33 found
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  1.  18
    Patient Similarity in the Era of Precision Medicine: A Philosophical Analysis.Giovanni Boniolo, Raffaella Campaner & Massimiliano Carrara - 2023 - Erkenntnis 88 (7):2911-2932.
    According to N. Goodman, the Carnapian notion of similarity is useless in science and without interest for philosophy. In our paper we suggest that, given the current role that the notion of similarity has in managing biomedical big data, this drastic position should be revised, and similarity should be provided a scientifically useful philosophical interpretation. With the advent of the new sequencing technologies, imaging technologies and with the improvements of health records, the number of genomics, post-genomics and clinical data has (...)
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  2.  48
    Molecular pathways and the contextual explanation of molecular functions.Giovanni Boniolo & Raffaella Campaner - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (3-4):24.
    Much of the recent philosophical debate on causation and causal explanation in the biological and biomedical sciences has focused on the notion of mechanism. Mechanisms, their nature and epistemic roles have been tackled by a range of so-called neo-mechanistic theories, and widely discussed. Without denying the merits of this approach, our paper aims to show how lately it has failed to give proper credit to processes, which are central to the field, especially of contemporary molecular biology. Processes can be summed (...)
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  3.  64
    Understanding mechanisms in the health sciences.Raffaella Campaner - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (1):5-17.
    This article focuses on the assessment of mechanistic relations with specific attention to medicine, where mechanistic models are widely employed. I first survey recent contributions in the philosophical literature on mechanistic causation, and then take issue with Federica Russo and Jon Williamson’s thesis that two types of evidence, probabilistic and mechanistic, are at stake in the health sciences. I argue instead that a distinction should be drawn between previously acquired knowledge of mechanisms and yet-to-be-discovered knowledge of mechanisms and that both (...)
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  4.  37
    Life Sciences for Philosophers and Philosophy for Life Scientists: What Should We Teach?Giovanni Boniolo & Raffaella Campaner - 2020 - Biological Theory 15 (1):1-11.
    Following recent debate on the relations between philosophy of science and the sciences, we wish to draw attention to some actual ways of training both young philosophers of science and young life scientists and clinicians. First, we recall a successful case of training philosophers of the life sciences in a strictly scientific environment. Second, after a brief review of the reasons why life scientists and clinicians are currently asking for more ethics, more methodology of science, and more philosophy of science (...)
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  5.  53
    Evidence and the Assessment of Causal Relations in the Health Sciences.Raffaella Campaner & Maria Carla Galavotti - 2012 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (1):27-45.
    This contribution claims that the two fundamental notions of causation at work in the health sciences are manipulative and mechanistic, and investigates what kinds of evidence matter for the assessment of causal relations. This article is a development of our 2007 article, ‘Plurality of Causality’, where we argue for a pluralistic account of causation with an eye to econometrics and a single medical example. The present contribution has a wider focus, and considers the notion of evidence within a whole range (...)
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  6. Do medical schools teach medical humanities? Review of curricula in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom.Jeremy Howick, Lunan Zhao, Brenna McKaig, Alessandro Rosa, Raffaella Campaner, Jason Oke & Dien Ho - 2021 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice (1):86-92.
    Rationale and objectives: Medical humanities are becoming increasingly recognized as positively impacting medical education and medical practice. However, the extent of medical humanities teaching in medical schools is largely unknown. We reviewed medical school curricula in Canada, the UK and the US. We also explored the relationship between medical school ranking and the inclusion of medical humanities in the curricula. -/- Methods: We searched the curriculum websites of all accredited medical schools in Canada, the UK and the US to check (...)
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  7.  32
    Scientific Practice in Modeling Diseases: Stances from Cancer Research and Neuropsychiatry.Marta Bertolaso & Raffaella Campaner - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (1):105-128.
    In the last few decades, philosophy of science has increasingly focused on multilevel models and causal mechanistic explanations to account for complex biological phenomena. On the one hand, biological and biomedical works make extensive use of mechanistic concepts; on the other hand, philosophers have analyzed an increasing range of examples taken from different domains in the life sciences to test—support or criticize—the adequacy of mechanistic accounts. The article highlights some challenges in the elaboration of mechanistic explanations with a focus on (...)
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  8.  8
    Complexity and integration. A philosophical analysis of how cancer complexity can be faced in the era of precision medicine.Giovanni Boniolo & Raffaella Campaner - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (3):1-25.
    Complexity and integration are longstanding widely debated issues in philosophy of science and recent contributions have largely focused on biology and biomedicine. This paper specifically considers some methodological novelties in cancer research, motivated by various features of tumours as complex diseases, and shows how they encourage some rethinking of philosophical discourses on those topics. In particular, we discuss the integrative-cluster approach, and analyse its potential in the epistemology of cancer. We suggest that, far from being the solution to tame cancer (...)
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  9.  47
    Causal Reasoning and Clinical Practice: Challenges from Molecular Biology.Giovanni Boniolo & Raffaella Campaner - 2019 - Topoi 38 (2):423-435.
    Not only has the philosophical debate on causation been gaining ground in the last few decades, but it has also increasingly addressed the sciences. The biomedical sciences are among the most prominent fields that have been considered, with a number of works tackling the understanding of the notion of cause, the assessment of genuinely causal relations and the use of causal knowledge in applied contexts. Far from denying the merits of the debate on causation and the major theories it comprises, (...)
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  10.  19
    Manipulative evidence and medical interventions: some qualifications.Raffaella Campaner & Matteo Cerri - 2020 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 42 (2):1-15.
    The notion of causal evidence in medicine has been the subject of wide philosophical debate in recent years. The notion of evidence has been discussed mostly in connection with Evidence Based Medicine and, more in general, with the assessment of causal nexus in medical, and especially research contexts. “Manipulative evidence” is one of the notions of causal evidence that has stimulated much debate. It has been defined in slightly different ways, attributed different relevance, and recently placed at the core of (...)
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  11.  11
    Causality and Explanation: Issues from Epidemiology.Raffaella Campaner - 2011 - In Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao Gonzalo, Thomas Uebel, Stephan Hartmann & Marcel Weber (eds.), Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation. Springer. pp. 125--135.
  12.  30
    Complexity and integration. A philosophical analysis of how cancer complexity can be faced in the era of precision medicine.Giovanni Boniolo & Raffaella Campaner - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (3):1-25.
    Complexity and integration are longstanding widely debated issues in philosophy of science and recent contributions have largely focused on biology and biomedicine. This paper specifically considers some methodological novelties in cancer research, motivated by various features of tumours as complex diseases, and shows how they encourage some rethinking of philosophical discourses on those topics. In particular, we discuss the integrative-cluster approach, and analyse its potential in the epistemology of cancer. We suggest that, far from being the solution to tame cancer (...)
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  13.  8
    Complexity and integration. A philosophical analysis of how cancer complexity can be faced in the era of precision medicine.Giovanni Boniolo & Raffaella Campaner - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (3):1-25.
    Complexity and integration are longstanding widely debated issues in philosophy of science and recent contributions have largely focused on biology and biomedicine. This paper specifically considers some methodological novelties in cancer research, motivated by various features of tumours as complex diseases, and shows how they encourage some rethinking of philosophical discourses on those topics. In particular, we discuss the integrative-cluster approach, and analyse its potential in the epistemology of cancer. We suggest that, far from being the solution to tame cancer (...)
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  14.  28
    Wesley Salmon, Causality and Explanation. [REVIEW]Raffaella Campaner - 2000 - Erkenntnis 52 (1):121-125.
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  15.  20
    Causation and Mental Causation: Standpoints and Intersections.Raffaella Campaner & Carlo Gabbani - 2015 - Humana Mente 8 (29).
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  16.  12
    Avatar Therapy and Clinical Care in Psychiatry: Underlying Assumptions, Epistemic Challenges, and Ethical Issues.Raffaella Campaner & Marina Lalatta Costerbosa - 2023 - In Monika Michałowska (ed.), Humanity In-Between and Beyond. Springer Verlag. pp. 43-61.
    In the last few years, avatars have been increasingly used in treating persistent persecutory auditory verbal hallucinations. The digital representation (an avatar) of persecutory hallucinations is voiced by the therapist and engages the patient in a dialogue, progressively conceding its power and, hence, reducing the stress experienced by the patient. Such attempts at integrating digital representations and cognitive behavior therapy raise a range of philosophical questions, which this chapter tackles along two trajectories. From an epistemological standpoint, we inquire what notion (...)
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  17.  21
    Philosophy of Medicine and Model Design.Raffaella Campaner - 2013 - In Hanne Andersen, Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao J. Gonzalez, Thomas Uebel & Gregory Wheeler (eds.), New Challenges to Philosophy of Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 467--478.
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  18.  27
    The logic of explanation in molecular biology: historical-processual and logical-procedural aspects.Giovanni Boniolo & Raffaella Campaner - 2022 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 12 (1):1-24.
    This work addresses biological explanations and aims to provide a philosophical account which brings together logical-procedural and historical-processual aspects when considering molecular pathways. It is argued that, having molecular features as explananda, a particular non-classical logical language – Zsyntax – can be used to formally represent, in terms of logical theorems, types of molecular processes, and to grasp how we get from one molecular interaction to another, hence explaining why a given outcome occurs. Expressing types of molecular biology processes in (...)
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  19.  42
    Causation: A User's Guide.Raffaella Campaner - 2014 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (2):221-223.
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  20. Causalità manipolativa e interventi terapeutici.Raffaella Campaner - 2005 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 23 (3):99-112.
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  21.  16
    Explanatory organization and psychiatric resilience: Challenges to a mechanistic approach to mental disorders.Raffaella Campaner - 2020 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 11 (1):128-144.
    : This contribution aims to address epistemological issues at the crossroads of philosophy of science and psychiatry by reflecting on the notions of organization and resilience. Referring to the debate on the notion of “organization” and its explanatory relevance in philosophical neo-mechanistic theories, I consider how such positions hold up when tentatively applied to the mental health context. More specifically, I show how reflections on psychiatric resilience, cognitive reserve, and accommodation strategies challenge attempts to embrace a mechanistic perspective on mental (...)
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  22. Mechanistic and Neo-mechanistic Accounts of Causation: How Salmon Already Got (Much of) It Right.Raffaella Campaner - 2013 - Metatheoria – Revista de Filosofía E Historia de la Ciencia 3:81--98.
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  23. Mechanistic Models and Modeling Disorders.Raffaella Campaner - 2016 - In Emiliano Ippoliti, Fabio Sterpetti & Thomas Nickles (eds.), Models and Inferences in Science. Cham: Springer.
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  24. Presentazione.Raffaella Campaner - 2005 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 23 (3):15-24.
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  25. Part IV: From Psychology to Psychiatry: Limits of Computational Psychology and the Role of Causes as Interventions in Psychiatry: The Limits of Computational Psychology in J. Fodor / Pedro Chacón. The Interventionist Theory and Mental Disorders.Raffaella Campaner - 2018 - In Wenceslao J. González (ed.), Philosophy of Psychology: Causality and Psychological Subject: New Reflections on James Woodward’s Contribution. Boston: De Gruyter.
     
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  26.  32
    Reductionist and Antireductionist Stances in the Health Sciences.Raffaella Campaner - 2010 - In Thomas Uebel, Stephan Hartmann, Wenceslao Gonzalez, Marcel Weber, Dennis Dieks & Friedrich Stadler (eds.), The Present Situation in the Philosophy of Science. Springer. pp. 205–218.
    Reductionism and antireductionism are among the most largely and hotly debated topics in philosophy of biology today. In this section of the volume, aiming to convey the current situation in the philosophy of the natural and life sciences, these topics are specifically addressed in Mehmet Elgin’s paper, focusing on biochemistry. Elgin strongly supports reductionism, first by claiming that the now classical argument based on multiple realizability does not entail anti-reductionism and secondly highlighting how the version of methodological reductionism that biochemistry (...)
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  27. Realismo e antirealismo nelle scienze: un percorso multidisciplinare.Raffaella Campaner & Carlo Gabbani (eds.) - 2023 - Roma: Carocci editore.
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  28.  19
    Roberta Ferrario and Viola Schiaffonati: Formal Methods and Empirical Practices: Conversations with Patrick Suppes: CSLI, Stanford, 2012, pp. vii–xii + 151.Raffaella Campaner - 2017 - Axiomathes 27 (6):735-738.
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  29.  18
    Sulle teorie manipolative della causalità.Raffaella Campaner - 2003 - Rivista di Filosofia 94 (1):89-106.
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  30.  21
    Tempo e serie temporali: il dibattito analitico contemporaneo sulla filosofia del tempo.Raffaella Campaner - 2004 - Rivista di Filosofia 95 (2):313-330.
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  31.  20
    The Interventionist Theory and Mental Disorders.Raffaella Campaner - 2018 - In Wenceslao J. González (ed.), Philosophy of Psychology: Causality and Psychological Subject: New Reflections on James Woodward’s Contribution. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 243-268.
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  32. Maria Carla Galavotti and Alessandro pagnini (eds) experience, reality, and scientific explanation: Essays in honour of Merrilee and Wesley salmon. [REVIEW]Raffaella Campaner - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (4):941-945.
  33.  12
    Experience, Reality, and Scientific Explanation: Essays in Honour of Merrilee and Wesley Salmon. [REVIEW]Raffaella Campaner - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (4):941-945.