Results for 'Ralph E. Hoffman'

996 found
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  1.  23
    Feedforward action regulation and the experience of will.Ralph E. Hoffman & Richard E. Kravitz - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):782.
  2.  84
    Verbal hallucinations and language production processes in schizophrenia.Ralph E. Hoffman - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (3):503-517.
    How is it that many schizophrenics identify certain instances of verbal imagery as hallucinatory? Most investigators have assumed that alterations in sensory features of imagery explain this. This approach, however, has not yielded a definitive picture of the nature of verbal hallucinations. An alternative perspective suggests itself if one allows the possibility that the nonself quality of hallucinations is inferred on the basis of the experience of unintendedness that accompanies imagery production. Information-processing models of “intentional” cognitive processes call for abstract (...)
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  3.  33
    NMDA-receptor hypofunction versus excessive synaptic elimination as models of schizophrenia.Ralph E. Hoffman & Thomas H. McGlashan - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):92-92.
    We propose that the primary cause of schizophrenia is a pathological extension of synaptic pruning involving local connectivity that unfolds ordinarily during adolescence. Computer simulations suggest that this pathology provides reasonable accounts of a range of symptoms in schizophrenia, and is consistent with recent postmortem and genetic studies. NMDA-receptors play a regulatory role in maintaining and/or eliminating cortical synapses, and therefore may play a pathophysiological role.
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  4.  23
    Cognitive models of verbal hallucinations in schizophrenia.Ralph E. Hoffman - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (3):534-537.
  5.  12
    Additional tests of Amit's attractor neural networks.Ralph E. Hoffman - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (4):634-635.
    Further tests of Amit's model are indicated. One strategy is to use the apparent coding sparseness of the model to make predictions about coding sparseness in Miyashita's network. A second approach is to use memory overload to induce false positive responses in modules and biological systems. In closing, the importance of temporal coding and timing requirements in developing biologically plausible attractor networks is mentioned.
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  6.  13
    The mechanism of positive symptoms in schizophrenia.Ralph E. Hoffman - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):33-34.
  7.  48
    Cortico – (thalamo) – cortical interactions, gamma resonance, and auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia.Ralph E. Hoffman, Daniel H. Mathalon, Judith M. Ford & John H. Krystal - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):797-798.
    Transcranial magnetic stimulation, EEG, and behavioral studies by our group implicate spurious activation of speech perception neurocircuitry in the genesis of auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia. The neurobiological basis of these abnormalities remains uncertain, however. We review our ongoing studies, which suggest that altered cortical coupling underlies speech processing in schizophrenia and is expressed via disrupted gamma resonances and impaired corollary discharge function of self-generated verbal thought.
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  8.  9
    Studies of synaptic elimination identify an intersection of neurocomputational and neurodevelopmental perspectives.Ralph E. Hoffman - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):543-544.
    In order to reach a better understanding of brain function, conceptual synergies linking empirical neurobiological studies and neurocomputational studies should be pursued. I describe an example of a potential synergy based on studies of neural network pruning. Simulations demonstrate that selective elimination of connections enhances the computational capacity of networks capable of temporal processing. These findings may shed light on the functional significance of postnatal neuro-developmental pruning of cortical connections that occurs in mammals.
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  9.  76
    Auditory hallucinations, network connectivity, and schizophrenia.Ralph E. Hoffman, Maxine Varanko, Thomas H. McGlashan & Michelle Hampson - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):860-861.
    Multidisciplinary studies indicate that auditory hallucinations may arise from speech perception neurocircuitry without disrupted theory of mind capacities. Computer simulations of excessive pruning in speech perception neural networks provide a model for these hallucinations and demonstrate that connectivity reductions just below a “psychotogenic threshold” enhance information processing. These data suggest a process whereby vulnerability to schizophrenia is maintained in the human population despite reproductive disadvantages of this illness.
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  10.  31
    What can schizophrenic “voices” tell us?Ralph E. Hoffman - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (3):535-548.
  11.  13
    Commentary on Ralph E. Hoffman (19S6) Verbal hallucinations and language production processes in schizophrenia. BBS 9: 503-548. [REVIEW]N. P. Spanos & J. Katsanis - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10:3.
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  12.  17
    The mediating effect of reflective-analytic cognitive style on rational thought.Ralph E. Viator, Nancy L. Harp, Shannon B. Rinaldo & Blair B. Marquardt - 2020 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (3):381-413.
    An underlying assumption of default-interventionist dual-process theory (DI-DPT) of reasoning is that humans tend to act as cognitive misers. Although miserly cognitive processing occurs when indiv...
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  13.  80
    Dreaming of white bears: The return of the suppressed at sleep onset.Ralph E. Schmidt & Guido H. E. Gendolla - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):714-724.
    The present study examined the effects of thought suppression on sleep-onset mentation. It was hypothesized that the decrease of attentional control in the transition to sleep would lead to a rebound of a suppressed thought in hypnagogic mentation. Twenty-four young adults spent two consecutive nights in a sleep laboratory. Half of the participants were instructed to suppress a target thought, whereas the other half freely thought of anything at all. To assess target thought frequency, three different measures were used in (...)
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  14.  15
    Too Imperfect to Fall Asleep: Perfectionism, Pre-sleep Counterfactual Processing, and Insomnia.Ralph E. Schmidt, Delphine S. Courvoisier, Stéphane Cullati, Rainer Kraehenmann & Martial Van der Linden - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  15. Concerning identity.Ralph E. Stedman - 1932 - Mind 41 (162):276.
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  16. Politics, public choice and ethical progress.Ralph E. Miner - 1994 - In Alan Lewis & Karl Erik Wärneryd (eds.), Ethics and economic affairs. New York: Routledge. pp. 335.
     
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  17.  26
    Waking World. By Olaf Stapledon . (London: Methuen & Co., Ltd. 1934. Pp. viii + 280. Price 7s. 6d.).Ralph E. Stedman - 1935 - Philosophy 10 (40):479-.
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  18.  23
    Oberland Dialogues. By Douglas Fawcett. (London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd. 1939. Pp. xxv + 396. Price 18s. net.).Ralph E. Stedman - 1941 - Philosophy 16 (61):88-.
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  19.  31
    Mr. Stace's "refutation of realism".Ralph E. Stedman & H. B. Acton - 1934 - Mind 43 (171):349-353.
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  20.  36
    Towards a post-Freudian theory of repression: Reflections on the role of inhibitory functions.Ralph E. Schmidt & Martial Van der Linden - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):530-531.
    Although Freud's merits may be readily acknowledged in the year of his 150th birthday, recent findings on repression-related phenomena cannot be accommodated by his classic conception, on which Erdelyi's theory is built. This point is illustrated by discussing the role of inhibitory processes. The unified theory of repression should be elaborated to generate falsifiable predictions on the reported phenomena.
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  21.  5
    No Title available.Ralph E. Stedman - 1936 - Philosophy 11 (41):97-97.
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  22.  9
    A Basis of Opinion. By Adrian Coates M.A. (London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd. 1938. Pp. xvii + 461. Price, 16s. net.).Ralph E. Stedman - 1939 - Philosophy 14 (54):228-.
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  23.  12
    Four Ways of Philosophy. By Irwin Edman . (London: Constable & Company, Ltd. 1939. Pp. viii + 331. Price 12s. net.).Ralph E. Stedman - 1940 - Philosophy 15 (58):213-.
  24. A Model for Alternative Financing of American Schools.Ralph E. Aldridge - 1975 - Journal of Thought 75.
     
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  25.  28
    Judgment times of different psychophysical categories.S. W. Fernberger, E. Glass, I. Hoffman & M. Willig - 1934 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 17 (2):286.
  26.  18
    The fate of to-be-forgotten sentences in semantic positive forgetting.Ralph E. Geiselman & Jonathan P. Riehle - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (1):19-21.
  27.  36
    Perception, Representation, and Reference: Some Thoughts on an Essential Structure.Ralph E. Kenyon - 1987 - Dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
    The terms 'reference', 'representation', and 'perception', have not been univocally used. This thesis provides a new theory which explains reference, representation and perception by showing that each has primary and derived forms, related more-or-less recursively. -/- The primary forms are located in a simple model which is based on the structure of a computer. The structure presented is a 'minimal' model, that is, the smallest structure in which the simplest kinds of reference, representation, and perception occur. -/- An analogical relation (...)
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  28.  37
    Wilhelm Roepke's Humane Economy.Ralph E. Ancil - 1994 - The Chesterton Review 20 (2/3):247-261.
  29. Bosanquet's Account of Religion.Ralph E. Stedman - 1930 - Hibbert Journal 29:465.
     
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  30.  28
    Critical notices.Ralph E. Stedman - 1937 - Mind 46 (184):516-521.
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  31.  16
    Symbolic Deep Networks: A Psychologically Inspired Lightweight and Efficient Approach to Deep Learning.Vladislav D. Veksler, Blaine E. Hoffman & Norbou Buchler - 2022 - Topics in Cognitive Science 14 (4):702-717.
    The last two decades have produced unprecedented successes in the fields of artificial intelligence and machine learning (ML), due almost entirely to advances in deep neural networks (DNNs). Deep hierarchical memory networks are not a novel concept in cognitive science and can be traced back more than a half century to Simon's early work on discrimination nets for simulating human expertise. The major difference between DNNs and the deep memory nets meant for explaining human cognition is that the latter are (...)
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  32.  16
    Sources and sinks of clay minerals on Mars.Ralph E. Milliken & David L. Bish - 2010 - Philosophical Magazine 90 (17-18):2293-2308.
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  33. Circadian Rhythms.Ralph E. Mistlberger - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
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  34. The Ethics of William Wollaston.Ralph E. Stedman - 1935 - The Nineteenth Century and After 118 (702):217-225.
  35.  29
    God and the Astronomers. By William Ralph Inge, K.C.V.O., D.D., F.B.A.(The Warburton Lectures, 1931–1933. London: Longmans, Green & Co. 1933). [REVIEW]Ralph E. Stedman - 1934 - Philosophy 9 (33):96-.
    Dictionary entry discussing the main moral and meta-ethical doctrines found in the works of James Griffin.
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  36.  12
    The Civilization of the Renaissance in ItalyJacob Burckhardt S. G. C. Middlemore.Ralph E. Giesey - 1959 - Isis 50 (1):75-76.
  37. The Monarchomach Triumvirs: Hotman, Beza and Mornay,'.E. Giesey Ralph - 1970 - Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance 32:42.
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  38.  22
    Philosophy for our Times. By C. E. M. Joad M.A., D.Litt. (London: Thomas Nelson & Sons, Ltd. 1940. Pp. vi + 367. Price 7s. 6d. net.). [REVIEW]Ralph E. Stedman - 1940 - Philosophy 15 (59):332-.
  39.  23
    Scientific Theory and Religion. By E. W. Barnes, Sc.D., D.D., LL.D., F.R.S. (The Gifford Lectures at Aberdeen, 1927–1929.) (London: Cambridge University Press, 1933. Pp. xxiv + 685. Price 25s.). [REVIEW]Ralph E. Stedman - 1933 - Philosophy 8 (32):475-.
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  40.  10
    The Modern Mind. By Michael Roberts . (London: Faber & Faber, Ltd. 1937. Pp. 284. Price 8s. 6d. net.).Ralph E. Stedman - 1939 - Philosophy 14 (54):238-.
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  41.  5
    Turning Ideas into Products.Ralph E. Gomory - 1988 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 8 (1):31-34.
    It is the speed of the development and manufacturing cycle that appears as technical innovation or leadership.
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  42.  5
    The concrete God.Ralph E. James - 1967 - Indianapolis,: Bobbs-Merrill.
    This is a theological adventure based on the thought of Charles Hartshorne. Its appearance at this time represents an attempt to begin anew in theology on the assumption that the abstract God of classical thinking is dead. Hartshorne's philosophy advances a God of concrete and changing reality, as opposed to the abstract, immutable and "dead" God image of the radical theologians. The author argues that the "Death of God" theology is no more than a recognition that Christian incarnation is impossible (...)
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  43.  20
    Toward a Dimensional Realism. By Charles M. Perry. (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. 1939. Pp. ix + 180. Price $2.50.). [REVIEW]Ralph E. Stedman - 1940 - Philosophy 15 (57):103-.
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  44.  14
    In Praise of Comedy: A Study in its Theory and Practice. By James Feibleman. (London: George Allen & Unwin, Ltd. 1939. Pp. 284. Price 10s. 6d. net.). [REVIEW]Ralph E. Stedman - 1941 - Philosophy 16 (61):102-.
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  45.  10
    Science and God. By Bernhard Bavink. Translated by H. Stafford HATFIELD. (London: G. Bell & Sons. 1933. Pp. ix + 174. Price 5s.). [REVIEW]Ralph E. Stedman - 1934 - Philosophy 9 (34):237-.
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  46.  22
    The Balfour Lectures on Realism. By A. Seth Pringle-Pattison, LL.D., D.C.L., F.B.A. (Edited, with a Memoir of the Author, by G. F. Barbour, D.Phil.) (Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood & Sons, Ltd., 1933. Pp. x + 258. Price 7s. 6d.). [REVIEW]Ralph E. Stedman - 1934 - Philosophy 9 (34):222-.
  47.  2
    Everyday Greek-Greek Words in English, Including Scientific Terms.C. W. E. Miller & Horace Addison Hoffman - 1919 - American Journal of Philology 40 (4):434.
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  48.  6
    The Philosophical Approach to Religion. By Eric S. Waterhouse, M.A., D.D. (The Fernley-Hartley Lecture, 1933.) (London: The Epworth Press. 1933. Pp. 231. Price 5s.). [REVIEW]Ralph E. Stedman - 1933 - Philosophy 8 (32):489-.
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  49.  9
    Growth of the Mind in Relation to Culture. By C. Lambek. (London: Williams & Norgate, Ltd.Copenhagen: Levin & Munksgaard. 1936. Pp. 143. Price Kr. 6.50.). [REVIEW]Ralph E. Stedman - 1937 - Philosophy 12 (47):357-.
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  50.  18
    On the Nature and Grounds of Religious Belief. By J. L. Stocks. (Riddell Memorial Lectures in the University of Durham.) (London: Oxford University Press. 1934. Pp. 47. Price 2s. 6d.). [REVIEW]Ralph E. Stedman - 1934 - Philosophy 9 (36):495-.
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