Results for 'Rafik Loulidi'

28 found
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  1.  9
    Some Attitudinal Aspects of Foreign Language Learning in Northern Ireland: Focus on Gender and Religious Affiliation.Rosalind M. O. Pritchard & Rafik Loulidi - 1994 - British Journal of Educational Studies 42 (4):388-401.
    This paper discusses some aspects of foreign language learning within the divided school system of Northern Ireland. It is argued that an improvement of foreign language learning must be seen in a sociocultural context whereby a change in attitudes to languages in general, including Irish, may lead not only to a balanced interest among girls and boys in the language classroom, but also to a more tolerant approach to the cultural differences among the Catholic and Protestant communities.
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  2.  24
    Some Attitudinal Aspects of Foreign Language Learning in Northern Ireland: Focus on Gender and Religious Affiliation.Rosalind M. O. Pritchard & Rafik Loulidi - 1994 - British Journal of Educational Studies 42 (4):388-401.
    This paper discusses some aspects of foreign language learning within the divided school system of Northern Ireland. It is argued that an improvement of foreign language learning must be seen in a sociocultural context whereby a change in attitudes to languages in general, including Irish, may lead not only to a balanced interest among girls and boys in the language classroom, but also to a more tolerant approach to the cultural differences among the Catholic and Protestant communities.
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  3. Balancing Ethical Responsibility Among Multiple Organizational Stakeholders: The Islamic Perspective.Rafik I. Beekun & Jamal A. Badawi - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 60 (2):131-145.
    In spite of a renewed interest in the relationship between spirituality and managerial thinking, the literature covering the link between Islam and management has been sparse – especially in the area of ethics. One potential reason may be the cultural diversity of nearly 1.3 billion Muslims globally. Yet, one common element binding Muslim individuals and countries is normative Islam. Using all four sources of this religion’s teachings, we outline the parameters of an Islamic model of normative business ethics. We explain (...)
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  4. Determinants of Earnings Management Ethics Among Accountants.Rafik Z. Elias - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 40 (1):33 - 45.
    Earnings management behavior is a concern of standard-setters, regulators and the accounting profession. This study examines the ethics of this practice using a national sample of 763 accounting practitioners, faculty and students. Possible determinants of the ethics of this practice such as perceived role of ethics and social responsibility, and personal moral philosophies (i.e. idealism and relativism) are explored. Results indicate a positive relationship between social responsibility, focus on long-term gains, idealism, and the ethical perception of earnings management and negative (...)
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  5. Islamic Business Ethics.Rafik Issa Beekun - 1997 - International Institute of Islamic Thought.
  6. An Examination of Business Students' Perception of Corporate Social Responsibilities Before and After Bankruptcies.Rafik Z. Elias - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 52 (3):267-281.
    Significant research has found that corporations have a social responsibility beyond maximizing shareholders' value. This study examines the effect of high-profile corporate bankruptcies on perception of corporate social responsibility. Undergraduate and graduate business students rated the importance of corporate social responsibility on profitability, long-term success and short-term success, before and after high-profile bankruptcies. The results indicated that students in general perceived corporate social responsibility to be more important to profitability and long-term success of the firm and less important to short-term (...)
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  7.  56
    Effects of Justice and Utilitarianism on Ethical Decision Making: A Cross-Cultural Examination of Gender Similarities and Differences.Rafik I. Beekun, Yvonne Stedham, James W. Westerman & Jeanne H. Yamamura - 2010 - Business Ethics 19 (4):309-325.
    This study investigates the relationship between intention to behave ethically and gender within the context of national culture. Using Reidenbach and Robin's measures of the ethical dimensions of justice and utilitarianism in a sample of business students from three different countries, we found that gender is significantly related to the respondents' intention to behave ethically. Women relied on both justice as well as utilitarianism when making moral decisions. By contrast, men relied only on justice, and did not rely on utilitarianism (...)
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  8.  15
    Effects of Justice and Utilitarianism on Ethical Decision Making: A Cross-Cultural Examination of Gender Similarities and Differences.Rafik I. Beekun, Yvonne Stedham, James W. Westerman & Jeanne H. Yamamura - 2010 - Business Ethics: A European Review 19 (4):309-325.
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  9. The Impact of Anti-Intellectualism Attitudes and Academic Self-Efficacy on Business Students' Perceptions of Cheating.Rafik Z. Elias - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (2):199 - 209.
    College cheating represents a major ethical problem facing students and educators, especially in colleges of business. The current study surveys 666 business students in three universities to examine potential determinants of cheating perceptions. Anti-intellectualism refers to a student’s negative view of the value and importance of intellectual pursuits and critical thinking. Academic self-efficacy refers to a student’s belief in one’s ability to accomplish an academic task. As hypothesized, students high in anti-intellectualism attitudes and those with low academic self-efficacy were least (...)
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  10.  51
    Spirituality and National Culture as Antecedents to Ethical Decision-Making: A Comparison Between the United States and Norway. [REVIEW]Rafik I. Beekun & James W. Westerman - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 110 (1):33-44.
    We investigate the cross-cultural relationships between spirituality and ethical decision-making in Norway and the U.S. Data were collected from business students ( n = 149) at state universities in Norway and the U.S. Results indicate that intention to behave ethically was significantly related to spirituality, national culture, and the influence of peers. Americans were significantly less ethical than Norwegians based on the three dimensions of ethics, yet more spiritual overall. Interestingly, the more spiritual were Norwegians, the more ethical was their (...)
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  11.  15
    The Impact of Anti-Intellectualism Attitudes and Academic Self-Efficacy on Business Students’ Perceptions of Cheating.Rafik Z. Elias - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (2):199-209.
    College cheating represents a major ethical problem facing students and educators, especially in colleges of business. The current study surveys 666 business students in three universities to examine potential determinants of cheating perceptions. Anti-intellectualism refers to a student's negative view of the value and importance of intellectual pursuits and critical thinking. Academic selfefficacy refers to a student's belief in one's ability to accomplish an academic task. As hypothesized, students high in anti-intellectualism attitudes and those with low academic self-efficacy were least (...)
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  12.  51
    Utility of Ethical Frameworks in Determining Behavioral Intention: A Comparison of the U.S. And Russia.Rafik I. Beekun, Jim Westerman & Jamal Barghouti - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 61 (3):235-247.
    Using Reidenbach and Robin‘s ( Journal of Business Ethics 7, 871–879, 1988) multi-criteria ethics instrument, we carried out the first empirical test of Robertson and Crittenden‘s (Strategic Management Journal 24, 385–392, 2003) cross-cultural map of moral philosophies to examine what ethical criteria guide business people in Russia and the U.S. in their intention to behave. Competing divergence and convergence hypotheses were advanced. Our results support a convergence hypothesis, and reveal a common emphasis on relativism. Americans are also influenced by the (...)
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  13.  56
    Business Ethics in Brazil and the U.S.: A Comparative Investigation. [REVIEW]Rafik I. Beekun, Yvonne Stedham & Jeanne H. Yamamura - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 42 (3):267 - 279.
    In this comparative survey of 126 Brazilian and U.S. business professionals, we explore the effect of national culture on ethical decision-making within the context of business. Using Reidenbach and Robin''s (1988) multi-criteria ethics instrument, we examined how these two countries'' differences on Hofstede''s individualism/collectivism dimension are related to the manner in which business practitioners make ethical decisions. Our results indicate that Brazilians and Americans evaluate the ethical content of actions or decisions differently when applying utilitarian criteria. By contrast, business people (...)
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  14.  19
    Gauging the Ethicality of Students in Turkish Institutions of Higher Education.Rafik I. Beekun, Nihat Alayoğlu, Ali Osman Öztürk, Mehmet Babacan & James W. Westerman - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 142 (1):185-197.
    We investigated the ethical behavior of Turkish university students to compare the difference in ethical behavior between business students and non-business students, examine the impact of key contingency variables on how they make decisions when confronted with an ethical dilemma, and investigate the process underlying the ethical behavior of Turkish students. Data were collected from business students at a major private university in Western Turkey. The results indicate that a Turkish student’s peers, marital status, and education level exert a significant (...)
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  15.  69
    The Impact of Professional Commitment and Anticipatory Socialization on Accounting Students' Ethical Orientation.Rafik Z. Elias - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (1):83 - 90.
    The accounting profession has emphasized the need for ethics education in the accounting curriculum. The current study examines professional commitment and anticipatory socialization, operationalized by perception of financial reporting, as possible determinants of Accounting students' ethical perceptions and intentions. Accounting students with higher levels of professional commitment and higher perception of the importance of financial reporting were more likely to perceive questionable actions as unethical and less likely to engage in such actions compared to those students with lower commitment and (...)
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  16. Leadership: An Islamic Perspective.Rafik Issa Beekun - 1999 - Amana.
  17.  57
    An Exploration of Ethical Decision-Making Processes in the United States and Egypt.Rafik I. Beekun, Ramda Hamdy, James W. Westerman & Hassan R. HassabElnaby - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (3):587-605.
    In this comparative survey of 191 Egyptian and 92 U.S. executives, we explore the relationship between national culture and ethical decision-making within the context of business. Using Reidenbach and Robin’s (1988) multi-criteria ethics instrument, we examine how differences on two of Hofstede’s national culture dimensions, individualism/collectivism, and power distance, are related to the manner in which business practitioners make ethical decisions. Egypt and the U.S. provide an interesting comparison because of the extreme differences in their economies and related business development. (...)
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  18.  52
    Peers Versus National Culture: An Analysis of Antecedents to Ethical Decision-Making.James W. Westerman, Rafik I. Beekun, Yvonne Stedham & Jeanne Yamamura - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 75 (3):239-252.
    Given the recent ethics scandals in the United States, there has been a renewed focus on understanding the antecedents to ethical decision-making in the research literature. Since ethical norms and standards of behavior are not universally consistent, an individual’s choice of referent may exert a large influence on his/her ethical decision-making. This study used a social identity theory lens to empirically examine the relative influence of the macro- and micro-level variables of national culture and peers on an individual’s intention to (...)
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  19.  8
    The Impact of Professional Commitment and Anticipatory Socialization on Accounting Students’ Ethical Orientation.Rafik Z. Elias - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (1):83-90.
    The accounting profession has emphasized the need for ethics education in the accounting curriculum. The current study examines professional commitment and anticipatory socialization, operationalized by perception of financial reporting, as possible determinants of Accounting students' ethical perceptions and intentions. Accounting students with higher levels of professional commitment and higher perception of the importance of financial reporting were more likely to perceive questionable actions as unethical and less likely to engage in such actions compared to those students with lower commitment and (...)
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  20.  14
    Ethical Judgment in Business: Culture and Differential Perceptions of Justice Among Italians and Germans.Yvonne Stedham & Rafik I. Beekun - 2013 - Business Ethics 22 (2):189-201.
    This study focuses on the cultural context of ethical decision making by considering the relationship between power distance and ethical judgment. Specifically, we propose that this relationship exists because of the influence of peers on ethical judgment and perceptions of justice. Considering the importance of peers in stage three of Kohlberg's model of moral development, we argue that peers are the basis for social comparisons, social cues and social identification and, hence, are critical to an individual's beliefs about justice. Using (...)
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  21.  9
    Ethical Judgment in Business: Culture and Differential Perceptions of Justice Among Italians and Germans.Yvonne Stedham & Rafik I. Beekun - 2013 - Business Ethics: A European Review 22 (2):189-201.
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  22.  55
    Gender Differences in Business Ethics: Justice and Relativist Perspectives.Yvonne Stedham, Jeanne H. Yamamura & Rafik I. Beekun - 2007 - Business Ethics 16 (2):163–174.
  23.  12
    Gender Differences in Business Ethics: Justice and Relativist Perspectives.Yvonne Stedham, Jeanne H. Yamamura & Rafik I. Beekun - 2007 - Business Ethics: A European Review 16 (2):163-174.
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  24.  11
    Existence of Positive Weak Solutions for a New Class of P,Q Laplacian Nonlinear Elliptic System with Sign-Changing Weights.Rafik Guefaifia, Salah Mahmoud Boulaaras, Sultan Alodhaibi & Salem Alkhalaf - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-6.
    In this paper, by using subsuper solutions method, we study the existence of weak positive solutions for a new class of p,q Laplacian nonlinear elliptic system in bounded domains, when ax, bx,αx, and βx are sign-changing functions that maybe negative near the boundary, without assuming sign conditions on f0,g0,h0, and γ0.
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  25.  3
    An Efficient Cryptosystem for Video Surveillance in the Internet of Things Environment.Rafik Hamza, Alzubair Hassan, Teng Huang, Lishan Ke & Hongyang Yan - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-11.
    Surveillance systems paradigm envisions the pervasive interconnection and cooperation of interactive devices over the Internet infrastructure. Nevertheless, dissemination and processing of surveillance video amid the Internet of Things applications become a susceptible issue due to the large volume and the significant information of these data. Moreover, surveillance devices on IoT have very limited resources such as memory and storage. The actual security methods are not quite appropriate for surveillance IoT systems. Thus, a particular cryptosystem technique is required for surveillance data (...)
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  26.  13
    Empathy as an Antecedent of Social Justice Attitudes and Perceptions.Matthew Cartabuke, James W. Westerman, Jacqueline Z. Bergman, Brian G. Whitaker, Jennifer Westerman & Rafik I. Beekun - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (3):605-615.
    At the same time that social justice concerns are on the rise on college campuses, empathy levels among US college students are falling. Social injustice resulting from organizational decisions and actions causes profound and unnecessary human suffering, and research to understand antecedents to these decisions and actions lacks attention. Empathy represents a potential tool and critical skill for organizational decision-makers, with empirical evidence linking empathy to moral recognition of ethical situations and greater breadth of understanding of stakeholder impact and improved (...)
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  27. A New Proof of Existence of Positive Weak Solutions for Sublinear Kirchhoff Elliptic Systems with Multiple Parameters.Salah Mahmoud Boulaaras, Rafik Guefaifia, Bahri Cherif & Sultan Alodhaibi - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-6.
    This paper deals with the study of the existence of weak positive solutions for sublinear Kirchhoff elliptic systems with zero Dirichlet boundary condition in bounded domainΩ⊂ℝNby using the subsuper solutions method.
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  28. Season of Travesties: Freedom and Democracy in Mid-2009.Noam Chomsky - unknown
    The election in Lebanon was greeted with euphoria. New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman gushed that he is "a sucker for free and fair elections," so "it warms my heart to watch" what happened in Lebanon in an election that "was indeed free and fair Ñ not like the pretend election you are about to see in Iran, where only candidates approved by the Supreme Leader can run. No, in Lebanon it was the real deal, and the results were fascinating: (...)
     
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