Results for 'Rafał Godoń'

285 found
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  1.  24
    Understanding, Personal Identity and Education.Rafal Godon - 2004 - Philosophy of Education 38 (4):589-600.
  2. Edukacja jako sztuka. Emil Rousseau jako wyzwanie hermeneutyczne.Rafał Godoń - 2012 - Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 84 (4):125-137.
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  3.  4
    The Difficult Pursuit of Truth: A Response to Kai Horsthemke.Rafał Godoń - 2017 - Ethics and Education 12 (1):35-38.
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  4.  32
    Rafał Urbaniak. Leśniewski’s Systems of Logic and Foundations of Mathematics.Rafał Urbaniak & Peter Simons - forthcoming - Philosophia Mathematica:nkw031.
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  5.  12
    The Physics of Optimal Decision Making: A Formal Analysis of Models of Performance in Two-Alternative Forced-Choice Tasks.Rafal Bogacz, Eric Brown, Jeff Moehlis, Philip Holmes & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (4):700-765.
  6.  40
    Optimal Decision-Making Theories: Linking Neurobiology with Behaviour.Rafal Bogacz - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (3):118-125.
  7.  31
    Mereology Then and Now.Rafał Gruszczyński & Achille C. Varzi - 2015 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 24 (4):409.
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  8.  42
    Narration in Judiciary Fact-Finding: A Probabilistic Explication.Rafal Urbaniak - 2018 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 26 (4):345-376.
    Legal probabilism is the view that juridical fact-finding should be modeled using Bayesian methods. One of the alternatives to it is the narration view, according to which instead we should conceptualize the process in terms of competing narrations of what happened. The goal of this paper is to develop a reconciliatory account, on which the narration view is construed from the Bayesian perspective within the framework of formal Bayesian epistemology.
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  9. Space, Points and Mereology. On Foundations of Point-Free Euclidean Geometry.Rafał Gruszczyński & Andrzej Pietruszczak - 2009 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 18 (2):145-188.
    This article is devoted to the problem of ontological foundations of three-dimensional Euclidean geometry. Starting from Bertrand Russell’s intuitions concerning the sensual world we try to show that it is possible to build a foundation for pure geometry by means of the so called regions of space. It is not our intention to present mathematically developed theory, but rather demonstrate basic assumptions, tools and techniques that are used in construction of systems of point-free geometry and topology by means of mereology (...)
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  10.  29
    Psychological Argumentation in Confucian Ethics as a Methodological Issue in Cross-Cultural Philosophy.Rafal Banka - 2016 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 15 (4):591-606.
    Graham Priest claims that Asian philosophy is going to constitute one of the most important aspects in 21st-century philosophical research. Assuming that this statement is true, it leads to a methodological question whether the dominant comparative and contrastive approaches will be supplanted by a more unifying methodology that works across different philosophical traditions. In this article, I concentrate on the use of empirical evidence from nonphilosophical disciplines, which enjoys popularity among many Western philosophers, and examine the application of this approach (...)
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  11.  47
    Lesniewski's Systems of Logic and Foundations of Mathematics.Rafal Urbaniak - 2013 - Springer.
    With material on his early philosophical views, his contributions to set theory and his work on nominalism and higher-order quantification, this book offers a uniquely expansive critical commentary on one of analytical philosophy’s great ...
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  12.  10
    Melancholia I Katastrofa W Barokowym Dramacie Żałobnym.Rafał Michalski - 2018 - Ruch Filozoficzny 74 (2):45.
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  13.  96
    Shifting Visual Attention Between Objects and Locations: Evidence From Normal and Parietal Lesion Subjects.R. Egly, J. Driver & R. D. Rafal - 1994 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 123 (2):161-177.
  14.  39
    Noosphere, Gaia, and the Science of the Biosphere.Rafal Serafin - 1988 - Environmental Ethics 10 (2):121-137.
    Advances in analytical understanding of the biosphere’s biogeochemical cycles have spawned concepts of Gaia and noosphere. Earlier in this century, in concert with the Jesuit paleontologist Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, the natural scientist Vladimir Vernadsky developed the notion of noosphere-an evolving collective human consciousness on Earth exerting an ever increasing intluence on biogeochemical processes. More recently, the chemist James Lovelock postulated the Earth to be a self-regulating system made up of biota and their environment with the capacity to maintain a (...)
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  15.  90
    Gödelizing the Yablo Sequence.Cezary Cieśliński & Rafal Urbaniak - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (5):679-695.
    We investigate what happens when ‘truth’ is replaced with ‘provability’ in Yablo’s paradox. By diagonalization, appropriate sequences of sentences can be constructed. Such sequences contain no sentence decided by the background consistent and sufficiently strong arithmetical theory. If the provability predicate satisfies the derivability conditions, each such sentence is provably equivalent to the consistency statement and to the Gödel sentence. Thus each two such sentences are provably equivalent to each other. The same holds for the arithmetization of the existential Yablo (...)
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  16.  9
    A Study in Grzegorczyk Point-Free Topology Part I: Separation and Grzegorczyk Structures.Rafał Gruszczyński & Andrzej Pietruszczak - 2018 - Studia Logica 106 (6):1197-1238.
    This is the first, out of two papers, devoted to Andrzej Grzegorczyk’s point-free system of topology from Grzegorczyk :228–235, 1960. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00485101). His system was one of the very first fully fledged axiomatizations of topology based on the notions of region, parthood and separation. Its peculiar and interesting feature is the definition of point, whose intention is to grasp our geometrical intuitions of points as systems of shrinking regions of space. In this part we analyze separation structures and Grzegorczyk structures, and (...)
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  17.  95
    Plural Quantifiers: A Modal Interpretation.Rafal Urbaniak - 2014 - Synthese 191 (7):1-22.
    One of the standard views on plural quantification is that its use commits one to the existence of abstract objects–sets. On this view claims like ‘some logicians admire only each other’ involve ineliminable quantification over subsets of a salient domain. The main motivation for this view is that plural quantification has to be given some sort of semantics, and among the two main candidates—substitutional and set-theoretic—only the latter can provide the language of plurals with the desired expressive power (given that (...)
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  18.  7
    Practical Employment of Granular Computing to Complex Application Layer Cyberattack Detection.Rafał Kozik, Marek Pawlicki, Michał Choraś & Witold Pedrycz - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-9.
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  19. Neologicist Nominalism.Rafal Urbaniak - 2010 - Studia Logica 96 (2):149-173.
    The goal is to sketch a nominalist approach to mathematics which just like neologicism employs abstraction principles, but unlike neologicism is not committed to the idea that mathematical objects exist and does not insist that abstraction principles establish the reference of abstract terms. It is well-known that neologicism runs into certain philosophical problems and faces the technical difficulty of finding appropriate acceptability criteria for abstraction principles. I will argue that a modal and iterative nominalist approach to abstraction principles circumvents those (...)
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  20. Swinburne’s Modal Argument for the Existence of a Soul.Rafal Urbaniak & Agnieszka Rostalska - 2009 - Philo 12 (1):73-88.
    Richard Swinburne (Swinburne and Shoemaker 1984; Swinburne 1986) argues that human beings currently alive have non{bodily immaterial parts called souls. In his main argument in support of this conclusion (modal argument), roughly speaking, from the assumption that it is logically possible that a human being survives the destruction of their body and a few additional premises, he infers the actual existence of souls. After a brief presentation of the argument we describe the main known objection to it, called the substitution (...)
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  21.  22
    Selection for Action and Selection for Awareness: Evidence From Hemispatial Neglect.Robert Rafal, Robert Ward & Shai Danziger - 2006 - Brain Research. Special Issue 1080 (1):2-8.
  22. How to Define a Mereological (Collective) Set.Rafał Gruszczyński & Andrzej Pietruszczak - 2010 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 19 (4):309-328.
    As it is indicated in the title, this paper is devoted to the problem of defining mereological (collective) sets. Starting from basic properties of sets in mathematics and differences between them and so called conglomerates in Section 1, we go on to explicate informally in Section 2 what it means to join many objects into a single entity from point of view of mereology, the theory of part of (parthood) relation. In Section 3 we present and motivate basic axioms for (...)
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  23.  43
    Full Development of Tarski's Geometry of Solids.Rafał Gruszczyński & Andrzej Pietruszczak - 2008 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 14 (4):481-540.
    In this paper we give probably an exhaustive analysis of the geometry of solids which was sketched by Tarski in his short paper [20, 21]. We show that in order to prove theorems stated in [20, 21] one must enrich Tarski's theory with a new postulate asserting that the universe of discourse of the geometry of solids coincides with arbitrary mereological sums of balls, i.e., with solids. We show that once having adopted such a solution Tarski's Postulate 4 can be (...)
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  24.  22
    Many-Valued Logic of Informal Provability: A Non-Deterministic Strategy.Pawel Pawlowski & Rafal Urbaniak - 2018 - Review of Symbolic Logic 11 (2):207-223.
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  25. “Platonic” Thought Experiments: How on Earth?Rafal Urbaniak - 2012 - Synthese 187 (2):731-752.
    Brown (The laboratory of the mind. Thought experiments in the natural science, 1991a , 1991b ; Contemporary debates in philosophy of science, 2004 ; Thought experiments, 2008 ) argues that thought experiments (TE) in science cannot be arguments and cannot even be represented by arguments. He rest his case on examples of TEs which proceed through a contradiction to reach a positive resolution (Brown calls such TEs “platonic”). This, supposedly, makes it impossible to represent them as arguments for logical reasons: (...)
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  26.  4
    Competition Between Endogenous and Exogenous Orienting of Visual Attention.Andrea Berger, Avishai Henik & Robert Rafal - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 134 (2):207-221.
  27. Distributed Knowability and Fitch’s Paradox.Rafał Palczewski - 2007 - Studia Logica 86 (3):455-478.
    Recently predominant forms of anti-realism claim that all truths are knowable. We argue that in a logical explanation of the notion of knowability more attention should be paid to its epistemic part. Especially very useful in such explanation are notions of group knowledge. In this paper we examine mainly the notion of distributed knowability and show its effectiveness in the case of Fitch's paradox. Proposed approach raised some philosophical questions to which we try to find responses. We also show how (...)
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  28.  2
    Rafał Matuszewski, Räume der Reputation. Zur bürgerlichen Kommunikation im Athen des 4. Jahrhunderts v. Chr., Stuttgart (Franz Steiner) 2019 (Historia Einzelschriften 157), 376 S., 4 Abb., ISBN 978-3-515-12233-7 (geb.), € 66,–Räume der Reputation. Zur bürgerlichen Kommunikation im Athen des 4. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. [REVIEW]Edward Harris - 2020 - Klio 102 (1):321-324.
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  29.  45
    Busting a Myth About Leśniewski and Definitions.Rafal Urbaniak & K. Severi Hämäri - 2012 - History and Philosophy of Logic 33 (2):159 - 189.
    A theory of definitions which places the eliminability and conservativeness requirements on definitions is usually called the standard theory. We examine a persistent myth which credits this theory to Le?niewski, a Polish logician. After a brief survey of its origins, we show that the myth is highly dubious. First, no place in Le?niewski's published or unpublished work is known where the standard conditions are discussed. Second, Le?niewski's own logical theories allow for creative definitions. Third, Le?niewski's celebrated ?rules of definition? lay (...)
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  30.  30
    Transcendental Elements in the Philosophy of Helmuth Plessner.Rafał Michalski - 2013 - Dialogue and Universalism 23 (2):7-24.
    The essay reviews references to Immanuel Kant’s transcendental philosophy in the work of Helmuth Plessner. First discussed is the Krisis der transzendentalen Wahrheit im Anfang, in which Plessner effects a critique of the transcendental method and shows that overcoming its crisis requires philosophy to rigorously restrict the applicability of theory to the experimental sphere and put it up for judgment by the tribunal of practical reason. Next under scrutiny is Plessner’s programmatic text in philosophical anthropology, in which he strives to (...)
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  31. Lesniewski's Systems of Logic and Mereology; History and Re-Evaluation.Rafal Urbaniak - 2008 - Dissertation, University of Calgary
  32.  4
    Thinking in a Foreign Language Distorts Allocation of Cognitive Effort: Evidence From Reasoning.Michał Białek, Rafał Muda, Kaiden Stewart, Paweł Niszczota & Damian Pieńkosz - 2020 - Cognition 205:104420.
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  33.  50
    Capturing Dynamic Conceptual Frames.Rafal Urbaniak - 2010 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 18 (3):430-455.
    The main focus of this paper is to develop an adaptive formal apparatus capable of capturing (certain types of) reasoning conducted within the framework of the so-called dynamic conceptual frames. I first explain one of the most recent theories of concepts developed by cognitivists, in which a crucial part is played by the notion of a dynamic frame. Next, I describe how a dynamic frame may be captured by a finite set of first-order formulas and how a formalized adaptive framework (...)
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  34.  13
    Case Study of R-1234yf Refrigerant: Implications for the Framework for Responsible Innovation.Rafał Wodzisz - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (6):1413-1433.
    Safety and care for the natural environment are two of the most important values that drive scientific enterprise in twentieth century. Researchers and innovators often develop new technologies aimed at pollution reduction, and therefore satisfy the strive for fulfilment of these values. This work is often incentivized by policy makers. According to EU directive 2006/40/EC on mobile air conditioning since 2013 all newly approved vehicles have to be filled with refrigerant with low global warming potential. Extensive and expensive research financed (...)
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  35.  87
    Lesniewski and Russell's Paradox: Some Problems.Rafal Urbaniak - 2008 - History and Philosophy of Logic 29 (2):115-146.
    Sobocinski in his paper on Leśniewski's solution to Russell's paradox (1949b) argued that Leśniewski has succeeded in explaining it away. The general strategy of this alleged explanation is presented. The key element of this attempt is the distinction between the collective (mereological) and the distributive (set-theoretic) understanding of the set. The mereological part of the solution, although correct, is likely to fall short of providing foundations of mathematics. I argue that the remaining part of the solution which suggests a specific (...)
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  36.  16
    A Note on Identity and Higher Order Quantification.Rafal Urbaniak - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Logic 7:48--55.
    It is a commonplace remark that the identity relation, even though not expressible in a first-order language without identity with classical set-theoretic semantics, can be defined in a language without identity, as soon as we admit second-order, set-theoretically interpreted quantifiers binding predicate variables that range over all subsets of the domain. However, there are fairly simple and intuitive higher-order languages with set-theoretic semantics in which the identity relation is not definable. The point is that the definability of identity in higher-order (...)
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  37.  57
    Numbers and Propositions Versus Nominalists: Yellow Cards for Salmon & Soames. [REVIEW]Rafal Urbaniak - 2012 - Erkenntnis 77 (3):381-397.
    Salmon and Soames argue against nominalism about numbers and sentence types. They employ (respectively) higher-order and first-order logic to model certain natural language inferences and claim that the natural language conclusions carry commitment to abstract objects, partially because their renderings in those formal systems seem to do that. I argue that this strategy fails because the nominalist can accept those natural language consequences, provide them with plausible and non-committing truth conditions and account for the inferences made without committing themselves to (...)
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  38.  38
    Inhibitory Tagging of Locations in the Blind Field of Hemianopic Patients.Shai Danziger, Robert Fendrich & Robert D. Rafal - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (2-3):291-307.
    This study evaluated the potential contribution of extrageniculate visual pathways to oculomotor orienting reflexes in hemianopic patients. It tested whether extrageniculate pathways mediate inhibition of return —a phenomenon characterized by slowed target detections at recently stimulated locations . Because hemianopic subjects cannot overtly respond to stimuli presented within their hemianopic field, we utilized a spatial cueing paradigm that capitalized on the fact that IOR operates in spatiotopic coordinates. Subjects moved their eyes so that a cue and a target presented at (...)
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  39.  40
    Ethics and Patentability in Biotechnology.Rafał Witek - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):105-111.
    The systems of patent rights in force in Europe today, both at the level of national law and on the regional level, contain general clauses prohibiting the patenting of inventions whose publication and exploitation would be contrary to “ordre public” or morality. Recent years have brought frequent discussion about limiting the possibility of patent protection for biotechnological inventions for ethical reasons. This is undoubtedly a result of the dynamic development in this field in the last several years. Human genome sequencing, (...)
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  40.  10
    Rafales à propos d'un siècle.Rafael Argullol - 2002 - Diogène 197 (1):125.
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  41.  17
    The Purposive Interpretation of Polish Tax Law.Rafał Dowgier - 2013 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 33 (1):25-37.
    The results of the linguistic interpretation should be verified through systemic and purposive methods of interpretation. That process is especially desirable in the cases where the result of the linguistic interpretation is not unequivocal. Whereas, as practice demonstrates, the quality of tax law is not the best, it is impossible to overestimate the role of the non-linguistic method of interpretation. The object of this paper was to present the role which the linguistic interpretation may play in interpreting the tax law. (...)
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  42.  31
    Conference Report.Rafal Ablamowicz, Pertti Lounesto & Johannes Maks - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (6):735-748.
  43.  39
    The Method of Axiomatic Rejection for the Intuitionistic Propositional Logic.Rafal Dutkiewicz - 1989 - Studia Logica 48 (4):449-459.
    We prove that the intuitionistic sentential calculus is Ł-decidable, i.e. the sets of these of Int and of rejected formulas are disjoint and their union is equal to all formulas. A formula is rejected iff it is a sentential variable or is obtained from other formulas by means of three rejection rules. One of the rules is original, the remaining two are Łukasiewicz's rejection rules: by detachement and by substitution. We extensively use the method of Beth's semantic tableaux.
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  44. Pisać o doświadczeniu.Rafał Kościelny - forthcoming - Estetyka I Krytyka 15 (15/16).
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  45.  18
    Multilingualism at the Court of Justice of the European Union: Theoretical and Practical Aspects.Olga Łachacz & Rafał Mańko - 2013 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 34 (1):75-92.
    The paper analyses and evaluates the linguistic policy of the Court of Justice of the European Union against the background of other multilingual courts and in the light of theories of legal interpretation. Multilingualism has a direct impact upon legal interpretation at the Court, displacing traditional approaches with a hermeneutic paradigm. It also creates challenges to the acceptance of the Court’s case-law in the Member States, which seem to have been adequately tackled by the Court’s idiosyncratic translation policy.
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  46.  17
    „Filozofia na uczelniach katolickich: Metafizyka i filozofia Boga”. Lublin, KUL, 18 maja 2015 roku.Rafał Charzyński - 2015 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 63 (4):241-244.
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  47. Refleksja Estetyczna W Polskiej Krytyce Muzycznej Dwudziestolecia Międzywojennego.Rafał Ciesielski - 2005 - Wydawn. Poznańskiego Tow. Przyjaciół Nauk.
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  48.  10
    Imaging of the Relationship Between Eating Habits of Parents of Preschool Children and Patterns of Children’s Consumption of Fast-Food Type Products With the Use of Correspondence Analysis Methods.Marta Stachurska, Rafał Milewski, Sylwia Dzięgielewska & Anna Justyna Milewska - 2017 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 51 (1):71-83.
    Health behaviours of preschool children have a considerable impact on the shaping of habits later on in their lives. Parents’ and guardians’ role is to develop positive health patterns and represent exemplary models to be followed by children. The aim of the paper is to present the use of correspondence analysis for the assessment of the relationship between eating habits of parents and children, as well as for the determination of the most common situations in which preschool children consume fast-food (...)
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  49.  46
    Visual Restoration in Cortical Blindness: Insights From Natural and TMS-Induced Blindsight.Tony Ro & Robert Rafal - 2006 - Neuropsychological Rehabilitation 16 (4):377-396.
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  50. Zum monolog Des Hanno im plautinischen poenulus (V. 930-960).Rafał Rosol - 2012 - Hermes 140 (1):89-95.
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