Results for 'Rational choice theory'

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  1.  43
    How Thin Rational Choice Theory Explains Choices.Roberto Fumagalli - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 83:63-74.
    The critics of rational choice theory (RCT) frequently build on the contrast between so-called thick and thin applications of RCT to argue that thin RCT lacks the potential to explain the choices of real-world agents. In this paper, I draw on often-cited RCT applications in several decision sciences to demonstrate that despite this prominent critique there are at least two different senses in which thin RCT can explain real-world agents’ choices. I then defend this thesis against the (...)
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  2.  11
    Rational Choice Theory: Its Merits and Limits in Explaining and Predicting Cultural Behavior.Yurdagul Kilinc Adanali - 2017 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 10 (1):137-141.
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  3.  22
    Is Rational Choice Theory Still a Rational Choice of Theory? A Response to Opp.Gianluca Manzo - 2013 - Social Science Information 52 (3):361-382.
    Authoritative rational choice theorists continue to argue that wide variants of rational choice theory should be regarded as the best starting-point to formulate theoretical hypotheses on the micro foundations of complex macro-level social dynamics. Building on recent writings on neo-classical rational choice theory, on behavioral economics and on cognitive psychology, the present article challenges this view and argues that: neo-classical rational choice theory is an astonishingly malleable and powerful analytical (...)
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  4.  37
    Rational Choice Theory at the Origin? Forms and Social Factors of “Irrational Choice”.Milan Zafirovski - 2016 - Social Epistemology 30 (5-6):728-763.
    The paper addresses the ‘rational choice only’ reconstruction, characterization, and interpretation of classical and neoclassical economics. It argues that such a reconstruction is inaccurate failing to do justice to the dual theoretical character of classical/neoclassical economics. The paper instead proposes and shows that the latter involves not only elements of ‘rational choice theory’ but also those of an alternative conception. It identifies various and important ideas, observations, and implications of irrational choice and action within (...)
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  5.  52
    Rational Choice Theory's Mysterious Rivals.Dennis Chong - 1995 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 9 (1-2):37-57.
    Although rational choice theory has enjoyed only modest predictive success, it provides a powerful explanatory mechanism for social processes involving strategic interaction among individuals and it stimulates interesting empirical inquiries. Rather than present competing theories to compare against rational choice, Don Green and Ian Shapiro have merely alluded to alternative explanatory variables such as culture, institutions, and social norms, without showing either how these factors can be incorporated into a more powerful theory, or how (...)
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  6.  52
    The Diversity of Rational Choice Theory: A Review Note.Catherine Herfeld - 2020 - Topoi 39 (2):329-347.
    In this paper, I review the literature on rational choice theory to scrutinize a number of criticisms that philosophers have voiced against its usefulness in economics. The paper has three goals: first, I argue that the debates about RCT have been characterized by disunity and confusion about the object under scrutiny, which calls into question the effectiveness of those criticisms. Second, I argue that RCT is not a single and unified choice theory—let alone an empirical (...)
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  7.  12
    Rational Choice Theory’s Mysterious Rivals.Dennis Chong - 2017 - In Louis Putterman (ed.), The Rational Choice Controversy. Yale University Press. pp. 37-58.
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  8. Rational Choice and Democratic Deliberation: A Theory of Discourse Failure.Guido Pincione & Fernando R. Tesón - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    In public political deliberation, people will err and lie in accordance with definite patterns. Such discourse failure results from behavior that is both instrumentally and epistemically rational. The deliberative practices of a liberal democracy cannot be improved so as to overcome the tendency for rational citizens to believe and say things at odds with reliable propositions of social science. The theory has several corollaries. One is that much contemporary political philosophy can be seen as an unsuccessful attempt (...)
     
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  9. Unrealistic Assumptions in Rational Choice Theory.Aki Lehtinen & Jaakko Kuorikoski - 2007 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (2):115-138.
    The most common argument against the use of rational choice models outside economics is that they make unrealistic assumptions about individual behavior. We argue that whether the falsity of assumptions matters in a given model depends on which factors are explanatorily relevant. Since the explanatory factors may vary from application to application, effective criticism of economic model building should be based on model-specific arguments showing how the result really depends on the false assumptions. However, some modeling results in (...)
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  10.  84
    On the Limits of Rational Choice Theory.Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 2012 - Economic Thought 1 (1).
    The value of rational choice theory for the social sciences has long been contested. It is argued here that, in the debate over its role, it is necessary to distinguish between claims that people maximise manifest payoffs, and claims that people maximise their utility. The former version has been falsified. The latter is unfalsifiable, because utility cannot be observed. In principle, utility maximisation can be adapted to fit any form of behaviour, including the behaviour of non-human organisms. (...)
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  11.  73
    Rational Choice Theory Considered as Psychology and Moral Philosophy.Philippe Mongin - 1991 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 21 (1):5-37.
    This article attempts to assess Jon Elster's contribution to rational choice in Ulysses and the Sirens and Sour Grapes. After reviewing Elster's analysis of functional versus intentional explanations, the essay moves on to the crucial distinction between the thin and broad theories of rationality. The former elabo rates on the traditional economist's preference / feasible set apparatus; the latter is the more demanding theory which inquires into the rationality of beliefs and preferences. Elster's approach to the broad (...)
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  12. Rational Choice Theory and Economic Laws: The Role of Shared Values.Amparo Gómez Rodríguez - 2008 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 96 (1):191-205.
    The descriptive viewpoint in rational choice has generated an important Standard Rational Choice Theory revision. This viewpoint has meant the introduction of relevant psychological considerations that Rational Choice Theory tied to the neoclassical economics is unable to heed In this paper I suggest a way to expand the descriptive viewpoint by theorizing how some factors, coming from the social and cultural environment, operate within rational choice. That troublesome issue concerning the (...)
     
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  13.  31
    Rational Choice Theory in Sociology.Robert J. Holton - 1995 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 9 (4):519-537.
    James Coleman attempted to reconcile rational choice theory with the classical sociological concerns: the relationship between the individual and society, and the historical and normative status of rationality. He identifies limits to the rational choice model, and suggests some promising but ultimately unconvincing ways around them. His project does, however, offer an important critique of Weber's theory of bureaucracy, which is of value in analyzing relationships between corporate actors and particular persons.
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  14.  1
    Rational Choice Theory and Backward-Looking Motives.Roger Teichmann - 2018 - In Peter Róna & László Zsolnai (eds.), Economic Objects and the Objects of Economics. Springer Verlag. pp. 117-123.
    The paper argues that the philosophical underpinnings of rational choice theory are vitiated by consideration of the phenomenon of backward-looking motives, such as gratitude, fidelity, and many forms of honesty. Attempts to describe the actions and decisions of those acting from such motives in the terms of rational choice theory fail, and the model of human conduct which is implicit in the theory is both inadequate in itself and pernicious in its general influence. (...)
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  15.  16
    Rational Choice Theory, the Logic of Explanation, Middle-Range Theories and Analytical Sociology: A Reply to Gianluca Manzo and Petri Ylikoski.Karl-Dieter Opp - 2013 - Social Science Information 52 (3):394-408.
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  16.  23
    Rational Choice Theory as Social Physics.James Bernard Murphy - 1995 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 9 (1-2):155-174.
    Donald Green and Ian Shapiro discover a curious gulf between the prestige of rational choice approaches and the dearth of solid empirical findings. But we can understand neither the prestige of rational choice theory nor its pathologies unless we see it as a variant of the equilibrium analysis found in physics, economics, and biology. Only such a global perspective on rational choice theory will reveal its core assumptions and the likely shape of (...)
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  17.  34
    Rational Choice Theory.Cedric Paternotte - 2011 - In I. Jarvie & J. Zamorra-Bonilla (eds.), Chapter 14 of The Sage Handbook of Philosophy of Social Science. Sage Publications. pp. 307.
  18.  12
    Rational Choice Theory, the Logic of Explanation, Middle-Range Theories and Analytical Sociology: A Reply to Gianluca Manzo and Petri Ylikoski.Opp K. -D. - 2013 - Social Science Information 52 (3):394-408.
  19.  12
    Unification, Universalism, and Rational Choice Theory.Debra Satz & John Ferejohn - 2017 - In Louis Putterman (ed.), The Rational Choice Controversy. Yale University Press. pp. 71-84.
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  20. The Contribution of Rational Choice Theory to Macrosociological Research.Debra Friedman & Michael Hechter - 1988 - Sociological Theory 6 (2):201-218.
    Because it consists of an entire family of specific theories derived from the same first principles, rational choice offers one approach to generate explanations that provide for micro-macro links, and to attack a wide variety of empirical problems in macrosociology. The aims of this paper are (1) to provide a bare skeleton of all rational choice arguments; (2) to demonstrate their applicability to a range of macrosociological concerns by reviewing a sample of both new and classic (...)
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  21.  80
    Rational Choice Theory.Peter H. M. P. Roelofsma - 1999 - Philosophical Psychology 12 (3):309.
  22.  45
    Unification, Universalism, and Rational Choice Theory.John Ferejohn & Debra Satz - 1995 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 9 (1-2):71-84.
    Green and Shapiro's critique of rational choice theory underestimates the value of unification and the necessity of universalism in science. The central place of intentionality in social life makes both unification and universalism feasible norms in social science. However, ?universalism? in social science may be partial, in that the independence hypothesis?that the causal mechanism governing action is context independent?may hold only locally in certain classes of choice domains.
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  23. Rational Choice Theory.Raymond Boudon - 2008 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 26 (3).
     
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  24. Rational Choice Theory : Why Irrationality Makes More Sense for Comparative Politics.J. D. J. Nakaska - 2010 - In Howard J. Wiarda (ed.), Grand Theories and Ideologies in the Social Sciences. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  25.  12
    Rational Choice.Itzhak Gilboa - 2012 - MIT Press.
    This book offers a rigorous, concise, and nontechnical introduction to some of the fundamental insights of rational choice theory. It draws on formal theories of microeconomics, decision making, games, and social choice, and on ideas developed in philosophy, psychology, and sociology. Itzhak Gilboa argues that economic theory has provided a set of powerful models and broad insights that have changed the way we think about everyday life. He focuses on basic insights of the rational (...)
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  26.  26
    The Many Faces of Rational Choice Theory.Catherine Herfeld - 2013 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 6 (2):117.
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  27.  15
    Rational Choice Theory: Resisting Colonization.Ross Morrow - 2002 - Journal of Critical Realism 1 (1):159-165.
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  28.  22
    Resisting Rational Choice Theory. Review of Rational Choice Theory: Resisting Colonization Edited by Margaret S. Archer and Jonathan Q. Tritter. [REVIEW]Ross Morrow - 2002 - Journal of Critical Realism 1 (1):159-165.
  29.  8
    Rational Choice Theory as Social Physics.James Bernard Murphy - 2017 - In Louis Putterman (ed.), The Rational Choice Controversy. Yale University Press. pp. 155-174.
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  30.  20
    Introduction: New Trends in Rational Choice Theory.Cédric Paternotte - 2020 - Topoi 39 (2):243-244.
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  31.  26
    A Rational Choice Theory of Punishment.James P. Sterba - 1990 - Philosophical Topics 18 (1):171-181.
  32.  1
    A Rational Choice Theory of Punishment.James P. Sterba - 1990 - Philosophical Topics 18 (1):171-181.
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  33. Is Normative Rational Choice Theory Self‐Defeating?Thomas Christiano - 2004 - Ethics 115 (1):122-141.
  34.  3
    Selfishness, Altruism, and Rationality: A Theory of Social Choice.Howard Margolis - 1982 - Cambridge University Press.
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  35.  13
    Revisiting the Criticisms of Rational Choice Theories.Catherine Herfeld - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (1):e12774.
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  36.  19
    For an Integrative Theory of Social Behaviour: Theorising with and Beyond Rational Choice Theory.Tibor Rutar - 2019 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 49 (3):298-311.
    Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, EarlyView.
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  37.  33
    Rational Choice and Social Theory.Debra Satz & John Ferejohn - 1994 - Journal of Philosophy 91 (2):71-87.
  38. Rationality and Theory Choice.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1983 - Journal of Philosophy 80 (10):563-570.
  39.  7
    Commitment-Based Action: Rational Choice Theory and Contrapreferential Choice.Bojana Radovanovic - 2014 - Filozofija I Društvo 25 (3):313-322.
    This paper focuses on Sen?s concept of contrapreferential choice. Sen has developed this concept in order to overcome weaknesses of the rational choice theory. According to rational choice theory a decision-maker can be always seen as someone who maximises utility, and each choice he makes as the one that brings to him the highest level of personal wellbeing. Sen argues that in some situations we chose alternatives that bring us lower level of (...)
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  40.  23
    The Normative Core of Rational Choice Theory.Russell Hardin - 2001 - In Uskali Mäki (ed.), The Economic World View: Studies in the Ontology of Economics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 62--57.
  41.  1
    Rational Choice, Collective Decisions, and Social Welfare.Kotaro Suzumura - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    Left freely to themselves, a group of rational individuals often fail to cooperate even when the product of social cooperation is beneficial to all. Hence, the author argues, a rule of collective decision making is clearly needed that specifies how social cooperation should be organised among contributing individuals. Suzumura gives a systematic presentation of the Arrovian impossibility theorems of social choice theory, so as to describe and enumerate the various factors that are responsible for the stability of (...)
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  42. Rational Choice and Social Theory.Debra Satz & John Ferejohn - 1994 - Journal of Philosophy 91 (2):71-87.
  43.  2
    Rational Choice and Moral Agency.David Schmidtz - 1995 - Princeton University Press.
    Is it rational to be moral? How do rationality and morality fit together with being human? These questions are at the heart of David Schmidtz's exploration of the connections between rationality and morality. This inquiry leads into both metaethics and rational choice theory, as Schmidtz develops conceptions of what it is to be moral and what it is to be rational. He defends a fairly expansive conception of rational choice, considering how ends as (...)
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  44. Rational Choice and Moral Theory.Edward F. McClennen - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (5):521-540.
    Contemporary discussions of the positive relation between rational choice and moral theory are a special case of a much older tradition that seeks to show that mutual agreement upon certain moral rules works to the mutual advantage, or in the interests, of those who so agree. I make a few remarks about the history of discussions of the connection between morality and self-interest, after which I argue that the modern theory of rational choice can (...)
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  45.  40
    Gigerenzer’s Evolutionary Arguments Against Rational Choice Theory: An Assessment.Armin W. Schulz - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (5):1272-1282.
    I critically discuss a recent innovation in the debate surrounding the plausibility of rational choice theory : the appeal to evolutionary theory. Specifically, I assess Gigerenzer and colleagues’ claim that considerations based on natural selection show that, instead of making decisions in a RCT-like way, we rely on ‘simple heuristics’. As I try to make clearer here, though, Gigerenzer and colleagues’ arguments are unconvincing: we lack the needed information about our past to determine whether the premises (...)
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  46. Choice and Religion: A Critique of Rational Choice Theory.Steve Bruce - 1999 - Oxford University Press UK.
    People of the western world now have unprecedented freedom to choose their religion. In this book, the world's leading sociologist of religion argues that the liberty and freedom to choose religion corrodes faith and that religion remains most vital when it is part of ethnic and national identity.
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  47. Pragmatism and the Untenable Dualism of Means and Ends: Why Rational Choice Theory Does Not Deserve Paradigmatic Privilege. [REVIEW]Josh Whitford - 2002 - Theory and Society 31 (3):325-363.
  48. Analytic Teaching Using Rational Choice Theory.Steven Miller - 2000 - Analytic Teaching and Philosophical Praxis 20 (2):119-126.
     
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  49. How Not to Criticize Rational Choice Theory: Pathologies of "Common Sense".James Johnson - 1996 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 26 (1):77-91.
  50.  4
    Taking Chances: Essays on Rational Choice.Jordan Howard Sobel - 1994 - Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
    J. Howard Sobel has long been recognized as an important figure in philosophical discussions of rational decision. He has done much to help formulate the concept of causal decision theory. In this volume of essays Sobel explores the Bayesian idea that rational actions maximize expected values, where an action's expected value is a weighted average of its agent's values for its possible total outcomes. Newcomb's Problem and The Prisoner's Dilemma are discussed, and Allais-type puzzles are viewed from (...)
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