Results for 'Raffaella Tizzi'

237 found
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  1.  7
    A Kinematic Study on Intentional Imitation in Bottlenose Dolphins.Luisa Sartori, Maria Bulgheroni, Raffaella Tizzi & Umberto Castiello - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  2.  18
    Causality and Explanation.Raffaella Campaner - 2000 - Erkenntnis 52 (1):121-125.
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  3.  15
    Damage to the Medial Motor System in Stroke Patients with Motor Neglect.Raffaella Migliaccio, Florence Bouhali, Federica Rastelli, Sophie Ferrieux, Celine Arbizu, Stephane Vincent, Pascale Pradat-Diehl & Paolo Bartolomeo - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  4.  48
    Understanding Mechanisms in the Health Sciences.Raffaella Campaner - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (1):5-17.
    This article focuses on the assessment of mechanistic relations with specific attention to medicine, where mechanistic models are widely employed. I first survey recent contributions in the philosophical literature on mechanistic causation, and then take issue with Federica Russo and Jon Williamson’s thesis that two types of evidence, probabilistic and mechanistic, are at stake in the health sciences. I argue instead that a distinction should be drawn between previously acquired knowledge of mechanisms and yet-to-be-discovered knowledge of mechanisms and that both (...)
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  5.  31
    Evidence and the Assessment of Causal Relations in the Health Sciences.Raffaella Campaner & Maria Carla Galavotti - 2012 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (1):27 - 45.
    This contribution claims that the two fundamental notions of causation at work in the health sciences are manipulative and mechanistic, and investigates what kinds of evidence matter for the assessment of causal relations. This article is a development of our 2007 article, ?Plurality of Causality?, where we argue for a pluralistic account of causation with an eye to econometrics and a single medical example. The present contribution has a wider focus, and considers the notion of evidence within a whole range (...)
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  6.  92
    Hardwired for Sexism? Approaches to Sex/Gender in Neuroscience.Rebecca Jordan-Young & Raffaella I. Rumiati - 2012 - Neuroethics 5 (3):305-315.
    Evidence has long suggested that ‘hardwiring’ is a poor metaphor for brain development. But the metaphor may be an apt one for the dominant paradigm for researching sex differences, which pushes most neuroscience studies of sex/gender inexorably towards the ‘discovery’ of sex/gender differences, and makes contemporary gender structures appear natural and inevitable. The argument we forward in this paper is twofold. In the first part of the paper, we address the dominant ‘hardwiring’ paradigm of sex/gender research in contemporary neuroscience, which (...)
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  7.  25
    The Challenges of Research Informed Consent in Socio‐Economically Vulnerable Populations: A Viewpoint From the Democratic Republic of Congo.Marion Kalabuanga, Raffaella Ravinetto, Vivi Maketa, Hypolite Muhindo Mavoko, Blaise Fungula, Raquel Inocêncio da Luz, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden & Pascal Lutumba - 2016 - Developing World Bioethics 16 (2):64-69.
    In medical research, the ethical principle of respect for persons is operationalized into the process of informed consent. The consent tools should be contextualized and adapted to the different socio-cultural environment, especially when research crosses the traditional boundaries and reaches poor communities. We look at the challenges experienced in the malaria Quinact trial, conducted in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and describe some lessons learned, related to the definition of acceptable representative, the role of independent witness and the impact of (...)
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  8.  26
    Molecular Pathways and the Contextual Explanation of Molecular Functions.Giovanni Boniolo & Raffaella Campaner - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (3-4):24.
    Much of the recent philosophical debate on causation and causal explanation in the biological and biomedical sciences has focused on the notion of mechanism. Mechanisms, their nature and epistemic roles have been tackled by a range of so-called neo-mechanistic theories, and widely discussed. Without denying the merits of this approach, our paper aims to show how lately it has failed to give proper credit to processes, which are central to the field, especially of contemporary molecular biology. Processes can be summed (...)
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  9.  38
    Life Sciences for Philosophers and Philosophy for Life Scientists: What Should We Teach?Giovanni Boniolo & Raffaella Campaner - 2020 - Biological Theory 15 (1):1-11.
    Following recent debate on the relations between philosophy of science and the sciences, we wish to draw attention to some actual ways of training both young philosophers of science and young life scientists and clinicians. First, we recall a successful case of training philosophers of the life sciences in a strictly scientific environment. Second, after a brief review of the reasons why life scientists and clinicians are currently asking for more ethics, more methodology of science, and more philosophy of science (...)
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  10.  41
    Research Ethics Governance in Times of Ebola.Doris Schopper, Raffaella Ravinetto, Lisa Schwartz, Eunice Kamaara, Sunita Sheel, Michael J. Segelid, Aasim Ahmad, Angus Dawson, Jerome Singh, Amar Jesani & Ross Upshur - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (1).
    The Médecins Sans Frontières ethics review board has been solicited in an unprecedented way to provide advice and review research protocols in an ‘emergency’ mode during the recent Ebola epidemic. Twenty-seven Ebola-related study protocols were reviewed between March 2014 and August 2015, ranging from epidemiological research, to behavioural research, infectivity studies and clinical trials with investigational products at early development stages. This article examines the MSF ERB’s experience addressing issues related to both the process of review and substantive ethical issues (...)
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  11.  39
    Descartes and the Puzzle of Sensory Representation.Raffaella De Rosa - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Raffaella De Rosa discusses the theory of sensory perception, especially color perception, offered by Ren Descartes. She offers a detailed overview of the recent literature on the topic and provides a new reading of Descartes' theory; she also raises questions of great interest in the contemporary philosophy of mind and cognitive science.
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  12.  36
    The Margin of Appreciation Doctrine and the Case-Law of the European Court of Human Rights on the Islamic Veil.Raffaella Nigro - 2010 - Human Rights Review 11 (4):531-564.
  13.  10
    Sustainable Innovativeness and the Triple Bottom Line: The Role of Organizational Time Perspective.Annachiara Longoni & Raffaella Cagliano - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 151 (4):1097-1120.
    This paper studies the influence of an organization’s time perspective on triple bottom line deployment through sustainable innovativeness. Although academics increasingly consider sustainable innovation to be an essential element in deploying the triple bottom line, the degree of an organization’s sustainable innovativeness remains limited. Using ten inductive case studies based on the triangulation of data from multiple-respondent interviews and secondary data, this study shows that an organization’s time perspective plays a crucial role in explaining the organization’s degree of sustainable innovativeness (...)
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  14.  5
    Manipulative Evidence and Medical Interventions: Some Qualifications.Raffaella Campaner & Matteo Cerri - 2020 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 42 (2):1-15.
    The notion of causal evidence in medicine has been the subject of wide philosophical debate in recent years. The notion of evidence has been discussed mostly in connection with Evidence Based Medicine and, more in general, with the assessment of causal nexus in medical, and especially research contexts. “Manipulative evidence” is one of the notions of causal evidence that has stimulated much debate. It has been defined in slightly different ways, attributed different relevance, and recently placed at the core of (...)
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  15.  12
    "Noi abbiamo visto tante città, abbiamo un'altra cultura". Servizio domestico, migrazioni e identità di genere in Italia: uno sguardo di lungo periodo.Raffaella Sarti - 2004 - Polis 18 (1):17-46.
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  16.  1
    Sentential negation.Raffaella Zanuttini - 2001 - In Mark Baltin & Chris Collins (eds.), The Handbook of Contemporary Syntactic Theory. Blackwell. pp. 511--535.
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  17.  9
    Probing the Mental Representation of Quantifiers.Sandro Pezzelle, Raffaella Bernardi & Manuela Piazza - 2018 - Cognition 181:117-126.
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  18.  9
    Domain-Specificity of Creativity: A Study on the Relationship Between Visual Creativity and Visual Mental Imagery.Massimiliano Palmiero, Raffaella Nori, Vincenzo Aloisi, Martina Ferrara & Laura Piccardi - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  19.  22
    What Language Says About the Psychology of Events.Raffaella Folli & Heidi Harley - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (3):91-92.
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  20.  7
    A Teleological Account of Cartesian Sensations?Raffaella De Rosa - 2007 - Synthese 156 (2):311-336.
    Alison Simmons, in Simmons, argues that Descartes in Meditation Six offered a teleological account of sensory representation. According to Simmons, Descartes’ view is that the biological function of sensations explains both why sensations represent what they do and why they represent their objects the way they do. Moreover, Simmons claims that her account has several advantages over other currently available interpretations of Cartesian sensations. In this paper, I argue that Simmons’ teleological account cannot be sustained for both theoretical and textual (...)
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  21.  7
    Causality and Explanation: Issues From Epidemiology.Raffaella Campaner - 2011 - In Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao Gonzalo, Thomas Uebel, Stephan Hartmann & Marcel Weber (eds.), Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation. Springer. pp. 125--135.
  22.  99
    Optionality, Scope, and Licensing: An Application of Partially Ordered Categories.Raffaella Bernardi & Anna Szabolcsi - 2008 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17 (3):237-283.
    This paper uses a partially ordered set of syntactic categories to accommodate optionality and licensing in natural language syntax. A complex but well-studied data set pertaining to the syntax of quantifier scope and negative polarity licensing in Hungarian is used to illustrate the proposal. The presentation is geared towards both linguists and logicians. The paper highlights that the main ideas can be implemented in different grammar formalisms, and discusses in detail an implementation where the partial ordering on categories is given (...)
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  23.  25
    Causal Reasoning and Clinical Practice: Challenges From Molecular Biology.Giovanni Boniolo & Raffaella Campaner - 2019 - Topoi 38 (2):423-435.
    Not only has the philosophical debate on causation been gaining ground in the last few decades, but it has also increasingly addressed the sciences. The biomedical sciences are among the most prominent fields that have been considered, with a number of works tackling the understanding of the notion of cause, the assessment of genuinely causal relations and the use of causal knowledge in applied contexts. Far from denying the merits of the debate on causation and the major theories it comprises, (...)
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  24.  9
    Complexity and integration. A philosophical analysis of how cancer complexity can be faced in the era of precision medicine.Giovanni Boniolo & Raffaella Campaner - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (3):1-25.
    Complexity and integration are longstanding widely debated issues in philosophy of science and recent contributions have largely focused on biology and biomedicine. This paper specifically considers some methodological novelties in cancer research, motivated by various features of tumours as complex diseases, and shows how they encourage some rethinking of philosophical discourses on those topics. In particular, we discuss the integrative-cluster approach, and analyse its potential in the epistemology of cancer. We suggest that, far from being the solution to tame cancer (...)
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  25.  14
    Causation and Mental Causation: Standpoints and Intersections.Raffaella Campaner & Carlo Gabbani - 2015 - Humana Mente 8 (29).
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  26.  25
    At the Mercy of Strategies: The Role of Motor Representations in Language Understanding.Barbara Tomasino & Raffaella Ida Rumiati - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  27.  5
    Views of Chemistry and Chemical Theories: A Comparison Between Two University Textbooks in the Bolognese Context at the Beginning of the 19th Century.Raffaella Seligardi - 2006 - Science & Education 15 (7-8):713-737.
  28.  2
    Complexity and integration. A philosophical analysis of how cancer complexity can be faced in the era of precision medicine.Giovanni Boniolo & Raffaella Campaner - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (3):1-25.
    Complexity and integration are longstanding widely debated issues in philosophy of science and recent contributions have largely focused on biology and biomedicine. This paper specifically considers some methodological novelties in cancer research, motivated by various features of tumours as complex diseases, and shows how they encourage some rethinking of philosophical discourses on those topics. In particular, we discuss the integrative-cluster approach, and analyse its potential in the epistemology of cancer. We suggest that, far from being the solution to tame cancer (...)
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  29.  13
    Book Review of Losurdo's Nietzsche, il ribelle aristocratico. [REVIEW]Raffaella Santi - 2004 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 27 (1):89-91.
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  30.  16
    Philosophy of Medicine and Model Design.Raffaella Campaner - 2013 - In Hanne Andersen, Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao González, Thomas Uebel & Gregory Wheeler (eds.), New Challenges to Philosophy of Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 467--478.
  31.  1
    Complexity and integration. A philosophical analysis of how cancer complexity can be faced in the era of precision medicine.Giovanni Boniolo & Raffaella Campaner - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (3):1-25.
    Complexity and integration are longstanding widely debated issues in philosophy of science and recent contributions have largely focused on biology and biomedicine. This paper specifically considers some methodological novelties in cancer research, motivated by various features of tumours as complex diseases, and shows how they encourage some rethinking of philosophical discourses on those topics. In particular, we discuss the integrative-cluster approach, and analyse its potential in the epistemology of cancer. We suggest that, far from being the solution to tame cancer (...)
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  32.  2
    Raffaella Sarti, Anna Bellavitis.Janine Lanza - 2019 - Clio 50.
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  33.  13
    The Associations of Dyadic Coping and Relationship Satisfaction Vary Between and Within Nations: A 35-Nation Study.Peter Hilpert, Ashley K. Randall, Piotr Sorokowski, David C. Atkins, Agnieszka Sorokowska, Khodabakhsh Ahmadi, Ahmad M. Aghraibeh, Richmond Aryeetey, Anna Bertoni, Karim Bettache, Marta Błażejewska, Guy Bodenmann, Jessica Borders, Tiago S. Bortolini, Marina Butovskaya, Felipe N. Castro, Hakan Cetinkaya, Diana Cunha, Oana A. David, Anita DeLongis, Fahd A. Dileym, Alejandra D. C. Domínguez Espinosa, Silvia Donato, Daria Dronova, Seda Dural, Maryanne Fisher, Tomasz Frackowiak, Evrim Gulbetekin, Aslıhan Hamamcıoğlu Akkaya, Karolina Hansen, Wallisen T. Hattori, Ivana Hromatko, Raffaella Iafrate, Bawo O. James, Feng Jiang, Charles O. Kimamo, David B. King, Fırat Koç, Amos Laar, Fívia De Araújo Lopes, Rocio Martinez, Norbert Mesko, Natalya Molodovskaya, Khadijeh Moradi, Zahrasadat Motahari, Jean C. Natividade, Joseph Ntayi, Oluyinka Ojedokun, Mohd S. B. Omar-Fauzee, Ike E. Onyishi, Barış Özener, Anna Paluszak, Alda Portugal, Ana P. Relvas, Muhammad Rizwan, Svjetlana Salkičević & Sarmány-Schul - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  34.  10
    Scientific Practice in Modeling Diseases: Stances From Cancer Research and Neuropsychiatry.Marta Bertolaso & Raffaella Campaner - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (1):105-128.
    In the last few decades, philosophy of science has increasingly focused on multilevel models and causal mechanistic explanations to account for complex biological phenomena. On the one hand, biological and biomedical works make extensive use of mechanistic concepts; on the other hand, philosophers have analyzed an increasing range of examples taken from different domains in the life sciences to test—support or criticize—the adequacy of mechanistic accounts. The article highlights some challenges in the elaboration of mechanistic explanations with a focus on (...)
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  35.  16
    Le trasformazioni del servizio domestico in Italia: un'introduzione.Jacqueline Andall & Raffaella Sarti - 2004 - Polis 18 (1):5-16.
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  36. Raffaella Sarti, Vita di casa. Abitare, mangiare, vestire, nell’ Europa moderna.Michelle Zancarini-Fournel - 2014 - Clio 40:282-283.
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  37.  12
    Generalized Quantifiers in Declarative and Interrogative Sentences.Raffaella Bernardi & Richard Moot - 2003 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 11 (4):419-434.
    In this paper we present a logical system able to compute the semantics of both declarative and interrogative sentences. Our proposed analysis takes place at both the sentential and at the discourse level. We use syntactic inference on the sentential level for declarative sentences, while the discourse level comes into play for our treatment of questions. Our formalization uses a type logic sensitive to both the syntactic and semantic properties of natural language. We will show how an account of the (...)
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  38. Ripensando politicamente e pedagogicamente alla summer school.Raffaella Faggioli & Federica Zampighi - 2006 - Encyclopaideia 20:151-168.
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  39.  9
    G. Åkerström-Hougen, The Calendar and Hunting Mosaics of the Villa of the Falconer in Argos.Raffaella Farioli - 1980 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 73 (1).
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  40.  4
    M. Sotomayor, Sarcofagos Romano-Cristianos de España.Raffaella Farioli - 1980 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 73 (1).
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  41.  11
    Sulle teorie manipolative della causalità.Raffaella Campaner - 2003 - Rivista di Filosofia 94 (1):89-106.
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  42. Fianace: testimone della tradizione e interlocutore della modernitá.Raffaella Aliprandi - 2004 - Filosofia Oggi 27 (106):237-246.
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  43.  6
    Utopian itineraries.Raffaella Gherardi - 2016 - Governare la Paura. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 9 (1).
    The essay analyses utopia as a key concept to investigate modern politics. It argues that looking at the works of Machiavelli and More in order to retrace the utopia-realism nexus permits to develop a valuable analytical tool to interpret the outset of political modernity.
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  44.  10
    Raffaella Simili . Scienza a Due Voci. Xix + 372 Pp., Figs., Index. Florence: Leo S. Olschki, 2006. €38 .Valeria P. Babini;, Raffaella Simili . More Than Pupils: Italian Women in Science at the Turn of the Twentieth Century. Xviii + 216 Pp. Florence: Leo S. Olschki, 2007. €24. [REVIEW]Judith R. Goodstein - 2008 - Isis 99 (1):164-165.
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  45. Do Raffaella Girolamiego.Niccolò Machiavelli - 2011 - Kronos - metafizyka, kultura, religia 3 (18).
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  46.  6
    Never Look a Gift Horse in the Mouth? Four Reasons Not to Blur the Line Between Research and Care in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.Wim Pinxten, Raffaella Ravinetto & Anne Buvé - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (6):17-19.
  47. Quine's Meaning Holisms.Raffaella De Rosa & Ernest Lepore - 2004 - In Roger F. Gibson (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Quine. Cambridge University Press.
  48.  74
    Analyzing the Core of Categorial Grammar.Carlos Areces & Raffaella Bernardi - 2004 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13 (2):121-137.
    Even though residuation is at the core of Categorial Grammar (Lambek, 1958), it is not always immediate to realize how standard logical systems like Multi-modal Categorial Type Logics (MCTL) (Moortgat, 1997) actually embody this property. In this paper, we focus on the basic system NL (Lambek, 1961) and its extension with unary modalities NL() (Moortgat, 1996), and we spell things out by means of Display Calculi (DC) (Belnap, 1982; Goré, 1998). The use of structural operators in DC permits a sharp (...)
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  49.  12
    The Role of the Brand on Choice Overload.Raffaella Misuraca, Francesco Ceresia, Ursina Teuscher & Palmira Faraci - 2019 - Mind and Society 18 (1):57-76.
    Current research on choice overload has been mainly conducted with choice options not associated with specific brands. This study investigates whether the presence of brand names in the choice set affects the occurrence of choice overload. Across four studies, we find that when choosing among an overabundance of alternatives, participants express more positive feelings when all the options of the choice set are associated with familiar brands, rather than unfamiliar brands or no brand at all. We also find that choice (...)
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  50.  3
    Raffaella Simili. Sotto falso nome: Scienziate italiane ebree . 158 pp., illus., bibl., index. Bologna: Pendragon, 2010. €14. [REVIEW]Daniela Monaldi - 2012 - Isis 103 (4):802-803.
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