Results for 'Rafał Marek'

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  1.  7
    Practical Employment of Granular Computing to Complex Application Layer Cyberattack Detection.Rafał Kozik, Marek Pawlicki, Michał Choraś & Witold Pedrycz - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-9.
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  2.  9
    Stałość i zmienność w leksykograficznej kodyfikacji wybranych niemieckich zapożyczeń leksykalnych z grupy rzeczowej „budownictwo” w „Słowniku języka polskiego” pod redakcją Witolda Doroszewskiego oraz w „Słowniku języka polskiego PWN” pod redakcją Elżbiet.Rafał Marek - 2015 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Germanica 11.
    This article presents German loanwords in the Polish language. Its aim is twofold: to discuss words of German origin in Polish, as well as to stress Polish-German language contacts and their influences on vocabulary. The analysis will not only deal with the meaning and etymology of particular words, but will also scrutinize their description in the dictionaries of Polish edited by Doroszewski and Sobol.
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  3.  3
    Zur Gegenwart und Geschichte der Forschungen zu deutschen lexikalischen Entlehnungen im Polnischen.Marek Rafał - 2013 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Germanica 9.
    The article presents research into borrowings from German to the Polish language. That research was initiated in the 19th century. German lexical borrowings were linked to other linguistic issues, such as morphology, syntax, phonology or semantic field theory. The most important researcher of German borrowings in Polish were Aleksander Bruckner, Leszek Moszyński, Ludwik Zabrocki, Wilhelm Kästner, Alicja Karszniewicz-Mazur etc. The article is a critical analysis of the most significant publications on this subject.
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  4.  10
    Zu slawischen Anleihen im österreichischen Deutsch und deren Lemmatisierung in „Duden. Deutsches Universalwörterbuch” und „Duden. Wie sagt man in Österreich?”.Rafał Marek - 2014 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Germanica 10.
    This article presents Slavic loanwords in the Austrian variant of the German language. Its aim is twofold: it discusses words of Polish, Slovakian, Czech, Serbo­-Croatian, and Slovenian origin in the Austrian variant of German, as well as stressing the multicultural history of Austria and its influence on vocabulary. The analysis will not only deal with the meaning and etymology of particular words, but will also scrutinize their description in the “Duden” dictionaries: “Deutsches Universalwörterbuch” and “Duden. Wie sagt man in Österreich?”.
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  5.  7
    New Stability Tests for Discretized Fractional-Order Systems Using the Al-Alaoui and Tustin Operators.Rafał Stanisławski, Marek Rydel & Krzysztof J. Latawiec - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-9.
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  6.  19
    The Doctrine of Place in a Commentary On the Physics Attributed To Antonius Andreae.Robert Podkonski, Rafal Kua, Adam Gogacz & Marek Gensler - 1999 - Early Science and Medicine 4 (4):329-358.
    The Quaestiones in libros Physicorum contained in the Cambridge Ms Gonville & Caius 368 is an interesting piece of early Scotist philosophy of nature. The doctrine of place, contained in three questions on the fourth book of Aristotle's Physics, is based mostly on the solutions given by Duns Scotus. The question on bilocation offers a combined summary of the opinions given in Scotus' Ordinatio and Reportata parisiensia or of a text that combines the two, for example the Abbreviatio Operis oxoniensis (...)
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  7.  4
    An Assessment of Contemporary Polish Ontology.Bartłomiej Skowron, Tomasz Bigaj, Arkadiusz Chrudzimski, Michał Głowala, Zbigniew Król, Marek Kuś, Józef Lubacz & Rafał Urbaniak - 2019 - In Contemporary Polish Ontology. De Gruyter. pp. 271-294.
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  8.  30
    Rafał Urbaniak. Leśniewski’s Systems of Logic and Foundations of Mathematics.Rafał Urbaniak & Peter Simons - forthcoming - Philosophia Mathematica:nkw031.
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  9. Wspomnienie - Marek Czyżewski.Marek Czyżewski - 2011 - Etyka 44:118-120.
    Artykuł podejmuje polemikę z obiegowym rozumieniem tolerancji. Autor podkreśla znaczenie podziału na tolerancję jako postawę i na dyskursy o tolerancji. Następnie, w nawiązaniu i częściowo w dyskusji z koncepcją tolerancji zaproponowaną przez Iję Lazari Pawłowską, przedstawione jest rozróżnienie trzech odmian tolerancji, a także rozróżnienie odpowiednich trzech odmian nietolerancji. Rozważane są również niektóre paradoksy związane z tolerancją oraz ze zwalczaniem nietolerancji.
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  10.  10
    Marek, Siesfrled. Die platonische Ideen lehre in ihren Motiven.Siegfried Marek - 1911 - Kant-Studien 16 (1-3).
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  11.  12
    The Physics of Optimal Decision Making: A Formal Analysis of Models of Performance in Two-Alternative Forced-Choice Tasks.Rafal Bogacz, Eric Brown, Jeff Moehlis, Philip Holmes & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (4):700-765.
  12.  10
    III 2009: Marek Siemek Year. In the Circle of the German Philosophy of History-Hegel and History. A Modernity Ethos.Marek J. Siemek - 2009 - Dialogue and Universalism 19 (3-5):195.
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  13.  40
    Optimal Decision-Making Theories: Linking Neurobiology with Behaviour.Rafal Bogacz - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (3):118-125.
  14.  10
    Melancholia I Katastrofa W Barokowym Dramacie Żałobnym.Rafał Michalski - 2018 - Ruch Filozoficzny 74 (2):45.
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  15.  30
    Mereology Then and Now.Rafał Gruszczyński & Achille C. Varzi - 2015 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 24 (4):409.
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  16.  40
    Narration in Judiciary Fact-Finding: A Probabilistic Explication.Rafal Urbaniak - 2018 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 26 (4):345-376.
    Legal probabilism is the view that juridical fact-finding should be modeled using Bayesian methods. One of the alternatives to it is the narration view, according to which instead we should conceptualize the process in terms of competing narrations of what happened. The goal of this paper is to develop a reconciliatory account, on which the narration view is construed from the Bayesian perspective within the framework of formal Bayesian epistemology.
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  17. Space, Points and Mereology. On Foundations of Point-Free Euclidean Geometry.Rafał Gruszczyński & Andrzej Pietruszczak - 2009 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 18 (2):145-188.
    This article is devoted to the problem of ontological foundations of three-dimensional Euclidean geometry. Starting from Bertrand Russell’s intuitions concerning the sensual world we try to show that it is possible to build a foundation for pure geometry by means of the so called regions of space. It is not our intention to present mathematically developed theory, but rather demonstrate basic assumptions, tools and techniques that are used in construction of systems of point-free geometry and topology by means of mereology (...)
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  18. Appeal to All the Leaders of Palestinian Military, Paramilitary and Guerilla Organisations-to All the Soldiers of Palestinian Militant Groups A Note on Marek Edelman.Marek Edelman - 2003 - Dialogue and Universalism 13 (3-4).
     
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  19.  2
    Erik J. Wielenberg, Value and Virtue in a Godless Universe by Marek Pepliński.Marek Pepliński - 2007 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 12 (1):196-201.
  20.  47
    Lesniewski's Systems of Logic and Foundations of Mathematics.Rafal Urbaniak - 2013 - Springer.
    With material on his early philosophical views, his contributions to set theory and his work on nominalism and higher-order quantification, this book offers a uniquely expansive critical commentary on one of analytical philosophy’s great ...
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  21.  8
    A Study in Grzegorczyk Point-Free Topology Part I: Separation and Grzegorczyk Structures.Rafał Gruszczyński & Andrzej Pietruszczak - 2018 - Studia Logica 106 (6):1197-1238.
    This is the first, out of two papers, devoted to Andrzej Grzegorczyk’s point-free system of topology from Grzegorczyk :228–235, 1960. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00485101). His system was one of the very first fully fledged axiomatizations of topology based on the notions of region, parthood and separation. Its peculiar and interesting feature is the definition of point, whose intention is to grasp our geometrical intuitions of points as systems of shrinking regions of space. In this part we analyze separation structures and Grzegorczyk structures, and (...)
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  22.  95
    Shifting Visual Attention Between Objects and Locations: Evidence From Normal and Parietal Lesion Subjects.R. Egly, J. Driver & R. D. Rafal - 1994 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 123 (2):161-177.
  23.  29
    Psychological Argumentation in Confucian Ethics as a Methodological Issue in Cross-Cultural Philosophy.Rafal Banka - 2016 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 15 (4):591-606.
    Graham Priest claims that Asian philosophy is going to constitute one of the most important aspects in 21st-century philosophical research. Assuming that this statement is true, it leads to a methodological question whether the dominant comparative and contrastive approaches will be supplanted by a more unifying methodology that works across different philosophical traditions. In this article, I concentrate on the use of empirical evidence from nonphilosophical disciplines, which enjoys popularity among many Western philosophers, and examine the application of this approach (...)
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  24. Neologicist Nominalism.Rafal Urbaniak - 2010 - Studia Logica 96 (2):149-173.
    The goal is to sketch a nominalist approach to mathematics which just like neologicism employs abstraction principles, but unlike neologicism is not committed to the idea that mathematical objects exist and does not insist that abstraction principles establish the reference of abstract terms. It is well-known that neologicism runs into certain philosophical problems and faces the technical difficulty of finding appropriate acceptability criteria for abstraction principles. I will argue that a modal and iterative nominalist approach to abstraction principles circumvents those (...)
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  25. How to Define a Mereological (Collective) Set.Rafał Gruszczyński & Andrzej Pietruszczak - 2010 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 19 (4):309-328.
    As it is indicated in the title, this paper is devoted to the problem of defining mereological (collective) sets. Starting from basic properties of sets in mathematics and differences between them and so called conglomerates in Section 1, we go on to explicate informally in Section 2 what it means to join many objects into a single entity from point of view of mereology, the theory of part of (parthood) relation. In Section 3 we present and motivate basic axioms for (...)
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  26.  93
    Plural Quantifiers: A Modal Interpretation.Rafal Urbaniak - 2014 - Synthese 191 (7):1-22.
    One of the standard views on plural quantification is that its use commits one to the existence of abstract objects–sets. On this view claims like ‘some logicians admire only each other’ involve ineliminable quantification over subsets of a salient domain. The main motivation for this view is that plural quantification has to be given some sort of semantics, and among the two main candidates—substitutional and set-theoretic—only the latter can provide the language of plurals with the desired expressive power (given that (...)
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  27.  43
    Full Development of Tarski's Geometry of Solids.Rafał Gruszczyński & Andrzej Pietruszczak - 2008 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 14 (4):481-540.
    In this paper we give probably an exhaustive analysis of the geometry of solids which was sketched by Tarski in his short paper [20, 21]. We show that in order to prove theorems stated in [20, 21] one must enrich Tarski's theory with a new postulate asserting that the universe of discourse of the geometry of solids coincides with arbitrary mereological sums of balls, i.e., with solids. We show that once having adopted such a solution Tarski's Postulate 4 can be (...)
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  28.  85
    Do Infants Detect Indirect Reciprocity?Marek Meristo & Luca Surian - 2013 - Cognition 129 (1):102-113.
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  29.  30
    Transcendental Elements in the Philosophy of Helmuth Plessner.Rafał Michalski - 2013 - Dialogue and Universalism 23 (2):7-24.
    The essay reviews references to Immanuel Kant’s transcendental philosophy in the work of Helmuth Plessner. First discussed is the Krisis der transzendentalen Wahrheit im Anfang, in which Plessner effects a critique of the transcendental method and shows that overcoming its crisis requires philosophy to rigorously restrict the applicability of theory to the experimental sphere and put it up for judgment by the tribunal of practical reason. Next under scrutiny is Plessner’s programmatic text in philosophical anthropology, in which he strives to (...)
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  30. Distributed Knowability and Fitch’s Paradox.Rafał Palczewski - 2007 - Studia Logica 86 (3):455-478.
    Recently predominant forms of anti-realism claim that all truths are knowable. We argue that in a logical explanation of the notion of knowability more attention should be paid to its epistemic part. Especially very useful in such explanation are notions of group knowledge. In this paper we examine mainly the notion of distributed knowability and show its effectiveness in the case of Fitch's paradox. Proposed approach raised some philosophical questions to which we try to find responses. We also show how (...)
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  31.  78
    Self–Other Contingencies: Enacting Social Perception.Marek McGann & Hanne De Jaegher - 2009 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (4):417-437.
    Can we see the expressiveness of other people's gestures, hear the intentions in their voice, see the emotions in their posture? Traditional theories of social cognition still say we cannot because intentions and emotions for them are hidden away inside and we do not have direct access to them. Enactive theories still have no idea because they have so far mainly focused on perception of our physical world. We surmise, however, that the latter hold promise since, in trying to understand (...)
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  32.  21
    Phenomenology and Functional Analysis. A Functionalist Reading of Husserlian Phenomenology.Marek Pokropski - 2020 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 19 (5):869-889.
    In the article I discuss functionalist interpretations of Husserlian phenomenology. The first one was coined in the discussion between Hubert Dreyfus and Ronald McIntyre. They argue that Husserl’s phenomenology shares similarities with computational functionalism, and the key similarity is between the concept of noema and the concept of mental representation. I show the weaknesses of that reading and argue that there is another available functionalist reading of Husserlian phenomenology. I propose to shift perspective and approach the relation between phenomenology and (...)
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  33. “Platonic” Thought Experiments: How on Earth?Rafal Urbaniak - 2012 - Synthese 187 (2):731-752.
    Brown (The laboratory of the mind. Thought experiments in the natural science, 1991a , 1991b ; Contemporary debates in philosophy of science, 2004 ; Thought experiments, 2008 ) argues that thought experiments (TE) in science cannot be arguments and cannot even be represented by arguments. He rest his case on examples of TEs which proceed through a contradiction to reach a positive resolution (Brown calls such TEs “platonic”). This, supposedly, makes it impossible to represent them as arguments for logical reasons: (...)
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  34.  40
    Fairness and Microcredit Interest Rates: From Rawlsian Principles of Justice to the Distribution of the Bargaining Range.Marek Hudon & Arvind Ashta - 2013 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 22 (3):277-291.
    This paper addresses the fairness of microcredit interest rates. Since microfinance institutions provide credit for the poor at relatively high prices, the fairness of their interest rates has been repeatedly debated. We first apply Rawls' principles of justice to the case of microcredit interest rates and suggest some limitations related to the hypothesis of rationality of the borrowers and the level of inequality. We then suggest another framework based on the analysis of the distribution of the benefits generated by the (...)
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  35.  15
    Two Models of the Subject–Properties Structure.Marek Piwowarczyk - 2020 - Axiomathes 30 (4):371-390.
    In the paper I discuss the problem of the nature of the relationship between objects and their properties. There are three contexts of the problem: of comparison, of change and of interaction. Philosophical explanations of facts indicated in the three contexts need reference to properties and to a proper understanding of a relationship between them and their bearers. My aim is to get closer to this understanding with the use of some models but previously I present the substantialist theory of (...)
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  36.  13
    Case Study of R-1234yf Refrigerant: Implications for the Framework for Responsible Innovation.Rafał Wodzisz - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (6):1413-1433.
    Safety and care for the natural environment are two of the most important values that drive scientific enterprise in twentieth century. Researchers and innovators often develop new technologies aimed at pollution reduction, and therefore satisfy the strive for fulfilment of these values. This work is often incentivized by policy makers. According to EU directive 2006/40/EC on mobile air conditioning since 2013 all newly approved vehicles have to be filled with refrigerant with low global warming potential. Extensive and expensive research financed (...)
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  37.  46
    Leopold Blaustein’s Critique of Husserl’s Early Theory of Intentional Act, Object and Content.Marek Pokropski - 2015 - Studia Phaenomenologica 15:93-103.
    The aim of this article is to introduce the work of Leopold Blaustein — philosopher and psychologist, who studied under Kazimierz Twardowski in Lvov and under Husserl in Freiburg im Breisgau. In his short academic career Blaustein developed an original philosophy that drew upon both phenomenology and Twardowski’s analytical approach. One of his main publications concerns Husserl’s early theory of intentional act and object, introduced in Logische Untersuchungen. In the first part of the article I briefly present Blaustein’s biography and (...)
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  38.  21
    Many-Valued Logic of Informal Provability: A Non-Deterministic Strategy.Pawel Pawlowski & Rafal Urbaniak - 2018 - Review of Symbolic Logic 11 (2):207-223.
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  39.  90
    Gödelizing the Yablo Sequence.Cezary Cieśliński & Rafal Urbaniak - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (5):679-695.
    We investigate what happens when ‘truth’ is replaced with ‘provability’ in Yablo’s paradox. By diagonalization, appropriate sequences of sentences can be constructed. Such sequences contain no sentence decided by the background consistent and sufficiently strong arithmetical theory. If the provability predicate satisfies the derivability conditions, each such sentence is provably equivalent to the consistency statement and to the Gödel sentence. Thus each two such sentences are provably equivalent to each other. The same holds for the arithmetization of the existential Yablo (...)
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  40.  45
    Busting a Myth About Leśniewski and Definitions.Rafal Urbaniak & K. Severi Hämäri - 2012 - History and Philosophy of Logic 33 (2):159 - 189.
    A theory of definitions which places the eliminability and conservativeness requirements on definitions is usually called the standard theory. We examine a persistent myth which credits this theory to Le?niewski, a Polish logician. After a brief survey of its origins, we show that the myth is highly dubious. First, no place in Le?niewski's published or unpublished work is known where the standard conditions are discussed. Second, Le?niewski's own logical theories allow for creative definitions. Third, Le?niewski's celebrated ?rules of definition? lay (...)
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  41.  38
    Alexius Meinong.Johann Marek - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  42. Lesniewski's Systems of Logic and Mereology; History and Re-Evaluation.Rafal Urbaniak - 2008 - Dissertation, University of Calgary
  43.  15
    Petrophysical and Geomechanical Analysis of the Lower Paleozoic Shale Formation, North Poland.Marek Stadtmuller, Anita Lis-Śledziona & Małgorzata Słota-Valim - 2018 - Interpretation 6 (3):SH91-SH106.
    The complexity of shale formation interpretation requires an accurate evaluation of a detailed petrophysical model in association with the analysis of the geomechanical properties. Mineralogy plays an important role in controlling shale’s mechanical properties, among which one of the most problematic parameters to establish is the Biot’s coefficient. Although, this parameter is necessary to determine the magnitude of the effective stresses acting in the reservoir, it is not included in the standard protocols used in Poland. This paper presents a comprehensive (...)
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  44.  21
    Truth, Objectivity and Evidence in History Writing.Marek Tamm - 2014 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 8 (2):265-290.
  45.  50
    Capturing Dynamic Conceptual Frames.Rafal Urbaniak - 2010 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 18 (3):430-455.
    The main focus of this paper is to develop an adaptive formal apparatus capable of capturing (certain types of) reasoning conducted within the framework of the so-called dynamic conceptual frames. I first explain one of the most recent theories of concepts developed by cognitivists, in which a crucial part is played by the notion of a dynamic frame. Next, I describe how a dynamic frame may be captured by a finite set of first-order formulas and how a formalized adaptive framework (...)
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  46.  55
    Enactive Theorists Do It on Purpose: Toward an Enactive Account of Goals and Goal-Directedness. [REVIEW]Marek McGann - 2007 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6 (4):463-483.
    The enactive approach to cognitive science involves frequent references to “action” without making clear what is intended by the term. In particular, though autopoiesis is seen as a foundation for teleology in the enactive literature, no definition or account is offered of goals which can encompass not just descriptions of biological maintenance, but the range of social and cultural activities in which human beings continually engage. The present paper draws primarily on the work of Juarrero (Dynamics in action. Cambridge, MA: (...)
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  47.  40
    Ethics and Patentability in Biotechnology.Rafał Witek - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):105-111.
    The systems of patent rights in force in Europe today, both at the level of national law and on the regional level, contain general clauses prohibiting the patenting of inventions whose publication and exploitation would be contrary to “ordre public” or morality. Recent years have brought frequent discussion about limiting the possibility of patent protection for biotechnological inventions for ethical reasons. This is undoubtedly a result of the dynamic development in this field in the last several years. Human genome sequencing, (...)
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  48.  86
    Lesniewski and Russell's Paradox: Some Problems.Rafal Urbaniak - 2008 - History and Philosophy of Logic 29 (2):115-146.
    Sobocinski in his paper on Leśniewski's solution to Russell's paradox (1949b) argued that Leśniewski has succeeded in explaining it away. The general strategy of this alleged explanation is presented. The key element of this attempt is the distinction between the collective (mereological) and the distributive (set-theoretic) understanding of the set. The mereological part of the solution, although correct, is likely to fall short of providing foundations of mathematics. I argue that the remaining part of the solution which suggests a specific (...)
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  49.  22
    Selection for Action and Selection for Awareness: Evidence From Hemispatial Neglect.Robert Rafal, Robert Ward & Shai Danziger - 2006 - Brain Research. Special Issue 1080 (1):2-8.
  50.  39
    Noosphere, Gaia, and the Science of the Biosphere.Rafal Serafin - 1988 - Environmental Ethics 10 (2):121-137.
    Advances in analytical understanding of the biosphere’s biogeochemical cycles have spawned concepts of Gaia and noosphere. Earlier in this century, in concert with the Jesuit paleontologist Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, the natural scientist Vladimir Vernadsky developed the notion of noosphere-an evolving collective human consciousness on Earth exerting an ever increasing intluence on biogeochemical processes. More recently, the chemist James Lovelock postulated the Earth to be a self-regulating system made up of biota and their environment with the capacity to maintain a (...)
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