45 found
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  1.  74
    First Do No Harm: Euthanasia of Patients with Dementia in Belgium.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (1):74-89.
    In Memory of Ed PellegrinoEuthanasia in Belgium is not limited to terminally ill patients. It may be applied to patients with chronic degenerative diseases. Currently, people in Belgium wish to make it possible to euthanize incompetent patients who suffer from dementia. This article explains the Belgian law and then explores arguments for and against euthanasia of patients with dementia. It probes the dementia paradox by elucidating Dworkin’s distinction between critical and experiential interests, arguing that at the end-of-life this distinction is (...)
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  2.  14
    J.S. Mill's Boundaries of Freedom of Expression: A Critique.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2017 - Philosophy 92 (4):565-596.
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  3.  75
    Between Autonomy and State Regulation: J.S. Mill's Elastic Paternalism: Raphael Cohen-Almagor.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2012 - Philosophy 87 (4):557-582.
    This paper analyses J.S. Mill's theory on the relationships between individual autonomy and State powers. It will be argued that there is a significant discrepancy between Mill's general liberal statements aimed to secure individual largest possible autonomy and the specific examples which provide the government with quite wide latitude for interference in the public and private spheres. The paper outlines the boundaries of government interference in the Millian theory. Subsequently it describes Mill's elastic paternalism designed to prevent people from inflicting (...)
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  4.  8
    Cyberbullying, Moral Responsibility, and Social Networking: Lessons From the Megan Meier Tragedy.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2020 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 16 (1):75-98.
    This paper addresses the concepts of moral and social responsibility on the Internet in considering the most troubling phenomenon of cyberbullying that results in loss of life. Specifically, I probe the moral and social responsibilities of Internet users (agents), of the education system in fighting cyberbullying, and of Internet intermediaries. Balance needs to be struck between freedom of expression and social responsibility. The tragic story of Megan Meier serves as an illustrative example and some further incidents in which this ugly (...)
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  5.  50
    Why Confronting the Internet’s Dark Side?Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (3):919-929.
    Raphael Cohen-Almagor, the author of Confronting the Internet’s Dark Side, explains his motivation for exploring the dangerous side of the world wide web. This new book is the first comprehensive book on social responsibility on the Internet.
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  6.  6
    First Do No Harm: Intentionally Shortening Lives of Patients Without Their Explicit Request in Belgium.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (8):625-629.
  7.  54
    Why Tolerate? Reflections on the Millian Truth Principle.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 1997 - Philosophia 25 (1-4):131-152.
    The aim of this essay is to reflect on the Millian, utilitarian argument from truth that is held as one of the most conspicuous answers to the question Why tolerate? This argument postulates that only in a free market of ideas may the truth be discovered. Even the most unpopular idea may contain some truth in it and may contribute to the advancement of knowledge. It further commands us to contest those opinions which are believed to be true vigorously and (...)
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  8.  30
    Responsibility and Ethics in the Canadian Media: Some Basic Concerns.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2002 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 17 (1):35-52.
    In this article I analyze some of the troubling issues in Canadian media ethics, based on in-depth interviews with more than 50 experts on Canadian media. I begin by reflecting on the cultural considerations involved in the Canadian media's proximity to the United States. Subsequently, I discuss the problems of excessive ownership of the media by a few organizations, arguing that the right to exercise free expression does not include the right to own as many media organizations as money can (...)
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  9.  43
    Bloody Wednesday in Dawson College - The Story of Kimveer Gill, or Why Should We Monitor Certain Websites to Prevent Murder.Raphael Cohen-Almagor & Sharon Haleva-Amir - 2008 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 2 (3).
    The article deals with the Dawson College Massacre, focusing on the story of Kimveer Gill, a 25-year-old man from Laval, Montreal who wished to murder young students in Dawson College. It is argued that the international community should continue working together to devise rules for monitoring specific Internet sites, as human lives are at stake. Preemptive measures could prevent the translation of murderous thoughts into murderous actions. Designated monitoring mechanisms of certain websites that promote violence and seek legitimacy as well (...)
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  10. Should Doctors Suggest Euthanasia to Their Patients? Reflections on Dutch Perspectives.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2002 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (4-5):287-303.
    During the summer of 1999 and in April 2002 Iwent to the Netherlands in order to meet someof the leading authorities on the euthanasiapolicy. They were asked multiple questions.This study reports the main findings to thequestion: should doctors suggest euthanasia totheir patients? Some interviewees did notobserve any significant ethical concernsinvolved in suggesting euthanasia. For variousreasons they thought physicians should offereuthanasia as an option. Two intervieweesasserted that doctors don''t propose euthanasiato their patients. Five interviewees objectedto physician''s initiative.
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  11.  2
    Hate and Racist Speech in the United States. A Critique.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - forthcoming - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche.
  12.  36
    On Compromise and Coercion.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2006 - Ratio Juris 19 (4):434-455.
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  13.  11
    Why the Netherlands?Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (1):95-104.
  14. Speech, Media and Ethics—The Limits of Free Expression: Critical Studies on Freedom of Expression, Freedom of the Press and the Public's Right to Know.Raphael Cohen-Almagor & Itzhak Yanovitzky - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (3):447.
     
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  15.  4
    First Do No Harm: Euthanasia of Patients with Dementia in Belgium: Table 1.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2015 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy:jhv031.
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  16.  13
    Between Palliative Care and Euthanasia.Tom Mortier, René Leiva, Raphael Cohen-Almagor & Willem Lemmens - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (2):177-178.
    In 2002, Belgium was the second country in the world to legalize euthanasia following the Netherlands. Since then, a few studies dealing with Belgium euthanasia practices have been published that are based on a survey given to a sample of physicians and nurses . All these studies from the past decade have implicitly proposed the practice of euthanasia as a medical act. Moreover, the last article published in this journal argued that the Belgian experiment concerning medical end-of-life decisions is unique (...)
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  17.  15
    Why the Netherlands?Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (1):95-104.
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  18.  93
    Can Life Be Evaluated? The Jewish Halachic Approach Vs. The Quality of Life Approach in Medical Ethics: A Critical View.Raphael Cohen-Almagor & Merav Shmueli - 2000 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (2):117-137.
    In recent years there has been an increase in the number of requests formercy killings by patients and their relatives. Under certain conditions,the patient may prefer death to a life devoid of quality. In contrast to thosewho uphold this quality of life approach, those who hold the sanctity oflife approach claim that life has intrinsic value and must be preservedregardless of its quality. This essay describes these two approaches,examines their flaws, and offers a golden path between the two extremepositions.We discuss (...)
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  19.  33
    Responsibility of and Trust in ISPs.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (3):381-397.
    This discussion is about the neglected concepts of trust and social responsibility on the Internet. I will discuss and explain the concepts and their implications to people and society. I then address the issue of moral and social responsibilities of ISPs and web-hosting companies. I argue that ISPs and web-hosting companies should aspire to take responsibility for content and that they should respect and abide by their own terms of conduct.
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  20.  26
    Should the Euthanasia Act in Belgium Include Minors?Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2018 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 61 (2):230-248.
    In all actions concerning children, whether undertaken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law, administrative authorities or legislative bodies, the best interests of the child shall be a primary consideration.In 2014, Belgium Became the first country in the world to allow euthanasia of minors, irrespective of their age. This article explores whether this legislation enhances minors' rights or negates them.Do minors have capacity for agency? Are they able to make decisions concerning life and death? Can minors understand (...)
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  21.  14
    A Concise Rebuttal.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (3):285-286.
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  22.  9
    A Concise Rebuttal.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (3):285-286.
  23. Autonomy, Life as an Intrinsic Value, and the Right to Die in Dignity.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 1995 - Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (3):261-272.
    This paper examines two models of thinking relating to the issue of the right to die in dignity: one takes into consideration the rights and interests of the individual; the other supposes that human life is inherently valuable. I contend that preference should be given to the first model, and further assert that the second model may be justified in moral terms only as long as it does not resort to paternalism. The view that holds that certain patients are not (...)
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  24.  24
    Balancing Freedom of Expression and Social Responsibility on the Internet.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (3):973-985.
    This paper reflects on the articles submitted for the Symposium Confronting the Internet’s Dark Side. I discuss some of the criticisms of the book’s theory and my treatment of hate speech. The responsibilities of Internet Service Providers and Web-Hosting Services are in the fore, arguing that as they are the gatekeepers, they need to be proactive far more than they are now. This paper, like my book, strives to suggest an approach that harnesses the strengths and capabilities of the public (...)
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  25.  77
    The Right to Die with Dignity: An Argument in Ethics and Law.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2008 - Health Law and Policy 2 (1):2-8.
    The article discusses the way people wish to die, analyzing the legal situation in countries that permit either euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide. While criticizing the Dutch, Belgian and Swiss models, I argue that the Oregon model is the one with apparently little abuse. Building on the experiences of Oregon, the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, and the Northern Territory of Australia, the article ends with a set of guidelines to improve the conduct of PAS.
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  26.  56
    Freedom of Expression, Internet Responsibility, and Business Ethics: The Yahoo! Saga and Its Implications. [REVIEW]Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (3):353-365.
    In the late 1990s, the Internet seemed a perfect medium for business: a facilitator of unlimited economical propositions to people without any regulatory limitations. Cases such as that of Yahoo! mark the beginning of the end of that illusion. They demonstrate that Internet service providers (ISPs) have to respect domestic state legislation in order to avoid legal risks. Yahoo! was wrong to ignore French national laws and the plea to remove Nazi memorabilia from its auction site. Its legal struggle proved (...)
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  27.  65
    Foundations of Violence, Terror and War in the Writings of Marx, Engels, and Lenin.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 1991 - Terrorism and Political Violence 3 (2).
    The aims of this essay are (A) to examine the extent to which Marx, Engels and Lenin believed in revolution by peaceful means and what was their attitude towards the phenomenon of war, and (B) to reflect on the different interpretations of their writings, discerning between three schools of thought. It is argued that Marx and Engels considered violence only as an instrument of secondary importance and desirable insofar as there is no other alternative to change the system. It is (...)
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  28.  46
    Dignity, Compassion, Care and Safety Valves at the End-of-Life.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2008 - Israel Law Review 41 (1-2):358-393.
    This is an extensive critical review of Euthanasia in International and Comparative Perspective. My Review is divided into five parts. First, I outline the book's strengths. I proceed by speaking of the need for clear and cohesive terminology. I then discuss end-of-life decision-making in some of the countries: Belgium, The Netherlands, and the State of Oregon in the United States, all allow PAS. Belgium and The Netherlands also allow euthanasia. I also discuss Israel's Dying Patient Law,13 enacted by the Knesset (...)
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  29.  35
    Non-Voluntary and Involuntary Euthanasia in the Netherlands: Dutch Perspectives.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2002 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 2 (5):161-179.
    During the summer of 1999, twenty-eight interviews with some of the leading authorities on the euthanasia policy were conducted in the Netherlands. They were asked about cases of non-voluntary (when patients are incompetent) and involuntary euthanasia (when patients are competent and made no request to die). This study reports the main findings, showing that most respondents are quite complacent with regard to breaches of the guideline that speaks ofthe patient’s consent as prerequisite to performance of euthanasia.
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  30.  34
    Non-Voluntary and Involuntary Euthanasia in the Netherlands.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2002 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):161-179.
    During the summer of 1999, twenty-eight interviews with some of the leading authorities on the euthanasia policy were conducted in the Netherlands. They were asked about cases of non-voluntary (when patients are incompetent) and involuntary euthanasia (when patients are competent and made no request to die). This study reports the main findings, showing that most respondents are quite complacent with regard to breaches of the guideline that speaks ofthe patient’s consent as prerequisite to performance of euthanasia.
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  31.  25
    Freedom of Expression V. Social Responsibility: Holocaust Denial in Canada.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2013 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 28 (1):42 - 56.
    (2013). Freedom of Expression v. Social Responsibility: Holocaust Denial in Canada. Journal of Mass Media Ethics: Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 42-56. doi: 10.1080/08900523.2012.746119.
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  32.  35
    Disqualification of Lists in Israel (1948–1984): Retrospect and Appraisal. [REVIEW]Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 1994 - Law and Philosophy 13 (1):43 - 95.
    The aim is to review the decisions of the Central Elections Committee and of the Supreme Court regarding disqualification of lists in Israel. Two major questions are addressed: When should tolerance have its limits?; and, What constraints on liberty should be introduced in order to safeguard democracy? The judicial analysis focuses attention on the issue of whether the justices acted in accordance with the law. Consideration is given to the written law and to existing normative considerations which allow justices an (...)
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  33.  29
    The Guidelines for Euthanasia in the Netherlands.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2002 - Ethical Perspectives 9 (1):3-20.
    The Dutch experience has influenced the debate on euthanasia and death with dignity around the globe, especially with regard to whether physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia should be legitimized or legalized. Review of the literature reveals complex and often contradictory views about this experience. Some claim the Netherlands offers a model for the world to follow; others believe the Netherlands represents danger rather than promise, that the Dutch experience is the definitive answer to why we should not make active euthanasia and (...)
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  34.  29
    John Stuart Mill.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - unknown
    John Stuart Mill's concept of ethics was closely related to his firm belief in freedom. He was strictly a believer in each person bringing the greatest degree of happiness or good to the greatest number. This would be an individual act and in no way a forced action. One is free to act without coercion as long as no harm is brought to another person. Consequences must be considered carefully before acting and the act chosen must be the best of (...)
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  35.  28
    The Israel-Hezbollah War and the Winograd Committee.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - unknown
    On July 12, 2006, the Hezbollah terrorist organization attacked two Israeli Defense Forces' armored Hummer jeeps patrolling along the border with gunfire and explosives, in the midst of massive shelling attacks on Israel's north. Three soldiers were killed in the attack and two were taken hostage. The Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) began heavy artillery and tank fire. Prime Minister Ehud Olmert convened the government on Wednesday night, June 12, 2006 to decide Israel's reaction. The government agreed that the attack had (...)
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  36.  13
    Press Self-Regulation in Britain: A Critique.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (1):159-181.
    This article reviews the history of press self-regulation in Britain, from the 1947 Ross Commission to the 2012 Leveson Inquiry Commission. It considers the history of the Press Council and the Press Complaints Commission, analysing the ways they developed, their work, and how they have reached their current non-status. It is argued that the existing situation in Britain is far from satisfactory, and that the press should advance more elaborate mechanisms of self-control, establishing a new regulatory body called the Public (...)
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  37.  12
    Fatal Choices and Flawed Decisions at the End of Life: Lessons From Israel.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2011 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 54 (4):578-594.
    SC was an 80-year-old Israeli woman. She suffered from multiple chronic conditions, including heart disease, pulmonary congestion, chronic leukemia, diabetes, and high blood pressure. She received medication to treat her medical condition. Her pressing problems were shortness of breath and severe pain in her left leg, the result of poor blood circulation. SC resided in a rehabilitative nursing home in Tel Aviv. One night she could not sleep. She sat on her bed, unable to lie down, and screamed with pain. (...)
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  38.  8
    Will Kymlicka and Raphael Cohen-Almagor.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2000 - In Maria Baghramian & Attracta Ingram (eds.), Pluralism: The Philosophy and Politics of Diversity. Routledge. pp. 228.
  39.  14
    Reply to Rejoinder: Teaching in Class Versus Free Expression.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - unknown
    Early in 2008 I published Hate in the Classroom: Free Expression, Holocaust Denial, and Liberal Education. A rejoinder was published, and this is my reply to the rejoinder. It is about education and the role of the teacher in the classroom. I argue that teachers should keep their hateful views to themselves and not pronounce them publicly if they wish to serve as educators. Students should not be subjected to teachers who are unable to appreciate difference and pluralism, who interpret (...)
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  40.  6
    Reactions & Debate.Andreas Føllesdal, Joel Perlmann, Bashir Bashir, Raphael Cohen-Almagor, Said Zeedani & Chaim Gans - 2011 - Ethical Perspectives 18 (4):625-681.
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  41.  5
    In Memoriam: Edmund Pellegrino. [REVIEW]Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):307-311.
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  42.  2
    Netcitizenship : Addressing Cyberevenge and Sexbullying.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - unknown
    This article discusses the phenomena of Cyberevenge, sexbullying, and sextortion, especially among young people. The discussion, based on extensive review of books, research reports, newspapers, journal articles and pertinent websites, analyzes these challenges. The article suggests some remedies to counter these online social ills which pertain to promoting responsibility of netcitizens, schools, governments, Non-Governmental Organizations and social networking sites.
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  43. Challenges to Democracy Essays in Honour and Memory of Isaiah Berlin.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 2000
     
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  44. Medical Ethics at the Dawn of the 21st Century.Raphael Cohen-Almagor (ed.) - 2000 - New York Academy of Sciences.
     
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  45. Patients' Right To Die In Dignity And The Role Of Their Beloved People.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 1996 - Jahrbuch für Recht Und Ethik 4.
    The aim of this paper is to ponder the intricate issue of the right to die in dignity by focusing attention on the role of the patient's beloved people. I first provide critical examination of some of the arguments advanced by Ronald Dworkin. I proceed by contemplating relevant scenarios and examining three American court decisions: Saikewicz, Spring and Gray. The first case, Saikewicz, concerns a patient who had no family or other beloved people. I observe that this fact had a (...)
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