Results for 'Ralph Lyndal Worrall'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Energy and Matter.Ralph Lyndal Worrall - 1948 - New York: Staples Press.
  2. The Outlook of Science.Ralph Lyndal Worrall - 1946 - London [Etc.]Staples Press Limited, John Bale Medical Publications.
  3. Adhocness and Content-Increase: Is There Life After Grünbaum? John Worrall.John Worrall - manuscript
    Most of us believe that theory-change in science has been a rationally analysable process. We believe, that is, that when one theory, Newton’s for example, is replaced as the accepted theory in science by a rival, Einstein’s in the same example, it is because the newer theory turns out to be better than the old in some objective sense and a sense, moreover, crucially related to the experimental evidence. Even those who have abjectly surrendered (at any rate on Mondays, Wednesdays (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  2
    Miracles and Models: Why Reports of the Death of Structural Realism May Be Exaggerated: John Worrall.John Worrall - 2007 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 82 (61):125-154.
    What is it reasonable to believe about our most successful scientific theories such as the general theory of relativity or quantum mechanics? That they are true, or at any rate approximately true? Or only that they successfully ‘save the phenomena’, by being ‘empirically adequate’? In earlier work I explored the attractions of a view called Structural Scientific Realism. This holds that it is reasonable to believe that our successful theories are structurally correct. In the first part of this paper I (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5.  2
    ‘Revolution in Permanence’: Popper on Theory-Change in Science: John Worrall.John Worrall - 1995 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 39:75-102.
    Science, and in particular the process of theory-change in science, formed the major inspiration for Karl Popper's whole philosophy. Popper learned about the success of Einstein's revolutionary new theory in 1919, and Einstein ‘became a dominant influence on my thinking—in the long run perhaps the most important influence of all.’ Popper explained why: In May, 1919, Einstein's eclipse predictions were successfully tested by two British expeditions. With these tests a new theory of gravitation and a new cosmology suddenly appeared, not (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Mathematics, Science, and Epistemology. Edited by John Worrall and Gregory Currie. --.Imre Lakatos, Gregory Currie & John Worrall - 1978 - Cambridge University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. II–John Worrall.John Worrall - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):207-235.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. Miracles, Pessimism and Scientific Realism.John Worrall - unknown
    Worrall argued that structural realism provides a ‘synthesis’ of the main pro-realist argument – the ‘No Miracles Argument’, and the main anti-realist argument – the ‘Pessimistic Induction’. More recently, however, it has been claimed that each of these arguments is an instance of the same probabilistic fallacy – sometimes called the ‘base-rate fallacy’. If correct, this clearly seems to undermine structural realism and Magnus and Callender have indeed claimed that both arguments are fallacious and ‘without [them] we lose the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  9. Does Science Discredit Religion?John Worrall - manuscript
    JOHN WORRALL (ABOUT TO APPEAR –W ITH REPLY BY DEL RATZCH – IN PETERSON AND VANARRAGON (EDS) CONTEMPORARY DEBATES IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION. BLACKWELL) We get the ages of rock, and they get the rock of ages; we work out how the heavens go and they work out how to get to heaven.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  22
    Homeopathy and Evidence-Based Policy.John Worrall - unknown
    With the UK government considering a ban on the prescription of homeopathic remedies on the NHS, John Worrall examines the rationale for such a proposal and suggests that the decision is not as simple as it might initially seem.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. Tracking Track Records.Peter Lipton & John Worrall - 2000 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 74:179-235.
    [Peter Lipton] From a reliabilist point of view, our inferential practices make us into instruments for determining the truth value of hypotheses where, like all instruments, reliability is a central virtue. I apply this perspective to second-order inductions, the inductive assessments of inductive practices. Such assessments are extremely common, for example whenever we test the reliability of our instruments or our informants. Nevertheless, the inductive assessment of induction has had a bad name ever since David Hume maintained that any attempt (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  12. Tracking Track Records.Peter Lipton & John Worrall - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74:179-235.
    From a reliabilist point of view, our inferential practices make us into instruments for determining the truth value of hypotheses where, like all instruments, reliability is a central virtue. I apply this perspective to second-order inductions, the inductive assessments of inductive practices. Such assessments are extremely common, for example whenever we test the reliability of our instruments or our informants. Nevertheless, the inductive assessment of induction has had a bad name ever since David Hume maintained that any attempt to justify (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  13.  10
    Tracking Track Records.John Worrall - 2000 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 74 (1):207-35.
    [Peter Lipton] From a reliabilist point of view, our inferential practices make us into instruments for determining the truth value of hypotheses where, like all instruments, reliability is a central virtue. I apply this perspective to second-order inductions, the inductive assessments of inductive practices. Such assessments are extremely common, for example whenever we test the reliability of our instruments or our informants. Nevertheless, the inductive assessment of induction has had a bad name ever since David Hume maintained that any attempt (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  14.  16
    Tracking Track Records, II.John Worrall - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):207–235.
    [Peter Lipton] From a reliabilist point of view, our inferential practices make us into instruments for determining the truth value of hypotheses where, like all instruments, reliability is a central virtue. I apply this perspective to second-order inductions, the inductive assessments of inductive practices. Such assessments are extremely common, for example whenever we test the reliability of our instruments or our informants. Nevertheless, the inductive assessment of induction has had a bad name ever since David Hume maintained that any attempt (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  1
    The Real Struggle in South Africa: An Insider's View.Denis Worrall - 1988 - Ethics and International Affairs 2 (1):115–137.
    Denis Worrall draws on 20th century South African history and his own experience as a South African to show some of the less obvious but extremely important facets of apartheid that directly impact its dissemination.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16. What Evidence in Evidence-Based Medicine?John Worrall - 2002 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S316-S330.
    Evidence-Based Medicine is a relatively new movement that seeks to put clinical med- icine on a firmer scientific footing. I take it as uncontroversial that medical practice should be based on best evidence-the interesting questions concern the details. This paper tries to move towards a coherent and unified account of best evidence in medicine, by exploring in particular the EBM position on RCTs (randomized controlled trials).
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   41 citations  
  17. Why There's No Cause to Randomize.John Worrall - 2007 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (3):451-488.
    The evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) is widely regarded as supplying the ‘gold standard’ in medicine—we may sometimes have to settle for other forms of evidence, but this is always epistemically second-best. But how well justified is the epistemic claim about the superiority of RCTs? This paper adds to my earlier (predominantly negative) analyses of the claims produced in favour of the idea that randomization plays a uniquely privileged epistemic role, by closely inspecting three related arguments from leading contributors (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   22 citations  
  18.  85
    Evidence in Medicine and Evidence-Based Medicine.John Worrall - 2007 - Philosophy Compass 2 (6):981–1022.
  19.  53
    The Value of a Fixed Methodology. [REVIEW]John Worrall - 1988 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (2):263-275.
  20. Fix It and Be Damned: A Reply to Laudan.John Worrall - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (3):376-388.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  21.  24
    The Scope, Limits, and Distinctiveness of the Method of 'Deduction From the Phenomena': Some Lessons From Newton's 'Demonstrations' in Optics.J. Worrall - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (1):45-80.
    Having been neglected or maligned for most of this century, Newton's method of 'deduction from the phenomena' has recently attracted renewed attention and support. John Norton, for example, has argued that this method has been applied with notable success in a variety of cases in the history of physics and that this explains why the massive underdetermination of theory by evidence, seemingly entailed by hypothetico-deductive methods, is invisible to working physicists. This paper, through a detailed analysis of Newton's deduction of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  22.  72
    An Unreal Image. [REVIEW]John Worrall - 1984 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (1):65-80.
  23.  73
    Scientific Realism and Scientific Change.John Worrall - 1982 - Philosophical Quarterly 32 (128):201-231.
    The topic of the paper is the "realism-Instrumentalism" debate concerning the status of scientific theories. Popper's contributions to this debate are critically examined. In the first part his arguments against instrumentalism are considered; it is claimed that none strikes home against better versions of the doctrine (specifically those developed by duhem and poincare). In the second part, Various arguments against realism propounded by duhem and/or poincare (and much discussed by more recent philosophers) are evaluated. These are the arguments from the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  24.  18
    Broken Bootstraps. [REVIEW]John Worrall - 1982 - Erkenntnis 18 (1):105 - 130.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  25.  4
    Review. [REVIEW]John Worrall - 1995 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (4):279-295.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  26. Prediction and the Periodic Table.R. E. & J. Worrall - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 32 (3):407-452.
    The debate about the relative epistemic weights carried in favour of a theory by predictions of new phenomena as opposed to accommodations of already known phenomena has a long history. We readdress the issue through a detailed re-examination of a particular historical case that has often been discussed in connection with it-that of Mendeleev and the prediction by his periodic law of the three 'new' elements, gallium, scandium and germanium. We find little support for the standard story that these predictive (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  31
    Obituary. John Watkins (1924-1999).J. Worrall - 1999 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (4):787-789.
  28.  13
    Review. [REVIEW]John Worrall - 1978 - Erkenntnis 13 (1):279 - 295.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29.  10
    The Contemporary State of Philosophy of Science in Britain.Colin Howson & John Worrall - 1974 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 5 (2):363-374.
    Some of the problem areas in which British philosophers of science have recently been engaged are described and some of the major contributions noted. Two sets of problems are given special attention: one concerned with the analysis of probability statements and one concerned with the appraisal of scientific theories. Three traditions in the approach to this second set of problems are distinguished. These might be called the Carnapian, the Popperian and the Wittgensteinian traditions.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  3
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]John Worrall - 1994 - Mind 103 (410):672-.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31.  8
    Nachruf Auf Imre Lakatos.John Worrall - 1974 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 5 (2):i-217.
  32.  6
    A Bridge Over Troubled Cultures. The Impact of Philosophy of Science in Britain.John Worrall - unknown
    Who are the major figures that have shaped philosophy of science in Britain? What impact has the subject had in Britain outside academic philosophy? How have two of the major centers of the subject - in Pittsburgh and in London - interacted over the years? I begin by looking briefly at the recent history of philosophy of science in Britain and its general impact (tying this in with its interaction with the Pittsburgh Center and Pittsburgh people. It seems to me, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  3
    Reviews. [REVIEW]John Worrall - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (1):81-85.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34.  27
    Ralph Burhoe: Reconsidering the Man and His Vision of Yoking Religion and Science.Philip Hefner - 2014 - Zygon 49 (3):629-641.
    Ralph Wendell Burhoe was a leading figure in relating religion and science in the second half of the twentieth century. His autodidactic style and character as a public intellectual resulted in a vision that is comprehensive in its concern for the salvation of society. He does not fit easily into academic frameworks, even though he has been influential upon scholars who work in academia. This article discusses some conundrums posed by his work. There are also brief presentations of the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  35. The Many Streams in Ralph Pred’s Onflow: A Review Essay.Anderson Weekes - 2006 - Chromatikon II. Annuaire de la Philosophie En Procès - Yearbook of Philosophy in Process 2:229-246.
    This study of Ralph Pred’s Onflow (MIT Press, 2005) expands on Pred’s arguments and raises doubts about the viability of phenomenology. Showing that Pred’s method is indeed phenomenological, I validate his interpretations of William James as phenomenologist and his critique of John Searle in light of James, which documents the extent to which the role of habit in the constitution of experience is neglected by philosophers. In explaining habit, however, Pred himself reverts to non-phenomenological models drawn from James’ postulate (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  9
    A Concept Divided: Ralph Johnson's Definition of Argument. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Tindale - 2002 - Argumentation 16 (3):299-309.
    Ralph Johnson's Manifest Rationality (2000) is a major contribution to the field of informal logic, but the concept of argument that is central to its project suffers from a tension between the components that comprise it. This paper explores and addresses that tension by examining the implications of each of five aspects of the definition of ‘argument’.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  37.  29
    Ralph Waldo Emerson.Russell Goodman - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    An American essayist, poet, and popular philosopher, Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–82) began his career as a Unitarian minister in Boston, but achieved worldwide fame as a lecturer and the author of such essays as “Self-Reliance,” “History,” “The Over-Soul,” and “Fate.” Drawing on English and German Romanticism, Neoplatonism, Kantianism, and Hinduism, Emerson developed a metaphysics of process, an epistemology of moods, and an “existentialist” ethics of self-improvement. He influenced generations of Americans, from his friend Henry David Thoreau to John Dewey, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  18
    Ralph Cudworth's The True Intellectual System of the Universe and the Presocratic Philosophers.Catherine Osborne - 2011 - In Oliver Primavesi & Katharina Luchner (eds.), The Presocratics from the Latin Middle Ages to Hermann Diels. Steiner Verlag.
    Ralph Cudworth (1617-88) was one of the Cambridge Platonists. His major work, The True Intellectual System of the Universe, was completed in 1671, a year after Spinoza published (anonymously) the Tractatus Logico-philosophicus. It was published a few years later, in 1678. Cudworth offers a spirited attack against the materialism and mechanism of Thomas Hobbes. His work is couched as a search for truth among the ancient philosophers, and this paper examines his use of the Presocratics as a tool for (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. The Forest of Yggdrasill the Autobiography of Ralph Tyler Flewelling.Ralph Tyler Flewelling - 1962 - University of Southern California Press.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  34
    Symbioses Can Transcend Particularisms: A Memoir of Friendship with Ralph Wendell Burhoe.Robert B. Glassman - 1998 - Zygon 33 (4):661-683.
  41.  13
    Ralph Wedgwood, The Nature of Normativity. [REVIEW]Katri Käsper - 2008 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 1 (1):118-121.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  4
    The "Autonomy Thesis" and the "Pragmatic Turn?": A Response to Ralph Lindgren.Bernard S. Jackson - 1990 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 3 (3):303-308.
    This is a response to Lindgren’s article in the same issue (“The Consequences of a Pragmatic Turn for Semiotics”, at 293-301), on the nature of Greimas’ claims to the autonomy of semantics (with comparison to Searle on literal meaning) and to the “universality” of narrativity as underlying all meaning.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  6
    Ralph Cudworth.Author unknown - 2001 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  39
    Acknowledging Ralph Pred.Weekes Anderson - forthcoming - In Jakub Dziadkowiec & Lukasz Lamza (eds.), Beyond Whitehead: Recent Advances in Process Thought. Lanham: Lexington Books. pp. 97–114.
    At the time of his death in May of 2012, Ralph Pred was working on a critical social theory inspired by process philosophy. In the book manuscript he left unfinished, Syntax and Solidarity, he develops a “radically empirical” sociology that enables him to identify and critically evaluate the different forms that social solidarity has taken in the history of civilization. The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to the importance of his unfinished project. The executors of Pred’s (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. Ralph Cudworth.J. A. Passmore - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    Originally published in 1951, this concise book presents an engaging study of the works and influence of the renowned English philosopher Ralph Cudworth, the leader of the Cambridge Platonists. A bibliography of writings by and about Cudworth is also included, together with an appendix section on his manuscripts. The text was an early work by Australian philosopher and historian of ideas John Passmore. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in Cudworth, the Cambridge Platonists and (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  46.  42
    Use-Novel Predictions and Mendeleev’s Periodic Table: Response to Scerri and Worrall.Samuel Schindler - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (2):265-269.
    In this paper I comment on a recent paper by [Scerri, E., & Worrall, J. . Prediction and the periodic table. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 32, 407–452.] about the role temporally novel and use-novel predictions played in the acceptance of Mendeleev’s periodic table after the proposal of the latter in 1869. Scerri and Worrall allege that whereas temporally novel predictions—despite Brush’s earlier claim to the contrary—did not carry any special epistemic weight, use-novel predictions did indeed (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  47.  48
    Ralph Strode's Obligationes: The Return of Consistency and the Epistemic Turn.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2006 - Vivarium 44 (s 2-3):338-374.
    In what follows, I analyze Ralph Strode's treatise on obligations. I have used a hitherto unpublished edition of the text (based on 14 manuscripts) made by Prof. E.J. Ashworth. I first give a brief description of Strode's text, which is all the more necessary given that it is not available to the average reader; I also offer a reconstruction of the rules proposed by Strode, following the style of reconstruction used in my analysis of Burley's and Swyneshed's rules elsewhere—that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  48.  89
    Normative Naturalism and the Challenge of Relativism: Laudan Versus Worrall on the Justification of Methodological Principles.Howard Sankey - 1996 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 10 (1):37 – 51.
    In a recent exchange, John Worrall and Larry Laudan have debated the merits of the model of rational scientific change proposed by Laudan in his book Science and Values. On the model advocated by Laudan, rational change may take place at the level of scientific theory and methodology, as well as at the level of the epistemic aims of science. Moreover, the rationality of a change which occurs at any one of these three levels may be dependent on considerations (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  49.  44
    Prediction and the Periodic Table: A Response to Scerri and Worrall[REVIEW]F. Michael Akeroyd - 2003 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 34 (2):337-355.
    In a lengthy article E. Scerri and J. Worrall (2001) put forward the case for a novel ‘accommodationist’ version of the events surrounding the development of Mendeleef's Periodic Table 1869–1899. However these authors lay undue stress on the fact that President of the Royal Society of London Spottiswoode made absolutely no mention of Mendeleef's famous predictions in the Davy Medal eulogy in 1883 and undue stress on the fact that Cleve's classic 1879 Scandium paper contained an acknowledgement of Mendeleef's (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  50.  20
    Ralph Cudworth and the Theological Origins of Consciousness.Benjamin Carter - 2010 - History of the Human Sciences 23 (3):29-47.
    The English Neoplatonic philosopher Ralph Cudworth introduced the term ‘consciousness’ into the English philosophical lexicon. Cudworth uses the term to define the form and structure of cognitive acts, including acts of freewill. In this article I highlight the important role of theological disputes over the place and extent of human freewill within an overarching system of providence. Cudworth’s intellectual development can be understood in the main as an increasingly detailed and nuanced reaction to the strict voluntarist Calvinism that is (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 1000