Results for 'Rational behavior'

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  1. On Three Alleged Theories of Rational Behavior.Stuart Rachels - 2009 - Utilitas 21 (4):506-520.
    What behavior is rational? It’s rational to act ethically, some think. Others endorse instrumentalism — it is rational to pursue one’s goals. Still others say that acting rationally always involves promoting one’s self-interest. Many philosophers have given each of these answers. But these answers don’t really conflict; they aren’t vying to describe some shared concept or to solve some mutually acknowledged problem. In so far as this is debated, it is a pseudo-debate. The different uses of (...)
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    Rational Behaviour: A Comparison Between the Theory Stemming From de Finetti's Work and Some Other Leading Theories.Guido A. Rossi - 1994 - Theory and Decision 36 (3):257-275.
  3. Rational Behaviour and Bargaining Equilibrium in Games and Social Situations.John C. Harsanyi - 1986 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a paperback edition of a major contribution to the field, first published in hard covers in 1977. The book outlines a general theory of rational behaviour consisting of individual decision theory, ethics, and game theory as its main branches. Decision theory deals with a rational pursuit of individual utility; ethics with a rational pursuit of the common interests of society; and game theory with an interaction of two or more rational individuals, each pursuing his (...)
     
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  4. The Rational Analysis of Mind and Behavior.Nick Chater & Mike Oaksford - 2000 - Synthese 122 (1-2):93-131.
    Rational analysis (Anderson 1990, 1991a) is an empiricalprogram of attempting to explain why the cognitive system isadaptive, with respect to its goals and the structure of itsenvironment. We argue that rational analysis has two importantimplications for philosophical debate concerning rationality. First,rational analysis provides a model for the relationship betweenformal principles of rationality (such as probability or decisiontheory) and everyday rationality, in the sense of successfulthought and action in daily life. Second, applying the program ofrational analysis to research (...)
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  5.  59
    Norms and Rationality. Is Moral Behavior a Form of Rational Action?Karl-Dieter Opp - 2013 - Theory and Decision 74 (3):383-409.
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  6. Intelligence and Rational Behaviour in the Bottle-Nosed Dolphin.Louis M. Herman - 2006 - In Susan Hurley & Matthew Nudds (eds.), Rational Animals? Oxford University Press.
     
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  7.  7
    Implicit Learning of (Boundedly) Rational Behaviour.Daniel John Zizzo - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):700-701.
    Stanovich & West's target article undervalues the power of implicit learning (particularly reinforcement learning). Implicit learning may allow the learning of more rational responses–and sometimes even generalisation of knowledge–in contexts where explicit, abstract knowledge proves only of limited value, such as for economic decision-making. Four other comments are made.
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  8. Rational Choice and Rule-Following Behavior.Bernd Lahno - 2007 - Rationality and Society 19 (4):425-450.
    While Rational Choice Theory (RC) may be understood as a theory of choice, which does not necessarily reflect actual deliberative processes, rule-following behavior is definitely based on a certain form of delibera- tion. This article aims at clarifying the relationship between the two. Being guided by instrumental rules, i.e., rules reducible to the maximiza- tion principle, is perfectly consistent with the fundamental behavioral assumptions of RC. But human individuals use other forms of rules in decision making, especially tie-breaking (...)
     
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  9.  65
    Morality and the Theory of Rational Behavior.John Harsanyi - 1977 - Social Research 44.
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  10. Non-Rational Behaviour, Value Conflicts, Stakeholder Theory, and Firm Behaviour.M. C. Jensen - 2008 - Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (2):167-171.
  11. Concerning Rational Behaviour and Psycho-Analytic Explanation.Theodore Mischel - 1965 - Mind 74 (293):71-78.
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  12. Rational Behaviour and Psychoanalytic Explanation.Peter Alexander - 1962 - Mind 71 (283):326-341.
  13. Determinism and Rational Behaviour.Antony Flew - 1959 - Mind 68 (271):377-382.
  14.  56
    Rule Utilitarianism, Rights, Obligations and the Theory of Rational Behavior.John C. Harsanyi - 1980 - Theory and Decision 12 (2):115-133.
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    Notes on the so-Called Incompleteness Problem and on the Proposed Alternative Concept of Rational Behavior.John C. Harsanyi - 1972 - Theory and Decision 2 (4):342-352.
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  16.  16
    Sociology and Models of Rational Behavior.Klemens Szaniawski - 1974 - Dialectics and Humanism 1 (2):133-144.
  17.  4
    Rational Behavior and Economic Behavior.George Katona - 1953 - Psychological Review 60 (5):307-318.
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  18.  7
    Rational Behaviour and Bargaining Equilibrium in Games and Social Situations.D. E. B. Pollard - 1982 - Philosophical Studies 29:354-355.
  19.  9
    Rational Behavior in Bargaining Situations.Philip M. Barnett - 1983 - Noûs 17 (4):621-635.
  20.  9
    Dilthey's Revolution in the Theory of the Structure of Scientific Inquiry and Rational Behavior.Peter Krausser - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (2):262 - 280.
  21.  10
    Prescriptivism and Rational Behaviour.J. C. Mackenzie - 1968 - Philosophical Quarterly 18 (73):310-319.
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  22. Rational Behaviour: A Review of the Requirements of Instrumental Rationality. [REVIEW]Ahmed Jamal Anwar - 2006 - Philosophy and Progress 39:11.
  23. Rational Behavior and Bargaining Equilibrium in Games and Social Situations.A. C. Michalos - 1982 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 12 (4):444-445.
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  24. Rational Behaviour and Bargaining Equilibrium in Games and Social Situations. [REVIEW]D. E. B. Pollard - 1982 - Philosophical Studies 29:354-355.
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  25. Individual Differences in Reasoning: Implications for the Rationality Debate?-Open Peer Commentary-Implicit Learning of (Boundedly) Rational Behaviour.K. E. Stanovich, R. F. West & D. J. Zizzo - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):700-700.
     
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  26.  8
    Becker Random Behavior and the as-If Defense of Rational Choice Theory in Demand Analysis.Ivan Moscati & Paola Tubaro - 2011 - Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (2):107-128.
    In discussing rational choice theory (RCT) as an explanation of demand behavior, Becker (1962, Journal of Political Economy, 70, 1?13) proposed a model of random choice in which consumers pick a bundle on their budget line according to a uniform distribution. This model has then been used in various ways to assess the validity of RCT and to support as-if arguments in defense of it. This paper makes both historical and methodological contributions. Historically, it investigates how the interpretation (...)
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  27.  20
    The Origins of Collective Overvaluation: Irrational Exuberance Emerges From Simple, Honest and Rational Individual Behavior.Michael L. Anderson - unknown -
    The generation of value bubbles is an inherently psychological and social process, where information sharing and individual decisions can affect representations of value. Bubbles occur in many domains, from the stock market, to the runway, to the laboratories of science. Here we seek to understand how psychological and social processes lead representations (i.e., expectations) of value to become divorced from the inherent value, using asset bubbles as an example. We hypothesize that simple asset group switching rules can give rise to (...)
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  28. A Practitioner's Guide to Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy.Raymond A. DiGiuseppe, Kristene A. Doyle, Windy Dryden & Wouter Backx - 2013 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Extensively updated to include clinical findings over the last two decades, this third edition of A Practitioner's Guide to Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy reviews the philosophy, theory, and clinical practice of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy. This model is based on the work of Albert Ellis, who had an enormous influence on the field of psychotherapy over his 50 years of practice and scholarly writing. Designed for both therapists-in-training and seasoned professionals, this practical treatment manual and guide introduces (...)
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  29. Fast, Frugal, and Rational: How Rational Norms Explain Behavior.Nick Chater, Mike Oaksford, Ramin Nakisa & Martin Redington - 2003 - Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 90 (1):63-86.
    Much research on judgment and decision making has focussed on the adequacy of classical rationality as a description of human reasoning. But more recently it has been argued that classical rationality should also be rejected even as normative standards for human reasoning. For example, Gigerenzer and Goldstein and Gigerenzer and Todd argue that reasoning involves “fast and frugal” algorithms which are not justified by rational norms, but which succeed in the environment. They provide three lines of argument for this (...)
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  30.  7
    The 'Unbearable Lightness' of the Economic Approach to Economic Behavior in the Social Setting: Rational Action and the Sociology of the Economy.Milan Zafirovski - 1999 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 29 (3):301–334.
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    Models of Man, Social and Rational: Mathematical Essays on Rational Human Behavior in a Social Setting. [REVIEW]Ernest Adams - 1962 - Journal of Philosophy 59 (7):177-182.
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  32.  29
    Rational Models as Theories – Not Standards – of Behavior.Craig R. M. McKenzie - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (9):403-406.
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  33.  9
    Models of Man, Social and Rational: Mathematical Essays on Rational Human Behavior in a Social Setting.Herbert A. Simon - 1962 - Journal of Philosophy 59 (7):177-182.
  34.  9
    As Economists, We Should Have Been Disturbed by My Friend's Comment Because There is No Place for Willpower in Economics or Rational Choice Theory. Economists and Others Who Embrace the Decision-Making Perspective See Behavior as a Matter of Simply.George Loewenstein - 2000 - Law and Philosophy 19:51-76.
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  35.  18
    Rational Choice and Economic Behavior.Richard H. Day - 1971 - Theory and Decision 1 (3):229-251.
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  36.  26
    Moral Behavior and Rational Creatures of the Universe.Laurence Thomas - 1988 - The Monist 71 (1):59-71.
  37.  5
    Hypnosis: Towards a Rational Explanation of Irrational Behaviour.Peter L. N. Naish - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (3):476.
  38.  7
    Critical Thinking and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy.Donald Hatcher, Tony Brown & Kelli Gariglietti - 2001 - Inquiry 20 (3):6-18.
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  39.  7
    A Rational Justification for Ethical Behavior.Leon Felkins - manuscript -
    It has always seemed to me that the universe is a bit more diabolical than one would expect. There are just too many strange and frustrating incidents that can not be attributed to pure chance. Can there be some validity to the thousands of "Murphy's Laws" that we have heard about or been subjected to? Maybe. Murphy's Laws may not be the worst of it.
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  40.  2
    Gases as Idealized Lattices: A Rational Reconstruction of Students' Understanding of the Behavior of Gases.Mansoor Niaz - 2000 - Science and Education 9 (3):279-287.
  41. The Soft Constraints Hypothesis: A Rational Analysis Approach to Resource Allocation for Interactive Behavior.Wayne D. Gray, Chris R. Sims, Wai-Tat Fu & Michael J. Schoelles - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (3):461-482.
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  42. Critical Thinking and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy.Donald Hatcher, Tony Brown & Kelli Gariglietti - 2001 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 20 (3):6-18.
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  43. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy and the God Image.Brad Johnson - 2008 - In Glendon Moriarty & Louis Hoffman (eds.), God Image Handbook for Spiritual Counseling and Psychotherapy: Research, Theory, and Practice. Haworth Pastoral Press.
  44.  42
    How Evolutionary Biology Challenges the Classical Theory of Rational Choice.W. S. Cooper - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (4):457-481.
    A fundamental philosophical question that arises in connection with evolutionary theory is whether the fittest patterns of behavior are always the most rational. Are fitness and rationality fully compatible? When behavioral rationality is characterized formally as in classical decision theory, the question becomes mathematically meaningful and can be explored systematically by investigating whether the optimally fit behavior predicted by evolutionary process models is decision-theoretically coherent. Upon investigation, it appears that in nontrivial evolutionary models the expected behavior (...)
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  45.  74
    Logical Theories of Intention and the Database Perspective.Yoav Shoham - 2009 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 38 (6):633-647.
    While logical theories of information attitudes, such as knowledge, certainty and belief, have flourished in the past two decades, formalization of other facets of rational behavior have lagged behind significantly. One intriguing line of research concerns the concept of intention. I will discuss one approach to tackling the notion within a logical framework, based on a database perspective.
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  46.  17
    Soft Constraints in Interactive Behavior: The Case of Ignoring Perfect Knowledge in‐the‐World for Imperfect Knowledge in‐the‐Head*,*.Wayne D. Gray & Wai‐Tat Fu - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (3):359-382.
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  47. Rational Love.Warren A. Shibles - 1978 - Language Press.
  48. On the Rationality of Pluralistic Ignorance.Jens Christian Bjerring, Jens Ulrik Hansen & Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen - 2014 - Synthese 191 (11):2445-2470.
    Pluralistic ignorance is a socio-psychological phenomenon that involves a systematic discrepancy between people’s private beliefs and public behavior in certain social contexts. Recently, pluralistic ignorance has gained increased attention in formal and social epistemology. But to get clear on what precisely a formal and social epistemological account of pluralistic ignorance should look like, we need answers to at least the following two questions: What exactly is the phenomenon of pluralistic ignorance? And can the phenomenon arise among perfectly rational (...)
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  49.  18
    Deliberative Adjustments of Intuitive Anchors: The Case of Diversification Behavior.Shahar Ayal, Dan Zakay & Guy Hochman - 2012 - Synthese 189 (S1):131-145.
    As part of the rationality debate, we examine the impact of deliberative and intuitive thinking styles on diversity preference behavior. A sample of 230 students completed the Rational Experiential Inventory and the Diversity Preference Questionnaire, an original measure of diversification behavior in different real-life situations. In cases where no normative solution was available, we found a clear preference for diversity-seeking in the gain domain and diversity-aversion in the loss domain, regardless of cognitive thinking style. However, in cases (...)
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  50.  28
    Beneficial Safety Decreases.Till Grüne-Yanoff & Holger Rosencrantz - 2010 - Theory and Decision 70 (2):195-213.
    We construct a model of rational choice under risk with biased risk judgement. On its basis, we argue that sometimes, a regulator aiming at maximising social welfare should affect the environment in such a way that it becomes ‘less safe’ in common perception. More specifically, we introduce a bias into each agent’s choice of optimal risk levels: consequently, in certain environments, agents choose a behaviour that realises higher risks than intended. Individuals incur a welfare loss through this bias. We (...)
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