johnstone - 1914 - Cambridge University Press.
    Originally published in 1914, this book examines several key points of biological science through the lens of philosophy. Johnstone addresses the questions of consciousness, evolution and the activities of the organism, among others, with a special focus on the work of Driesch and Bergson. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in the philosophy of science.
     
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  9.  9
    Complemented Sublocales and Open Maps.Peter T. Johnstone - 2006 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 137 (1):240-255.
    We show that a morphism of locales is open if and only if all its pullbacks are skeletal in the sense of [P.T. Johnstone, Factorization theorems for geometric morphisms, II, in: Categorical Aspects of Topology and Analysis, in: Lecture Notes in Math., vol. 915, Springer-Verlag, 1982, pp. 216–233], i.e. pulling back along them preserves denseness of sublocales . This result may be viewed as the ‘dual’ of the well-known characterization of proper maps as those which are stably closed. We (...)
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  10.  51
    An Introduction to Feminism, by Lorna Finlayson.Fraser Rachel Elizabeth - 2017 - Mind 126 (504):1251-1259.
    © Mind Association 2017Philosophers are often rude about each other, but their rudeness tends to be off the record, anonymous or sneaked in under the bloodless academic lexicon of ‘the worry’, ‘the concern’ and ‘the potential limitation’. But Lorna Finlayson’s rudeness comes with no softening frills: against her tailored prose, her insults pop. They make for quite a treat: desert landscapes may be all very well, but there is no need for philosophical writing to share their wearying climate. Introductory (...)
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  11.  31
    'Moral Distress' - Time to Abandon a Flawed Nursing Construct?M. -J. Johnstone & A. Hutchinson - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (1):5-14.
  12. Aristotle on Sounds.Mark A. Johnstone - 2013 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 21 (5):631-48.
    In this paper I consider two related issues raised by Aristotle 's treatment of hearing and sounds. The first concerns the kinds of changes Aristotle takes to occur, in both perceptual medium and sense organs, when a perceiver hears a sounding object. The second issue concerns Aristotle 's views on the nature and location of the proper objects of auditory perception. I argue that Aristotle 's views on these topics are not what they have sometimes been taken to be, and (...)
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  13.  83
    Regulation of the Neural Circuitry of Emotion by Compassion Meditation: Effects of Meditative Expertise.Lutz Antoine, J. Brefczynski-Lewis, T. Johnstone & R. J. Davidson - manuscript
  14. Aristotle on Odour and Smell.Mark A. Johnstone - 2012 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 43:143-83.
    The sense of smell occupies a peculiar intermediate position within Aristotle's theory of sense perception: odours, like colours and sounds, are perceived at a distance through an external medium of air or water; yet in their nature they are intimately related to flavours, the proper objects of taste, which for Aristotle is a form of touch. In this paper, I examine Aristotle's claims about odour and smell, especially in De Anima II.9 and De Sensu 5, to see what light they (...)
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  15. Anarchic Souls: Plato’s Depiction of the ‘Democratic Man’.Mark Johnstone - 2013 - Phronesis 58 (2):139-59.
    In books 8 and 9 of Plato’s Republic, Socrates provides a detailed account of the nature and origins of four main kinds of vice found in political constitutions and in the kinds of people that correspond to them. The third of the four corrupt kinds of person he describes is the ‘democratic man’. In this paper, I ask what ‘rules’ in the democratic man’s soul. It is commonly thought that his soul is ruled in some way by its appetitive part, (...)
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  16. Changing Rulers in the Soul: Psychological Transitions in Republic 8-9.Mark A. Johnstone - 2011 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 41:139-67.
    In this paper, I consider how each of the four main kinds of corrupt person described in Plato's Republic, Books 8-9, first comes to be. Certain passages in these books can give the impression that each person is able to determine, by a kind of rational choice, the overall government of his/her soul. However, I argue, this impression is mistaken. Upon careful examination, the text of books 8 and 9 overwhelmingly supports an alternative interpretation. According to this view, the eventual (...)
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  17.  51
    Indestructible Strong Unfoldability.Joel David Hamkins & Thomas A. Johnstone - 2010 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 51 (3):291-321.
    Using the lottery preparation, we prove that any strongly unfoldable cardinal $\kappa$ can be made indestructible by all.
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  18.  48
    Technology as Empowerment: A Capability Approach to Computer Ethics. [REVIEW]Justine Johnstone - 2007 - Ethics and Information Technology 9 (1):73-87.
    Standard agent and action-based approaches in computer ethics tend to have difficulty dealing with complex systems-level issues such as the digital divide and globalisation. This paper argues for a value-based agenda to complement traditional approaches in computer ethics, and that one value-based approach well-suited to technological domains can be found in capability theory. Capability approaches have recently become influential in a number of fields with an ethical or policy dimension, but have not so far been applied in computer ethics. The (...)
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  19.  18
    Strongly Unfoldable Cardinals Made Indestructible.Thomas A. Johnstone - 2008 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 73 (4):1215-1248.
    I provide indestructibility results for large cardinals consistent with V = L, such as weakly compact, indescribable and strongly unfoldable cardinals. The Main Theorem shows that any strongly unfoldable cardinal κ can be made indestructible by <κ-closed. κ-proper forcing. This class of posets includes for instance all <κ-closed posets that are either κ -c.c, or ≤κ-strategically closed as well as finite iterations of such posets. Since strongly unfoldable cardinals strengthen both indescribable and weakly compact cardinals, the Main Theorem therefore makes (...)
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  20. Restorative Justice: Ideas, Values, Debates.Gerry Johnstone - 2002 - Willan.
    Machine generated contents note: 1 Introduction 1 -- 2 Central themes and critical issues 10 -- Introduction 10 -- Core themes 11 -- Differences which have surfaced in the move from -- margins to mainstream 15 -- The claims of restorative justice: a brief examination 21 -- Some limitations of restorative justice 25 -- Some dangers of restorative justice 29 -- Debunking restorative justice 32 -- 3 Reviving restorative justice traditions 36 -- The rebirth of an ancient practice 36 -- (...)
     
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  21.  50
    Nursing and Justice as a Basic Human Need.Megan-Jane Johnstone - 2011 - Nursing Philosophy 12 (1):34-44.
  22.  53
    The Deep Bodily Roots of Emotion.Albert A. Johnstone - 2012 - Husserl Studies 28 (3):179-200.
    This article explores emotions and their relationship to ‘somatic responses’, i.e., one’s automatic responses to sensations of pain, cold, warmth, sudden intensity. To this end, it undertakes a Husserlian phenomenological analysis of the first-hand experience of eight basic emotions, briefly exploring their essential aspects: their holistic nature, their identifying dynamic transformation of the lived body, their two-layered intentionality, their involuntary initiation and voluntary espousal. The fact that the involuntary tensional shifts initiating emotions are irreplicatable voluntarily, is taken to show that (...)
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  23.  29
    Psychophysiological Responses to Appraisal Dimensions in a Computer Game.Carien van Reekum, Tom Johnstone, Rainer Banse, Alexandre Etter, Thomas Wehrle & Klaus Scherer - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (5):663-688.
  24. The Liar Syndrome.Albert A. Johnstone - 2002 - SATS 3 (1):37-55.
    This article examines the various Liar paradoxes and their near kin, Grelling’s paradox and Gödel’s Incompleteness Theorem with its self-referential Gödel sentence. It finds the family of paradoxes to be generated by circular definition–whether of statements, predicates, or sentences–a manoeuvre that generates the fatal disorders of the Liar syndrome: semantic vacuity, semantic incoherence, and predicative catalepsy. Afflicted statements, such as the self-referential Liar statement, fail to be genuine statements. Hence they say nothing, a point that invalidates the reasoning on which (...)
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  25. The Relevance of Nonsymbolic Cognition to Husserl's Fifth Meditation.Albert A. Johnstone - 1999 - Philosophy Today 43 (supplement):88-98.
  26. Cause, Implication, and Dialectic.Henry W. Johnstone - 1953 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14 (3):400-404.
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  27. Doctor's Diagnosis Sustained.Albert A. Johnstone - 2002 - SATS 3 (2):142-153.
    This article is a sequel to ‘The Liar Syndrome’. It answers in detail the various criticisms of the latter expressed by Roy T. Cook in his article, ‘Curing the Liar Syndrome’, appearing in SATS/Nordic Journal of Philosophy, 3 (2): 126-141 (2002).
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  28.  20
    Why Emotion?Albert A. Johnstone - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (9-10):15-38.
    The various roles proposed for emotion, whether psychological such as preparing for action or serving prior concerns, or biological such as protecting and promoting well-being, are easily shown to have an awkward number of exceptions. This paper attempts to explain why. To this end it undertakes a Husserlian phenomenological examination of first-person experience of two types of responses, the various somatic responses elicited by sensations (pain, cold, pleasure, sudden intensity) and the various personal directed emotions (grief, fear, affection, joy). The (...)
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  29.  15
    The Rejection of Infinite Postponement as a Philosophical Argument.Henry W. Johnstone - 1996 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 10 (2):92 - 104.
  30. Listening to the Logos: Speech and the Coming of Wisdom in Ancient Greece.Christopher Lyle Johnstone - 2009 - University of South Carolina Press.
    Prologue -- The Greek stones speak : toward an archaeology of consciousness -- Singing the muses' song : myth, wisdom, and speech -- Physis, kosmos, logos : presocratic thought and the emergence of nature-consciousness -- Sophistical wisdom, Socratic wisdom, and the political life -- Civic wisdom, divine wisdom : Socrates, Plato, and two visions for the Athenian citizen -- Speculative wisdom, practical wisdom : Aristotle and the culmination of Hellenic thought -- Epilogue.
     
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  31. The Bodily Nature of the Self, or What Descartes Should Have Conceded Princess Elizabeth of Bohemia.Albert A. Johnstone - 1992 - In Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (ed.), Giving the Body Its Due.
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  32.  11
    Classifying Toposes for First-Order Theories.Carsten Butz & Peter Johnstone - 1998 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 91 (1):33-58.
    By a classifying topos for a first-order theory , we mean a topos such that, for any topos models of in correspond exactly to open geometric morphisms → . We show that not every first-order theory has a classifying topos in this sense, but we characterize those which do by an appropriate ‘smallness condition’, and we show that every Grothendieck topos arises as the classifying topos of such a theory. We also show that every first-order theory has a conservative extension (...)
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  33.  50
    Tests of Significance Following R. A. Fisher.D. J. Johnstone - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (4):481-499.
  34.  17
    The Basic Self and Its Doubles.Albert A. Johnstone - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (7-8):169-195.
    As Descartes noted, a proper account of the nature of the being one is begins with a basic self present in first-person experience, a self that one cannot cogently doubt being. This paper seeks to uncover such a self, first within consciousness and thinking, then within the lived or first-person felt body. After noting the lack of grounding of Merleau-Ponty’s commonly referenced reflections, it undertakes a phenomenological investigation of the body that finds the basic self to reside in one’s espoused (...)
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  35.  56
    The Philosophical Basis of Rhetoric.Henry W. Johnstone - 2007 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 40 (1):15-26.
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  36. Book Review : Reading in Communion: Scriptureand Ethics in Christian Life, by Stephen E. Fowl and L. Gregory Jones. London, SPCK,1991. 166 Pp. 12.95. [REVIEW]B. V. Johnstone - 1992 - Studies in Christian Ethics 5 (2):86-88.
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  37.  93
    Book Review: First and Second Chronicles. [REVIEW]William Johnstone - 2004 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 58 (2):206-206.
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  38.  65
    Rhetoric and Philosophy.Chaïm Perelman & Henry W. Johnstone - 1968 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 1 (1):15 - 24.
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  39.  33
    Bioethics, Cultural Differences and the Problem of Moral Disagreements in End-Of-Life Care: A Terror Management Theory.M. -J. Johnstone - 2012 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (2):181-200.
    Next SectionCultural differences in end-of-life care and the moral disagreements these sometimes give rise to have been well documented. Even so, cultural considerations relevant to end-of-life care remain poorly understood, poorly guided, and poorly resourced in health care domains. Although there has been a strong emphasis in recent years on making policy commitments to patient-centred care and respecting patient choices, persons whose minority cultural worldviews do not fit with the worldviews supported by the conventional principles of western bioethics face a (...)
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  40.  40
    Economic Darwinism: Who has the Best Probabilities? [REVIEW]David Johnstone - 2007 - Theory and Decision 62 (1):47-96.
    Simulation evidence obtained within a Bayesian model of price-setting in a betting market, where anonymous gamblers queue to bet against a risk-neutral bookmaker, suggests that a gambler who wants to maximize future profits should trade on the advice of the analyst cum probability forecaster who records the best probability score, rather than the highest trading profits, during the preceding observation period. In general, probability scoring rules, specifically the log score and better known “Brier” (quadratic) score, are found to have higher (...)
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  41.  39
    The Value of a Probability Forecast From Portfolio Theory.D. J. Johnstone - 2007 - Theory and Decision 63 (2):153-203.
    A probability forecast scored ex post using a probability scoring rule (e.g. Brier) is analogous to a risky financial security. With only superficial adaptation, the same economic logic by which securities are valued ex ante – in particular, portfolio theory and the capital asset pricing model (CAPM) – applies to the valuation of probability forecasts. Each available forecast of a given event is valued relative to each other and to the “market” (all available forecasts). A forecast is seen to be (...)
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  42. Methodology.Peter T. Johnstone & Steve Awodey - unknown
    Notices Amer. Math. Sac. 51, 2004). Logically, such a "Grothendieck topos" is something like a universe of continuously variable sets. Before long, however, F.W. Lawvere and M. Tierney provided an elementary axiomatization..
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  43. The Logical Powerfulness of Philosophical Arguments.Henry W. Johnstone - 1955 - Mind 64 (256):539 - 541.
  44.  21
    On the Idea of Reflexive Rhetoric in Homer.Mari Lee Mifsud & Henry W. Johnstone - 1998 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 31 (1):41 - 54.
    This article focuses on Homers idea of reflexive rhetoric. The majority of Homeric deliberation scenes contain no deliberative calculi. One approach to this problem would be to generalize from the scenes where Odysseus uses deliberative calculi to those where he does not. One might argue, though, that data have to be transmitted to and outputted from a computer via interfaces, one where data are transformed into electrical impulses, and one where the output is printed as information. The deliberative calculus cannot (...)
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  45.  51
    On the Necessity for Random Sampling.D. J. Johnstone - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (4):443-457.
  46.  28
    The Psychological Profile of Parents Who Volunteer Their Children for Clinical Research: A Controlled Study.S. C. Harth, R. R. Johnstone & Y. H. Thong - 1992 - Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (2):86-93.
    Three standard psychometric tests were administered to parents who volunteered their children for a randomised, double-blind placebo-controlled trial of a new asthma drug and to a control group of parents whose children were eligible for the trial but had declined the invitation. The trial took place at a children's hospital in Australia. The subjects comprised 68 parents who had volunteered their children and 42 who had not, a participation rate of 94 per cent and 70 per cent, respectively. The responses (...)
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  47. Self-Reference and Gödel's Theorem: A Husserlian Analysis. [REVIEW]Albert Johnstone - 2003 - Husserl Studies 19 (2):131-151.
    A Husserlian phenomenological approach to logic treats concepts in terms of their experiential meaning rather than in terms of reference, sets of individuals, and sentences. The present article applies such an approach in turn to the reasoning operative in various paradoxes: the simple Liar, the complex Liar paradoxes, the Grelling-type paradoxes, and Gödel’s Theorem. It finds that in each case a meaningless statement, one generated by circular definition, is treated as if were meaningful, and consequently as either true or false, (...)
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  48.  23
    Apology for the Manuscript of Demosthenes 59.67.Steven Johnstone - 2002 - American Journal of Philology 123 (2):229-256.
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  49.  18
    Triadicity and Thirdness.Rosemarie Christopherson & Henry W. Johnstone - 1981 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 17 (3):241 - 246.
  50. The Problem of the Self.Henry W. Johnstone - 1970 - University Park, Pennsylvania State University Press.
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