Results for 'Randy Gallistel'

428 found
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  1. Mental Representations, Psychology Of.C. Randy Gallistel - 2001 - In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. pp. 9691--9695.
  2. The Encoding of Spatial Information During Small-Set Enumeration.Harry Haladjian, Manish Singh, Zenon Pylyshyn & Randy Gallistel - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
    Using a novel enumeration task, we examined the encoding of spatial information during subitizing. Observers were shown masked presentations of randomly-placed discs on a screen and were required to mark the perceived locations of these discs on a subsequent blank screen. This provided a measure of recall for object locations and an indirect measure of display numerosity. Observers were tested on three stimulus durations and eight numerosities. Enumeration performance was high for displays containing up to six discs—a higher subitizing range (...)
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  3.  38
    Representation in Cognitive Science: Replies.Nicholas Shea - 2020 - Mind and Language 35 (3):402-412.
    In their constructive reviews, Frances Egan, Randy Gallistel and Steven Gross have raised some important problems for the account of content advanced by Nicholas Shea in Representation in Cognitive Science. Here the author addresses their main challenges. Egan argues that the account includes an unrecognised pragmatic element; and that it makes contents explanatorily otiose. Gallistel raises questions about homomorphism and correlational information. Gross puts the account to work to resolve a dispute about probabilistic contents in perception, but (...)
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  4.  32
    Dead Reckoning in the Desert Ant: A Defence of Connectionist Models.Christopher Mole - 2014 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 5 (2):277-290.
    Dead reckoning is a feature of the navigation behaviour shown by several creatures, including the desert ant. Recent work by C. Randy Gallistel shows that some connectionist models of dead reckoning face important challenges. These challenges are thought to arise from essential features of the connectionist approach, and have therefore been taken to show that connectionist models are unable to explain even the most primitive of psychological phenomena. I show that Gallistel’s challenges are successfully met by one (...)
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  5.  25
    Précis of Gallistel's The Organization of Action: A New Synthesis.C. R. Gallistel - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (4):609-619.
  6.  83
    Contract Remedies and Inalienable Rights*: RANDY E. BARNETT.Randy E. Barnett - 1986 - Social Philosophy and Policy 4 (1):179-202.
    I. Introduction Two kinds of remedies have traditionally been employed for breach of contract: legal relief and equitable relief. Legal relief normally takes the form of money damages. Equitable relief normally consists either of specific performance or an injunction – that is, the party in breach may be ordered to perform an act or to refrain from performing an act. In this article I will use a “consent theory of contract” to assess the choice between money damages and specific performance. (...)
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  7. Self-Projection and the Brain.Randy L. Buckner & Daniel C. Carroll - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (2):49-57.
  8.  31
    The Physical Basis of Memory.C. R. Gallistel - forthcoming - Cognition:104533.
    Neuroscientists are searching for the engram within the conceptual framework established by John Locke's theory of mind. This framework was elaborated before the development of information theory, before the development of information processing machines and the science of computation, before the discovery that molecules carry hereditary information, before the discovery of the codon code and the molecular machinery for editing the messages written in this code and translating it into transcription factors that mark abstract features of organic structure such as (...)
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  9. Ethical Judgment and Whistleblowing Intention: Examining the Moderating Role of Locus of Control. [REVIEW]Randy K. Chiu - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 43 (1-2):65-74.
    The growing body of whistleblowing literature includes many studies that have attempted to identify the individual level antecedents of whistleblowing behavior. However, cross-cultural differences in perceptions of the ethicality of whistleblowing affect the judgment of whistleblowing intention. This study ascertains how Chinese managers/professionals decide to blow the whistle in terms of their locus of control and subjective judgment regarding the intention of whistleblowing. Hypotheses that are derived from these speculations are tested with data on Chinese managers and professionals. Statistical analysis (...)
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  10.  75
    Reading Zoos: Representations of Animals and Captivity.Randy Malamud - 1998 - New York University Press.
    A caged animal in the heart of the city, thousands of miles from its natural habitat, neurotically pacing in its confinement . . . Zoos offer a convenient way to indulge a cultural appetite for novelty and diversion, and to teach us, albeit superficially, about animals. Yet what, conversely, do they tell us about the people who create, maintain, and patronize them, and about animal captivity in general? Rather than foster an appreciation for the lives and attributes of animals, zoos, (...)
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  11.  44
    Preverbal and Verbal Counting and Computation.C. R. Gallistel & Rochel Gelman - 1992 - Cognition 44 (1-2):43-74.
  12.  52
    The Evolutionary Psychology of Men's Coercive Sexuality.Randy Thornhill & Nancy Wilmsen Thornhill - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (2):363-375.
  13. Attitudes Towards Business Ethics: A Five Nation Comparative Study. [REVIEW]Randi L. Sims & A. Ercan Gegez - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 50 (3):253-265.
    Increasingly the business environment is tending toward a global economy. The current study compares the results of the Attitudes Towards Business Ethics Questionnaire (ATBEQ) reported in the literature for samples from the United States of America, Israel, Western Australia, and South Africa to a new sample (n = 125) from Turkey. The results indicate that while there are some shared views towards business ethics across countries, significant differences do exist between Turkey and each of the other countries in the study. (...)
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  14.  46
    Non-Verbal Numerical Cognition: From Reals to Integers.C. R. Gallistel & Rochel Gelman - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (2):59-65.
  15.  77
    The Evolution of Distributed Association Networks in the Human Brain.Randy L. Buckner & Fenna M. Krienen - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (12):648-665.
  16.  3
    Life History Orientation Predicts COVID-19 Precautions and Projected Behaviors.Randy Corpuz, Sophia D’Alessandro, Janet Adeyemo, Nicole Jankowski & Karen Kandalaft - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  17.  58
    Predictors of External Whistleblowing: Organizational and Intrapersonal Variables. [REVIEW]Randi L. Sims & John P. Keenan - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (4):411-421.
    Research on whistleblowing has not yet provided a finite set of variables which have been shown to influence an employee's decision to report wrongdoing. Prior research on business ethics suggests that ethical business decisions are influenced by both organizational as well as intrapersonal variables. As such, this paper attempts to predict the decision to whistleblow using organizational and intrapersonal variables. External whistleblowing was found to be significantly related to supervisor support, informal policies, gender, and ideal values. External whistleblowing was not (...)
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  18.  65
    The Influence of Ethical Fit on Employee Satisfaction, Commitment and Turnover.Randi L. Sims & K. Galen Kroeck - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (12):939 - 947.
    This study examines the influence of ethical fit on employee attitudes and intentions to turnover. The results of this investigation provides support for the conjecture that ethical work climate is an important variable in the study of person-organization fit. Ethical fit was found to be significantly related to turnover intentions, continuance commitment, and affective commitment, but not to job satisfaction. Results are discussed in regard to some of the affective and cognitive distinctions among satisfaction, commitment, and behavioral intentions.
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  19.  83
    Determinants of Ethical Decision Making: The Relationship of the Perceived Organizational Environment. [REVIEW]Randi L. Sims & Thomas L. Keon - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 19 (4):393 - 401.
    This study attempts to help explain the ethical decision making of individual employees by determining how the perceived organizational environment is related to that decision. A self- administered questionnaire design was used for gathering data in this study with a sample size of 245 full-time employees. Perceived supervisor expectation, formal policies, and informal policies were used to assess the expressed ethical decision of the respondents. The findings indicate that the perceived organizational environment is significantly related to the ethical decision of (...)
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  20.  80
    Facial Attractiveness.Randy Thornhill & Steven W. Gangestad - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (12):452-460.
  21.  80
    Pursuing Justice in a Free Society: Part One—Power Vs. Liberty.Randy E. Barnett - 1985 - Criminal Justice Ethics 4 (2):50-72.
    The problem of pursuing and achieving justice in a free society involves three different areas of analysis. First, the types of acts that are to be proscribed must be specified. Part of this analysis is methodological, requiring us to settle on the way in which such questions are to be decided. Second, once an offense has been defined, the remedy for its commission must be determined in a manner that is consistent with the theory of justice that defined the criminal (...)
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  22.  12
    The Importance of Proving the Null.C. R. Gallistel - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (2):439-453.
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  23.  61
    Ethical Work Climate as a Factor in the Development of Person-Organization Fit.Randi L. Sims & Thomas L. Keon - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (11):1095-1105.
    The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a relationship between the ethical climate of the organization and the development of person-organization fit. The relationship between an individual's stage of moral development and his/her perceived ethical work environment was examined using a sample of 86 working students. Results indicate that a match between individual preferences and present position proved most satisfying. Subjects expressing a match between their preferences for an ethical work climate and their present ethical work (...)
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  24. Do Zoos and Aquariums Promote Attitude Change in Visitors? A Critical Evaluation of the American Zoo and Aquarium Study.Randy Malamud, Lori Marino, Nathan Nobis, Ron Broglio & Scott O. Lilienfeld - 2010 - Society and Animals 18 (2):126-138.
    Modern-day zoos and aquariums market themselves as places of education and conservation. A recent study conducted by the American Zoo and Aquarium Association is being widely heralded as the first direct evidence that visits to zoos and aquariums produce long-term positive effects on people’s attitudes toward other animals. In this paper, we address whether this conclusion is warranted by analyzing the study’s methodological soundness. We conclude that Falk et al. contains at least six major threats to methodological validity that undermine (...)
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  25.  9
    Time, Rate, and Conditioning.C. R. Gallistel & John Gibbon - 2000 - Psychological Review 107 (2):289-344.
  26. Restitution: A New Paradigm of Criminal Justice.Randy E. Barnett - 1977 - Ethics 87 (4):279-301.
  27.  51
    The Function of Several Property and Freedom of Contract*: RANDY E. BARNETT.Randy E. Barnett - 1992 - Social Philosophy and Policy 9 (1):62-94.
    Suppose you are on a commercial airplane that is flying at 35,000 feet. Next to you sits a man who appears to be sleeping. In fact, this man has been drugged and put upon the plane without his knowledge or consent. He has never flown on a plane before and, indeed, has no idea what an airplane is. Suddenly the man awakes and looks around him. Terrified by the alien environment in which he finds himself, he searches for a door (...)
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  28.  73
    Human Facial Beauty.Randy Thornhill & Steven W. Gangestad - 1993 - Human Nature 4 (3):237-269.
    It is hypothesized that human faces judged to be attractive by people possess two features—averageness and symmetry—that promoted adaptive mate selection in human evolutionary history by way of production of offspring with parasite resistance. Facial composites made by combining individual faces are judged to be attractive, and more attractive than the majority of individual faces. The composites possess both symmetry and averageness of features. Facial averageness may reflect high individual protein heterozygosity and thus an array of proteins to which parasites (...)
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  29.  31
    A Process Approach to Emotion and Personality: Using Time as a Facet of Data.Randy J. Larsen, Adam A. Augustine & Zvjezdana Prizmic - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (7):1407-1426.
  30.  33
    Takings: Private Property and the Power of Eminent Domain.Randy E. Barnett - 1987 - Ethics 97 (3):669-672.
  31.  53
    Facilitating the Furrowed Brow: An Unobtrusive Test of the Facial Feedback Hypothesis Applied to Unpleasant Affect.Randy J. Larsen, Margaret Kasimatis & Kurt Frey - 1992 - Cognition and Emotion 6 (5):321-338.
  32.  1
    Community Organizing or Organizing Community?: Gender and the Crafts of Empowerment.Randy Stoecker & Susan Stall - 1998 - Gender and Society 12 (6):729-756.
    This article looks at two strains of urban community organizing, distinguished by philosophy and often by gender, and influenced by the historical division of American society into public and private spheres. The authors compare the well-known Alinsky model, which focuses on communities organizing for power, and what they call the women-centered model, which focuses on organizing relationships to build community. These models are rooted in somewhat distinct traditions and vary along several dimensions, including conceptions of human nature and conflict, power (...)
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  33.  13
    Towards Living Within My Body and Accepting the Past: A Case Study of Embodied Narrative Identity.Randi Sviland, Kari Martinsen & Målfrid Råheim - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (3):363-374.
    This narrative case study, created from several qualitative sources, portrays a young woman’s life experiences and an eight yearlong therapy process with Norwegian Psychomotor Physiotherapy. It is analyzed retrospectively from an analytical angle, where NPMP theory is expanded with Løgstrup’s phenomenology of sensation and Ricoeur’s narrative philosophy. Understanding Rita’s narrative through this window displayed some foundational phenomena in a singular way, illuminating embodied experiences in inter-subjective relationships in movement, sensation and time entwined. It illustrates how traumatic life experiences may cause (...)
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  34.  18
    Medical Assistance in Dying at a Paediatric Hospital.Carey DeMichelis, Randi Zlotnik Shaul & Adam Rapoport - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (1):60-67.
    This article explores the ethical challenges of providing Medical Assistance in Dying in a paediatric setting. More specifically, we focus on the theoretical questions that came to light when we were asked to develop a policy for responding to MAID requests at our tertiary paediatric institution. We illuminate a central point of conceptual confusion about the nature of MAID that emerges at the level of practice, and explore the various entailments for clinicians and patients that would flow from different understandings. (...)
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  35.  30
    Is It Ethical to Prevent Secondary Use of Stored Biological Samples and Data Derived From Consenting Research Participants? The Case of Malawi.Randy G. Mungwira, Wongani Nyangulu, James Misiri, Steven Iphani, Ruby Ng’ong’ola, Chawanangwa M. Chirambo, Francis Masiye & Joseph Mfutso-Bengo - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundThis paper discusses the contentious issue of reuse of stored biological samples and data obtained from research participants in past clinical research to answer future ethical and scientifically valid research questions. Many countries have regulations and guidelines that guide the use and exportation of stored biological samples and data. However, there are variations in regulations and guidelines governing the reuse of stored biological samples and data in Sub-Saharan Africa including Malawi.DiscussionThe current research ethics regulations and guidelines in Malawi do not (...)
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  36.  3
    A Portrait of the Substrate for Self-Stimulation.C. R. Gallistel, Peter Shizgal & John S. Yeomans - 1981 - Psychological Review 88 (3):228-273.
  37.  5
    Foraging for Brain Stimulation: Toward a Neurobiology of Computation.C. R. Gallistel - 1994 - Cognition 50 (1-3):151-170.
  38.  13
    The Coding Question.C. R. Gallistel - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (7):498-508.
  39.  35
    Ethical Rule Breaking by Employees: A Test of Social Bonding Theory. [REVIEW]Randi L. Sims - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 40 (2):101 - 109.
    As employees continue to lie, cheat, and steal from their employers, researchers have tried to help managers understand and possibly predict such deviant behavior. This study considers the specific employee misconduct of ethical rule breaking. Hirschi (1969) suggested that deviant behavior can be better understood by social bonding theory. The social bonding model includes four elements; attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief. It is proposed that Hirschi's social bonding theory can be used to understand ethical rule breaking by employees. Using a (...)
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  40.  11
    Rhetorical Figures, Arguments, Computation.Randy Allen Harris & Chrysanne Di Marco - 2017 - Argument and Computation 8 (3):211-231.
  41. Understandings of the Nature of Science and Decision Making on Science and Technology Based Issues.Randy L. Bell & Norman G. Lederman - 2003 - Science Education 87 (3):352-377.
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  42. Becoming a Virtuous Agent: Kant and the Cultivation of Feelings and Emotions.Randy Cagle - 2005 - Kant-Studien 96 (4):452-467.
  43.  15
    Where Meanings Arise and How: Building on Shannon's Foundations.Charles R. Gallistel - 2020 - Mind and Language 35 (3):390-401.
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  44. Dewey's Naturalistic Metaphysics: Expostulations and Replies.Randy L. Friedman - 2011 - Education and Culture 27 (2):48-73.
    Critics of Dewey’s metaphysics point to his dismissal of any philosophy which locates ideals in a realm beyond experience. However, Dewey’s sustained critique of dualistic philosophies is but a first step in his reconstruction and recovery of the function of the metaphysical. Detaching the discussion of values from inquiry, whether scientific, philosophical or educational, produces the same end as relegating values to a transcendent realm that is beyond ordinary human discourse. Dewey’s naturalistic metaphysics supports his progressive educational philosophy. The duty (...)
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  45.  18
    Figural Logic in Gregor Mendel's “Experiments on Plant Hybrids”.Randy Harris - 2013 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 46 (4):570.
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  46.  11
    The Perception of Probability.C. R. Gallistel, Monika Krishan, Ye Liu, Reilly Miller & Peter E. Latham - 2014 - Psychological Review 121 (1):96-123.
  47.  42
    The Influence of Organizational Expectations on Ethical Decision Making Conflict.Randi L. Sims & Thomas L. Keon - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 23 (2):219 - 228.
    This study considers the ethical decision making of individual employees and the influence their perception of organizational expectations has on employee feelings about the decision making process. A self-administered questionnaire design was used for gathering data in this study, with a sample size of 245 full-time employees. The match between the ethical alternative chosen by the respondent and that alternative perceived to be encouraged by his/her organization was found to be significantly related to both feelings of discomfort and feelings of (...)
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  48.  37
    Representations in Animal Cognition: An Introduction.C. R. Gallistel - 1990 - Cognition 37 (1-2):1-22.
  49.  39
    Planning in Sentence Production: Evidence for the Phrase as a Default Planning Scope.Randi C. Martin, Jason E. Crowther, Meredith Knight, Franklin P. Tamborello Ii & Chin-Lung Yang - 2010 - Cognition 116 (2):177-192.
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  50.  13
    The Good, the Bad & the Difference: How to Tell Right From Wrong in Everyday Situations.Randy Cohen - 2002 - Doubleday.
    The man behind the New York Times Magazine ’s immensely popular column “The Ethicist”–syndicated in newspapers across the United States and Canada as “Everyday Ethics”–casts an eye on today’s manners and mores with a provocative, thematic collection of advice on how to be good in the real world. Every week in his column on ethics, Randy Cohen takes on conundrums presented in letters from perplexed people who want to do the right thing (or hope to get away with doing (...)
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