Results for 'Randall Whitaker'

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  1.  29
    Channeling Knowledge: Expert Systems as Communications Media. [REVIEW]Randall Whitaker & Olov Östberg - 1988 - AI and Society 2 (3):197-208.
    Expert Systems (ES) are as yet imperfectly defined. Their two consistently cited characteristics are domain knowledge and expert-level performance. We propose that current structural definitions are inadequate and suggest a view of ES as communication channels. We proceed to explore the factors influencing applicability of ES technology to an enterprise and the impacts that could be expected. A consequence of this view is the idea of incremental information loss on the path from the expert to the ES user. Strategies for (...)
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  2.  25
    Exploring and Employing Autopoietic Theory: Issues and Tips.Randall D. Whitaker - unknown
    The referential focus of this paper is not a hypothesis or theoretical point per se. Instead, it is the body of work (hereafter termed autopoietic theory) developed by Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela. The intended audience is not a community of critical scholars per se. Instead it is the "community of interest" for whom autopoietic theory is at least an object of interest and at most an object of personal commitment. To the extent autopoietic theory has prospered and spread over (...)
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  3.  20
    Is There a Hole in Your Parentheses, or Are You Wholly Parenthetical?Randall D. Whitaker - unknown
    The title of this paper represents a "trick question" of the sort an interlocutor might employ to solicit an answer which, if framed with specific regard to the question's implicatures, cannot fail to confirm that interlocutor's position or further his aims. The best-known query of this form is the cliched "Do you still beat your spouse?" To escape being trapped, the respondent must either (a) avoid answering or (b) point out and refute the implication(s) embedded in the question itself. In (...)
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  4.  60
    Self Organization, Autopoiesis, and Enterprises.Randall Whitaker - unknown
    'Self organization' is a popular theme in current studies of human social activity, enterprises, and information technology (IT). This document introduces one well developed theory of self organization (autopoietic theory) and discusses its application to enterprises and their management.
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  5.  73
    Aristotle’s de Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic.C. W. A. Whitaker - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
    De Interpretatione is among Aristotle's most influential and widely read writings; C. W. A. Whitaker presents the first systematic study of this work, and offers a radical new view of its aims, its structure, and its place in Aristotle's system. He shows that De Interpretatione is not a disjointed essay on ill-connected subjects, as traditionally thought, but a highly organized and systematic treatise on logic, argument, and dialectic.
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  6.  38
    The Sociology of Philosophies: A Global Theory of Intellectual Change.Randall Collins - 1998 - Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
    Through network diagrams and sustained narrative, sociologist Randall Collins traces the development of philosophical thought from ancient Greece to modern ...
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  7.  76
    Artifacts, Art Works, and Agency.Randall R. Dipert - 1993 - Temple University Press.
    This is the first philosophical study of artifacts that is book length. In it Randall Dipert develops a theory of what artifacts are and applies it extensively to one of the most complex and intriguing kind of artifacts, art works. He presents his own account of what agents, intentions, and actions are, then uses these notions to clarify what it is for an agent to "make" something. From this starting point, he develops a full theory of artifacts and other (...)
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  8. Dynamical Approaches to Cognitive Science.Randall D. Beer - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (3):91-99.
  9.  3
    Christian Faith: Dogmatics in Outline by B. A. Gerrish Randall C. Zachman. [REVIEW]Randall C. Zachman - 2016 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 70 (4):487-489.
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  10.  61
    A Dynamical Systems Perspective on Agent-Environment Interaction.Randall D. Beer - 1995 - Artificial Intelligence 72 (1-2):173-215.
  11.  30
    Working Memory, Short-Term Memory, and General Fluid Intelligence: A Latent-Variable Approach.Randall W. Engle, Stephen W. Tuholski, James E. Laughlin & Andrew R. A. Conway - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (3):309.
  12.  2
    A Companion to the Philosophy of Education.Randall Curren (ed.) - 2003 - Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
    _A Companion to the Philosophy of Education_ is a comprehensive guide to philosophical thinking about education. Offers a state-of-the-art account of current and controversial issues in education, including issues pertaining to multiculturalism, special education, sex education, and academic freedom. Written by an international team of leading experts, who are directly engaged with these profound and complex educational problems. Serves as an indispensable guide to the field of philosophy of education.
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  13.  7
    Nietzsche's Genealogy: Nihilism and the Will to Knowledge.Randall Havas - 2020 - Cornell University Press.
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  14. Why Character Education?Randall Curren - 2017 - Impact 2017 (24):1-44.
    Character education in schools has been high on the UK political agenda for the last few years. The government has invested millions in grants to support character education projects and declared its intention to make Britain a global leader in teaching character and resilience. But the policy has many critics: some question whether schools should be involved in the formation of character at all; others worry that the traits schools are being asked to cultivate are excessively competitive or military. In (...)
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  15.  13
    Violence: A Micro-Sociological Theory.Randall Collins - 2009
    In the popular misconception fostered by blockbuster action movies and best-selling thrillers--not to mention conventional explanations by social scientists--violence is easy under certain conditions, like poverty, racial or ideological hatreds, or family pathologies. Randall Collins challenges this view in Violence, arguing that violent confrontation goes against human physiological hardwiring. It is the exception, not the rule--regardless of the underlying conditions or motivations. -/- Collins gives a comprehensive explanation of violence and its dynamics, drawing upon video footage, cutting-edge forensics, and (...)
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  16.  48
    Information Processing and Dynamics in Minimally Cognitive Agents.Randall D. Beer & Paul L. Williams - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (1):1-38.
    There has been considerable debate in the literature about the relative merits of information processing versus dynamical approaches to understanding cognitive processes. In this article, we explore the relationship between these two styles of explanation using a model agent evolved to solve a relational categorization task. Specifically, we separately analyze the operation of this agent using the mathematical tools of information theory and dynamical systems theory. Information-theoretic analysis reveals how task-relevant information flows through the system to be combined into a (...)
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  17.  63
    Aristotle's System of the Physical World: A Comparison with His Predecessors.John Herman Randall - 1960 - Philosophical Review 71 (4):520-523.
  18.  30
    Motivational Aspects of Moral Learning and Progress.Randall Curren - 2014 - Journal of Moral Education 43 (4):484-499.
    This paper addresses a puzzle about moral learning concerning its social context and the potential for moral progress: Won't the social context of moral learning shape moral perceptions, beliefs, and motivation in ways that will inevitably limit moral motivation, perceptiveness, and progress? It addresses the relationships between habituation and moral reasoning in Aristotelian moral education, and assesses Julia Annas’s attempt to defend the possibility of moral progress within a virtue ethical framework. Focusing on the motivational core of the puzzle, the (...)
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  19.  87
    Computational and Dynamical Languages for Autonomous Agents.Randall D. Beer - 1995 - In Tim van Gelder & Robert Port (eds.), Mind as Motion: Explorations in the Dynamics of Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 121--147.
  20.  20
    Patriotic Education in a Global Age.Randall R. Curren & Charles Dorn - 2018 - Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press.
    The central question for this book is whether schools should attempt to cultivate patriotism, and if so why, how, and with what conception of patriotism in mind. The promotion of patriotism has figured prominently in the history of public schooling in the United States, always with the idea that patriotism is both an inherently admirable attribute and an essential motivational basis for good citizenship. It has been assumed, in short, that patriotism is a virtue in its own right and that (...)
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  21.  35
    Methodical Support for Informational Analysis of Mind: A Review of Igor Aleksander's and Helen Morton's — "Aristotle's Laptop: The Discovery of Our Informational Mind". [REVIEW]Randal A. Koene - 2014 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 6 (1):41-43.
    Randal A. Koene, Int. J. Mach. Conscious., 06, 41 (2014). DOI: 10.1142/S179384301440006X.
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  22. Critical Responses to Josiah Royce, 1885-1916 / Edited and Introduced by Randall E. Auxier.Josiah Royce & Randall E. Auxier - 2000
     
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  23.  29
    Aristotle.John Herman Randall - 1960 - New York: Columbia University Press.
  24. The Mathematical Structure of the World: The World as Graph.Randall R. Dipert - 1997 - Journal of Philosophy 94 (7):329-358.
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  25. The Philosophy of Palliative Care: Critique and Reconstruction.Fiona Randall - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    It is a philosophy of patient care, and is therefore open to critique and evaluation.Using the Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine Third Edition as their ...
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  26.  64
    Nietzsche's Genealogy: Nihilism and the Will to Knowledge.Randall Havas - 1995 - Cornell University Press.
    In this provocative book, Randall Havas articulates an approach to Nietzsche which demonstrates that the authentic individual need not stand apart from his or her culture in order to resist the demands of conformism. On Havas's reading, the task of the Nietzschean individual is instead to replace the illusion of culture - "herd morality" - with real community, and in this way to avoid nihilism. It is such community that Nietzsche aspires to establish with his readers - a claim (...)
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  27.  63
    Fundamentals of Whole Brain Emulation: State, Transition and Update Representations.Randal A. Koene - 2012 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 4 (01):5-21.
  28.  9
    [Book Review] Einstein, Bohr, and the Quantum Dilemma. [REVIEW]Whitaker Andrew - 1998 - Science and Society 62 (2):315-317.
  29. The Field of Cultural Production: Essays on Art and Literature.Pierre Bourdieu & Randal Johnson - 1996 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 54 (1):88-90.
  30.  7
    The Great Chain of Being.John Herman Randall - 1938 - Philosophical Review 47 (2):214-218.
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  31.  13
    Argumentation, the Visual, and the Possibility of Refutation: An Exploration.Randall A. Lake & Barbara A. Pickering - 1998 - Argumentation 12 (1):79-93.
    Taking the possibility of visual argumentation seriously, this essay explores how refutation might proceed. We posit three ways in which images can refute and be refuted in a mixed-media environment: dissection, in which an image is broken down discursively; substitution, in which one image is replaced within a larger visual frame by a different image; and transformation, in which an image is recontextualized in a new visual frame. These strategies are illustrated in an analysis of three American documentary films on (...)
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  32.  2
    The Career of Philosophy.John Herman Randall - 1962 - New York: Columbia University Press.
    [v. 1] From the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment.--v. 2. From the German Enlightenment to the age of Darwin.
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  33.  55
    The Ethics of Cyberwarfare.Randall R. Dipert - 2010 - Journal of Military Ethics 9 (4):384-410.
    The paper addresses several issues in the morality of cyberwar and cyberwarfare, defined as one nation's attacks on the governmental or civilian information systems of another nation. It sketches the diverse technical ways in which an attack may occur, including denial-of-service attacks and the insertion of various forms of malware. It argues that existing international law and widely discussed principles of Just War Theory do not straightforwardly apply to cyberwarfare, and many forms of cyberwarfare differ from previous forms of warfare (...)
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  34.  78
    Working-Memory Capacity and the Control of Attention: The Contributions of Goal Neglect, Response Competition, and Task Set to Stroop Interference.Michael J. Kane & Randall W. Engle - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (1):47.
  35.  27
    Aristotelian Versus Virtue Ethical Character Education.Randall Curren - 2016 - Journal of Moral Education 45 (4):516-526.
    This review essay examines some central aspects of Kristján Kristjánsson’s book, Aristotelian Character Education, beginning with the claim that contemporary virtue ethics provides methodological, ontological, epistemological, and moral foundations for Aristotelian character education. It considers three different formulations of what defines virtue ethics, and suggests that virtue ethical moral theory has steered character educators away from important aspects of Aristotle’s views on character education. It goes on to suggest a broadening of attention to psychology beyond personality and the psychological status (...)
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  36.  83
    A Multidimensional Scale for Measuring Business Ethics: A Purification and Refinement. [REVIEW]Randall S. Hansen - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (7):523 - 534.
    Many researchers in the field of business ethics have attempted to develop methods to determine and evaluate the ethics of a variety of different classes of people, including students, professionals, and mixed samples of students and professionals. Unfortunately, most of these studies were disjunctive, simply adding confusion to an already unfocused area of research. However, Reidenbach and Robin (1988, 1990), have changed this trend by attempting to quantify the various ethical philosophies into a multi-dimensional scale of business ethics. This paper (...)
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  37.  3
    Dismantling Paley’s Watch: Equivocation Regarding the Word “Order” in the Teleological Argument.Randall S. Firestone - 2020 - Open Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):155-186.
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  38.  17
    Oversimplification in Philosophy.Randall S. Firestone - 2019 - Open Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):396-427.
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  39.  81
    The Social Desirability Response Bias in Ethics Research.Donna M. Randall & Maria F. Fernandes - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (11):805 - 817.
    This study examines the impact of a social desirability response bias as a personality characteristic (self-deception and impression management) and as an item characteristic (perceived desirability of the behavior) on self-reported ethical conduct. Findings from a sample of college students revealed that self-reported ethical conduct is associated with both personality and item characteristics, with perceived desirability of behavior having the greatest influence on self-reported conduct. Implications for research in business ethics are drawn, and suggestions are offered for reducing the effects (...)
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  40. Nature and Historical Experience.John Herman Randall - 1958 - New York: Columbia University Press.
  41.  20
    The Mathematical Structure of the World: The World as Graph.Randall R. Dipert - 1997 - Journal of Philosophy 94 (7):329-358.
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  42. Experimental Research in Whole Brain Emulation: The Need for Innovativein Vivomeasurement Techniques.Randal A. Koene - 2012 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 4 (01):35-65.
  43.  97
    Methodology in Business Ethics Research: A Review and Critical Assessment. [REVIEW]D. M. Randall & A. M. Gibson - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (6):457 - 471.
    Using 94 published empirical articles in academic journals as a data base, this paper provides a critical review of the methodology employed in the study of ethical beliefs and behavior of organizational members. The review revealed that full methodological detail was provided in less than one half of the articles. Further, the majority of empirical research articles expressed no concern for the reliability or validity of measures, were characterized by low response rates, used convenience samples, and did not offer a (...)
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  44.  22
    The Antecedents of Moral Imagination in the Workplace: A Social Cognitive Theory Perspective. [REVIEW]Brian G. Whitaker & Lindsey N. Godwin - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (1):61-73.
    As corporate scandals proliferate, organizational researchers and practitioners have made calls for research providing guidance for those wishing to influence positive moral decision-making and behavior in the workplace. This study incorporates social cognitive theory and a vignette-based cognitive measure for moral imagination to examine (a) moral attentiveness and employee creativity as important antecedents of moral imagination and (b) creativity as a moderator of the positive relationship between moral attentiveness and moral imagination. Based on the results from supervisor–subordinate dyadic data (N (...)
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  45. Mind and Brain: Toward an Understanding of Dualism.Kristopher Phillips, Alan Beretta & Harry A. Whitaker - 2014 - In C. U. M. Smith & Harry A. Whitaker (eds.), Brain, Mind and Consciousness in the History of Neuroscience. Springer. pp. 355-369.
    A post-Newtonian understanding of matter includes immaterial forces; thus, the concept of ‘physical’ has lost what usefulness it previously had and Cartesian dualism has, consequently, ceased to support a divide between the mental and the physical. A contemporary scientific understanding of mind that goes back at least as far as Priestley in the 18th century, not only includes immaterial components but identifies brain parts in which these components correlate with neural activity. What are we left with? The challenge is no (...)
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  46. Aristotle on the Necessity of Public Education.Randall R. Curren - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Aristotle regarded law and education as the two fundamental and deeply interdependent tools of political art, making the use of education by the statesman a topic of the first importance in his practical philosophy. The present work develops the first comprehensive treatment of this neglected topic, and assesses the importance of Aristotle's defense of public education for current debates about school choice and privatization, and educational equality.
     
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  47.  72
    The Sociology of Philosophies: A Précis.Randall Collins - 2000 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 30 (2):157-201.
    cis is presented of Randall Collins's book, The Sociology of Philosophies: A Global Theory of Intellectual Change. It presents a sociological theory of intellectual networks that connect thinkers in chains of masters and pupils, colleagues and rivals, and of the internalized conversations that constitute the social processes of thinking. The theory is used to analyze long-term developments of the intellectual communities of philosophers in ancient Greece, ancient and medieval China and India, medieval and modern Japan, medieval Islam and Judaism, (...)
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  48.  30
    Faith and Disbelief.Robert K. Whitaker - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (2):149-172.
    Is faith that p compatible with disbelief that p? I argue that it is. After surveying some recent literature on the compatibility of propositional and non-propositional forms of faith with the lack of belief, I take the next step and offer several arguments for the thesis that both these forms of faith are also compatible, in certain cases, with outright disbelief. This is contrary to the views of some significant recent commentators on propositional faith, including Robert Audi and Daniel Howard-Snyder. (...)
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  49.  18
    Good Friendships Among Children: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation.David Ian Walker, Randall Curren & Chantel Jones - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (3):286-309.
    Ethical dimensions of friendship have rarely been explicitly addressed as aspects of friendship quality in studies of children's peer relationships. This study identifies aspects of moral virtue significant for friendship, as a basis for empirically investigating the role of ethical qualities in children's friendship assessments and aspirations. We introduce a eudaimonic conception of friendship quality, identify aspects of moral virtue foundational to such quality, review and contest some grounds on which children have been regarded as not mature enough to have (...)
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  50.  41
    A Conceptual Foundation for Ethical Decision Making: A Stakeholder Perspective in the Lodging Industry (U.S.A.). [REVIEW]Randall S. Upchurch - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (12):1349-1361.
    The purpose of this study was to build upon previous ethical research; thereby, advancing the hospitality industry's understanding of ethical decision making in lodging operations. In particular, this study reviewed: (a) the primary normative ethical precepts (i.e., egoism, benevolence, and principle) used as a criterion in ethical decision making, and (b) the predominant locus of analysis (e.g., individual, local, or cosmopolitan referent sources) used in applying ethical precepts to ethical decisions.The sample consisted of 500 lodging operations as randomly abstracted from (...)
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