Results for 'Raphael Salvi'

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  1. An Evaluation Schema for the Ethical Use of Autonomous Robotic Systems in Security Applications.Markus Christen, Thomas Burri, Joseph O. Chapa, Raphael Salvi, Filippo Santoni de Sio & John P. Sullins - unknown
    We propose a multi-step evaluation schema designed to help procurement agencies and others to examine the ethical dimensions of autonomous systems to be applied in the security sector, including autonomous weapons systems.
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  2.  14
    Interview: D.D. Raphael.D. D. Raphael & Gideon Calder - 2016 - Philosophy Now 112:28-29.
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  3.  12
    J. S. Mill's Proof of the Principle of Utility: D. D. Raphael.D. D. Raphael - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (1):55-63.
    In the introductory chapter of his essay on Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill says his aim is to contribute towards the understanding of utilitarianism and towards ‘such proof as it is susceptible of’. He immediately adds that ‘this cannot be proof in the ordinary and popular meaning of the term’ because ‘ultimate ends are not amenable to direct proof’. A proof that something is good has to show that it is ‘a means to something admitted to be good without proof’. But, (...)
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  4.  15
    Liberty and Authority: D. D. Raphael.D. D. Raphael - 1983 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 15:1-15.
    Everybody supports freedom—even authoritarians, though what they call freedom looks suspiciously like bondage. Rousseau begins The Social Contract with a flourish: ‘Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.’ He ends up by trying to persuade us that the chains, the restraints of law and organized society, are necessary for true freedom. He wants us to believe that true freedom, the freedom essential for human existence, is not the happy-go-lucky freedom of Liberty Hall, do as you like, but (...)
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  5.  10
    Maurice Cranston : D. D. Raphael.D. D. Raphael - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (1):1-7.
    Professor Maurice Cranston, who died suddenly on 5 November 1993, was a man of many talents. Pre-eminent as a biographer of Locke and Rousseau, he was also distinguished for his own contribution to political philosophy and for his capacity to expound the political thought of others in clear, simple language. He did this with great success not only in the lecture room but also in numerous broadcast talks and discussions, notably on the Third Programme of the BBC. In his academic (...)
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  6.  13
    Adam Smith: Philosophy, Science, and Social Science: D. D. Raphael.D. D. Raphael - 1978 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 12:77-93.
    What darkness was the ‘Enlightenment’ supposed to have removed? The answer is irrational forms of religion. Most of the ‘enlightened’ took the view that revealed religion was irrational and that natural religion could be rational; but some were sceptical about natural religion too. Hume was the most honest and the most penetrating thinker of the latter group. His biographer, Professor E. C. Mossner, is not alone in believing that the Dialogues concerning Natural Religion is ‘his philosophical testament’.
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  7.  16
    Philosophy and Sociology: D. D. Raphael.D. D. Raphael - 1970 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 4:91-104.
    We hear nowadays in literary criticism of a type of novel that is an ‘anti-novel’ and of a type of hero who is an ‘anti-hero’. I recently read an article which argued, rather well in my opinion, that the later philosophy of Wittgenstein is an anti-philosophy. One could say the same of the philosophie positive of Auguste Comte, who is often called the father of sociology. The principle with which Comte starts off his philosophy, ‘the fundamental law of mental development’, (...)
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  8.  7
    Alexander Marr, Between Raphael and Galileo: Mutio Oddi and the Mathematical Culture of Late Renaissance Italy. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2011. Pp. Xvii+359. ISBN 978-0-226-50628-9. £29.00. [REVIEW]Renée Raphael - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Science 45 (1):126-128.
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  9.  74
    The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy.D. D. Raphael - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    D. D. Raphael examines the moral philosophy of Adam Smith (1723-90), best known for his famous work on economics, The Wealth of Nations, and shows that his thought still has much to offer philosophers today. Raphael gives particular attention to Smith's original theory of conscience, with its emphasis on the role of 'sympathy' (shared feelings).
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  10. Moral Philosophy.D. D. Raphael - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    In this new and enlarged edition of a standard introduction to moral philosophy, Raphael shows in clear and simple language the connections between abstract ethics and practical problems in law, government, medicine, and the social sciences in general. Moral Philosophy deals with six main areas. First, it looks at the two opposed traditions of naturalism and rationalism, and considers more recent discussion in terms of logic and language. Next, it explores the attractions and defects of Utilitarianism, and then turns (...)
     
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  11.  42
    Concepts of Justice.D. D. Raphael - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    In this fascinating exploration of justice, eminent philosopher D. D. Raphael presents the culmination of a lifetime's study of its evolution, from ancient times to the late twentieth century. His aim is not just historical but philosophical: to illuminate our true understanding of justice. His unique approach examines not only classic texts by such philosophers as Plato, Aristotle, Hume, Mill, and Rawls but also the Bible and Greek tragedy, as well as some neglected but important thought from the modern (...)
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  12.  94
    British Moralists, 1650-1800 (2 Vols.).D. D. Raphael - 1991 - Hackett.
    Selected and edited with comparative notes and analytical index by Raphael. The British Moralists of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries form a remarkable tradition of continuous philosophical debate, reaching its high point in the ethical writings of Hume. Many of the works included in this collection are unavailable in modern editions, and those that are available can be seen to better advantage here, in the context of their historical development. This new selection differs appreciable from its predecessor, Selby-Bigge's British (...)
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  13.  22
    Insight Solutions Are Correct More Often Than Analytic Solutions.Carola Salvi, Emanuela Bricolo, John Kounios, Edward Bowden & Mark Beeman - 2016 - Thinking and Reasoning 22 (4):443-460.
    ABSTRACTHow accurate are insights compared to analytical solutions? In four experiments, we investigated how participants' solving strategies influenced their solution accuracies across different types of problems, including one that was linguistic, one that was visual and two that were mixed visual-linguistic. In each experiment, participants' self-judged insight solutions were, on average, more accurate than their analytic ones. We hypothesised that insight solutions have superior accuracy because they emerge into consciousness in an all-or-nothing fashion when the unconscious solving process is complete, (...)
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  14. Essays on Philosophical Subjects.Adam Smith, J. C. Bryce, D. D. Raphael, Dugald Stewart & Ian Simpson Ross - 1980
     
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  15. Problems of Political Philosophy.D. D. Raphael - 1990 - Humanities Press.
  16. New Books. [REVIEW]L. J. Russell, D. Daiches Raphael, John Laird & G. C. Field - 1944 - Mind 53 (209):86-91.
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  17.  21
    Adam Smith.D. D. Raphael - 1987 - Philosophical Review 96 (4):612-615.
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  18.  12
    The Logic of Liberty.D. Daiches Raphael & Michael Polanyi - 1953 - Philosophical Quarterly 3 (10):86.
  19.  10
    A Patrimony of Idols: Second-Wave Jewish and Christian Feminist Theology and the Criticism of Religion.Melissa Raphael - 2014 - Sophia 53 (2):241-259.
    This article suggests that second-wave feminist theology between around 1968 and 1995 undertook the quintessentially religious and task of theology, which is to break its own idols. Idoloclasm was the dynamic of Jewish and Christian feminist theological reformism and the means by which to clear a way back into its own tradition. Idoloclasm brought together an inter-religious coalition of feminists who believed that idolatry is not one of the pitfalls of patriarchy but its symptom and cause, not a subspecies of (...)
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  20.  15
    Conflict of Interest in Biomedical Research: A View From Europe.Maurizio Salvi - 2003 - Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (1):101-108.
    In this paper I address the conflict of interest (CoI) issue from a legal point of view at a European level. We will see that the regulatory framework that exists in Europe does state the need for the independence of ethics committee involved in authorisation of research and clinical trials. We will see that CoI is an element that has to be closely monitored at National and International level. Therefore, Member States and Newly Associated States do have to address CoI (...)
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  21.  31
    Philosophy, Politics and Society: Third Series.D. D. Raphael, Peter Laslett & W. G. Runciman - 1969 - Philosophical Quarterly 19 (75):185.
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  22. British Moralists, 1650-1800.D. D. Raphael - 1969 - Clarendon Press.
  23.  99
    New Books. [REVIEW]Desmond Paul Henry, J. P. Day, Antony Flew, H. D. Sluga, Francis Jacobs, D. D. Raphael & Anthony Palmer - 1966 - Mind 75 (300):598-615.
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  24.  77
    J. S. Mill's Proof of the Principle of Utility.D. D. Raphael - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (1):55.
    In the introductory chapter of his essay on Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill says his aim is to contribute towards the understanding of utilitarianism and towards ‘such proof as it is susceptible of’. He immediately adds that ‘this cannot be proof in the ordinary and popular meaning of the term’ because ‘ultimate ends are not amenable to direct proof’. A proof that something is good has to show that it is ‘a means to something admitted to be good without proof’. But, (...)
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  25.  24
    Hume and Adam Smith on Justice and Utility.D. D. Raphael - 1972 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 73:87 - 103.
  26. The Golden Lands of Thomas Hobbes.Miriam M. Reik & D. D. Raphael - 1977 - Philosophy 53 (206):573-574.
     
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  27.  68
    New Books. [REVIEW]Leon Roth, E. Gilman, R. J. Spilsbury, H. D. Lewis, Karl Britton, G. H. Bird, P. T. Geach, R. N. Smart, R. Rhees, Margaret Macdonald, Basil Mitchell, D. Daiches Raphael, A. M. MacIver, J. L. Ackrill, Martha Kneale & T. R. Miles - 1956 - Mind 65 (259):410-430.
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  28.  21
    Justice and Liberty.D. D. Raphael - 1980 - Humanities Press.
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  29.  40
    Rhetoric, Dialectic and Syllogistic Argument: Aristotle's Position in "Rhetoric" I-II.Sally Raphael - 1974 - Phronesis 19 (1):153-167.
  30.  31
    Hobbes: Morals and Politics.D. D. Raphael - 1977 - Allen & Unwin.
    This book is both expository and critical and concentres on Hobbes' ethical and political theory, but also considering the effect on these of his metaphysics.
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  31.  7
    The Presidential Address: The Standard of Morals.D. D. Raphael - 1974 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 75:1 - 12E.
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  32.  44
    Sidgwick on Intuitionism.D. D. Raphael - 1974 - The Monist 58 (3):405-419.
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  33.  18
    John Rawls' Theory of Social Justice: An Introduction.D. D. Raphael, H. Gene Blocker & Elizabeth H. Smith - 1982 - Philosophical Quarterly 32 (127):190.
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  34.  7
    Genetics' Dreams in the Post Genomics Era.Maurizio Salvi - 2002 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (1):73-77.
    In this paper I explore the heuristic limits ofhuman genetics, in particular the claim that itis possible to manipulate human germcells in a pre-ordinate way (Gordon, 1999). I arguethat this claim is unrealistic based ongenetic reductionism and a wrong concept ofgenetic diseases.
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  35.  51
    New Books. [REVIEW]D. R. Bell, K. Baier, Ronald W. Hepburn, Thomas McPherson, R. D. Bradley, D. D. Raphael, Antony Flew, W. H. F. Barnes, James Griffin, John Wheatley, Heinz-Juergen Schuering, D. P. Henry, Ernest H. Hutten, Anthony Kenny, Mary Warnock, Arthur Thomson & R. F. Holland - 1962 - Mind 71 (284):552-594.
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  36. The Moral Sense.D. D. Raphael - 1947 - London: Oxford Univ. Press.
     
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  37.  50
    Shaping Individuality: Human Inheritable Germ Line Gene Modification.Maurizio Salvi - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (6):527-542.
    In this paper I deal with ethical factors surrounding germline gene therapy. Such implications include intergenerational responsibility, human dignity, moral status of embryos and so on. I will explore the relevance of the above mentioned issues to discuss the ethical implication of human germline gene therapy (HGLT). We will see that most of arguments claimed by bioethicists do not provide valid reason to oppose HGLT. I will propose an alternative view, based on personal identity issues, to discuss the ethics of (...)
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  38. Hobbes on Justice.D. D. Raphael - 1988 - In G. A. J. Rogers & Alan Ryan (eds.), Perspectives on Thomas Hobbes. Oxford University Press.
  39.  38
    Maurice Cranston.D. D. Raphael - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (1):1.
    Professor Maurice Cranston, who died suddenly on 5 November 1993, was a man of many talents. Pre-eminent as a biographer of Locke and Rousseau, he was also distinguished for his own contribution to political philosophy and for his capacity to expound the political thought of others in clear, simple language. He did this with great success not only in the lecture room but also in numerous broadcast talks and discussions, notably on the Third Programme of the BBC. In his academic (...)
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  40.  30
    Transforming Animal Species: The Case of 'Oncomouse'.Maurizio Salvi - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (1):15-28.
    In this paper I deal with ethical implications arising from animal biotechnology. I analyse some general questions surrounding the production of transgenic animals through a specific case study: the oncomouse. In particular, I explore ethical factors involved in the production of oncomice. This is because biologists genetically modify animals’ germ cells and refuse to modify human germ cells. I will underline how the international community has thus far justified this ‘ethical difference’.
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  41.  19
    Obligations and Rights in Hobbes.D. D. Raphael - 1962 - Philosophy 37 (142):345 - 352.
  42.  18
    Bishop Butler's View of Conscience.D. Daiches Raphael - 1949 - Philosophy 24 (90):219-238.
    In this article I propose to examine Bishop Butler's view of the nature of moral judgment, the epistemological problem which so greatly exercised some of the British moralists of his age. I have discussed the views of four of them in The Moral Sense. The problem seems to have been peculiarly lacking in interest for Butler. This may seem at first sight an odd statement: the moral faculty, or conscience, it would be said, is the chief subject of Butler's moral (...)
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  43.  18
    Galileo: Watcher of the Skies.Renée Raphael - 2011 - Early Science and Medicine 16 (6):619-620.
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  44.  11
    Steven T. Katz . Jewish Philosophers. Pp. Xvi + 299. No Price Stated. [REVIEW]D. D. Raphael - 1978 - Religious Studies 14 (3):409.
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  45.  7
    Adam Smith: Philosophy, Science, and Social Science.D. D. Raphael - 1978 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 12:77-93.
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  46.  12
    Critical Notice.Review author[S.]: D. D. Raphael - 1974 - Mind 83 (329):118-127.
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  47.  8
    Reason and Virtue: A Study in the Ethics of Richard Price.D. D. Raphael & Antonio S. Cua - 1967 - Philosophical Quarterly 17 (66):70.
  48.  17
    Teaching Through Diagrams.Renée Raphael - 2013 - Early Science and Medicine 18 (1-2):201-230.
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  49.  26
    Fallacies in and About Mill's "Utilitarianism".D. Daiches Raphael - 1955 - Philosophy 30 (115):344 - 357.
    Mill's Utilitarianism is widely used to introduce elementary students to Moral Philosophy. One reason for this, I trust, is a recognition that Mill's doctrines and interests have an immediate attraction for most people. But certainly another reason is the belief that Mill's arguments contain a number of obvious fallacies, which an elementary student can be led to detect, thereby learning to practise critical philosophy.
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  50.  3
    The Moral Sense.D. Daiches Raphael - 1949 - Philosophical Review 58 (1):71-76.
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