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Raimo Tuomela [130]Raimo Heikki Tuomela [1]
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Profile: Raimo Tuomela (University of Helsinki)
  1.  41
    The Philosophy of Sociality: The Shared Point of View.Raimo Tuomela - 2007 - Oup Usa.
    The Philosophy of Sociality offers new ideas and conceptual tools for philosophers and social scientists in their analysis of the social world.
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  2. The Importance of Us: A Philosophical Study of Basic Social Notions.Raimo Tuomela - 1995 - Stanford University Press.
    This book develops a systematic philosophical theory of social action and group phenomena, in the process presenting detailed analyses of such central social notions as 'we-attitude' (especially 'we-intention' and mutual belief, social norm, joint action, and - most important - group goal, group belief, and group action). Though this is a philosophical work, it presents a unified conceptual framework that may be useful to social scientists, especially social psychologists, as well as philosophers. The book puts forward and defends a number (...)
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  3.  32
    Social Ontology: Collective Intentionality and Group Agents.Raimo Tuomela - 2013 - Oup Usa.
    This volume presents a systematic philosophical theory related to the collectivism-versus-individualism debate in the social sciences. A weak version of collectivism (the "we-mode" approach) that depends on group-based collective intentionality is developed in the book. The we-mode approach is used to account for collective intention and action, cooperation, group attitudes, social practices and institutions as well as group solidarity.
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  4. The We-Perspective.Raimo Tuomela - 2007 - In Fabienne Peter (ed.), Rationality and Commitment. Oxford University Press, Usa. pp. 227.
     
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  5. We-Intentions Revisited.Raimo Tuomela - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 125 (3):327 - 369.
    This paper gives an up-to-date account of we-intentions and responds to some critics of the author’s earlier work on the topic in question. While the main lines of the new account are basically the same as before, the present account considerably adds to the earlier work. For one thing, it shows how we-intentions and joint intentions can arise in terms of the so-called Bulletin Board View of joint intention acquisition, which relies heavily on some underlying mutually accepted conceptual and situational (...)
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  6. Belief Versus Acceptance.Raimo Tuomela - 2000 - Philosophical Explorations 3 (2):122 – 137.
    In this paper the problem of the relation between belief and acceptance is discussed in view of recent literature on the topic. Belief and acceptance are characterized in terms of a number of properties, which show both the similarities and the dissimilarities between these notions. In particular it is claimed - contrary to some recently expressed views - that acceptance need not be intentional action and that the differences between belief and acceptance do not boil down to the simple view (...)
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  7.  84
    Two Kinds of We-Reasoning.Raul Hakli, Kaarlo Miller & Raimo Tuomela - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (3):291-320.
    Page 1. Economics and Philosophy, 26 291--320 Copyright C Cambridge University Press doi: 10.1017 / S0266267110000386 TWO KINDS OF WE-REASONING RAUL HAKLI, KAARLO MILLER AND RAIMO TUOMELA University of Helsinki.
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  8. We Will Do It: An Analysis of Group-Intentions.Raimo Tuomela - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (2):249-277.
  9. A Theory of Social Action.Raimo Tuomela - 1988 - Noûs 22 (4):624-629.
  10.  4
    Theoretical Concepts.Raimo Tuomela - 1973 - New York: Springer Verlag.
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  11. Group Knowledge Analyzed.Raimo Tuomela - 2004 - Episteme 1 (2):109-127.
    The main task of the present paper is to investigate the nature of collective knowledge and discuss what kind of justificatory aspects are involved in it to discuss it from collective belief. The central kind of collective knowledge investigated is normatively binding knowledge attributed to a social group. A distinction is made between natural knowledge and constitutive knowledge related to social (especially institutional) matters. In the case of the latter kind of knowledge, in contrast to the former kind, justification and (...)
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  12.  89
    Joint Intention, We-Mode and I-Mode.Raimo Tuomela - 2006 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 30 (1):35–58.
    The central topic of this paper is to study joint intention to perform a joint action or to bring about a certain state. Here are some examples of such joint action: You and I share the plan to carry a heavy table jointly upstairs and realize this plan, we sing a duet together, we clean up our backyard together, and I cash a check by acting jointly with you, a bank teller, and finally we together elect a new president for (...)
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  13. Collective Acceptance, Social Institutions, and Social Reality.Raimo Tuomela - manuscript
    The paper presents an account of social institutions on the basis of collective acceptance. Basically, collective acceptance by some members of a group involves the members’ collectively coming to hold and holding a relevant social attitude (a “we-attitude”), viz. either one in the intention family of concepts or one in the belief family. In standard cases the collective acceptance must be in the “we-mode”, viz. performed as a group member, and involve that it be meant for the group. The participants (...)
     
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  14.  86
    Group Beliefs.Raimo Tuomela - 1992 - Synthese 91 (3):285-318.
    It is argued in this paper that there can be both normative and nonnormative, merely factual group beliefs. The former involve the whole social group in question, while the latter only relate to the distributions of personal beliefs within the group. The paper develops a detailed theory, called the positional account of group beliefs, to explicate normative, group-involving group beliefs. Normative group beliefs are characterized within this approach in terms of joint acceptances of views by the group members — or (...)
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  15. Cooperation and Trust in Group Context.Raimo Tuomela - 2005 - Mind and Society 4 (1):49-84.
    This paper is mainly about cooperation as a collective action in a group context (acting in a position or participating in the performance of a group task, etc.), although the assumption of the presence of a group context is not made in all parts of the paper. The paper clarifies what acting as a group member involves, and it analytically characterizes the ‘‘we-mode’’ (thinking and acting as a group member) and the ‘‘I-mode’’ (thinking and acting as a private person).
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  16. Collective Goals and Communicative Action.Raimo Tuomela - 2002 - Journal of Philosophical Research 27:29-64.
    This paper gives an account of communicative action from the point of view of communication as a cooperative enterprise. It is argued that this is communication both on the basis of shared collective goals and without them. It is also argued that people can communicate without specifically formed illocutionary communicative intentions. The paper concludes by comparing the account given in the paper with Habermas’s theory of communicative action.
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  17.  9
    Human Action and its Explanation.Raimo Tuomela - 1974 - Institute of Philosophy, University of Helsinki].
  18.  39
    Actions by Collectives.Raimo Tuomela - 1989 - Philosophical Perspectives 3:471-496.
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  19. Collective and Joint Intention.Raimo Tuomela - 2000 - Mind and Society 1 (2):39-69.
    The paper discussed and analyzes collective and joint intentions of various strength. Thus there are subjectively shared collective intentions and intersubjectively shared collective intentions as well as collective intentions which are objectively and intersubjectively shared. The distinction between collective and private intentions is considered from several points of view. Especially, it is emphasized that collective intentions in the full sense are in the “we-mode”, whereas private intentions are in the “I-mode”. The paper also surveys recent discussion in the literature concerning (...)
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  20. Collective Intentions and Game Theory.Raimo Tuomela - 2009 - Journal of Philosophy 106 (5):292-300.
  21.  1
    Acting as a Group Member and Collective Commitments.Raimo Tuomela & Maj Tuomela - 2003 - ProtoSociology 18:7-65.
    In this paper we will study two central social notions, acting as a group member and collective commitment. Our study of the first of these notions is -- as far as we know -- the first systematic work on the topic. Acting as a group member is a central notion that obviously must be understood when speaking of the "we-perspective", group life, and of social life more generally. Thus, not only philosophy of sociality, philosophy of social science, political and moral (...)
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  22. Contemporary Action Theory.Ghita Holmström-Hintikka & Raimo Tuomela - 1997
  23.  28
    On the Structuralist Approach to the Dynamics of Theories.Raimo Tuomela - 1978 - Synthese 39 (2):211 - 231.
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  24.  36
    Theory-Distance and Verisimilitude.Raimo Tuomela - 1978 - Synthese 38 (2):213 - 246.
    Measures of theory-Distance are defined for theories formalizable within first-Order predicate logic by using distributive normal forms. The account is applied to give measures of verisimilitude.
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  25. Are Reason-Explanations Explanations by Means of Structuring Causes?Raimo Tuomela - 1990 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (4):813-818.
  26.  65
    Collective Action, Supervenience, and Constitution.Raimo Tuomela - 1989 - Synthese 80 (2):243 - 266.
  27.  74
    On the Structural Aspects of Collective Action and Free-Riding.Raimo Tuomela - 1992 - Theory and Decision 32 (2):165-202.
    1. One of the main aims of this paper is to study the possibilities for free-riding type of behavior in various kinds of many-person interaction situations. In particular it will be of interest to see what kinds of game-theoretic structures, defined in terms of the participants' outcome-preferences, can be involved in cases of free-riding. I shall also be interested in the related problem or dilemma of collective action in a somewhat broader sense. By the dilemma of collective action I mean, (...)
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  28.  31
    What is Cooperation?Raimo Tuomela - 1993 - Erkenntnis 38 (1):87 - 101.
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  29.  11
    Who Is Afraid of Group Agents and Group Minds?Raimo Tuomela - 2013 - In Michael Schmitz, Beatrice Kobow & Hans Bernhard Schmid (eds.), The Background of Social Reality. Springer. pp. 13--35.
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  30.  60
    Collective Acceptance and Collective Social Notions.Raimo Tuomela & Wolfgang Balzer - 1998 - Synthese 117 (2):175-205.
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  31. The We-Mode and the I-Mode.Raimo Tuomela - 2003 - In F. Schmitt (ed.), Socializing Metaphysics : The Nature of Social Reality. Rowman & Littlefield, 65-91. pp. 93--127.
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  32.  30
    An Account of Group Knowledge.Raimo Tuomela - 2011 - In Hans Bernhard Schmid, Daniel Sirtes & Marcel Weber (eds.), Collective Epistemology. Ontos. pp. 20--75.
  33.  6
    We Will Do It.Raimo Tuomela - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (2):249-277.
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  34. The Logic and Epistemology of Scientific Change.Ilkka Niiniluoto & Raimo Tuomela (eds.) - 1979 - North-Holland Pub. Co..
  35.  56
    Joint Action and Group Action Made Precise.Gabriel Sandu & Raimo Tuomela - 1995 - Synthese 105 (3):319 - 345.
    The paper argues that there are two main kinds of joint action, direct joint bringing about (or performing) something (expressed in terms of a DO-operator) and jointly seeing to it that something is the case (expressed in terms of a Stit-operator). The former kind of joint action contains conjunctive, disjunctive and sequential action and its central subkinds. While joint seeing to it that something is the case is argued to be necessarily intentional, direct joint performance can also be nonintentional. Actions (...)
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  36.  9
    Morgan on Deductive Explanation: A Rejoinder. [REVIEW]Raimo Tuomela - 1976 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 5 (4):527 - 543.
    This paper is mainly a response to Charles Morgan's criticisms (this journal, pp. 511-25) of the author's model of the (formal aspects of) explanation. It is claimed in the paper that with two modifications and some additional specifications the model withstands Morgan's criticisms.
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  37.  2
    Group Action and Group Responsibility.Pekka Mäkelä & Raimo Tuomela - 2002 - ProtoSociology 16:195-214.
    In this paper a social group’s responsibility for its actions and their consequences are investigated from a philosophical point of view. Building on Tuomela’s theory of group action, the paper argues that group responsibility can be analyzed in terms of what its members think and do qua group members. When a group is held responsible for some action, its members, acting qua members of the group, can collectively be regarded as praiseworthy or blameworthy, in the light of some normative standard, (...)
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  38.  19
    Group Agents and Their Responsibility.Raimo Tuomela & Pekka Mäkelä - 2016 - Journal of Ethics 20 (1-3):299-316.
    Group agents are able to act but are not literally agents. Some group agents, e.g., we-mode groups and corporations, can, however, be regarded as functional group agents that do not have “intrinsic” mental states and phenomenal features comparable to what their individual members on biological and psychological grounds have. But they can have “extrinsic” mental states, states collectively attributed to them—primarily by their members. In this paper, we discuss the responsibility of such group agents. We defend the view that if (...)
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  39.  1
    Cooperation as Joint Action.Raimo Tuomela - 2011 - Analyse & Kritik 33 (1):65-86.
    The paper studies cooperation as joint action, where joint action can, first, be conceptualized either individualistically in terms of the participants' individual goals and beliefs that the joint action is taken to serve. This is individualistic or 'I-mode' cooperation. Special version of it is 'pro-group I-mode' cooperation, where the goals are shared. Second, cooperation can be of the kind where a group of persons act together as a group in terms of the non-aggregative 'we' that they form. The results of (...)
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  40. Collective Intentionality and Social Agents.Raimo Tuomela - manuscript
    In this paper I will discuss a certain philosophical and conceptual program -- that I have called philosophy of social action writ large -- and also show in detail how parts of the program have been, and is currently being carried out. In current philosophical research the philosophy of social action can be understood in a broad sense to encompass such central research topics as action occurring in a social context (this includes multi-agent action); shared we-attitudes (such as we-intention, mutual (...)
     
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  41.  45
    Methodological Solipsism and Explanation in Psychology.Raimo Tuomela - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (March):23-47.
    This paper is a discussion of the tenability of methodological solipsism, which typically relies on the so-called Explanatory Thesis. The main arguments in the paper are directed against the latter thesis, according to which internal (or autonomous or narrow) psychological states as opposed to noninternal ones suffice for explanation in psychology. Especially, feedback-based actions are argued to require indispensable reference to noninternal explanantia, often to explanatory common causes. Thus, to the extent that methodological solipsism is taken to require the truth (...)
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  42.  17
    Explaining Explaining.Raimo Tuomela - 1980 - Erkenntnis 15 (2):211 - 243.
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  43.  34
    Deductive Explanation of Scientific Laws.Raimo Tuomela - 1972 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 1 (3/4):369 - 392.
  44.  16
    Searle on Social Institutions.Raimo Tuomela - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2):435 - 441.
  45.  34
    Philosophy and Distributed Artificial Intelligence: The Case of Joint Intention.Raimo Tuomela - 1996 - In N. Jennings & G. O'Hare (eds.), Foundations of Distributed Artificial Intelligence. Wiley.
    In current philosophical research the term 'philosophy of social action' can be used - and has been used - in a broad sense to encompass the following central research topics: 1) action occurring in a social context; this includes multi-agent action; 2) joint attitudes (or "we-attitudes" such as joint intention, mutual belief) and other social attitudes needed for the explication and explanation of social action; 3) social macro-notions, such as actions performed by social groups and properties of social groups such (...)
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  46.  23
    Free Riding and the Prisoner's Dilemma.Raimo Tuomela - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (8):421-427.
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  47.  32
    Collective Acceptance and Social Reality.Raimo Tuomela - 2001 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 11:161-171.
    Many social properties and notions are collectively made. Two collectively created aspects of the social world have been emphasized in recent literature. The first is that of the performative character of many social things (entities, properties). The second is the reflexive nature of many social concepts. The present account adds to this list a third feature, the collective availability or “for-groupness” of collective social items. It is a precise account of social notions and social facts in terms of collective appearance. (...)
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  48.  55
    Ruben and the Metaphysics of the Social World.Raimo Tuomela - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (2):261-273.
  49.  15
    Socializing Metaphysics: The Nature of Social Reality.Frederick F. Schmitt, Gary Ebbs, Margaret Gilbert, Sally Haslanger, Kevin Kimble, Ron Mallon, Seumas Miller, Philip Pettit, Abraham Sesshu Roth, John Searle, Raimo Tuomela & Edward Witherspoon - 2003 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Socializing Metaphysics supplies diverse answers to the basic questions of social metaphysics, from a broad array of voices. It will interest all philosophers and social scientists concerned with mind, action, or the foundations of social theory.
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  50.  43
    Dispositions, Realism, and Explanation.Raimo Tuomela - 1977 - Synthese 34 (4):457 - 478.
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