Results for 'Ralph and Natika Ellis and Newton'

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  1. Ralph D. Ellis and Natika Newton, Eds. Consciousness & Emotion, Vol. 1.J. T. Burman - 2006 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (12):115.
  2.  61
    Three Paradoxes of Phenomenal Consciousness: Bridging the Explanatory Gap.Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton - 1998 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (4):419-42.
    Any physical explanation of consciousness seems to leave unresolved the ‘explanatory gap': Isn't it conceivable that all the elements in that explanation could occur, with the same information processing outcomes as in a conscious process, but in the absence of consciousness? E.g. any digital computational process could occur in the absence of consciousness. To resolve this dilemma, we propose a biological-process-oriented physiological- phenomenological characterization of consciousness that addresses three ‘paradoxical’ qualities seemingly incompatible with the empirical realm: The dual location of (...)
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  3.  45
    The Interdependence of Consciousness and Emotion.Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton - 2000 - Consciousness and Emotion 1 (1):1-10.
  4.  18
    The Caldron of Consciousness: Motivation, Affect, and Self-organization : an Anthology.Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton (eds.) - 2000 - Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    CHAPTER 1 Integrating the Physiological and Phenomenological Dimensions of Affect and Motivation Ralph D. Ellis Clark Atlanta University A neglected but ...
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  5.  81
    Consciousness and Emotion: Agency, Conscious Choice, and Selective Perception.Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton - 2005 - John Benjamins.
    The papers in this volume of Consciousness & Emotion Book Series are organized around the theme of "enaction.
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  6. The Caldron of Consciousness: Motivation, Affect and Self-Organization- An Anthology. Advances in Consciousness Research.Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton (eds.) - 2000 - John Benjamins.
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  7. Luc Faucher and Christine Tappolet.Ralph D. Ellis, Natika Newton & Peter Zachar - 2002 - Consciousness and Emotion 3 (2):105-144.
  8.  12
    Review of Ralph D. Ellis, Natika Newton, How the Mind Uses the Brain (to Move the Body and Image the Universe)[REVIEW]Robert Hanna - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (10).
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  9. The Unity of Consciousness: An Enactivist Approach.Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton - 2005 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 26 (4):225-280.
    The enactivist account of consciousness posits that motivated activation of sensorimotor action imagery anticipates possible action affordances of environmental situations, resulting in representation of the environment with a conscious “feel” associated with the valences motivating the anticipations. This approach makes the mind–body problem and the problem of mental causation easier to resolve, and offers promise for understanding how consciousness results from natural processes. Given a process-oriented understanding of the way many systems in non-conscious nature are “proto-motivated” toward realizing unactualized possibilities, (...)
     
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  10. Irwin Goldstein.Ralph D. Ellis, Natika Newton & Peter Zachar - 2002 - Consciousness and Emotion 3 (1):21-33.
  11. Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton (Ed.), The Cauldron of Consciousness.C. Nunn - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (8):76-77.
  12.  4
    Consciousness and Emotion.Keith Sutherland - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (12):79-82.
    Review of 'Consciousness and Emotion', edited by Ralph D. Ellis and Natika Newton, John Benjamins Publishing Company.
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  13.  38
    Efferent Brain Processes and the Enactive Approach to Consciousness.Ralph D. Ellis - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (4):40-50.
    [opening paragraph]: Nicholas Humphrey argues persuasively that consciousness results from active and efferent rather than passive and afferent functions. These arguments contribute to the mounting recent evidence that consciousness is inseparable from the motivated action planning of creatures that in some sense are organismic and agent-like rather than passively mechanical and reactive in the way that digital computers are. Newton calls this new approach the ‘action theory of understanding'; Varela et al. dubbed it the ‘enactive’ view of consciousness. It (...)
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  14.  18
    Consciousness and the Feeling Body.Julian Kiverstein - 2010 - Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (3):607-616.
    In How the Mind Uses the Brain Ralph Ellis and Natika Newton develop a novel embodied, enactive theory of consciousness, according to which consciousness has its basis in neural systems that prepare the system to perform actions of emotional significance to the organism. Consciousness emerges out of self-organising processes which function in such a way as to contribute to, and maintain, the organism's overall wellbeing. I'll begin this review by reconstructing Ellis and Newton's view (...)
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  15.  13
    Review of How the Mind Uses the Brain (to Move the Body and Image the Universe). [REVIEW]William Meehan - 2011 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 31 (4):258-261.
    Reviews the book, How the Mind Uses the Brain by Ralph D. Ellis and Natika Newton . This book provides an intriquing observation on the assertion that one cause for the muddled state of contemporary human sciences is that consciousness has been largely ignored or avoided by both of the main traditions in the field: naturalism and phenomenology. This book is an important book that deserves careful consideration by any theoretical psychologist interested in dissolving the unfortunate (...)
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  16.  55
    Generating Predictions From a Dynamical Systems Emotion Theory.Ralph D. Ellis - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):202-203.
    Lewis's dynamical systems emotion theory continues a tradition including Merleau-Ponty, von Bertallanfy, and Aristotle. Understandably for a young theory, Lewis's new predictions do not follow strictly from the theory; thus their failure would not disconfirm the theory, nor their success confirm it – especially given that other self-organizational approaches to emotion (e.g., those of Ellis and of Newton) may not be inconsistent with these same predictions.
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  17. Ellis, RED, & Newton, N.(Eds.)(2005). Consciousness and Emotion: Agency, Conscious Choice and Selective Perception.R. Frie - 2007 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 38 (2):296.
  18.  6
    Ellis, Ralph D. (2004). Love and the Abyss: An Essay on Finitude and Value. Chicago, Ill: Open Court Publishing Company, 271 Pp., ISBN 0-8126-9457-0, $25.95 (Paper).Margery E. Capone - 2006 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 37 (1):129.
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  19.  32
    Foundations of Understanding.Natika Newton - 1996 - John Benjamins.
    How can symbols have meaning for a subject? Foundations of Understanding argues that this is the key question to ask about intentionality, or meaningful thought. It thus offers an alternative to currently popular linguistic models of intentionality, whose inadequacies are examined: the goal should be to explain, not how symbols, mental or otherwise, can refer to or mean states of affairs in the external world, but how they can mean something to us, the users. The essence of intentionality is shown (...)
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  20.  26
    Questioning Consciousness: The Interplay of Imagery, Cognition, and Emotion in the Human Brain.Ralph D. Ellis - 1995 - John Benjamins.
    ... Geoffrey Underwood (University of Nottingham) Francisco Varela (CREA, Ecole Polytechnique. Paris) Volume 2 Ralph D. Ellis Questioning Consciousness ...
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  21.  16
    Newton on Matter and Activity.Ralph C. S. Walker & Ernan McMullin - 1980 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (120):249.
  22.  60
    Curious Emotions: Roots of Consciousness and Personality in Motivated Action.Ralph D. Ellis - 2005 - Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    Emotion drives all cognitive processes, largely determining their qualitative feel, their structure, and in part even their content.
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  23.  28
    How the Mind Uses the Brain: To Move the Body and Image the Universe.Ralph D. Ellis - 2010 - Open Court.
    Introduction: Searching for the covert agent of consciousness -- The devil's pact (or, why the hard problem is now so hard) -- Action at the macro level : an agent-based theory of intentionality -- Action imagery and representation of the external world -- Do we need an emergency metaphysician? : action versus reaction at the micro level -- Herding neurons : the causal structure of self-organizing systems -- The paradoxes of phenomenal consciousness -- The self-organizing imagination : addressing the mind-body (...)
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  24.  24
    Experience and Imagery.Natika Newton - 1983 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 21 (4):475-87.
  25.  67
    Emergence and the Uniqueness of Consciousness.Natika Newton - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (9-10):47-59.
    This paper argues that phenomenal consciousness arises from the forced blending of components that are incompatible, or even logically contradictory, when combined by direct methods available to the subject; and that it is, as a result, analytically, ostensively and comparatively indefinable. First, I examine a variety of cases in which unpredictable novelties arise from the forced merging of contradictory elements, or at least elements that are unable in human experience to co-occur. The point is to show that the uniqueness of (...)
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  26.  11
    Experience and Imagery.Natika Newton - 1982 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 20 (4):475-487.
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  27.  22
    Consciousness, Qualia, and Re-Entrant Signaling.Natika Newton - 1991 - Behavior and Philosophy 19 (1):21-41.
    There is a distinction between phenomenal properties and the "phenomenality" of those properties: e.g. between what red is like and what it is like to experience red. To date, reductive accounts explain the former, but not the latter: Nagel is right that they leave something out. This paper attempts a reductive account of what it is like to have a perceptual experience. Four features of such experience are distinguished: the externality, unity, and self-awareness belonging to the content of conscious experience, (...)
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  28.  83
    Fairness and the Etiology of Criminal Behavior.Ralph D. Ellis - 1987 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 13 (2):175-194.
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  29. Natika Newton, Foundations of Understanding. [REVIEW]R. D. Ellis - 1997 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 4 (4):382-384.
     
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  30.  34
    Error in Action and Belief.Natika Newton - 1989 - Philosophia 19 (4):363-401.
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  31.  37
    Machine Understanding and the Chinese Room.Natika Newton - 1989 - Philosophical Psychology 2 (2):207-15.
    John Searle has argued that one can imagine embodying a machine running any computer program without understanding the symbols, and hence that purely computational processes do not yield understanding. The disagreement this argument has generated stems, I hold, from ambiguity in talk of 'understanding'. The concept is analysed as a relation between subjects and symbols having two components: a formal and an intentional. The central question, then becomes whether a machine could possess the intentional component with or without the formal (...)
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  32. Introspection and Perception.Natika Newton - 1988 - Topoi 7 (March):25-30.
    Sydney Shoemaker argues that introspection, unlike perception, provides no identification information about the self, and that knowledge of one''s mental states should be conceived as arising in a direct and unmediated fashion from one''s being in those states. I argue that while one does not identify aself as the subject of one''s states, one does frequently identify and misidentify thestates, in ways analogous to the identification of objects in perception, and that in discourse about one''s mental states the self plays (...)
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  33.  2
    An Ontology of Consciousness.Ralph D. Ellis - 1986 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    The object of this study is to find a coherent theoretical approach to three problems which appear to interrelate in complex ways: (1) What is the ontological status of consciousness? (2) How can there be 'un conscious,' 'prereflective' or 'self-alienated' consciousness? And (3) Is there a 'self' or 'ego' formed by means of the interrelation of more elementary states of consciousness? The motivation for combining such a diversity of difficult questions is that we often learn more by looking at interrelations (...)
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  34.  27
    Machine Understanding and the Chinese Room.Natika Newton - 1988 - Philosophical Psychology 1 (2):207 – 215.
    John Searle has argued that one can imagine embodying a machine running any computer program without understanding the symbols, and hence that purely computational processes do not yield understanding. The disagreement this argument has generated stems, I hold, from ambiguity in talk of 'understanding'. The concept is analysed as a relation between subjects and symbols having two components: a formal and an intentional. The central question, then becomes whether a machine could possess the intentional component with or without the formal (...)
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  35.  23
    The Sensorimotor Theory of Cognition.Natika Newton - 1993 - Pragmatics and Cognition 1 (2):267-305.
    The sensorimotor theory of cognition holds that human cognition, along with that of other animals, is determined by sensorimotor structures rather than by uniquely human linguistic structures. The theory has been offered to explain the use of bodily terminology in nonphysical contexts, and to recognize the role of experienced embodiment in cognition. This paper defends a version of the theory which specifies that reasoning makes use of mental models constructed by means of action-planning mechanisms. Evidence is offered from cognitive psychology, (...)
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  36.  64
    Philosophy, Religion and Love: Ellis on the Fundamental Need for Inspiration.David Chan - 2008 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 15 (2):82-90.
    Ralph Ellis has written about how we have a fundamental need for ‘inspiration’ that can help us come to terms with human finitude. Arguing against the self-deceptive path of religious fundamentalism, Ellis discusses how the experience of a transcendent object of intrinsic value through love enables us to break out of a ‘circle of egocentricity.’ In this paper, I explore the problem of finitude in the movie Stranger Than Fiction, faced by someone who has to make choices (...)
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  37.  16
    Existentialism and the Demonstrability of Ethical Theories.Ralph D. Ellis - 1982 - Journal of Value Inquiry 16 (3):165-175.
  38. The Roles of Imagery and Metaemotion in Deliberate Choice and Moral Psychology.Ralph D. Ellis - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (8-10):140-157.
    Understanding the role of emotion in reasoned, deliberate choice -- particularly moral experience -- requires three components: Meta-emotion, allowing self-generated voluntary imagery and/or narratives that in turn trigger first-order emotions we may not already have, but would like to have for moral or other reasons. Hardwired mammalian altruistic sentiments, necessary but not sufficient for moral motivation. Neuropsychological grounding for what Hume called 'love of truth,' with two important effects in humans: generalization of altruistic feelings beyond natural sympathy for conspecifics; and (...)
     
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  39. Foundations of Understanding, by Ralph Ellis.N. Newton - 1998 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 29 (2):253-258.
     
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  40.  45
    Neuroscience as a Human Science: Integrating Phenomenology and Empiricism in the Study of Action and Consciousness. [REVIEW]Ralph D. Ellis - 2013 - Human Studies 36 (4):491-507.
    This paper considers where contemporary neuroscience leaves us in terms of how human consciousness fits into the material world, and whether consciousness is reducible to merely mechanical physical systems, or on the contrary whether consciousness is a self-organizing system that can in a sense use the brain for its own purposes. The paper discusses how phenomenology can be integrated with new findings about “neural plasticity” to yield new approaches to the mind–body problem and the place of consciousness as a causal (...)
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  41.  46
    Factual Adequacy and Comparative Coherentism in Ethical Theory.Ralph D. Ellis - 1988 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 26 (1):57-81.
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  42.  42
    Toward a Reconciliation of Liberalism and Communitarianism.Ralph D. Ellis - 1991 - Journal of Value Inquiry 25 (1):55-64.
  43.  40
    Inspiration, Sublimation and Speech: A Response to Ralph Ellis.Clayton Crockett - 2008 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 15 (2):62-71.
    Ralph Ellis discusses inspiration in important philosophical and psychological ways, and this response to his essay both appreciates and amplifies his discussion and its conclusions by framing them in terms of sublimation and speech, using insights from the work of Jacques Lacan, Jacques Derrida, and Gilles Deleuze. Inspiration is not derived from another plane of existence, but refers to tbe creation of human meaning and value. Inspiration as a form of sublimation conceives sublimation as a process of substitution (...)
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  44.  16
    Afferent-Efferent Connections and ?Neutrality-Modifications? In Perceptual and Imaginative Consciousness.Ralph D. Ellis - 1990 - Man and World 23 (1):23-33.
  45.  30
    In What Sense is “Rationality” a Criterion for Emotional Self-Awareness?☆.Ralph D. Ellis - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):972-973.
  46. Enactivism and the New Teleology: Reconciling the Warring Camps.Ralph D. Ellis - 2014 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies (2):173-198.
    Enactivism has the potential to provide a sense of teleology in purpose-directed action, but without violating the principles of efficient causation. Action can be distinguished from mere reaction by virtue of the fact that some systems are self-organizing. Self-organization in the brain is reflected in neural plasticity, and also in the primacy of motivational processes that initiate the release of neurotransmitters necessary for mental and conscious functions, and which guide selective attention processes. But in order to flesh out the enactivist (...)
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  47. In Reply [Reply to Commentaries on "How to Solve the Mind-Body Problem"].Nicholas Humphrey - 2000 - Humphrey, Nicholas (2000) in Reply [Reply to Commentaries on "How to Solve the Mind-Body Problem"]. [Journal (Paginated)] 7 (4):98-112.
    Response to commentaries on ‘How to Solve the Mind Body Problem’ by Andy Clark, Daniel Dennett, Naomi Elian, Ralph Ellis, Valerie Gray Hardcastle, Stevan Harnad, Natika Newton, Christian de Quincey, Carol Rovane and Robert van Gulick.
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  48.  17
    Humphreys Solution.Natika Newton - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (4):62-66.
    [opening paragraph]: It is easy to conceptualize a problem in a way that prevents a solution. If the conceptualization is entrenched in one's culture or profession, it may appear unalterable. But there is so much precedent for the discovery of fruitful reconceptualizations that in the case of most philosophical and scientific puzzles it is probably irrational ever to give up trying. The notion of qualia, understood as phenomenal properties of sensations that can exist as objects of experience for a conscious (...)
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  49.  45
    Three Elements of Causation: Biconditionality, Asymmetry, and Experimental Manipulability.Ralph Ellis - 2001 - Philosophia 28 (1-4):103-125.
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  50.  16
    Brian Ellis. Rational Belief Systems. APQ Library of Philosophy. Rowman and Littlefield, Totowa, N.J., 1979, Ix + 118 Pp. [REVIEW]Ralph Kennedy - 1981 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (3):668-670.
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