Results for 'Randy Au Patrick Grim'

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  1.  16
    Modeling Prejudice Reduction: Spatialized Game Theory and the Contact Hypothesis.Patrick Grim, Evan Selinger, William Braynen, Robert Rosenberger, Randy Au, Nancy Louie & John Connolly - 2005 - Public Affairs Quarterly 19 (2):95-125.
  2. Philosophy of Science and Occult, 1st Ed.Patrick Grim (ed.) - 1983 - State University of New York Press.
    Philosophy of Science and the Occult has two aims: to introduce the philosophy of science through an examination of the occult, and to examine the occult rigorously enough to raise central issues in philosophy of science. Patrick Grim has compiled selections by authors with divergent views on astrology, parapsychology, and UFO’s to emphasize topics standard to the philosophy of science. He discusses issues such as confirmation and selection for testing, possibility and a priori probabilities, causality and time, explanation (...)
     
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  3.  54
    The Undecidability of the Spatialized Prisoner's Dilemma.Patrick Grim - 1997 - Theory and Decision 42 (1):53-80.
    In the spatialized Prisoner's Dilemma, players compete against their immediate neighbors and adopt a neighbor's strategy should it prove locally superior. Fields of strategies evolve in the manner of cellular automata (Nowak and May, 1993; Mar and St. Denis, 1993a,b; Grim 1995, 1996). Often a question arises as to what the eventual outcome of an initial spatial configuration of strategies will be: Will a single strategy prove triumphant in the sense of progressively conquering more and more territory without opposition, (...)
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  4.  21
    The Incomplete Universe.Patrick Grim - 1991 - Cambridge: Mass.: Mit Press.
    The Incomplete Universe includes detailed work on the liar paradox and recent attempts at solution, Kaplan and Montague's paradox of the knower, the Godel ...
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  5.  3
    The Philosophical Computer Exploratory Essays in Philosophical Computer Modeling.Patrick Grim, Gary Mar & Paul St Denis - 1998
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  6. Logic and Limits of Knowledge and Truth.Patrick Grim - 1988 - Noûs 22 (3):341-367.
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  7. There Is No Set of All Truths.Patrick Grim - 1984 - Analysis 44 (4):206 - 208.
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  8.  61
    On Sets and Worlds: A Reply to Menzel.Patrick Grim - 1986 - Analysis 46 (4):186 - 191.
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  9.  93
    Pattern and Chaos: New Images in the Semantics of Paradox.Gary Mar & Patrick Grim - 1991 - Noûs 25 (5):659-693.
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  10. Worlds by Supervenience: Some Further Problems.Patrick Grim - 1997 - Analysis 57 (2):146-51.
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  11. Truth, Omniscience, and Cantorian Arguments: An Exchange.Alvin Plantinga & Patrick Grim - 1993 - Philosophical Studies 71 (3):267-306.
    Suppose there were a set T of all truths, and consider all subsets of T --all members of the power set T. To each element of this power set will correspond a truth. To each set of the power set, for example, a particular truth T1 either will or will not belong as a member. In either case we will have a..
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  12.  57
    The Being That Knew Too Much.Patrick Grim - 2000 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 47 (3):141-154.
  13.  69
    Against Omniscience: The Case From Essential Indexicals.Patrick Grim - 1985 - Noûs 19 (2):151-180.
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  14.  48
    Operators in the Paradox of the Knower.Patrick Grim - 1993 - Synthese 94 (3):409 - 428.
    Predicates are term-to-sentence devices, and operators are sentence-to-sentence devices. What Kaplan and Montague's Paradox of the Knower demonstrates is that necessity and other modalities cannot be treated as predicates, consistent with arithmetic; they must be treated as operators instead. Such is the current wisdom.A number of previous pieces have challenged such a view by showing that a predicative treatment of modalities neednot raise the Paradox of the Knower. This paper attempts to challenge the current wisdom in another way as well: (...)
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  15. What is a Contradiction?Patrick Grim - 2004 - In Graham Priest, Jc Beall & Bradley P. Armour-Garb (eds.), The Law of Non-Contradiction : New Philosophical Essays. Oxford University Press. pp. 49--72.
     
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  16.  81
    On Omniscience and a 'Set of All Truths': A Reply to Bringsjord.Patrick Grim - 1990 - Analysis 50 (4):271 - 276.
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  17.  16
    ``Some Neglected Problems of Omniscience&Quot.Patrick Grim - 1983 - American Philosophical Quarterly 20 (3):265-277.
  18.  37
    Plenum Theory.Nicholas Rescher & Patrick Grim - 2008 - Noûs 42 (3):422-439.
  19.  83
    What Won't Escape Sorites Arguments.Patrick Grim - 1982 - Analysis 42 (1):38 - 43.
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  20.  13
    Information and Meaning: Use-Based Models in Arrays of Neural Nets.Patrick Grim, Paul St Denis & Trina Kokalis - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (1):43-66.
  21.  36
    ``Truth, Omniscience and Cantorian Arguments: An Exchange&Quot. [REVIEW]Patrick Grim & Alvin Plantinga - 1993 - Philosophical Studies 71 (3):267-306.
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  22.  56
    Information and Meaning: Use-Based Models in Arrays of Neural Nets. [REVIEW]Patrick Grim, P. St Denis & T. Kokalis - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (1):43-66.
    The goal of philosophy of information is to understand what information is, how it operates, and how to put it to work. But unlike ‘information’ in the technical sense of information theory, what we are interested in is meaningful information. To understand the nature and dynamics of information in this sense we have to understand meaning. What we offer here are simple computational models that show emergence of meaning and information transfer in randomized arrays of neural nets. These we take (...)
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  23. Philosophy of Science and the Occult.Patrick Grim - 1982
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  24.  29
    Fractal Images of Formal Systems.Paul St Denis & Patrick Grim - 1997 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 26 (2):181-222.
    Formal systems are standardly envisaged in terms of a grammar specifying well-formed formulae together with a set of axioms and rules. Derivations are ordered lists of formulae each of which is either an axiom or is generated from earlier items on the list by means of the rules of the system; the theorems of a formal system are simply those formulae for which there are derivations. Here we outline a set of alternative and explicitly visual ways of envisaging and analyzing (...)
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  25.  69
    Is This a Swizzle Stick Which I See Before Me?Patrick Grim - 1983 - Analysis 43 (4):164 - 166.
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  26.  71
    On Situations and the World: A Problem for Barwise and Etchemendy.Patrick Grim & Gary Mar - 1989 - Analysis 49 (3):143 - 148.
  27. Evolution of Communication with a Spatialized Genetic Algorithm.Patrick Grim - manuscript
    We extend previous work by modeling evolution of communication using a spatialized genetic algorithm which recombines strategies purely locally. Here cellular automata are used as a spatialized environment in which individuals gain points by capturing drifting food items and are 'harmed' if they fail to hide from migrating predators. Our individuals are capable of making one of two arbitrary sounds, heard only locally by their immediate neighbors. They can respond to sounds from their neighbors by opening their mouths or by (...)
     
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  28. Philosophy of Science and the Occult: Second Edition.Patrick Grim (ed.) - 1990 - State University of New York Press.
    This book both introduces the philosophy of science through examination of the occult and examines the occult rigorously enough to raise central issues in the philosophy of science. Placed in the context of the occult, philosophy of science issues become immediately understandable and forcefully compelling. Divergent views on astrology, parapsychology, and quantum mechanics mysticism emphasize topics standard to the philosophy of science. Such issues as confirmation and selection for testing, causality and time, explanation and the nature of scientific laws, the (...)
     
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  29.  61
    Against a Deontic Argument for God's Existence.Patrick Grim - 1982 - Analysis 42 (3):171 - 174.
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  30.  83
    The Buried Quantifier: An Account of Vagueness and the Sorites.Patrick Grim - 2005 - Analysis 65 (286):95–104.
  31.  38
    Letters to the Editor.John D. Sommer, Ed Casey, Mary C. Rawlinson, Eva Kittay, Michael A. Simon, Patrick Grim, Clyde Lee Miller, Rita Nolan, Marshall Spector, Don Ihde, Peter Williams, Anthony Weston, Donn Welton, Dick Howard, David A. Dilworth & Tom Foster Digby 3d - 1993 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 66 (5):97 - 112.
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  32.  12
    Plantinga's God and Other Monstrosities.Patrick Grim - 1979 - Religious Studies 15 (1):91.
    In God, Freedom, and Evil , Alvin Plantinga presents a new form of the ontological argument for the existence of God. Though he has reservations concerning its evangelical efficacy, Plantinga considers the proof both valid and sound, and presents it as a defence of the rational acceptability of theism.
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  33.  58
    How Simulations Fail.Patrick Grim, Robert Rosenberger, Adam Rosenfeld, Brian Anderson & Robb E. Eason - 2013 - Synthese 190 (12):2367-2390.
    ‘The problem with simulations is that they are doomed to succeed.’ So runs a common criticism of simulations—that they can be used to ‘prove’ anything and are thus of little or no scientific value. While this particular objection represents a minority view, especially among those who work with simulations in a scientific context, it raises a difficult question: what standards should we use to differentiate a simulation that fails from one that succeeds? In this paper we build on a structural (...)
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  34.  4
    The Incomplete Universe: Totality, Knowledge, and Truth.Elliott Mendelson & Patrick Grim - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (176):409.
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  35.  21
    Further Notes on Functions.Patrick Grim - 1977 - Analysis 37 (4):169 - 176.
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  36.  34
    Truth, Omniscience, and the Knower.Patrick Grim - 1988 - Philosophical Studies 54 (1):9 - 41.
    Let us sum up.The paradox of the Knower poses a direct and formal challenge to the coherence of common notions of knowledge and truth. We've considered a number of ways one might try to meet that challenge: propositional views of truth and knowledge, redundancy or operator views, and appeal to hierarchy of various sorts. Mere appeal to propositions or operators, however, seems to be inadequate to the task of the Knower, at least if unsupplemented by an auxiliary recourse to hierarchy. (...)
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  37.  20
    Scientific Networks on Data Landscapes: Question Difficulty, Epistemic Success, and Convergence.Patrick Grim, Daniel J. Singer, Steven Fisher, Aaron Bramson, William J. Berger, Christopher Reade, Carissa Flocken & Adam Sales - 2013 - Episteme 10 (4):441-464.
    A scientific community can be modeled as a collection of epistemic agents attempting to answer questions, in part by communicating about their hypotheses and results. We can treat the pathways of scientific communication as a network. When we do, it becomes clear that the interaction between the structure of the network and the nature of the question under investigation affects epistemic desiderata, including accuracy and speed to community consensus. Here we build on previous work, both our own and others’, in (...)
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  38.  31
    How Modeling Can Go Wrong.Patrick Grim & Nicholas Rescher - 2013 - Philosophy and Technology 26 (1):75-80.
    Modeling and simulation clearly have an upside. My discussion here will deal with the inevitable downside of modeling — the sort of things that can go wrong. It will set out a taxonomy for the pathology of models — a catalogue of the various ways in which model contrivance can go awry. In the course of that discussion, I also call on some of my past experience with models and their vulnerabilities.
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  39.  1
    Gremlins Revenged: Gremlins Repulsed.Patrick Grim & Robert Brecher - 1984 - Philosophical Studies 30:165-176.
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  40.  31
    Wright on Functions.Patrick Grim - 1974 - Analysis 35 (2):62 - 64.
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  41.  43
    Evolution of Communication in Perfect and Imperfect Worlds.Patrick Grim - 2000 - World Futures 56 (2):179-197.
    We extend previous work on cooperation to some related questions regarding the evolution of simple forms of communication. The evolution of cooperation within the iterated Prisoner's Dilemma has been shown to follow different patterns, with significantly different outcomes, depending on whether the features of the model are classically perfect or stochastically imperfect (Axelrod 1980a, 1980b, 1984, 1985; Axelrod and Hamilton, 1981; Nowak and Sigmund, 1990, 1992; Sigmund 1993). Our results here show that the same holds for communication. Within a simple (...)
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  42.  11
    Germs, Genes, and Memes: Function and Fitness Dynamics on Information Networks.Patrick Grim, Daniel J. Singer, Christopher Reade & Steven Fisher - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (2):219-243.
    Understanding the dynamics of information is crucial to many areas of research, both inside and outside of philosophy. Using computer simulations of three kinds of information, germs, genes, and memes, we show that the mechanism of information transfer often swamps network structure in terms of its effects on both the dynamics and the fitness of the information. This insight has both obvious and subtle implications for a number of questions in philosophy, including questions about the nature of information, whether there (...)
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  43.  26
    Two Roads to Ignorance.Patrick Grim - 1983 - Review of Metaphysics 36 (4):953-954.
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  44.  9
    Criticism and Commitment.Patrick Grim - 1987 - Review of Metaphysics 41 (2):384-385.
  45.  21
    Ethical Issues in Suicide.Patrick Grim - 1984 - Teaching Philosophy 7 (1):53-55.
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  46.  7
    Location, Location, Location: The Importance of Spatialization in Modeling Cooperation and Communication.Patrick Grim, Stephanie Wardach & Vincent Beltrani - 2006 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 7 (1):43-78.
  47.  2
    Universality and the Liar: An Essay on Truth and the Diagonal Argument.Patrick Grim & Keith Simmons - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (3):467.
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  48. ``Logic and the Limits of Knowledge and Truth&Quot.Patrick Grim - 1988 - Noûs 22:341-368.
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  49.  24
    In Behalf of 'in Behalf of the Fool'.Patrick Grim - 1982 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 13 (1):33 - 42.
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  50.  23
    Taking Sorites Arguments Seriously: Some Hidden Costs.Patrick Grim - 1984 - Philosophia 14 (3-4):251-272.
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