Results for 'Rainer Harms'

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  1.  7
    Effects of Instrumentality and Personal Force on Deontological and Utilitarian Inclinations in Harm-Related Moral Dilemmas.Jonas Ludwig, Rainer Reisenzein & Anette Hiemisch - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  2.  21
    Nanotechnology and Ethics: The Role of Regulation Versus Self-Commitment in Shaping Researchers' Behavior. [REVIEW]Matthias Fink, Rainer Harms & Isabella Hatak - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 109 (4):569-581.
    The governance of nanotechnology seeks to limit its risks, without constraining opportunities. The literature on the effectiveness of approaches to governance has neglected approaches that impact directly on the behavior of a researcher. We analyze the effectiveness of legal regulations versus regulation via self-commitment. Then, we refine this model by analyzing competition and autonomy as key contingency factors. In the first step, qualitative interviews with nanotechnology researchers are conducted to reflect this model. In the second step, its empirical relevance is (...)
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  3.  1
    Ethical Orientation and Research Misconduct Among Business Researchers Under the Condition of Autonomy and Competition.Matthias Fink, Johannes Gartner, Rainer Harms & Isabella Hatak - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics.
    The topics of ethical conduct and governance in academic research in the business field have attracted scientific and public attention. The concern is that research misconduct in organizations such as business schools and universities might result in practitioners, policymakers, and researchers grounding their decisions on biased research results. This study addresses ethical research misconduct by investigating whether the ethical orientation of business researchers is related to the likelihood of research misconduct, such as selective reporting of research findings. We distinguish between (...)
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  4. The Wrongness of Killing.Rainer Ebert - 2016 - Dissertation, Rice University
    There are few moral convictions that enjoy the same intuitive plausibility and level of acceptance both within and across nations, cultures, and traditions as the conviction that, normally, it is morally wrong to kill people. Attempts to provide a philosophical explanation of why that is so broadly fall into three groups: Consequentialists argue that killing is morally wrong, when it is wrong, because of the harm it inflicts on society in general, or the victim in particular, whereas personhood and human (...)
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  5. Rainer Maria Rilke's 'Sonnets to Orpheus': A New English Version, With a Philosophical Introduction.Rainer Maria Rilke & Rick Anthony Furtak (eds.) - 2007 - University of Scranton Press.
     
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  6.  34
    The Right to Justification by Rainer Forst. [REVIEW]Rainer Forst, Matthias Fritsch, Jeffrey Flynn & Seyla Benhabib - 2015 - Political Theory 43 (6):777-837.
  7. Berichtigung zu Hoffmeisters Besprechung von Harms, Hegel und das 20. Jahrhundert.Ernst Harms - 1935 - Kant-Studien 40:297.
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  8.  30
    Danse publique et communauté : Trio A et autres pièces ou films d'Yvonne Rainer.Yvonne Rainer & Catherine Delaruelle - 2004 - Rue Descartes 44 (2):80.
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  9.  43
    Harm to Others.Joel Feinberg - 1987 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This first volume in the four-volume series The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law focuses on the "harm principle," the commonsense view that prevention of harm to persons other than the perpetrator is a legitimate purpose of criminal legislation. Feinberg presents a detailed analysis of the concept and definition of harm and applies it to a host of practical and theoretical issues, showing how the harm principle must be interpreted if it is to be a plausible guide to the lawmaker.
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  10. Toleration in Conflict: Past and Present.Rainer Forst - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    The concept of toleration plays a central role in pluralistic societies. It designates a stance which permits conflicts over beliefs and practices to persist while at the same time defusing them, because it is based on reasons for coexistence in conflict - that is, in continuing dissension. A critical examination of the concept makes clear, however, that its content and evaluation are profoundly contested matters and thus that the concept itself stands in conflict. For some, toleration was and is an (...)
     
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  11.  5
    Das Risiko der Ethik Rainer.Rainer Maria Kiesow - 2003 - In Katja Becker, Eva-Maria Engelen & Milos Vec (eds.), Ethisierung - Ethikferne: Wie Viel Ethik Braucht Die Wissenschaft? De Gruyter. pp. 153-156.
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  12.  65
    Noumenal Alienation: Rousseau, Kant and Marx on the Dialectics of Self-Determination.Rainer Forst - 2017 - Kantian Review 22 (4):523-551.
    This article argues that alienation should be understood as a particular form of individual and social heteronomy that can only be overcome by a dialectical combination of individual and collective autonomy, recovering a deontological sense of normative authority. If we think about alienation in Kantian terms, the main source of alienation is a denial of standing or, in the extreme, losing a sense of oneself as a rational normative authority equal to all others. I call the former kind of alienation, (...)
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  13.  35
    Universals in Linguistic Theory. (Edited by Emmon Bach, Robert T. Harms ... Contributing Authors, Charles J. Fillmore ... Paul Kiparsky ... James D. McCawley.).Emmon W. Bach & Robert Thomas Harms (eds.) - 1968 - New York, NY, USA: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
    Record of papers given at a symposium held at the University of Texas at Austin, April 1967; includes; C.J. Fillmore - The case for case; E. Bach - Nouns and noun phrases; J.D. McCawley - The role of semantics in a grammar; P. Kiparsky Linguistic universals and linguistic change.
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  14.  1
    Contexts of Justice: Political Philosophy Beyond Liberalism and Communitarianism.Rainer Forst - 2002 - University of California Press.
    _Contexts of Justice,_ highly acclaimed when it was published in Germany, provides a significant new intervention into the important debate between communitarianism and liberalism. Rainer Forst argues for a theory of "contexts of justice" that leads beyond the narrow confines of this debate as it has been understood until now and posits the possibility of a new conception of social and political justice. This book brings refreshing clarity to a complex topic as it provides a synthesis of traditions and (...)
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  15. Affective Resonance and Social Interaction.Rainer Mühlhoff - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):1001-1019.
    Interactive social cognition theory and approaches of developmental psychology widely agree that central aspects of emotional and social experience arise in the unfolding of processes of embodied social interaction. Bi-directional dynamical couplings of bodily displays such as facial expressions, gestures, and vocalizations have repeatedly been described in terms of coordination, synchrony, mimesis, or attunement. In this paper, I propose conceptualizing such dynamics rather as processes of affective resonance. Starting from the immediate phenomenal experience of being immersed in interaction, I develop (...)
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  16.  25
    John Leslie, Maryvonne Longeart-Roth, Rainer Friedrich, Celina A. Lertora Mendoza.John Leslie, Maryvonne Longeart-Roth, Rainer Friedrich & Celina A. Lertora Mendoza - 1988 - Philosophie Et Culture: Actes du XVIIe Congrès Mondial de Philosophie 5:616-617.
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  17.  16
    Why European Citizenship? Normative Approaches to Supranational Union.Rainer Bauböck - 2007 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 8 (2):453-488.
    European citizenship is a nested membership in a multilevel polity that operates at member state and union levels. A normative theory of supranational citizenship will necessarily be informed by the EU as the only present case and will be addressed to the EU in most of its prescriptions, but should still develop a model sufficiently general to potentially apply to other regional unions as well. The Article first describes three basic characteristics of such a polity — democratic representation at the (...)
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  18. Affekt Macht Netz. Auf dem Weg zu einer Sozialtheorie der Digitalen Gesellschaft (Hg. Breljak/ Mühlhoff/ Slaby).Rainer Mühlhoff, Anja Breljak & Jan Slaby (eds.) - 2019 - Bielefeld: transcript.
    -/- Shitstorms, Hate Speech oder virale Videos, die zum Klicken, Liken, Teilen bewegen: Die vernetzte Gesellschaft ist von Affekten getrieben und bringt selbst ganz neue Affekte hervor. -/- Die Beiträge des Bandes nehmen die medientechnologischen Entwicklungen unserer Zeit in den Blick und untersuchen sie aus der Perspektive einer kritischen Affekt- und Sozialphilosophie. Sie zeigen: Soziale Medien und digitale Plattformen sind nicht nur Räume des Austauschs, sie erschaffen Affektökonomien – und darin liegt auch ihre Macht. Indem sie neue Formen des sozialen (...)
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  19.  70
    Lies, Harm, And Practical Interests.Andreas Stokke - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 98 (2):329-345.
    This paper outlines an account of the ethics of lying, which accommodates two main ideas about lying. The first of these, Anti-Deceptionalism, is the view that lying does not necessarily involve intentions to deceive. The second, Anti-Absolutism, is the view that lying is not always morally wrong. It is argued that lying is not wrong in itself, but rather the wrong in lying is explained by different factors in different cases. In some cases such factors may include deceptive intentions on (...)
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  20.  5
    Die Neorepublikanische Maschine.Rainer Forst - 2018 - In Violetta L. Waibel, Margit Ruffing & David Wagner (eds.), Natur Und Freiheit. Akten des Xii. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. De Gruyter. pp. 663-674.
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  21.  11
    Against Nature, by Lorraine Daston. Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press, 2019, ISBN: 9780262537339 86 Pp, $13.95 Pbk. [REVIEW]Rainer Forst - 2022 - European Journal of Philosophy 30 (1):427-428.
    European Journal of Philosophy, Volume 30, Issue 1, Page 427-428, March 2022.
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  22.  22
    Die Zeit der Einbildungskraft - Die Rolle des Schematismus in Kants Erkenntnistheorie.Rainer Schäfer - 2019 - Kant-Studien 110 (3):437-462.
    In this paper, I focus on Kant’s doctrine of figurative synthesis. Figurative synthesis is the result of the activity of productive transcendental imagination. This is the chief problem of the so-called “second proof step” in Kant’s deduction of the categories according to the second edition of the Critique of Pure Reason. The pure original synthetic apperception forms in the inner and outer sense - i. e. in time and space - by self-affection structures of order that make it possible to (...)
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  23. Harming as Making Worse Off.Duncan Purves - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (10):2629-2656.
    A powerful argument against the counterfactual comparative account of harm is that it cannot distinguish harming from failing to benefit. In reply to this problem, I suggest a new account of harm. The account is a counterfactual comparative one, but it counts as harms only those events that make a person occupy his level of well-being at the world at which the event occurs. This account distinguishes harming from failing to benefit in a way that accommodates our intuitions about (...)
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  24.  17
    Metamorphosis: Transformations of the Body and the Influence of Ovid's Metamorphoses on Germanic Literature of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. By David Gallagher.Rainer Godel - 2012 - The European Legacy 17 (6):840-840.
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  25. Berichtigung zu Hoffmeisters Besprechung von Harms, Hegel und das 20. Jahrhundert. [REVIEW]Ernst Harms - 1935 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 40:297.
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  26. Idealismus, Jahrbuch Für Die Idealistische Philosophie. Ernst Harms. Vol. I.Ernst Harms - 1935 - Philosophy 10 (37):102-103.
     
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  27.  2
    Kontexte der Gerechtigkeit: Politische Philosophie Jenseits von Liberalismus Und Kommunitarismus.Rainer Forst - 1994
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  28. The Right to Justification: Elements of a Constructivist Theory of Justice.Rainer Forst - 2011 - Columbia University Press.
    Introduction: the foundation of justice -- Practical reason and justifying reasons: on the foundation of morality -- Moral autonomy and the autonomy of morality : toward a theory of normativity after Kant -- Ethics and morality -- The justification of justice: Rawls's political liberalism and Habermas's discourse theory in dialogue -- Political liberty: integrating five conceptions of autonomy -- A critical theory of multicultural toleration -- The rule of reasons: three models of deliberative democracy -- Social justice, justification, and power (...)
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  29. Plural Harm.Neil Feit - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (2):361-388.
    In this paper, I construct and defend an account of harm, specifically, all-things-considered overall harm. I start with a simple comparative account, on which an event harms a person provided that she would have been better off had it not occurred. The most significant problems for this account are overdetermination and preemption cases. However, a counterfactual comparative approach of some sort is needed to make sense of harm, or so I argue. I offer a counterfactual comparative theory that accounts (...)
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  30.  1
    Temporale Deixis Temporale Frage: Zum Propositionalen Gehalt Deklarativer Und Interrogativer Sätze.Rainer Bäuerle - 1979 - Gunter Narr Verlag.
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  31.  2
    Rainer Maria Rilke, poeta de lo invisible. La trascendencia de la muerte en la obra tardía del poeta: Las elegías del Duino y Los sonetos a Orfeo.María Olga Giménez Salinas - 2021 - Revista de Filosofía 78:61-77.
    This paper proposes a philosophical-literary interpretation of the work of Rainer Maria Rilke, carried out, fundamentally, from: Duino Elegies and Sonnets to Orpheus. It is suggested that the Rilkean work contains a proposal for a solution to the existential problem of man in the world, in the context of the crisis of modernity. The poet describes a way to achieve a new human root, whose fundamental axis is the acceptance of death, which is materialized in the acquisition of awareness (...)
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  32. Harms to Future People and Procreative Intentions.David T. Wasserman - 2009 - In David Wasserman & Melinda Roberts (eds.), Harming Future Persons. Springer. pp. 265--285.
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  33.  10
    Predictive Privacy: Towards an Applied Ethics of Data Analytics.Rainer Mühlhoff - 2021 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (4):675-690.
    Data analytics and data-driven approaches in Machine Learning are now among the most hailed computing technologies in many industrial domains. One major application is predictive analytics, which is used to predict sensitive attributes, future behavior, or cost, risk and utility functions associated with target groups or individuals based on large sets of behavioral and usage data. This paper stresses the severe ethical and data protection implications of predictive analytics if it is used to predict sensitive information about single individuals or (...)
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  34.  6
    Profile Negativistischer Sozialphilosophie: Ein Kompendium.Hans Rainer Sepp, Andreas Hetzel & Burkhard Liebsch (eds.) - 2011 - Akademie Verlag.
    Die Beiträge dieses Buches unternehmen den Versuch, Praktische Philosophie in Begriffen einer negativistischen Sozialphilosophie zu rekonstruieren, die ein breites Spektrum von Phänomenen negativer Sozialität in ihrem eigenen Recht beschreibt und dabei davon ausgehen muss, dass sich diese Phänomene nicht in einer voll integrierten Gemeinschaft oder Gesellschaft aufheben lassen. Eine solche Sozialphilosophie geht den Gründen für die Irreduziblität des Negativen einerseits auf einer begrifflichen Ebene, andererseits aber auch in konkreten historisch-sozialphilosophischen, lexikalisch angeordneten Analysen nach. Getragen sind die Analysen von der Überzeugung, (...)
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  35.  5
    Der Sinn und der Grund der Menschenrechte.Rainer Forst - 2018 - In Reza Mosayebi (ed.), Kant Und Menschenrechte. De Gruyter. pp. 241-266.
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  36. Harm: Omission, Preemption, Freedom.Nathan Hanna - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 93 (2):251-73.
    The Counterfactual Comparative Account of Harm says that an event is overall harmful for someone if and only if it makes her worse off than she otherwise would have been. I defend this account from two common objections.
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  37.  52
    Toleration and its Paradoxes: A Tribute to John Horton.Rainer Forst - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):415-424.
    This paper discusses John Horton’s influential theory of toleration. Starting from his analysis of the paradoxes of toleration, I argue that the avoidance of these paradoxes requires a moral justification of toleration based on practical reason. I cite the conception of toleration that Pierre Bayle developed to support this claim. But Horton is skeptical of such a moral justification, and this creates problems for his account of toleration.
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  38.  39
    The Cognitive‐Evolutionary Model of Surprise: A Review of the Evidence. [REVIEW]Rainer Reisenzein, Gernot Horstmann & Achim Schützwohl - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (1):50-74.
    Research on surprise relevant to the cognitive-evolutionary model of surprise proposed by Meyer, Reisenzein, and Schützwohl is reviewed. The majority of the assumptions of the model are found empirically supported. Surprise is evoked by unexpected events and its intensity is determined by the degree if schema-discrepancy, whereas the novelty and the valence of the eliciting events probably do not have an independent effect. Unexpected events cause an automatic interruption of ongoing mental processes that is followed by an attentional shift and (...)
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  39.  13
    Tierrechte – Eine interdisziplinäre Herausforderung.Rainer Ebert - 2007 - Erlangen, Germany: Harald Fischer Verlag.
    Der Band vereinigt die Vorträge der internationalen Vorlesungsreihe “Tierrechte” an der Universität Heidelberg im Sommersemester 2006. Herausgegeben von der Interdisziplinären Arbeitsgemeinschaft Tierethik (IAT) mit ihren gegenwärtigen und früheren Mitgliedern Katharina Blesch, Alexandra Breunig, Stefan Buss, Guillaume Dondainas, Rainer Ebert, Florian Fruth, Nils Kessler, Matthias Müller, Uta Panten, Anette Reimelt, Bernd Schälling, Jürgen Schneele, Adriana Sixt-Sailer, Manja Unger und Alexander Zehmisch, setzt er die mit der Vorlesungsreihe begonnenen Bemühungen um eine unvoreingenommene Vermittlung der tierethischen Forschung fort. Der Band will es (...)
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  40. Harming Some to Benefit Others: Animal Rights and the Moral Imperative of Trap-Neuter-Release Programs.C. E. Abbate - 2018 - Between the Species 21 (1).
    Because spaying/neutering animals involves the harming of some animals in order to prevent harm to others, some ethicists, like David Boonin, argue that the philosophy of animal rights is committed to the view that spaying/neutering animals violates the respect principle and that Trap Neuter Release programs are thus impermissible. In response, I demonstrate that the philosophy of animal rights holds that, under certain conditions, it is justified, and sometimes even obligatory, to cause harm to some animals in order to prevent (...)
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  41.  91
    Innocent Threats and the Moral Problem of Carnivorous Animals.Rainer Ebert & Tibor R. Machan - 2012 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (2):146-159.
    The existence of predatory animals is a problem in animal ethics that is often not taken as seriously as it should be. We show that it reveals a weakness in Tom Regan's theory of animal rights that also becomes apparent in his treatment of innocent human threats. We show that there are cases in which Regan's justice-prevails-approach to morality implies a duty not to assist the jeopardized, contrary to his own moral beliefs. While a modified account of animal rights that (...)
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  42. Noumenal Power.Rainer Forst - 2015 - Journal of Political Philosophy 23 (2):111-127.
  43. The Harm Principle.Nils Holtug - 2002 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5 (4):357-389.
    According to the Harm Principle, roughly, the state may coerce a person only if it can thereby prevent harm to others. Clearly, this principle depends crucially on what we understand by harm. Thus, if any sort of negative effect on a person may count as a harm, the Harm Principle will fail to sufficiently protect individual liberty. Therefore, a more subtle concept of harm is needed. I consider various possible conceptions and argue that none gives rise to a plausible version (...)
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  44.  45
    Coherence Between Emotion and Facial Expression: Evidence From Laboratory Experiments.Rainer Reisenzein, Markus Studtmann & Gernot Horstmann - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (1):16-23.
    Evidence on the coherence between emotion and facial expression in adults from laboratory experiments is reviewed. High coherence has been found in several studies between amusement and smiling; low to moderate coherence between other positive emotions and smiling. The available evidence for surprise and disgust suggests that these emotions are accompanied by their “traditional” facial expressions, and even components of these expressions, only in a minority of cases. Evidence concerning sadness, anger, and fear is very limited. For sadness, one study (...)
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  45.  30
    Two Pictures of Injustice: Rainer Forst and the Aporia of Discursive Deontology.Naveh Frumer - 2018 - Constellations 25 (3):432-445.
    The most promising recent attempt to rethink both Discourse Ethics (especially Rawls and Habermas) and Kantian deontology is found in the work of Rainer Forst. This paper suggests the strength of the latter lies in its shift from a theory of justice to a theory of injustice: from the question of what legitimates claims that seek normative consensus, to claims that argue the normative status quo is problematic. In Forst’s idiom: claims arguing the justifications behind that status quo are (...)
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  46. Illocutionary harm.Henry Ian Schiller - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (5):1631-1646.
    A number of philosophers have become interested in the ways that individuals are subject to harm as the performers of illocutionary acts. This paper offers an account of the underlying structure of such harms: I argue that speakers are the subjects of illocutionary harm when there is interference in the entitlement structure of their linguistic activities. This interference comes in two forms: denial and incapacitation. In cases of denial, a speaker is prevented from achieving the outcomes to which they (...)
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  47. Hard Cases Really Aren't That Important: Reflections on Lisa Belkin's First, Do No Harm Simon & Schuster, New York: Ny, 1993, 270pp., $23.00 (Hardbound) David C. Blake, Ph. D., Jd. [REVIEW]Do No Harm First - 1989 - Hec Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues 5 (6):354 - 36I.
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  48. Emotional Experience in the Computational Belief–Desire Theory of Emotion.Rainer Reisenzein - 2009 - Emotion Review 1 (3):214-222.
    Based on the belief that computational modeling (thinking in terms of representation and computations) can help to clarify controversial issues in emotion theory, this article examines emotional experience from the perspective of the Computational Belief–Desire Theory of Emotion (CBDTE), a computational explication of the belief–desire theory of emotion. It is argued that CBDTE provides plausible answers to central explanatory challenges posed by emotional experience, including: the phenomenal quality,intensity and object-directedness of emotional experience, the function of emotional experience and its relation (...)
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  49.  64
    Mental-Threshold Egalitarianism: How Not to Ground Full Moral Status.Rainer Ebert - 2018 - Social Theory and Practice 44 (1):75-93.
    Mental-threshold egalitarianism, well-known examples of which include Jeff McMahan’s two-tiered account of the wrongness of killing and Tom Regan’s theory of animal rights, divides morally considerable beings into equals and unequals on the basis of their individual mental capacities. In this paper, I argue that the line that separates equals from unequals is unavoidably arbitrary and implausibly associates an insignificant difference in empirical reality with a momentous difference in moral status. In response to these objections, McMahan has proposed the introduction (...)
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  50.  7
    As Escalas, o Hiato E a Circunst'ncia Técnica.Rainer Miranda Brito - 2014 - Filosofia E Educação 6 (3):209-234.
    Há uma descontinuidade entre os enunciados acerca da circunstância técnica e os recursos que a constituem em matéria; mas será esta descontinuidade, este hiato, apreensível sob o vocativo da "técnica"? Talvez não; e talvez por isso seja preciso desviar-se da "técnica". E assim fez Gilbert Simondon; mas não o Simodon das bem conhecidas teses de doutoramento, mas o autor dos técnicos cursos ministrados entre 1960-70 que exibiam estreitos exercícios textuais analítico-descritivos de algumas circunstâncias técnicas específicas. Evidenciam os cursos pós-teses do (...)
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